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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

1987

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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Feeding And Managing Early Lactation Cows, James R. Dunham Jan 1987

Feeding And Managing Early Lactation Cows, James R. Dunham

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feeding and managing dairy cows during the prepartum and early lactation periods have more effect on total lactation yields than all other factors. It is during this time that the pattern of milk production is established for the entire lactation. The full production potential of high producing cows cannot be realized unless these periods are given special consideration.; Dairy Day, 1987, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 1987;


Concentrations Of Progesterone And Conception Rates In Holstein Heifers After Hcg Administration During The First 3 Weeks After Estrus, R.E. Stewart, M.O. Mee, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 1987

Concentrations Of Progesterone And Conception Rates In Holstein Heifers After Hcg Administration During The First 3 Weeks After Estrus, R.E. Stewart, M.O. Mee, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We conducted two experiments to determine the effects of administering human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on day 4 or on days 15, 16, and 17 after estrus on conception rates and progesterone secretion by the corpus luteum in Holstein heifers. In the first experiment, 60 heifers received hCG or saline on day 4 after estrus and AI. Conception rates were similar between groups. Concentrations of progesterone were increased in treated pregnant and nonpregnant heifers 7 and 14 days after treatment compared with pregnant and nonpregnant controls. In the second experiment, 62 heifers received hCG or saline on days 15, 16, and ...


Further Studies Utilizing Hormones To Alter Estrous Cycles And Fertility, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, R.E. Stewart, Edward P. Call Jan 1987

Further Studies Utilizing Hormones To Alter Estrous Cycles And Fertility, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, R.E. Stewart, Edward P. Call

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In one large dairy herd, we examined the reproductive performance of 943 cows following early postpartum hormonal therapy utilizing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH or Cystorelin®) and prostaglandin F2-α (PGF). None of our hormonal treatments improved reproductive efficiency in this herd, whereas earlier studies at the KSU Dairy Teaching and Research Center had proved beneficial. However, cows given PGF to induce estrus at the beginning of the breeding period had similar reproductive performance to control cows, suggesting a potential use for one injection of PGF to allow the breeding of more cows by a target date after calving (e.g., by 65 ...


Cow-Side Milk Progesterone Testing, Edward P. Call, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 1987

Cow-Side Milk Progesterone Testing, Edward P. Call, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Cow-side milk progesterone tests are effective in determining the presence of an active corpus luteum (CL) on the ovary. The test is best used as an adjunct to the Preventive Herd Health Program (PHHP) as a means of identifying cows that have not yet been detected in heat and are candidates for synchronization with prostaglandin (PGF). Several test kits are on the market, and all involve similar chemical principles. However, each test has its own protocol, so read and follow directions EXACTLY. A "control" or "sample" must be run with each test for comparison.; Dairy Day, 1987, Kansas State University ...


Evaluating Serving Capacity Of Yearling Beef Bulls - A Field Trial, G. Boyd, L. Corah Jan 1987

Evaluating Serving Capacity Of Yearling Beef Bulls - A Field Trial, G. Boyd, L. Corah

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Results from two trials showed that serving capacity (SC) can be successfully evaluated in yearling beef bulls under field conditions and is influenced by sire line (P<.01). Also, providing sexual experience to low SC yearling bulls can improve SC and should be a standard part of the test. Scrotal circumference and breeding soundness examination scores, both traditional measures of bull fertility, were unrelated to SC.


Efficacy Of Depo-Mga® In Feedlot Heifers, Jack G. Riley, Ronald V. Pope, L. O'Neill Jan 1987

Efficacy Of Depo-Mga® In Feedlot Heifers, Jack G. Riley, Ronald V. Pope, L. O'Neill

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three levels of melengestrol acetate (30, 60, and 90 mg) injected subcutaneously as a liquid (DEPO-MGA ®) in the ear of heifers yielded high performance results comparable to feeding 0.5 mg of MGA per head daily. Heifers fed 0.5 mg MGA daily gained 6% faster and were 11% more efficient than heifers not receiving MGA. This study will be pooled with trials from 13 other locations in the U.S. to determine if further development and FDA clearance of DEPO-MGA ® will be pursued by the Upjohn Company.


Compudose® Vs Ralgro®/Synovex-S® Or Synovex-S®/Synovex-S® Reimplant Programs For Finishing Yearling Steers, S.B. Laudert, R.W. Lee Jan 1987

Compudose® Vs Ralgro®/Synovex-S® Or Synovex-S®/Synovex-S® Reimplant Programs For Finishing Yearling Steers, S.B. Laudert, R.W. Lee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three field trials were conducted with finishing yearling steers to compare the performance of cattle receiving Compudose® or Ralgro®/Synovex-S® and Synovex-S®/Synovex-S® reimplant combinations. No differences were found between Compudose and the reimplant programs in cattle daily gain, feed efficiency, or cost of gain. Compudose retention was 97.5% in the 1317 head implanted. Synovex-S implant site abscess rate ranged from 5.7 to 15.4%.


Compudose® Compared With Synovex-H® For Finishing Yearling Heifers, S.B. Laudert Jan 1987

Compudose® Compared With Synovex-H® For Finishing Yearling Heifers, S.B. Laudert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feedlot heifers implanted once with either Compudose® or Synovex-H® performed similarly, with daily gains of 3.16 vs 3.27 lbs, respectively. Compudose retention in the ear was 97.5%. Implant site abscess rate was 2.5% for Compudose and 13.7% for Synovex-H.


Feeding Value Of Wheat And Sorghum Grain As Indicated By Absorbed Nutrients, K.L. Gross, D.L. Harmon, T.B. Avery Jan 1987

Feeding Value Of Wheat And Sorghum Grain As Indicated By Absorbed Nutrients, K.L. Gross, D.L. Harmon, T.B. Avery

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Steers fed diets based on dry-rolled wheat or sorghum grain alone or combined (50:50) showed no differences in net portal fluxes of glucose, L-lactate, ammonia, urea, or α-amino nitrogen. Portal blood flow was increased in steers fed the 50:50 diet. Total volatile fatty acid flux into the portal blood tended to be lower for steers fed the sorghum grain diet, which may partially explain the lower feeding value of sorghum grain compared to wheat or the two grains combined.


Influence Of Mixtures Of High Moisture Corn And Dry Rolled Wheat On Finishing Performance And Carcass Characteristics, B.J. Bock, Robert T. Brandt Jr., D.L. Harmon Jan 1987

Influence Of Mixtures Of High Moisture Corn And Dry Rolled Wheat On Finishing Performance And Carcass Characteristics, B.J. Bock, Robert T. Brandt Jr., D.L. Harmon

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dry rolled wheat and high moisture corn were fed singly and in three combinations in a 132-day finishing trial. Daily gain, feed intake, and final live weight were greatest on the 75% corn:25% wheat diet. Feed efficiencies and carcass characteristics were not affected by grain combination. Daily gain and feed intake tended to decrease as percentage of wheat in the diet increased above 25%.


Color Formation And Retention In Fresh Beef, Donald H. Kropf, Melvin C. Hunt, D. Piske Jan 1987

Color Formation And Retention In Fresh Beef, Donald H. Kropf, Melvin C. Hunt, D. Piske

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We conducted two studies in response to a severe problem with ground beef color encountered by beef fabricators and retailers. We concluded that: (1) Loss of muscle chemical-reducing capability upon grinding, with subsequent color deterioration, results from both the mechanical effect of grinding and incorporation of oxygen into the beef. (2) Flat, thin, surface muscles from beef carcasses retain more ability to bloom (turn bright red) if they are removed by hot boning or after a relatively short chill period.


Measurement Of The Binding Properties Of Meat Used In Restructured Beef Products, S.J. Goll, Curtis L. Kastner Jan 1987

Measurement Of The Binding Properties Of Meat Used In Restructured Beef Products, S.J. Goll, Curtis L. Kastner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The dried weight of the material washed from meat surfaces by distilled water closely paralleled the binding strength between meat particles as measured by tensile strength testing. Sponges added to meat pieces during mixing were a poor estimation of protein extraction and binding strength.


Effects Of Energy Level And Lasalocid On Productivity Of Fall-Calving,First-Calf Heifers, T. Goehring, L. Corah, James J. Higgins Jan 1987

Effects Of Energy Level And Lasalocid On Productivity Of Fall-Calving,First-Calf Heifers, T. Goehring, L. Corah, James J. Higgins

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Fall-calving, first-calf heifers (136 head) were fed TDN levels approximating 85% or 100% of NRC recommendations, with or without 200 mg/hd/day lasalocid. Those fed the recommended diet gained more weight from 130 days prepartum to calving and showed more improvement in condition score before calving than those on the low-energy diet. After calving, the group fed the recommended energy level lost less weight and condition and had better reproductive performance than the low-energy group. The only effect of lasalocid was to improve calf performance in the low-energy group.


Factors Predicting The Probability Of Estrus And Pregnancy, T. Goehring, L. Corah, James J. Higgins Jan 1987

Factors Predicting The Probability Of Estrus And Pregnancy, T. Goehring, L. Corah, James J. Higgins

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A statistical analysis was used to determine which live animal traits are useful in predicting reproductive performance in first-calf heifers. Heifer condition score at calving and change in condition score postcalving, calving difficulty score, and milk production were related to the probability of estrus and pregnancy. Condition score at calving had the greatest impact and, to a great extent, moderates the influence of the other traits.


Effect Of Commercial Inoculants On The Fermentation Of Alfalfa, Corn, Forage Sorghum, And Triticale Silages, K. Bolsen, H. Ilg, A. Laytimi, R. Hart, V. Chain, L. Nuzback, Daniel Y.C. Fung Jan 1987

Effect Of Commercial Inoculants On The Fermentation Of Alfalfa, Corn, Forage Sorghum, And Triticale Silages, K. Bolsen, H. Ilg, A. Laytimi, R. Hart, V. Chain, L. Nuzback, Daniel Y.C. Fung

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Fourteen commercial inoculants were evaluated in seven trials using alfalfa, corn, forage sorghum, and triticale silages. Microbial profiles of the inoculants and of the crops differed widely. Viable lactic acid bacteria (LAB) supplied per gram of fresh crop by the inoculants ranged from less than 103 to over 103. Only the alfalfas had 10 or fewer LAB per gram of crop when the forages were treated and as a result, fermentation responses were excellent for those inoculants that supplied 10 or more LAB per gram of treated crop. Corn and triticale underwent a very rapid fermentation rate with very little ...


Effect Of Bovatec® Level In Supplemental Feed On Performance And Forage Utilization Characteristics Of Wintering Beef Cattle, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, K.A. Jacques, T.B. Avery, K.O. Zoellner, J.F. Higginbotham Jan 1987

Effect Of Bovatec® Level In Supplemental Feed On Performance And Forage Utilization Characteristics Of Wintering Beef Cattle, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, K.A. Jacques, T.B. Avery, K.O. Zoellner, J.F. Higginbotham

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Various levels of lasalocid (Bovatec®) added to a protein supplement did not improve weight or condition change of beef cows grazing poor quality winter pasture. Similarly, calf birth weight and most forage utilization characteristics (e.g., intake, passage rate, and fermentation characteristics) were not altered by Bovatec level. Although forage digestibility was influenced by Bovatec level, changes were not sufficient to influence performance characteristics.


Effect Of Environmental Temperature And An Inoculant On The Fermentation Of Forage Sorghum Silage, K. Bolsen Jan 1987

Effect Of Environmental Temperature And An Inoculant On The Fermentation Of Forage Sorghum Silage, K. Bolsen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The inoculants, BioPower®, increased the rate and efficiency of ensiling in Acco Paymaster 351 forage sorghum regardless of storage temperature. The untreated, 60 F silage fermentated slower and had higher pH, lower lactic acid, and higher acetic acid values than its 90 F counterpart.


Grazing And Feedlot Performance Of Heifers Spayed By Two Methods, S.B. Laudert, Gerry L. Kuhl, A.J. Edwards Jan 1987

Grazing And Feedlot Performance Of Heifers Spayed By Two Methods, S.B. Laudert, Gerry L. Kuhl, A.J. Edwards

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two field trials were conducted to compare the pasture and finishing performance of heifers spayed by the Kimberling-Rupp(K-R) technique or by flank spaying plus autografting a piece of ovarian tissue into the rumen wall (FS+A). In trial 1, neither spaying method resulted in gains of grazing heifers different from that of intake controls; however, FS+A heifers gained 5.1% faster than K-R spayed heifers. In trial 2, grazing gains of heifers spayed by the two techniques were similar. During the finishing phase, no performance difference was found among intact, K-R, or FS+A heifers in trial 1 ...


Effect Of Several Spaying Methods On Grazing Heifer Gains, Gerry L. Kuhl, T. Goehring, B. Ritter, S. Laudert, W. Mccully Jan 1987

Effect Of Several Spaying Methods On Grazing Heifer Gains, Gerry L. Kuhl, T. Goehring, B. Ritter, S. Laudert, W. Mccully

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Several spaying and ovarian autografting methods were tested in three field trials with 658 grazing heifers. None of the techniques examined were found to have a beneficial effect on heifer gains compared to intact controls. Heifers' initial weight, frame size, and body condition score were associated with cattle performance; however, their relative impact on gains varied across the three trials.


Influence Of Sorghum Grain Supplementation On Forage Utilization By Beef Steers Consuming Immature Bluestem, E.S. Vanzant, A.A. Beharka, R.C. Cochran, T.B. Avery, K.A. Jacques Jan 1987

Influence Of Sorghum Grain Supplementation On Forage Utilization By Beef Steers Consuming Immature Bluestem, E.S. Vanzant, A.A. Beharka, R.C. Cochran, T.B. Avery, K.A. Jacques

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Supplementing beef steers consuming immature bluestem with 0, 1, 2, or 4 lbs of sorghum grain daily did not affect forage intake. Thus, total intake increased as level of grain increased. Total dry matter, cell wall, and starch digestibilities were mildly depressed with increasing grain. Rumen fill and rates of passage were similar for all treatments, and differences in rumen fermentation characteristics were minimal.


1987 Agricultural Research, Southeast Kansas Branch Station, L. W. Lomas, K. W. Kelley, J. L. Moyer, D. W. Sweeney Jan 1987

1987 Agricultural Research, Southeast Kansas Branch Station, L. W. Lomas, K. W. Kelley, J. L. Moyer, D. W. Sweeney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research on beef cattle and crops at Southeast Kansas Branch Station.


The Value Of Drip Versus Spray Cooling At Two Flow Rates To Reduce Heat Stress Of Finishing Swine, David A. Nichols, R C. Thaler, James P. Murphy, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1987

The Value Of Drip Versus Spray Cooling At Two Flow Rates To Reduce Heat Stress Of Finishing Swine, David A. Nichols, R C. Thaler, James P. Murphy, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred fifty pigs were used to evaluate the effectiveness of either spray cooling or drip sprinkling to reduce heat stress in finishing swine. In addition, water flow rates of .2 gal/pig/hr and .4 gal/pig/hr were compared. All wetting treatments significantly (P<.01) improved average daily gain and feed intake (P<.05) compared with non-wetted control. No differences were observed in feed to gain ratio among treatments. Drip sprinkling at the higher flow rate resulted in performance equal to that with intermittent spray cooling at both flow rates.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 19, 1987


Effect Of Select Menhaden Fish Meal And Dried Whey In Starter Diets For Pigs, G R. Stoner, G L. Allee, Jim L. Nelssen, M E. Johnston Jan 1987

Effect Of Select Menhaden Fish Meal And Dried Whey In Starter Diets For Pigs, G R. Stoner, G L. Allee, Jim L. Nelssen, M E. Johnston

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A growth trial was conducted to examine the effects of select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) and dried whey (DW) in starter diets for pigs. A total of 240, 3-wk-old, weaned pigs averaging 12.1 lb were utilized. Pigs did not receive creep feed and were introduced to the experimental diets immediately upon weaning. The trial was conducted for 4 wk. A factorial design with 3 levels of SMFM (0, 4, and 8%) and 2 levels of OW (10 and 20%) was employed. Analysis of the data indicated no SMFM x DW interaction by the end of wk 4. Inclusion of ...


Effect Of Protein And/Or Carbohydrate Fractions Of Dried Whey On Performance And Nutrient Digestibility Of Weanling Pigs, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, G L. Allee Jan 1987

Effect Of Protein And/Or Carbohydrate Fractions Of Dried Whey On Performance And Nutrient Digestibility Of Weanling Pigs, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, G L. Allee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred and eighty 3-wk old pigs (initial weight 10.6 lb) were utilized in a 35-day growth trial to determine the effects of the carbohydrate and/or protein fractions of dried whey on pig performance. In addition, 30 3-wk-old pigs (initial weight 10.8 lb) were used in two digestion trials to study the effects of the whey fractions on nutrient digestibility. Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean meal control (CON), control + 20% dried whey (WHE), control + 14% lactose (CHO), control + 2.1% lactalbumin (PRO), control + 14% lactose + 2.1% lactalbumin (CHO + PHD), and control + 8.4% whey protein concentrate ...


The Effects Of Added Niacin During Lactation On Sow And Litter Performance, Robert D. Gooband, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1987

The Effects Of Added Niacin During Lactation On Sow And Litter Performance, Robert D. Gooband, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An on-farm field study utilizing 231 sows was conducted to determine the effects of added niacin during a 21-day lactation on sow and litter performance. At farrowing, sows were assigned to one of two dietary treatments that provided either 200 or 1000 mg niacin/day. All Iitters were equalized within dietary treatment by 24 hours following farrowing. All sows had a similar number of pigs born alive, pigs equalized per litter, and average pig and litter birth weights. Feeding sows a diet providing 1000 mg additional niacin did not significantly affect the number of pigs weaned, pig survival, or average ...


Characteristics Of Frankfurters From Preblended Pork, Curtis L. Kastner, Y I. Choi, Donald H. Kropf Jan 1987

Characteristics Of Frankfurters From Preblended Pork, Curtis L. Kastner, Y I. Choi, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Five pork carcasses were used to determine the effects of hot boning and various combinations of salt (0, 1.5, or 3.0%) and a phosphate mixture (0 or 0.5%) on functional, processing, and storage characteristics of preblended pork (preblends). Although hot-boned (HB) preblends had superior functional properties compared to conventionally boned (CB) preblends, HB and CB frankfurters had similar characteristics. More (P(.05) myosin and actin (proteins that cause lean and fat particles to bind together) were extracted from HB than CB preblends. Addition of salt (1.5 or 3.0%) or phosphate (0.5%) generally increased myosin ...


Protein Requirement Of Finishing Barrows And Gilts (110 To 230 Lbs)., Robert H. Hines, B A. Koch, David A. Nichols, L M. Turlington, Robert D. Goodband Jan 1987

Protein Requirement Of Finishing Barrows And Gilts (110 To 230 Lbs)., Robert H. Hines, B A. Koch, David A. Nichols, L M. Turlington, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eighty barrows and 80 gilts were fed diets containing four crude protein levels (16, 15, 14, and 13%) from approximately 115 lb to a market weight of 230-235 lb. Barrows and gilts were fed separately to determine their protein requirements during the finishing period. Performance traits (ADG, ADF, and F/G) of barrows and gilts were not significantly affected by increasing the protein content of the diet from 13 to 16%. However, barrows linearly decreased in fat thickness at the 10th rib as crude protein content in the diet was increased. Also, percent muscle increased linearly with increased protein for ...


The Changing Structure Of Red Meat Demand, James Mintert Jan 1987

The Changing Structure Of Red Meat Demand, James Mintert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Testing for a demand change was done using pork and beef demand models estimated over the 1950-1984 period. Results suggest that a structural change has taken place in both beef and pork demand. The beef demand change, however, appears to have been more severe than that noted for pork.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 19, 1987


Characteristics Of Aerial Dust In Finishing Buildings, A J. Heber, M Stroik Jan 1987

Characteristics Of Aerial Dust In Finishing Buildings, A J. Heber, M Stroik

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eleven finishing units were surveyed to study the characteristics of aerial dust and factors that influence dust concentrations. Feed dust was the major portion of the total dust mass and can be minimized with feed additives, less feed wastage, enclosed feed delivery, and periodic cleaning. Ventilation was the primary method for dust removal. Naturally ventilated buildings had higher dust concentrations than mechanically ventilated buildings because of lower average airflow rates, especially during cold weather. Swine workers can minimize respiratory symptoms by wearing face masks.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 19, 1987


Minimizing Environmental Effects On Nutritional Needs Of Growing Finishing Pigs, David A. Nichols Jan 1987

Minimizing Environmental Effects On Nutritional Needs Of Growing Finishing Pigs, David A. Nichols

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Swine have a great ability to grow and reproduce in a variety of environments and facilities. This ability is documented by profitable production in both the most elaborate and the most simple facilities. Efficiency and profitability in environmental extremes are highly variable but performance level during environmental stress is generally less than maximum. The thermal environment strongly influences pig performance with air temperature having the primary effect. All too often, producers fail to consider the total environment of the pig. Air movement, humidity, and, in some instances, solar radiation contribute to how the pig feels. We must consider the total ...