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An Economic Study Of The Dairy Enterprise In Northeastern Iowa, R. K. Buck, J. A. Hopkins, C. C. Malone 2017 Iowa State College

An Economic Study Of The Dairy Enterprise In Northeastern Iowa, R. K. Buck, J. A. Hopkins, C. C. Malone

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In a study of 51 dairy and dual-purpose herds in 1935 and ] 936 it was found that the average value per head of the milk cows was $66 in the high producing dairy herds, compared to $49 in the low producing ones; while investment in buildings and fences was $120 per cow in the high as compared to $90 in the low producing herds. Investment per pound of butterfat produced, however , was lower with the higher producing and more valuable cows.

The cows in the higher producing herds were fed more heavily and received better balanced rations; the total amount ...


Cooperation In Grain Marketing In Iowa, Frank Robotka, R. C. Bentley 2017 Iowa State College

Cooperation In Grain Marketing In Iowa, Frank Robotka, R. C. Bentley

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Nearly 20 years have elapsed since a comprehensive appraisal was made of cooperation in grain marketing in Iowa.2 It is the purpose of this study to bring the history of the movement up to date, to present a brief cross-section view of the present status of farmers' elevators and to reappraise the movement in the light of recent developments and present trends.

The chief source of information regarding the present situation is the survey of all cooperatives in Iowa made in 1937,3 supplemented by further investigations extending through 1938 and 1939. Previous studies were drawn upon, particularly with ...


Corporate Land, Foreclosures, Mortgage Debt And Land Values In Iowa, 1939, William G. Murray 2017 Iowa State College

Corporate Land, Foreclosures, Mortgage Debt And Land Values In Iowa, 1939, William G. Murray

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Between Jan. 1, 1937, and Jan. 1, 1939, ownership of farm land in Iowa by corporations increased from 11.2 to 11.9 percent of the farm area of the state. In this same period corporations deeded to individuals 558,000 acres but also acquired 791,000 acres, with a net increase of 233,000 acres. Not all the land in the name of corporations is available for sale, however, since approximately 20 percent of the total has been sold on contract, the title remaining with the corporation until a certain percentage of the purchase price is paid.

Of the ...


Butterfat Procurement By Creameries In Butler County, Iowa, Paul E. Quintus, Frank Robotka 2017 Iowa State College

Butterfat Procurement By Creameries In Butler County, Iowa, Paul E. Quintus, Frank Robotka

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Butterfat procurement at local creameries has undergone pronounced changes since pre-war days. With the improvement in roads and motor vehicles there has been a transition from direct deliveries from nearby territories to commercial truck routes covering relatively wide areas.

During 1937 there were 10 creameries operating in Butler County with an average production of 236,660 pounds of butter for the year. Only one creamery exceeded 500,000 pounds. Nine of these 10 creameries operated regularly scheduled truck routes. In addition, 13 creameries located outside the county received a portion of their butterfat supplies on truck routes extending into Butler ...


Rural Interprofessional Health Care Education: A Study Of Student Perspectives, Curt Carlton Stilp 2017 Portland State University

Rural Interprofessional Health Care Education: A Study Of Student Perspectives, Curt Carlton Stilp

Dissertations and Theses

As the cost for health care delivery increases, so does the demand for access to care. However, individuals in a rural community often do not have access to the care they need. Shortages of rural health care professionals are an ever-increasing problem. The Affordable Care Act of 2010 sought to increase health care access by focusing on team-based care delivery. Thus, the need to educate health care students in the fundamentals of team-based practice has led to an increased emphasis on Interprofessional Education (IPE). While past research focused on urban IPE, a literature gap exists for the effects of a ...


Local Hog Marketing Practices In Iowa, Geoffrey Shepherd, Norman V. Strand 2017 Iowa State College

Local Hog Marketing Practices In Iowa, Geoffrey Shepherd, Norman V. Strand

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The purpose of this bulletin is to show statistically how Iowa farmers sell their hogs.

Hitherto, the bulk of the livestock marketing statistics has been obtained from terminal markets and meat packers. Such data tell very little about the farmer's end of the marketing machinery. For example, they do not show how much of the livestock that is sold "direct to packers" really moves direct (without going through one or more local dealers). They do not show statistically whether individual farmers usually patronize one buyer, or whether they "shop around" among several buyers. They do not show how far ...


Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Cheese, William H. Nicholls 2017 Iowa State College

Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Cheese, William H. Nicholls

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

The 20 years following the World War have seen marked changes in the marketing of manufactured dairy products. Because of this fact, most of the literature on the marketing of such products, based largely on conditions before 1918 or 1920, is now out of date. In recognition of this gap in our present marketing picture, the writer recently published a discussion of the developments of the post-war years in butter marketing2 with special emphasis on the increasing importance of large business units as they relate to marketing channels. This bulletin is a similar undertaking with regard to cheese. The ...


Differences In Iowa Farms And Their Significance In The Planning Of Agricultural Programs, Walter W. Wilcox, Norman V. Strand 2017 Iowa State College

Differences In Iowa Farms And Their Significance In The Planning Of Agricultural Programs, Walter W. Wilcox, Norman V. Strand

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

This bulletin reports the results of a study designed to measure the variations in cropping and livestock systems within the type·of-farming areas of Iowa.

The national agricultural adjustment programs of recent years have recognized the variations between types of farming in different regions. The differences between farming systems within regions have received only limited recognition. Some of the shortcomings of the current agricultural programs have been attributed to their failure to make adequate allowance for individual farm variations.


Cost And Utilization Of Power And Labor On Iowa Farms, Wylie D. Goodsell 2017 Iowa State College

Cost And Utilization Of Power And Labor On Iowa Farms, Wylie D. Goodsell

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

An analysis of the records of 753 cooperating farmers in 1936 and 958 in 1937 indicates clearly that general-purpose tractor farms are considerably larger than standard tractor farms and that standard tractor farms are larger than horse farms.

The average net cost of keeping a horse on 53 Iowa horse-operated farms in 1936 and 49 farms in 1937 was $91.44 and $86.08, respectively. The horses worked an average of 814 hours in 1936 and 802 in 1937 at an average cost of 11.2 cents and 10.7 cents per hour. Feed costs constitute about 65 percent of ...


Yield Tests And Land Valuation, William G. Murray, A. J. Englehorn, R. A. Griffin 2017 Iowa State College

Yield Tests And Land Valuation, William G. Murray, A. J. Englehorn, R. A. Griffin

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Valuation of farm land depends, in the main, on farm income, which in turn depends on crop yields and farm prices. Crop yields, to go back still another step, rest largely on soil and climate. Consequently, a careful measurement of soil productivity, as determined by crop yields, is a fundamental aspect of farm valuation.

Measurement of soil productivity in terms of yield differences has been hampered by the influence of management. Two farms of equal quality may produce unequal yields, not because of soil differences but because of managerial differences. In order to measure soil variation some method of controlling ...


Shaping A Functional And Sustainable Biofuels Industry Through Bridging Industrial Needs With Farmer Production Capabilities, Richard M. Cruse, James Richardson, Carl Herndl, Mack C. Shelley II, Elena Yu Polush, Brent H. Shanks, Carl Roberts 2017 Iowa State University

Shaping A Functional And Sustainable Biofuels Industry Through Bridging Industrial Needs With Farmer Production Capabilities, Richard M. Cruse, James Richardson, Carl Herndl, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Elena Yu Polush, Brent H. Shanks, Carl Roberts

Brent H. Shanks

In order for the biofuels industry to survive and succeed, it will need the cooperation of Iowa farmers to supply biomass. Farmers have concerns about production that need to be addressed in order to create a sustainable industry.


Socio-Economic Phases Of Soil Conservation In The Tarkio Creek Area Economics Of Agricultural Land Use Adjustments. Ii, Rainer Schickele, John P. Himmel 2017 U.S.D.A.

Socio-Economic Phases Of Soil Conservation In The Tarkio Creek Area Economics Of Agricultural Land Use Adjustments. Ii, Rainer Schickele, John P. Himmel

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In wide sections of the Corn Belt, a variety of broad economic and social forces is obstructing adjustment of private entrepreneurs in land use practices in accordance with the character and condition of the main natural resource, the land. Soil is rapidly deteriorating, and buildings are crumbling on so many farms that the communities are beginning to feel the impact of serious land use maladjustments through declining farm incomes, loss of population and disintegration of local organizations and institutions.

Soil conservation has ceased to be merely a problem of farm management on a few scattered individual farms; it has reached ...


Iowa Incomes As Reported In Income Tax Returns, Margaret G. Reid, Virginia Britton 2017 Iowa State College

Iowa Incomes As Reported In Income Tax Returns, Margaret G. Reid, Virginia Britton

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In 1934, 124,812 taxable incomes were reported to the state: of Iowa in contrast with 17,991 taxable incomes reported by those living in Iowa in the federal income tax returns. A special analysis has been made of 9,764 incomes, selected at random, which were reported to the state of Iowa. Only incomes of heads of households and of wives who, though living with their husbands, filed separate returns are included. These incomes are classified by size, population of community from where they are returned, number of dependents and occupation reported on the income returns. Source of income ...


Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Butter, William H. Nicholls 2017 Iowa State College

Post-War Developments In The Marketing Of Butter, William H. Nicholls

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

In spite of the many important changes which have taken place in the marketing of manufactured dairy products since the World War, no analysis which takes adequate account of these changes is yet available. While post-war text books on agricultural marketing have treated the marketing of manufactured dairy products in a very broad manner, their major emphasis has been on cooperation, with almost complete oversight of the marked and increasing importance of very large private business units in the distribution of the several dairy products and the changes in marketing channels under way. It is the aim of this study ...


Differential Mobility Within The Rural Population In 18 Iowa Townships, 1928 To 1935, Ray E. Wakeley 2017 Iowa State College

Differential Mobility Within The Rural Population In 18 Iowa Townships, 1928 To 1935, Ray E. Wakeley

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Changes and characteristics of the population of Iowa have been described in some detail by the analysis of census data (3, 19, 6, 4). Neither the census nor these special studies, however, give information concerning many differential factors that operate in different ways as important parts of the total migration picture.2

The present investigation was undertaken to obtain more specific information concerning the extent of selected mobility factors, their operation during the depression, their effect on population movements and their relation to certain rural problems, including problems of education, organization, tenancy and relief.


Farm Mortgage Foreclosures In Southern Iowa 1915-1936, William G. Murray 2017 Iowa State College

Farm Mortgage Foreclosures In Southern Iowa 1915-1936, William G. Murray

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Foreclosures of farm mortgages, if tabulated for a period of years, provide a reasonably accurate financial record of agricultural distress. By their geographical concentration, moreover, they suggest among other things areas where land has been over-valued. With information on these points as the major objective, a study of foreclosures was undertaken in the southern third of the state, an area including 81 counties (see fig. 1). From the court house records of the 81 counties, information was obtained for the years 1915-86 on all farm mortgage foreclosures-a total of 12,86l. The analysis and discussion contained in this report are ...


Social Isolation And Loneliness In Older People: A Closer Look At Definitions, Mary Lou Ciolfi, Frances Jimenez 2017 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Social Isolation And Loneliness In Older People: A Closer Look At Definitions, Mary Lou Ciolfi, Frances Jimenez

Disability & Aging

Social isolation and loneliness are related and the terms are often used interchangeably, but they are distinct concepts with different definitions, health impacts, and interventions. Our population is aging and older people are at increased risk for both social isolation and loneliness and the associated negative health consequences. Understanding the important differences between social isolation and loneliness will help us recognize them earlier in vulnerable populations, engage in more meaningful conversations with older adults about their own risks, and will inform the development and delivery of more individualized, meaningful, and cost-effective interventions.


A Possible Intermediate Step In The Reorganization Of Rural Elementary Education In Iowa, Barton Morgan, W. H. Lancelot 2017 Iowa State College

A Possible Intermediate Step In The Reorganization Of Rural Elementary Education In Iowa, Barton Morgan, W. H. Lancelot

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Iowa has a very large number of small rural school districts. Of the 4,870 school corporations in the state, 2,807 are rural independent districts and 1,010 are school townships. There are in the state 12,279 public schools of all types, including kindergartens, rural schools, elementary schools (not rural) and high schools. Of this number, 9,223, or about 75 percent, are one-room rural schools. With one exception the number of such schools in Iowa exceeds that found in any other state.

The average enrollment in the one-room rural schools of the state in 1932-33 was only ...


A Method Of Analyzing The Effectiveness Of Local Livestock Marketing Cooperatives In Selling Hogs, Sam H. Thompson, Paul L. Miller 2017 Iowa State College

A Method Of Analyzing The Effectiveness Of Local Livestock Marketing Cooperatives In Selling Hogs, Sam H. Thompson, Paul L. Miller

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

1. A method of analyzing the effectiveness of local livestock cooperatives in selling hogs is described. Through the use of this method a cooperative manager or a research worker may analyze the operations of a local association for any period of time and obtain information regarding the relative profitableness of different market outlets and different marketing dates.

2. The method of analysis has been applied to the hog sales of four associations for 1931. Net returns for hogs of comparable quality are found. The variations appear to be due to varying degrees of success in choosing the time and place ...


Iowa's Population Prospect, P. K. Whelpton 2017 Scripps Foundation for Research in Population Problems

Iowa's Population Prospect, P. K. Whelpton

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

A state can be no greater than its people. In an agricultural state such as Iowa where the importance of soil conservation and land utilization programs is recognized and where pathological social problems are relatively few, population adjustments are usually taken for granted. In agriculture, however, the union between land and people is closest. Farmers should be most appreciative of the slogan, "Under all, the land, but on the land, the people."

Fundamental long time adjustments are taking place not only in business, industry and agriculture, but also in the number of population. People in Iowa and in the United ...


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