Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1444 Full-Text Articles 1243 Authors 481807 Downloads 125 Institutions

All Articles in Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance

Faceted Search

1444 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho 2016 East Tennessee State University

Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on correctional officers’ values and perceptions of their workplace, the people they work with and for, and members of the general public. Although prior research has investigated correctional staff members’ feelings about their occupation, far fewer studies have implemented a comprehensive qualitative, microsociological approach. The author conducted 20 in-depth interviews with current and former correctional officers (COs) in public-supported facilities. Additional data were collected through two public Facebook pages designated for COs and citizens interested in the criminal justice system. The study offers insights about the significance of COs’ feelings about their work and how the correctional ...


Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Adolescent crime is a major issue confronting not only the criminal justice system and the general public, but researchers as well. Studies of criminal careers reveal several possible factors explaining persistent offending. At one time, labeling theory was a popular explanation for continued deviance, but a lack of empirical support and conceptual objections soon made the theory unpopular. In this analysis, labeling theory is integrated with other theories and then re-considered as an explanation for persistent youth crime. The primary contention here is that formal legal sanctioning---in the form of involvement with the police, courts, and correctional agencies---may, ironically, operate ...


Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Adolescent crime is a major issue confronting not only the criminal justice system and the general public, but researchers as well. Studies of criminal careers reveal several possible factors explaining persistent offending. At one time, labeling theory was a popular explanation for continued deviance, but a lack of empirical support and conceptual objections soon made the theory unpopular. In this analysis, labeling theory is integrated with other theories and then re-considered as an explanation for persistent youth crime. The primary contention here is that formal legal sanctioning---in the form of involvement with the police, courts, and correctional agencies---may, ironically, operate ...


The First Year Of The San Bernardino Restorative Youth Court, John M. Winslade 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The First Year Of The San Bernardino Restorative Youth Court, John M. Winslade

Wisdom in Education

The San Bernardino Restorative Youth Court was established by the San Bernardino City Unified School District school board and has operated for one school year (2015-16). The purpose of this article is to document what has happened in this year and to begin to address questions about the value of the youth court for those for whom it aims to make a difference. Data collated are at this point preliminary but some tentative conclusions can be drawn, even at this early stage. Here we shall outline these data and the conclusions that are suggested by them. The best available measure ...


Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes 2016 University of Rhode Island

Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Fish, Christine Stark 2016 Author and Visual Artist

Fish, Christine Stark

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Exit By Grizelda Grootboom, Anne Mayne 2016 University of Rhode Island

Exit By Grizelda Grootboom, Anne Mayne

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Prosecuted But Not Silenced: Courtroom Reform For Sexually Abused Children By Maralee Mclean, Barry Goldstein 2016 Stop Abuse Campaign

Prosecuted But Not Silenced: Courtroom Reform For Sexually Abused Children By Maralee Mclean, Barry Goldstein

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Sexual Victimization Of Male Refugees And Migrants: Camps, Homelessness, And Survival Sex, Rachel E. McGinnis 2016 Rochester Institute of Technology

Sexual Victimization Of Male Refugees And Migrants: Camps, Homelessness, And Survival Sex, Rachel E. Mcginnis

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

This report focuses on sexual violence against and exploitation of males as a human rights violation committed during armed conflict or as an indirect outcome of armed conflict. It identifies the difficulty refugees and migrants experience inside refugee camps and what happens to young men and boys who are on the streets. By looking at the current crisis in Athens, Greece I expose the implications of failed policies for refugees. In addition, I challenge the world to redefine our understanding of sexual violence as a gender issue.


From Victim To Healer: How Surviving Sex Trafficking Informs Therapeutic Practice, Emily M. Waters 2016 Trauma Recovery Expertise Consulting Services

From Victim To Healer: How Surviving Sex Trafficking Informs Therapeutic Practice, Emily M. Waters

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

No abstract provided.


“It’S Not A Fucking Book, It’S A Weapon!”: Authority, Power, And Mediation In The Book Of Eli, Seth M. Walker 2016 University of Denver

“It’S Not A Fucking Book, It’S A Weapon!”: Authority, Power, And Mediation In The Book Of Eli, Seth M. Walker

Journal of Religion & Film

The mediation of religious narratives through sacred texts is intimately bound to the power relations involved in their transmission and maintenance. Those who possess such mediated messages and control their access and interpretation have historically held privileged positions of authority, especially when those positions are not easily contested. The 2010 film The Book of Eli uniquely engages these elements by placing the alleged last copy of the King James Version of the Christian Bible at the forefront of a clash between different individuals in a post-nuclear wasteland. This paper, drawing on Max Weber’s notion of “charisma,” and scholars addressing ...


Human Behaviour Ii For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson 2016 Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Human Behaviour Ii For Public Safety Communicators, Natalie (Tally) Wade, Alice Macpherson

All Faculty Scholarship

Human Behaviour II for Public Safety Communicators surveys psychological disorders, social disobedience and victimization emphasized from the perspective of public safety communicators. The text details stress management techniques to deal with: critical incident stress, shiftwork, media stress, and sleep disorders. There are practical insights into different types of behaviours and the effects from interaction with a diverse group of callers in emergency call centres. Call takers and dispatchers dealing with complex situations involving violence and abuse are covered in a practical manner. This Canadian textbook is part of the Public Safety Communications program at Kwantlen Polytechnic University.


Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Identifying victims of sex trafficking can be challenging for law enforcement. To determine how victims were identified in cases of sex trafficking that resulted in criminal charges, this study analyzed the records from prosecuted cases of sex trafficking to determine how the victims were identified. The analysis used primary documents, including police narratives, witness statements, indictments, plea bargains, and sentencing memoranda retrieved from the Superior Court and the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22 cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers. In these cases, at least 30 victims were identified. The public ...


New Approaches To Data-Driven Civilian Oversight Of Law Enforcement: An Introduction To The Second Nacole/Cjpr Special Issue, Daniel L. Stageman, Nicole M. Napolitano PhD, Brian Buchner 2016 CUNY John Jay College

New Approaches To Data-Driven Civilian Oversight Of Law Enforcement: An Introduction To The Second Nacole/Cjpr Special Issue, Daniel L. Stageman, Nicole M. Napolitano Phd, Brian Buchner

Publications and Research

In April of 2016, National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) and John Jay College partnered to sponsor the Academic Symposium “Building Public Trust: Generating Evidence to Enhance Police Accountability and Legitimacy.” This essay introduces the Criminal Justice Policy Review Special Issue featuring peer-reviewed, empirical research papers first presented at the Symposium. We provide context for the Symposium in relation to contemporary national discourse on police accountability and legitimacy. In addition, we review each of the papers presented at the Symposium, and provide in-depth reviews of each of the manuscripts included in the Special Issue.


Walker, Joyce (Fa 868), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2016 Western Kentucky University

Walker, Joyce (Fa 868), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 868. Paper titled: “Possum Hunters: A Vigilance Committee.” Project includes a short interpretive paper and interviews with one former member (unidentified) and several people who remembered the Possum Hunters in Muhlenburg County, Kentucky. Sheets include transcribed interviews and informant’s name. The Possum Hunters was a common name given to vigilante groups in the Green River valley.


Walker, Edith (Fa 870), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2016 Western Kentucky University

Walker, Edith (Fa 870), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project 870. Project titled: "Joe Coleman: A Local Legend." Includes typescripts of interviews and survey sheets collected by Edith Walker about Joe Coleman, an accused murderer in Cumberland County, Kentucky. Survey sheets includes lines of a ballad about Coleman and various informant's memories of the ballad or the veracity of the incident in Adair County, Kentucky.


A Study Of Old Dominion Student Opinions On Crimes Committed With Firearms By Convicted Felons, William Domebnick Euefueno 2016 Old Dominion University

A Study Of Old Dominion Student Opinions On Crimes Committed With Firearms By Convicted Felons, William Domebnick Euefueno

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine college student’s opinions regarding crimes committed by convicted felons with the use of firearms. This study was undertaken to determine if students support more aggressive legislation regarding the purchasing of firearms, specifically targeting convicted felons, to further prevent them obtaining weapons.

In identifying the methods to be used to obtain data for the study, the researcher reviewed the current laws pertaining to owning and possessing firearms, as well as national gun violence statistics for the past decade. This was broken down further by looking at criminal activity, and gun violence reported ...


Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke 2016 Kentucky Department of Corrections, Owensboro

Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke

Aaron Hughey

This study explored the impact a modified TC (Therapeutic Community) had on reducing institutional disorder as documented by institutional write-ups. The number of institutional write-ups exhibited by clients participating in a modified TC was compared with the number of write-ups exhibited by inmates in five non-treatment units over a four-year period. ANOVA (analysis of variance) revealed that the number of write-ups exhibited by clients in the TC was significantly lower than the number exhibited by inmates in the other five dorms (F(4, 24) = 5.61, p < 0.002).Further, when examined by category of offense (major/minor), it was ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress