An Ecological Approach For Social Work Practice,
Western Michigan University
An Ecological Approach For Social Work Practice, Pardeck
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
The ecological approach offers a comprehensive theoretical base that social practitioners can draw upon for effective social treatment. The critical concepts of the ecological approach are presented. It is suggested that the ecological perspective can be a useful treatment strategy for improving the social functioning of the client system.
A Simple Introduction To The Practice Of Ethnography And Guide To Ethnographic Fieldnotes,
A Simple Introduction To The Practice Of Ethnography And Guide To Ethnographic Fieldnotes, Brian Hoey
Brian A Hoey
In this article, I will provide a simple introduction to the practice of ethnographic fieldwork. Ethnographic approaches, while born of the work conducted by anthropologists over one hundred years ago, are increasingly employed by researchers and others from a variety of backgrounds and for a multitude of purposes from the academic to the applied and even the commercial. In this article, I will provide an introduction intended for those new to this approach but who have already had some basic experience or training. I also provide a discussion of the centrality of fieldnotes to the conduct of this very personally ...
Theories Of Public Opinion,
University of Washington
Theories Of Public Opinion, Patricia Moy, Brandon Bosch
Sociology Department, Faculty Publications
While the issue of citizen competency has vexed scholars throughout history, the modern concepts of a mass public and mass media are relatively new. Beginning with the seminal works of Lippmann and Dewey, we chart the evolving theories of public opinion, from the "hypodermic needle" model of the early twentieth century to the more psychologically oriented approach to media effects of today. We argue that in addition to understanding how audiences process media content, theories of public opinion must account for how media content is constructed and disseminated, which is complicated by the ever-changing nature of our media landscape.
The Functions Of The Social Bond,
Cleveland State University
The Functions Of The Social Bond, James J. Chriss
Sociology & Criminology Faculty Publications
Travis Hirschi's control or social bonding theory argues that those persons who have strong and abiding attachments to conventional society (in the form of attachments, involvement, investment, and belief) are less likely to deviate than persons who have weak or shallow bonds. Later, Gottfredson and Hirschi moved away from the social bond as the primary factor in deviance, and toward an emphasis on self-control. In short, low self-control is associated with higher levels of deviance and criminality irrespective of the strength or weakness of one's social bonds. In this article I argue that Talcott Parsons' AGIL schema easily ...
Smartphones And Face-To-Face Interactions: Extending Goffman To 21st Century Conversation,
University of New Orleans
Smartphones And Face-To-Face Interactions: Extending Goffman To 21st Century Conversation, Omar Bradley Ictech Ii
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
The Smartphone is a technological innovation that has transformed for the better how billions of people live by enabling them to transcend time and space to remain socially connected to potentially millions of others despite being thousands of miles apart. Although smartphones help people connect from a distance, there has been much concern about how they affect face-to-face interactions. This study explored, drawing on Goffmanian concepts, how and why smartphones affect face-to-face encounters. The findings show there are three types of smartphone cross-talk: exclusive, semi-exclusive, and collaborative. With the addition of smartphone play and solo smartphone activity, interactants can engage ...
Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice,
Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice, Blakely, Gregory M. Dziadosz
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
This article describes the experience of a social work mental health agency with Social Role Theory (SRT), that is an organizing concept for the delivery of its assessment and treatment program. SRT has been called the process variable of the program, meaning how services are delivered. Social functioning, a concept taken from SRT, is a treatment outcome. The overall purposes of the article are to describe the contribution of sociology to social work practice, and to advance the argument that social functioning is a common base for social work practice generally.
The Long-Durée Entanglement Between Islamophobia And Racism In The Modern/Colonial Capitalist/Patriarchal World-System: An Introduction,
University of California - Berkeley
The Long-Durée Entanglement Between Islamophobia And Racism In The Modern/Colonial Capitalist/Patriarchal World-System: An Introduction, Ramón Grosfoguel, Eric Mielants
Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge
The first part of this essay discusses Islamophobia as a form of racism in a world-historical perspective. The second part is a discussion of Islamophobia as a form of cultural racism. The third part is on Islamophobia as Orientalism. The fourth part is Islamophobia as epistemic racism, while the final part is an example of this using the case of European Islamic Philosopher and Theologian, Tariq Ramadan. It is argued that Islamophobia as a form of racism against Muslim people is not only manifested in the labor market, education, public sphere, global war against terrorism, or the global economy, but ...
The American Dream: A Theoretical Approach To Understanding Consumer Capitalism,
The American Dream: A Theoretical Approach To Understanding Consumer Capitalism, Cindy Dermo
Sociological Imagination: Western’s Undergraduate Sociology Student Journal
The term ’American dream’ was coined by James Truslow Adams in The Epic of America (1931). Adams, writing of Americanism as embodied in the founders, stated that “it is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable…” In exploring the American Dream from a theoretical perspective, this paper moves from the puritan capitalist values encapsulated by Weber which laid the foundation for consumption to the critical perspective Horkheimer in late ...
Towards The Development Of Theory: Cultural Pluralism Redefined,
San Diego State University
Towards The Development Of Theory: Cultural Pluralism Redefined, Pantoja, Wilhelmina Perry, Barbara Blourock
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare
The authors are attempting to move beyond the descriptive position, evidenced in the current writing, towards a theoretical approach to cultural pluralism. A series of definitions are presented concluding with the authors' definition of cultural pluralism - redefined. The new definition is discussed, as an operational concept, emanating from participants in the new cultural pluralism movement.
The current societal conditions that impede the realization of cultural pluralism are discussed in relation to a conceptual model, Criteria for Assigning Preferred or Unpreferred Status, that is used to explain our society's idealization of certain personal, social, and economic characteristics.
The authors conclude ...
Criminological Theory As Represented In Music Lyrics,
Florida Southern College
Criminological Theory As Represented In Music Lyrics, Arielle Hollman
Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research
This is a brief summary of several criminological theories and the analysis of song lyrics that represent these theories. The theories discussed include rational choice, social learning, subculture, and anomie-strain. The analyzed lyrics included verses from Busta Rhymes’s “In the Ghetto,” Jay-Z’s “Never Change,” Mobb Deep’s “Survival of the Fittest,” Lil’ Flip’s “My Block,” Wu Tang Clan’s “The City,” and Talib Kweli’s “Get By.” This may be used as a resource for criminology students, professors, or anyone interested in unorthodox presentations of criminological theory.