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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

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Long-Term Nitrogen And Phosphorus Fertilization Of Irrigated Corn, Alan J. Schlegel, H. Dewayne Bond Jan 2020

Long-Term Nitrogen And Phosphorus Fertilization Of Irrigated Corn, Alan J. Schlegel, H. Dewayne Bond

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Long-term research shows that phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer must be applied to optimize production of irrigated corn in western Kansas. In 2019, N applied alone increased yields by 71 bu/a, whereas P applied alone increased yields by 10 bu/a. Nitrogen and P applied together increased yields up to 131 bu/a, which is 10 bu/a less than the 10-year average of 141 bu/a. Application of 120 lb/a N (with highest P rate) produced 97% of maximum yield in 2019, which is slightly greater than the 10-year average. Application of 80 instead of 40 ...


Pivot Bio Proven Inoculant As A Source Of Nitrogen In Corn, William G. Davis, Carlos A. Bonini Pires, Dorivar A. Ruiz Diaz, Kraig L. Roozeboom, Charles W. Rice Jan 2020

Pivot Bio Proven Inoculant As A Source Of Nitrogen In Corn, William G. Davis, Carlos A. Bonini Pires, Dorivar A. Ruiz Diaz, Kraig L. Roozeboom, Charles W. Rice

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nitrogen (N) fertilizer represents a significant annual cost for farmers. Additionally, N losses pose environmental concerns and represent loss of resources. Proven, an N fixing bacterial inoculant for corn developed by Pivot Bio (Berkeley, CA) is expected to fix between 20 and 30 lb N/a over a growing season. The use of bacterial inoculants to fix N for corn reduces the risk of N loss through leaching and volatilization by reducing the amount of inorganic fertilizers required to maximize yield. To evaluate the efficacy of Proven, a field trial was established in Manhattan, KS, on a Kennebec silt loam ...


Fertilizer Source And Rate Affect Sulfur Uptake And Yield Response In Corn, T. E. Husa, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Fertilizer Source And Rate Affect Sulfur Uptake And Yield Response In Corn, T. E. Husa, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

With sulfur deficiencies being found throughout Kansas, the evaluation of sulfur fertilization and plant uptake are vital to optimize corn production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of application rates of sulfur on yield and uptake in corn. Nutrient concentrations in corn biomass and grain were evaluated at the Kansas River Valley Experiment Field at Rossville, KS, in 2019. Five treatments were evalu­ated, including a control with no sulfur and no nitrogen (N), and four fertilizer treat­ments with 180 lb of nitrogen and four rates of sulfur fertilizer (0, 30, 50, and 200 lb ...


Response To Mixing Wheat Seed With Fertilizer In The Drill At Planting, C. Weber, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Response To Mixing Wheat Seed With Fertilizer In The Drill At Planting, C. Weber, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Mixing dry phosphorus (P) fertilizer with winter wheat seed is common in Kansas to provide a starter fertilizer benefit to the crop. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of dry P sources, rates, and times fertilizer mixed with wheat seed, effects on early growth and overall productivity and yield of the crop. Two winter wheat studies were conducted in the 2018–2019 wheat growing season at Manhattan (site 1) and Topeka (site 2) Kansas. The previous crop for site 1 was soybean and corn at site 2. The winter wheat was no-till drilled at 70 lb/a and ...


Effects Of Timing And Amount Of Feed Prior To Farrowing On Sow And Litter Performance Under Commercial Conditions, K. M. Gourley, A. J. Swanson, R. Q. Royall, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. J. Milnes, C. W. Hastad Jan 2020

Effects Of Timing And Amount Of Feed Prior To Farrowing On Sow And Litter Performance Under Commercial Conditions, K. M. Gourley, A. J. Swanson, R. Q. Royall, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. J. Milnes, C. W. Hastad

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 727 mixed parity (mean = 3.8) sows were used to evaluate the effects of timing and size of meals before farrowing on sow and litter performance. Upon entry to the farrowing house (d 113), sows were blocked by weight within parity and allotted to 1 of 3 feeding management strategies until farrowing: 1) 6.0 lb lacta­tion diet (1.15% standardized ileal digestible lysine and 1,150 kcal/lb NE) once daily at 0700 h; 2) 4 daily meals of 1.5 lb (0100 h, 0700 h, 1300 h, 1900 h); 3) ad libitum lactation diet ...


Effects Of Iron Injection Timing On Suckling And Subsequent Nursery And Growing-Finishing Performance And Hematological Criteria Under Commercial Conditions, H. E. Williams, B. Carrender, R. Maurer, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, A. J. Holtcamp, K. F. Coble Jan 2020

Effects Of Iron Injection Timing On Suckling And Subsequent Nursery And Growing-Finishing Performance And Hematological Criteria Under Commercial Conditions, H. E. Williams, B. Carrender, R. Maurer, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, A. J. Holtcamp, K. F. Coble

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,892 newborn pigs (PIC 359 × C40; initially 3.3 lb body weight [BW]) within 172 litters were used in a 168-d study to evaluate the effects of Fe injection timing after birth on suckling and subsequent nursery and growing-finishing growth performance and hematological criteria. One day after birth, piglets were weighed, and 11 pigs within each litter were allotted to 1 of 6 treatments consisting of no Fe injection or 200 mg of injectable Fe provided on d 1, 3, 5, or 7 of age, or 200-mg on d 1 plus 200-mg on d 12 of ...


Evaluation Of Aviplus On Growth Performance Of Nursery And Growing-Finishing Pigs, W. M. Hutchens, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. Keppy, K. Stephens, P. Maynard Jan 2020

Evaluation Of Aviplus On Growth Performance Of Nursery And Growing-Finishing Pigs, W. M. Hutchens, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. Keppy, K. Stephens, P. Maynard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of AviPlus (a combination of micro-encapsulated sorbic and citric acids and synthetic thymol and vanillin botani­cals; Vetagro Inc., Chicago, IL) on growth performance during the wean-to-finish period in a commercial research environment. A total of 1,215 pigs (L337 × 1050; PIC, Hendersonville, TN) were used in a 156-d wean-to-finish experiment. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d of age and placed in pens based on initial body weight (BW) with 27 pigs per pen in a randomized complete block design. During the 42-day nursery period, pigs were allotted to 1 of ...


Evaluation Of Dietary Inclusion Of Specialty Protein Ingredients On Nursery Pig Performance, H. R. Williams, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, J. W. Frank, T. Wang Jan 2020

Evaluation Of Dietary Inclusion Of Specialty Protein Ingredients On Nursery Pig Performance, H. R. Williams, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, S. S. Dritz, J. W. Frank, T. Wang

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,215 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 11.0 lb body weight) were used in a 42-d growth trial to evaluate a new specialty protein blend prototype (Protein Blend, International Ingredient Corp., St. Louis, MO) on nursery growth performance. Pigs were randomly assigned to pens (27 pigs per pen) and pens were allotted by weight to 1 of 5 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 9 pens per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 + 1 negative control factorial arrange­ment with main effects of protein source (HP300, Hamlet Protein, Findlay, OH; and ...


Effects Of Different Corn Protein Sources And Level On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Feed Efficiency, Z. X. Rao, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. Mertz Jan 2020

Effects Of Different Corn Protein Sources And Level On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Feed Efficiency, Z. X. Rao, J. C. Woodworth, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. Mertz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of 3 corn protein sources added at the expense of other specialty protein sources or corn on nursery pig growth performance and feed efficiency (F/G), and economic return. A total of 315 pigs (241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 12.1 lb) were used in a 35-d growth trial. There were 5 pigs per pen and 9 replicates per treatment. The treatments were struc­tured as a randomized complete block design and arranged in a 3×2+1 factorial with main effects of corn protein source (CP1, CP2, and CP3; Cargill ...


Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Lactating Sow Performance, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón Jan 2020

Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Lactating Sow Performance, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 107 sows (Line; 241 DNA; Columbus, NE) were used in a study to evaluate the effect of Enogen Feed corn and conventional yellow dent corn ground to different particle sizes in lactation diets on sow and litter performance. On d 107 of gestation, sows were blocked by body weight and parity and allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments. Dietary treatments consisted of 2 corn sources (Enogen Feed corn and conventional yellow dent) and 2 ground corn particle sizes (600 and 900 microns). A common diet was fed to sows from time of arrival into the farrowing ...


Improving Performance Of Finishing Pigs With Added Valine, Isoleucine, And Tryptophan: Validating A Meta-Analysis Model, H. R. Kerkaert, H. S. Cemin, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, K. D. Haydon, C. Hastad, Z. Post Jan 2020

Improving Performance Of Finishing Pigs With Added Valine, Isoleucine, And Tryptophan: Validating A Meta-Analysis Model, H. R. Kerkaert, H. S. Cemin, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, K. D. Haydon, C. Hastad, Z. Post

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Based on a recent meta-analysis, we hypothesized that increased dietary Val, Ile, or Trp could correct possible amino acid interactions caused by high dietary Leu in diets containing high levels of corn protein, namely dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). A total of 1,200 pigs (PIC TR4 × (Fast LW × PIC L02); initially 74.0 ± 1.38 lb) were used in a 103-d study. The 6 dietary treatments were corn-soybean meal- DDGS-based diets as follows: 1) low level of Lys-HCl (HSBM), 2) high Lys-HCl and moderate Ile, Val, Trp (NC; AA above NRC4 estimates), 3) moderate Lys-HCl and high Ile ...


Effects Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Tryptophan:Lysine Ratio On Growth And Carcass Performance Of Finishing Pigs Fed Ractopamine Hcl, H. E. Williams, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. A. Soto Jan 2020

Effects Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Tryptophan:Lysine Ratio On Growth And Carcass Performance Of Finishing Pigs Fed Ractopamine Hcl, H. E. Williams, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. A. Soto

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Recent research has reported that increasing standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp:Lys ratio above 20% in finishing pigs fed ractopamine HCl (RAC) resulted in improved growth and carcass performance, however, this response has been inconsistent. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of feeding high SID Trp:Lys ratios with RAC on growth and carcass performance. A total of 1,791 finishing pigs (PIC 1050 × 337, initially 245.1 lb BW) were used in a 27-d study to evaluate the effects of feeding high SID Trp:Lys ratios on growth and carcass performance of pigs fed ...


Practical Application Of Sample Size Determination Models For Assessment Of Mortality Outcomes In Swine Field Trials, J. T. Gebhardt, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, N. Cernicchiaro, A. L. Dixon, D. G. Renter, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband Jan 2020

Practical Application Of Sample Size Determination Models For Assessment Of Mortality Outcomes In Swine Field Trials, J. T. Gebhardt, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, N. Cernicchiaro, A. L. Dixon, D. G. Renter, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Mortality within livestock production has a substantial impact on economic sustain­ability of enterprises. The livestock industry has a unique opportunity to maximize animal welfare and production efficiency by minimizing morbidity and mortality. To do so, investigators must appropriately balance the utilization of limited resources with the quantity necessary for robust research. The objective of the study was to illustrate the use of readily implementable statistical models to determine sample size neces­sary to detect statistically significant differences between groups with varying levels of mortality. To this end, a series of examples were created where the unit to which a ...


Impact Of Storage Conditions And Premix Type On Fat-Soluble Vitamin Stability, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. E. Evans, C. K. Jones, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, C. R. Stark, J. R. Bergstrom, C. B. Paulk Jan 2020

Impact Of Storage Conditions And Premix Type On Fat-Soluble Vitamin Stability, M. Saensukjaroenphon, C. E. Evans, C. K. Jones, J. T. Gebhardt, J. C. Woodworth, C. R. Stark, J. R. Bergstrom, C. B. Paulk

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of Exp. 1 was to determine the impact of 0, 30, 60, or 90 d storage time on fat-soluble vitamin stability when vitamin premix (VP) and vitamin trace mineral premix (VTM) are blended with 1% inclusion of medium chain fatty acids (MCFA; 1:1:1 blend of C6:C8:C10) or mineral oil (MO) with different environmental condi­tions. Treatments were arranged as a 2 × 2 × 2 × 4 factorial, with 2 premix type (VP or VTM), 2 oil type (MO or MCFA), 2 storage conditions [room temperature (RT) or high-heat, high-humidity (HTHH)] and 3 storage times (30, 60 ...


Feces Of Finisher Pigs Have A Low Prevalence Of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli That Are Of Public Health Importance, R. G. Amachawadi, X. Shi, J. Bai, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, T. G. Nagaraja Jan 2020

Feces Of Finisher Pigs Have A Low Prevalence Of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli That Are Of Public Health Importance, R. G. Amachawadi, X. Shi, J. Bai, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, S. S. Dritz, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, T. G. Nagaraja

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are major food pathogens that cause mild to bloody diarrhea, including complications of kidney damage and even death, particularly in children and elderly. Seven serogroups of STEC, O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157, called top-7 STEC, are responsible for the majority of STEC infections in the US. Shiga toxins, which are proteins secreted by the bacteria, are major virulence factors contributing to the disease. There are two Shiga toxin types, 1 and 2, encoded stx1 and stx2 gene, respectively and each type has several subtypes. Another major virulence factor, intimin, a ...


Swine Day Report Foreword And Acknowledgments, R. D. Goodband, J. T. Gebhardt, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth Jan 2020

Swine Day Report Foreword And Acknowledgments, R. D. Goodband, J. T. Gebhardt, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, J. C. Woodworth

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

It is with great pleasure that we present the 2020 Swine Industry Day Report of Progress. This report contains updates and summaries of applied and basic research conducted at Kansas State University during the past year. We hope that the information will be of benefit as we attempt to meet the needs of the Kansas swine industry.


Sale Price Of Holstein Feeder Steer Lots Relative To Other Breed Descriptions Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Sales From 2010 Through 2018, E. D. Mccabe, M. J. Smith, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde Jan 2020

Sale Price Of Holstein Feeder Steer Lots Relative To Other Breed Descriptions Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Sales From 2010 Through 2018, E. D. Mccabe, M. J. Smith, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the relative value of Holstein feeder steer lots compared to steer lots of other breed descriptions sold through video auctions while adjusting for all other factors that significantly influenced sale price.

Study Description: Data were analyzed from 14,075 lots of feeder steers sold via 211 livestock video auctions from 2010 through 2018. All lot characteristics that could be accurately quantified or categorized were used to develop a multiple regression model with backwards selection. A lot was categorized into one of four breed descriptions: 1) English, English crossed; 2) English-Continental crossed ...


Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steak Ph Affects External Bioelectrical Impedance Assessment, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao Jan 2020

Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steak Ph Affects External Bioelectrical Impedance Assessment, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: To use external bioelectrical impedance analysis to assess postmortem chemical changes in normal- and high-pH beef longissimus lumborum steaks during simulated retail display.

Study Description: Beef strip loins (n = 20; postmortem age = 14 d) obtained from a commercial processor were sorted into two treatments, normal-pH (5.61–5.64; n = 11) and high-pH (6.2–7.0; n = 9). Loins were fabricated into five 1-inch thick steaks (n = 100), and randomly assigned to one of five display days: 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9. External bioelectrical impedance values, oxygen consumption, metmyoglobin reducing ability, protein degradation, water holding capacity, and ...


Cattlemen's Day 2020 Jan 2020

Cattlemen's Day 2020

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research on beef cattle management, nutrition, and meat science at Kansas State University.


Roundup 2020: Agricultural Research Center - Hays Jan 2020

Roundup 2020: Agricultural Research Center - Hays

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Roundup is the major beef cattle education and outreach event sponsored by the Agricultural Research Center - Hays. The 2020 program is the 106th staging of Roundup. The purpose is to communicate timely, applicable research information to producers and extension personnel.


Including Legumes In Bermudagrass Pastures, J. L. Moyer, L. W. Lomas Jan 2020

Including Legumes In Bermudagrass Pastures, J. L. Moyer, L. W. Lomas

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Bermudagrass is a productive forage species when intensively managed. However, it has periods of dormancy and requires proper management to maintain forage quality. Legumes in a bermudagrass sward could improve forage quality and reduce fertilizer usage; however, legumes are difficult to establish and maintain with the competitive grass. Clovers can maintain survival once established in bermudagrass sod, and may be productive enough to substitute for some N fertilization. This study was designed to compare dry cow performance on a bermudagrass pasture system that included ladino and crimson clovers (Legume) vs. bermudagrass alone (Nitrogen). Use of legumes in wheat-bermudagrass pastures did ...


Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On No-Till Corn Grown On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On No-Till Corn Grown On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Average corn yield in 2019 was increased by 14 bu/a with knife application of pre-plant nitrogen (N) fertilizer compared with broadcast application. Applying N more than doubled yield of corn grown without N. In general, applying side-dress N increased yields compared to yields obtained with only pre-plant applications.


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, P. Barnes, G. Pierzynski Jan 2020

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, P. Barnes, G. Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The residual from previous high-rate turkey litter applications, which were based on nitrogen (N) requirements of the previous grain sorghum crop, increased 2019 soybean yield more than that obtained from the residual of phosphorus (P)-based turkey litter applications (low rate) or the control. Even though early soybean growth was unaffected by residual treatments, the dry matter production at the R6 growth stage was greater with N-based litter application than with P-based applications or the control.


Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary - 2019, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin, E. Adee Jan 2020

Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary - 2019, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin, E. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This is a summary of the crop production conditions in southeast Kansas in 2019, and the results of the variety testing for corn, soybean, sorghum, sunflower, and wheat.


Southeast Research And Extension Center Agricultural Research 2020 Jan 2020

Southeast Research And Extension Center Agricultural Research 2020

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research report for the Southeast Research and Extension Center, Kansas State University, 2020


Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield to nitrogen (N) fertilizer. During the 2019 cropping season, an N rate experiment in corn was established in Scandia, KS, evaluating five N fertilizer rates as UAN (28-0-0) under both dryland and irrigated conditions. Average yields ranged from 138 to 236 bu/a under rainfed and from 153 to 249 bu/a for irrigated conditions. Under both dryland and irrigated conditions, maximum yields were achieved with an N rate of about 161 lb/a. Total N supply was calculated as N at planting ...


Physiological Changes Across Historical Sorghum Hybrids Released During The Last Six Decades, P. A. Demarco, L. Mayor, S. Tamagno, J. A. Fernandez, P. V. Vara Prasad, J. L. Rotundo, C. D. Messina, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Physiological Changes Across Historical Sorghum Hybrids Released During The Last Six Decades, P. A. Demarco, L. Mayor, S. Tamagno, J. A. Fernandez, P. V. Vara Prasad, J. L. Rotundo, C. D. Messina, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

For the last decades, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) improvement in the United States (US) has been related to targeted modifications in genotype, environ­ment, and management (G × E × M) combinations. Retrospective studies are relevant to document changes in the phenotype associated to breeding process and to explore alternatives to improve yield and its physiological associated traits. This study aims to characterize yield changes over time for hybrids with different year of release. Field trials were conducted during 2018 and 2019 growing seasons in eight environments/site-years across the states of Kansas and Texas including 20 grain sorghum hybrids released ...


Water Use And Productivity Of Teff, A Dairy Quality Forage Crop, J. M. Davidson, R. M. Aiken, D. H. Min, G. J. Kluitenberg Jan 2020

Water Use And Productivity Of Teff, A Dairy Quality Forage Crop, J. M. Davidson, R. M. Aiken, D. H. Min, G. J. Kluitenberg

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Teff grass can be a competitive summer annual forage in Kansas. Teff grass is a rapidly growing, high quality forage that could be a good option for producers in water-limited areas with a short growing season. The cultivar ‘Excalibur’ exhibited superior biomass (4280 lb/a) and crop water productivity (610 lb/a-in.), among teff cultivars. This study also indicated that biomass productivity and crop water productivity of sorghum sudangrass (696 lb/a-in.) tended to be greater than that of forage pearl millet (528 lb/a-in.). Further research into teff grass should focus on integration of teff into irrigation management systems ...


Water Use And Productivity Of Corn And Grain Sorghum In Long-Term Crop Sequences, R. M. Aiken Jan 2020

Water Use And Productivity Of Corn And Grain Sorghum In Long-Term Crop Sequences, R. M. Aiken

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dryland corn and grain sorghum showed similar water productivity of grain and above-ground biomass, relative to respective growing periods, at the apparent yield frontier. The yield frontier indicates the maximum productivity for a given amount of water use. This similarity in productive response to water supply provides a foundation for improved precipitation use. Yield gaps relative to the yield frontier appear substan­tial. Water supply during the grain filling period was the primary driver of feed grain crop productivity, and was affected more by available soil water at pollen shed than by precipitation during grain-fill or available water at maturity ...


Dual Use Of Cover Crops For Forage Production And Soil Health In Dryland Crop Production, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, L. M. Simon, S. K. Johnson Jan 2020

Dual Use Of Cover Crops For Forage Production And Soil Health In Dryland Crop Production, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, L. M. Simon, S. K. Johnson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Integrating a cover crop (CC) into dryland crop production in the semiarid central Great Plains (CGP) can provide several ecosystem benefits. However, CC adoption is slow and not widely popular in the CGP because CCs utilize water that other­wise would be available for the subsequent cash crop. Grazing or haying CCs can provide economic benefits to offset revenue loss associated with decreased crop yields when CCs are grown ahead of a cash crop. Objectives of the current research were to 1) determine forage production of CC mixtures, and 2) evaluate the impacts of removing CCs for forage on subsequent ...