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Bullying Prevention In New York City Public Schools: School Safety Agents' Perceptions Of Their Roles, Gabriel R. Paez 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bullying Prevention In New York City Public Schools: School Safety Agents' Perceptions Of Their Roles, Gabriel R. Paez

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Research on school-based bullying gives little attention to how school-based law enforcement personnel perceive their roles while addressing alleged and real acts of bullying, and whether their roles influence their decisions to get involved in instances of bullying. Since research neglects to assess the extent to which personal and contextual factors of law enforcement personnel assigned to schools affect how they perceive themselves in this role and their degree of involvement in instances of bullying, this study addresses two questions:

(1) How do New York City Police Department School Safety Agents (SSAs) in NYC public schools perceive their roles in ...


Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke 2016 Kentucky Department of Corrections, Owensboro

Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke

Aaron Hughey

This study explored the impact a modified TC (Therapeutic Community) had on reducing institutional disorder as documented by institutional write-ups. The number of institutional write-ups exhibited by clients participating in a modified TC was compared with the number of write-ups exhibited by inmates in five non-treatment units over a four-year period. ANOVA (analysis of variance) revealed that the number of write-ups exhibited by clients in the TC was significantly lower than the number exhibited by inmates in the other five dorms (F(4, 24) = 5.61, p < 0.002).Further, when examined by category of offense (major/minor), it was ...


Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 31: The Police Subculture And Police Shootings, Philip M. Stinson 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 31: The Police Subculture And Police Shootings, Philip M. Stinson

Philip M Stinson

This episode of the Police Integrity Lost podcast features an interview of Bowling Green State University professor Phil Stinson that originally aired live on BBC World News on July 8, 2016.


Police Integrity Lost Webinar: Findings From A Multiyear Study On Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Webinar: Findings From A Multiyear Study On Law Enforcement Officers Arrested, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach

Philip M Stinson

Video recording of a webinar analyzing data on 6,724 arrests over a seven-year period (2005-2011). These arrests involved more than 5,500 individual sworn law enforcement officers who were employed by over 2,500 non-federal state and local law enforcement agencies located in 1,205 counties and independent cities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.


Prevalence And Use Of Guns In Perpetration Of Intimate Partner Violence, Caroline D. Cummings 2016 Portland State University

Prevalence And Use Of Guns In Perpetration Of Intimate Partner Violence, Caroline D. Cummings

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a social problem and public health issue in the United States that various states and the federal government have taken special precautions to alleviate. Two studies were conducted to address the problem. Study 1 examined archival data from a study that administered the Revised Conflict Tactic Scale to students taking psychology courses at Portland State University. The majority of students within the sample perpetrated psychological aggression but not physical assault. It was inconclusive whether more male than female college students perpetrated in physical assault against their partners. Lastly, less than 1% of students had ever ...


The Criminalization Of Immigration: Value Conflicts For The Social Work Profession, Rich Furman, Alissa R. Ackerman, Melody Loya, Susanna Jones, Nalini Negi 2016 University of Washington, Tacoma

The Criminalization Of Immigration: Value Conflicts For The Social Work Profession, Rich Furman, Alissa R. Ackerman, Melody Loya, Susanna Jones, Nalini Negi

Rich Furman

This article examines the impact of the criminalization of immigration on non-documented immigrants and the profession of social work. To meet its aims, the article explores the new realities for undocumented immigrants within the context of globalization. It then assesses the criminal justice and homeland security responses to undocumented immigrants, also referred to as the criminalization of immigration. It subsequently explores the ethical dilemmas and value discrepancies for social workers that are implicated in some of these responses. Finally, it presents implications for social workers and the social work profession.


Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson 2016 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 29: Interview Of Phil Stinson On Vocal Minority Report, Philip M. Stinson

Philip M Stinson

This episode of the Police Integrity Lost podcast features an interview of Phil Stinson that was originally recorded for the Vocal Minority Report on May 24 2016.


Is Social Media A Gang? Toward A Selection, Facilitation, Or Enhancement Explanation Of Cyber Violence, Jillian K. Peterson, James Densley 2016 Hamline University

Is Social Media A Gang? Toward A Selection, Facilitation, Or Enhancement Explanation Of Cyber Violence, Jillian K. Peterson, James Densley

Jillian Peterson

This paper reviews the existing literature on the relationship between social media and violence. It explores the individual-level correlates and risk factors associated with cyber violence, the group processes involved in cyber violence, and the macro-level context of online aggression. Drawing on gang research, this paper concludes with a framework for reconciling conflicting levels of explanation and presents an agenda for future research that adopts a selection, facilitation, or enhancement framework for thinking about the casual or contingent role of social media in violent offending. Remaining empirical questions and new directions for future research are discussed.


Revitalizing The Ethnosphere: Global Society, Ethnodiversity, And The Stakes Of Cultural Genocide, Christopher Powell Ph.D. 2016 Ryerson University

Revitalizing The Ethnosphere: Global Society, Ethnodiversity, And The Stakes Of Cultural Genocide, Christopher Powell Ph.D.

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This paper uses the concepts of ethnosphere and ethnodiversity to frame the stakes of cultural genocide in the context of the emerging global society. We are in an era of rapid global ethnodiversity loss. Global ethnodiversity is important because different cultures produce different solutions to the subjective and objective problems of human society, and because cultures have an intrinsic value. Rapid ethnodiversity loss is a byproduct of the expansion of the modern world-system, and Lemkin’s invention of the concept of genocide can be understood as a dialectical reaction to this tendency. The current phase of globalization creates pressures towards ...


Review: 'High Risk And High Stakes: Health Professionals, Politics And Policy', Patrick G. Donnelly 2016 University of Dayton

Review: 'High Risk And High Stakes: Health Professionals, Politics And Policy', Patrick G. Donnelly

Patrick Donnelly

Many studies of the law and policy creation process examine the efforts of particular interest groups and coalitions to influence the views and votes of legislators. Wysong focuses on the role of professional associations, specifically associations of health care professionals, in the legislative debate over the High Risk Occupational Disease Notification and Prevention Act, an example of what is most commonly known as "right-to-know" legislation.

The ethical codes and service-oriented goals of professions suggest that associations of professionals might act differently than interest groups. Wysong shows that the core groups in debates over health and safety legislation recognize that their ...


Spots On A Gnat’S Ass, Good Soldiers, And Sociology Departments: Stan Saxton’S Pragmatist Approach To Sociology, Dan E. Miller, Fred P. Pestello, Patrick G. Donnelly 2016 University of Dayton

Spots On A Gnat’S Ass, Good Soldiers, And Sociology Departments: Stan Saxton’S Pragmatist Approach To Sociology, Dan E. Miller, Fred P. Pestello, Patrick G. Donnelly

Patrick Donnelly

Most academics build their careers and establish reputations in the traditional manner, through research and publications. Certainly, this is not the only way to secure a place in the lore of academia. Some are great teachers who gather a large following of students. Still others get involved in professional organizations. While Stan Saxton had a respectable record of publications, was a masterful teacher, and a marvelous critic, his notable contributions to sociology came through his organizational work as a chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Dayton. After his tenure as chair, Stan continued to ...


Residents' Efforts At Neighborhood Stabilization: Facing The Challenges Of Inner-City Neighborhoods, Patrick G. Donnelly, Theo J. Majka 2016 University of Dayton

Residents' Efforts At Neighborhood Stabilization: Facing The Challenges Of Inner-City Neighborhoods, Patrick G. Donnelly, Theo J. Majka

Patrick Donnelly

This paper examines the response of residents in one inner-city, racially, and economically diverse neighborhood to a sudden increase in crime, drugs and disorder. Rather than withdrawing, residents in this neighborhood responded by organizing a major collective effort to develop a stabilization plan for the neighborhood. Factors useful in understanding this atypical response include a citywide structure that encourages citizen participation, the city government's commitment to the neighborhood, a history of neighborhood activism, and residents' commitment to the neighborhood. A social movement perspective that examines the nature of successful social movement organizations, the political context of movement activities, and ...


Community Organizing, Environmental Change, And Neighborhood Crime, Patrick G. Donnelly, Charles E. Kimble 2016 University of Dayton

Community Organizing, Environmental Change, And Neighborhood Crime, Patrick G. Donnelly, Charles E. Kimble

Patrick Donnelly

This article addresses the effects of an urban neighborhood's response to a significant increase in crime, drugs, and other incivilities in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Residents organized a major effort to stabilize the neighborhood that included implementation of a defensible space plan. Comparisons of crime data and of residents' perceptions of crime between the pre- and postimplementation periods show significant improvements. The data provide greater support for the opportunity model of community crime prevention than for the community model. Cautions are provided regarding transplanting the same plan elsewhere.


“How Can You Live Without Your Kids?”: Distancing From And Embracing The Stigma Of “Incarcerated Mother”, Brittnie L. Aiello, Krista McQueeney 2016 Merrimack College

“How Can You Live Without Your Kids?”: Distancing From And Embracing The Stigma Of “Incarcerated Mother”, Brittnie L. Aiello, Krista Mcqueeney

Criminology Faculty Publications

This article examines how incarcerated mothers constructed moral identities in the face of stigma. Analyzing data from participant observation and 83 in-depth interviews with incarcerated mothers, we show that mothers claimed moral identities by distancing from the stigma of incarceration and/or embracing the identity of incarcerated mothers. Utilizing these strategies, women challenged the stigma of convicted felon/ bad mother and reinforced the assumptions that motherhood is compulsory and should be reserved for women with enough money and standing to give their children advantages. The implications for understanding motherhood as a mechanism of moral identity and social control are discussed.


Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Exploring Gender-Based Disparities In Legal Protection, Education, Health, Political Empowerment, And Employment In Failing And Fragile States, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

Gender inequalities in legal protection, education, health, employment, and political empowerment have been of special interest to researchers for many years. Hausmann, Tyson, and Zahidi (2010, p. 3) noted, “Although gender-based inequalities exist in the majority of the world's cultures, religions, nations, and income groups, there are differences in the way these disparities manifest themselves and how they evolve over time.” The degree of governmental stability is a salient aspect of the process through which gender-based disparities manifest. Although all citizens are doubtlessly affected when states fail, women are especially marginalized and experience governmental failure in a fundamentally different ...


The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould 2016 University of Albany

The Discipline Of Difference: Ethnolinguistic Heterogeneity And Corporal Punishment, Matthew Pete, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

The minority threat hypothesis contends that growth in the size of a given minority population along with the ensuing competition for social and political resources will threaten existing social power arrangements. Regarding punishment specifically, the hypothesis states that dominant groups will support coercive measures to keep minority populations sufficiently oppressed. Using the minority threat hypothesis as our theoretical foundation, we posit that the more heterogeneous a population, the more social control will be necessary to maintain societal equilibrium for those in power. In effect a more personal, physical, and visceral response to criminal behavior will be deemed necessary in countries ...


On The General Relationship Between Victimization And Offending: Examining Cultural Contingencies, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

On The General Relationship Between Victimization And Offending: Examining Cultural Contingencies, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

Culture has been implicated in a wide range of individual behaviors. However, empirical investigation of how culture impacts violent behavior is limited. In particular, the well-established finding that there is an overlap between offenders and victims has not been examined in a culturally comparative context - limiting the ability to generalize current findings across cultures.

Purpose

This study uses data from the second International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD-II), a large school-based sample of adolescents in grades 7-9, and three measures from the Hofstede Dimensions of National Culture dataset to investigate how culture might moderate the relationship between victimization and offending.

Methods ...


Cheating Around The World: A Cross-National Analysis Of Principal Reported Cheating, Bryan Lee Miller, Laura E. Agnich, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Cheating Around The World: A Cross-National Analysis Of Principal Reported Cheating, Bryan Lee Miller, Laura E. Agnich, Chad Posick, Laurie A. Gould

Laurie A. Gould

An increasing problem of great concern for academic institutions around the world is the pervasiveness of academic cheating among students. However, there is a dearth of prior research on cheating in cross-national contexts. The present study examines the relationships between structural measures of strain and principals’ reports of problematic cheating in schools across 35 nations, derived from the 2007 Trends in International Math and Science Studies survey. The study employs multilevel logistic regression analysis to evaluate whether indicators of economic disadvantage, educational achievement, and educational inequalities influence the level of problematic cheating reported by school principals cross-nationally. Additionally, we identify ...


Risk And Revocation In Community Corrections: The Influence Of Gender, Laurie A. Gould, Matthew Pate, Mary Sarver 2016 Georgia Southern University

Risk And Revocation In Community Corrections: The Influence Of Gender, Laurie A. Gould, Matthew Pate, Mary Sarver

Laurie A. Gould

Actuarial risk assessment instruments have become integral to the functioning of the correctional systems in North America, the United Kingdom, and many other parts of the world. While research on the classification of female offenders has been ongoing since the 1980s, there is still more work to be done. Adding to the growing body of literature, the present study analyses agency records from a Community Supervision Department located in a Southwestern state in the United States. Findings reveal the Wisconsin Risk/Needs Assessment instrument has predictive validity for both male and female probationers. Further, successful completion rates for males and ...


Psychological Victimization Among College Students, Shanna Felix, Christina Policastro, Laura E. Agnich, Laurie Gould 2016 Georgia Southern University

Psychological Victimization Among College Students, Shanna Felix, Christina Policastro, Laura E. Agnich, Laurie Gould

Laurie A. Gould

According to the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, approximately 1 in 5 women and 1 in 7 men will experience stalking, physical violence, and/or rape by an intimate partner in their lifetimes, and almost half of U.S. men and women have been the victim of psychological abuse by an intimate during their lives (Black et al. 2011). These behaviors can be considered as indicative of ‘‘coercive control,’’ a pattern of abusive behavior that can lead a victimized person to feel trapped in an intimate relationship characterized by a loss of power and control (see Stark ...


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