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Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold 2017 East Tennessee State University

Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the identities of family farm operators and the challenges to maintaining viable farm operations in today’s agricultural economy. Employing a grounded qualitative approach, the author conducted 18 in-depth interviews with principal farm operators from Iowa and Tennessee. Using the insights of farmers from geographically different agricultural regions, this study notes how preserving family histories, socialization processes, and farming as a moral career inform operators’ understandings of themselves and the work they do. The analysis also focuses on how family farm operators contend with a globalized agricultural economy and the moral and ethical concerns of managing ...


Relief In Rural Iowa, R. E. Wakeley, A. H. Anderson 2017 Iowa State College

Relief In Rural Iowa, R. E. Wakeley, A. H. Anderson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Relief is a major problem, for the people of Iowa. The extent to which it reaches into the pockets of farmers, wage earners and business men is indicated by the following nine-county summary for the 5-year period, 1932-36.

One in ten families in the counties surveyed was on relief in 1936, exclusive of W P A employment. If the total relief cost, including W P A had been allotted equally among all families in Iowa, each non-relief family would have supported a relief family for slightly more than a month during each year. Relief cost each family in the county ...


Rural Organizations And Land Utilization On Muscatine Island: A Study Of Social Adjustments, Ray E. Wakeley, J. Edwin Losey 2017 Iowa State College

Rural Organizations And Land Utilization On Muscatine Island: A Study Of Social Adjustments, Ray E. Wakeley, J. Edwin Losey

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Muscatine Island was selected as the area for this investigation because it was relatively small, isolated and characterized by a distinctive type of farming (fig. 1). It was a problem area where farming offered only limited security, where income was low and success difficult to attain. Problems of land utilization and social organization had arisen frequently on the Island. Alternative choices in farm enterprises and in social organizations were few. In such an area the complicated relations between organizations and land use were relatively easy to isolate and describe.

The central problems of this study are problems of rural organizations ...


Some Factors Affecting Improvement In Iowa Farm Family Housing, Margaret G. Reid 2017 Iowa State College

Some Factors Affecting Improvement In Iowa Farm Family Housing, Margaret G. Reid

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

During 1934 and 1935 two housing surveys were made in rural Iowa. One included 18,789 farm dwellings and the other 8,798 dwellings in Iowa towns and villages of less than 2,500 population.1 The information thus secured has created much interest in housing, and many questions have been asked as to why dwellings are not in better condition, why more of them do not have modern improvements, what can be done to improve them. It is hoped that this analysis and the suggestions herein contained will be helpful in shaping policies and programs which have to do ...


Part-Time And Garden Farming In Iowa, Ray E. Wakeley 2017 Iowa State College

Part-Time And Garden Farming In Iowa, Ray E. Wakeley

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Part-time farming has arrived in Iowa to stay. Present indications are that increases in the number of part-time farms during the depression will be maintained and future increases may be expected. Part-time farming is becoming a big business in Iowa and this combination of rural living, farming and industrial employment may influence appreciably the future development of the state.

The part-time farmer, strategically located between country and city, has important common interests with both groups. He is identified with neither, however, and least of all with the country. Thus problems arise which both farmer and city dweller must consider if ...


Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell 2017 Iowa State College

Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Even a most superficial study of the Iowa dairy industry indicates its economic importance to the state. Dairying utilizes a huge physical production plant, spread out on almost 200,000 Iowa farms, and extensive processing and marketing facilities including creameries, ice cream plants, milk distributing agencies, cheese factories and condenseries. Together these constitute one of the states largest industries, providing about 16 percent of the income of Iowa farmers, and an important and dependable share of the income of townspeople.

No one group alone is interested in and responsible for the success of the Iowa dairy industry. The farmer or ...


Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden 2017 Iowa State College

Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

This study analyzes the standard of living of 451 Iowa farm families, of which 212 were farm owners and the remaining 239 farm tenants, living in Boone, Story and Sac Counties. All farms in the respective areas were included. The data analyzed are for one year, ending July 1, 1923.

Scales were devised from the actual expenditures and activities for families of varying sizes, ages and sexes so as to reduce all families to common units of comparison.


Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick 2017 Iowa State College

Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

How much does it cost farm families to live? Does the farm family live more cheaply that the city family, inasmuch as a considerable proportion of the farm family’s food and fuel and all of the family’s shelter are furnished by the farm? Does the farm family enjoy as high a standard of living as the city family? What is the relative enjoyment each gets from its expenditures for the satisfaction of the higher human wants?

These questions are often discussed, but usually with little or no actual first-hand information on which to base the discussions.


A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln 2017 Iowa State College

A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Agriculture is still our chief business, but the study of agriculture should be something more than a study of its economic problems. It should be educational, moral, political, religious and social, as well. Good business in agriculture has a vital relationship with all other activities of men in the open country. Upon good farming wait all other institutions and community enterprises in the country, such as good homes, good schools, good churches, good roads and the many other rural community or co-operative enterprises. But it should be remembered that good farming is only a means and that good living is ...


Rural Social Survey Of Hudson, Orange And Jesup Consolidated School Districts, Black-Hawk And Buchanan Counties, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, Harry L. Eells 2017 Iowa State College

Rural Social Survey Of Hudson, Orange And Jesup Consolidated School Districts, Black-Hawk And Buchanan Counties, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, Harry L. Eells

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

This bulletin contains a detailed survey of the 385 farm homes and farm families living in Hudson, Orange and Jesup consolidated school districts of Blackhawk and Buchanan counties.

Farm people are constantly asking two questions. These are: “(1) What can we do to make life on the farm mean more? (2) How can we, with the cooperation of those engaged in the scientific study of rural life, secure a richer and fuller farm life?” But before farm people can find or work out a constructive and satisfactory solution to these questions they must have accurate and first-hand information on two ...


The Social Aspects Of Rural Life And Farm Tenantry, Cedar County, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, E. L. Kirkpatrick, C. R. Hoffer, J. F. Thaden 2017 Iowa State College

The Social Aspects Of Rural Life And Farm Tenantry, Cedar County, Iowa, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, E. L. Kirkpatrick, C. R. Hoffer, J. F. Thaden

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

This survey is a detailed study of 400 farms and farm families located in the northwest corner of Cedar county, Iowa. The area comprises Pioneer, Fremont, Red Oak, Linn, and the northeast part of Cass townships, exclusive of the incorporated towns of Stanwood and Mechanicsville. Only a record of the organizations and institutions in these towns is included in this study. The study is a detailed analysis of the population, economic, educational, religious and social conditions as found on the 400 farms and among the farm people on these farms. The area covers 128 square miles, or a little over ...


A Rural Social Survey Of Lone Tree Township, Clay County, Iowa, Geo. H. Van Tungeln 2017 Iowa State College

A Rural Social Survey Of Lone Tree Township, Clay County, Iowa, Geo. H. Van Tungeln

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Agriculture is still our chief business, but the study and practice of agriculture should be something more than a mere study or examination of economic problems. It should be a study or examination of the educational, moral, political, religious and social conditions as well, for each of these has a vital relationship with all other activities of men in the open country. It is true that upon good farming wait all other institutions in the country, such as good homes, good schools, good churches, good roads, and the many other rural co-operative enterprises, but it is to foster and improve ...


Is It A Jungle Out There? Meat Packing, Immigrants, And Rural Communities, Georgeanne Artz, Rebecca Jackson, Peter Orazem 2017 University of Missouri

Is It A Jungle Out There? Meat Packing, Immigrants, And Rural Communities, Georgeanne Artz, Rebecca Jackson, Peter Orazem

Rebecca Jackson

The shift of the U.S. meat packing industry from urban to rural areas has generated controversy regarding potential social and economic costs of meat packing plants on their host communities. This study uses media comments to identify the most prominent controversies regarding meat packing, its largely immigrant workforce, and rural communities. We find that the industry has impacted the demographic composition of rural communities and their schools, but find no evidence that the industry increases per capita government expenditures. Our results suggest rural communities trade off the economic benefits of hosting these large employers against the costs of accommodating ...


Farm Ownership In The Midwest, John F. Timmons, Raleigh Barlowe 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Ownership In The Midwest, John F. Timmons, Raleigh Barlowe

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Most of the farms in the Midwest were established during the last 75 to 125 years. The people who came into the region wanted to own the land they operated, and in the early days a very high proportion of the farmers had an equity in the land on which they were living. From the beginning it has been the general policy of the federal and state agencies to encourage a pattern of owner-operated family-type farms. Public opinion has favored this policy.

Mechanized farming has made it possible for a farm family to operate larger acreages, and as a result ...


Teacher Supply And Demand In Home Economics In Iowa, 1935-1941, Hester Chadderdon 2017 Iowa State College

Teacher Supply And Demand In Home Economics In Iowa, 1935-1941, Hester Chadderdon

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Fifteen Iowa colleges and universities prepared 1,051 students to meet the state requirements for teaching home economics in the secondary schools between 1935 and 1941. The number prepared in 1940 was 74.7 percent greater than in 1935.

Slightly over three-fourths (76.3 percent) gave some service to Iowa high schools. The percentages going into teaching in the state from the different institutions varied from 33 to 100.

Of 271 not teaching in the secondary schools of Iowa immediately after c9mpleting their preparation, 100 taught in other states or at other school levels. Eighty-eight students taught outside Iowa the ...


General Agriculture In The High Schools Of Iowa, J. A. Starrak, Max W. Kneedy 2017 Iowa State College

General Agriculture In The High Schools Of Iowa, J. A. Starrak, Max W. Kneedy

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The three R's dominated the program of the common schools until about the turn of the century. The first decade, 1900-1910, saw determined efforts made to relate the program of the common schools to the life of the child outside the school. Part of this effort can be attributed to the growing consciousness that the practices of agriculture could be improved greatly through application of scientific principles.. This also accounts for the organization and rapid development of agricultural extension services in a number of states, notably Iowa. P. G. Holden, the first director of organized extension work in Iowa ...


Some Farm Family Gardens Pay In Dollars, Margaret E. Tiffany, Margaret G. Reid 2017 Iowa State College

Some Farm Family Gardens Pay In Dollars, Margaret E. Tiffany, Margaret G. Reid

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

According to the 1940 census for Iowa the average estimated value of the garden products reported (excluding potatoes) ranged from $27 in the Western Livestock area to $38 in the Northeast Dairy are!l and from $21 in Plymouth County to $55 in Winneshiek. The state average was $35. These figures are averages of crude estimates. They do, however, serve to reveal that the returns from farm family gardens differ greatly within the state.

To learn more about possible returns from farm family gardens, data on garden returns, costs and difficulties and fruits and vegetables purchased were secured from groups ...


Problems Of Beginning Farmers In Iowa, J. A. Starrak 2017 Iowa State College

Problems Of Beginning Farmers In Iowa, J. A. Starrak

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The investigation upon which this report is based, was made by interviewing 504 farmers who had begun farming as independent operators since 1930. The primary objectives were as follows:

1. To discover the problems which present major difficulties to young farmers in Iowa in their endeavor to become established in farming as independent operators.

2. To discover the ways and means commonly employed by beginning farmers in solving the problems encountered.

3. To ascertain the degree of success which is achieved by the typical young farmer in Iowa in solving the problems and overcoming the difficulties attendant upon establishment in ...


Twenty-One Years Of Iowa Farm Records, John A. Hopkins 2017 Iowa State College

Twenty-One Years Of Iowa Farm Records, John A. Hopkins

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

This bulletin summarizes over 11,000 records kept by Iowa farmers from 1920 to 1940. It shows the reactions of a group of relatively efficient farmers to changes in prices and in weather during a period that begins at the end of one great war, includes the reconstruction period that followed, the secondary Great Depression, followed by a period of serious drouth, economic recovery, and finally some of the initial impacts of another major war.

It is estimated that from 1920 to 1940 gross sales on these farms were 140 to 190 percent of those on the average Iowa farm ...


Economic Problems Of Low Income Farmers In Iowa, Lawrence W. Witt 2017 Iowa State College

Economic Problems Of Low Income Farmers In Iowa, Lawrence W. Witt

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The basic economic and social maladjustments confronting American agriculture during the preceding two decades have stimulated a variety of studies and a variety of programs intended to correct the discrepancies in income. At first they were centered around methods of raising prices to farmers, often by placing a barrier between domestic and foreign prices, under the assumption that such price changes would correct the major portion of the unfavorable income position of the farm economy. As the programs and researches expanded and proliferated there was a growing realization that such broad, industry-wide approaches did very little to change the distribution ...


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