Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 106

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare sequential and split rates for weed control in corn. Control of green foxtail, Russian thistle, and quinoa was excellent regardless of herbicide treatment, and most herbicides provided good kochia and Palmer amaranth control. Minor corn injury occurred with some herbicides applied early postemergence or postemergence, but did not persist. All herbicide treatments increased grain yield 56 to 78% compared to the weedy control, but yields did not differ between herbicide treatments.


Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of the study was to compare Vida (pyraflufen ethyl) with various tank mix partners for weed control in fallow. All herbicides controlled flixweed and tansymustard 96% or more by 16 days after treatment. Treatments containing Spartan provided faster and better kochia control compared to other herbicides, and these treatments were the only ones to control kochia 95% or more late in the season.


Residual Weed Control With Preemergence Herbicides In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Residual Weed Control With Preemergence Herbicides In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare preemergence (PRE) application for weed control in grain herbicides. All herbicides controlled quinoa and crabgrass similarly, as well as Russian thistle late in the season. Halex GT at either rate with atrazine as well as Bicep Lite II Magnum controlled Palmer amaranth less than 90% late in the season. Similarly, these herbicides along with Degree Xtra provided less than 90% kochia control late. Grain yields did not differ between herbicide-treated and non-treated sorghum.


Single And Sequential Herbicide Treatments For Efficacy In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Single And Sequential Herbicide Treatments For Efficacy In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare application of single and sequential treatments for weed control in corn. Quinoa and Russian thistle control was 95% or more regardless of herbicide treatment. Anthem Maxx, Resicore, and Corvus followed by Harness Max provided good control of Palmer amaranth. Acuron applied preemergence and Anthem Maxx plus Callisto and atrazine early postemergence were less effective on kochia than other herbicides, whereas Anthem Maxx plus Callisto and atrazine applied preemergence and Halex GT applied early postemergence were less effective on green foxtail. Grain yields from all herbicide-treated corn were substantially greater than for the ...


Efficacy Of Kfd-365-02 Rates And Mixtures In Imidazolinone-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Efficacy Of Kfd-365-02 Rates And Mixtures In Imidazolinone-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study compared various tank mixes of generic S-metolachlor/mesotrione and imazamox for weed control in imidazolinone-tolerant grain sorghum. All herbicides provided more than 90% control of Russian thistle, velvetleaf, and green foxtail, and kochia control late in the season was 85% or more. Puncturevine control late in the season was 80 to 90% with all herbicides except Coyote followed by KFD-365-02 and by KFD-365-02 at 6 oz/a plus atrazine followed by 2,4-D. Only Coyote followed by KFD-365-02 plus atrazine or 2,4-D controlled Palmer amaranth more than 78% late.


Comparison Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Preemergence In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Comparison Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Preemergence In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Terbuthylazine is an atrazine analog that is used in Europe as a replacement for atra­zine. This study compares terbuthylazine with common herbicide tank mixes for weed control in this region. All herbicides controlled quinoa and crabgrass 95% or more, whereas Bicep II Magnum controlled kochia, Palmer amaranth, and Russian thistle the best late in the season. No herbicide visibly injured grain sorghum in this experiment. Grain yields increased 18 to 32 bu/a when herbicides were applied compared to the nontreated controls except with atrazine at 24 oz/a.


Weed Management And Soybean Yields As Influenced By Row Width And Post-Emergent Herbicide Application Timing, S. R. Duncan, E. A. Adee Jan 2020

Weed Management And Soybean Yields As Influenced By Row Width And Post-Emergent Herbicide Application Timing, S. R. Duncan, E. A. Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Irrigated soybeans were grown in 2018 and 2019 at the Kansas River Valley Experi­ment Field near Rossville, KS. Soybeans were planted in 30-inch or 15-inch rows and a standard pre-emergent herbicide was applied. Planting dates were May 11 and June 4 in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The post-emergent herbicide was applied at approxi­mately 21 or 35 days following soybean planting (DAP). Weed control and crop injury were visually evaluated approximately every seven days following herbicide application. Yields, moisture, and test weights were calculated from the center two rows in 30-inch plots and four rows in 15-inch plots after ...


Efficacy Of Late-Season Herbicide Programs For Controlling Palmer Amaranth In Postharvest Wheat Stubble, R. Liu, V. Kumar, N. Aquilina, T. Lambert Jan 2020

Efficacy Of Late-Season Herbicide Programs For Controlling Palmer Amaranth In Postharvest Wheat Stubble, R. Liu, V. Kumar, N. Aquilina, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Late-season control of Palmer amaranth in wheat stubble is a challenge for Kansas producers. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of POST herbicide programs (with multiple modes of actions) for late-season control of Palmer amaranth in postharvest wheat stubble. The study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center in Hays, KS, in 2019. The study site had a natural seedbank of Palmer amaranth that emerged immediately after wheat harvest. All selected herbicide programs were tested 3 weeks after wheat harvest, when Palmer amaranth plants had attained a height of 2 to 2.5 ...


Response Of Dicamba/Fluroxypyr/Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia To Atrazine And Alternative Postemergence Herbicides, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Currie, P. W. Geier, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman Jan 2020

Response Of Dicamba/Fluroxypyr/Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia To Atrazine And Alternative Postemergence Herbicides, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Currie, P. W. Geier, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two kochia accessions (KS-4A and KS-4H) were previously identified from a corn field near Garden City, KS, with multiple resistance to glyphosate (Roundup PowerMax), dicamba (Clarity), and fluroxypyr (Starane Ultra). The objectives of this research were to (1) determine the response of these kochia accessions to preemer­gence (PRE) and postemergence (POST) applied atrazine (Aatrex) in dose-response assays, and (2) determine the effectiveness of alternative POST herbicides. Seeds of a known susceptible kochia accession (SUS) collected from research fields in Hays, KS, were used for comparison. Greenhouse experiments were conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays ...


Control Of Multiple Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Enlist Corn, R. Liu, V. Kumar, T. Lambert Jan 2020

Control Of Multiple Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Enlist Corn, R. Liu, V. Kumar, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Recent evolution of multiple herbicide resistant (MHR) Palmer amaranth [resistant to 2,4-D, glyphosate (Roundup), chlorsulfuron (Glean), atrazine (Aatrex), and mesotrione (Callisto)] is a serious threat to newly developed stacked trait technologies, including Enlist crops (tolerant to 2,4-D, glyphosate, and glufosinate). Field experiments were conducted in 2019 at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays, KS, to determine the effectiveness of various preemergence (PRE) followed by (fb) postemergence (POST) herbicides (multiple modes of action) for controlling this MHR Palmer amaranth in Enlist corn. The study was established in no-till dryland wheat stubble where MHR Palmer amaranth seeds ...


Response Of Kansas Feral Rye Populations To Aggressor Herbicide And Management In Coaxium Wheat Production System, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert Jan 2020

Response Of Kansas Feral Rye Populations To Aggressor Herbicide And Management In Coaxium Wheat Production System, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feral rye (Secale cereale L.), also commonly known as cereal or volunteer rye, is a trou­blesome winter annual grass weed species in wheat producing regions of the United States, including Kansas. Lack of effective herbicide options complicates the selective control of feral rye in winter wheat. The main objectives of this research were (1) to determine the response of 10 feral rye populations collected from central Kansas wheat fields to Aggressor herbicide in dose-response assays, and (2) to evaluate the effective­ness of Aggressor herbicide for feral rye control in CoAXium winter wheat in Kansas. Dose-response assays indicated that ...


Influence Of Herbicide Combinations And Sequential Applications On Windmillgrass (Chloris Verticillata) Control, Nicholas Mitchell, Jared Hoyle Jan 2019

Influence Of Herbicide Combinations And Sequential Applications On Windmillgrass (Chloris Verticillata) Control, Nicholas Mitchell, Jared Hoyle

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Windmillgrass (Chloris verticillata Nutt.) populations commonly infest turfgrass systems in the midwest, which result in aesthetically unacceptable turfgrass stands. Pylex (topramezone) and Acclaim Extra (fenoxaprop) have resulted in fair control of windmillgrass with single applications. For adequate control of windmillgrass, a sequential application of Tenacity (mesotrione), three weeks after the initial application, is recommended. Additionally, studies have shown the addition of triclopyr to HPPD inhibitor herbicides increases windmillgrass control in a controlled environ­ment. Field experiments were initiated in 2018, at the Kansas State University Rocky Ford Turfgrass Research Center in Manhattan, KS, to determine the influence of herbicide combinations ...


Characterization And Management Of Glyphosate- And Hppd-Inhibitor-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Kansas Corn Production, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert Jan 2019

Characterization And Management Of Glyphosate- And Hppd-Inhibitor-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Kansas Corn Production, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Multiple herbicide-resistant (MHR) Palmer amaranth is an increasing management concern for Kansas grain producers. The main purpose of this research was to 1) char­acterize the resistance levels to glyphosate (Roundup PowerMax) and mesotrione (Callisto) in an MHR Palmer amaranth population collected from Stafford County, KS, compared to a known herbicide-susceptible (SUS) population; and 2) to evaluate the effectiveness of preemergence (PRE), PRE followed by (fb) early post emergence (EPOST), and PRE fb late POST (LPOST) herbicide programs for controlling this MHR population in Roundup Ready and LibertyLink corn. To achieve these objec­tives, a whole plant dose-response study was ...


Efficacy Of Sequential Herbicide Applications In Glufosinate- And Glyphosate-Resistant Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Efficacy Of Sequential Herbicide Applications In Glufosinate- And Glyphosate-Resistant Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

To determine their efficacy in corn, this study compared two preemergence programs and sequential glufosinate (Interline) or glyphosate (Roundup PowerMax). Control of common sunflower and Russian thistle was excellent regardless of herbicide treatment. Preemergence herbicides alone provided no more than 78% johnsongrass control early in the season. By late season, only those plots receiving Roundup PowerMax had more than 85% johnsongrass control. However, corn yields did not differ among treatments, and all herbicides increased yield 70–97% relative to nontreated corn.


Herbicide And Application Timing Effects On Windmillgrass (Chloris Verticillata) Control, Nicholas Mitchell, Jared Hoyle Jan 2019

Herbicide And Application Timing Effects On Windmillgrass (Chloris Verticillata) Control, Nicholas Mitchell, Jared Hoyle

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Windmillgrass (Chloris verticillata Nutt.) populations commonly infest turfgrass systems in the midwest, which result in aesthetically unacceptable turfgrass stands. Research trials were initiated in 2017 and 2018, in Onaga and Junction City, KS, to determine windmillgrass control with various single herbicide applications at dif­ferent application timings. Pylex (topramezone) resulted in more than 80% wind­millgrass control 8 weeks after spring and summer application.


Effects Of Spring-Planted Cover Crops On Weed Suppression And Winter Wheat Grain Yield In Western Kansas, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, J. A. Dille, V. Kumar Jan 2019

Effects Of Spring-Planted Cover Crops On Weed Suppression And Winter Wheat Grain Yield In Western Kansas, A. K. Obour, J. D. Holman, J. A. Dille, V. Kumar

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Herbicide resistant (HR) weeds pose a major challenge to continuous no-tillage (NT) dryland crop management systems. Integrating cover crop (CCs) in dryland crop rota­tions could suppress weeds and provide a weed management option for HR weeds in NT systems. Field experiments were conducted to investigate weed suppression poten­tial of spring-planted CCs and their impacts on subsequent winter wheat grain yields. The CCs were oat/triticale, oat/triticale/pea, spring pea, and chem-fallow (standard) over 3 years and 2 locations in western Kansas. A weedy-fallow check was added to compare weed suppression of CCs in 2 out of the ...


Herbicide Strategies For Managing Glyphosate- And Dicamba-Resistant Kochia In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman Jan 2019

Herbicide Strategies For Managing Glyphosate- And Dicamba-Resistant Kochia In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kochia populations with multiple resistance to glyphosate and dicamba are an increasing concern for growers in the High Plains region, including Kansas. A field study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center near Hays, KS, to evaluate and develop herbicide options for controlling glyphosate- and dicamba-resistant kochia in Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybean. The study site was uniformly infested with a glyphosate- and dicamba-resistant kochia population prior to soybean planting. Fifteen herbicide treatments (programs), including PRE alone and PRE followed by (fb) POST-applied herbicides, were investigated in a randomized complete block design with four replications. All PRE ...


Effective Herbicide Options For Controlling Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, D. E. Peterson, C. L. Minihan, P. W. Stahlman Jan 2019

Effective Herbicide Options For Controlling Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Roundup Ready 2 Xtend Soybean, V. Kumar, R. Liu, T. Lambert, D. E. Peterson, C. L. Minihan, P. W. Stahlman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth has become a serious challenge for soybean producers in the mid-south and central United States, including Kansas. Field experi­ments were conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center (KSU-ARC) near Hays, KS, and Kansas State University Ashland Bottoms (KSU-AB) research farm near Manhattan, KS, to determine the effectiveness of preemergence (PRE) and PRE followed by (fb) postemergence (POST) herbicide programs on GR Palmer amaranth control in Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybean. The study site at Hays was infested with GR Palmer amaranth population prior to soybean planting; whereas, the Manhattan site had natural infestation ...


Influence Of Cultural Practices And Herbicide Programs For Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Cold-Tolerant Sorghum, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Perumal, T. Lambert, T. Ostmeyer Jan 2019

Influence Of Cultural Practices And Herbicide Programs For Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Cold-Tolerant Sorghum, R. Liu, V. Kumar, R. Perumal, T. Lambert, T. Ostmeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The widespread evolution of glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth (Amaran­thus palmeri S. Wats) has become a serious management concern for grain sorghum producers in western Kansas. To develop an integrated weed management (IWM) system, a field study was conducted at the Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center (KSU-ARC) in Hays, KS, in 2018, to evaluate the effect of sorghum hybrid, row spacing, and herbicide programs on GR Palmer amaranth control, shoot dry weight reduction, and sorghum grain yield. Treatments included two cold-tolerant grain sorghum hybrids: Pioneer 87P06 (commercial check) and ATx645/ ARCH12012R (developed by the KSU-ARC breeding program); row spacing ...


Application Timing Efficacy Of Enlist Duo In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Application Timing Efficacy Of Enlist Duo In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare application timing for weed control in irrigated corn. All herbicides tested provided season-long control (90% or more) of Palmer amaranth, Russian thistle, quinoa, and common sunflower. The inclusion of Enlist Duo to SureStart II as an early postemergence (V2) treatment increased kochia and johnsongrass control compared to a preemergence treatment of SureStart II alone early in the season. However, by later in the year, control of kochia and johnsongrass was best when Enlist Duo application was delayed until the V4 stage. Enlist Duo provided equal control of all weeds when applied at ...


Efficacy Of Zest Application Timings In Irrigated Acetolactase Synthase-Resistant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Efficacy Of Zest Application Timings In Irrigated Acetolactase Synthase-Resistant Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Acetolactase synthase inhibiting (ALS) herbicides were evaluated for efficacy in ALS-resistant grain sorghum. Kochia and quinoa control were similar among all herbicides tested regardless of evaluation date. Cinch ATZ alone preemergence, and Cinch plus Resolve and Harmony GT PRE followed by Zest POST controlled puncturevine 73-78%. Late-season green foxtail control was best when Zest was included as an early postemergence or postemergence application. Cinch ATZ applied alone preemergence, Cinch ATZ preemergence followed by Zest POST, and Cinch plus Resolve and Harmony GT PRE followed by Zest POST controlled Palmer amaranth 81–84%, and resulted in the highest grain yields.


Zest Efficacy And Crop Response In Two Acetolactase Synthase-Tolerant Grain Sorghum Hybrids, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Zest Efficacy And Crop Response In Two Acetolactase Synthase-Tolerant Grain Sorghum Hybrids, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two ALS-tolerant grain sorghum hybrids were evaluated for efficacy and crop tolerance to Zest (nicosulfuron). Weed control and crop response in two herbicide-tolerant sorghum hybrids were similar. All herbicides controlled kochia, common sunflower, velvetleaf, and quinoa well. Palmer amaranth control was inadequate when no preemergence (PRE) herbicide was applied. Puncturevine and green foxtail control was 90% or more with all Zest (nicosulfuron) treatments applied early postemergence (EPOST) or postemergence (POST). Sorghum injury from the Zest treatments was minor and transient. Relative to the untreated controls, grain yields were greater when a PRE or PRE followed by POST program was used ...


Comparisons Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Rates And Tank Mixtures In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Comparisons Of Terbuthylazine And Atrazine Rates And Tank Mixtures In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A comparison of terbuthylazine and atrazine rates alone and in combination with other herbicides in corn was conducted. All herbicides controlled Russian thistle and common sunflower by 90% or more. Preemergence control of green foxtail required a tank mixture of mesotrione (Stalwart C, Stalwart 3W, SA-0070128, and SA-0070129) with terbuthylazine or atrazine to be effective. Both terbuthylazine and atrazine alone provided similar kochia control, but control tended to increase with the addition of mesotrione. Palmer amaranth control was similar among terbuthylazine rates early in the season, but increased as atrazine rate increased. Crabgrass control increased as terbuthylazine rate increased early ...


Liberty Compared To Glyphosate Products In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Liberty Compared To Glyphosate Products In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Postemergence treatments of Liberty (glufosinate) were compared to Durango DMA and Roundup PowerMax (glyphosate) after various preemergence treatments for efficacy in corn. Control of common sunflower, green foxtail, Russian thistle, and quinoa exceeded 92% regardless of herbicide treatment or evaluation date. Similarly, all preemergence (PRE) treatments controlled Palmer amaranth, kochia, and crabgrass by 93% or more. Later in the season, control of kochia was slightly less when Verdict (saflufenacil/dimethenamid) and atrazine PRE was followed by Roundup PowerMax and atrazine postemergence (POST). Palmer amaranth and crabgrass control was less when Verdict and atrazine PRE was followed by Roundup PowerMax or ...


Anthem Maxx Tank Mixture Comparisons In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Anthem Maxx Tank Mixture Comparisons In Irrigated Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The use of multiple herbicide modes of action in single versus sequential applications was examined for efficacy in corn. Common sunflower control was complete with all early postemergence and postemergence herbicides late in the season. Control of Russian thistle, Palmer amaranth, and green foxtail were 95% or more with all early postemergence and postemergence herbicides except Halex GT. All herbicide treatments increased grain yield 15–33% compared to the nontreated controls except Halex GT applied early postemergence.


Vida Alone And In Tank Mixtures For Kochia Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Vida Alone And In Tank Mixtures For Kochia Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

To learn more about kochia control in fallow, a comparison of Vida alone and in tank mixtures was conducted. Glyphosate alone provided no more than 40% kochia control, and was similar to Vida or 2,4-D alone late in the season. The tank mixture of Vida plus Gramoxone and Spartan controlled kochia the best regardless of rating date, and was the only treatment to provide more than 95% control at 28 days.


Comparisons Of Acuron, Surestart Ii, And Valor For Residual Weed Control In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Comparisons Of Acuron, Surestart Ii, And Valor For Residual Weed Control In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Herbicides were compared to standard treatments for preplant efficacy and crop response in grain sorghum. All herbicides controlled buffalobur and velvetleaf similarly late in the season. SureStart II and Acuron provided the best Palmer amaranth, puncturevine, and green foxtail control. Valor at 1 or 2 oz/a provided less than 70% puncturevine and green foxtail control late in the season. Only minimal visual injury was observed, and all herbicides increased sorghum yield 47–122% relative to the untreated controls.


Comparison Of Preemergence Herbicides For Residual Weed Control In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Comparison Of Preemergence Herbicides For Residual Weed Control In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Herbicides were studied to determine preemergence efficacy in grain sorghum. Velvetleaf and quinoa control did not differ between herbicides late in the season, and no treatment controlled puncturevine more than 81%. The three-way mixture of Callisto, atrazine, and Dual Magnum controlled Palmer amaranth and green foxtail as well as or better than any herbicide tested, whereas most herbicides controlled kochia 88% or more. Compared to the nontreated controls, all herbicides increased sorghum yield 46–146% except Callisto alone at 6 oz/a.


Split Applications Of Coyote And Lumax For Efficacy In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2019

Split Applications Of Coyote And Lumax For Efficacy In Grain Sorghum, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In an effort to determine the efficacy of herbicide application timing in sorghum, full herbicide rates were applied 14 days preplant, and compared with split applications of half rates applied at two timings. Generally, weed control was best when half of the labeled rates were applied 14 days preplant followed by the other half preemergence, compared to full rates applied 14 days preplant. However, control of velvetleaf and common sunflower was excellent (95% or more) regardless of when the treatments were applied. Grain sorghum yields were similar among all herbicide treatments, and each treatment increased yield from 2 to 2 ...


Using Cover Crops As An Effective Weed Control Method In Southeast Kansas, L. I. Chism, J. A. Dille, G. F. Sassenrath Jan 2019

Using Cover Crops As An Effective Weed Control Method In Southeast Kansas, L. I. Chism, J. A. Dille, G. F. Sassenrath

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Weed control is important to optimize crop production. This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of different methods of fall-implemented weed control strategies. These strategies included different cover crop mixes, chemical control, and mechanical control. The cover crop mixes included four different commonly-planted winter cover crops. The chemical control was a fall-applied burndown, and the me­chanical control was vertical tillage. We found cover crop mixes that contained cereal rye provided the most weed control, with the chemical control being a close second. Spring oats die during the winter because of the low temperatures. The three cover crop mixes ...