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Local Immigration Enforcement Entrepreneurship In The Punishment Marketplace, Daniel L. Stageman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Local Immigration Enforcement Entrepreneurship In The Punishment Marketplace, Daniel L. Stageman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The contemporary neoliberal economic order plays a significant role in American social organization and policy-making. Most importantly, neoliberal ideology drives the creation and imposition of markets in public goods and services and the valorization of free market ideology in cultural life. The neoliberal ‘project of inequality’ is in turn delimited and upheld by an authoritarian system of punishment built around mass incarceration, surveillance, and an unprecedented level of social control directed at the lowest strata of American society – a group that includes both the urban underclass, and unauthorized immigrants.

This study lays out the theory of the punishment marketplace: a ...


Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols 2017 University of Wisconsin Madison

Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Few studies examined socioeconomic contributors to racial disparities in low birth weight outcomes between African-American and Caucasian adolescent mothers. This cross-sectional study examined the intersections of maternal racial status, age, and neighborhood socioeconomic status in explaining these disparities in low birth weight outcomes across a statewide sample of adolescent mothers.

Methods: Using data from the North Carolina State Center of Health Statistics for 2010-2011, birth cases for 16,472 adolescents were geocoded by street address and linked to census-tract information from the 2010 United States Census. Multilevel models with interaction terms were used to identify significant associations between maternal ...


Gendered Narratives Of Transition To Adulthood Among Korean Work-Bound Youth, Hyejeong Jo 2017 Department of Sociology

Gendered Narratives Of Transition To Adulthood Among Korean Work-Bound Youth, Hyejeong Jo

Korean Millennials Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Social Sustainability: The Role Of Ecotourism In Regenerating Cultural And Environmental Histories In Rio De Janeiro, Nia McAllister 2017 Pomona College

Social Sustainability: The Role Of Ecotourism In Regenerating Cultural And Environmental Histories In Rio De Janeiro, Nia Mcallister

Pomona Senior Theses

Ecotourism is a rapidly growing global export industry that aims to uphold the ethics of responsible tourism by engaging with local communities and encouraging environmentally conscious travel. With existing critiques of the greenwashing of ecotourism and the tendency for tourism agencies to exploit host communities, I advocate for participatory community-based models of ecotourism. This thesis explores both the material and conceptual benefits of community-based ecotourism through the critical examination of community-based ecotourism projects in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. Focusing on the implementation of ecotourism in of some of Rio de Janeiro’s peripheral communities, areas that are impacted by social ...


Tradition And Culture In Africa: Practices That Facilitate Trafficking Of Women And Children, Norah Hashim Msuya 2017 Mzumbe University

Tradition And Culture In Africa: Practices That Facilitate Trafficking Of Women And Children, Norah Hashim Msuya

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Many states in Africa have adopted legislative, administrative and institutional measures to combat trafficking in human beings. These measures include, among other things, the formulation and implementation of both national and regional action plans by African states to provide for comprehensive and coordinated interventions. Many African countries have also enacted an anti-trafficking legislation at the country level. Despite these measures, African women and children have been trafficked annually worldwide for purposes of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and domestic servitude. Additionally, women and children are trafficked within their countries from rural to urban areas. Misconception and abuse of African tradition and ...


Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford 2016 Olivet Nazarene University

Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

With the current movement to increase the number of women in STEM-related careers, modified IT hiring practices may be considered debatably unethical. Studies cited in this work have asserted that female representation in STEM fields is integral not only to encouraging continued progression toward gender equality in the workplace but also to creating more inclusive products. In turn, some argue that when faced with reasonably comparable female and male candidates, a hiring manager should select the female candidate in order to increase the female representation in the company and provide a female perspective. However, it is simultaneously debatably unethical and ...


Multi Identity Conflict: A Case Study Of Sudanese Refugees And Asylum Seekers In Jordan, William C. Clifton Jr. 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Multi Identity Conflict: A Case Study Of Sudanese Refugees And Asylum Seekers In Jordan, William C. Clifton Jr.

Capstone Collection

This inquiry was a completed as part of the requirements for earning a Master's of Arts degree in Peacebuilding and Conflict Transformation for the student William Clifton at SIT Graduate Institute. It was an independent practitioner inquiry based on the methodology of Grounded Theory that utilized qualitative research by way of in depth interviews and a focus group to understand how the identity shaped the experience of Sudanese migrants living in Jordan. In addition to these qualitative methods, a review of the literature was conducted on Sudanese populations in Sudan and in outside communities to help guide the process ...


Comparable Worth And The Structure Of Earnings: The Iowa Case, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila 2016 Iowa State University

Comparable Worth And The Structure Of Earnings: The Iowa Case, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila

Peter Orazem

Comparable worth pay plans have been implemented in several states since the early 1980s. To our knowledge, however, no study exists of the actual impact of such plans on the pay structure of state government. We examine the case of comparable worth in Iowa, both as proposed in 1984 and as actually implemented (in compromise form) in 1985. In particular, we identify the relative winners and losers from comparable worth by analyzing the impact on earnings for men, women, minorities, unionized employees, and particular occupational groups, such as supervisors and professionals. In addition, we are able to determine whether the ...


Black-White Human Capital Differences: Impact On Agricultural Productivity In The U.S. South, Wallace E. Huffman 2016 Iowa State University

Black-White Human Capital Differences: Impact On Agricultural Productivity In The U.S. South, Wallace E. Huffman

Wallace Huffman

In a dynamic environment, schooling of farmers and agricultural extension have the potential for enhancing the efficiency of agricultural production. In the U.S. South, a relatively large number of blacks have operated farms since emancipation. In the segregated school systems, these black farmers obtained lower quality and fewer years of schooling than white farmers. The public sector extension service had the potential for mitigating the effects of lower quality black education on farm production efficiency. In eleven of the sixteen southern states, however, the Extension Service was completely segregated, and the services provided to black farmers were fewer and ...


A Study Of The Perceptions Of Racial Equity In One Early Childhood Education Program, Dawn M. Meskil 2016 East Tennessee State University

A Study Of The Perceptions Of Racial Equity In One Early Childhood Education Program, Dawn M. Meskil

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although public education in the United States has had remarkable growth and improvement since its beginning, significant inadequacies concerning racial equity continue to cast a shadow on the system. Despite desegregation efforts and specific attention to providing integrated school settings there has been little progress in establishing educational justice. The purpose of this case study was to uncover perceptions about racial inequity within Asheville City Schools as well as potential facilitators of equity. A qualitative case study using 10 guiding research questions was conducted to evaluate the perceptions of parents as well as educators at Asheville City Schools Preschool regarding ...


Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho 2016 East Tennessee State University

Social Identities And Meanings In Correctional Work, Caitlin C. Botelho

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on correctional officers’ values and perceptions of their workplace, the people they work with and for, and members of the general public. Although prior research has investigated correctional staff members’ feelings about their occupation, far fewer studies have implemented a comprehensive qualitative, microsociological approach. The author conducted 20 in-depth interviews with current and former correctional officers (COs) in public-supported facilities. Additional data were collected through two public Facebook pages designated for COs and citizens interested in the criminal justice system. The study offers insights about the significance of COs’ feelings about their work and how the correctional ...


The Inaugural Issue Of Dignity, Donna M. Hughes 2016 University of Rhode Island

The Inaugural Issue Of Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Ua1b2/1 A Commemoration Of Wku's Integration: 1956-2006, Howard Bailey, Monica G. Burke, John Hardin, Sherese Martin, Maxine Ray, C. J. Woods 2016 Western Kentucky University

Ua1b2/1 A Commemoration Of Wku's Integration: 1956-2006, Howard Bailey, Monica G. Burke, John Hardin, Sherese Martin, Maxine Ray, C. J. Woods

Monica Burke

A publication that chronicles the history of WKU's desegregation efforts. This commemorative publication is also an historical document that highlights the prolific accomplishments of WKU African American graduates. The impact of Western's spirit on countless African American graduates and the Bowling Green community unfolds in the pages that follow. The joy of having access to an education, the struggles of transforming an institutional climate, the kindness of WKU faculty, staff, and students and the rewards of walking across the stage in Diddle arena are chronicled by those who experienced it firsthand.


Growing Up With Hunters: An Insider's Perspective, Sudie Hofmann 2016 St. Cloud State University

Growing Up With Hunters: An Insider's Perspective, Sudie Hofmann

Human Relations and Multicultural Education Faculty Publications

Many of us who care about animals go about our lives while immersed in a world that is either not aligned with, or is even openly hostile to, our respect for animals. Sudie Hofmann is one of many people who grew up in a family that didn’t share her respect and compassion for animals. She shares her experience of what it’s like to grow up in a family of hunters.


Measurement Error In Job Evaluation And The Gender Wage Gap, Shih-Neng Chen, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila, Jeffrey J. Greig 2016 Shih Hsin University

Measurement Error In Job Evaluation And The Gender Wage Gap, Shih-Neng Chen, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila, Jeffrey J. Greig

Peter Orazem

Job evaluation is used to establish pay for many workers in the United States and has been used to measure the extent of pay discrimination. However, job evaluations are subject to measurement error that can bias these estimates. Using computed reliability ratios to adjust for measurement error in a study of Iowa state government jobs, we find that measurement errors exaggerate the implied extent of discrimination against predominantly female jobs by 34%-44%. Measurement errors also exaggerate the number of independent job factors which affect pay. A practical procedure for making these corrections is illustrated.


Policy Brief No. 26 - The Dynamics Of First Nations Migration Shaped By Socio-Economic Inequalities, Marilyn Amorevieta-Gentil, Robert Bourbeau, Norbert Robitaille 2016 Western University

Policy Brief No. 26 - The Dynamics Of First Nations Migration Shaped By Socio-Economic Inequalities, Marilyn Amorevieta-Gentil, Robert Bourbeau, Norbert Robitaille

Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster Research/Policy Brief

Migration by First Nations people (both Registered and non-registered Indians) reflects inequalities between First Nation communities, and also between First Nations and the non-Aboriginal Canadian population, in terms of its nature, its intensity and its direction. Residential mobility, within the same community or urban centre, is the commonest form of migration among First Nations, while inter-provincial and international migration concerns a small minority of cases. The net effect of the migratory flows of Registered Indians is movement towards reserves rather than to other rural or urban areas. Improvement in living conditions and the feeling of belonging to a community are ...


Dossier De Politique No. 26 - Les Inégalités Socioéconomiques Façonnent Les Dynamiques Migratoires Des Premières Nations, Marilyn Amorevieta-Gentil, Robert Bourbeau, Norbert Robitaille 2016 Western University

Dossier De Politique No. 26 - Les Inégalités Socioéconomiques Façonnent Les Dynamiques Migratoires Des Premières Nations, Marilyn Amorevieta-Gentil, Robert Bourbeau, Norbert Robitaille

Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster Research/Policy Brief

La nature, l’intensité et la direction des mouvements migratoires des Premières Nations (Indiens inscrits et non-inscrits) sont le reflet d’inégalités entre leurs communautés, mais aussi avec la population canadienne non-autochtone. Ainsi, la mobilité résidentielle est la forme la plus fréquente de migration chez les Premières Nations, soit au sein d’une même communauté ou dans un centre urbain, alors que les migrations interprovinciales et internationales sont marginales. L’effet net des flux migratoires des Indiens inscrits favorise nettement les réserves, plutôt que les régions rurales ou urbaines. L’amélioration des conditions de vie et le sentiment d’appartenance ...


Family Economics Writ Large, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Guillaume Vandenbroucke 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Family Economics Writ Large, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Guillaume Vandenbroucke

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Powerful currents have reshaped the structure of families over the last century. There has been (i) a dramatic drop in fertility and greater parental investment in children; (ii) a rise in married female labor-force participation; (iii) a decline in marriage and a rise in divorce; (iv) a higher degree of positive assortative mating; (v) more children living with a single mother; (vi) shifts in social norms governing premarital sex and married women's roles in the labor market. Macroeconomic models explaining these aggregate trends are surveyed. The relentless flow of technological progress and its role in shaping family life are ...


Budgeting For Equity: How Can Participatory Budgeting Advance Equity In The United States?, Madeleine Pape, Josh Lerner 2016 The Participatory Budgeting Project

Budgeting For Equity: How Can Participatory Budgeting Advance Equity In The United States?, Madeleine Pape, Josh Lerner

Journal of Public Deliberation

Participatory budgeting (PB) has expanded dramatically in the United States (US) from a pilot process in Chicago’s 49th ward in 2009 to over 50 processes in a dozen cities in 2015. Over this period, scholars, practitioners, and advocates have made two distinct but related claims about its impacts: that it can revitalize democracy and advance equity. In practice, however, achieving the latter has often proven challenging. Based on interviews with PB practitioners from across the US, we argue that an equity-driven model of PB is not simply about improving the quality of deliberation or reducing barriers to participation. While ...


University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

University Of Rhode Island Presentations At Interdisciplinary Conference On Human Trafficking, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

No abstract provided.


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