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An Analysis Of The Parental Structure And Involvement On Subsequent Delinquency, Bosco Villavicencio Jr 2020 CUNY John Jay College

An Analysis Of The Parental Structure And Involvement On Subsequent Delinquency, Bosco Villavicencio Jr

Student Theses

This thesis examines how parental involvement and family structure relate to the prevalence of juvenile delinquency. To answer the research question, the current study used a large sample of 12th grade youth (n=1,272) from the Monitoring the Future project which includes measures on parental involvement, household structure, academic abilities, and risky behavior and delinquent behavior. The results of this secondary analysis showed a significant association between parental-child involvement measures and the delinquent outcomes examined; drinking, suspension, and skipping school. This study emphasizes the need to consider that the impact of household structure as well as that of ...


Work–Family Conflict In Low-Income Households, Maritza G. Hiciano Ramos 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Work–Family Conflict In Low-Income Households, Maritza G. Hiciano Ramos

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The United States is the only country not offering paid parental leave. Paid leave is left at the discretion of employers and only a few states offer Paid Family Leave benefits. The FMLA was established to protect workers from losing their jobs in case they needed to care for an elderly person or for their children. However, since value is not placed in family structures there has not been much development in that area. The FMLA fails to account for the grand majority of people in the U.S., especially those of lower socioeconomic status. Moreover, the vast inequalities that ...


La Mera Verdad: Exploring Immigrant Latino Fatherhood, Jessica Martinez 2020 California State University – San Bernardino

La Mera Verdad: Exploring Immigrant Latino Fatherhood, Jessica Martinez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to gain a better understanding of the current experiences of immigrant Latino fathers and their families in Southern California, and to examine the barriers and facilitators that impacted their paternal involvement. The literature suggests that father-absence diminishes the ability of a child to thrive in life and yet immigrant Latino fathers are more at risk of all the factors that lead to father-absence, such as poverty and other added stressors. Likewise, these fathers have been noted to experience a lack of fathering in their childhood, which speaks on generational trauma creating the father wound ...


The Dark Triad And Honesty-Humility: A Preliminary Study On The Relations To Pornography Use, Peter Muris, Henry Otgaar, Cor Meesters, Eirini Papasileka, David Pineda 2020 Maastricht University, The Netherlands

The Dark Triad And Honesty-Humility: A Preliminary Study On The Relations To Pornography Use, Peter Muris, Henry Otgaar, Cor Meesters, Eirini Papasileka, David Pineda

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

The present article reports on a preliminary study exploring the relationships between Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy) and honesty-humility personality traits and pornography craving and deviant pornography use in a sample of 121 participants (46 men and 75 women) who completed an online survey. Narcissism and psychopathy were positively related to pornography craving and deviant pornography consumption, while honesty-humility appeared to be negatively associated with these pornography-related variables. Furthermore, the data suggested that these relationships were only present in men and not in women. While the current results should be interpreted with caution in the light of a number of ...


Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: What Is It Good For?, Herbert L. Smith 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: What Is It Good For?, Herbert L. Smith

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

If you know when someone was born, and you know what time it is, you know how old they are. If you know how old someone is and when they were born, you know the date on which they are being observed. If you know someone’s age as of a given time, you know when they were born. These are ineluctable features of algebra (age ≡ period – cohort) and geometry, as reflected in the Lexis diagram (Chauvel 2014, 384-389). There are many ways that one can turn the problem (e.g., cohort ≡ period – age) and thus many alternative forms of ...


Assessing Child Care Capacity In Polk County, Racheal Sallee, Alicia Vidana 2020 Oregon Health and Science University

Assessing Child Care Capacity In Polk County, Racheal Sallee, Alicia Vidana

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

There is an inadequate amount of child care services in Polk County making it a child care desert. The project aimed to create a snapshot of child care needs by gathering data from parents, employers, and child care providers. Data was obtained through child care focus groups, meeting with community stakeholders, researching CINAHL and PubMed, and conducting a community survey. An English and Spanish survey was sent out through email to those who live or work in Polk County. According to survey results, 88.8% of parents agreed there was a lack of sufficient child care services. Parents reported that ...


Rural Poverty And Disability In Lmics, Raghav Gaiha, Shantanu Mathur, Vani S. Kulkarni 2020 University of Pennsylvania, GDI University of Manchester

Rural Poverty And Disability In Lmics, Raghav Gaiha, Shantanu Mathur, Vani S. Kulkarni

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Disability is neither a purely medical nor a purely social phenomenon. Rather, it is an outcome of their interplay. The main contributions of our study are two-fold: (i) a synthesis of the extant literature on the links between poverty and disability in LMICs. However, the studies focused on these links in rural areas are sparse. (ii) As rural economies-specifically, agriculture- continue to play an important role in economic growth, it is necessary to deepen our understanding of factors associated with rural disabilities, their association with rural employment and, finally, whether disabilities are associated with rural poverty. We use panel data ...


Pre-Professional College Women’S Perceptions Of The Social Implications Of Company Sponsored Fertility Postponement, Jordane Schooley 2020 University of San Diego

Pre-Professional College Women’S Perceptions Of The Social Implications Of Company Sponsored Fertility Postponement, Jordane Schooley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Large corporations, such as Apple and Google, as well as other tech companies, began incorporating fertility postponement in their health benefits to employees through the form of egg freezing and in-vitro fertilization starting in 2014. While some research exists looking at the implications of this policy for women in the workforce, little attention has been given to the perspective of young women about to enter the workforce. This research examines the perceptions of pre-professional women on the implications of potential future employers offering them egg freezing and IVF benefits, revealing contradictory feelings towards such policies. Since these women are in ...


Let The Men Go Home, Gwyn Yukon 2020 Brigham Young University

Let The Men Go Home, Gwyn Yukon

Marriott Student Review

Americans have a growing concern for work-family balance, and for gender equity issues in the workplace. Today, gender roles are being challenged and men are encouraged to take more active role as fathers. However, many men refuse to take paternity leave or are stigmatized if they take time off. This article synthesizes current literature and findings on the benefits of paternity leave.


Changes In Early Labor Market Outcomes Among Young College Graduates In South Korea, Jaesung Choi, Hannah Bae 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Changes In Early Labor Market Outcomes Among Young College Graduates In South Korea, Jaesung Choi, Hannah Bae

Korean Millennials Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Struggles, Coping Mechanisms, And Insights Of Childless Teachers In The Philippines: A Descriptive Phenomenological Approach, Randy Ale Tudy, Ida G. Tudy 2020 Cor Jesu College

Struggles, Coping Mechanisms, And Insights Of Childless Teachers In The Philippines: A Descriptive Phenomenological Approach, Randy Ale Tudy, Ida G. Tudy

The Qualitative Report

The phenomenon of childlessness has elicited interest among professionals all over the world. However, this phenomenon received little interest, particularly in the Philippine context. The purpose of this study was to describe the struggles, coping mechanisms, and insights of childless teachers in the Philippines. We employed a descriptive phenomenological research design. Ten childless teachers participated in the semi-structured key informant interview (KII), and the data were analyzed using Colaizzi’s method. Results revealed the following themes: embarrassment, incompleteness, and pressures for their struggles; escapism and optimism for their coping mechanism; and work commitment and acceptance for their insights. Although being ...


Multigenerational Perceptions Of The Law Enforcement Work Environment, William K. Akin 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Multigenerational Perceptions Of The Law Enforcement Work Environment, William K. Akin

Ed.D. Dissertations

Leaders struggle to address shifting characteristics between generational cohorts in a multigenerational workforce. Research has shown that law enforcement culture supports an antiquated approach to leadership and that popular generational stereotypes are not consistent with behaviors in the workplace. This research was designed to help the law enforcement community understand generational values, beliefs, and work ethics, and to recommend ways to reduce generational stereotypes, address employee shortages, and improve the overall connection to their communities. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II was used in an online survey to anonymously collect data from 441 law enforcement participants within the Baby Boomer, Generation ...


Unplanned Pregnancy In The Mississippi Delta: Causes And Implications, Julia Grant 2020 University of Mississippi

Unplanned Pregnancy In The Mississippi Delta: Causes And Implications, Julia Grant

Honors Theses

This study seeks to understand the causes and implications of the abundance of adolescent pregnancy in the region known as the Mississippi Delta, where teenage childbearing is among the highest in the nation. To do so, this study reports and analyzes twelve interviews with young, African American, single mothers conducted by the author in the summer of 2019. This study relies on a narrative approach to research and analysis and employs the theoretical framework of Afrocentrism. As a result of the interviews, the author concludes that a blatant lack of sex education in the region is a powerful influence on ...


“You Feel Like You Belong Nowhere”: Conflict-Related Sexual Violence And Social Identity In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Myriam Denov, Laura Eramian, Meaghan C. Shevell 2020 McGill University

“You Feel Like You Belong Nowhere”: Conflict-Related Sexual Violence And Social Identity In Post-Genocide Rwanda, Myriam Denov, Laura Eramian, Meaghan C. Shevell

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Globally, the systematic use of sexual violence in modern warfare has resulted in the birth of thousands of children. Research has begun to focus on this often invisible group and the obstacles they face, including stigma, discrimination and exclusion based on their birth origins. Although sexual violence during the Rwandan genocide has been documented on a massive scale, little research has focused on the relational dynamics between mothers who experienced genocide rape and the children they bore. This paper explores the post-genocide realities of these two under-explored populations, revealing two key tensions in relation to identity-building and belonging. Drawing upon ...


Understanding Early Childhood Engineering Interest Development As A Family-Level Systems Phenomenon: Findings From The Head Start On Engineering Project, Scott Pattison, Gina Svarovsky, Smirla Ramos-Montañez, Ivel Gontan, Shannon Weiss, Verónika Núñez, Pam Corrie, Cynthia Smith, Marcie Benne 2020 TERC

Understanding Early Childhood Engineering Interest Development As A Family-Level Systems Phenomenon: Findings From The Head Start On Engineering Project, Scott Pattison, Gina Svarovsky, Smirla Ramos-MontañEz, Ivel Gontan, Shannon Weiss, VeróNika NúÑEz, Pam Corrie, Cynthia Smith, Marcie Benne

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

There is growing recognition that interest is critical for engaging and supporting learners from diverse communities in engineering and other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) topics. Although interest research has historically focused on older children, studies demonstrate that preschool-age and younger children also develop persistent, individualized interests in different objects, activities, and topics and that these early interests have important implications for ongoing learning and development. Unfortunately, there is relatively little research on engineering learning in early childhood and almost no work specific to the concept of interest. To begin to address this need, we conducted in-depth case study ...


Examining Relationships Between Early Childcare Teachers' Adult Attachment Orientations And Quality Of Interaction In The Infant Classroom, Alexandra Morris Benoit 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Examining Relationships Between Early Childcare Teachers' Adult Attachment Orientations And Quality Of Interaction In The Infant Classroom, Alexandra Morris Benoit

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Over the past several decades, women have entered the workforce in increasing numbers. This has led to the majority of infants and young children being cared for outside of the home by extra-familial caregivers. Research has shown the benefits that quality childcare can have on the developmental trajectories of children, as well as the detrimental effects that can be seen when children experience low quality care. Further, children are particularly vulnerable in the first year of life when they are establishing attachment bonds with their primary caregivers. With the long hours that many spend in the care of childcare workers ...


Pike And Attwoods' "Neurodiverse Relationships: Autistic And Neurotypical Partners Share Their Experiences" (Book Review), Jaclyn Lee Parrott 2020 Eastern Washington University

Pike And Attwoods' "Neurodiverse Relationships: Autistic And Neurotypical Partners Share Their Experiences" (Book Review), Jaclyn Lee Parrott

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


James' "The Science Of Parenting Adopted Children: A Brain-Based, Trauma-Informed Approach To Cultivating Your Child’S Social, Emotional, And Moral Development" (Book Review), Nathanael Davis 2020 Cedarville University

James' "The Science Of Parenting Adopted Children: A Brain-Based, Trauma-Informed Approach To Cultivating Your Child’S Social, Emotional, And Moral Development" (Book Review), Nathanael Davis

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Grewe's "Time To Talk About Dying: How Clergy And Chaplains Can Help Senior Adults Prepare For A Good Death" (Book Review), Armand Ternak 2020 Tocca Falls College

Grewe's "Time To Talk About Dying: How Clergy And Chaplains Can Help Senior Adults Prepare For A Good Death" (Book Review), Armand Ternak

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Gordon-Lennox's "Crafting Meaningful Wedding Rituals: A Practical Guide" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan 2020 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

Gordon-Lennox's "Crafting Meaningful Wedding Rituals: A Practical Guide" (Book Review), Elizabeth A. Nolan

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


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