An Ecological Approach For Social Work Practice,
Western Michigan University
An Ecological Approach For Social Work Practice, Pardeck
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
The ecological approach offers a comprehensive theoretical base that social practitioners can draw upon for effective social treatment. The critical concepts of the ecological approach are presented. It is suggested that the ecological perspective can be a useful treatment strategy for improving the social functioning of the client system.
The Functions Of The Social Bond,
Cleveland State University
The Functions Of The Social Bond, James J. Chriss
Sociology & Criminology Faculty Publications
Travis Hirschi's control or social bonding theory argues that those persons who have strong and abiding attachments to conventional society (in the form of attachments, involvement, investment, and belief) are less likely to deviate than persons who have weak or shallow bonds. Later, Gottfredson and Hirschi moved away from the social bond as the primary factor in deviance, and toward an emphasis on self-control. In short, low self-control is associated with higher levels of deviance and criminality irrespective of the strength or weakness of one's social bonds. In this article I argue that Talcott Parsons' AGIL schema easily ...
Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice,
Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice, Blakely, Gregory M. Dziadosz
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
This article describes the experience of a social work mental health agency with Social Role Theory (SRT), that is an organizing concept for the delivery of its assessment and treatment program. SRT has been called the process variable of the program, meaning how services are delivered. Social functioning, a concept taken from SRT, is a treatment outcome. The overall purposes of the article are to describe the contribution of sociology to social work practice, and to advance the argument that social functioning is a common base for social work practice generally.
A Simple Introduction To The Practice Of Ethnography And Guide To Ethnographic Fieldnotes,
A Simple Introduction To The Practice Of Ethnography And Guide To Ethnographic Fieldnotes, Brian Hoey
Brian A Hoey
In this article, I will provide a simple introduction to the practice of ethnographic fieldwork. Ethnographic approaches, while born of the work conducted by anthropologists over one hundred years ago, are increasingly employed by researchers and others from a variety of backgrounds and for a multitude of purposes from the academic to the applied and even the commercial. In this article, I will provide an introduction intended for those new to this approach but who have already had some basic experience or training. I also provide a discussion of the centrality of fieldnotes to the conduct of this very personally ...
Theories Of Public Opinion,
University of Washington
Theories Of Public Opinion, Patricia Moy, Brandon Bosch
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
While the issue of citizen competency has vexed scholars throughout history, the modern concepts of a mass public and mass media are relatively new. Beginning with the seminal works of Lippmann and Dewey, we chart the evolving theories of public opinion, from the "hypodermic needle" model of the early twentieth century to the more psychologically oriented approach to media effects of today. We argue that in addition to understanding how audiences process media content, theories of public opinion must account for how media content is constructed and disseminated, which is complicated by the ever-changing nature of our media landscape.
Smartphones And Face-To-Face Interactions: Extending Goffman To 21st Century Conversation,
University of New Orleans
Smartphones And Face-To-Face Interactions: Extending Goffman To 21st Century Conversation, Omar Bradley Ictech Ii
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
The Smartphone is a technological innovation that has transformed for the better how billions of people live by enabling them to transcend time and space to remain socially connected to potentially millions of others despite being thousands of miles apart. Although smartphones help people connect from a distance, there has been much concern about how they affect face-to-face interactions. This study explored, drawing on Goffmanian concepts, how and why smartphones affect face-to-face encounters. The findings show there are three types of smartphone cross-talk: exclusive, semi-exclusive, and collaborative. With the addition of smartphone play and solo smartphone activity, interactants can engage ...
Criminological Theory As Represented In Music Lyrics,
Florida Southern College
Criminological Theory As Represented In Music Lyrics, Arielle Hollman
Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research
This is a brief summary of several criminological theories and the analysis of song lyrics that represent these theories. The theories discussed include rational choice, social learning, subculture, and anomie-strain. The analyzed lyrics included verses from Busta Rhymes’s “In the Ghetto,” Jay-Z’s “Never Change,” Mobb Deep’s “Survival of the Fittest,” Lil’ Flip’s “My Block,” Wu Tang Clan’s “The City,” and Talib Kweli’s “Get By.” This may be used as a resource for criminology students, professors, or anyone interested in unorthodox presentations of criminological theory.
Towards The Development Of Theory: Cultural Pluralism Redefined,
San Diego State University
Towards The Development Of Theory: Cultural Pluralism Redefined, Pantoja, Wilhelmina Perry, Barbara Blourock
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
The authors are attempting to move beyond the descriptive position, evidenced in the current writing, towards a theoretical approach to cultural pluralism. A series of definitions are presented concluding with the authors' definition of cultural pluralism - redefined. The new definition is discussed, as an operational concept, emanating from participants in the new cultural pluralism movement.
The current societal conditions that impede the realization of cultural pluralism are discussed in relation to a conceptual model, Criteria for Assigning Preferred or Unpreferred Status, that is used to explain our society's idealization of certain personal, social, and economic characteristics.
The authors conclude ...
The Influences Of Thai Buddhist Culture On Cultivating Compassionate Relationships With Equanimity Between Nurses, Patients And Relatives : A Grounded Theory Approach,
Southern Cross University
The Influences Of Thai Buddhist Culture On Cultivating Compassionate Relationships With Equanimity Between Nurses, Patients And Relatives : A Grounded Theory Approach, Tippamas Chinnawong
Thai Buddhist people, especially elderly patients, usually apply Buddhist teachings to deal with illness and death. This grounded theory research was developed to explore the influences of Buddhist culture on nurse-patient-relative relationships in Thailand. The purposes were to highlight the importance of the spiritual dimension in nursing care and examine ways in which nurses can use Buddhist principles to improve nursing care. Seventeen registered nurses, 14 patients and 16 relatives were purposely selected. The semi-structured interviews and audio tape recording took place in Thailand from October 2003 to March 2004. Three steps of analysis: open, axial and selective coding (Strauss ...
The American Dream: A Theoretical Approach To Understanding Consumer Capitalism,
The American Dream: A Theoretical Approach To Understanding Consumer Capitalism, Cindy Dermo
Sociological Imagination: Western’s Undergraduate Sociology Student Journal
The term ’American dream’ was coined by James Truslow Adams in The Epic of America (1931). Adams, writing of Americanism as embodied in the founders, stated that “it is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable…” In exploring the American Dream from a theoretical perspective, this paper moves from the puritan capitalist values encapsulated by Weber which laid the foundation for consumption to the critical perspective Horkheimer in late ...