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Does A Web-First Tailored Design Method Work With Rural Populations?, Dylan C. Martinez, Kelly Way, Zola Moon, Timothy Killian, Betsy Garrison 2020 University of Arkansas - Main Campus

Does A Web-First Tailored Design Method Work With Rural Populations?, Dylan C. Martinez, Kelly Way, Zola Moon, Timothy Killian, Betsy Garrison

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Considering rural populations are historically difficult to reach, an important component of this research revolves around improving survey techniques in rural areas. To address this issue, a web-first Tailored Design Method (TDM), utilizing a mixed-mode of internet and postal mail surveys, was adapted to research the quality of life experienced by rural families. Aided by the Iowa State University Center for Survey Statistics and Methodology – Survey Research Services, data were collected from 62 rural counties in Arkansas. Socioeconomic-demographic factors were examined regarding survey response mode (i.e. mail vs. web) with some differences found. Logistic regression results demonstrated males were ...


Experiences Among Adults And Adolescents During The Covid-19 Pandemic From Four Locations Across Kenya—Study Description, Timothy Abuya, Karen Austrian, Adan Isaac, Beth Kangwana, Faith Mbushi, Eva Muluve, Daniel Mwanga, Thoai Ngo, Mercy Nzioki, Rhoune Ochako, Jessie Pinchoff, Ben Tidwell, John Wanyungu, Corinne White 2020 Population Council

Experiences Among Adults And Adolescents During The Covid-19 Pandemic From Four Locations Across Kenya—Study Description, Timothy Abuya, Karen Austrian, Adan Isaac, Beth Kangwana, Faith Mbushi, Eva Muluve, Daniel Mwanga, Thoai Ngo, Mercy Nzioki, Rhoune Ochako, Jessie Pinchoff, Ben Tidwell, John Wanyungu, Corinne White

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

To control the spread of coronavirus, the COVID-19 National Emergency Response Committee (NERC) in Kenya, chaired by the Ministry of Health (MOH), has implemented prevention and mitigation measures. To inform the Government of Kenya’s shorter- and longer-term response strategies, the Population Council COVID-19 study team utilizes rapid phone-based surveys to collect information on knowledge, attitudes, practices and needs among a longitudinal cohort of heads of household sampled from existing prospective cohort studies. The first was carried out across five Nairobi urban informal settlements; the baseline survey (n=2,009) was conducted March 30–31 with subsequent follow-up surveys conducted ...


Equilibrium Unemployment: The Role Of Discrimination, Juan C. Cordoba, Anni Isojärvi, Haoran Li 2020 Iowa State University

Equilibrium Unemployment: The Role Of Discrimination, Juan C. Cordoba, Anni Isojärvi, Haoran Li

Economics Working Papers

U.S. labor markets are increasingly diverse and persistently unequal between genders, races/ethnicities, educational groups and age. In the spirit of Chari, Kehoe, and McGrattan (2007), we use a structural model approach to decompose the observed differences in labor market outcomes across demographic groups in terms of underlying wedges, or frictions. Of particular interest is the potential role of discrimination, either taste- based or statistical. Our prototype model is a version of the Diamond- Mortensen-Pissarides model extended to include a life cycle, learning by doing, a non-participation state, and informational frictions. The prototype exhibits group-specific wedges in initial human ...


Using Administrative Big Data To Solve Problems In Social Science And Policy Research, Xi Song, Thomas S. Coleman 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Using Administrative Big Data To Solve Problems In Social Science And Policy Research, Xi Song, Thomas S. Coleman

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This article describes an explosion in the availability of individual-level public administrative data in the United States and worldwide. These datasets can be used as stand-alone resources or linked across different sources. These new resources will facilitate transformative research on social, demographic, and economic changes, policy evaluation, and other experimental analyses. We discuss the current status of administrative big data in the United States, their potential to advance social science and policy studies, and advantages and challenges for using these data in practice. We showcase a few ongoing large-scale U.S. administrative data initiatives and hope to spark future parallel ...


Biden's Victory Due To Increased Support Along The Entire Rural-Urban Continuum, Kenneth M. Johnson, Dante Scala 2020 University of New Hampshire

Biden's Victory Due To Increased Support Along The Entire Rural-Urban Continuum, Kenneth M. Johnson, Dante Scala

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Joseph Biden won the 2020 presidential election because Democratic support increased across the entire rural–urban continuum. The incremental gains at each point along the continuum were modest, but in a tightly contested election small changes in the vote matter.

In this brief, Carsey School senior demographer Ken Johnson and Carsey fellow Dante Scala conclude that voting trends in rural and urban America reflect a continuum rather than a dichotomy. At one pole of the continuum are large, densely settled urban cores, where Democrats have consistently been the most successful. At the other end are remote rural counties far from ...


Path Dependence In Disability, Neha Agarwal, Hans-Peter Kohler, Subha Mani 2020 University of Otago

Path Dependence In Disability, Neha Agarwal, Hans-Peter Kohler, Subha Mani

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The average prevalence of disability in most African countries is 10% but for many it exceeds the global disability prevalence rate of 15%. The extent to which this disability capturing functional and activity limitations results in permanent job loss, lowered lifetime income, and assets, in part, depends upon the extent to which the onset of limitations becomes permanent. In this paper we use five rounds of longitudinal data from rural Malawi, a low income African country with high prevalence of disability, to examine path dependence in activity limitations. We estimate a dynamic linear panel data model where the coefficient on ...


The Gap Remains: Social Security Benefits Continue To Fall Short Of Covering Basic Cost Of Living For Older Americans, 2015-2020, Jan Mutchler, Yang Li 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Gap Remains: Social Security Benefits Continue To Fall Short Of Covering Basic Cost Of Living For Older Americans, 2015-2020, Jan Mutchler, Yang Li

Center for Social and Demographic Research on Aging Publications

Older Americans rely heavily on Social Security to support an independent lifestyle. Recent estimates suggest that among adults aged 65 years or older, more than half rely on Social Security for at least 50% of their family income, while nearly a quarter depend on Social Security for 90% or more of their family income.

Despite this substantial reliance on Social Security among older adults, Social Security benefits fall short of what is required to cover a basic cost of living across the United States, according to new estimates based on the Elder Index, a county-by-county measure of the income older ...


Montana Voices Amplified: A Parent’S Perspective: How I Am Successfully Homeschooling My Child, Tracy Gulledge Street, University of Montana Rural Institute 2020 University of Montana

Montana Voices Amplified: A Parent’S Perspective: How I Am Successfully Homeschooling My Child, Tracy Gulledge Street, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

The COVID-19 pandemic has people considering homeschooling; here are five things to consider if you are homeschooling your child.


The Full Recession: Private Versus Social Costs Of Covid-19, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Marla Ripoll, Siqiang Yang 2020 Iowa State University

The Full Recession: Private Versus Social Costs Of Covid-19, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Marla Ripoll, Siqiang Yang

Economics Working Papers

Official recession figures ignore the costs associated with the loss of human life due to COVID-19. This paper constructs "full recession" measures that take into account the death toll. Key for the estimates are the number of dead, the individual's willingness to accept mortality risk, and society's willingness to accept inequality. Our model features tractable heterogeneity, constant relative risk aversion to mortality risk, and age-specific survival rates. Using an estimated death toll of 400 thousand people for the US during a year, and a baseline 10% recession, we find that the corresponding full recession is 26% on average ...


Voting And Attitudes Along The Red Rural–Blue Urban Continuum, Kenneth M. Johnson, Dante Scala 2020 University of New Hampshire

Voting And Attitudes Along The Red Rural–Blue Urban Continuum, Kenneth M. Johnson, Dante Scala

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Political commentary often divides the nation into two partisan zones, urban and rural, but new analysis demonstrates that the rural–urban gradient is a continuum, not a dichotomy. In this study of the 2018 congressional midterms, authors Kenneth Johnson and Dante Scala confirm their earlier analysis of the 2016 presidential election and demonstrate how voting patterns and political attitudes vary across the spectrum of urban and rural areas.


Family Change And Variation Through The Lens Of Family Configurations In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler, Frank F. Furstenberg 2020 Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research

Family Change And Variation Through The Lens Of Family Configurations In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Andrés Felipe Castro Torres, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler, Frank F. Furstenberg

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This study shows how the joint examination of family indicators can provide new insights towards understanding the dynamics of family change comparatively across low- and middle-income countries. We operationalize this approach by building family configurations, i.e., a set of interrelated features that describe different patterns of family formation and structure. These features include family forms and their stability, gender relations, household structures, and reproduction levels. We rely on 20 family indicators drawn from 254 Demographic and Health Surveys, covering 75 low- and middle-income countries, and disaggregate between urban and rural areas (508 units of analysis). Factorial and clustering techniques ...


Ishi And The California Indian Genocide As Developmental Mass Violence, Robert K. Hitchcock, Charles A. Flowerday 2020 University of New Mexico

Ishi And The California Indian Genocide As Developmental Mass Violence, Robert K. Hitchcock, Charles A. Flowerday

Humboldt Journal of Social Relations

Ishi represents a form of sentimental folk reductionism. But he can be a teaching tool for the California Indian Genocide, John Sutter also. His mill was where gold was discovered – setting off a frenzied settlement in which Indians were legally enslaved and slaughtered, finally ending a decade after the Emancipation Proclamation. They had already experienced wholesale devastation under Spanish and Mexican colonization. The mission system itself was inhumane and genocidal. It codified enslavement and trafficking of Indians as economically useful and morally purposeful. Mexican administration paid lip service to Indian emancipation but exploited them ruthlessly as peons. The California genocide ...


Oregon 2019 American Community Survey Highlights, Charles Rynerson, Porland State University. Population Research Center 2020 Portland State University

Oregon 2019 American Community Survey Highlights, Charles Rynerson, Porland State University. Population Research Center

Publications, Reports and Presentations

Charles Rynerson of the Population Research Center at Portland State University discusses highlights from the Oregon 2019 American Community Survey. Topics discussed include how race can be misconstrued in data, demographic trends, poverty in Oregon, and domestic migration.


Oregon Population Forecast Program, Ethan Sharygin, Portand State University.Population Research Center 2020 Portland State University

Oregon Population Forecast Program, Ethan Sharygin, Portand State University.Population Research Center

Publications, Reports and Presentations

Ethan Sharygin, the Director of the Population Research Center at Portand State University, offers an overview of the Oregon Population Forecast Program, and discusses the process by which population estimates are generated and certified.


Oregon's Population Estimates Program, Huda Alkitkat, Portland State University. Population Research Center 2020 Portland State University

Oregon's Population Estimates Program, Huda Alkitkat, Portland State University. Population Research Center

Publications, Reports and Presentations

Presentation given by Huda Alkitkat of the Population Research Center at Portland State University, in which she gives an overview of the Oregon Population Estimates Program.


Exit, Voice, And Loyalty In The Family, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, David Calnitsky 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Exit, Voice, And Loyalty In The Family, Pilar Gonalons-Pons, David Calnitsky

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper investigates how a basic income could transform families and gender power relations within them. We draw on Hirschman’s exit, voice, and loyalty framework to argue that a basic income can offer a structural foundation for a radical shift towards more equitable family relations. This is because a basic income can support couples through economic uncertainty and reduce women’s structural vulnerability to economic dependency within marriages that strips them of exit and voice. We build our case on novel data from an understudied social experiment from the late 1970s called the Manitoba Basic Income Experiment, or Mincome ...


The Impact Of An Experimental Guaranteed Income On Crime And Violence, David Calnitsky, Pilar Gonalons-Pons 2020 University of Western Ontario

The Impact Of An Experimental Guaranteed Income On Crime And Violence, David Calnitsky, Pilar Gonalons-Pons

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Would unconditional cash payments reduce crime and violence? This paper examines data on crime and violence in the context of an understudied social experiment from the late 1970s called the Manitoba Basic Annual Income Experiment, or Mincome. We combine town-level crime statistics for all medium-sized Canadian Prairie towns with town-level socio-demographic data from the census to study how an experimental guaranteed income impacted both violent crime and total crime. We find a significant negative relationship between Mincome and both outcomes. We also decompose total crime and analyze its main components, property crime and “other” crime, and find a significant negative ...


Montana Voices Amplified: A Parent Teacher’S Perspective: Exploring Disability And Navigating A New World, Elizabeth Cummings, University of Montana Rural Institute 2020 University of Montana

Montana Voices Amplified: A Parent Teacher’S Perspective: Exploring Disability And Navigating A New World, Elizabeth Cummings, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

I found myself unexpectedly entering the world of disability 13 years ago when my oldest son, Charlie, was born with complex health and developmental challenges. Later diagnosed with autism and a genetic disorder, Charlie led me through the new worlds of early intervention, case management, children’s hospitals, and intervention plans. As Charlie grew older, I shifted my professional focus to special education, hoping others in my community might benefit from the skills I am learning in raising a child of my own with special needs. I want to share with you a few of the amazing students I have ...


Revising Diabetes Programming For Black Men And Their Families, Tera R. Hurt, Sarah L. Francis, Asani H. Seawell, Mary P. Krisco, Markus H. Flynn, Margaret C. O'Connor, Catherine S. Rudolph, April Hill 2020 Iowa State University

Revising Diabetes Programming For Black Men And Their Families, Tera R. Hurt, Sarah L. Francis, Asani H. Seawell, Mary P. Krisco, Markus H. Flynn, Margaret C. O'Connor, Catherine S. Rudolph, April Hill

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Type-2 diabetes has increased 160% for African American males in the United States. This two-part study’s purpose was to apply social marketing theory to understand the Type-2 diabetes education needs of men in Iowa. Study One was a preference assessment of Type-2 diabetes education strategies. Four African American men participated in a series of four focus groups and indicated that they were interested in diabetes prevention programming with their families but not in having it labeled as diabetes education. Participating men would rather increase their physical activity as opposed to tracking their food intake. As a follow-up to this ...


Well-Being Among Older Adults In Mississippi: Exploring Differences Between Metropolitan, Micropolitan, And Noncore Rural Settings, Carolyn E. Adams-Price, Joshua J. Turner, Margaret Ralston 2020 Mississipppi State University

Well-Being Among Older Adults In Mississippi: Exploring Differences Between Metropolitan, Micropolitan, And Noncore Rural Settings, Carolyn E. Adams-Price, Joshua J. Turner, Margaret Ralston

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

It is a common belief that older adults in rural areas have high subjective well-being, despite often experiencing greater poverty and having access to fewer resources than older adults who live in urban areas, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as the “rural-urban paradox.” However, research does not consistently find high well-being in rural areas, which might be due to research not distinguishing between very rural and semi-rural (or small town) settings. This study compares the subjective well-being of older adults in micropolitan and noncore counties with the well-being of older adults in metropolitan areas in Mississippi (n = 659). Preliminary results ...


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