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Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Out-Group Threat Or Inter-Group Contact Theory? Out-Group Attitudes And Interaction In Times Of Diversity Growth, Annette Jacoby

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Much attention has been devoted to the presumed negative effect of diversity growth on various dimensions of attitudes and interaction between different racial and ethnic groups. However, whether the claims hold true is unclear- there is a considerable controversy over the impact of changing diversity on societal behavior. With ongoing migration, the United States are becoming more and more ethnically diverse but a sound debate on racial and ethnic composition and its consequences for inter-group interactions and attitudes towards others has not yet been possible due to a lack of causally-oriented panel studies.

In this study, two important features are ...


There's No Place Like Home? Understanding The Relationship Between Racial Residential Segregation And Self-Reported Health, Abigail Gramaglia 2018 Skidmore College

There's No Place Like Home? Understanding The Relationship Between Racial Residential Segregation And Self-Reported Health, Abigail Gramaglia

Sociology Senior Seminar Papers

How does context influence health? County racial composition and racial residential segregation shape health outcomes by creating different contexts that influence access to health-related resources. White Americans disproportionately possess these material and intangible resources. Therefore, I propose that the higher the percent of non-Hispanic white residents in U.S. counties, and the higher the racial residential segregation in U.S. counties, the lower the percent of adult residents who report poor or fair health in U.S. counties. To explore these hypotheses, I analyze 2014 demographic and survey data from 2946 U.S. counties. Findings provide mixed support for my ...


Do Baby Boomers Want Another Baby Boom?: A Gendered Generational Analysis Of Abortion Attitudes, Dyanna Washington 2018 Skidmore College

Do Baby Boomers Want Another Baby Boom?: A Gendered Generational Analysis Of Abortion Attitudes, Dyanna Washington

Sociology Senior Seminar Papers

Building on research conducted by sociologists on the predictors of abortion attitudes, through a secondary analysis of 2016 General Social Survey (GSS) data, with a total of 1571 respondents, I investigate the relationship between demographic identifiers, specifically age, sex, and religious fundamentalism, and approval rates of legal abortion. Using the age variable in GSS and drawing from Generational Cohort Theory, I isolate the generational cohorts baby boomers and millennials and hypothesize that baby boomers will approve of legal abortion in fewer instances than millennials. Moreover, I create Abortion Attitude Indexes from GSS questions on abortion, which enable me to separate ...


Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. McKinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd 2017 US Census Bureau

Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. Mckinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd

Labor Dynamics Institute

We report results from the first comprehensive total quality evaluation of five major indicators in the U.S. Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI): total employment, beginning-of-quarter employment, full-quarter employment, total payroll, and average monthly earnings of full-quarter employees. Beginning-of-quarter employment is also the main tabulation variable in the LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) workplace reports as displayed in OnTheMap (OTM). The evaluation is conducted by generating multiple threads of the edit and imputation models used in the LEHD Infrastructure File System. These threads conform to the Rubin (1987) multiple imputation model, with each ...


Betting The House: How Assets Influence Marriage Selection, Marital Stability, And Child Investments, Jeanne Lafortune, Corinne Low 2017 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Betting The House: How Assets Influence Marriage Selection, Marital Stability, And Child Investments, Jeanne Lafortune, Corinne Low

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Marriage used to be practically universal, but now persists as an institution for only some groups, while others choose non-marital fertility. This paper posits that if one role of marriage is to insure one partner's investment in children, then home-ownership can be seen as providing the necessary "collateral" for this contract. As easier divorce and paternity enforcement outside of marriage have reduced the relative strength of the marital contract, the division of assets, particularly the family home, post-separation has remained unique to marriage. We provide a model where husbands can "ante up" the marital home to elicit more optimal ...


Beyond The “Haves And Have Nots”: Using An Interdisciplinary Approach To Inform Federal Data Collection Efforts With Indigenous Populations, C. Aujean Lee 2017 University of California, Los Angeles

Beyond The “Haves And Have Nots”: Using An Interdisciplinary Approach To Inform Federal Data Collection Efforts With Indigenous Populations, C. Aujean Lee

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

This study demonstrates how multiple methods can inform national survey data collection efforts for Indigenous populations using Pacific Islanders as a case study. National data surveys are oftentimes limited in how they collect data on small populations due to data suppression, and they lack nuance in how they aggregate distinct populations. I conduct linear regression models of U.S. Census data to demonstrate that Pacific Islanders lag behind Whites in income, even after controlling for household characteristics and geography. Further analyses of oral histories and interviews with Pacific Islanders demonstrate that income disparities exist in part because of remittances, competing ...


A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek 2017 Wilfrid Laurier University

A Country In Crisis: The Changing Demographics Of Japan, Katherine Ziomek

Laurier Undergraduate Journal of the Arts

No abstract provided.


Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi McClary King 2017 University of Louisville

Health Advocacy Intervention For Youth : A Case Study Of Metro Youth Advocates., Tiffany Monyhan, Sasha Belenky, Kristi Mcclary King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt 2017 Seattle Pacific University

How Useful Is Gsv As An Environmental Observation Tool? An Analysis Of The Evidence So Far., Katherine Nesse, Leah Airt

SPU Works

Researchers in many disciplines have turned to Google Street View to replace pedestrian- or carbased in-person observation of streetscapes. It is most prevalent within the research literature on the relationship between neighborhood environments and public health but has been used as diverse as disaster recovery, ecology and wildlife habitat, and urban design. Evaluations of the tool have found that the results of GSV-based observation are similar to the results from in-person observation although the similarity depends on the type of characteristic being observed. Larger, permanent and discrete features showed more consistency between the two methods and smaller, transient and judgmental ...


Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University of Montana Rural Institute 2017 University of Montana - Research and Training Center on Disability in Rural Communities

Data Limitations In The American Community Survey: The Impact On Rural Disability Research, Lillie Greiman, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Independent Living and Community Participation

The American Community Survey (ACS) provides disability data across a wide range of variables and geographies. In fact, the ACS provides county-level disability data for variables such as gender, race, veteran status, poverty status and employment for people with disabilities. This is beneficial to rural disability researchers as rural is most commonly classified at the county level. However, though the ACS is a rich and comprehensive data source it is not without limitations. Rural researchers in particular are acutely aware of these limitations. The ACS provides data estimates for disability in rural counties but because of the survey design these ...


Recent Changes In Us Mortality: Continued Deterioration Relative To Peers, Yana Vierboom, Samuel Preston 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Recent Changes In Us Mortality: Continued Deterioration Relative To Peers, Yana Vierboom, Samuel Preston

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Several recent studies have documented a slowdown in rates of improvement in mortality in the United States (Case and Deaton 2017; Crimmins et al. 2011; Institute of Medicine and National Research Council 2013; Kochanek et al. 2016; Squires and Blumenthal 2016). Middle-aged white women have actually experienced rising mortality over much of the past several decades (Astone et al. 2015; Case and Deaton 2015; Kochanek 2016). The relatively slow declines in US mortality occur against a background in which US mortality was already high by standards of other OECD countries (Crimmins et al. 2011; Institute of Medicine and National Research ...


Zycie W Ameryce: Life In America (Poster), Brett A. Cotter 2017 College of the Holy Cross

Zycie W Ameryce: Life In America (Poster), Brett A. Cotter

24th Annual Undergraduate Summer Research Symposium (2017)

My project explores the history of the Polish-American community of Worcester, Massachusetts centered on the parish of Our Lady of Czestochowa and how its members responded to the forces of Americanization. Like many ethnic groups new to America, Polish-Americans and Polish immigrants in the twentieth century had to adapt in a world that demanded conformity in exchange for social mobility and departure from tradition and community. Over eight weeks, I conducted research in area archives such as the Worcester Historical Museum, the Worcester Public Library, and at Our Lady of Czestochowa’s rectory and its parish school of Saint Mary ...


Zycie W Ameryce: Life In America, Brett A. Cotter 2017 College of the Holy Cross

Zycie W Ameryce: Life In America, Brett A. Cotter

Summer Research Program

My project explores the history of the Polish-American community of Worcester, Massachusetts centered on the parish of Our Lady of Czestochowa and how its members responded to the forces of Americanization. Like many ethnic groups new to America, Polish-Americans and Polish immigrants in the twentieth century had to adapt in a world that demanded conformity in exchange for social mobility and departure from tradition and community. Over eight weeks, I conducted research in area archives such as the Worcester Historical Museum, the Worcester Public Library, and at Our Lady of Czestochowa’s rectory and its parish school of Saint Mary ...


Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Walking As Ontological Shifter: Thoughts In The Key Of Life, Bibi (Silvina) Calderaro

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

With walking as ontological shifter I pursue an alternative to the dominant modernist episteme that offers either/or onto-epistemologies of opposition and their reifying engagements. I propose this type of walking is an intentional turning towards a set of radical positions that, as integrative aesthetic and therapeutic practice, brings multiplicity and synchronicity to experience and being in an expanded sociality. This practice facilitates the conditions of possibility for recurring points of contact between the interiority perceived as ‘body’ and the exteriority perceived as ‘world.’ While making evident the self’s at once incoherence with it-self, it opens to a space ...


The Retention Of International Students To Their Place Of Study Upon Permanent Resident Status, Sonia P. Nguyen 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Retention Of International Students To Their Place Of Study Upon Permanent Resident Status, Sonia P. Nguyen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

International students have become an increasingly important source of permanent migration in meeting regionalization policy goals. However, little is known about their retention to their place of study after they transition to permanent resident status. Using data from the Longitudinal Immigrant Database (IMDB), this study examines how elements of international students’ pre-landed experience in Canada are related to their retention when they later become permanent residents in Canada. Results show that length of study and region of study are positively associated with the likelihood of international students landing in their place of study. Conversely, higher Canadian educational attainment and Canadian ...


Swedish Social Welfare And Its Application To American Welfare Systems, Ben Wilson Galloway 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Swedish Social Welfare And Its Application To American Welfare Systems, Ben Wilson Galloway

Theses and Dissertations

Swedish Social Welfare and its Application to American Welfare Systems concerns itself with the issue of determining the origins of the modern Swedish social welfare system. Additionally, the causes behind the formation of the system are evaluated for their relevancy concerning the formation of the American welfare system. Multiple areas of study are considered, including racial impacts, economic factors, sociological impactors, and demographic variables.


A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro 2017 University of Louisville

A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As stigmatized persons, registered sex offenders betoken instability in communities. Depressed home sale values are associated with the presence of registered sex offenders even though the public is largely unaware of the presence of registered sex offenders. Using a spatial multilevel approach, the current study examines the role registered sex offenders influence sale values of homes sold in 2015 for three U.S. counties (rural, suburban, and urban) located in Illinois and Kentucky within the social disorganization framework. Homebuyers were surveyed to examine whether awareness of local registered sex offenders and the homebuyer’s community type operate as moderators between ...


Oral History: ​Carol Fredette, 2017 College of the Holy Cross

Oral History: ​Carol Fredette

Zycie w Ameryce: A Collection of Polish-American Oral Histories

This conversation is an oral history interview with a former teacher at the Polish-American high school in Worcester, Saint Mary’s. The interviewee is not Polish, but of Lebanese descent, so provides the point of view of someone who came from outside the community yet still became a part of it. The interview touches on the rising importance of the English language, the Church’s centrality, ethnic parishes, school life, and high school basketball.

Interview keywords: English, ethnic parish, church, nun, club, basketball


Introduction To The Special Issue: Reconciling Research: Perspectives On Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, Susan Wingert, Jerry P. White 2017 Western University

Introduction To The Special Issue: Reconciling Research: Perspectives On Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, Susan Wingert, Jerry P. White

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

IIPJ is pleased to publish a two part special issue (Volume 8, Issue 2 & Volume 8, Issue 4 [forthcoming]), entitled Reconciling Research: Perspectives on Research Involving Indigenous Peoples, that focuses on issues, debates, and best practices in research with Indigenous Peoples.


Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Cambridge, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Latinos In Massachusetts Selected Areas: Cambridge, Phillip Granberry, Trevor Mattos

Gastón Institute Publications

This report provides a descriptive snapshot of selected economic, social, educational, and demographic indicators pertaining to Latinos in Cambridge. It reflects a commitment by UMass Boston’s Mauricio Gastón Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy to provide periodic updates on the growing Latino population in Massachusetts.

The report on Cambridge is part of a larger series that covers cities and towns in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts with a significant number of Latinos. Each report analyzes data from the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. We obtained the data from the American Factfinder website ...


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