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Não Somente Indígenas Como Também Africanos: Uma Introdução À Demografia Do Estado Do Grão-Pará E Rio Negro (1778-1823), Daniel S. Barroso 2016 Universidade de São Paulo

Não Somente Indígenas Como Também Africanos: Uma Introdução À Demografia Do Estado Do Grão-Pará E Rio Negro (1778-1823), Daniel S. Barroso

Daniel S. Barroso

No abstract provided.


Looking Upstream: A Sociological Investigation Of Mass Public Shootings, Joel A. Capellan 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Looking Upstream: A Sociological Investigation Of Mass Public Shootings, Joel A. Capellan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the last 40 years, social scientists have provided important insights into the different characteristics of mass public shootings: their prevalence, types, patterns, and individual risk factors. However, we still lack a fundamental understanding of the processes that shape its incidence and spatial distribution. Our failure to tap into these dynamics is rooted in our inability to escape the dominant paradigm in which this phenomenon has been examined. Literature on mass murders, and most recently on mass public shootings, has been trapped by an analytical framework that cares only for individual risk factors. This paradigm is myopic because it assumes ...


Can Noncompliant Behavior Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities In The Use Of Force By The Nypd? An Econometric Analysis Of New York's Stop-And-Frisk, Omari-Khalid Rahman 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Can Noncompliant Behavior Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities In The Use Of Force By The Nypd? An Econometric Analysis Of New York's Stop-And-Frisk, Omari-Khalid Rahman

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper seeks to analyze spatiotemporal variations in NYPD policing patterns in an attempt to identify the causal mechanism(s) driving the observed racial/ethnic disparities; specifically, it addresses questions of how changing neighborhood demographics influence the decision-making of NYPD officers/precincts as it relates to their controversial Stop-and-Frisk policy.


L'Effet De La Sélection De L’Immigrant En Bonne Santé Au Canada: Une Revue Systématique, Zoua Vang, Jennifer Sigouin, Astrid Flenon, Alain Gagnon 2016 McGill University

L'Effet De La Sélection De L’Immigrant En Bonne Santé Au Canada: Une Revue Systématique, Zoua Vang, Jennifer Sigouin, Astrid Flenon, Alain Gagnon

Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster Discussion Paper Series/ Un Réseau stratégique de connaissances Changements de population et parcours de vie Document de travail

Au Canada, la politique d'immigration favorise les individus ayant un capital humain élevé (Knowles, 2007). Étant donné les liens étroits entre le capital humain et la santé (Jasso et al., 2004) et le fait que les recherches suggèrent la présence d'un avantage de santé universel au sein de la population immigrante au Canada, nous nous attendions à observer l'effet de la sélection de l’immigrant en bonne santé à tous les stades du parcours de vie et sur des problèmes de santé multiples. Notre examen suggère plutôt un modèle plus complexe qu’envisagé initialement. Cette synthèse indique ...


Black Gentrification Twice Removed: A Study Of Migration And Community Involvement In Washington, Dc, Janwin A. Zeegar-Holman 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Black Gentrification Twice Removed: A Study Of Migration And Community Involvement In Washington, Dc, Janwin A. Zeegar-Holman

Capstone Collection

This paper is about Black people and community involvement against the backdrop of gentrification in Washington, DC, and possibility of Black-led neighborhood revitalization. My practicum in Southeast Washington DC compelled me to examine the ability of a Black person in Washington DC to sustain commitment to a community that they do not live in, and if Black people moving to gentrifying areas of Washington DC can help the predominantly Black non-gentrifying areas to gentrify on their own terms.

This paper focuses specifically on Black individuals who have spent time in DC and proposed ways that Black non-gentrifying communities can revitalize ...


Limited Common Origins Of Multiple Adult Health-Related Behaviors: Evidence From U.S. Twins, Nikkil Sudharsanan 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Limited Common Origins Of Multiple Adult Health-Related Behaviors: Evidence From U.S. Twins, Nikkil Sudharsanan

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Health-related behaviors are significant contributors to morbidity and mortality in the United States, yet the empirical evidence on the underlying causes of the vast within-population variation in health-related behaviors is mixed. While many potential causes of behaviors have been identified—such as schooling, genetics, and environments—little is known on how much of the variation across multiple health-related behaviors is due to a common set of causes. We use three separate datasets on U.S. twins to investigate the degree to which multiple health-related behaviors correlate and can be explained by a common set of factors. Based on the results ...


Cognitive Health Among Older Adults: Evidence From Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, Collin F. Payne, Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Kathy A. Lawler, Hans-Peter Kohler 2016 Harvard University

Cognitive Health Among Older Adults: Evidence From Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, Collin F. Payne, Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Kathy A. Lawler, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Cognitive health is an important dimension of well-being in older ages, but few studies have investigated cognitive health in sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) growing population of mature adults (= persons age 45+). We use data from the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH) to document the age and gender patterns of cognitive health, the contextual and life-course correlates of poor cognitive health, and the understudied linkages between cognitive and physical/mental well-being. Surprisingly, the age-pattern of decline in cognitive health for both men and women is similar to that observed in the U.S. We also find that women ...


Maternity And Work: The Impossible Challenge Of Japanese Women, Valérie Harvey 2016 Laval University

Maternity And Work: The Impossible Challenge Of Japanese Women, Valérie Harvey

Journal for Social Thought

Japan’s declining birth rate reached a record low in 2005 with a fertility rate of 1.26 births. This study explores the principal factors behind Japanese women’s waning desire to have children: the obligation of marriage; the impact of higher education on women; a grueling job market making conciliation of career and family extremely difficult. Based on interviews with Japanese women (with and without children), this research verified the influence of marriage, education and the job market on their child-bearing rate. Results indicate that the desire to have children does not seem to be an underlying factor in ...


University Of Hawaii At Hilo: International Female Student Diversity And Inclusion Workshop, Leslie Lehuanani McClung 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

University Of Hawaii At Hilo: International Female Student Diversity And Inclusion Workshop, Leslie Lehuanani Mcclung

Capstone Collection

The purpose of the University of Hawaii at Hilo’ Women’s Center is to provide advocacy, access, education, equity and equality to women and minority students on campus. On March 8, 2016, The Women’s Center at the University of Hawaii at Hilo held an International Women’s Day event. During the event, the topic about their experiences here at UH Hilo was brought up. Five of the seven panelists felt like they lacked the knowledge and support of on-campus resources including the Women’s Center. The response to the women’s day event led the Women’s Center staff ...


Modalities Of Injustice In The Subaltern Discourse, Theresa M. McClary-Jeffryes 2016 Western Kentucky University

Modalities Of Injustice In The Subaltern Discourse, Theresa M. Mcclary-Jeffryes

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Subaltern persons continue to be most negatively impacted by the hegemonic practices of institutions. Subaltern populations are the furthest removed from political agency, not only by the insecurities of their lived experiences, but also by academic and agency discourses that recreate the subaltern political citizen-subject in modes representing the “Other” through lenses of elite scholarship and high theory. The subaltern agent is not present in her own political making. The considerations of social justice require both the underpinnings of a global ethics of caring and a commitment to center the subaltern citizen subject’s account of herself as corresponding privileged ...


Using Surveys To Learn The Opinions Of New Residents, Rebecca Vogt, Randolph Cantrell, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Using Surveys To Learn The Opinions Of New Residents, Rebecca Vogt, Randolph Cantrell, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

No abstract provided.


Domesticating The Diaspora: Memory And The Life Of Sister Katie, Caroline Waldron Merithew 2016 University of Dayton

Domesticating The Diaspora: Memory And The Life Of Sister Katie, Caroline Waldron Merithew

Caroline Merithew

Three shrines in Illinois honor heroes of the working class: one for the legendary Mother Jones; one for the Virden martyrs, who died for coal mining unionism, and whose memory is kept alive by labor organizers around the world; and one for Catherine (Katie) Bianco DeRorre. Katie's monument, unlike the others, draws few visitors today. But when it was dedicated in 1961, men and women — on the floor of the U.S. Congress, in the neighborhood where Katie grew up, at American universities, in union halls, on the streets of New York City, and in Milan — took notice and ...


Making The Italian Other: Blacks, Whites, And The In Between In The 1895 Spring Valley, Illinois, Race Riot, Caroline Waldron Merithew 2016 University of Dayton

Making The Italian Other: Blacks, Whites, And The In Between In The 1895 Spring Valley, Illinois, Race Riot, Caroline Waldron Merithew

Caroline Merithew

This essay takes the Spring Valley, Illinois, race riot and observes how blacks, Italians, and other new immigrants attempted to empower themselves and lay claim to status at the "nadir" of race relations ill this country. The events leading up to the riot, the assault on the African-American community, and the aftermath of the attack led to vocal outcries against oppression. What constituted oppression, however, was open to interpretation. Furthermore, no group defined itself, or its other, in isolation. Rather, each side responded to the rhetoric of its "opponents" as well as of middle-class whites who became involved in the ...


Desegregation, John R. Norton 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Desegregation, John R. Norton

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


U.S. Births Remain Low As The Great Recession Wanes; More Than Three Million Fewer Births And Still Counting, Kenneth Johnson 2016 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

U.S. Births Remain Low As The Great Recession Wanes; More Than Three Million Fewer Births And Still Counting, Kenneth Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this fact sheet, author Ken Johnson discusses how since the onset of the Great Recession, there have been 3.4 million fewer U.S. births than expected. National Center for Health Statistics data for 2015 show the lowest general fertility rate on record and only 3,978,000 births last year. There were 338,000 fewer births in 2015 than in 2007, just before the Recession began to influence fertility. This decline in births is entirely due to reduced fertility rates. In 2015, the shortfall of births was nearly 600,000, and recent data provide no evidence of any ...


Revitalizing The Ethnosphere: Global Society, Ethnodiversity, And The Stakes Of Cultural Genocide, Christopher Powell Ph.D. 2016 Ryerson University

Revitalizing The Ethnosphere: Global Society, Ethnodiversity, And The Stakes Of Cultural Genocide, Christopher Powell Ph.D.

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This paper uses the concepts of ethnosphere and ethnodiversity to frame the stakes of cultural genocide in the context of the emerging global society. We are in an era of rapid global ethnodiversity loss. Global ethnodiversity is important because different cultures produce different solutions to the subjective and objective problems of human society, and because cultures have an intrinsic value. Rapid ethnodiversity loss is a byproduct of the expansion of the modern world-system, and Lemkin’s invention of the concept of genocide can be understood as a dialectical reaction to this tendency. The current phase of globalization creates pressures towards ...


An Analysis Of Burmese And Iraqi Resettlement Location And Assimilation In A Midsized City: Implications For Educational And Other Community Leaders, Donna Schiess Renaud 2016 Western Kentucky University

An Analysis Of Burmese And Iraqi Resettlement Location And Assimilation In A Midsized City: Implications For Educational And Other Community Leaders, Donna Schiess Renaud

Donna S. Renaud

Refugees face different circumstances than other immigrants regarding housing in initial resettlement in the U.S. Refugees have no choice of their initial residence as this is determined in advance by the resettlement agency. Refugees who belong to minority ethnic groups and who have little education or skills may experience discrimination and hostility from local citizens. Resettlement areas that are high in population density, rental units, minorities, crime, unemployment, inadequate transportation, and low income may present additional barriers to cultural and economic assimilation.

This mixed-method study had a twofold purpose. The first was to describe quantitatively how the initial resettlement ...


Demographic Profile, Geographic Distribution, Disability Prevalence, And Likelihood Of Being In-Poverty Amongst Grandparents Responsible For Grandchildren, Carlos Siordia, Mary E. Rauktis 2016 University of Pittsburgh - Main Campus

Demographic Profile, Geographic Distribution, Disability Prevalence, And Likelihood Of Being In-Poverty Amongst Grandparents Responsible For Grandchildren, Carlos Siordia, Mary E. Rauktis

GrandFamilies: The Contemporary Journal of Research, Practice and Policy

Evidence-based research on Grandparents Responsible for Grandchildren (GRfG) continues to grow in recent decades. This brief report expands global knowledge on custodial grandparents by making use of a large data resource in the United States (US). The specific aim was to delineate the demographic profile, geographic distribution, and prevalence of specific-disabilities for the GRFG population in the US mainland. We also explore how demographic factors are associated with likelihood of being in-poverty. The analysis used data from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file. The ACS is a nationally representative, yearly, statistical survey administered ...


Living Alone And Subsequent Living Arrangement Transitions Among Older Americans, Yao-Chi Shih 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Living Alone And Subsequent Living Arrangement Transitions Among Older Americans, Yao-Chi Shih

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Past research often considers living alone as a risk factor for older persons. In fact, adverse health outcomes are associated with living arrangement transitions, suggesting a need to consider the dynamic process of living arrangements. Using eight waves of the Health and Retirement Study (1998-2012), this study examines three research questions: (1) Do older Americans’ living arrangements exhibit a pattern of sequence? (2) What are implications of living arrangements at particular older ages on life expectancy? (3) What factors predict transitions out of a living alone arrangement?

The first analysis displays and classifies ordered patterns of living arrangements over time ...


Household Shocks And Transition Into Marriage: Evidence From Rural Ethiopia, Boyd K. Tembo 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Household Shocks And Transition Into Marriage: Evidence From Rural Ethiopia, Boyd K. Tembo

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The study tests the primary hypothesis that household shocks do not have a positive and significant correlation with a child's transition into early marriage. It finds that there is no statistically significant correlation between parental death and transition into marriage for both genders of subjects in the study.


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