Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Tourism Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

847 Full-Text Articles 995 Authors 634,595 Downloads 106 Institutions

All Articles in Tourism

Faceted Search

847 full-text articles. Page 1 of 32.

Covid-19 And Its Economic Implications For Turkish Tour Guides, Mehmet Yavuz Çetinkaya, Zafer Öter 2022 University of Pamukkale, Denizli, Turkey

Covid-19 And Its Economic Implications For Turkish Tour Guides, Mehmet Yavuz Çetinkaya, Zafer Öter

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

The COVID-19 outbreak, which became one of the most stunning pandemics of the modern era, had a truly global effect on the world economy in a short period of time. Almost all countries were negatively impacted by the outbreak, which practically paralysed global life and resulted in negative dynamics, unprecedented conditions, and obstacles. Türkiye was not immune to this, having felt seriously negative consequences during this period. Tourism, nearly coming to a complete interruption for the first time since World War II in the 21st century, happened to be one of the hardest hit industries. The industry of tourism in ...


An Overview Of Tour-Guide Training Literature In Türkiye, Nazım Çokişler 2022 Izmir Katip Çelebi University

An Overview Of Tour-Guide Training Literature In Türkiye, Nazım Çokişler

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

The discussion of tour-guide training, which started in the 1990s in Türkiye has been taken up in the associated literature more than in any other country. No studies were previously carried out, however, to place the nearly-30-year-prolonged discussions in a historical framework and evaluate them. Yet, understanding the evolution of such training-related discussions has the potential to lead to remarkably useful information for future analyses of the subject. The purpose of the present research is to provide an overall evaluation of the literature about tourguide training in Türkiye. To this end, the literature was reviewed, and the issues addressed as ...


Interpretation Performed By Certified Tourist Guides In Lisbon During The Pandemic: A Case Study, Luis Miguel Brito, Cristina Carvalho 2022 Escola Superior de Hotelaria e Turismo do Estoril

Interpretation Performed By Certified Tourist Guides In Lisbon During The Pandemic: A Case Study, Luis Miguel Brito, Cristina Carvalho

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Interpretation quality distinguishes tourist guides. According to an investigation carried out by the authors in 2012, tourists who travel with a guide claim that although these professionals play many different, relevant, and complementary roles, interpretation is, without a doubt, the most important asset. In Europe, a traveller can find tourist guides who have a certification issued by international European organisations and who have gone through training in interpretation, together with guides who do not have any training at all and are not certified by any organisation. This paper is only about the former. The idea of conducting this study arose ...


Travel Agencies And Tourist Guides Adapting To Crisis: The Portuguese Case, Ilídia C. G. Carvalho 2022 Lisbon Lusiada University

Travel Agencies And Tourist Guides Adapting To Crisis: The Portuguese Case, Ilídia C. G. Carvalho

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Tourism is constantly changing and new paradigms arise. Most recently, travel agencies and tourist guides have been facing difficulties and have had to quickly adapt themselves to be able to keep a position in the tourism market. COVID-19 brought major changes to travel and experience in destinations and it certainly increased the use of technology, which has totally changed communication systems and relationships in tourism. For this paper, interviews with Portuguese travel agents and tourist guides were carried out and were later analysed allowing the author to gain insights into the current situation regarding these two stakeholders, which were previously ...


Smart City Tours As An Innovative Way To (Re)Discover Urban Environments In An Italian Context, Miriam L. Weiß 2022 Eurac Research - Institute for Regional Development

Smart City Tours As An Innovative Way To (Re)Discover Urban Environments In An Italian Context, Miriam L. Weiß

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

This article explores the foundations upon which to build innovation and further professionalise the tour guiding sector in an Italian context. It is based on a cooperation initiative started in March 2020 just at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic which proposes smart city tours as innovative, sustainable, and creative ways to (re)discover urban environments with the expected impact to make tour participants think, influence post-tour behaviour towards sustainability, and to provide a differentiated view of a visited place. The study is designed as a formative evaluation prior to introducing measures that allow further exploitation of the potential for ...


The Resilience Of Proximity Tourism During The Pandemic: Local Walking Tours Of Budapest, János Klaniczay 2022 Department of Urban Planning and Design, Budapest University of Technology and Economics

The Resilience Of Proximity Tourism During The Pandemic: Local Walking Tours Of Budapest, János Klaniczay

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Global tourism was hit hard by the Covid-19 pandemic, but an exception can be seen among walking tour companies providing tours for locals in Budapest, who saw a rise in demand for their tours during the summer and early autumn of 2020. During pre-pandemic times tourism levels broke records annually, and one of the main concerns was overtourism in certain cities, but due to COVID-19, international arrivals hit record-lows and millions of jobs became endangered. Meanwhile data show that local alternative walking tours in Budapest could operate sustainably during the pandemic at almost the same capacity as before, because local ...


Tour Guides And Access To Trails: Problems In The Baħrija Area Of Malta, David Pace 2022 Technological University Dublin

Tour Guides And Access To Trails: Problems In The Baħrija Area Of Malta, David Pace

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

The Maltese islands barely cover an area of 300 square kilometres and yet, they enjoy a varied landscape characterised by cliffs, ridges, hills and valleys. There are over a hundred valleys on the main island of Malta and many provide important waterways during the rainy season and present some of the most beautiful and varied scenery. The most accessible include the Qlejgħa valley and White Poplar Valley (Wied il-Luq). Both are frequented by thousands of visitors, particularly during the weekends and are also quite popular with tourists during the winter months. Malta’s high population density, the influx of millions ...


Ijtgr Volume 3 Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia 2022 Technological University Dublin

Ijtgr Volume 3 Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Green Marketing Orientations Of Green Hotels During Covid-19 With Fuzzy, Ceylan Bozpolat, Burcu Simsek Yagli 2022 Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University

Analysis Of Green Marketing Orientations Of Green Hotels During Covid-19 With Fuzzy, Ceylan Bozpolat, Burcu Simsek Yagli

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

This study aims to examine the role of natural environmental orientation, environmental pressures of stakeholders and brand orientation in green marketing orientations of green hotel businesses in the Cappadocia region during the COVID-19 process. For this purpose, a total of six experts, three of which are green hotel managers and three academicians, were interviewed and the collected data were analysed through the fuzzy method, one of the multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods. Due to the limited number of studies in this context in the literature, the current study contributes to the literature. The causal relationships between many factors are analysed ...


The Effect Of Organizational Change On Organizational Commitment, Ali Sukru Cetinkaya, Shafiq Habibi 2022 Selcuk University

The Effect Of Organizational Change On Organizational Commitment, Ali Sukru Cetinkaya, Shafiq Habibi

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Change is an ongoing process of renewing the structures, directions, and capabilities of the organizations to adapt to the variable needs of customers, employees, and the marketplace. Thus, organization needs to change in order to stay in the market. Change process will be smoothed by employee’s commitment. There is a strong need to examine the effects of organizational change on organizational commitment. In this quantitative research, survey technique was used as a data collection tool. It employs the scale developed by Meyer and Allen (2004) for organizational commitment. Items used for organizational change have been adapted from scales created ...


Tourism-Oncology: More Than A Treatment, Ozge Buyuk, Gulsah Akkus 2022 Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Tourism-Oncology: More Than A Treatment, Ozge Buyuk, Gulsah Akkus

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Medical tourism is a growing global niche market all over the world. In this study, which intends to assess the status of "tourism-oncology," texts obtained longitudinally from digital and social media were analyzed for content. Tourism-oncology has evolved as an economic activity within the context of medical tourism in Turkey. The research revealed that (i) oncology was among the top five, (ii) lung cancer was the cancer type that results in the most travel, (iii) the user profiles shared on social media were mostly those of travel agencies and health-consulting businesses, (iv) Istanbul, Antalya, Ankara, Izmir, and Mugla were the ...


The Role Of Green Brand Equity On Luxury Hotel Performance: The Mediating Role Of Green Image And Green Awareness, Iveren C. Bulya, Francis K. Eziokwu, Glory Aberekor 2022 Cyprus International University

The Role Of Green Brand Equity On Luxury Hotel Performance: The Mediating Role Of Green Image And Green Awareness, Iveren C. Bulya, Francis K. Eziokwu, Glory Aberekor

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

This study seeks to validate previous reports by demonstrating a connection between broad consumer views of green brand equity and environmental awareness and positive green brand image perceptions of luxury tourism. The purpose of this study is to clarify the mediating role of green image and green awareness in the relationship between green brand equity and luxury hotel performance. The result of this article is to verify the positive relationships between green brand equity and its two drivers – green brand image, green awareness which help to achieve hotel performance for luxury brands.


The Importance Of Crisis Management In Tourism, Dora S. Jurdana, Romina Agbaba 2022 University of Rijeka

The Importance Of Crisis Management In Tourism, Dora S. Jurdana, Romina Agbaba

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

The tourism industry has been exposed to different crisis situations, which reveal tourism's vulnerability and jeopardise its development through the damage they inflict as well as through their unpredictability. Tourism has proven to be resilient in rebounding in the aftermath of crises. In a globalized world which is constantly changing and in which crises affect people’s lives, managing them is an integral part of effective destination management. The main goal is to research the readiness of the tourism system for crises and to underline the importance of crisis management in order to strengthen the resilience of tourism to ...


Characteristic Of Turkey Registered Geographical Indications (Gi) Of Food And Agricultural Products In Regions, Nihan Akdemir, Aykut Simsek 2022 Kocaeli University

Characteristic Of Turkey Registered Geographical Indications (Gi) Of Food And Agricultural Products In Regions, Nihan Akdemir, Aykut Simsek

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Geographically Indications (GI) is as a niche market for countries, creates value-added and has a strong link with origin and cultural heritage. The aim of this study is to examine registered GI products that can be considered as gastronomically in Turkey in terms of regions and product groups determined by the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office. For this purpose, the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office Geographical Indications Portal (www.ci.turkpatent.gov.tr) was examined in depth, based on the descriptive scanning model. As a result of the examinations, it has been seen that Turkey has 825 registered GI of ...


Marketing For Creative Literary Tourism: Cases And Opportunities, Ana M. Matias, Luis Cardoso, Maria L. Pato 2022 Polytechnic Institute of Viseu

Marketing For Creative Literary Tourism: Cases And Opportunities, Ana M. Matias, Luis Cardoso, Maria L. Pato

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

In the context of Territorial Marketing, it is intended to present a prospective work on the management of destinations based on cultural heritage. We therefore seek to demonstrate the importance of literary heritage and the effective possibility of its touristic use in Portugal, in the context of cultural and creative tourism, leveraged by Cultural Marketing strategies for low-density regions. In what concerns methodology, the paper is based on an extensive literature analysis and case studies, also taking into account available secondary data concerning relevant policies and suggests new possibilities for diversifying tourism offer at literary sites, leveraging the sociohistorical background ...


A Study To Determine Gokceada's Adventure Tourism Potential, Berrin Yilmaz, Haci M. Yildirim 2022 Canakkale Onsekiz Mart Univeristy

A Study To Determine Gokceada's Adventure Tourism Potential, Berrin Yilmaz, Haci M. Yildirim

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Adventure tourism is one of the special interest tourism types that have developed with the changes in people's wishes and tourism understanding. In adventure tourism, people get away from routine and visit destinations where they can perform different activities, such as adventure, risk, adrenaline, and courage. Adventure tourism activities are defined as soft and hard according to the level of risk they contain, and as air, land, water, and mixed-based activities according to the place where they organized. Gökçeada, which is the largest island of Turkey and known as a cittaslow, has a wide adventure tourism potential with its ...


Local Food In The Menus: The Case Of Denizli, Sule Demirbas, Serkan Bertan 2022 Pamukkale University

Local Food In The Menus: The Case Of Denizli, Sule Demirbas, Serkan Bertan

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Local cuisine is an important element in the destination selection of tourists. In this study, the place of local dishes in the menus of restaurant businesses was examined. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with hotel and restaurant business managers and chefs in Denizli. As a result of this study, it is seen that businesses partially include local dishes in their menus, and businesses take into account profitability, price, value and customers' taste while determining their menus. It has been determined that customers prefer familiar dishes more, they tend to other dishes instead of local dishes due to the fast à la ...


Effect Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Career Planning: A Study On University Students In Tourism Department, Mehmet Polat 2022 Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University

Effect Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Career Planning: A Study On University Students In Tourism Department, Mehmet Polat

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected many sectors, including the tourism sector. In this process, many tourism sector employees lost their jobs. Employees who lost their jobs did not return by turning to different sectors. This situation has revealed the lack of qualified personnel in the tourism sector. This study focuses on universities that provide qualified personnel to the tourism sector. The aim is to explore how the career plans of students who receive tourism education are affected after the COVID-19 outbreak. The research was carried out through an online survey in December 2021. The results of the study show ...


The Role Of Women In Migration And Urbanization-Culinary Culture Interaction, Gozde Yilmaz, Selda Uca, Emrah Ozkul 2022 Kocaeli University

The Role Of Women In Migration And Urbanization-Culinary Culture Interaction, Gozde Yilmaz, Selda Uca, Emrah Ozkul

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

The kitchen is one of the most important components reflecting the culture of a society. Individuals and communities have first fronted to getting know culinary cultures in order to adapt to new places of life due to migration. Women have been seen as an important factor in ensuring the interaction and continuity of culinary cultures. In this study, how can women have a role on culinary culture in the interaction of migration and urbanization- culinary culture based on the question of migration and culture in this context, it is aimed to evaluate the research conducted on culinary culture and women ...


Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Public Acceptance Of Medical Screening Recommendations, Safety Risks, And Implied Liabilities Requirements For Space Flight Participation, Cory J. Trunkhill

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The space tourism industry is preparing to send space flight participants on orbital and suborbital flights. Space flight participants are not professional astronauts and are not subject to the rules and guidelines covering space flight crewmembers. This research addresses public acceptance of current Federal Aviation Administration guidance and regulations as designated for civil participation in human space flight.

The research utilized an ordinal linear regression analysis of survey data to explore the public acceptance of the current medical screening recommended guidance and the regulations for safety risk and implied liability for space flight participation. Independent variables constituted participant demographic representations ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress