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Kansas Fertilizer Research 2020, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Kansas Fertilizer Research 2020, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A summary of research conducted in 2018-2020 on fertilizer use and management practices for crops in Kansas. Published in 2020 from the Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service https://www.ag.k-state.edu/.


Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems, A. Schlegel, L. Haag, A. Burnett Jan 2020

Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems, A. Schlegel, L. Haag, A. Burnett

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study was conducted from 2008–2019 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research- Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify whether more intensive cropping systems can enhance and stabilize production in rainfed cropping systems to optimize economic crop production, more efficiently capture and utilize scarce precipitation, and maintain or enhance soil resources and environmental quality. The crop rotations evaluated were continuous grain sorghum (SS), wheat-fallow (WF), wheat-corn-fallow (WCF), wheat-sorghum-fallow (WSF), wheat-corn-sorghum-fallow (WCSF), and wheat-sorghum-corn-fallow (WSCF). All rotations were grown using no-tillage practices except for WF, which was grown using reduced-tillage. The efficiency of ...


Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel, H. D. Bond Jan 2020

Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel, H. D. Bond

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A limited irrigation study involving four cropping systems and evaluating four crop rotations was initiated in 2012 at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The cropping systems were two annual systems (continuous corn [C-C] and continuous grain sorghum [GS-GS]) and two 2-year systems (corn-grain sorghum [C-GS] and corn-winter wheat [C-W]). In 2019, corn yields were similar for all rotations, although averaged across the past 7 years, corn yields were greater following wheat than following corn. There were no significant differences in grain sorghum yields in 2019, which was similar to the multi-year average. Wheat yields were greater than the ...


Soil Phosphorus Fractions After Long-Term Fertilizer Placement In Different Kansas Soils, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Soil Phosphorus Fractions After Long-Term Fertilizer Placement In Different Kansas Soils, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Phosphorus (P) fertilizer placement can affect the long-term dynamics and forms of P, and the overall soil P pools. These changes can vary by soil type, and affect P uptake and use efficiency by crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the labile P fractions in three Kansas soil types under P fertilizer placements (broadcast versus deep band) after ten years of crop rotation. Three field studies were conducted at Scandia, Ottawa, and Manhattan. Three treatments were evaluated: 1) a control with no P fertilizer application and two fertilizer treatments (80 lb P2O ...


Fertilizer Source And Rate Affect Sulfur Uptake And Yield Response In Corn, T. E. Husa, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Fertilizer Source And Rate Affect Sulfur Uptake And Yield Response In Corn, T. E. Husa, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

With sulfur deficiencies being found throughout Kansas, the evaluation of sulfur fertilization and plant uptake are vital to optimize corn production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of application rates of sulfur on yield and uptake in corn. Nutrient concentrations in corn biomass and grain were evaluated at the Kansas River Valley Experiment Field at Rossville, KS, in 2019. Five treatments were evalu­ated, including a control with no sulfur and no nitrogen (N), and four fertilizer treat­ments with 180 lb of nitrogen and four rates of sulfur fertilizer (0, 30, 50, and 200 lb ...


Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Nursery Pig Performance, H. R. Williams, H. R. Kerkaert, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón Jan 2020

Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Nursery Pig Performance, H. R. Williams, H. R. Kerkaert, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 360 pigs (DNA 200 × 400; initially 14.5 lb) were used in a 35-d growth trial to evaluate the influence of particle size of Enogen Feed high amylase (Enogen, Syngenta Seeds, LLC, Downers Grove, IL) and conventional yellow dent corn on nursery pig performance. Pigs were randomly assigned to pens (5 pigs per pen) and pens were allotted by weight to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 12 pens per treatment. Treat­ments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of corn source (high amylase or conventional yellow ...


Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Finishing Pig Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Stomach Ulceration, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, V. Shivanna, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón Jan 2020

Influence Of Particle Size Of Enogen Feed High Amylase And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn On Finishing Pig Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Stomach Ulceration, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, V. Shivanna, C. B. Paulk, H. I. Calderón

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 323 pigs (DNA 241 × 600; initially 109.8 lb) were used in an 83-d growth trial to evaluate the influence of particle size of Enogen Feed corn (Enogen, Syngenta Seeds, LLC, Downers Grove, IL) and conventional yellow dent corn on finishing pig performance. Pigs were randomly assigned to pens (9 pigs per pen) and pens were allotted by weight to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 6 pens per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of corn source (Enogen Feed corn or conventional yellow dent ...


Influence Of Enogen Feed Corn And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn In Pelleted- Or Meal-Based Diets On Finishing Pig Performance And Carcass Characteristics, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. K. Wecker, H. I. Calderón Jan 2020

Influence Of Enogen Feed Corn And Conventional Yellow Dent Corn In Pelleted- Or Meal-Based Diets On Finishing Pig Performance And Carcass Characteristics, H. R. Williams, M. D. Tokach, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, C. B. Paulk, H. K. Wecker, H. I. Calderón

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 288 pigs (DNA 241 × 600; initially 117 lb) were used in a 72-d trial to evaluate the influence of Enogen Feed corn (Enogen, Syngenta Seeds, LLC; Downers Grove, IL) and conventional yellow dent corn in pelleted or meal diets on finishing pig performance and carcass characteristics. Pigs were randomly assigned to pens (8 pigs per pen) and pens were allotted by weight to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with 9 pens per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial with main effects of corn source (Enogen Feed corn or ...


Timing Of Side-Dress Applications Of Nitrogen For Corn In Conventional And No-Till Systems, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Timing Of Side-Dress Applications Of Nitrogen For Corn In Conventional And No-Till Systems, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn yield and yield components were affected by tillage and nitrogen (N) side-dress application options in 2019. Average corn yields were 15% greater with conventional tillage than with no-till. Yields were improved by either splitting N rate between pre-plant and side-dress at the V10 growth stage or adding additional side-dress N as compared with applying 150 lb/a pre-plant.


Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On No-Till Corn Grown On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On No-Till Corn Grown On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Average corn yield in 2019 was increased by 14 bu/a with knife application of pre-plant nitrogen (N) fertilizer compared with broadcast application. Applying N more than doubled yield of corn grown without N. In general, applying side-dress N increased yields compared to yields obtained with only pre-plant applications.


Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary - 2019, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin, E. Adee Jan 2020

Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary - 2019, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin, E. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This is a summary of the crop production conditions in southeast Kansas in 2019, and the results of the variety testing for corn, soybean, sorghum, sunflower, and wheat.


Tiller Contributions To Low-Density Corn Biomass And Yield, R. Veenstra, C. Messina, L. Haag, P. V. Vara Prasad, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Tiller Contributions To Low-Density Corn Biomass And Yield, R. Veenstra, C. Messina, L. Haag, P. V. Vara Prasad, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Tillers (commonly termed “suckers”) have lower overall yield contributions in corn (Zea mays L.) than in other Poaceae species. Current research evaluating the value of tillers in corn is scarce, particularly under water-limited conditions. This study aims to quantify relationships between tiller, main plant, and full (considering both tiller and main plant fractions) plant aboveground biomass and yields of corn under low plant density scenarios. Experiments were conducted in the 2019 growing season at three sites across Kansas (Garden City, Goodland, and Manhattan) evaluating two tiller-prone corn hybrids common in this region (P0805AM and P0657AM) at two plant densities (10 ...


Dynamics Of Post-Flowering Nitrogen Uptake And Nitrogen Recovery Efficiency Using 15n Isotope Labeling In Corn, J. A. Fernandez, J. B. Nippert, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Dynamics Of Post-Flowering Nitrogen Uptake And Nitrogen Recovery Efficiency Using 15n Isotope Labeling In Corn, J. A. Fernandez, J. B. Nippert, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In corn (Zea mays L.), breeding and selection for grain yield over time has been accom­panied by a simultaneous increase in plant nitrogen (N) uptake. The understanding of plant N dynamics has attracted attention due to the environmental concerns related to N losses coming from fertilization. This research study was implemented to 1) describe N uptake and allocation dynamics, and 2) quantify fertilizer recovery efficiency across late-N strategies. Two field experiments (one under irrigation and one rainfed) were conducted at the Ashland Bottoms Research Farm, KS, during 2017. Three hybrids with different year of release and three N scenarios ...


Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Corn Yield Response To Nitrogen In North-Central Kansas, A. A. Correndo, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of corn (Zea mays L.) grain yield to nitrogen (N) fertilizer. During the 2019 cropping season, an N rate experiment in corn was established in Scandia, KS, evaluating five N fertilizer rates as UAN (28-0-0) under both dryland and irrigated conditions. Average yields ranged from 138 to 236 bu/a under rainfed and from 153 to 249 bu/a for irrigated conditions. Under both dryland and irrigated conditions, maximum yields were achieved with an N rate of about 161 lb/a. Total N supply was calculated as N at planting ...


Tillage Study For Corn And Soybeans: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, E. A. Adee Jan 2020

Tillage Study For Corn And Soybeans: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, E. A. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Trends from a tillage study conducted since 2011 have shown no clear differences between tillage systems for either corn or soybeans in lighter soils under irrigation. One year out of seven years has shown a yield advantage for either corn or soybeans for any tillage system, which appears to be related to environmental conditions experienced during the season. Averaged across all years of the study, the treatments with deep tillage either every or every-other year had about 3% higher corn yields, and soybeans had up to a 3% yield increase with some form of tillage.


Water Use And Productivity Of Corn And Grain Sorghum In Long-Term Crop Sequences, R. M. Aiken Jan 2020

Water Use And Productivity Of Corn And Grain Sorghum In Long-Term Crop Sequences, R. M. Aiken

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dryland corn and grain sorghum showed similar water productivity of grain and above-ground biomass, relative to respective growing periods, at the apparent yield frontier. The yield frontier indicates the maximum productivity for a given amount of water use. This similarity in productive response to water supply provides a foundation for improved precipitation use. Yield gaps relative to the yield frontier appear substan­tial. Water supply during the grain filling period was the primary driver of feed grain crop productivity, and was affected more by available soil water at pollen shed than by precipitation during grain-fill or available water at maturity ...


Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On Corn Grown No-Till On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz Jan 2019

Pre-Plant Nitrogen Rate And Application Method And Side-Dress Nitrogen Rate Effects On Corn Grown No-Till On A Claypan Soil, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn yield in 2018 was increased by about 5 bu/a with knife application of pre-plant nitrogen (N) fertilizer compared with broadcast application. Fertilizing with increasing rates of N applied pre-plant, at side-dress, or both had little effect on yield or yield components of corn in 2018.


Use Of Satellite Imagery To Predict Corn Phenology At A Regional Scale, L. Nieto, R. Schwalbert, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2019

Use Of Satellite Imagery To Predict Corn Phenology At A Regional Scale, L. Nieto, R. Schwalbert, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Existing methods to report phenology are expensive, labor-intensive, time-consuming, and often not very accurate, especially at some specific crop growth stages. The objec­tive of this study was to develop large-scale phenology models via utilization of satellite imagery data and machine learning techniques for the southwest (SW) agricultural crop reporting district of Kansas. Different satellite images collected from Landsat were utilized as the main input to obtain different vegetation indices (normalized difference vegetation index, NDVI; enhanced vegetation index, EVI; green chlorophyll vegeta­tion index, GCVI; normalized difference water index, NDWI; and global vegetation moisture index, CVMI). Vapor Pressure Deficit (VPD ...


Tillage Study For Corn And Soybeans: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, E. A. Adee Jan 2019

Tillage Study For Corn And Soybeans: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, E. A. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Trends from a tillage study conducted since 2011 have shown no clear differences between tillage systems for either corn or soybeans in lighter soils under irrigation. One out of seven years has shown a yield advantage for either corn or soybeans for any tillage system, which appears to be related to environmental conditions experienced during the season.


Kansas Field Research 2019 Jan 2019

Kansas Field Research 2019

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research from Kansas State University experiment fields on crop varieties, tillage, irrigation, weed management, and fertilizers.


Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel, D. Bond Jan 2019

Alternative Cropping Systems With Limited Irrigation, A. Schlegel, D. Bond

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A limited irrigation study involving four cropping systems and evaluating four crop rotations was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, in 2012. The cropping systems were two annual systems (continuous corn [C-C] and continuous grain sorghum [GS-GS]) and two 2-year systems (corn- grain sorghum [C-GS] and corn-winter wheat [C-W]). In 2018, corn yields were similar for all rotations, although averaged across the past 6 years, corn yields were greater following wheat than following corn. There were no significant differences in grain sorghum yields in 2018, which was similar to the multi-year average. Wheat yields were near the ...


Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems, A. Schlegel, L. Haag, A. Burnett Jan 2019

Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems, A. Schlegel, L. Haag, A. Burnett

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study was conducted from 2008–2018 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify whether more intensive cropping systems can enhance and stabilize production in rainfed cropping systems to optimize economic crop production, more efficiently capture and utilize scarce precipitation, and maintain or enhance soil resources and environmental quality. The crop rotations evaluated were continuous grain sorghum (SS), wheat-fallow (WF), wheat-corn-fallow (WCF), wheat-sorghum-fallow (WSF), wheat-corn-sorghum-fallow (WCSF), and wheat-sorghum-corn-fallow (WSCF). All rotations were grown using no-tillage practices except for WF, which was grown using reduced-tillage. The efficiency of precipitation ...


Effect Of Fumonisin-Contaminated Corn On Growth Performance Of 20- To 60-Lb Nursery Pigs, Z. X. Rao, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. Calderon Cartagena Jan 2019

Effect Of Fumonisin-Contaminated Corn On Growth Performance Of 20- To 60-Lb Nursery Pigs, Z. X. Rao, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. Calderon Cartagena

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding fumonisin (FUM) contaminated corn on growth performance of 20- to 60-lb nursery pigs. A total of 350 pigs (241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 19.6 lb) were used. Dietary treatments consisted of FUM-contaminated corn blended with relatively FUM-free corn to provide toxin (FB1 + FB2) of 7.2, 14.7, 21.9, 32.7, and 35.1 ppm. Experimental diets were fed in mash form for 28 d. There were 5 pigs per pen and 14 replicates per treatment. After weaning, pigs were fed common diets for 21 days before ...


Efficacy Of Commercial Products On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs Fed Diets With Fumonisin-Contaminated Corn, Z. X. Rao, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. Calderon Cartagena Jan 2019

Efficacy Of Commercial Products On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs Fed Diets With Fumonisin-Contaminated Corn, Z. X. Rao, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. Calderon Cartagena

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to determine the efficacy of various commercial products on growth performance of 20- to 50-lb nursery pigs fed diets high in fumonisin (FUM) concentration. In Exp. 1, a total of 350 pigs (241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 21.8 lb) were used. There were 5 pigs per pen and 14 replicates per treatment. After weaning, pigs were fed common diets for 21 d before the experiment started. Five dietary treatments were utilized and consisted of a positive control (low FUM), a negative control (approximately 50 to 60 ppm of FUM), and 3 other treatments as ...


Pelleting And Starch Characteristics Of Diets Containing High Amylase Corn, C. N. Truelock, M. D. Tokach, C. R. Stark, C. R. Paulk Jan 2019

Pelleting And Starch Characteristics Of Diets Containing High Amylase Corn, C. N. Truelock, M. D. Tokach, C. R. Stark, C. R. Paulk

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of die thickness and conditioning temperature on pelleting and starch characteristics in diets containing either conventional yellow dent or high amylase corn (Enogen®, Syngenta Seeds, LLC). Treatments were arranged as a 2 × 2 × 3 factorial of corn type (conventional and high amylase), die thickness (L:D 5.6 and 8.0), and conditioning temperature (165, 175, and 185°F). For the high amylase corn treatments, ground high amylase corn replaced conventional ground corn on a lb:lb basis. Diets were pelleted via steam conditioning (10 in × 55 in Wenger twin staff pre-conditioner ...


Effects Of Grinding Corn With Different Moisture Concentrations On Subsequent Particle Size And Flowability Characteristics, M. B. Braun, K. M. Dunmire, C. E. Evans, C. R. Stark, C. B. Paulk Jan 2019

Effects Of Grinding Corn With Different Moisture Concentrations On Subsequent Particle Size And Flowability Characteristics, M. B. Braun, K. M. Dunmire, C. E. Evans, C. R. Stark, C. B. Paulk

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of whole corn moisture and hammermill screen size on subsequent ground corn moisture, particle size, and flow- ability. Whole yellow dent #2 corn was used for this experiment. Treatments were arranged as a 2 × 2 factorial design with two moisture concentrations (as-received and high) each ground using 2 hammermill screen sizes (1/8 and 1/4 in). Corn was ground using a laboratory scale 1.5 HP Bliss Hammermill (Model 6K630B) at 3 separate time points to create 3 replications per treatment. Increasing initial whole corn moisture was accomplished by ...


Effects Of Supplementation With Corn Or Dried Distillers Grains On Gains Of Heifer Calves Grazing Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, L. W. Lomas, J. L. Moyer Jan 2019

Effects Of Supplementation With Corn Or Dried Distillers Grains On Gains Of Heifer Calves Grazing Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, L. W. Lomas, J. L. Moyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 150 heifer calves grazing smooth bromegrass pastures were used to compare supplementation with 0.5% of body weight per head daily of corn or dried distillers grains (DDG) in 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018. Daily gains of heifers supplement­ed with corn or DDG were similar (P > 0.05) in all years except 2018, when heifers supplemented with DDG had greater (P < 0.05) gains than those supplemented with corn.


Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz Jan 2019

Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In 2018, adding nitrogen (N) greatly improved average wheat yields with about a 10% increase with knife compared to broadcast application methods. Even though tillage did not affect wheat yields, soybean yield was about 10% greater with no-till.


Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary – 2018, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin Jan 2019

Southeast Kansas Crop Production Summary – 2018, G. F. Sassenrath, L. Mengarelli, J. Lingenfelser, X. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This is a summary of the crop production conditions in southeast Kansas in 2018, and the results of the variety testing for corn, soybean, sorghum, sunflower, and wheat.


Changes In Soil Nitrate And Ammonium During The Corn Growing Season As Affected By Nitrification Inhibitors, F. D. Hansel, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2019

Changes In Soil Nitrate And Ammonium During The Corn Growing Season As Affected By Nitrification Inhibitors, F. D. Hansel, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nitrification inhibitors (NI) are used to delay the nitrification process, increasing nitrogen fertilization efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of NI on soil nitrate (NO3-N) and ammonium (NH4-N) content throughout the growing season for corn. The study was conducted at four locations (Manhattan, Scandia, Rossville, and Ashland, KS) during the 2017 and 2018 crop seasons. Most of the NI effects on soil NH4-N and NO3-N were observed early in the season and when the higher nitrogen (N) fertilizer rate was used. An increase in NO3-N ...