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Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing

Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)

Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a chronic systemic autoimmune and connective tissue disorder characterized by vasculopathy, autoimmune phenomena, and widespread fibrosis. Skin thickening and tightening is the cardinal feature of SSc and is responsible, in part, for the considerable morbidity of this disease. There are currently no targeted treatments for skin manifestations in SSc, primarily due to our fragmented understanding of its pathophysiologic mechanisms. In PART I, we report a previously unappreciated link between aberrant expression of the developmental gene sine oculis homeobox homolog 1 (SIX1) in skin-associated adipocytes in SSc skin and the early loss of dermal white adipose …


Death Due To Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia And Systemic Symptoms (Dress) Syndrome: A Case Report, Samantha P. Sternad, Jane Pangburn, Chad Johnston, David Rowe 2023 LewisGale Hospital Montgomery

Death Due To Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia And Systemic Symptoms (Dress) Syndrome: A Case Report, Samantha P. Sternad, Jane Pangburn, Chad Johnston, David Rowe

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a life-threatening, multi-organ adverse drug reaction with an incidence of 1 in 1000 to 1 in 10 000 highrisk drug exposures.

Case Presentation

An elderly female presented to the hospital with progressive weakness and a diffuse erythematous macular rash covering most of her body that started 3 days prior. Over the next 3 days, the patient quickly deteriorated, developing disorientation with acute onset left-sided weakness, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia, liver and kidney failure, and hypoxia. Clinical and histological changes supported the diagnosis of DRESS syndrome caused by intravenous (IV) ampicillin …


Presentations Of Tumor Recurrence Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer After Treatment With Low-Energy Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong, Daniel A. Nguyen, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis 2023 HCA Healthcare

Presentations Of Tumor Recurrence Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer After Treatment With Low-Energy Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Christopher M. Wong, Daniel A. Nguyen, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Background: Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common types of non-melanoma skin cancers.1 Superficial radiation therapy (SRT) is a treatment modality that utilizes low-energy x-rays to disrupt cell mitosis.2 While this technique has been used for over a century, it has recently gained favor in clinical practice.3,4 This method of treatment offers favorable outcomes and advantages for select patients. Although the incidence of cancer recurrence after superficial radiation therapy is low, relatively little is known regarding predictive patterns. The frequency and timing of cancer recurrence is not well defined using SRT delivered technology with an image-guided …


Retrospective Review Of Adverse Events Following Treatment Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer With Low-Energy Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Christopher Wong, Daniel A. Nguyen, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis 2023 HCA Healthcare

Retrospective Review Of Adverse Events Following Treatment Of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer With Low-Energy Superficial Radiation Therapy, Marshall Hall, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Christopher Wong, Daniel A. Nguyen, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Background: Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common types of non-melanoma skin cancer.1 Superficial radiation therapy (SRT) is a treatment modality that utilizes low-energy x-rays to disrupt cell mitosis directly and indirectly.2 This method of treatment offers advantages for select patients. While this technique has been utilized for over a century, it has recently begun to gain favor in clinical practice.1,3 Although SRT has shown favorable outcomes with a low risk of complications, it still poses a risk for adverse events.1,3,4 The frequency and severity of adverse events are not well-defined with SRT delivered technology with …


A Case Of Erythema Nodosum, Mahmood Ahmad, Sunitha Valayil 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of Erythema Nodosum, Mahmood Ahmad, Sunitha Valayil

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Background: Erythema nodosum (EN) is characterized as a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to subcutaneous adipose tissue. This panniculitis process presents as erythematous, tender nodules and plaques most commonly located on the pretibial areas. EN may be idiopathic or may be caused by a number of factors such as infection, chronic systemic inflammatory processes, drugs or malignancy.

Case presentation: A 29-year-old male with no significant past medical history presented with a 2-week history of worsening bilateral lower extremity erythema, nodules and pain. This patient was initially seen in the emergency department after a 4-day history of his symptoms. At this time, he …


Lesion Size Inclusion On Dermatopathology Requisition Forms: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher M. Wong, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Daniel A. Nguyen, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis 2023 HCA Healthcare

Lesion Size Inclusion On Dermatopathology Requisition Forms: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher M. Wong, Henry Lim, Christian Scheufele, Daniel A. Nguyen, Ashleigh E. Hermann, Michael Carletti, Stephen Weis

North Texas GME Research Forum 2023

Introduction: Dermatopathology requisition forms (RFs) are a critical communication tool between dermatologists and dermatopathologists. Including detailed information on RFs improves the diagnostic accuracy of the consulting dermatopathologist. However, the diameter of the biopsied lesion is often omitted on RFs. This study aimed to increase the rate of reporting lesion diameters on RFs from an academic outpatient dermatology clinic to greater than 65% through education, reinforcement, and evaluation. Methods: This quality improvement project retrospectively and prospectively analyzed the inclusion rate of lesion diameters on dermatopathology RFs from a single institution. In Phase 1, data was collected from all skin biopsies performed …


The Current State Of Fellowship Leadership In Dermatology: Trends In Workforce Demographics And Scholarly Productivity, Areebah S Ahmad, Kathleen M Mulligan, David X Zheng, Katie A O'Connell, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Misha V Koshelev 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Current State Of Fellowship Leadership In Dermatology: Trends In Workforce Demographics And Scholarly Productivity, Areebah S Ahmad, Kathleen M Mulligan, David X Zheng, Katie A O'Connell, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Misha V Koshelev

Journal Articles

Interest in subspecialty training remains high for dermatology residency graduates. Fellowship program directors (FPDs) are largely responsible for fellowship organization and development. Here, we study the dermatology fellowship leadership landscape and identify notable differences in the characteristics of current dermatopathology, paediatric dermatology, and Mohs micrographic surgery and dermatologic oncology FPDs.


A Challenging Mimicker: Uncovering Hypopigmented Mycosis Fungoides From Common Benign Dermatoses, Paola Torres-Laboy, Rachel Dykes, Michelle Foley, Karthik Krishnamurthy 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Challenging Mimicker: Uncovering Hypopigmented Mycosis Fungoides From Common Benign Dermatoses, Paola Torres-Laboy, Rachel Dykes, Michelle Foley, Karthik Krishnamurthy

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


A Case Of An African American Female Presenting With Idiopathic Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis, Wendy Timirau, Esra Sari, Maham Shahid, Nilmarie Guzman, Augusto Villegas 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of An African American Female Presenting With Idiopathic Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis, Wendy Timirau, Esra Sari, Maham Shahid, Nilmarie Guzman, Augusto Villegas

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Aquagenic And Cholinergic Urticaria, Marilian A. Canals Rivera, Kyle Rauch, Amanda Brenner, Victoria Charry 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of Aquagenic And Cholinergic Urticaria, Marilian A. Canals Rivera, Kyle Rauch, Amanda Brenner, Victoria Charry

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm, Jacquelyn Medina, Adam Chahine, Courtney Bernett, Karthik Krishnamurthy 2023 HCA Healthcare

Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm, Jacquelyn Medina, Adam Chahine, Courtney Bernett, Karthik Krishnamurthy

South Atlantic Division GME Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Trametinib-Induced Epidermal Thinning Accelerates A Mouse Model Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, Grace Tartaglia, Pyung Hung Park, Michael H. Alexander, Alexander Nyström, Joel Rosenbloom, Andrew P. South 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Trametinib-Induced Epidermal Thinning Accelerates A Mouse Model Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, Grace Tartaglia, Pyung Hung Park, Michael H. Alexander, Alexander Nyström, Joel Rosenbloom, Andrew P. South

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) patients experience skin and epithelial fragility due to a pathological deficiency in genes associated with epidermal adhesion. Disease severity ranges from post-natal lethality to localized skin involvement with persistent blistering followed by granulation tissue formation and atrophic scarring. We evaluated the potential of utilizing Trametinib, an MEK inhibitor previously shown to target fibrosis, with and without the documented EB-anti-fibrotic Losartan for reducing disease severity in a mouse model of JEB; Lamc2jeb mice. We found that Trametinib treatment accelerated disease onset and decreased epidermal thickness, which was in large part ameliorated by Losartan treatment. Interestingly, a range …


Alopecia In Patients With Collagen Vi-Related Myopathies: A Novel/Unrecognized Scalp Phenotype, Michela Starace, Francesca Pampaloni, Francesca Bruni, Federico Quadrelli, Stephano Cedirian, Carlotta Baraldi, Cosimo Misciali, Alberto Di Martino, Patrizia Sabatelli, Luciano Merlini, Bianca Maria Piraccini 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Alopecia In Patients With Collagen Vi-Related Myopathies: A Novel/Unrecognized Scalp Phenotype, Michela Starace, Francesca Pampaloni, Francesca Bruni, Federico Quadrelli, Stephano Cedirian, Carlotta Baraldi, Cosimo Misciali, Alberto Di Martino, Patrizia Sabatelli, Luciano Merlini, Bianca Maria Piraccini

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Collagen VI-related myopathies are characterized by severe muscle involvement and skin involvement (keratosis pilaris and impaired healing with the development of abnormal scars, especially keloids). Scalp involvement and hair loss have not been reported among cutaneous changes associated with collagen VI mutations. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, trichoscopic, and histological findings of the scalp changes in patients affected by COL VI mutations and to estimate their prevalence. Patients with Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy were enrolled and underwent clinical and trichoscopic examinations and a scalp biopsy for histopathology. Five patients were enrolled, and all complained of …


Peristomal Irritant Contact Dermatitis Treated With Dupilumab, Emma Villamaria, Chelsea Steele, Megan Rogge 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Peristomal Irritant Contact Dermatitis Treated With Dupilumab, Emma Villamaria, Chelsea Steele, Megan Rogge

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Venous Leg Ulcers: An Analysis Of Nursing Knowledge, Shelia Moore-Miller 2023 Abilene Christian University

Venous Leg Ulcers: An Analysis Of Nursing Knowledge, Shelia Moore-Miller

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This project evaluated the knowledge level of wound center nursing staff on venous leg ulcer etiology and treatments after an educational intervention. To determine the effectiveness of the educational intervention, participants completed a pretest and posttest evaluation. Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are chronic lower extremity ulcers affecting older Americans. VLUs are painful and negatively affect activities of daily living. Inadequate VLU treatment can become an infectious process that can ultimately threaten limb existence. A quantitative, quasi-experimental study was conducted over three weeks in a hospital-based wound care center in central Florida. The theoretical framework applied to this project is Lydia …


Risankizumab In Patients With Moderate-To-Severe Atopic Dermatitis: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study, Stephen K Tyring, Phoebe Rich, Yayoi Tada, Stefan Beeck, Izabella Messina, Jie Liu, Xiaohong Huang, Stephen Shumack 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Risankizumab In Patients With Moderate-To-Severe Atopic Dermatitis: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study, Stephen K Tyring, Phoebe Rich, Yayoi Tada, Stefan Beeck, Izabella Messina, Jie Liu, Xiaohong Huang, Stephen Shumack

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a heterogeneous disease, with involvement of the T-helper cell (Th) 2, Th22, and potentially Th17 pathways, supporting the use of interleukin (IL)-23 and IL-22 blockade in AD.

METHODS: This phase 2, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (NCT03706040) evaluated the efficacy and safety of risankizumab, an IL-23 inhibitor, in patients (≥ 12 years old) with moderate-to-severe AD, defined by an Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) ≥ 16, affected body surface area ≥ 10%, and a Validated Investigator Global Assessment for AD (vIGA-AD) score ≥ 3. Patients were randomized 2:2:1 to 16-week treatment with risankizumab 150 …


Lichenoid Drug Eruption Induced By Erenumab, Meryl Musicante, Yamila Goenaga-Vázquez, Natasha Klimas 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Lichenoid Drug Eruption Induced By Erenumab, Meryl Musicante, Yamila Goenaga-Vázquez, Natasha Klimas

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Topical Antibiotic Treatment In Dermatology, Matthew Dallo, Kavina Patel, Adelaide A Hebert 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Topical Antibiotic Treatment In Dermatology, Matthew Dallo, Kavina Patel, Adelaide A Hebert

Journal Articles

Many indications in dermatology can be effectively managed with topical antibiotics, including acne vulgaris, wound infections, secondarily infected dermatitis, and impetigo. Dermatologists must be familiar with the wide spectrum of topical antibiotics available, including indications, mechanisms of action, adverse events, and spectra of activity. Dermatologists must also keep antibiotic resistance in mind when utilizing these medications. Due to the widespread use of topical antibiotics and their importance in dermatology, a literature review was performed using a systematic search of PubMed and Google Scholar with the terms topical antibiotics, skin infections, dermatology, antimicrobials, and inflammatory dermatoses to identify English-language articles published …


Racial Differences In Perceived Risk And Sunscreen Usage, Rebecca Fliorent, Alicia Podwojniak, Lianne Adolphe, Katharine Milani 2023 Rowan University

Racial Differences In Perceived Risk And Sunscreen Usage, Rebecca Fliorent, Alicia Podwojniak, Lianne Adolphe, Katharine Milani

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Background Although White individuals have higher incidence of melanoma, clinical outcomes are worse among patients with skin of color. This disparity arises from delayed diagnoses and treatment that are largely due to clinical and sociodemographic factors. Investigating this discrepancy is crucial to decrease melanoma-related mortality rates in minority communities. A survey was used to investigate the presence of racial disparities in perceived sun exposure risks and behaviors. Methods A survey consisting of 16 questions was deployed via social media to assess skin health knowledge. Over 350 responses were recorded, and the extracted data were analyzed using statistical software. Results Of …


Hereditary Angioedema: Diagnosis, Clinical Implications, And Pathophysiology, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Peter P. Issa, Logan Roberts, Haley Norwood, Kevin Malone, Harshitha Vemulapalli, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Elyse M. Cornett, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Hereditary Angioedema: Diagnosis, Clinical Implications, And Pathophysiology, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Peter P. Issa, Logan Roberts, Haley Norwood, Kevin Malone, Harshitha Vemulapalli, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Elyse M. Cornett, Sahar Shekoohi, Alan D. Kaye

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a mutation in the C1 esterase inhibitor gene. HAE affects 1/50,000 people worldwide. Three main types of HAE exist: type I, type II, and type III. Type I is characterized by a deficiency in C1-INH. C1-INH is important in the coagulation complement, contact systems, and fibrinolysis. Most HAE cases are type I. Type I and II HAE result from a mutation in the SERPING1 gene, which encodes C1-INH. Formally known as type III HAE is typically an estrogen-dependent or hereditary angioedema with normal C1-INH activity. Current guidelines now recommend subdividing …


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