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Kansas Fertilizer Research 2020, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Kansas Fertilizer Research 2020, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A summary of research conducted in 2018-2020 on fertilizer use and management practices for crops in Kansas. Published in 2020 from the Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service https://www.ag.k-state.edu/.


Soil Phosphorus Fractions After Long-Term Fertilizer Placement In Different Kansas Soils, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Soil Phosphorus Fractions After Long-Term Fertilizer Placement In Different Kansas Soils, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Phosphorus (P) fertilizer placement can affect the long-term dynamics and forms of P, and the overall soil P pools. These changes can vary by soil type, and affect P uptake and use efficiency by crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the labile P fractions in three Kansas soil types under P fertilizer placements (broadcast versus deep band) after ten years of crop rotation. Three field studies were conducted at Scandia, Ottawa, and Manhattan. Three treatments were evaluated: 1) a control with no P fertilizer application and two fertilizer treatments (80 lb P2O ...


Cation Exchange Resins As Indicator Of In-Season Potassium Supply For Soybean In Kansas, D. A. Charbonnier, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz Jan 2020

Cation Exchange Resins As Indicator Of In-Season Potassium Supply For Soybean In Kansas, D. A. Charbonnier, M. J. Coelho, D. A. Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The use of ion-exchange resins to measure soil nutrient availability has potential applications for fertilizer recommendations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between potassium (K) adsorption by cation exchange resins (CER) and K uptake by soybean in field conditions. The study was conducted at two locations in Kansas during 2019. Two treatments were selected to evaluate the CER. Treatments included a check (0 lb K2O/a) and a high K rate with 150 lb K2O/a applied pre-plant and incorporated. The Plant Root Simulator (PRS, Western Ag Innovations, Saskatchewan, Canada) was used ...


Influence Of Soybean Planting Date On Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Yield, E. A. Adee, C. R. Little, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2019

Influence Of Soybean Planting Date On Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Yield, E. A. Adee, C. R. Little, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is a disease caused by the soilborne fungus Fusarium virguliforme. This fungus prefers wet conditions and thus is usually most severe in irri­gated fields. Sudden death syndrome tends to be most severe on well-managed soybeans with a high yield potential. It also tends to be more prevalent on fields that are infested with soybean cyst nematode (SCN) or planted early when soils are wet and cool. Historical yield losses from this disease are generally in the range of 1–25%.

Soybean planting dates have been moving increasingly earlier in much of the soybean growing region ...


Management Strategies For Double-Crop Soybean Planted After Wheat, D. S. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2019

Management Strategies For Double-Crop Soybean Planted After Wheat, D. S. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Double-crop (DC) soybeans (Glycine max L.) are gaining popularity as an alternative system to intensify productivity without expanding the farming area and can potentially increase net return. However, the DC soybean system faces many challenges such as late planting, which decreases yield potential. A study was conducted in four site-years in Ashland Bottoms, KS, during the 2016 and 2017 growing seasons. In both years, the soybean variety planted was Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2). The soybean was planted right after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1, early-wheat harvest 18–20% mois­ture; and Study 2, conventional-harvest 13–14% moisture ...


Historical Soybean Study: Grain Filling × Nitrogen Fixation, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2019

Historical Soybean Study: Grain Filling × Nitrogen Fixation, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Genetic gain is characterized by comparing the performance of genotypes from a different year of release. Historic studies are useful to understand changes in yield-related traits that also contribute to yield potential. This study aims to quantify yield improvement for soybean through a set of seven genotypes with different years of release, and their respective numerical components, with a focus on final seed weight generation under two different nitrogen (N) conditions. Changes in biological N fixa­tion (BNF) were quantified during the seed-filling period (SFP). Non-linear models were fit to the data to characterize seed weight and BNF changes throughout ...


Kansas Field Research 2019 Jan 2019

Kansas Field Research 2019

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research from Kansas State University experiment fields on crop varieties, tillage, irrigation, weed management, and fertilizers.


Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz Jan 2019

Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, D. Ruiz-Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In 2018, adding nitrogen (N) greatly improved average wheat yields with about a 10% increase with knife compared to broadcast application methods. Even though tillage did not affect wheat yields, soybean yield was about 10% greater with no-till.


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, P. Barnes, G. Pierzynski Jan 2019

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, P. Barnes, G. Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The residual from previous high-rate turkey litter applications, which were based on nitrogen (N) requirements of the previous grain sorghum crop, increased 2018 soybean yield more than that obtained from the residual of phosphorus (P)-based turkey litter applications (low rate), commercial fertilizer, or the control. Even though early soybean growth was sporadically affected by residual treatments, the dry matter production at the R6 growth stage tended to be where the N-based litter was applied.


Controlling Soil-Borne Disease In Soybean With A Mustard Cover Crop, G. F. Sassenrath, C. Little, K. Roozeboom, X. Lin, D. Jardine Jan 2019

Controlling Soil-Borne Disease In Soybean With A Mustard Cover Crop, G. F. Sassenrath, C. Little, K. Roozeboom, X. Lin, D. Jardine

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Charcoal rot is a soil-borne disease that is prevalent in southeast Kansas. The disease infects multiple crops, including soybean, and causes yield reductions. A high-gluco­sinolate mustard with biofumigant properties reduced the population levels in soil and in soybean plants of the fungus (Macrophomina phaseolina) that causes charcoal rot. In this study, management practices that incorporate use of mustard as a cover crop in soybean production systems were tested. Results indicate that tillage increases the char­coal rot fungus. The mustard cover crop was tested in field studies for its impact on soil health, fungal disease and propagules, and soybean ...


Effects Of Nitrogen In Soybean Seed Quality Definition During Seed-Filling Period, S. Tamagno, E. A. Adee, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2018

Effects Of Nitrogen In Soybean Seed Quality Definition During Seed-Filling Period, S. Tamagno, E. A. Adee, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

During the seed filling period (SFP), parallel to the seed changes, translocation of assimilates and nutrients takes place from different plant organs to the seed in order to provide sufficient supply for the seed storage components (i.e., starch, oil, and protein) that ultimately will determine the seed quality. There are two processes that define the final seed weight in any crop: 1) the amount of dry mass deposited per unit of time (rate) and 2) the duration of this process from beginning of seed formation to physiological maturity. As seed number is defined, any source limitation during the SFP ...


Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz Jan 2018

Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Many crop rotation systems are used in southeastern Kansas. This experiment was designed to determine the long-term effect of selected tillage and N fertilizer placement options on yields of short-season corn, wheat, and double-crop soybean in a rotation.


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski Jan 2018

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Increased fertilizer prices in recent years, especially noticeable when the cost of phosphorus spiked in 2008, have led U.S. producers to consider other alternatives, including manure sources. The use of poultry litter as an alternative to fertilizer is of particular interest in southeastern Kansas because large amounts of poultry litter are imported from nearby confined animal feeding operations in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri. Annual application of turkey litter can affect the current crop, but information is lacking concerning any residual effects from several continuous years of poultry litter applications on a following crop. This is especially true for tilled ...


Effect Of Management Practices On Double-Crop Soybean Yields, D. S. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2018

Effect Of Management Practices On Double-Crop Soybean Yields, D. S. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Double-crop soybean has great potential to increase profits and the use of agricultural land. However, there is a gap between double-crop versus full-season soybean yields. To address this yield difference, a study evaluating different management practices on double-crop soybean was conducted. A four-site-year experiment was conducted at Ottawa, KS, during the 2016 and 2017 growing season. In both years, the soybean variety planted was Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2). The soybean was planted right after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1, early-wheat harvest 18–20%; and Study 2, conventional-harvest 13–14%). Seven treatments were evaluated in each of the ...


Soybean Evaluation Of Inoculation: A Three-Year Summary, M. A. Secchi, T. M. Albuquerque, O. A. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, J. Kimball, E. A. Adee, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2018

Soybean Evaluation Of Inoculation: A Three-Year Summary, M. A. Secchi, T. M. Albuquerque, O. A. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, J. Kimball, E. A. Adee, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The relationships between soybean (Glycine max) seed yield and response to nitrogen (N) fertilization have received considerable coverage in scientific literature. This project aims to quantify the response to inoculation for soybean in a field without previous history of this crop (20 years). To address this objective, field studies were conducted during the 2015, 2016, and 2017 growing seasons at the East Central Experiment Field, Ottawa, KS. The treatments consisted of five different N-management approaches: non-inoculated (NI), inoculation at the recommended commercial rate (I1), a double rate of inoculation (I2), a triple rate of inoculation (I3), and non-inoculated but fertilized ...


Impact On Soybean Yield From Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Planting Date, E. A. Adee, C. Little, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2018

Impact On Soybean Yield From Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Planting Date, E. A. Adee, C. Little, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS) is a disease caused by the soilborne fungus Fusarium virguliforme. This fungus prefers wet conditions and thus is usually most severe in irrigated fields. SDS tends to be most severe on well-managed soybeans with a high yield potential. It also tends to be more prevalent on fields that are infested with soybean cyst nematode (SCN) or planted early when soils are wet and cool. Historical yield losses from this disease are generally in the range of 1–25%.

Soybean planting dates have been moving increasingly earlier in much of the soybean growing region, including Kansas. Yield ...


Tillage Study For Corn And Soybean: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, Eric Adee Jan 2017

Tillage Study For Corn And Soybean: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, Eric Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A tillage study comparing no-tillage, shallow tillage, and deep tillage in alternate or every year for corn and soybeans in annual rotation was conducted at Kansas River Valley Experiment Field for five years. The influence of tillage system on corn yield appears to be increasing with time, soybean yields appear to perform equally well with any of the systems. As the study progresses, the corn yields were increased with deep tillage occurring sometime in the cropping rotation.


Closing Soybean Yield Gaps Via Improved Management: A Systems Approach, G. R. Balboa, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Closing Soybean Yield Gaps Via Improved Management: A Systems Approach, G. R. Balboa, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three soybean research trials were conducted during the 2016 growing season. Two studies were conducted at Scandia, KS, (dryland and irrigated) and one at Topeka, KS (dryland). The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of different farming systems for closing soybean yield gaps. Each experiment consisted of five treatments: common practices (CP), comprehensive fertilization (CF), production intensity (PI), ecological intensification (CF + PI), and advanced plus (AD). The EI and AD treatments presented the maximum yields at both locations. Under irrigation conditions, yield gap was larger at Scandia relative to Topeka site. Across all three soybean experiments, CP ...


Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/ Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney Jan 2017

Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/ Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In 2016, adding nitrogen (N) greatly improved average wheat yields, but the response to tillage and different N placement methods was minimal. Double-crop soybean yields were unaffected by tillage or the residual from N treatments that were applied to the previous wheat crop.


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski Jan 2017

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Soybean yields measured from 2014 through 2016 were more than 50% greater from the residual from N-based turkey litter applications during 2011 through 2013 than in the control where no nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) was applied. However, residual from P-based turkey litter applications or fertilizer-only did not result in soybean yield different from the no N-P control. This residual effect on yield was largely due to increased pods per plant.


Cover Crop System To Control Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Gretchen Sassenrath, C. R. Little, C. J. Hsiao, D. E. Shoup, X. Lin Jan 2017

Cover Crop System To Control Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Gretchen Sassenrath, C. R. Little, C. J. Hsiao, D. E. Shoup, X. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This research compares methods of controlling charcoal rot in soybean cultivars from three maturity groups commonly grown in southeast Kansas. The results indicate that a mustard plant that produces high levels of glucosinolates can be used as a cover crop to reduce the charcoal rot disease in soybeans.


Cover Crop Effects On Soybean In A Soybean/Corn Rotation, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath Jan 2017

Cover Crop Effects On Soybean In A Soybean/Corn Rotation, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A research study was established in 2011 in a soybean and corn rotation with cover crops planted soon after each crop harvest in the fall. A variety of complex cover crop mixtures were evaluated ranging from single specie to 7 specie mixtures. Cover crops were terminated in the spring soon after anthesis of the cool season cereal in the cover crop. Soybean yield responded differently among the four years of the study. In an extreme drought year of 2012, the unplanted check yielded 29.4 bu/a. Soybean yield was significantly reduced by 4.2 and 3.4 bu/a ...


Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two double crop (DC) soybean studies were conducted at Ottawa, KS, during the 2016 growing season. Soybean cultivar Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2) was planted immediately after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1: early-wheat harvest 18-20% seed moisture content, and Study 2: conventional-harvest, 13-14% seed moisture content). Seven treatments were evaluated in each of the soybean planting dates: 1) common practice, 2) no seed treatment (without seed fungicide + insecticide treatment), 3) non-stay green (without foliar fungicide + insecticide application), 4) high seeding rate (180,000 seeds per acre), 5) wide rows (30-inch row spacing), 6) nitrogen (N) fixation (without late ...


Planting Date By Maturity Group In Kansas: 2016 Season And Three-Year Summary, I. A. Ciampitti, O. Ortez, D. E. Shoup, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath, G. Cramer Jan 2017

Planting Date By Maturity Group In Kansas: 2016 Season And Three-Year Summary, I. A. Ciampitti, O. Ortez, D. E. Shoup, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath, G. Cramer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Optimal planting should be timed to capture a favorable environment (e.g., fall rains and cooler temperatures during grain filling). Five field studies were conducted during the 2014 growing season (Manhattan, Topeka, Ottawa, Parsons, and Hutchinson); five in 2015 (Manhattan, Rossville, Ottawa, Parsons, and Hutchinson); and three in 2016 (Manhattan, Topeka, and Ottawa). This study explores the impact of planting date (early-, mid-, and late-planted) on yield for soybean cultivars from a range of maturity groups (early, medium, and late groups). For 2016, the overall main factor impacting yield across sites was planting date, which increased yields with early-planted soybeans ...


Seed Yield And Biological Nitrogen Fixation For Historical Soybean Genotypes, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Seed Yield And Biological Nitrogen Fixation For Historical Soybean Genotypes, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Seed yield formation and biological nitrogen (N) fixation (BNF) were evaluated during the seed filling period (SFP) for historical soybean genotypes under contrasting N strategies. Overall, seed yield increased with the year of release, primarily associated with increments in the seed number component. The study showed that seed weight factor was maintained across decades regardless of the improvement in seed number. Nitrogen factor, evaluated as zero-N application via inorganic fertilizers versus high-N added, influenced seed yield via impacting seed weight factor. The latter plant trait improved with the high-N treatment, which was related to changes in the duration of the ...


Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, T. M. Albuquerque, O. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, T. M. Albuquerque, O. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Most of the nitrogen (N) required by a soybean plant is supplied via biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). When BNF is adequately established in the soil, soybean can obtain up to 50 to 75% of its N from the air. This project aims to quantify the response to inoculation for soybean in its second year in a field without previous history of this crop. Due to this objective, a field study was conducted during the 2015 and 2016 growing seasons at Ottawa, KS (East Central experiment field location). The treatments consisted of five different N-management approaches: non-inoculated (NI), inoculated ×1 (I ...


Soybean: Genetic Gain × Fertilizer Nitrogen Interaction, O. Ortez, F. Salvagiotti, Eric Adee, J. Enrico, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Soybean: Genetic Gain × Fertilizer Nitrogen Interaction, O. Ortez, F. Salvagiotti, Eric Adee, J. Enrico, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The United States (US) and Argentina (ARG) account for more than 50% of the global soybean production. Soybean yields are determined by the genotype, environment, and management practices (G × E × M) interaction. Overall, 50-60% of soybean nitrogen (N) demand is usually met by the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) process. An unanswered scientific question concerns the ability of BNF process to satisfy soybean N demand at varying yield levels. The overall objective of this project was to study the contribution of N via utilization of different N strategies, evaluating soybean genotypes released in different eras. Four field experiments were conducted during ...


Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, I. A. Ciampitti, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, G. I. Carmona Jan 2016

Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, I. A. Ciampitti, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, G. I. Carmona

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A soybean crop can obtain up to 50 to 75% of its nitrogen (N) requirements from the air when the biological fixation is effectively established (Pedersen, 2007). The overall objective of this project was to quantify the response to inoculation for soybean in a field without previous history of this crop. Following this rationale, a field study was conducted during the 2015 growing season at Ottawa (east central Kansas). The treatments consisted in five different N management approaches: non-inoculated, inoculated × 1, inoculated × 2, inoculated × 3 and non-inoculated but fertilized with 300 lb N per acre as the main N source ...


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski Jan 2016

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The residual from previous high rate turkey litter applications, which were based on N requirements of the previous grain sorghum crop, increased soybean yield above that obtained from the residual of P-based turkey litter applications (low rate), commercial fertilizer, or the control. Even though early soybean growth was not significantly affected by residual treatments, the greatest dry matter production at the R6 growth stage was where the N-based litter had been applied and incorporated.


2015 Crop Performance In Southeast Kansas, Gretchen Sassenrath, Jane Lingenfelser, L. Mengarelli, X. Lin Jan 2016

2015 Crop Performance In Southeast Kansas, Gretchen Sassenrath, Jane Lingenfelser, L. Mengarelli, X. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Crop variety testing determines the production potential of newly released crop cultivars in Southeast Kansas. The genetic potential is moderated by environmental conditions during the growing season as well as soil productive capacity.