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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dairy Science

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Individual Feed Intake Of Transition Cows And Their Daily Activity Measures Of Temperature, Eating, Rumination, Resting, And Activity Times, J. S. Stevenson, C. S. Takiya, B. J. Bradford Jan 2019

Individual Feed Intake Of Transition Cows And Their Daily Activity Measures Of Temperature, Eating, Rumination, Resting, And Activity Times, J. S. Stevenson, C. S. Takiya, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Fifteen transition dairy cows bearing CowSensor® ear tags were monitored during 14 days before and after calving to assess temperature and behavior outcomes recorded by the sensors, in addition to actual individual dry matter and as-fed feed intake. The sensors—compared with reported visual observation studies—underestimated eating and resting times, but rumination time was estimated reasonably accurately. Expected changes in rumination (decreased acutely before calving and increased linearly to day 14) and general activity (increased acutely just before calving) were observed. More studies are warranted to determine how to use these activity monitors in detecting health disorders of cows ...


Combined Risk Factors And Digestive Disorders In Mid-Lactation Holstein Cows: A Case Study, S. T. Quanz, L. K. Mamedova, M. J. Brouk, P. Gott, B. J. Bradford Jan 2019

Combined Risk Factors And Digestive Disorders In Mid-Lactation Holstein Cows: A Case Study, S. T. Quanz, L. K. Mamedova, M. J. Brouk, P. Gott, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Digestive disorders can be a significant cause of disease on dairies and are frustrating because of their unpredictability. Diets that may support excellent health in most cases may nonetheless result in significant gastrointestinal disease, even leading to deadly conditions such as hemorrhagic bowel syndrome. To our knowledge, there is limited research on these conditions, as many risk factors fail to reproduce disease when experimentally administered to cows, leading many to conclude that these disorders are generally multifactorial in nature and difficult to replicate. In this case study, we document the outbreak and resolution of digestive disorders among 15 control cows ...


Does Time Interval From Thawing Multiple Straws Of Semen To Insemination Affect Pregnancy Outcome Of Lactating Dairy Cows?, J. Fehn, L. G. Mendonça Jan 2019

Does Time Interval From Thawing Multiple Straws Of Semen To Insemination Affect Pregnancy Outcome Of Lactating Dairy Cows?, J. Fehn, L. G. Mendonça

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Technicians must follow guidelines when inseminating cows to avoid impacting the quality of semen and pregnancy per AI (P/AI). The interval from initiation of the thawing process of multiple semen straws until AI is an important aspect to be considered when evaluating the performance of AI technicians. Time interval from thawing to AI can be affected by the skill level of the AI technician, distance from the thawing unit to location of insemination, and labor efficiency. Because modern dairy farms are becoming larger, it is important to evaluate if the interval from thawing to AI is impacting P/AI ...


Disease Prevalence And Its Consequences On Blood Metabolites, Physical Activities, Milk Yield, And Fertility, J. S. Stevenson, S. Banuelos Jan 2019

Disease Prevalence And Its Consequences On Blood Metabolites, Physical Activities, Milk Yield, And Fertility, J. S. Stevenson, S. Banuelos

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Health status of 160 lactating cows was monitored by assessing blood metabolites on days 0, 3, 7, and 14 after calving, in addition measures of physical activity during 20 days surrounding parturition. Cows with clinical disease (any with diagnosis of ketosis, metritis, mastitis, respiratory disease, or milk fever during the first 60 days in milk) were compared with outcomes in healthy cows. Expected differences were observed between health status groups for serum concentrations of free fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyrate, haptoglobin, and calcium, but not for plasma glucose. Daily postpartum rumination and eating times were decreased in diseased cows and they spent ...


Are My Dry Cows Heat-Stressed? A Novel Approach To Assess Heat Stress Of Dry Cows In Commercial Dairy Herds, A. L. Scanavez, C. A. Gamarra, R. S. De Oliveira, L. G. Mendonça Jan 2019

Are My Dry Cows Heat-Stressed? A Novel Approach To Assess Heat Stress Of Dry Cows In Commercial Dairy Herds, A. L. Scanavez, C. A. Gamarra, R. S. De Oliveira, L. G. Mendonça

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Heat stress during the dry period causes major economic losses to the dairy industry. However, limited research exists regarding responses of dry cows exposed to various temperature and relative humidity gradients. In addition, no validated methods are currently available to assess heat stress in dry cows. The goals of this study were to describe core body temperature (CBT) responses of dry cows according to a variety of temperature-humidity index (THI) values, and develop and validate a practical method to assess heat stress in dry cows in commercial dairy herds. This study was comprised of 2 parts. In the first part ...


Deliberate Exercise Of Pregnant Holstein Heifers Improves Milk Composition During Lactation, J. Johnson, P. Steichen, B. J. Bradford, A. E. Rhodes, T. G. Rozell Jan 2019

Deliberate Exercise Of Pregnant Holstein Heifers Improves Milk Composition During Lactation, J. Johnson, P. Steichen, B. J. Bradford, A. E. Rhodes, T. G. Rozell

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Exercise has substantial impacts on systemic physiology, but little research has been conducted to assess how it may influence dairy cattle in modern confined production systems. Dairy heifers were walked for up to 45 minutes, 4 days per week for 8 weeks during pregnancy to assess impacts on subsequent health and productivity. Heifers that were exercised had increased milk protein and solids-not-fat concentrations for up to 15 weeks into lactation, and increased milk fat and energy-corrected milk production at some time points during this period, as compared to sedentary contemporaries. No adverse or beneficial effects of exercise were found on ...


Beta-Hydroxybutyrate Alters The Mrna Cytokine Profile From Mouse Macrophages Challenged With Streptococcus Uberis, T. H. Swartz, L. K. Mamedova, B. J. Bradford Jan 2019

Beta-Hydroxybutyrate Alters The Mrna Cytokine Profile From Mouse Macrophages Challenged With Streptococcus Uberis, T. H. Swartz, L. K. Mamedova, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to determine if β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) altered inflammatory responses in macrophages challenged with a common mastitis pathogen, Streptococcus uberis. Mouse macrophages (RAW 264.7 line) were cultured either in the presence or absence of BHB for 24 h, and then challenged or not with S. uberis. Relative transcript abundance of cell membrane receptors (TLR2 and GPR109a), cytokines (IL-1β, IL-10, TNFα, and TGFβ), and chemokines (CXCL2 and CCL5) were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and normalized against the geometric mean of HPRT and B2M. Streptococcus uberis activated the macrophages, noted by greater transcript ...


Effects Of A High-Protein Corn Product On Nutrient Digestibility And Production Responses In Mid-Lactation Dairy Cows, W. E. Brown, B. J. Bradford Jan 2019

Effects Of A High-Protein Corn Product On Nutrient Digestibility And Production Responses In Mid-Lactation Dairy Cows, W. E. Brown, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An experiment was conducted to assess the effects of a high-protein corn product (56% crude protein; CP) relative to other sources of protein on the lactation performance of dairy cows. Twenty-four Holstein cows (1,367 ± 105 lb of body weight, 111 ± 34 days in milk, 2.28 ± 0.46 lactations; mean ± standard deviation) were randomly assigned to treatment sequence in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design balanced for carryover effects. Cows were individually fed one of four diets with a different protein concentrate source during each 28-day period, including: soybean meal (SBM), high-protein corn product (HPCP), soybean meal with ...


Identifying A Milk-Replacer And Weaning Strategy For Holstein Calves Using Automated Behavioral Measures Of Lying And Environmental Enrichment Device Use, E. M. Bortoluzzi, T. M. Hill, L. L. Deikun, L. A. Ruiz, M. J. Goering, T. S. Dennis, F. X. Suarez-Mena, J. D. Quigley, R. L. Schlotterbeck, M. V. Alonso, R. Mazloom, M. Jaberi-Douraki, L. E. Hulbert Jan 2019

Identifying A Milk-Replacer And Weaning Strategy For Holstein Calves Using Automated Behavioral Measures Of Lying And Environmental Enrichment Device Use, E. M. Bortoluzzi, T. M. Hill, L. L. Deikun, L. A. Ruiz, M. J. Goering, T. S. Dennis, F. X. Suarez-Mena, J. D. Quigley, R. L. Schlotterbeck, M. V. Alonso, R. Mazloom, M. Jaberi-Douraki, L. E. Hulbert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In dairy production, “weaning readiness” is often based on solid feed intake. The goal of this study was to determine weaning readiness using feed-intake, lying-behaviors, and the use of an environmental enrichment device (EED) in calves that underwent 1 of 4 milk-replacer and weaning protocols. Twenty-eight male Holstein calves (95 ± 2.6 lb BW at 1 d of age) were housed in individual pens and initially fed one type of milk replacer (25% crude protein (CP), 17% fat, 1.45 lb of dry matter (DM)) via nipplebuckets twice a day (AM and PM), and one type of textured calf starter ...


Effects Of Two Commercial Supplemental Fat Products On Body Condition Score And Cow- And Herd-Level Milk Yield And Composition In A Commercial Dairy Herd In Kansas, A. L. Scanavez, C. A. Gamarra, R. S. De Oliveira, L. G. Mendonça Jan 2019

Effects Of Two Commercial Supplemental Fat Products On Body Condition Score And Cow- And Herd-Level Milk Yield And Composition In A Commercial Dairy Herd In Kansas, A. L. Scanavez, C. A. Gamarra, R. S. De Oliveira, L. G. Mendonça

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feeding fat supplements to lactating dairy cows is an effective strategy to increase energy density of rations and increase milk yield. However, it is not clear whether supplementing a specific fat supplement for the entire lactating herd provides better results than others in commercial dairy herds. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of fat supplementation with two commercial products on changes in body condition score (BCS) and cow- and herd-level milk production and composition in a large commercial dairy herd. The study was conducted in a herd milking approximately 1,500 Holstein cows. One of two ...


Dairy Research 2019, B. J. Bradford Jan 2019

Dairy Research 2019, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kansas State University is pleased to present the 2019 Dairy Research Report of Progress and proud to serve the growing Kansas dairy industry.


Impact Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Product On Feed Intake Parameters, Lactation Performance, And Metabolism Of Transition Dairy Cattle, K. Olagaray, S. E. Sivinski, B. A. Saylor, L. K. Mamedova, J. A. Sauls, I. Yoon, B. J. Bradford Jan 2018

Impact Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Fermentation Product On Feed Intake Parameters, Lactation Performance, And Metabolism Of Transition Dairy Cattle, K. Olagaray, S. E. Sivinski, B. A. Saylor, L. K. Mamedova, J. A. Sauls, I. Yoon, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (NutriTek; Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA) was fed from 29 ± 5 days before calving and through 42 days in milk (DIM) to evaluate the effects on feed intake parameters, milk production, and metabolism. Treatments were control (n = 30) or 18 g/d NutriTek (NT, n = 34) provided as total mixed rations. Cows were individually fed 3×/day prepartum and 2×/day postpartum. Cows were milked 2×/day with samples taken 2×/week for composition analysis. Body weight (BW) was measured at enrollment (day -29 ± 5), day 0, and day 42 relative to calving, and body ...


Development Of A High Protein Dairy Snack Based On German-Style Quark Cheese, Y. Ou, K. S. Babu, P. Thorakkattu, K. Getty, J. Amamcharla Jan 2018

Development Of A High Protein Dairy Snack Based On German-Style Quark Cheese, Y. Ou, K. S. Babu, P. Thorakkattu, K. Getty, J. Amamcharla

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Current consumer trends highlight the need for developing convenient and ready-to-eat snack foods that render health benefits when consumed. Rising popularity of protein-enriched foods and beverages have led to increasing awareness among consumers of health benefits related to a dairy-rich diet. The vast majority of people have adopted this lifestyle, spotting the protein’s importance in delivering vital nutrients for health and maintenance of the body, curbing hunger, sustaining a slow release of energy, and speeding the metabolism. Innovation is the key driver for the dairy snack market. The primary objective of this project was to develop an American-sourced predominantly ...


Effect Of Draining Volume On The Yield And Enrichment Ratio During Foam Fractionation Of Greek Yogurt Whey, Y. B. Ma, J. Amamcharla Jan 2018

Effect Of Draining Volume On The Yield And Enrichment Ratio During Foam Fractionation Of Greek Yogurt Whey, Y. B. Ma, J. Amamcharla

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Foam fractionation was evaluated as a cost-effective method to add value to Greek yogurt whey (GYW), a co-product of Greek yogurt manufacturing. Two separate batches of GYW were obtained from a Greek yogurt manufacturer. Whey proteins present in GYW can be concentrated and manufactured as food ingredients using a low-cost foam fractionation. The objective of this study was to apply foam fractionation with different draining volumes to GYW and evaluate its enrichment and yield of whey protein. A benchtop foam fractionation setup was built in-house, and three different foam draining volumes were used to identify the optimal processing parameters for ...


Physiologic Responses To Feeding Rumen-Protected Glucose To Lactating Dairy Cows, J. A. Sauls-Hiesterman, S. Banuelos, B. Atanasov, B. Bradford, J. S. Stevenson Jan 2018

Physiologic Responses To Feeding Rumen-Protected Glucose To Lactating Dairy Cows, J. A. Sauls-Hiesterman, S. Banuelos, B. Atanasov, B. Bradford, J. S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Lactating Holstein cows were enrolled in a study beginning before first insemina­tion. Cows were supplemented with a rumen-protected glucose (RPG) product to test the hypothesis that circulating progesterone concentrations could be increased by increasing blood glucose, which causes an increase in insulin, subsequently decreasing progesterone clearance by liver enzymes. Supplementation occurred at 0, 2.2, 4.4, or 8.8 lb per head per day to test a dose response. Treatment began 3 days before ovula­tion and continued until day 12 of the estrous cycle. Rumen-protected glucose did not impact serum concentration of glucose before or after feeding ...


Can A “Zero Land Use” Diet Maintain Milk Production Of Dairy Cows?, C. S. Takiya, C. M. Ylioja, A. Bennett, M. Davidson, B. J. Bradford Jan 2018

Can A “Zero Land Use” Diet Maintain Milk Production Of Dairy Cows?, C. S. Takiya, C. M. Ylioja, A. Bennett, M. Davidson, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dairy cows can convert feeds unsuitable and unpalatable for humans into milk and play a key role in food security. Feed efficiency is usually calculated as the ratio between nutrients secreted in milk and nutrient intake, but this metric does not address concerns about human/livestock feed competition. This study aimed to evaluate whether cows fed a “zero land use” diet (diet that does not affect land used for production of human food), with or without rumen-protected amino acids, can maintain milk compared to a conventional lactation diet. Twelve second-lactation dairy cows were used in a 3×3 Latin square ...


Dominance Of Right Ovary Structures In Lactating Dairy Cows, J. S. Stevenson Jan 2018

Dominance Of Right Ovary Structures In Lactating Dairy Cows, J. S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objectives were to determine the absolute and relative ovary location of dominant and preovulatory follicles and corpora lutea (CL) present in ovaries before and during hormone synchronization and their associations with CL regression, ovulation, and pregnancy rates in lactating dairy cows. Cows were exposed to presynchronization treatments of PGF2a, GnRH, or both, 3 to 4 weeks before initiating a timed artificial insemination (AI) program (GnRH-1 – 7 days – PGF [1 dose or 2 doses 24 hours apart] – 56 hours after first or only dose of PGF – GnRH-2 – 16 hours – timed AI) in which cows were first inseminated ...


Gestation Length And Overall Performance In The Subsequent Lactation Of Dairy Cows Conceiving To Holstein, Jersey, Or Angus Semen: An Observational Study, A. L. Scanavez, L. G. Mendonça Jan 2018

Gestation Length And Overall Performance In The Subsequent Lactation Of Dairy Cows Conceiving To Holstein, Jersey, Or Angus Semen: An Observational Study, A. L. Scanavez, L. G. Mendonça

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Breeding strategies adopted by commercial dairy herds have evolved in recent years by incorporating the use of several breeds, including beef sires. Results of such strategies on offspring performance have been studied but reports on the effects on dam’s overall performance after calving are still lacking. The goal of this observational study was to investigate the associations between sire breed of previous conception, gestation length, and postpartum performance of dairy cows. Records from Holstein and crossbred cows from a Kansas commercial herd were extracted. Data pertaining to cows that conceived from Holstein, Jersey, or Angus sires and initiated second ...


Relationship Between Body Condition Score Change During The Prepartum Period And Week Four Milk Yield Of Dairy Cows, C. A. Gamarra, A. L. Scanavez, L. G. Mendonça Jan 2018

Relationship Between Body Condition Score Change During The Prepartum Period And Week Four Milk Yield Of Dairy Cows, C. A. Gamarra, A. L. Scanavez, L. G. Mendonça

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objectives of the study were to (1) evaluate the association between body condition score (BCS) change in the prepartum period and week four milk yield and (2) explore whether average week four milk yield can be used as an indicator of the percentage of cows having BCS loss before calving at the herd level. Cows that had excessive BCS loss had decreased milk yield in early lactation relative to cows that did not change BCS or had moderate BCS loss in the dry period. Nonetheless, monitoring average week four milk yield does not appear to be a reliable indicator ...


2018 Dairy Research Foreword, Etc., B. J. Bradford Jan 2018

2018 Dairy Research Foreword, Etc., B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kansas State University is pleased to present the 2018 Dairy Research Report of Progress and proud to serve the growing Kansas dairy industry.


2018 Dairy Research, B. J. Bradford Jan 2018

2018 Dairy Research, B. J. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research on dairy foods and dairy cattle performed in 2018 at Kansas State University.


Foreword, B. Bradford Jan 2017

Foreword, B. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kansas State University is pleased to present the 2017 Dairy Research Report of Progress. We continue to watch the Kansas dairy industry grow, and in 2016 our state ranked 10th for largest growth in total milk produced. During the past 5 years (2011 to 2016), total milk production in Kansas has increased by 29%; the number of cows by 18%; and annual pounds of milk per cow by 1,785. Therefore, the Kansas dairy herd is not only growing, but is becoming more productive and efficient. At the end of 2016, Kansas ranked 13th nationally in milk yield per cow ...


Resynchronization Of Lactating Dairy Cows At Open Pregnancy Diagnosis Based On The Presence Or Absence Of A Corpus Luteum: A Practical Approach, J. A. Sauls, J. S. Stevenson Jan 2017

Resynchronization Of Lactating Dairy Cows At Open Pregnancy Diagnosis Based On The Presence Or Absence Of A Corpus Luteum: A Practical Approach, J. A. Sauls, J. S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Lactating Holstein cows in three herds were enrolled in a study at the time of nonpregnancy diagnosis. Cows were assigned to a resynchronization program based on ovarian structures determined by transrectal ultrasonography. Three resynchronization treatments were employed starting on the day of open diagnosis to test: (1) accuracy of ultrasound technician’s ability to identify a functional corpus luteum (CL); (2) whether an initial GnRH injection is required to start resynchronization when a CL is present at nonpregnant diagnosis (Short Synch: PGF — 24 hours — PGF — 32 hours — GnRH — 16 hours — timed artificial insemination [AI]); and (3) whether applying ...


Effects Of Dietary Supplementation Of Scutellaria Baicalensis Extract During Early Lactation On Milk Production Of Dairy Cattle, K. Olagaray, Michael Brouk, F. Robert, E. Dupuis, B. Bradford Jan 2017

Effects Of Dietary Supplementation Of Scutellaria Baicalensis Extract During Early Lactation On Milk Production Of Dairy Cattle, K. Olagaray, Michael Brouk, F. Robert, E. Dupuis, B. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 122) were used in a randomized block design to determine the effect of short-term and long-term postpartum administration of Scutellaria baicalensis extract (SBE) on 305-day milk yield, 120-day milk component yield, and early lactation milk markers of inflammation and metabolic function. Treatments were (1) control, (2) short-term (5-day) administration of the SBE (SBE5), and (3) longterm (60-day) administration of the SBE (SBE60). Treatments were included in a treatment pellet that was identical to the control pellet in ingredient source and composition except for the extract, and both pellets were provided via an automated milking system. Milk ...


Case Study: Improving Heat Abatement Strategies For Lactating Dairy Cows In Southwest Kansas, L. Mendonca, A. Scanavez Jan 2017

Case Study: Improving Heat Abatement Strategies For Lactating Dairy Cows In Southwest Kansas, L. Mendonca, A. Scanavez

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Temperature loggers attached to intravaginal devices can be used to assess severity of heat stress in dairy cows. Vaginal temperature data collected using this method can be used to evaluate effectiveness of heat abatement systems. The goal for this study was to use vaginal temperature information to evaluate the impact of implementing new heat abatement strategies in order to minimize heat stress in lactating dairy cows. Vaginal temperature of cows from 2 dairies located in southwest Kansas were assessed during summers of 2014 and 2017. Dairy A improved the heat abatement systems in 2017, while Dairy B did not. Historical ...


The Effects Of An Evaporative Cooling System On Reducing Heat Load In Lactating Dairy Cows, J. R. Johnson, M. J. Wolf, J. Mcbride, Michael Brouk Jan 2017

The Effects Of An Evaporative Cooling System On Reducing Heat Load In Lactating Dairy Cows, J. R. Johnson, M. J. Wolf, J. Mcbride, Michael Brouk

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 2 cooling systems on barn temperature, core body temperature (CBT), respiration rate, rear udder temperature, and lying time in lactating Holstein dairy cows. Twenty lactating Holstein dairy cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups: CONV, where cows were housed in a conventional, open-sidewall freestall barn equipped with feedline soakers and fans located over the feedline and stalls; and TUNNEL, where cows were housed in a tunnel-ventilated freestall barn utilizing an evaporative cooling system. TUNNEL was effective at reducing barn temperature humidity index (THI) compared to CONV, but failed ...


Association Between Reproduction And Postpartum Cow Health During Summer Months In Dairies Located In The Great Plains Region, L. Mendonca, A. Scanavez Jan 2017

Association Between Reproduction And Postpartum Cow Health During Summer Months In Dairies Located In The Great Plains Region, L. Mendonca, A. Scanavez

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Postpartum cow health has an impact on fertility of dairy cows, and impaired fertility in dairy herds ultimately influences profitability of dairy farms. During summer months, postpartum cow health and reproductive performance are affected in dairies located in the Great Plains region. The goal for this study was to evaluate farm-level associations between reproductive efficiency and postpartum cow health in dairy herds located in the Great Plains region. Data from June to August of 2010 to 2016 from 18 herds located in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Texas were extracted. Overall pregnancy per AI was used as the measure of ...


Dose And Frequency Of Pgf2Α Administration To Lactating Dairy Cows Exposed To Presynchronization And Either Five- Or Seven-Day Ovsynch Protocols: Ovulation, Luteolysis, And Pregnancy Rates, J. S. Stevenson, J. A. Sauls Jan 2017

Dose And Frequency Of Pgf2Α Administration To Lactating Dairy Cows Exposed To Presynchronization And Either Five- Or Seven-Day Ovsynch Protocols: Ovulation, Luteolysis, And Pregnancy Rates, J. S. Stevenson, J. A. Sauls

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Lactating Holstein cows in one herd were milked three times daily and enrolled in a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design with eight treatments before first postpartum artificial insemination (AI). These treatments were employed to test ovulatory, progesterone, and luteolytic outcomes to three main effects: (1) two GnRH-PGF presynchronization programs (PG-3-G vs. Double Ovsynch); (2) 5- vs. 7-day Ovsynch-duration programs; and (3) two doses (25 mg on consecutive days) or one dose (50 mg) of PGF administered before timed AI. Results from this experiment demonstrate no differences in the presynchronization treatments of PG-3-G vs. Double Ovsynch; both are effective ...


Effects Of Milk Feeding Strategies On Short- And Long-Term Productivity Of Holstein Cows, M. Garcia, S. R. Montgomery, L. Hulbert, B. Bradford Jan 2017

Effects Of Milk Feeding Strategies On Short- And Long-Term Productivity Of Holstein Cows, M. Garcia, S. R. Montgomery, L. Hulbert, B. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objectives of this study were to determine the impacts of feeding preweaning heifers with a high protein milk replacer (MR) or a raw or pasteurized non-saleable milk (NSM) on preweaning and first lactation performance. Holstein heifers (n = 154) were blocked by birth date and weight (BW) and within block randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: 1) MR (4% protein and 2.6% fat, liquid basis); 2) pasteurized NSM (PNSM, 3.6% protein and 4.1% fat, liquid basis); or 3) raw NSM (RNSM, 3.6% protein and 4.1% fat, liquid basis). Heifers in RNSM were fed raw ...


Productivity Of A Triticale And Crimson Clover Winter Cover Crop For Dairies, K. Olagaray, C. Takiya, M. Scheffel, T. Brown, J. S. Stevenson, D. H. Min, B. Bradford Jan 2017

Productivity Of A Triticale And Crimson Clover Winter Cover Crop For Dairies, K. Olagaray, C. Takiya, M. Scheffel, T. Brown, J. S. Stevenson, D. H. Min, B. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The potential for a winter cover crop to align with agronomic objectives and to support milk production was evaluated at the Kansas State University Dairy Teaching and Research Center, Manhattan, KS. August planting of a triticale and crimson clover blend following corn silage harvest resulted in production of more than 3.5 tons of dry matter prior to subsequent corn planting. After ensiling, the impact of triticale/crimson clover silage (TCS) on milk production was evaluated in 48 mid- to late-lactation Holstein cows. Cows were blocked by parity (1 and 2+) and milk production, then randomly assigned within block to ...