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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

1991

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Articles 1 - 30 of 104

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Performance Of Mid-Lactating Dairy Cows Fed A Grain Sorghum-Soybean Silage Base Diet, H. Hartadi, L. Harbers, John E. Shirley, K. Bolsen Jan 1991

Performance Of Mid-Lactating Dairy Cows Fed A Grain Sorghum-Soybean Silage Base Diet, H. Hartadi, L. Harbers, John E. Shirley, K. Bolsen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Whole-plant silage from intercropped grain sorghum and Williams 82 soybean was compared to corn silage in a mixed diet for mid-lactation dairy cows. Cows fed the grain sorghum-soybean silage yielded 45.13 lb and those fed corn silage yielded 44.05 lb of fat (4%)-corrected milk daily. Milk yield, milk fat, and milk lactose percentages were similar between cows fed the two silages. Protein and solids non-fat percentages for the cows fed the corn silage diet were .09 and .06 units greater than those of cows fed the grain sorghum silage. Cows fed the corn silage tended to gain ...


The Effect Of Processed Soybeans And Added Energy In Calf Starters On The Growth Of Holstein Calves, P. V. Reddy, J. L. Morrill Jan 1991

The Effect Of Processed Soybeans And Added Energy In Calf Starters On The Growth Of Holstein Calves, P. V. Reddy, J. L. Morrill

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In Trial 1, 91 Holstein calves were fed starters containing either soybean meal (SBM), extruded soybeans (ESB), roasted soybeans (RSB), SBM+soy oil (SO), or SBM+rumen inert fat (RIF) from birth to 10 wk of age. There were no differences in overall feed consumption, except that calves fed RSB consumed more than calves fed SBM+SO. There were no significant differences in weight gains, but calves fed SBM+SO tended to gain less. In trial 2, 71 Holstein calves were fed starters containing roasted soybeans from birth to 10 wk of age. Three of the starters contained 18% protein ...


Effects Of Aspergillus Oryzae Extract (Amaferm) On Ruminal Fibrolytic Bacteria And In Vitro Fiber Degradation, A. A. Beharka, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja Jan 1991

Effects Of Aspergillus Oryzae Extract (Amaferm) On Ruminal Fibrolytic Bacteria And In Vitro Fiber Degradation, A. A. Beharka, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effect of Amaferm on growth of pure cultures of ruminal cellulose-digesting, hemicellulose- digesting and pectin-digesting bacteria was determined. The addition of Amaferm to the growth medium increased the growth of Ruminococcus albus and Fibrobacter succinogenes. Amaferm had no effect on the growth of the other bacteria. Additionally, selective antimicrobial compounds were used to assess the influence of Amaferm on microbial contributions to in vitro fiber degradation. Amaferm appeared to stimulate fiber digestibility of only certain feedstuffs, and this increase in digestibility was attributed to its stimulation of bacterial activity. Amaferm did not appear to stimulate fungal activity.; Dairy Day ...


Heifer Feeding And Management Affect Efficiency, James R. Dunham Jan 1991

Heifer Feeding And Management Affect Efficiency, James R. Dunham

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Heifer feeding and management programs have a great impact on the efficiency of the future dairy herd. Dairies that feed and manage heifers for calving at about 24 mo of age are optimizing milk production, feed cost for raising heifers, number of replacement heifers available, and return on investment. Replacement heifers represent a considerable investment in labor and feed, with no return on that investment until they freshen. A summary of Kansas DHIA Holstein herds shows that some herds are receiving a good return on investment as early as 22 mo of age, whereas other herds are not reaping any ...


Performance Of Holstein Heifers Reared On 100 Or 115% Of Nrc Requirements From 3 To 12 Months Of Age And Then Switched To The Opposite Treatment, E. J. Bortone, M. G. Daccarett, J. L. Morrill, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 1991

Performance Of Holstein Heifers Reared On 100 Or 115% Of Nrc Requirements From 3 To 12 Months Of Age And Then Switched To The Opposite Treatment, E. J. Bortone, M. G. Daccarett, J. L. Morrill, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Holstein heifers from the Kansas State University Dairy Teaching and Research Unit were used from 3 mo of age until 21 d before estimated date of calving. They were fed either 100 (control, C) or 115% (enhanced, E) of the 1989 National Research Council (NRC) requirements for major nutrients from 3 to 12 mo of age, then, until 21 d before freshening, the treatments were switched from 100 to 115% NRC (CE) or from 115 to 100% NRC (EC). At puberty, heifers had similar body weights (613, E vs 617, C) but heifers fed E were 1 month younger (11 ...


Leukocyte Function And Health Status Of Calves Supplemented With Vitamins A And E, S. D. Eicher-Pruiett, J. L. Morrill, Frank Blecha, C. G. Chitko-Mckown Jan 1991

Leukocyte Function And Health Status Of Calves Supplemented With Vitamins A And E, S. D. Eicher-Pruiett, J. L. Morrill, Frank Blecha, C. G. Chitko-Mckown

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Forty-four Holstein calves were fed milk replacers with varied concentrations of vitamins A and E from 3 to 45 d of age to determine their effects on concentrations of plasma vitamin A (retinol and retinyl palmitate) and vitamin E (a- tocopherol), lymphocyte and neutrophil functions, and health of calves. Plasma a-tocopherol was unaffected by increased vitamin A supplementation. Fecal scores, and eye and nose membrane responses were improved with increased vitamin A and lower vitamin E concentration, whereas the same treatment tended to reduce neutrophil cytotoxic and bactericidal activity by 6 wk of age. Increased supplemental vitamin E tended to ...


Pregnancy Rates Of Holstein Cows After Postinsemination Treatment With Progesterone, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, M. O. Mee Jan 1991

Pregnancy Rates Of Holstein Cows After Postinsemination Treatment With Progesterone, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, M. O. Mee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this experiment was to determine if pregnancy rates following first services would be improved by supplementing lactating dairy cows with progesterone during two phases after insemination. Cows were inseminated at estrus (day 0), and progesterone was administered via a progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (PRID) from days 5 to 13 or days 13 to 21 after first service with untreated cows serving as controls. Pregnancy rates at first services were unaffected by the progesterone treatments whether the cows received a PRID from days 5 to 13 (13/36 or 36%), a PRID from days 13 to 21 (18/36 ...


Food Safety Consortium, M. Vanier Jan 1991

Food Safety Consortium, M. Vanier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In recent years, food safety has become an issue of concern for the beef industry, beef processors, and the consuming public. Even though America has the safest and most wholesome food supply in the world, consumers are worried about the safety of the meat they eat. In response to reports of illness from contamination by both microbes and chemicals in the meat supply, the United States Congress, in 1988, authorized and funded a Special Grants Program in the United States Department of Agriculture called the Food Safety Consortium. The members of the Consortium are Kansas State University, the University of ...


Seasonal Performance Of Finishing Steers, J. Mintert, Michael R. Langemeier, Ted C. Schroeder Jan 1991

Seasonal Performance Of Finishing Steers, J. Mintert, Michael R. Langemeier, Ted C. Schroeder

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Analysis of 10 years of closeouts from a western Kansas feedlot demonstrated that steer performance exhibits significant seasonal variation. Steers weighing 700 to 800 lb when placed on feed in September through December had feed conversions roughly 12% higher than those placed in March and April. Although feed conversion varied seasonally, dry matter feed intake varied much less, causing daily gain to mirror feed conversion. Gain was seasonally highest for steers placed in March and April and lowest for those placed in September through December. Cattle feeders should consider these variations in seasonal performance, as they develop profit projections for ...


Follicular Development And Reproductive Hormone Changes During Postpartum Anestrus In Suckled Beef Cows, R.C. Perry, L.R. Corah, W.E. Beal, G.H. Kiracofe, J. Ernest Minton, R.C. Cochran, J.R. Brethour, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 1991

Follicular Development And Reproductive Hormone Changes During Postpartum Anestrus In Suckled Beef Cows, R.C. Perry, L.R. Corah, W.E. Beal, G.H. Kiracofe, J. Ernest Minton, R.C. Cochran, J.R. Brethour, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twenty-six, Hereford x Angus, suckled cows were utilized to determine patterns of follicular development and associated changes in reproductive hormones during postpartum anestrus and first estrous cycles. Ultrasonography per rectum was used to monitor follicular size and detect ovulation. Dietary energy and(or) body condition influenced patterns of follicular development during postpartum anestrus. Follicular growth occurred in waves during this period in cows that were in adequate body condition and adequately fed, and follicular development appeared to be related to serum concentrations of luteinizing hormone and estradiol. Two distinct characteristics were associated with follicular development before the first postpartum ovulation ...


Pregnancy Rates In Beef Cattle After Administration Of Gnrh Agonist 11 To 14 Days After Insemination, I. Rettmer, L.R. Corah, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 1991

Pregnancy Rates In Beef Cattle After Administration Of Gnrh Agonist 11 To 14 Days After Insemination, I. Rettmer, L.R. Corah, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Pregnancy rates were assessed in suckled beef cows (n=145) and virgin beef heifers (n=606) of mixed breeding following an injection of either 100 or 200 μg of a GnRH agonist given once on d 11-14 after estrus and insemination. In heifers, the 100 μg dose improved (P<.08) pregnancy rates, based on rectal palpation of the uterus, and at both doses, based on actual calving dates. There was no effect of either dose on pregnancy rates of suckled cows, based on palpation results, but actual calving showed a 21% increase (P<.08) in pregnancy rates in cows treated with 100 μg of the GnRH agonist.


Seasonal Variation In Quality Of Grazed Forage During A Drought Year, R.C. Cochran, E.S. Vanzant Jan 1991

Seasonal Variation In Quality Of Grazed Forage During A Drought Year, R.C. Cochran, E.S. Vanzant

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Concentration of fiber in the forage selected by beef steers grazing bluestem range during a drought year (1989) was highest in the winter but declined substantially in the spring and remained fairly constant throughout summer. Conversely, crude protein concentration was lowest during the winter, peaked during the spring, declined through early summer, but increased in the late summer before declining during the fall. Precipitation was well below normal in all months except August, September, and October, which were above normal. Improvement in forage quality during those months was probably due to stimulation of late-season forage growth in response to elevated ...


Dehydrated Alfalfa Pellets And Soybean Meal/Grain Sorghum In Step-Up Winter Supplementation Programs For Spring-Calving Beef Cows, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, G.H. Kiracofe Jan 1991

Dehydrated Alfalfa Pellets And Soybean Meal/Grain Sorghum In Step-Up Winter Supplementation Programs For Spring-Calving Beef Cows, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, G.H. Kiracofe

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The performance response to a stepwise increase in the level of supplement fed to cows across the winter supplementation period was studied by feeding 112 Hereford x Angus cows the following treatments: dehydrated alfalfa pellets (DEHY) or soybean meal/grain sorghum (SS), each either level-fed (constant daily amount from December 1 to calving) or fed in a step-up program (low level from December 1 to 30; moderate level from December 31 to January 29; high level from January 30 to calving; avg = amount fed with level-feeding). Cow weight and condition changes and calf performance were favored by the step-up supplementation ...


Periparturient Changes In Intake, Rumen Capacity, And Selected Blood Metabolites In Beef Cows, T.A. Stanley, R.C. Cochran, D.L. Harmon, E.S. Vanzant Jan 1991

Periparturient Changes In Intake, Rumen Capacity, And Selected Blood Metabolites In Beef Cows, T.A. Stanley, R.C. Cochran, D.L. Harmon, E.S. Vanzant

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Four, ruminally cannulated, Hereford x Angus cows were used to study factors associated with feed intake patterns around parturition. Feed intake during the final trimester of gestation was relatively stable, in spite of a noticeable decrease in ruminal capacity. Postpartum feed intake appeared to increase, as did ruminal capacity. Blood progesterone fell after parturition, whereas estradiol did not change except for a large rise around parturition. Some plasma metabolites measured differed before and after calving; however, magnitude and patterns of change do not suggest a direct relationship with intake.


Effects Of Maturity At Harvest And Cultivar On Agronomic Performance Of Forage Sorghum And The Nutritive Value Of Selected Sorghum Silages, R.N. Sonon, R. Suazo, L. Pfaff, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolson Jan 1991

Effects Of Maturity At Harvest And Cultivar On Agronomic Performance Of Forage Sorghum And The Nutritive Value Of Selected Sorghum Silages, R.N. Sonon, R. Suazo, L. Pfaff, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

These studies examined the agronomic performance of 20 forage sorghum cultivars, each harvested at three stages of maturity in 1990. Whole-plant dry matter (DM) yields were highest at the late-dough stage of kernel maturity, whereas DM content and grain yields steadily increased as maturity advanced. A voluntary intake and digestion trial was conducted with 12 grain and forage sorghum silages harvested at the late-dough stage in 1989. The highest silage DM intakes and digestibilities were obtained with the high-grain yielding hybrids.


Effects Of Crop Species On Indigenous Microflora And Of Silage Additives On The Microbial Succession During The Ensiling Process, C. Lin, R.A. Hart, K.K. Bolsen, J.T. Dickerson, B.E. Brent Jan 1991

Effects Of Crop Species On Indigenous Microflora And Of Silage Additives On The Microbial Succession During The Ensiling Process, C. Lin, R.A. Hart, K.K. Bolsen, J.T. Dickerson, B.E. Brent

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study considered the effects of crop species (alfalfa vs. corn) and silage additives on six categories of indigenous microorganisms (those naturally occurring on the crop) important to silage fermentation, and on the microbial succession during the ensiling process. The numbers of streptococci, Enterobacteriaceae, yeasts and molds, lactate-using yeasts, and carbohydrate- fermenting clostridial spores were higher on corn than on alfalfa. The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) comprised less than 2% of the total microbial populations on both crops. Alfalfa treated with Biomate® inoculant and the combination of dextrose and Biomate showed higher LAB counts than the control and dextrose treatments ...


Comparison Of Synovex-S® And Steer-Oid® In Finishing Yearling Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., S.J. Anderson, J.K. Elliott Jan 1991

Comparison Of Synovex-S® And Steer-Oid® In Finishing Yearling Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., S.J. Anderson, J.K. Elliott

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Synovex-S (SS) and STEER-oid (SO) were compared in a 122-d finishing study. No differences were observed over the entire study for animal performance or carcass traits. However, in the final period (d 91-122), steers implanted with SO gained 8.4% faster (P=.17) and 8.7% more efficiently (P=.10) than steers implanted with SS, suggesting that estradiol payout in this period was less diminished for SO implants. The importance of this finding is unknown, because it is generally recommended that steers fed for longer periods of time be reimplanted midway through the finishing period to maintain maximal implant response.


Evaluation Of Revalor® Implants For Stocker-Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., R.J. Grant, Ronald V. Pope Jan 1991

Evaluation Of Revalor® Implants For Stocker-Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., R.J. Grant, Ronald V. Pope

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Revalor® implants (containing trenbolone acetate plus estradiol) were evaluated in a grazing-finishing system using steers with a known previous implant history. Grazing gains were not improved by either Ralgro® or Revalor implants, suggesting that previously implanted steers may not respond to implants during a later growing phase. During the finishing phase, steers implanted with Revalor gained 5.4 to 8.0% faster (P<.05) than steers implanted with Synovex-S®. Gain efficiency in the finishing period was improved 4.8% (P<.10) for steers receiving no pasture implant and a Revalor implant during the finishing phase (0R), compared with steers receiving Ralgro/Synovex (RS) or Revalor/Revalor (RR) implants in the pasture/feedlot phases. Steers implanted with RR had larger (P<.05) ribeye areas than RS steers, with 0R steers intermediate. However, RR steers had a 20 percentage unit reduction (P<.05) in carcasses reaching the choice grade compared to RS steers. Revalor can improve steer feedlot performance, but multiple implantation may reduce quality grade.


Effects Of Speed Of Ration Step-Up And Monensin On Ruminal Ph, Lactate, And Protozoal Population In Feedlot Cattle, G. Towne, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja Jan 1991

Effects Of Speed Of Ration Step-Up And Monensin On Ruminal Ph, Lactate, And Protozoal Population In Feedlot Cattle, G. Towne, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Fluctuations in ruminal pH, lactate concentration, and ciliated protozoal population were monitored in 40 individually fed crossbred heifers that were stepped up to an 85% concentrate diet either slowly (12 d) or rapidly (3 d), with or without monensin (30 ppm). Speed of step-up affected ruminal pH, lactate concentration and protozoal population initially (up to 28 d), but thereafter no differences occurred between the groups, suggesting adaptation to ruminal conditions. Monensin had no effect on ruminal pH, lactate concentration, or protozoal population.


Effects Of Supplemental Ground Grain Sorghum During Grazing Of Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue On Grazing And Subsequent Feedlot Performance Of Steers, A.S. Freeman, K.P. Coffey Jan 1991

Effects Of Supplemental Ground Grain Sorghum During Grazing Of Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue On Grazing And Subsequent Feedlot Performance Of Steers, A.S. Freeman, K.P. Coffey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Sixty-three crossbred steers (740 lb BW) were used to evaluate the effects of energy supplementation during grazing of endoplyte-infected tall fescue and on their subsequent feedlot performance. Grazing ADG was .53 lb/d for control (no supplementation) vs. .81 and 1.21 lb/d with .25% and .5% of BW as ground sorghum (GS), respectively. Grazing supplementation did not affect (P>.10) feedlot performance. Steers receiving .25% GS were 2.3% and 6.2% more efficient (P<.07) during the feedlot phase than 0% and .5% GS steers, respectively. The .5% GS steers were 3.8% less efficient (P<.07) during the feedlot phase than the 0% GS steers. Steers receiving grazing supplementation had increased (P<.07) adjusted backfat measurements and less desirable (P<.02) yield grades than non-supplemental controls. Supplementing steers grazing endophyte-infected fescue at .25% of BW with ground grain sorghum improved feedlot feed conversion compared to no supplementation and supplementing at .5% BW.


Influence Of Water Treatment On Digestion Dynamics Of Steers Consuming High- And Low-Forage Diets, D.L. Harmon, A.D. Flood Jan 1991

Influence Of Water Treatment On Digestion Dynamics Of Steers Consuming High- And Low-Forage Diets, D.L. Harmon, A.D. Flood

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The influence of drinking water treatment (Oxion Inc., Hugoton, KS) on digestion and metabolism was evaluated in steers fed low- and high-forage diets. Water treatment did not influence digestibility of any nutrient measured nor did it influence the profile of ruminal metabolites. Water treatment did increase water consumption two- to threefold and also increased ruminal fractional water outflow (%/h) for steers fed the high forage, but not the high concentrate, diet. Increased water consumption could be a beneficial response, but it is not known if water consumption increases with management programs different than those used in the present study.


Predicting Nutritional Composition Of Corn Grain Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy, G. Garcia-Lagombra, L.H. Harbers Jan 1991

Predicting Nutritional Composition Of Corn Grain Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy, G. Garcia-Lagombra, L.H. Harbers

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn grain samples collected over several years were used to develop equations for dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, and ether extract (crude fat). Two computer models were used to select samples having a range of spectra (presumably a range of nutrient values) for developing calibration equations. Both methods selected an unexpectedly small number of samples; however, only the prediction of crude fiber appears questionable. Although coefficients of determination values are expected to be low with a small number of samples, standard errors of validation and prediction are consistently lower than those of standard (AOAC) methods, suggesting that the technology ...


Runoff Control From Dirt Lots, Joseph P. Harner, James P. Murphy Jan 1991

Runoff Control From Dirt Lots, Joseph P. Harner, James P. Murphy

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A recent water quality survey assessment found nonpoint source pollution problems in a majority of Kansas surface waters - 85% of the monitoring sites were impaired by nutrients, 60% of the sites by bacteria, 55% by suspended solids and/or minerals, and 40% by oxygen-demanding substances. Swine producers have the responsibility to maintain the quality of ground or surface water near their production units. Outdoor dirt lots for confinement of swine are often overlooked as an area needing facilities for water pollution control.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 21, 1991


Evaluation Of A Portable Mixer And Feed Delivery System, C R. Stark, Robert D. Goodband, Keith C. Behnke Jan 1991

Evaluation Of A Portable Mixer And Feed Delivery System, C R. Stark, Robert D. Goodband, Keith C. Behnke

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An on-farm mixer uniformity study was conducted to determine if feed could be properly mixed and maintained as it went through a bulk bin and conveying equipment over a distance of 180 ft. in a grower-finisher facility. A portable vertical mixer was tested and found to produced a uniformly mixed feed. Uniform feed was then conveyed from a bulk storage bin to feeders inside the facility. Samples were obtained from three different feeders and were tested for uniformity. Results indicate that feed remains uniform as it is conveyed and deposited in feeders over distances of 20, 80, and 180 ft ...


On-Farm Feed Uniformity Survey, C R. Stark, J A. Hansen, Robert D. Goodband, Keith C. Behnke Jan 1991

On-Farm Feed Uniformity Survey, C R. Stark, J A. Hansen, Robert D. Goodband, Keith C. Behnke

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An on-farm feed manufacturing survey was conducted in conjunction with a mixer uniformity analysis. The survey collected information on producer size and type of operation, mixer type, manufacturing practices, and feed production. The survey represents 43 participants from across the U.S. Results indicate that 42% of the participants had mixer uniformity coefficients of variation of less than 10%, 47% were between 10-20%. and 11 % had CV's greater than 20%.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 21, 1991


Use Of Recombinant Bovine Cytokines In Pigs Vaccinated And Challenged With Streptococcus Suis, Frank Blecha, D N. Reddy, C G. Chitko-Mckown, M M. Chengappa, D S. Mcvey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1991

Use Of Recombinant Bovine Cytokines In Pigs Vaccinated And Challenged With Streptococcus Suis, Frank Blecha, D N. Reddy, C G. Chitko-Mckown, M M. Chengappa, D S. Mcvey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An experiment was conducted to determine the adjuvanticity of recombinant bovine interleukin-1β (rBoIL-1β) and recombinant bovine interleukin-2 (rBoIL-2) administered in conjunction with a single S. suis vaccination in pigs. Sixty, 4-wk-old pigs were allotted to 8 groups: 1) nonvaccinated controls; 2) vaccinated controls; 3) rBoIL-Iβ, 100 ng/kg; 4)rBoIL-lβ, 1000 ng/kg; 5) rBoIL-1β, 10,000 ng/kg; 6) rBoIL-2, 2.5 µg/kg; 7) rBoIL-2, 25 µg/kg; and 8) rBoIL-2, 250 µg/kg. All pigs (except group 1) were vaccinated on d 0 with a commercial S. suis vaccine (serotypes 1 and 2). At vaccination, pigs were ...


The Influence Of Dietary Threonine On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Pst-Treated Finishing Pigs, J L. Laurin, J A. Hansen, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1991

The Influence Of Dietary Threonine On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Pst-Treated Finishing Pigs, J L. Laurin, J A. Hansen, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eighty crossbred barrows (initial wt = 131 lb) were utilized to determine the dietary threonine requirement of finishing pigs injected with porcine somatotropin (PST). Barrows were injected daily in the extensor muscle of the neck with either 4 mg pST or a placebo and fed diets containing either .45, .55, .65, or .75% threonine. All other amino acids, vitamins, and minerals were calculated to be at least double current requirements for finishing pigs so as not to limit performance. Pigs were housed in an open-sided building with two pigs per pen and five replications of the eight treatments. Feed and water ...


Extrusion Of Sorghum, Soybean Meal, And Whole Soybeans Improves Growth Performance And Nutrient Digestibility In Finishing Pigs, Terry L. Gugle, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1991

Extrusion Of Sorghum, Soybean Meal, And Whole Soybeans Improves Growth Performance And Nutrient Digestibility In Finishing Pigs, Terry L. Gugle, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred forty-four finishing pigs (124 lb avg initial wt) were used to determine the effects of extruding sorghum, soybean meal (SBM), and whole soybeans on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. Treatments were: 1) control diet with ground sorghum, SBM, and soybean oil; 2) diet 1 with the ground sorghum, SBM, and soybean oil blended and extruded; 3) sorghum and whole soybeans extruded separately and blended; and 4) sorghum and extruded soybeans blended and extruded together. Extrusion was in an Insta-Pro extruder. All diets were formulated to be equal in concentrations of metabolizable energy (ME) and lysine. Pigs fed diets ...


Comparison Of Conventional And Low-Inhibitor Soybeans With Different Heat Treatments And Lysine Concentrations In Diets For Finishing Pigs, M A. Giesemann, B J. Healy, A J. Lewis, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1991

Comparison Of Conventional And Low-Inhibitor Soybeans With Different Heat Treatments And Lysine Concentrations In Diets For Finishing Pigs, M A. Giesemann, B J. Healy, A J. Lewis, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of gene expression for the Kunitz trypsin inhibitor, heat treatment, and concentration of lysine in the diet on nutritional value of soybeans for finishing pigs. In Experiment 1, 108 pigs (113 lb avg initial wt) were fed diets with two soybean cultivars (Williams 82 and Amsoy 71), with (+K) and without (-K) gene expression for the Kunitz trypsin inhibitor, subjected to three heat treatments (112-, 3/4-, and full-roasting). Nutritional value of the Williams 82 and Amsoy 71 cultivars was not different, but -K soybeans were superior to +K soybeans at all ...


Selection For Increased In Vitro Digestibility Improves Feeding Value Of Sorghum Grain, B J. Healy, P J. Bramel-Cox, B T. Richert, C F. Klopfenstein, Merle D. Witt, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1991

Selection For Increased In Vitro Digestibility Improves Feeding Value Of Sorghum Grain, B J. Healy, P J. Bramel-Cox, B T. Richert, C F. Klopfenstein, Merle D. Witt, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Six cannulated barrows and two hundred eighty-eight chicks were used in an experiment to determine the value of an in vitro protein digestibility assay (pepsin digest) for identification of sorghum parent lines with improved nutritional value. The barrows were used to determine digestibility of the experimental sorghums at the terminal ileum and for the total digestive tract. Due to a limited supply of the sorghums, broiler chicks were used as a model to predict the value of the experimental sorghums for growth performance. Four sorghum parent lines were selected from 100 SI families grown at several locations in Kansas. Two ...