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Ecological And Economic Benefits Of Integrating Sheep Into Viticulture Production, Meredith T. Niles, Rachael Garrett, Drew Walsh 2018 The University of Vermont

Ecological And Economic Benefits Of Integrating Sheep Into Viticulture Production, Meredith T. Niles, Rachael Garrett, Drew Walsh

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

The integration of crop and livestock systems has been recognized for its potential to reduce the environmental impacts associated with agriculture and improve farmer livelihoods. However, to date, most research has focused on the integration of cattle into crop and pasture systems. Here we examine the integration of sheep into vineyards and assess farmers’ perceived benefits and costs of the practice. Viticulture expansion has led to significant land use change in recent years and new environmental challenges, particularly with respect to herbicide use. Sheep integration into vineyards offers the potential to utilize the synergies of both systems to reduce external ...


Improving Access To Justice In The Rural Reaches Of Southern California, Lisa R. Pruitt , Rebecca H. Williams 2018 University of California, Davis

Improving Access To Justice In The Rural Reaches Of Southern California, Lisa R. Pruitt , Rebecca H. Williams

Lisa R Pruitt

Our nation has, in recent years, become aware of the lawyer shortage afflicting rural communities, as well as associated access to justice challenges.  This short article, written for an issue of Los Angeles Lawyer Magazine dedicated to access to justice, focuses on Southern California’s rural communities. In particular, we analyze recent data on attorney distribution throughout that region to highlight the extent and details of the rural attorney shortage in eight Southern California counties.
 
We begin by introducing the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of rural communities, including high poverty rates, remoteness from services, poor public transportation infrastructure.  Next we ...


Women’S Work? The Relationship Between Farmwork And Gender Self-Perception, Jolene Smyth, Alexis Swendener, Emily Kazyak 2018 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Women’S Work? The Relationship Between Farmwork And Gender Self-Perception, Jolene Smyth, Alexis Swendener, Emily Kazyak

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

Women have long been involved in agricultural production, yet farming and ranching have been associated with masculinity and men. In recent years women have become more involved and more likely to take active and equal roles on farms and ranches and thus increasingly are doing tasks that have been associated with masculinity. Prior work indicates that women are perceived by others as more masculine when they do these tasks, but less work has focused on the association between women’s involvement in farming and women’s own perceptions of their gender (i.e., how masculine or feminine they feel). Using ...


Politics And The Price Of Rice In Thailand: Public Choice, Institutional Change And Rural Subsidies, Jacob RICKS 2018 Singapore Management University

Politics And The Price Of Rice In Thailand: Public Choice, Institutional Change And Rural Subsidies, Jacob Ricks

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Despite the Thai state’s long record of rice marketinterventions, historically politicians failed to leverage rice subsidies intheir pursuit of political support, notwithstanding the large number of farmersin the country. Since Thaksin Shinawatra’s election in 2001, though, eachgovernment has subsidised rice producers, although at varying degrees. Whatexplains this change? This article traces the four-decade history of rice pricesupport programmes. It is proposed that these policies be interpreted throughthe dual lens of institutionalism and public choice theory, demonstrating howpolitical institutions have shapedincentives for politicians to cater to different constituencies. During thepre-1980 period, under authoritarian regimes, Thai leaders applied rice pricepolicies ...


Rural Access To Justice In The Golden State, Lisa R. Pruitt 2017 University of California, Davis

Rural Access To Justice In The Golden State, Lisa R. Pruitt

Lisa R Pruitt

This working paper analyzes the rural lawyer shortage and discusses other aspects of rural access to justice in the State of California.  The paper provides detailed data on where lawyers are and are not practicing in the state.  It will be published as part of an article comparing rural access to justice in South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Georgia and California.  


Editor's Introduction, Mathew Schmalz 2017 College of the Holy Cross

Editor's Introduction, Mathew Schmalz

Journal of Global Catholicism

An overview of African Catholicism. Part Two: Retrospect and Prospect, third issue of the Journal of Global Catholicism. A summary of the work of Bradford Hinze, Mary Gloria Njoku, Matthias Scharer, Mary Sylvia Nwachukwu, and Bernhard Udelhoven. Among the topics considered: African ecclesiology, African wellness and quality of life in Africa, interreligious dialogue in Africa, African Biblical scholarship, witchcraft and the Catholic Church.


A “Hammer Held Over Their Heads”: Voluntary Conservation Spurred By The Prospect Of Regulatory Enforcement In Oregon, Katherine L. Wollstein, Emily Jane Davis 2017 University of Idaho

A “Hammer Held Over Their Heads”: Voluntary Conservation Spurred By The Prospect Of Regulatory Enforcement In Oregon, Katherine L. Wollstein, Emily Jane Davis

Human–Wildlife Interactions

When the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service determined that greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; sage-grouse) did not warrant listing under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 2015, the agency recognized a coordinated effort of private landowners, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and state and federal agencies that effectively reduced threats to the species. This effort exemplified an alternative model to species conservation that relies on voluntary conservation of private landowners to preclude government regulation. Through one in-depth case study of private landowners’ voluntary sage-grouse conservation efforts in Lake County, Oregon, we explored features of these voluntary arrangements that motivate participating private landowners ...


Dynamics Of Household Role Performance And The Culture Of Child Health Production In Igbo-Ora, Southwestern Nigeria, Kabiru K. Salami, Ayodele S. Jegede, Frederick O. Oshiname 2017 University of Ibadan, Ibadan Nigeria

Dynamics Of Household Role Performance And The Culture Of Child Health Production In Igbo-Ora, Southwestern Nigeria, Kabiru K. Salami, Ayodele S. Jegede, Frederick O. Oshiname

Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences

Studies about production of health for children have mainly concentrated on the behavior of one or two key household members compared to the dynamics in households involving three or more members. Health production refers to the process of directing available knowledge, skills, and resources towards ensuring, maintaining, and sustaining the health of the members. This cross-sectional design study explored how the dynamics of household structure and members’ roles influence the process of health production in a rural Nigerian community. An interviewer-moderated questionnaire was administered through a panel survey approach in 576 households. Twelve in-depth interviews and eight group discussion sessions ...


Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold 2017 East Tennessee State University

Identities And Persistence Of Family Farm Operators, Parker T. Arnold

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the identities of family farm operators and the challenges to maintaining viable farm operations in today’s agricultural economy. Employing a grounded qualitative approach, the author conducted 18 in-depth interviews with principal farm operators from Iowa and Tennessee. Using the insights of farmers from geographically different agricultural regions, this study notes how preserving family histories, socialization processes, and farming as a moral career inform operators’ understandings of themselves and the work they do. The analysis also focuses on how family farm operators contend with a globalized agricultural economy and the moral and ethical concerns of managing ...


Moving Mountains : A Study Examining Long-Term Impacts Of Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining On Mortality In The Appalachian Region Using Geographic Information Sciences Techniques., James Howard Kent Pugh 2017 University of Louisville

Moving Mountains : A Study Examining Long-Term Impacts Of Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining On Mortality In The Appalachian Region Using Geographic Information Sciences Techniques., James Howard Kent Pugh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Over the last hundred years, the Appalachian region has been dominated by the coal industry. It has also been and currently is one of the unhealthiest regions in the United States. Recent scholarship has examined the relationship between coal mining and health and mortality rates in the Appalachian region. The first study incorporates air quality and pollution data to examine if coal mining counties have higher levels of pollution and if this pollution contributes to mortality disadvantage. In the second study, I construct a population-based coal-exposure measure to better evaluate the relationship between coal mining and health I find that ...


Water Injustice In Jendouba Governorate, Wilder McCoy 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Water Injustice In Jendouba Governorate, Wilder Mccoy

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Water is a precious resource even in a tropical rainforest, and in a dry country like Tunisia it is essential. Located in the south central region of the Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia, like nearly every other Mediterranean country, faces a stark challenge in providing clean drinking water to its growing population. Compared to its neighbors, Tunisia, with a few minor exceptions, does a good job in meeting this goal. In the rural northwestern governorate of Jendouba, where most of the country’s surface water comes from, there is ironically a dire need for clean drinking water in the rural areas outside ...


Bridging The Gap From Policy To Practice: Diabetes In Rural Morocco, Zoe H. Robbin 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Bridging The Gap From Policy To Practice: Diabetes In Rural Morocco, Zoe H. Robbin

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Morocco is in the midst of an epidemiologic transition ushered in by reduced fertility rates and extended life expectancy. Unlike two decades ago, today’s leading cause of death is chronic disease. In 2006, Moroccan officials launched Vision 2020, a comprehensive plan that seeks to expand access to healthcare and reign back the prevalence of noncommunicable disease, among other goals related to development. Through qualitative interviews with the residents of Tarmilat and Oulmes, a rural community south of Khamissat, this paper represents the first assessment of Vision 2020’s performance thus far to combat the spread of type 2 diabetes ...


Relief In Rural Iowa, R. E. Wakeley, A. H. Anderson 2017 Iowa State College

Relief In Rural Iowa, R. E. Wakeley, A. H. Anderson

Bulletin

Relief is a major problem, for the people of Iowa. The extent to which it reaches into the pockets of farmers, wage earners and business men is indicated by the following nine-county summary for the 5-year period, 1932-36.

One in ten families in the counties surveyed was on relief in 1936, exclusive of W P A employment. If the total relief cost, including W P A had been allotted equally among all families in Iowa, each non-relief family would have supported a relief family for slightly more than a month during each year. Relief cost each family in the county ...


Rural Organizations And Land Utilization On Muscatine Island: A Study Of Social Adjustments, Ray E. Wakeley, J. Edwin Losey 2017 Iowa State College

Rural Organizations And Land Utilization On Muscatine Island: A Study Of Social Adjustments, Ray E. Wakeley, J. Edwin Losey

Bulletin

Muscatine Island was selected as the area for this investigation because it was relatively small, isolated and characterized by a distinctive type of farming (fig. 1). It was a problem area where farming offered only limited security, where income was low and success difficult to attain. Problems of land utilization and social organization had arisen frequently on the Island. Alternative choices in farm enterprises and in social organizations were few. In such an area the complicated relations between organizations and land use were relatively easy to isolate and describe.

The central problems of this study are problems of rural organizations ...


Some Factors Affecting Improvement In Iowa Farm Family Housing, Margaret G. Reid 2017 Iowa State College

Some Factors Affecting Improvement In Iowa Farm Family Housing, Margaret G. Reid

Bulletin

During 1934 and 1935 two housing surveys were made in rural Iowa. One included 18,789 farm dwellings and the other 8,798 dwellings in Iowa towns and villages of less than 2,500 population.1 The information thus secured has created much interest in housing, and many questions have been asked as to why dwellings are not in better condition, why more of them do not have modern improvements, what can be done to improve them. It is hoped that this analysis and the suggestions herein contained will be helpful in shaping policies and programs which have to do ...


Part-Time And Garden Farming In Iowa, Ray E. Wakeley 2017 Iowa State College

Part-Time And Garden Farming In Iowa, Ray E. Wakeley

Bulletin

Part-time farming has arrived in Iowa to stay. Present indications are that increases in the number of part-time farms during the depression will be maintained and future increases may be expected. Part-time farming is becoming a big business in Iowa and this combination of rural living, farming and industrial employment may influence appreciably the future development of the state.

The part-time farmer, strategically located between country and city, has important common interests with both groups. He is identified with neither, however, and least of all with the country. Thus problems arise which both farmer and city dweller must consider if ...


Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell 2017 Iowa State College

Changing Status Of The Iowa Dairy Industry, Albert Mighell

Bulletin

Even a most superficial study of the Iowa dairy industry indicates its economic importance to the state. Dairying utilizes a huge physical production plant, spread out on almost 200,000 Iowa farms, and extensive processing and marketing facilities including creameries, ice cream plants, milk distributing agencies, cheese factories and condenseries. Together these constitute one of the states largest industries, providing about 16 percent of the income of Iowa farmers, and an important and dependable share of the income of townspeople.

No one group alone is interested in and responsible for the success of the Iowa dairy industry. The farmer or ...


Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden 2017 Iowa State College

Standard Of Living On Iowa Farms, J. F. Thaden

Bulletin

This study analyzes the standard of living of 451 Iowa farm families, of which 212 were farm owners and the remaining 239 farm tenants, living in Boone, Story and Sac Counties. All farms in the respective areas were included. The data analyzed are for one year, ending July 1, 1923.

Scales were devised from the actual expenditures and activities for families of varying sizes, ages and sexes so as to reduce all families to common units of comparison.


Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick 2017 Iowa State College

Cost Of Living On Iowa Farms, Geo. H. Von Tungeln, J. E. Thaden, E. L. Kirkpatrick

Bulletin

How much does it cost farm families to live? Does the farm family live more cheaply that the city family, inasmuch as a considerable proportion of the farm family’s food and fuel and all of the family’s shelter are furnished by the farm? Does the farm family enjoy as high a standard of living as the city family? What is the relative enjoyment each gets from its expenditures for the satisfaction of the higher human wants?

These questions are often discussed, but usually with little or no actual first-hand information on which to base the discussions.


A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln 2017 Iowa State College

A Rural Social Survey Of Orange Township, Blackhawk County, Iowa, George H. Von Tungeln

Bulletin

Agriculture is still our chief business, but the study of agriculture should be something more than a study of its economic problems. It should be educational, moral, political, religious and social, as well. Good business in agriculture has a vital relationship with all other activities of men in the open country. Upon good farming wait all other institutions and community enterprises in the country, such as good homes, good schools, good churches, good roads and the many other rural community or co-operative enterprises. But it should be remembered that good farming is only a means and that good living is ...


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