Local Knowledge And Climate Information: The Role Of Trust And Risk In Agricultural Decisions About Drought, 2019 University of Montana, Missoula
Local Knowledge And Climate Information: The Role Of Trust And Risk In Agricultural Decisions About Drought, Adam J. Snitker
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
Climate change is projected to dramatically impact agricultural production across the world. Agricultural producers must adapt to changing conditions by implementing practices and utilizing knowledge that creates resilient operations. This study explores how Montana farmers and ranchers use of different types of knowledge during periods of drought and how risk perceptions and trust influence the use of knowledge. To understand the role trust and risk in producers’ use of local knowledge and climate information, I conducted five focus groups with 34 Montana agricultural producers. Producers explained that they encounter many agriculture-related risks, including uncertain forecasts, financial losses, and adverse weather ...
Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
This study used in-depth interviews of permanent residents on Grand Isle, Louisiana, a remote barrier island, to better understand their perceptions of structural flood measures, non-structural responses to flooding and hurricanes, and perceptions of vulnerability to flooding, hurricanes, and climate change on a remote barrier island-Grand Isle, Louisiana. Residents' perceptions regarding the various structural measures implemented by the federal, state, and local government appeared mixed. Non-structural responses to flooding risks implemented at the household, community, state, and federal level continue to strengthen resiliency on Grand Isle. According to interviewees, aspects of environmental, rural, and economic vulnerability on Grand Isle impact ...
Preserving Small Farms In Gales Creek, Oregon: An Interview With Gales Creek Residents, 2019 Portland State University
Preserving Small Farms In Gales Creek, Oregon: An Interview With Gales Creek Residents, Nathan Williams
Nathan Williams conducts interviews with several residents of rural Gales Creek, Oregon, discussing the problems faced by small farmers and challenges for farmland preservation.
A Proactive Blueprint To Demonstrate On-Farm Animal Welfare, 2019 Iowa State University
A Proactive Blueprint To Demonstrate On-Farm Animal Welfare, Anna K. Johnson, Jessica D. Colpoys, Arlene Garcia, Cassandra Jass, Suzanne T. Millman, Monique D. Pairis-Garcia, Christopher J. Rademacher, Shawna L. Weimer, Samaneh Azarpajouh
Animal Science Publications
Farm animal welfare has become an increasing area of consumer and customer interest globally and this has resulted in dramatic changes related to on-farm accountability. Some markets are demanding an-on farm, transparent and accountable animal welfare program. Knowing what key elements are required is critical. Key elements range from (a) caretaker qualities; (b) record keeping and standard operating procedures (SOP) (c) animal- and resource based measures (d) communication and (e) caretaker empowerment. The ultimate on-farm welfare program goal is to provide the highest animal care. This review paper will provide context to these key elements that in turn can be ...
Hepatitis C And The Social Hierarchy: How Stigma Is Built In Rural Communities, 2018 Texas State University - San Marcos
Hepatitis C And The Social Hierarchy: How Stigma Is Built In Rural Communities, Charley D. Henderson, Atsuko Kawakami
The Qualitative Report
Although Hepatitis C has profound impacts on individuals living in communities, most research has been conducted in a hospital or laboratory setting. Additionally, there is a lack of research exploring the social effects of Hepatitis C in rural communities. In this qualitative study, we focus on perceptions on Hepatitis C within a rural community, describe how the local residents perceive social hierarchy within their community, and explore the process of stigma building. Informed by a grounded theory approach, we employed a snowball sampling strategy in a southern rural area to conduct in-depth, open-ended interviews. In our findings we describe how ...
Clinician Identified Barriers To Treatment For Individuals In Appalachia With Opioid Use Disorder Following Release From Prison: A Social Ecological Approach, Amanda M. Bunting, Carrie B. Oser, Michele Staton, Katherine S. Eddens, Hannah K. Knudsen
Sociology Faculty Publications
Background: The non-medical use of opioids has reached epidemic levels nationwide, and rural areas have been particularly affected by increasing rates of overdose mortality as well as increases in the prison population. Individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) are at increased risk for relapse and overdose upon reentry to the community due to decreased tolerance during incarceration. It is crucial to identify barriers to substance use disorder treatment post-release from prison because treatment can be particularly difficult to access in resource-limited rural Appalachia.
Methods: A social ecological framework was utilized to examine barriers to community-based substance use treatment among individuals ...
Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, 2018 Virginia Department of Education
Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, Sandra C. Curwood, Lakshman Rajagopal, Susan W. Arendt, Stephen Sapp
Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications
This study explored the intentions of foodservice directors' (FSD) who oversee Farm-to-School (F2S) programs to implement alternative procurement methods that better account for food safety practices. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to 864 California school FSDs with 136 (15.7%) usable surveys returned. Findings revealed that although FSDs understand the importance of food safety training and have confidence in their ability to manage produce safety practices, they express little intention to change their procurement practices. This finding might indicate a need for more resources and supportive policies.
Political Competition And Predictors Of Hate Crime: A County-Level Analysis, 2018 East Tennessee State University
Political Competition And Predictors Of Hate Crime: A County-Level Analysis, Eaven Holder
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Research on hate crime has tended to utilize sociological frameworks to best explain the incidence of such offending, but little research has been conducted to determine whether political factors may play a role. Although Olzak (1990) touched upon the relationship between racial violence and third-party politics during the American Progressive era (1882-1914), the research did not fully articulate how political competition may influence the commission of hate crime. The current study seeks to fill this gap, while also extending concepts associated with social disorganization theory and the defended communities perspective. It does so by utilizing a longitudinal research design to ...
Community Initiatives Multiply University Partnerships, 2018 Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne
Community Initiatives Multiply University Partnerships, Christopher Lafontaine
Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement
Christopher LaFontaine is a senior studying psychology and sociology at Indiana Purdue Fort Wayne (IPFW). He has concentrated on community engagement and service learning as areas of focus for the past year. He plans to pursue a career in applied sociology and he has been involved with applied research among vulnerable populations. Christopher has worked with homeless veterans in Fort Wayne and has studied health conditions in a rural county that ranks low in health outcomes. In this article, he describes his experience with service-learning partnerships between community organizations and an institution of higher education.
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, Sarah Taylor, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Soo-Young Hong, Aileen S. Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Xia
This section details key points from the data on racial, ethnic, and age groups across Nebraska.
RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES IN NEBRASKA
• The proportions of Nebraska’s racial and ethnic minority populations tend to be smaller by 4% (i.e., Asian) to 8% (i.e., Black or African American, Hispanic/Latino) than those of the US, except for the Hawaiian and Pacific Islander and American Indian and Alaska Native populations (i.e., smaller only by 0.1% to 0.2%).
• Nebraska’s urban areas, which comprise 73.1% of the Nebraska population, have higher numbers of racial and ...
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, Aileen S. Garcia, Rodrigo Cantarero, Grant Daily, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor
KEY POINTS AND IMPLICATIONS
Nebraska is a state that is not often viewed as affected significantly by mobility and migration. As a state, the net migration rate of 1.1 from 2015 to 2016 is fairly low compared to others like Florida (16.0) or Nevada (14.4). However, data from this report suggests that there is, in fact, substantial movement of people moving in and moving out; as well as pockets within the state where there is higher than average influx of both domestic and international migrants.
In general, migration trends in the state mirror national trends of “rural ...
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Maria Rosario De Guzman, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor, Aileen Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Ruth Xia
What is poverty?
Federal definitions of poverty: the poverty line
General poverty and poverty brackets
Poverty and vulnerable populations
Child poverty (under 18 years)
Young child poverty (0 - 5 years)
School age poverty (6 - 17 years)
Elderly poverty (65+)
Comparing child, adult, and elderly poverty
Nebraska vs. United States
Poverty in children and the elderly
Poverty rates for racial/ethnic minorities
Sueños Del Progreso: La Migración Juvenil Desde Íntag / Dreams Of Progress: Youth Migration From Íntag, Julia Gratton
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
Esta monografía trata de la migración juvenil desde la zona de Íntag en el noroccidente del Ecuador. Documenta las razones por que los jóvenes deciden salir a las ciudades, además de cuáles son las razones principales por las que deciden venir, regresar y quedarse en la Zona. Analiza las expectativas y los resultados con referencia a la teoría de la dependencia y la nueva ruralidad.
This monograph deals with juvenile migration from the Intag area in northwestern Ecuador . Document the reasons why young people decide to go to the cities, in addition to what are the main reasons ...
Addressing The Homogeneity Dilemma By Customizing Tourism Development Supports For Rural Regions Using The Typology Of Tourism Dependence, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
Despite the general tendency to generalize about rural areas, they are not homogenous. Programs to support development in rural areas often tend to assume homogeneity and as such, they are often created in a “one-size fits all” approach for application by communities. This paper advocates for more customized program supports that take into account the specific needs of destinations at all stages of development. The paper presents a typology of tourism dependence that classifies rural communities into three types differentiated on their level of engagement in tourism including tourism desperate, tourism active and tourism saturated communities. The typology was based ...
The Influence Of Tourism And Amenities On Place Attachment And Entrepreneurship In Remote Communities: A Case Study Of Tofino, Bc, 2018 Vancouver Island University
The Influence Of Tourism And Amenities On Place Attachment And Entrepreneurship In Remote Communities: A Case Study Of Tofino, Bc, Sreya Kumar, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
This study was undertaken to provide a better understanding new migrant entrepreneurs and what attracts them to rural and remote communities. Conducted as a case study in Tofino, the study was done using mixed methods including content analysis of place based promotional tools and semi-structured interviews with a sample of new migrant entrepreneurs who had moved to the community within the past 15 years . The study found that although there were no specific place promotion efforts directed at attracting entrepreneurs, businesses were often established as an indirect outcome of promotional efforts aimed at attracting tourists via destination marketing organizations. The ...
Enhancing Visitors Experiences At Artisan Businesses: A Case Study Of The Économusée® Business Model In British Columbia, 2018 Vancouver Island University
Enhancing Visitors Experiences At Artisan Businesses: A Case Study Of The Économusée® Business Model In British Columbia, John Predyk, Nicole L. Vaugeois
TTRA Canada 2018 Conference
ÉCONOMUSÉE© is a non-profit organization founded in 1992 in Quebec, Canada which now includes over 70 Artisans from across Canada and Europe. The model promotes the preservation of traditional knowledge and local entrepreneurship by utilizing cultural tourism to showcase artisans and encourage the consumption of locally produced artisanal products. This study was completed in order to provide data on the growth and effectiveness of the ÉCONOMUSÉE program in British Columbia since it was first introduced in 2012. This paper highlights the results of the impact of the model on overall visitor experience. At this point in time, it appears that ...
The Use Of Mentoring To Effect Cultural Change: Irish Farm Deaths And Injuries, 2018 Cork Institute of Technology
The Use Of Mentoring To Effect Cultural Change: Irish Farm Deaths And Injuries, Maurice Murphy, Kieran O'Connell
Dept. of Management & Enterprise Conference Material
Agriculture is the most dangerous occupation in Ireland. For every fatality in the sector, more than 125 farm workers are injured, many of them so seriously that the viability of the farm is undermined. These terrible and largely hidden figures have remained constant for the past decade, despite legal requirements, awareness-raising events and inspections by the Health and Safety Authority (HSA). The agricultural sector accounts for just 6% of the working population of Ireland, yet it consistently has the highest proportion of fatal incidents of any sector. This was again evident in 2017 where 51% (24 of the 47) of ...
Techno-Optimism And Farmers’ Attitudes Toward Climate Change Adaptation, 2018 South Dakota State University
Techno-Optimism And Farmers’ Attitudes Toward Climate Change Adaptation, Maaz Gardezi, J. Gordon Arbuckle
In industrialized societies, techno-optimism is a belief that human ingenuity, through improved science and technology, will ultimately provide remedies to most current and future threats to human well-being, such as diseases, climate change, and poverty. Here we examine: (1) whether techno-optimism is found among Midwestern corn and soybean farmers and (2) how this confidence in human ingenuity influences their support for climate change adaptation. By examining data from a survey of nearly 5000 grain farmers in the Midwestern U.S., we found that greater techno-optimism can reduce farmers’ support for climate change adaptation and increase their propensity to express a ...
The Social Construction Of Understanding & Neoliberal Multiculturalism: Analysis And Critique Of The Peruvian Moratorium Gmos, 2018 Illinois State University
The Social Construction Of Understanding & Neoliberal Multiculturalism: Analysis And Critique Of The Peruvian Moratorium Gmos, T. W. Dondanville
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research
No abstract provided.
Responding To The Child Care Shortage: Case Studies Of Innovation In Greater Minnesota, 2018 Center for Small Towns
Responding To The Child Care Shortage: Case Studies Of Innovation In Greater Minnesota, Nathan Bean
Center for Small Towns
This report features seven accessible case studies that highlight different community approaches to increasing child care access. The case studies are built on information gained from interviews with those involved in the efforts. Each case has “key words” that allow readers to quickly understand its context and model. The cases highlight the shortages that led to community efforts, what assets were available, and why communities chose the solutions they did. The options available to each community look different because of their unique assets, but the report synthesizes valuable insights that may be useful for others looking for solutions. Some of ...