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From Stateless To Citizen: The Struggle To Obtain Legal Status For Guatemalan Refugees In Mexico, Oscar F. Gil-Garcia 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

From Stateless To Citizen: The Struggle To Obtain Legal Status For Guatemalan Refugees In Mexico, Oscar F. Gil-Garcia

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

U.S. immigration enforcement practices have spread to Mexico, resulting in apprehension rates of Central American migrants that rival those of the U.S. In 2015, deportations of migrants from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador in Mexico exceeded 165,000, more than twice the number of U.S. deportations to this region.

Enforcement-only priorities surrounding immigration policy in Mexico have reinforced discriminatory treatment, poverty, inequality, and exploitation toward the indigenous and migrant populations. These circumstances have particularly impacted indigenous Guatemalan Mayans who sought refuge in Mexico during the 1980s and continue to face obstacles for their legalization by the Mexican ...


Elections In The Shadow Of Ebola: Sierra Leone’S African Socialist Movement And The Struggle For Democracy, Joshua McDermott 2017 University of Pittsburgh

Elections In The Shadow Of Ebola: Sierra Leone’S African Socialist Movement And The Struggle For Democracy, Joshua Mcdermott

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

The West African eEbola outbreak of 2014-15 claimed the lives of nearly 12,000 people, most of them from the Mano River region, comprising Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea-Conakry, three of the world’s poorest nations. In the wake of the outbreak, Sierra Leone’s ruling party, the All People’s Congress (APC), postponed the country’s 2017 elections for one year, under the pretext that the crisis had undermined the agenda of the president, Ernest Bai Koroma.

Authoritarianism is not new to Sierra Leone: The APC ruled the small coastal nation under a one-party state from the 1960s until ...


Faith-Based Resistance, Human Rights, And Emancipatory Practices, Curtis Kline 2017 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Faith-Based Resistance, Human Rights, And Emancipatory Practices, Curtis Kline

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

Progressive political theologies can expand and deepen both the strength and the conceptualization of human rights advocacy. However, not all political theologies are an effort to defend human dignity; neither are all understandings and practices of human rights. The validation of progressive political theologies as well as the validation of human rights conceptualizations comes from their capacity to concretely change the lived reality of poor and oppressed peoples of the world.

As with political theologies, there is a constant struggle over the control of how to conceptualize what constitutes a human rights issue. While many communities of faith find liberating ...


Essays On Economics Of Inequality, Aboozar Hadavand 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Economics Of Inequality, Aboozar Hadavand

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters all around the subject of inequality. The first chapter provides a novel analysis of the trend in income inequality in the United States between 1979--2013. There are two ways in which this chapter contributes to the literature. First, I analyze how much of the existing inequality in the U.S. is due to the demographic changes that happened over this period. Using microdata from Luxembourg Income Study and after decomposing inequality into within- and between-age group components, I find that the within-group share of overall inequality in the U.S. is high and steady ...


Tragedy, Outrage & Reform: Crimes That Changed Our World: 1963 – Birmingham Church Bombing – Civil Rights, Paul H. Robinson, Sarah M. Robinson 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Tragedy, Outrage & Reform: Crimes That Changed Our World: 1963 – Birmingham Church Bombing – Civil Rights, Paul H. Robinson, Sarah M. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship

Can a crime make our world better? Crimes are the worst of humanity’s wrongs but, oddly, they sometimes do more than anything else to improve our lives. As it turns out, it is often the outrageousness itself that does the work. Ordinary crimes are accepted as the background noise of our everyday existence but some crimes make people stop and take notice – because they are so outrageous, or so curious, or so heart-wrenching. These “trigger crimes” are the cases that this book is about.

They offer some incredible stories about how people, good and bad, change the world around ...


Implementing Indigenous Education Policy Directives In Ontario Public Schools: Experiences, Challenges And Successful Practices, Emily Milne 2017 MacEwan University

Implementing Indigenous Education Policy Directives In Ontario Public Schools: Experiences, Challenges And Successful Practices, Emily Milne

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

The Ontario Ministry of Education has declared a commitment to Indigenous student success and has advanced a policy framework that articulates inclusion of Indigenous content in schooling curriculum (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2007). What are the perceptions among educators and parents regarding the implementation of policy directives, and what is seen to encourage or limit meaningful implementation? To answer these questions, this article draws on interviews with 100 Indigenous (mainly Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, and Métis) and non-Indigenous parents and educators from Ontario Canada. Policy directives are seen to benefit Indigenous and non-Indigenous students. Interviews also reveal challenges to implementing Indigenous curricular ...


House The Homeless, Christopher R. Fee 2017 Gettysburg College

House The Homeless, Christopher R. Fee

English Faculty Publications

Since 2012, Gettysburg Combined Area Resources for Emergency Shelter (C.A.R.E.S.) has brought together local churches and citizens to provide emergency shelter to those without housing during the winter months. Last year alone, C.A.R.E.S. served nearly a hundred local folks, some with families, many of whom were working but unable to afford housing. (excerpt)


“They Write Me Off And Don't Give Me A Chance To Learn Anything”: Positioning, Discipline, And Black Masculinities In School, Quaylan Allen 2017 Chapman University

“They Write Me Off And Don't Give Me A Chance To Learn Anything”: Positioning, Discipline, And Black Masculinities In School, Quaylan Allen

Education Faculty Articles and Research

This study examines the schooling of black male students in a U.S. high school. Drawing upon positioning theory and student resistance literature, I describe how the students make meaning of the pathologizing positioning practices of the school, including how they resist and internalize dominant discourses about black masculinity and how their performances of particular masculinities within the school are met with surveillance, regulation, and discipline. I argue that schools are locations where dominant ideologies of black masculinities are imposed, contested, and sometimes reproduced.


The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, Leigh Kassem 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Employment On Recidivism Among Delinquent Juveniles, Leigh Kassem

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Current research indicates an association between intense adolescent work (twenty hours or more per week) and delinquent behavior. It has been widely speculated that this relationship is spurious, occurring only as a result of other factors which are common to both offending and intense employment. The current study attempts to fill a gap in the literature by utilizing the Pathways to Desistance dataset to examine the evolution of the relationship between work and self-reported offending in a longitudinal sample of juvenile offenders. Work intensity and consistency, social capital, and expectations for success were analyzed as potential predictors of recidivism or ...


The Dynamics Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation (Pm&E) In Traditional Pakistan: The Role And Practice Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation As Processes Of Education Based Empowerment Interventions In Traditionally Hierarchical Contexts Of Pakistan., Aamer Shams 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

The Dynamics Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation (Pm&E) In Traditional Pakistan: The Role And Practice Of Participatory Monitoring And Evaluation As Processes Of Education Based Empowerment Interventions In Traditionally Hierarchical Contexts Of Pakistan., Aamer Shams

Capstone Collection

This research seeks to explore the interpretation and application of Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E) in the context of Educational Empowerment by analyzing insights gathered from multiple stakeholder groups in four cities of Pakistan, Islamabad, Lahore, Quetta, and Peshawar. Analysis of the findings reveals nuances of PM&E, including “Equality and Equity, Respect and Tolerance” (pg. 58-61) that limit the potential of this transdisciplinary empowerment process. Empowerment and educational programs often employ the continuous processes of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) to gain an understanding of the implementation, efficiency, impact, and overall performance of the program. M&E also provides valuable information about rooms for improvement within elements of the program. Unlike traditional M&E, PM&E engages members from multiple stakeholder groups to define, design and strategize the process. In PM&E, these stakeholder groups further facilitate the process through data collection and analysis. However, the transdisciplinary process of monitoring and evaluation regardless of its conventional or participatory nature, is prone to be susceptible to nuances that often jeopardize the process, analysis, and information it renders. Power dynamics and positionality, interpersonal and inter-group politics, conflicts of interest and interpretation, create an environment where overtly inclusive processes have elements of exclusivity.

Keywords: M&E; Monitoring and Evaluation; PM&E; Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation; Inclusion; Equity; Equality; Inclusion; Tolerance; Respect; Power Dynamics


Stewards Of God’S Mercy: Vocation And Priestly Ministry In Africa, Jordan Nyenyembe 2017 Vienna University College

Stewards Of God’S Mercy: Vocation And Priestly Ministry In Africa, Jordan Nyenyembe

Journal of Global Catholicism

A reflection on the tasks of priestly ministry in Africa with specific reference to the example and exhortation of Pope Francis. Among the issues addressed and critiqued are Western “cultic” understandings of the priest and the, the “Igwe Syndrome" which likens the priest to a chief.


Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo 2017 DePaul University

Contested Moral Issues In Contemporary African Catholicism: Theological Proposals For A Hermeneutics Of Multiplicity And Inclusion, Stan Chu Ilo

Journal of Global Catholicism

Drawing upon the broad work of Vatican II and Pope Francis’ Evangelicum Gaudium the article proposes how a hermeneutic of multiplicity and inclusion could help hold in balance the tension between tradition and innovation, universal principles and specific contextual application for Catholicism in Africa. Among the issues addressed are cultural relativism, natural law theory, and polygamy.


Communicating The Justice And Peace Of God In Africa Today, Walter Ihejirika 2017 Federal University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Communicating The Justice And Peace Of God In Africa Today, Walter Ihejirika

Journal of Global Catholicism

Engaging with the work and theories of Arnold van Gennep and Victor Turner, the article charts out a spirituality of communication within Nigerian Catholicism. Discussing the intersection between various forms of media and community, the article argues for the utilization of media in the pursuit of social justice and the dismantling of inequalities.


Editor's Introduction, Marc Roscoe Loustau 2017 College of the Holy Cross, Worcester MA

Editor's Introduction, Marc Roscoe Loustau

Journal of Global Catholicism

Introduction to African Catholicism: Contemporary Issues: Volume: 1, Issue 2 of the Journal of Global Catholicism


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Nancy Byatt

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized

Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Caste Matters: Perceived Discrimination Among Women In Rural India, Apurv Soni, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Nisha Fahey, Nitin Raithatha, Anusha Prabhakaran, Nancy Byatt, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Ajay Phatak, Milagros C. Rosal, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison

Jeroan J. Allison

Purpose: To examine the relationship of caste and class with perceived discrimination among pregnant women from rural western India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 170 pregnant women in rural Gujarat, India, who were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study. Everyday Discrimination Scale and Experiences of Discrimination questionnaires were used to assess perceived discrimination and response to discrimination. Based on self-reported caste, women were classified to three categories with increasing historical disadvantage: General, Other Backward Castes (OBC), and Scheduled Caste or Tribes (SC/ST). Socioeconomic class was determined using standardized Kuppuswamy scale. Regression models for count and binomial data ...


Social Determinants Of Health Associated With Hbv Testing And Access To Care Among Foreign-Born Persons Residing In The United States: 2009 - 2012, Kevin M. Greene, Wayne A. Duffus, Jian Xing, Hope King 2017 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Social Determinants Of Health Associated With Hbv Testing And Access To Care Among Foreign-Born Persons Residing In The United States: 2009 - 2012, Kevin M. Greene, Wayne A. Duffus, Jian Xing, Hope King

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Objectives: To describe how select Social Determinants of Health (SDH) are associated with the burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among foreign-born persons residing in the United States.

Methods: Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 Risk Factor Survey data to investigate the independent relationship between SDH and HBV testing and access to care.

Results: HBV infected persons with insurance were more likely to see a physician than those without. Respondents worried about money to pay rent or mortgage were more likely to report HBV infection than individuals who ...


Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman 2017 Shared Hope International

Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?

When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...


Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


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