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Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Identification Of Victims In Cases Of Sex Trafficking - Abstract, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Identifying victims of sex trafficking can be challenging for law enforcement. To determine how victims were identified in cases of sex trafficking that resulted in criminal charges, this study analyzed the records from prosecuted cases of sex trafficking to determine how the victims were identified. The analysis used primary documents, including police narratives, witness statements, indictments, plea bargains, and sentencing memoranda retrieved from the Superior Court and the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22 cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers. In these cases, at least 30 victims were identified. The public ...


Perceptions Of Safety Within Residence Halls At A Midwestern College Campus, Alissa R. Shape, Ellen Hammerschmidt, Jade Anderson, Stephanie Feldman 2016 Minnesota State University Mankato

Perceptions Of Safety Within Residence Halls At A Midwestern College Campus, Alissa R. Shape, Ellen Hammerschmidt, Jade Anderson, Stephanie Feldman

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Sexual violence is a widespread issue in American society. Though sexual violence takes many forms, the topic of campus sexual violence is especially pressing as it has occupied a fair amount of controversy in American media. The experience of sexual violence for college students is often traumatic as they navigate through the administrative systems and criminal justice systems of their respective communities. From a feminist perspective, students that become victims of campus sexual violence are often met with institutional resistance and inadequacies. The purpose of this study was to assess college students’ feelings of safety in residence halls. This research ...


Differences In Types Of Intimate Partner Violence: Implications For Public Policy, Anne Carroll Baird 2016 Morehouse College

Differences In Types Of Intimate Partner Violence: Implications For Public Policy, Anne Carroll Baird

Challenge

Intimate partner violence has been recognized as a serious social problem in the United States since the 1970s, when the leaders in the Women’s Movement became alarmed at victimization of women in their own homes by their husbands or boyfriends (Dobash and Dobash 1992). Women still make up 70 percent of all intimate partner homicides, and are twice as likely to be killed by an intimate partner as men are (Catalano, Smith, Snyder, and Rand 2009). The Anti Violence against Women Acts of 1994 and subsequent years have led to more uniform state policies on domestic violence and other ...


Prevalence And Use Of Guns In Perpetration Of Intimate Partner Violence, Caroline D. Cummings 2016 Portland State University

Prevalence And Use Of Guns In Perpetration Of Intimate Partner Violence, Caroline D. Cummings

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a social problem and public health issue in the United States that various states and the federal government have taken special precautions to alleviate. Two studies were conducted to address the problem. Study 1 examined archival data from a study that administered the Revised Conflict Tactic Scale to students taking psychology courses at Portland State University. The majority of students within the sample perpetrated psychological aggression but not physical assault. It was inconclusive whether more male than female college students perpetrated in physical assault against their partners. Lastly, less than 1% of students had ever ...


Attitudes And Perceived Barriers Of Police Officers Regarding The Lethality Assessment Protocol, Tanya M. Grant, Bronwyn Cross-Denny 2016 Sacred Heart University

Attitudes And Perceived Barriers Of Police Officers Regarding The Lethality Assessment Protocol, Tanya M. Grant, Bronwyn Cross-Denny

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

This exploratory, qualitative research study examined the attitudes and barriers police officers identified in successful implementation of the Lethality Assessment Protocol (LAP), a collaborative intervention between police departments and domestic violence advocacy agencies in the State of Connecticut. Focus groups were conducted at three police departments to identify officers’ perception of LAP. Officers (N=22) were recruited through an individual contact at the police department. Responses to focus group questions identified both system-wide and individual police department barriers. Officers generally support the protocol and believe it has beneficial intent and purpose. Barriers identified include timing of the implementation, lack of ...


Hands Up At Home: Militarized Masculinity And Police Officers Who Commit Intimate Partner Abuse, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Hands Up At Home: Militarized Masculinity And Police Officers Who Commit Intimate Partner Abuse

BYU Law Review

The deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner and the almost daily news stories about abusive and violent police conduct are currently prompting questions about the appropriate use of force by police officers. Moreover, the history of police brutality directed towards women is well-documented. Most of that literature, however, captures the violence that police do in their public capacity as officers of the state. This Article examines the violence and abuse perpetrated by police in their private lives, against their intimate partners. Although the public and private overlap, the power and training provided to police officers by the state makes ...


Breaking The Cycle Of Maltreatment: The Role Of Safe, Stable, And Nurturing Relationships, Terence P. Thornberry, Kimberly L. Henry, Carolyn A. Smith, Timothy O. Ireland, Sarah J. Greenman, Rosalyn D. Lee 2016 Hamline University

Breaking The Cycle Of Maltreatment: The Role Of Safe, Stable, And Nurturing Relationships, Terence P. Thornberry, Kimberly L. Henry, Carolyn A. Smith, Timothy O. Ireland, Sarah J. Greenman, Rosalyn D. Lee

Sarah Greenman

Purpose

We examine two research questions. First, does a history of child maltreatment victimization significantly increase the likelihood of maltreatment perpetration during adulthood? Second, do safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) during early adulthood serve as direct protective factors, buffering protective factors, or both to interrupt intergenerational continuity in maltreating behaviors?

Methods

Data come from the Rochester Youth Development Study that followed a community sample from age 14 to 31 with 14 assessments. Maltreatment victimization records covering birth through age 17 were collected from Child Protective Services records as were maltreatment perpetration records from age 21 to 30. Data on ...


Breaking The Cycle Of Maltreatment: The Role Of Safe, Stable, And Nurturing Relationships, Terence P. Thornberry, Kimberly L. Henry, Carolyn A. Smith, Timothy O. Ireland, Sarah J. Greenman, Rosalyn D. Lee 2016 Hamline University

Breaking The Cycle Of Maltreatment: The Role Of Safe, Stable, And Nurturing Relationships, Terence P. Thornberry, Kimberly L. Henry, Carolyn A. Smith, Timothy O. Ireland, Sarah J. Greenman, Rosalyn D. Lee

Sarah Greenman

Purpose

We examine two research questions. First, does a history of child maltreatment victimization significantly increase the likelihood of maltreatment perpetration during adulthood? Second, do safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) during early adulthood serve as direct protective factors, buffering protective factors, or both to interrupt intergenerational continuity in maltreating behaviors?

Methods

Data come from the Rochester Youth Development Study that followed a community sample from age 14 to 31 with 14 assessments. Maltreatment victimization records covering birth through age 17 were collected from Child Protective Services records as were maltreatment perpetration records from age 21 to 30. Data on ...


Verbal Violence At Workplace: A Reality From Pakistani Context., Laila Akber Cassum 2016 Aga Khan University

Verbal Violence At Workplace: A Reality From Pakistani Context., Laila Akber Cassum

Laila Cassum

Work place violence is the most distressing subject globally, and has been a concern for many decades affecting home and work environment.This cancer has even invaded health care sector worldwide. Nursing professionals whether they are at hospital or at academics institutions are subjected to violence. Although, it has been a burning issue, among nursing health care workers it has often gone unchecked, and people tend to accept it as the part of the system.

In this paper I would be discussing and deliberating that work place violence particularly verbal abuse is a serious matter and it can have negative ...


Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Men who buy sex----and they are only a small minority of men---are responsible for the crime of sex trafficking continuing to thrive. When sex traffickers find victims and coerce them into prostitution, they are serving the sex buyers, who pay them well for finding and marketing the victims to them.

For years, analysts have studied sex trafficking to determine the best way to combat this modern form of slavery. Today, a consensus is forming among advocates and law enforcement that to combat sex trafficking, the focus has to be on men who buy sex as much as on the pimps ...


A Vicious Cycle Of Abuse: The Relationship Between Domestic Violence And Animal Cruelty, Leah Staley 2016 The College at Brockport

A Vicious Cycle Of Abuse: The Relationship Between Domestic Violence And Animal Cruelty, Leah Staley

Senior Honors Theses

This paper explores research on the relationship between cycles of domestic violence and animal cruelty. It not only depicts that there is an under acknowledged a relationship between the two subjects, but also considers this relationship from multiple perspectives. This paper summarizes what constitutes animal cruelty and domestic violence, what causes people to treat other people and animals in this manner, who are more likely to be perpetrators of abuse and also victims of domestic violence (DV), and the different types of mistreatment in animals and intimate partner violence (IPV). Additionally, this paper reflects on policy implications of existing research ...


Counseling Perpetrators Of Violence: Applying The Invitational Approach To Male Professional Ice Hockey Players, Barbara Katic 2016 California State University, San Bernardino

Counseling Perpetrators Of Violence: Applying The Invitational Approach To Male Professional Ice Hockey Players, Barbara Katic

Wisdom in Education

Aggression and violence are common characteristics of professional ice hockey games. While hockey players are encouraged to be aggressive on-ice, these behaviors are not welcomed off the ice. Instances of athlete aggression occurring outside the context of professional sporting events have been documented, particularly within interpersonal relationships. In order to address this issue, the process of counseling professional male ice hockey players must be considered. The invitational approach, as outlined by Alan Jenkins, can be used to take into account the contradictions of violence and aggression in professional sporting contexts. Rather than label perpetrators of abuse with psychological shortcomings, invitational ...


Defining Assault: How Holy Cross Women Identify And Make Sense Of Sexually Assaultive Experiences, Caitlin McGuire 2016 College of the Holy Cross

Defining Assault: How Holy Cross Women Identify And Make Sense Of Sexually Assaultive Experiences, Caitlin Mcguire

Gender, Sexuality and Women's Studies Student Scholarship

Sexual violence on college campuses is an alarming problem across the United States. In recent years, this topic has gained widespread media attention due to high profile cases and resistance efforts by student activists at colleges and universities across the country. However, literature suggests there is still confusion among college students as to what actions and behaviors meet the criteria for rape or sexual assault. Modeled after a study previously conducted at the College of the Holy Cross in 1998, 2003, and 2009, this paper assesses the prevalence of rape and sexual assault on the College’s campus, as self-reported ...


Analyzing Media Representations Of Male Rape And Debunking Myths On 'Law And Order Special Victims Unit', Ryan J. Stephens 2016 Gettysburg College

Analyzing Media Representations Of Male Rape And Debunking Myths On 'Law And Order Special Victims Unit', Ryan J. Stephens

Celebration

The project that I have done shows the importance of recognizing that male rape does exist and that it is more frequent than people think. By using Law and Order Special Victims Unit I am able to portray how myths about male rape are debunked and how the show creates new ways of thinking about male rape. Little research has been conducted about male rape and what we do know comes from the myths that are created in society and reinforced by false representations in the media. The research also concludes that we need more research to fully understand the ...


Girls(') Speak: Criticality As Agency, AnnaLise Trudell 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Girls(') Speak: Criticality As Agency, Annalise Trudell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

I seek to contribute knowledge about girls’ embodied sense of agency, as well as to provide empirical insights into anti-violence community programming. Rather than a focus on girls as victims, I want to illuminate the conditions of possibility for girls’ exercise of agency. Working with a feminist post-structuralist framework, and drawing heavily on Judith Butler (1990; 1997), I ask: How does anti-violence programming impact girls’ sense of themselves as agential subjects rather than victims, and, hence, as capable of exercising agency in their subjectivization? Which conceptions of agency do girls mobilize, and how do certain identity categories come to bear ...


A Targeted Existence, Melissa J. Lauro 2016 Gettysburg College

A Targeted Existence, Melissa J. Lauro

SURGE

Over the summer, I visited a friend from Gettysburg who was having a party. The party was fun for the first half, and I was having a good time, so I decided to stay the night instead of walk in the dark to the bus. This is what parents and educators and older sisters and women everywhere had taught me: stay with people you know; clutch your keys in your hand; don’t walk alone. I was staying with my friend from school; I was safe. [excerpt]


Victimization, Stress, And Psychological Well-Being: An Analysis Of The 2009 Canadian Victimization Survey, Bryce E. Stoliker 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Victimization, Stress, And Psychological Well-Being: An Analysis Of The 2009 Canadian Victimization Survey, Bryce E. Stoliker

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study addresses several methodological and theoretical gaps in extant literature that has examined victimization and its correlation with resultant mental health outcomes. The 2009 Canadian GSS Victimization [cycle 23] survey, comprising of 19,422 participants aged 15 years or older, was used to examine: (1) the extent to which different forms of victimization are related to stress, psychological well-being (i.e., self-report mental health and life satisfaction), and substance abuse behavior; (2) whether stress acts as a mediator in the relationship between victimization and mental health outcome measures; (3) if low total household income moderates the association between victimization ...


La Visibilización: El Desarrollo Del Femicidio Como Un Problema Social En Argentina Según El Estado Y Las Organizaciones Civiles, Maggie Wetzel 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

La Visibilización: El Desarrollo Del Femicidio Como Un Problema Social En Argentina Según El Estado Y Las Organizaciones Civiles, Maggie Wetzel

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Femicide is the ultimate display of gendered violence in which a man kills a woman for being a woman. Femicide is made possible by the patriarchal system that ascribes power and control to men, systematically positioning women as a vulnerable population. Every year, more than two hundred women die of femicide in Argentina, resulting in the death of a woman approximately every thirty hours. Femicide has only been recognized by the international community within the last forty years, making it a newly-recognized phenomenon, although it has existed for centuries. This investigation seeks to further our knowledge of femicide and its ...


Obstetric Violence Within The Brazilian Healthcare System: A Critical Analysis Of The Childbirth Narratives Of Tupinambá Indigenous Women From The Olivença, Ilhéus Community, Cassandra Fareira 2016 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

Obstetric Violence Within The Brazilian Healthcare System: A Critical Analysis Of The Childbirth Narratives Of Tupinambá Indigenous Women From The Olivença, Ilhéus Community, Cassandra Fareira

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The objective of this research project is to hear the personal narratives of Tupinambá Indigenous Brazilian women living in the Olivença community in Ilheus, Bahia regarding their experiences giving birth in order to discern the prevalence of various forms of obstetric violence within their experiences. In the context of this study the term "obstetric violence," derived from an extensive literature review, encompasses 1) physical abuse, 2) the unethical imposition of medical interventions, 3) the denial or lack of privacy, 4) undignified care which includes verbal abuse, 5) discrimination, 6) abandonment, neglect or the refusal to grant assistance, 7) detention in ...


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