Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, 2016 Independent
Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.
Donna M. Hughes
Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, 2016 University of Rhode Island
Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.
Donna M. Hughes
What's Wrong With Sentencing Equality?, 2016 Cardozo Law School
What's Wrong With Sentencing Equality?, Richard A. Bierschbach, Stephanos Bibas
Equality in criminal sentencing often translates into equalizing outcomes and stamping out variations, whether race-based, geographic, or random. This approach conflates the concept of equality with one contestable conception focused on outputs and numbers, not inputs and processes. Racial equality is crucial, but a concern with eliminating racism has hypertrophied well beyond race. Equalizing outcomes seems appealing as a neutral way to dodge contentious substantive policy debates about the purposes of punishment. But it actually privileges deterrence and incapacitation over rehabilitation, subjective elements of retribution, and procedural justice, and it provides little normative guidance for punishment. It also has unintended ...
Can Racially Unbiased Police Perpetuate Long-Run Discrimination?, 2016 Iowa State University
Can Racially Unbiased Police Perpetuate Long-Run Discrimination?, Helle Bunzel, Philippe Marcoul
We develop a stylized dynamic model of highway policing in which a non-racist police officer exhibits a cognitive bias: relative overconfidence. The officer is given incentives to arrest criminals but faces a per stop cost which increases when the racial mix of her stops differs from that of the population. Every period, she observes the racial composition of jail inmates (generated from arrests made by her peers) and forms estimates about the crime rates of each race. In some settings, her overconfidence leads her to overestimate the crime rate of one race relative to another causing the long-run racial composition ...
Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, 2016 Kentucky Department of Corrections, Owensboro
Assessing The Efficacy Of A Modified Therapeutic Community On The Reduction Of Institutional Write-Ups In A Medium Security Prison, Lee Wayne Maglinger, Aaron W. Hughey, Monica Galloway Burke
This study explored the impact a modified TC (Therapeutic Community) had on reducing institutional disorder as documented by institutional write-ups. The number of institutional write-ups exhibited by clients participating in a modified TC was compared with the number of write-ups exhibited by inmates in five non-treatment units over a four-year period. ANOVA (analysis of variance) revealed that the number of write-ups exhibited by clients in the TC was significantly lower than the number exhibited by inmates in the other five dorms (F(4, 24) = 5.61, p < 0.002).Further, when examined by category of offense (major/minor), it was ...
Eliminating Zero Tolerance Policies In Schools: Miami-Dade County Public School's Approach, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School
Eliminating Zero Tolerance Policies In Schools: Miami-Dade County Public School's Approach, Jeremy Thompson
Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal
No abstract provided.
Making The Italian Other: Blacks, Whites, And The In Between In The 1895 Spring Valley, Illinois, Race Riot, 2016 University of Dayton
Making The Italian Other: Blacks, Whites, And The In Between In The 1895 Spring Valley, Illinois, Race Riot, Caroline Waldron Merithew
This essay takes the Spring Valley, Illinois, race riot and observes how blacks, Italians, and other new immigrants attempted to empower themselves and lay claim to status at the "nadir" of race relations ill this country. The events leading up to the riot, the assault on the African-American community, and the aftermath of the attack led to vocal outcries against oppression. What constituted oppression, however, was open to interpretation. Furthermore, no group defined itself, or its other, in isolation. Rather, each side responded to the rhetoric of its "opponents" as well as of middle-class whites who became involved in the ...
The Prospects For Change: The Question Of Justice In A Law & Society Framework, 2016 CUNY Graduate Center
The Prospects For Change: The Question Of Justice In A Law & Society Framework, Michael W. Raphael
Graduate Student Publications and Research
What is the law and society framework and where has it gotten us? A student in a classroom might raise their hand and offer "understanding legal pluralism" as a possible answer. However, the conceptual problem with legal pluralism is the coexistence of potentially conflicting bases of justification. Given this, desiring to understand how the law shapes the structural underpinnings of whichever "legal" phenomena and its "ongoing transformation", is nevertheless an immense achievement that stops short of its underlying goal – the achievement of human dignity through human rights. For example, to talk about 'multi-stakeholder consultations' and other pithy phrases that describe ...
Capitalism, Social Institutions, And Pathways To Crime: Reconstructing Institutional Anomie Theory, 2016 Western Michigan University
Capitalism, Social Institutions, And Pathways To Crime: Reconstructing Institutional Anomie Theory, Amanda Marie Smith
Messner and Rosenfeld (1994; 2013) developed the Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT) as an explanation for the high rates of serious crime in the United States. They theorize that high serious crime rates are the result of a culture that values material gain as the primary goal (i.e., the American Dream) with a weak social institutional structure. This study argues that IAT must be reconstructed because Messner and Rosenfeld: (1) discount religion as a social institution of importance, (2) exclude high inequality as a source of structural blockages, and (3) use the concept of the American Dream as a proxy ...
The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, 2016 California State University - San Bernardino
The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.
Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...
Attitudes And Perceived Barriers Of Police Officers Regarding The Lethality Assessment Protocol, 2016 Sacred Heart University
Attitudes And Perceived Barriers Of Police Officers Regarding The Lethality Assessment Protocol, Tanya M. Grant, Bronwyn Cross-Denny
Criminal Justice Faculty Publications
This exploratory, qualitative research study examined the attitudes and barriers police officers identified in successful implementation of the Lethality Assessment Protocol (LAP), a collaborative intervention between police departments and domestic violence advocacy agencies in the State of Connecticut. Focus groups were conducted at three police departments to identify officers’ perception of LAP. Officers (N=22) were recruited through an individual contact at the police department. Responses to focus group questions identified both system-wide and individual police department barriers. Officers generally support the protocol and believe it has beneficial intent and purpose. Barriers identified include timing of the implementation, lack of ...
The State Of The States: The Continuing Struggle To Criminalize Revenge Porn, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School
The State Of The States: The Continuing Struggle To Criminalize Revenge Porn
BYU Law Review
No abstract provided.
Entitlement And Anguish: An Analysis Of Masculinity And Misogyny In American School Shootings, 2016 Dickinson College
Entitlement And Anguish: An Analysis Of Masculinity And Misogyny In American School Shootings, Sara Aubrey Tyberg
Honors Theses By Year
Why are school shooters almost exclusively young, white men who frequently reveal contempt for women when committing their deadly crimes? I propose that the social construction of hegemonic masculinity informs perpetrators’ misogynistic attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs and contextualizes their self-righteous desire to commit acts of violence against others. School shootings are undeniably gendered acts of violence. To examine this phenomenon, I use qualitative case study analysis to analyze ten school shootings in the United States committed by men within the last eighteen years.
My analysis reveals the complex relationship between gender role expectations, male socialization, and violence. Hegemonic masculinity enforces ...
The American Nightmare: Land Of The Incarcerated, 2016 California State University, Monterey Bay
The American Nightmare: Land Of The Incarcerated, Jamara Bernard
Capstones and Theses
A collection of poems focusing on the mass incarceration of African-American men and how the prison industrial complex is designed to legally exploit prisoners specifically for profits. Along with a reflective essay about the history of legal discrimination and the creative process by which the poems were created. Then how it ties in with the capstone course theme of race, gender, class, feminist theory, and social justice.
How To Incite Crime With Words: Clarifying Brandenburg’S Incitement Test With Speech Act Theory, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School
How To Incite Crime With Words: Clarifying Brandenburg’S Incitement Test With Speech Act Theory
BYU Law Review
No abstract provided.
False Promises: The Failure Of Secure Communities In Miami-Dade County, 2016 Portland State University
False Promises: The Failure Of Secure Communities In Miami-Dade County, Alex Stepick, Steve Held, Cynthia S. Hernandez, Cheryl Little, Susana Barciela
This report addresses the impact on Miami-Dade County of the Secure Communities program, currently one of the primary federal immigration enforcement programs administered by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) through Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). DHS claims that the program prioritizes the removal of convicted criminal aliens who pose a danger to national security or public safety, repeat violators who game the immigration system, those who fail to appear at immigration hearings, and fugitives who have already been ordered removed by an immigration judge.
Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, 2016 University of Rhode Island
Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, Donna M. Hughes Dr.
Donna M. Hughes
Coming Home: Challenges Related To Reentry And Recidivism For Previously Incarcerated New Mothers, 2016 College of William and Mary
Coming Home: Challenges Related To Reentry And Recidivism For Previously Incarcerated New Mothers, Sarah Ross Perry
College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses
This thesis explores the intersection of motherhood, recidivism, and the reentry process for recently incarcerated new mothers. Women were recruited from the Healthy Beginnings Project, a program that works with pregnant, incarcerated women from correctional institutions in the Williamsburg area to provide perinatal education and support. Completed intake and postpartum surveys (n=103) were analyzed for quantitative data on the incremental ability of maternal, psychological, and contextual stressors to predict new mothers' likelihood to recidivate. 34.3% (n=34) of the new mothers recidivated when the child was one to twelve months old. None of the summed stressor variables were ...
How Code Enforcement Mitigates Hoarding In The Community, 2016 San Jose State University
How Code Enforcement Mitigates Hoarding In The Community, Jason Gibilisco
No abstract provided.
Rape And Sexual Violence: Questionable Inevitability And Moral Responsibility In Armed Conflict, 2016 Clark University, University of Pittsburgh
Rape And Sexual Violence: Questionable Inevitability And Moral Responsibility In Armed Conflict, Katherine W. Bogen
Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark
Wartime sexual violence is a critical human rights issue that usurps the autonomy of its victims as well as their physical and psychological safety. It occurs in both ethnic and non-ethnic wars, across geographic regions, against both men and women, and regardless of the “official” position of commanders, states, and armed groups on the use of rape as tactic of war. This problem is current, pervasive, and global in spite of the status of wartime sexual violence perpetration as a crime against humanity and the capacity of the international criminal court to indict offenders. Though some scholars have argued that ...