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School Lunch Programs And The American Diet: Exploring A Contested Food Terrain, Rebecca Som Castellano 2017 University of Kentucky

School Lunch Programs And The American Diet: Exploring A Contested Food Terrain, Rebecca Som Castellano

Rebecca L. Som Castellano

This study examines the social actors and issues involved in constructing and contesting the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), in order to identify whose interests are involved in shaping an institution which transmits dietary habits and food knowledge to the nation’s children through the mid day meal.

For the historical analysis, I collected data from historical accounts of the NSLP, congressional hearings, laws, and newspaper articles. For the contemporary analysis, I interviewed 15 actors representing organizations key to federal NLSP policy making. To frame my analysis, I utilize a model of power, based on the work of Arts and ...


The Value Of Value-Added: Science, Technology, And Policy In Educational Evaluation, Daniel Douglas 2017 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Value Of Value-Added: Science, Technology, And Policy In Educational Evaluation, Daniel Douglas

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the first decade of the 21st century, researchers and policymakers in K-12 education began to focus on evaluating teacher and school performance based on students’ standardized test scores. One evaluative technique, value-added assessment (VAA), has been given particular attention. This research presents a comprehensive study of the theoretical, technical, historical and political dimensions VAA. Theoretically, the assumptions that underlie value-added diverge significantly from the observed operations of the schools and classrooms these models are supposed to evaluate. Technically, even if the theoretical assumptions are accepted, teachers’ actual value-added rankings are shown to be unstable across time periods and ...


Schooling Attainment’S Influence On Internet Adoption: Education’S Role In The Cross-National Development Of The Mass-Media Knowledge Gap, Bryan A. Mann, William C. Smith, David Baker 2017 The Pennsylvania State University

Schooling Attainment’S Influence On Internet Adoption: Education’S Role In The Cross-National Development Of The Mass-Media Knowledge Gap, Bryan A. Mann, William C. Smith, David Baker

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Research about innovation adoption underplays the role of educational attainment in the individual consumption of technology; consequently, past research underestimates the importance education plays independent of wealth in diffusion, particularly as absolute levels of formal education rise worldwide. Using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), this study employs clustered logistic regression to show how educational attainment of adults independently relates to household Internet adoption, net of wealth and other social factors. The results nuance and enhance discussions about the Digital Divide and the mass media knowledge gap hypothesis, showing, through a unique, cross-national dataset, that indeed there ...


Perceptions Of Disadvantaged Youth On Social And Economic Asymmetry: A Case Study In Hong Kong’S New Territories, Robert W. Spires 2017 Valdosta State University

Perceptions Of Disadvantaged Youth On Social And Economic Asymmetry: A Case Study In Hong Kong’S New Territories, Robert W. Spires

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Many social issues exist for marginalized youth in the New Territories of Hong Kong, despite Hong Kong’s high standard of living. Increasingly, attention is being paid to social mobility of Hong Kong’s younger generations. Youth in the New Territories face academic, economic, social and cultural barriers, in part due to tracking into low-ranked Band 3 schools. In order to better understand these barriers, this study took a phenomenological approach to understanding selected youth’s perceptions and perspectives on these barriers. This qualitative case study, being both exploratory and descriptive, developed thematic findings across interviews, field observations and document ...


Examining The Predictors Of Mental Health Outcomes Among Undergraduate Postsecondary Students In Canada, Brooke Linden, Rozzet Jurdi-Hage 2017 Queen’s University

Examining The Predictors Of Mental Health Outcomes Among Undergraduate Postsecondary Students In Canada, Brooke Linden, Rozzet Jurdi-Hage

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Symptoms consistent with mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression are dominant in both prevalence and in severity among North American post-secondary student populations over the past several years. This study examines undergraduate students’ self-reported symptoms consistent with two common mental illnesses in a Canadian context, and sheds light on several predictors of students’ mental health outcomes, including perceived contextual stressors, coping strategies, and perceived barriers to help seeking. Data for this investigation were obtained through the completion of self-administered questionnaires from a sample of 209 undergraduate students attending a public western Canadian university during the fall semester of 2014 ...


Dual Enrollment And Its Impact On College Freshman Persistence: A Modification Of Tinto's Model Of Student Departure, Douglas L. Simon 2017 South Dakota State University

Dual Enrollment And Its Impact On College Freshman Persistence: A Modification Of Tinto's Model Of Student Departure, Douglas L. Simon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which dual enrollment programs directly or indirectly influenced persistence behavior at a small, public liberal arts university in the Midwest. Dual enrollment in this study broadly refers to high school students who take college courses for college credit. The second purpose was to explore the underlying processes whereby dual enrollments programs serve as a transition bridge for matriculating students. This study employed a longitudinal case study using two survey questionnaires, four focus groups, and institutional data collected by the college. The subjects that participated in the study were first-year ...


The Educational Aspirations Of Saudi Arabian Youth: Implications For Creating A New Framework To Explain Saudi Arabian Society, Woohyang Sim 2016 Waseda University

The Educational Aspirations Of Saudi Arabian Youth: Implications For Creating A New Framework To Explain Saudi Arabian Society, Woohyang Sim

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Higher education in Saudi Arabia has garnered immense praise for its rapid expansion and developments in both quantity and quality. In response to this, the tertiary school enrollment in Saudi Arabia is rapidly rising. These achievements can be explained by changes in educational policies. However, studies regarding youth’s awareness are scarce. Thus, this study clarifies the educational aspiration of Saudi Arabia's young generations through an awareness survey. Data collected from 316 respondents was analyzed by using SPSS. The findings of this study indicate strong educational aspirations of young Saudis who are motivated by their meritocratic way of thinking ...


A Study Of The Perceptions Of Racial Equity In One Early Childhood Education Program, Dawn M. Meskil 2016 East Tennessee State University

A Study Of The Perceptions Of Racial Equity In One Early Childhood Education Program, Dawn M. Meskil

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although public education in the United States has had remarkable growth and improvement since its beginning, significant inadequacies concerning racial equity continue to cast a shadow on the system. Despite desegregation efforts and specific attention to providing integrated school settings there has been little progress in establishing educational justice. The purpose of this case study was to uncover perceptions about racial inequity within Asheville City Schools as well as potential facilitators of equity. A qualitative case study using 10 guiding research questions was conducted to evaluate the perceptions of parents as well as educators at Asheville City Schools Preschool regarding ...


A Mother's Spiritual Journey With Her Disabled Son: An Autoethnography, Margaret Higgins, Margaret Cusack Higgins, Margaret C. Higgins EDD, Margaret Cusack Higgins EDD, Margaret C. Higgins EDD, Margaret Higgins EDD 2016 National Louis University

A Mother's Spiritual Journey With Her Disabled Son: An Autoethnography, Margaret Higgins, Margaret Cusack Higgins, Margaret C. Higgins Edd, Margaret Cusack Higgins Edd, Margaret C. Higgins Edd, Margaret Higgins Edd

Dissertations

Abstract

This autoethnographic research delves into a mother’s experiences with her disabled son over thirty-five years. Beginning with a thick description of the crib accident that resulted in physical and cognitive disabilities that profoundly change the course of both mother and son’s life, this research chronicles the search for meaning, community, and healing as they negotiate the realms of medicine, education, career, family, and spirituality. Models of disability that seek to explain various ways in which society often views disability are examined, but none resonate with the researcher’s intimate experiences nor satisfies her deepest needs for insight ...


From The Voices Of California Female High School Principals: Examining Barriers And Support Systems In A New Era Of Educational Reform Through The Lens Of Activity Theory, Janice M. Jones 2016 Brandman University

From The Voices Of California Female High School Principals: Examining Barriers And Support Systems In A New Era Of Educational Reform Through The Lens Of Activity Theory, Janice M. Jones

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the perceived barriers and support systems female high school principals experienced, through the lens of activity theory, while attaining and serving in their current position during the newest era of educational reform in a specific geographical region.

Methodology: Semistructured interviews were conducted with current female high school principals to gather data on the barriers and support systems they experienced. The theoretical framework of activity theory was used to analyze the subjects’ interaction with their environment as they sought the outcome of becoming and serving as high school principals.

Findings: Women ...


Transitioning From High School To College: Examining The Sources And Influences Of Social Capital For A First-Generation Latina Student, Randall F. Clemens 2016 St. John's University

Transitioning From High School To College: Examining The Sources And Influences Of Social Capital For A First-Generation Latina Student, Randall F. Clemens

The Qualitative Report

This paper uses the life history method to narrate the experiences of Camilla, a 19-year-old, first-year student at a four-year university. Camilla emigrated with her mother from El Salvador to the United States during her freshman year of high school. Based on two years of data collection, the author presents Camilla’s experiences at different stages, including her childhood in El Salvador, first and last year in high school, and her first year in college. The paper explores the sources and influences of social capital for a low-income, first-generation student and highlights its dynamic and contextual nature. The author argues ...


‘It Relates To My Everyday Life.’ Critical Pedagogy And Student Explanations Of Interest In Sociology Course Topics, Mindy R. Mauldin, Cullen T. O'Donnell, Chastity L. Blankenship, Jeremie Bates 2016 Florida Southern College

‘It Relates To My Everyday Life.’ Critical Pedagogy And Student Explanations Of Interest In Sociology Course Topics, Mindy R. Mauldin, Cullen T. O'Donnell, Chastity L. Blankenship, Jeremie Bates

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

We applied critical pedagogy in the college classroom by asking students what topics they would want covered in their Introduction to Sociology courses if they were given the power to decide. Students were also asked to explain why they were interested, and uninterested, in learning about the topics they chose from our questionnaire. Survey data was collected from 191 students at a southeastern community college; the majority were not sociology majors. Overall, students were the most interested in learning about culture, deviance, race, and gender issues. Students were the least interested in learning about topics concerning urbanization and the economy ...


From The Editor, 2016 Kansas State University Libraries

From The Editor

International Journal of School Social Work

First volume: From the Editor


Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, Georgia M. Daleure 2016 Higher Colleges of Technology

Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, Georgia M. Daleure

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study examines factors leading to unemployment among young Emirati adults and new entrants to the workforce despite the abundant employment opportunities available in the UAE private sector. The study points out that new entrants to the workforce, including a growing number of college graduates, find few opportunities in the preferred but saturated public sector so they are faced with a three-part employment decision: considering employment in the private sector for a long-term career, entering the private sector temporarily, or remaining unemployed until an opportunity emerges in the public sector. The study sheds light on the obvious question, “Why would ...


Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein 2016 Mercer University, Atlanta

Impact Of Interviews On Heterosexual Students' Expressions Of Cultural Competency, Carol Isaac, Linda Behar-Horenstein

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the effects of a cultural competency intervention on dental pre-doctoral students’ attitudes toward individuals of a different sexual orientation. 22 heterosexual students interviewed gay or lesbian individuals and wrote reflective text. Results illustrated that participants found that their interviewees had “surprisingly similar” beliefs and values – especially in the areas of religion and family. Because of their “similar values,” these students expressed respect toward their interviewees who were “so different” than themselves. This conclusion of “sameness” forced them to see homosexuals as people, rather than a stigmatized invisible outgroup, mitigating sexual prejudice.


Low German Mennonite Experiences In Alternative Education Programs In Southwestern Ontario, Cameron Brubacher 2016 Wilfrid Laurier University

Low German Mennonite Experiences In Alternative Education Programs In Southwestern Ontario, Cameron Brubacher

Social Justice and Community Engagement

Low German Speaking (LGS) Mennonites have had a tumultuous relationship with Canadian educational institutions in the past, resulting in many from the community migrating to Mexico in the 1920s. Since the 1950s, LGS Mennonites from Mexico and South America have been migrating back to Canada, with over 40,000 making their homes in Ontario. Many in Ontario, however, still have misgivings about public education. With such a large presence in Ontario, Ontario schools need to make sure that they are inclusive places for this minority group. This MRP utilizes open-ended interviews to hear the experiences and views of Low German ...


The Intergenerational Effects Of Residential Schools On Children’S Educational Experiences In Ontario And Canada’S Western Provinces, Donna L. Feir 2016 University of Victoria

The Intergenerational Effects Of Residential Schools On Children’S Educational Experiences In Ontario And Canada’S Western Provinces, Donna L. Feir

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The intergenerational effects of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools have been widely discussed, but limited empirical work exists. I use the confidential wave of the 2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey of Children and Youth (APSCY) to study the association between mothers’ residential school attendance and their children’s educational outcomes and experiences in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia. Holding a number of factors constant, I demonstrate that children whose mothers attended residential school are more likely to be suspended or expelled and have worse school experiences on average than children whose mothers did not. Children are also more likely ...


Mexican Origin Youth And The Gang Context: Social Identities And School Experiences, Leticia Villarreal Sosa 2016 Dominican University

Mexican Origin Youth And The Gang Context: Social Identities And School Experiences, Leticia Villarreal Sosa

International Journal of School Social Work

Youth, gang involved or not, living in a community with a gang problem are impacted in various ways. This study draws from qualitative interviews over the transition to high school of thirty-two Mexican origin students in Chicago. The Extended Case Method (ECM) was employed for the analysis of the qualitative data. Using borderlands and social identity theory, results indicated that the school response to the youth gang problem directly impacted students’ educational experiences, how staff viewed them, and how they negotiated these social categorizations. Students reported unrecognized trauma due to the level of violence and marginalizing experiences in school. An ...


Found Poem Dos, Mitchell McGowan, Mateo Ramirez Yelton 2016 Humboldt State University

Found Poem Dos, Mitchell Mcgowan, Mateo Ramirez Yelton

CouRaGeouS Cuentos: A Journal of Counternarratives

No abstract provided.


Found Poem Uno, Patricia Cortés, Mireya Ortega, Cynthia Paredes, Javier Rojas 2016 Humboldt State University

Found Poem Uno, Patricia Cortés, Mireya Ortega, Cynthia Paredes, Javier Rojas

CouRaGeouS Cuentos: A Journal of Counternarratives

No abstract provided.


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