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Should We Talk?: Examining Individual And Aggregate Level Predictors Of Mediation Selection At The New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board, Cynthia-Lee Williams 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Should We Talk?: Examining Individual And Aggregate Level Predictors Of Mediation Selection At The New York City Civilian Complaint Review Board, Cynthia-Lee Williams

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Currently, there are few studies that examine mediation programs within civilian complaint review boards. Research that analyzes these programs mainly focus on the degree of citizen satisfaction. This study adds to existing research by examining possible individual and aggregate-level characteristics linked to mediation selection. Specifically, this study considers the long standing tensions shared between the police and certain groups (e.g. minorities, youths, and residents of disadvantaged communities), and attempts to uncover which groups are more or less likely to meet with officers to resolve police complaints. The data (obtained by the CCRB and US Census 2010) allows for the ...


Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho 2016 East Tennessee State University

Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on correctional officers’ values and perceptions of their workplace, the people they work with and for, and members of the general public. Although prior research has investigated correctional staff members’ feelings about their occupation, far fewer studies have implemented a comprehensive qualitative, microsociological approach. The author conducted 20 in-depth interviews with current and former correctional officers (COs) in public-supported facilities. Additional data were collected through two public Facebook pages designated for COs and citizens interested in the criminal justice system. The study offers insights about the significance of COs’ feelings about their work and how the correctional ...


Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Adolescent crime is a major issue confronting not only the criminal justice system and the general public, but researchers as well. Studies of criminal careers reveal several possible factors explaining persistent offending. At one time, labeling theory was a popular explanation for continued deviance, but a lack of empirical support and conceptual objections soon made the theory unpopular. In this analysis, labeling theory is integrated with other theories and then re-considered as an explanation for persistent youth crime. The primary contention here is that formal legal sanctioning---in the form of involvement with the police, courts, and correctional agencies---may, ironically, operate ...


Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Adolescent crime is a major issue confronting not only the criminal justice system and the general public, but researchers as well. Studies of criminal careers reveal several possible factors explaining persistent offending. At one time, labeling theory was a popular explanation for continued deviance, but a lack of empirical support and conceptual objections soon made the theory unpopular. In this analysis, labeling theory is integrated with other theories and then re-considered as an explanation for persistent youth crime. The primary contention here is that formal legal sanctioning---in the form of involvement with the police, courts, and correctional agencies---may, ironically, operate ...


The Ostrich Instruction: Deliberate Ignorance As A Criminal Mens Rea, Ira P. Robbins 2016 Selected Works

The Ostrich Instruction: Deliberate Ignorance As A Criminal Mens Rea, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

No abstract provided.


Managed Health Care In Prisons As Cruel And Unusual Punishment, Ira P. Robbins 2016 Selected Works

Managed Health Care In Prisons As Cruel And Unusual Punishment, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

No abstract provided.


Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes 2016 University of Rhode Island

Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Fish, Christine Stark 2016 Author and Visual Artist

Fish, Christine Stark

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Democratizing Criminal Law: Feasibility, Utility, And The Challenge Of Social Change, Paul H. Robinson 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Democratizing Criminal Law: Feasibility, Utility, And The Challenge Of Social Change, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship

The notion of “democratizing criminal law” has an initial appeal because, after all, we believe in the importance of democracy and because criminal law is so important – it protects us from the most egregious wrongs and is the vehicle by which we allow the most serious governmental intrusions in the lives of individuals. Given criminal law’s special status, isn’t it appropriate that this most important and most intrusive governmental power be subject to the constraints of democratic determination?

But perhaps the initial appeal of this grand principle must give way to practical realities. As much as we are ...


The New Community Policing: Developing A Partnership-Based Theoretical Foundation, Adam J. McKee, Andre' L. Lewis 2016 University of Arkansas-Monticello

The New Community Policing: Developing A Partnership-Based Theoretical Foundation, Adam J. Mckee, Andre' L. Lewis

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

This paper presents a Partnership Model of Community Policing based on Partnership concepts developed by Riane Eisler and undergirded by Cultural Transformation Theory as a guiding principle (1987, 2010, 2013). This model is more reflective of the daily lived experiences of community police officers. It is culturally relevant and based on the whole of the police officer’s relationship with the community within the context in which the interactions occur. This "New Community Policing" is an extension of Riane Eisler’s Cultural Transformation Theory and is an attempt to answer her call for a movement towards a partnership model of ...


University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

No abstract provided.


Human Behaviour I Workbook For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson 2016 Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Human Behaviour I Workbook For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson

All Faculty Scholarship

The Human Behaviour I Workbook for Public Safety Communicators is specifically written to assist trainees in the field of Public Safety Communications learn inclusive techniques for diverse audiences, including the elderly, young children, the mentally, and emotionally disadvantaged, as well as those members of our community with language barriers. Topics include how to recognize and deal effectively with occupational, organizational, and event-related stress on a personal level through journal writing and personal reflection. . This Canadian textbook is part of the Public Safety Communications program at Kwantlen Polytechnic University.


Juvenile Prostitution: An Exploration In Gendered Theory, Kelli Reynolds 2016 Bridgewater State University

Juvenile Prostitution: An Exploration In Gendered Theory, Kelli Reynolds

Master’s Theses and Projects

The purpose of this study is to investigate the ways in which juvenile females enter into prostitution. This theoretical analysis will assess support for existing explanations of delinquency and prostitution of female juveniles using secondary data sources. This secondary data source is pulled from a survey of 114 adjudicated delinquent girls in South Carolina, which was collected in 2014. A comprehensive review of the literature regarding juvenile prostitution will include perspectives on polyvictimization and cumulative trauma as well as the history of prostitution. These concepts will be supported further by discussing current research and survey data. The specific focus of ...


Human Behaviour Ii For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson 2016 Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Human Behaviour Ii For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson

All Faculty Scholarship

Human Behaviour II for Public Safety Communicators surveys psychological disorders, social disobedience and victimization emphasized from the perspective of public safety communicators. The text details stress management techniques to deal with: critical incident stress, shiftwork, media stress, and sleep disorders. There are practical insights into different types of behaviours and the effects from interaction with a diverse group of callers in emergency call centres. Call takers and dispatchers dealing with complex situations involving violence and abuse are covered in a practical manner. This Canadian textbook is part of the Public Safety Communications program at Kwantlen Polytechnic University.


Care, Control, Or Criminalization? Discourses On Homelessness And Social Responses, Lindsey L. Upton 2016 Old Dominion University

Care, Control, Or Criminalization? Discourses On Homelessness And Social Responses, Lindsey L. Upton

Sociology & Criminal Justice Theses & Dissertations

There has been a resurgence of political and media interest in homelessness, particularly in major urban areas throughout the United States. This interest is credited to a number of cities that declared a State of Emergency (SOE) due to their homelessness crisis in 2015. The motivation to declare homelessness as an urgent priority of local politics assists cities in temporarily overcoming longstanding budget and bureaucratic barriers. Undoubtedly, the criminal justice system is part of social response following a declared SOE, and homelessness is not an exception. Little attention has explored the historical, social, and political processes of problematizing homelessness from ...


Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Identifying victims of sex trafficking can be challenging for law enforcement. To determine how victims were identified in cases of sex trafficking that resulted in criminal charges, this study analyzed the records from prosecuted cases of sex trafficking to determine how the victims were identified. The analysis used primary documents, including police narratives, witness statements, indictments, plea bargains, and sentencing memoranda retrieved from the Superior Court and the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22 cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers. In these cases, at least 30 victims were identified. The public ...


Bullying Prevention In New York City Public Schools: School Safety Agents' Perceptions Of Their Roles, Gabriel R. Paez 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bullying Prevention In New York City Public Schools: School Safety Agents' Perceptions Of Their Roles, Gabriel R. Paez

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Research on school-based bullying gives little attention to how school-based law enforcement personnel perceive their roles while addressing alleged and real acts of bullying, and whether their roles influence their decisions to get involved in instances of bullying. Since research neglects to assess the extent to which personal and contextual factors of law enforcement personnel assigned to schools affect how they perceive themselves in this role and their degree of involvement in instances of bullying, this study addresses two questions:

(1) How do New York City Police Department School Safety Agents (SSAs) in NYC public schools perceive their roles in ...


Mandated Anger Management From The Perspective Of Violent Offenders, Cory M. Feldman 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Mandated Anger Management From The Perspective Of Violent Offenders, Cory M. Feldman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Anger management is a mandated treatment for violent offenders (VOs) in Harlem, New York returning from prison under parole supervision. This dissertation asks VOs to describe their experiences with parole-mandated anger management (AM). The objectives of this research are to help illuminate the reasons why anger management is mandated for VOs and why, for some, mandated AM may be potentially harmful to their reintegration. To date, there have not been any studies exploring the role of AM for people on parole charged with violent offenses; the extant literature on AM provides neither formal evaluations nor long-term follow-up to indicate what ...


New Approaches To Data-Driven Civilian Oversight Of Law Enforcement: An Introduction To The Second Nacole/Cjpr Special Issue, Daniel L. Stageman, Nicole M. Napolitano PhD, Brian Buchner 2016 CUNY John Jay College

New Approaches To Data-Driven Civilian Oversight Of Law Enforcement: An Introduction To The Second Nacole/Cjpr Special Issue, Daniel L. Stageman, Nicole M. Napolitano Phd, Brian Buchner

Publications and Research

In April of 2016, National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) and John Jay College partnered to sponsor the Academic Symposium “Building Public Trust: Generating Evidence to Enhance Police Accountability and Legitimacy.” This essay introduces the Criminal Justice Policy Review Special Issue featuring peer-reviewed, empirical research papers first presented at the Symposium. We provide context for the Symposium in relation to contemporary national discourse on police accountability and legitimacy. In addition, we review each of the papers presented at the Symposium, and provide in-depth reviews of each of the manuscripts included in the Special Issue.


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