Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Rural Sociology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,251 Full-Text Articles 1,284 Authors 255,606 Downloads 84 Institutions

All Articles in Rural Sociology

Faceted Search

1,251 full-text articles. Page 3 of 32.

Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell 2017 Iowa State College

Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell

Bulletin

Even a most superficial study of the Iowa dairy industry indicates its economic importance to the state. Dairying utilizes a huge physical production plant, spread out on almost 200,000 Iowa farms, and extensive processing and marketing facilities including creameries, ice cream plants, milk distributing agencies, cheese factories and condenseries. Together these constitute one of the states largest industries, providing about 16 percent of the income of Iowa farmers, and an important and dependable share of the income of townspeople.

No one group alone is interested in and responsible for the success of the Iowa dairy industry. The farmer or ...


Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden 2017 Iowa State College

Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden

Bulletin

This study analyzes the standard of living of 451 Iowa farm families, of which 212 were farm owners and the remaining 239 farm tenants, living in Boone, Story and Sac Counties. All farms in the respective areas were included. The data analyzed are for one year, ending July 1, 1923.

Scales were devised from the actual expenditures and activities for families of varying sizes, ages and sexes so as to reduce all families to common units of comparison.


Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick 2017 Iowa State College

Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick

Bulletin

How much does it cost farm families to live? Does the farm family live more cheaply that the city family, inasmuch as a considerable proportion of the farm family’s food and fuel and all of the family’s shelter are furnished by the farm? Does the farm family enjoy as high a standard of living as the city family? What is the relative enjoyment each gets from its expenditures for the satisfaction of the higher human wants?

These questions are often discussed, but usually with little or no actual first-hand information on which to base the discussions.


A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln 2017 Iowa State College

A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln

Bulletin

Agriculture is still our chief business, but the study of agriculture should be something more than a study of its economic problems. It should be educational, moral, political, religious and social, as well. Good business in agriculture has a vital relationship with all other activities of men in the open country. Upon good farming wait all other institutions and community enterprises in the country, such as good homes, good schools, good churches, good roads and the many other rural community or co-operative enterprises. But it should be remembered that good farming is only a means and that good living is ...


A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro 2017 University of Louisville

A Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Household Financial Reactions And Homebuyer Awareness Of Registered Sex Offenders In A Rural, Suburban, And Urban County., John Charles Navarro

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As stigmatized persons, registered sex offenders betoken instability in communities. Depressed home sale values are associated with the presence of registered sex offenders even though the public is largely unaware of the presence of registered sex offenders. Using a spatial multilevel approach, the current study examines the role registered sex offenders influence sale values of homes sold in 2015 for three U.S. counties (rural, suburban, and urban) located in Illinois and Kentucky within the social disorganization framework. Homebuyers were surveyed to examine whether awareness of local registered sex offenders and the homebuyer’s community type operate as moderators between ...


Rural Social Survey Of Hudson, Orange And Jesup Consolidated School Districts, Black-Hawk And Buchanan Counties, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, Harry L. Eells 2017 Iowa State College

Rural Social Survey Of Hudson, Orange And Jesup Consolidated School Districts, Black-Hawk And Buchanan Counties, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, Harry L. Eells

Bulletin

This bulletin contains a detailed survey of the 385 farm homes and farm families living in Hudson, Orange and Jesup consolidated school districts of Blackhawk and Buchanan counties.

Farm people are constantly asking two questions. These are: “(1) What can we do to make life on the farm mean more? (2) How can we, with the cooperation of those engaged in the scientific study of rural life, secure a richer and fuller farm life?” But before farm people can find or work out a constructive and satisfactory solution to these questions they must have accurate and first-hand information on two ...


The Social Aspects Of Rural Life And Farm Tenantry, Cedar County, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, E. L. Kirkpatrick, C. R. Hoffer, J. F. Thaden 2017 Iowa State College

The Social Aspects Of Rural Life And Farm Tenantry, Cedar County, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, E. L. Kirkpatrick, C. R. Hoffer, J. F. Thaden

Bulletin

This survey is a detailed study of 400 farms and farm families located in the northwest corner of Cedar county, Iowa. The area comprises Pioneer, Fremont, Red Oak, Linn, and the northeast part of Cass townships, exclusive of the incorporated towns of Stanwood and Mechanicsville. Only a record of the organizations and institutions in these towns is included in this study. The study is a detailed analysis of the population, economic, educational, religious and social conditions as found on the 400 farms and among the farm people on these farms. The area covers 128 square miles, or a little over ...


A Rural Social Survey Of Lone Tree Township, Clay County, Iowa, Geo. H. Van Tungeln 2017 Iowa State College

A Rural Social Survey Of Lone Tree Township, Clay County, Iowa, Geo. H. Van Tungeln

Bulletin

Agriculture is still our chief business, but the study and practice of agriculture should be something more than a mere study or examination of economic problems. It should be a study or examination of the educational, moral, political, religious and social conditions as well, for each of these has a vital relationship with all other activities of men in the open country. It is true that upon good farming wait all other institutions in the country, such as good homes, good schools, good churches, good roads, and the many other rural co-operative enterprises, but it is to foster and improve ...


Festival Heterotopias: Spatial And Temporal Transformations In Two Small-Scale Settlements, Bernadette Quinn, Linda Wilks 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Festival Heterotopias: Spatial And Temporal Transformations In Two Small-Scale Settlements, Bernadette Quinn, Linda Wilks

Articles

This paper reports the findings of research undertaken at two festivals which take place in small-scale settlements: one in a village set in rural western Ireland, the other in a small coastal town set within a largely rural Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in southern England. It uses Foucault’s concept of heterotopia as an analytical tool to further understandings of how the spatial and temporal interruptions caused by festivals temporarily transform the prevailing social order. The findings attest to the manner in which festivals juxtapose several incompatible spaces, creating a diverse array of social alterations in consequence, and highlight ...


Farmers’ Cooperatives In China: A Typology Of Fraud And Failure, Zhanping HU, Forrest Q. ZHANG, John A. DONALDSON 2017 Singapore Management University

Farmers’ Cooperatives In China: A Typology Of Fraud And Failure, Zhanping Hu, Forrest Q. Zhang, John A. Donaldson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Since the 1990s, agricultural cooperatives—particularly what China calls Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives—have experienced rapid expansion in China. After more than two decades of growth and policy support, what is the overall performance of the ever-increasing numbers of these cooperatives? We visited 50 cooperatives across the country, most of which had officially been lauded as successful, to make a first-hand evaluation of their overall status and performance. We argue that, judging by either international or Chinese standards, the vast majority of these agricultural cooperatives are not authentic and fail to deliver expected benefits to smallholders. We categorize them into five ...


Is It A Jungle Out There? Meat Packing, Immigrants, And Rural Communities, Georgeanne Artz, Rebecca Jackson, Peter Orazem 2017 University of Missouri

Is It A Jungle Out There? Meat Packing, Immigrants, And Rural Communities, Georgeanne Artz, Rebecca Jackson, Peter Orazem

Rebecca Jackson

The shift of the U.S. meat packing industry from urban to rural areas has generated controversy regarding potential social and economic costs of meat packing plants on their host communities. This study uses media comments to identify the most prominent controversies regarding meat packing, its largely immigrant workforce, and rural communities. We find that the industry has impacted the demographic composition of rural communities and their schools, but find no evidence that the industry increases per capita government expenditures. Our results suggest rural communities trade off the economic benefits of hosting these large employers against the costs of accommodating ...


Farm Ownership In The Midwest, John F. Timmons, Raleigh Barlowe 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Ownership In The Midwest, John F. Timmons, Raleigh Barlowe

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Most of the farms in the Midwest were established during the last 75 to 125 years. The people who came into the region wanted to own the land they operated, and in the early days a very high proportion of the farmers had an equity in the land on which they were living. From the beginning it has been the general policy of the federal and state agencies to encourage a pattern of owner-operated family-type farms. Public opinion has favored this policy.

Mechanized farming has made it possible for a farm family to operate larger acreages, and as a result ...


Improved Production Systems For Common Bean On Ferralsol Soil In South-Central Uganda, Lance H. Goettsch, Andrew W. Lenssen, Russell S. Yost, Ebby S. Luvaga, Onesmus Semalulu, Moses Tenywa, Richard Miiro, Robert E. Mazur 2017 Iowa State University

Improved Production Systems For Common Bean On Ferralsol Soil In South-Central Uganda, Lance H. Goettsch, Andrew W. Lenssen, Russell S. Yost, Ebby S. Luvaga, Onesmus Semalulu, Moses Tenywa, Richard Miiro, Robert E. Mazur

Agronomy Publications

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important source of dietary protein in Uganda but current grain yields are low. Production is particularly low on the degraded Ferralsol soils that dominate the landscape because these soils are generally weathered, acidic and infertile. A study was done on a Ferralsol soil in Masaka District, Uganda to compare productivity and economic return to labor and management (ERLM) for four bean cultivars grown under three management systems. The experimental design was a randomized complete block in a split-plot arrangement. Management system was the whole-plot factor and included the Conventional Farmer (CFS), Improved ...


Teacher Supply And Demand In Home Economics In Iowa, 1935-1941, Hester Chadderdon 2017 Iowa State College

Teacher Supply And Demand In Home Economics In Iowa, 1935-1941, Hester Chadderdon

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Fifteen Iowa colleges and universities prepared 1,051 students to meet the state requirements for teaching home economics in the secondary schools between 1935 and 1941. The number prepared in 1940 was 74.7 percent greater than in 1935.

Slightly over three-fourths (76.3 percent) gave some service to Iowa high schools. The percentages going into teaching in the state from the different institutions varied from 33 to 100.

Of 271 not teaching in the secondary schools of Iowa immediately after c9mpleting their preparation, 100 taught in other states or at other school levels. Eighty-eight students taught outside Iowa the ...


General Agriculture In The High Schools Of Iowa, J. A. Starrak, Max W. Kneedy 2017 Iowa State College

General Agriculture In The High Schools Of Iowa, J. A. Starrak, Max W. Kneedy

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The three R's dominated the program of the common schools until about the turn of the century. The first decade, 1900-1910, saw determined efforts made to relate the program of the common schools to the life of the child outside the school. Part of this effort can be attributed to the growing consciousness that the practices of agriculture could be improved greatly through application of scientific principles.. This also accounts for the organization and rapid development of agricultural extension services in a number of states, notably Iowa. P. G. Holden, the first director of organized extension work in Iowa ...


Some Farm Family Gardens Pay In Dollars, Margaret E. Tiffany, Margaret G. Reid 2017 Iowa State College

Some Farm Family Gardens Pay In Dollars, Margaret E. Tiffany, Margaret G. Reid

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

According to the 1940 census for Iowa the average estimated value of the garden products reported (excluding potatoes) ranged from $27 in the Western Livestock area to $38 in the Northeast Dairy are!l and from $21 in Plymouth County to $55 in Winneshiek. The state average was $35. These figures are averages of crude estimates. They do, however, serve to reveal that the returns from farm family gardens differ greatly within the state.

To learn more about possible returns from farm family gardens, data on garden returns, costs and difficulties and fruits and vegetables purchased were secured from groups ...


Problems Of Beginning Farmers In Iowa, J. A. Starrak 2017 Iowa State College

Problems Of Beginning Farmers In Iowa, J. A. Starrak

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The investigation upon which this report is based, was made by interviewing 504 farmers who had begun farming as independent operators since 1930. The primary objectives were as follows:

1. To discover the problems which present major difficulties to young farmers in Iowa in their endeavor to become established in farming as independent operators.

2. To discover the ways and means commonly employed by beginning farmers in solving the problems encountered.

3. To ascertain the degree of success which is achieved by the typical young farmer in Iowa in solving the problems and overcoming the difficulties attendant upon establishment in ...


Twenty-One Years Of Iowa Farm Records, John A. Hopkins 2017 Iowa State College

Twenty-One Years Of Iowa Farm Records, John A. Hopkins

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

This bulletin summarizes over 11,000 records kept by Iowa farmers from 1920 to 1940. It shows the reactions of a group of relatively efficient farmers to changes in prices and in weather during a period that begins at the end of one great war, includes the reconstruction period that followed, the secondary Great Depression, followed by a period of serious drouth, economic recovery, and finally some of the initial impacts of another major war.

It is estimated that from 1920 to 1940 gross sales on these farms were 140 to 190 percent of those on the average Iowa farm ...


Economic Problems Of Low Income Farmers In Iowa, Lawrence W. Witt 2017 Iowa State College

Economic Problems Of Low Income Farmers In Iowa, Lawrence W. Witt

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The basic economic and social maladjustments confronting American agriculture during the preceding two decades have stimulated a variety of studies and a variety of programs intended to correct the discrepancies in income. At first they were centered around methods of raising prices to farmers, often by placing a barrier between domestic and foreign prices, under the assumption that such price changes would correct the major portion of the unfavorable income position of the farm economy. As the programs and researches expanded and proliferated there was a growing realization that such broad, industry-wide approaches did very little to change the distribution ...


Social And Ecological Patterns In The Farm Leadership Of Four Iowa Townships, Bryce Ryan 2017 Iowa State College

Social And Ecological Patterns In The Farm Leadership Of Four Iowa Townships, Bryce Ryan

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

During the past decade farmers have been organizing for action on a variety of issues probably as never before. The problem of obtaining effective leadership has arisen time and again in this emergence of .organizations and programs. The present study was initiated in response to this situation as an effort to learn more about the relationships between farmers and the persons in whom they repose confidence for leadership. Some of the more specific questions which underlie this inquiry are: The extent to which farmers can visualize and agree upon specific individuals as effective leaders; the geographic patterning of agreement; the ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress