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Effects Of Timing And Amount Of Feed Prior To Farrowing On Sow And Litter Performance Under Commercial Conditions, K. M. Gourley, A. J. Swanson, R. Q. Royall, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. J. Milnes, C. W. Hastad Jan 2020

Effects Of Timing And Amount Of Feed Prior To Farrowing On Sow And Litter Performance Under Commercial Conditions, K. M. Gourley, A. J. Swanson, R. Q. Royall, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón, K. J. Milnes, C. W. Hastad

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 727 mixed parity (mean = 3.8) sows were used to evaluate the effects of timing and size of meals before farrowing on sow and litter performance. Upon entry to the farrowing house (d 113), sows were blocked by weight within parity and allotted to 1 of 3 feeding management strategies until farrowing: 1) 6.0 lb lacta­tion diet (1.15% standardized ileal digestible lysine and 1,150 kcal/lb NE) once daily at 0700 h; 2) 4 daily meals of 1.5 lb (0100 h, 0700 h, 1300 h, 1900 h); 3) ad libitum lactation diet ...


The Use Of Bioelectrical Impedance To Assess Shelf-Life Of Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steaks, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao Jan 2020

The Use Of Bioelectrical Impedance To Assess Shelf-Life Of Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steaks, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using surface and internal bioelectrical impedance to assess beef longissimus lumborum shelf-life during 15 days of simulated retail display.

Study Description: Beef strip loins, obtained from three commercial processors (postmortem age = 27, 34, or 37 days), were fabricated into 12 1-inch thick steaks. Steaks were subdivided into six consecutively cut pairs, packaged on Styrofoam trays, overwrapped with polyvinyl chloride film, and displayed under fluorescent lighting at 32–40°F in coffin-style retail cases for 15 days. Microbiological analysis, pH, bioelectrical impedance analysis, objective color assessment, proximate composition, and ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Pharmacological Levels Of Zinc Oxide, Diet Acidification And Dietary Crude Protein On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, W. M. Hutchens, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón Jan 2020

Evaluating The Effects Of Pharmacological Levels Of Zinc Oxide, Diet Acidification And Dietary Crude Protein On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, W. M. Hutchens, M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, J. M. Derouchey, R. D. Goodband, H. I. Calderón

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 360 weaned pigs (DNA 200 × 400; initially 12.9 lb BW) were used in a 42-d growth study to evaluate the effects of pharmacological levels of zinc oxide (ZnO), diet acidification, and dietary crude protein (CP) on pig performance. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21-d of age and were randomly assigned to pens (5 pigs per pen) and allotted to 1 of 8 dietary treatments with 9 pens per treatment. Experimental diets were fed from d 0 to 21 with a common diet fed from d 21 to 42. The eight treatment diets were arranged as a ...


Investigating The Use Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles And High-Resolution Multispectral Imagery To Characterize Grain Sorghum Senescence Patterns, I. H. Barnhart, L. Mayor, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2020

Investigating The Use Of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles And High-Resolution Multispectral Imagery To Characterize Grain Sorghum Senescence Patterns, I. H. Barnhart, L. Mayor, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Grain sorghum is important to producers around the world. In precipitation-limited environments, sorghum is the grain of choice because it is able to produce grain yields with limited precipitation. Plant breeders place a priority on breeding for a characterized form of post-flowering drought-tolerance, known as stay-green (SG). Assessing thousands of plots for this trait can be labor intensive and time consuming, so the goal of this study was to use unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAVs) equipped with high resolution cameras to characterize and quantify senescence patterns in grain sorghum. A field experiment with 20 hybrids was planted in Manhattan, KS. The ...


Evaluation Of Selected Large Patch-Tolerant Zoysia Spp. For Performance In Kansas, Manoj Chhetri, Jack Fry, Megan Kennelly Jan 2020

Evaluation Of Selected Large Patch-Tolerant Zoysia Spp. For Performance In Kansas, Manoj Chhetri, Jack Fry, Megan Kennelly

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Turf quality characteristics and large patch incidence of ten selected experimental zoysiagrass genotypes were evaluated during the 2018–2019 growing season in Manhattan, KS, and establishment rate of the same ten was evaluated in Olathe, KS. Although plots were inoculated with Rhizoctonia solani (AG 2-2 LP) in September 2018 in Manhattan, no large patch occurred. However, the genotypes showed vari­ability in turf performance measured by turf quality, spring greenup, fall color reten­tion, and genetic color. In Olathe, KS, at Shadow Glen Golf Club, the ten genotypes were planted on June 17, 2019. The range in visual ground coverage ...


Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Early Postemergence And Sequential Herbicides For Weed Control In Corn, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In this study, herbicides were tested to compare sequential and split rates for weed control in corn. Control of green foxtail, Russian thistle, and quinoa was excellent regardless of herbicide treatment, and most herbicides provided good kochia and Palmer amaranth control. Minor corn injury occurred with some herbicides applied early postemergence or postemergence, but did not persist. All herbicide treatments increased grain yield 56 to 78% compared to the weedy control, but yields did not differ between herbicide treatments.


Soil Microbial Seasonal Community Dynamics In Response To Cover Crop And Phosphorus Fertilizer Usage In A No-Till Corn-Soybean System In 2018, C. L. Stewart, L. M. Starr, N. O. Nelson, K. L. Roozeboom, G. J. Kluitenberg, D. R. Presley, P. J. Tomlinson Jan 2020

Soil Microbial Seasonal Community Dynamics In Response To Cover Crop And Phosphorus Fertilizer Usage In A No-Till Corn-Soybean System In 2018, C. L. Stewart, L. M. Starr, N. O. Nelson, K. L. Roozeboom, G. J. Kluitenberg, D. R. Presley, P. J. Tomlinson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study examined microorganism community composition in plots managed with and without cover crops and three contrasting phosphorous (P) fertilizer manage­ment techniques in a no-till corn-soybean system. This work was performed in the spring and fall of 2018 at the Kansas Agricultural Watershed Field Laboratory (KAW), Manhattan, KS. The study design was a 2 × 3 complete block factorial design with three replications, with cover crop presence or absence and three levels of P fertilizer management (control, fall broadcast, and spring injected). To examine microorganism community composition, phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis was used. Only the main effect of cover ...


Wheat Variety-Specific Grain Yield Response To Plant Density Under Intensive Management Conditions In Western Kansas, R. P. Lollato, K. Mark, B. R. Jaenisch Jan 2020

Wheat Variety-Specific Grain Yield Response To Plant Density Under Intensive Management Conditions In Western Kansas, R. P. Lollato, K. Mark, B. R. Jaenisch

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Seeding rate determines the first yield component of field crops, which is the plant population. However, wheat is less responsive to plant populations than other crops due to the high plasticity in tillering potential, and this responsiveness depends on resource availability. The objective of this project was to evaluate winter wheat popu­lation, grain yield, and grain test weight responses to seeding rate and its interaction with variety in a highly managed production system where manageable stresses were limited. Experiments evaluating the response of the wheat varieties ‘Joe,’ ‘WB-Grain­field,’ ‘Langin,’ and ‘LCS Revere’ to seeding rates ranging from 200 ...


Wheat And Grain Sorghum In Four-Year Rotations, A. Schlegel, J. Holman, A. Burnett Jan 2020

Wheat And Grain Sorghum In Four-Year Rotations, A. Schlegel, J. Holman, A. Burnett

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In 1996, an effort began to quantify soil water storage, crop water use, and crop pro­ductivity on dryland systems in western Kansas. Research on 4-year crop rotations with wheat and grain sorghum was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. Rotations were wheat-wheat-sorghum-fallow (WWSF), wheat-sorghum-sorghum-fallow (WSSF), and continuous wheat (WW). Soil water at wheat planting averaged about 9 in. following sorghum, which is about 3 in. more than the average for the second wheat crop in a WWSF rotation. Soil water at sorghum planting was only about 1.5 in. less for the second sorghum crop compared ...


Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier Jan 2020

Vida Tank Mixtures For Postemergence Weed Control In Fallow, R. S. Currie, P. W. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of the study was to compare Vida (pyraflufen ethyl) with various tank mix partners for weed control in fallow. All herbicides controlled flixweed and tansymustard 96% or more by 16 days after treatment. Treatments containing Spartan provided faster and better kochia control compared to other herbicides, and these treatments were the only ones to control kochia 95% or more late in the season.


Saline Experimental Range Dormant Season Wildfire: Short-Term Effect On Forage Production And Plant Composition, Keith R. Harmoney Jan 2020

Saline Experimental Range Dormant Season Wildfire: Short-Term Effect On Forage Production And Plant Composition, Keith R. Harmoney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Rangeland wildfires in the southern plains may occur any time of year, but the low hu­midity, increasing temperatures, and dry and abundant fuel load of late winter and early spring can result in greater wildfire occurrence and severity. Fires that occur before the growing season remove standing residual vegetation and greatly reduce litter cover, so the soil surface may be left bare for several weeks or months before the onset of new pas­ture growth. Exposure of plant buds to cold temperatures during dormancy, soil water evaporation, and soil crusting from the force of falling precipitation and puddling may ...


2019 Kansas State University Industrial Hemp Cbd Variety Trial, Jason Griffin, Michael J. Shelton, Clint Wilson, Tami Myers Jan 2020

2019 Kansas State University Industrial Hemp Cbd Variety Trial, Jason Griffin, Michael J. Shelton, Clint Wilson, Tami Myers

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Hemp is a broad term used to describe the many varieties of Cannabis sativa L. that produce less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The crop is globally significant, but only recently allowed to be grown again in the United States. Varieties have been selected and are currently grown with a wide range of cannabinoid profiles. Cannabinoids are of interest for their putative medical and therapeutic role in humans and pets. Cannabidiol (CBD) and THC are the two cannabinoids of primary interest. THC is of interest because it determines whether the final product is considered hemp (0.3% THC). CBD is ...


2019 Kansas State University Industrial Hemp Dual-Purpose And Fiber Trial, Jason Griffin, Kraig Roozeboom, Lucas Haag, Michael Shelton, Clint Wilson, Tami Myers Jan 2020

2019 Kansas State University Industrial Hemp Dual-Purpose And Fiber Trial, Jason Griffin, Kraig Roozeboom, Lucas Haag, Michael Shelton, Clint Wilson, Tami Myers

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Hemp is a broad term used to describe the many varieties of Cannabis sativa L. that produce less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The crop is globally significant, but only recently allowed to be grown again in the United States. Varieties that have numerous industrial uses have been selected for improved fiber and grain production. However, there is no information available regarding adaptability or production of these varieties in Kansas.

In 2019, Kansans were allowed to apply for research licenses to grow industrial hemp. It was assumed the crop would grow well throughout Kansas since there are wild remnant populations ...


Effects Of Prescribed Fire Timing On Stocker Cattle Performance, Native Plant Composition, Forage Biomass, And Root Carbohydrate Reserves In The Kansas Flint Hills: Year One Of Six, Z. M. Duncan, A. J. Tajchman, M. P. Ramirez, J. Lemmon, W. R. Hollenbeck, D. A. Blasi, K. C. Olson Jan 2020

Effects Of Prescribed Fire Timing On Stocker Cattle Performance, Native Plant Composition, Forage Biomass, And Root Carbohydrate Reserves In The Kansas Flint Hills: Year One Of Six, Z. M. Duncan, A. J. Tajchman, M. P. Ramirez, J. Lemmon, W. R. Hollenbeck, D. A. Blasi, K. C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: Our objective was to document the effects of prescribed fire timing on yearling beef cattle performance, native plant composition, and forage biomass ac­cumulation in the Kansas Flint Hills.

Study Description: Our study took place at the Kansas State Beef Stocker Unit located northwest of Manhattan, KS. Pastures were assigned to one of three prescribed burn treatments: early spring (April), mid-summer (August), or early fall (October). Treatments were applied and yearling heifers (n = 360) were subsequently grazed from May to August. Native plant composition and forage biomass were evaluated annually in late June and early July.

The Bottom Line ...


Evaluating Stocker Steer Gains On Tallgrass Native Range With Two Burn Dates And Spices In Mineral, J. K. Farney Jan 2020

Evaluating Stocker Steer Gains On Tallgrass Native Range With Two Burn Dates And Spices In Mineral, J. K. Farney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The overall objective of this study was to evaluate management practices that may impact stocker steer gains on a 90-day double stocking grazing system in tallgrass native range. Specific objectives include evaluating the timing of burning, addition of spices in a complete free-choice mineral, and determination if the effects are additive.

Study Description: Two pasture burning times (March or April) and free-choice mineral with or without addition of spices were evaluated using 281 head of stocker steers on eight pastures of tallgrass native range. The spices included garlic oil in powder form and Solace (Wildcat Feeds LLC). Cattle were ...


Effects Of Limit Feeding Cold Stressed Growing Calves In The Morning Versus The Evening, As Well As Bunk Line Sharing On Performance, C. A. Sasscer, S. P. Montgomery, C. I. Vahl, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, A. J. Tarpoff, D. A. Blasi Jan 2020

Effects Of Limit Feeding Cold Stressed Growing Calves In The Morning Versus The Evening, As Well As Bunk Line Sharing On Performance, C. A. Sasscer, S. P. Montgomery, C. I. Vahl, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, A. J. Tarpoff, D. A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: To determine the response of cold stressed growing calves to being fed in the evening instead of morning hours, as well as the effect of bunk line sharing.

Study Description: Crossbred steers (n = 360) of Texas, Oklahoma, and Idaho origin were blocked by weight into four size groups and randomly assigned to pens, which were randomly allocated to one of five treatments. All steers received a diet formulated to provide 60 Mcal net energy for gain/100 lb of dry matter and were limit fed with a target of 2.0% of their body weight in dry matter intake ...


Sale Price Of Holstein Feeder Steer Lots Relative To Other Breed Descriptions Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Sales From 2010 Through 2018, E. D. Mccabe, M. J. Smith, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde Jan 2020

Sale Price Of Holstein Feeder Steer Lots Relative To Other Breed Descriptions Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Sales From 2010 Through 2018, E. D. Mccabe, M. J. Smith, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the relative value of Holstein feeder steer lots compared to steer lots of other breed descriptions sold through video auctions while adjusting for all other factors that significantly influenced sale price.

Study Description: Data were analyzed from 14,075 lots of feeder steers sold via 211 livestock video auctions from 2010 through 2018. All lot characteristics that could be accurately quantified or categorized were used to develop a multiple regression model with backwards selection. A lot was categorized into one of four breed descriptions: 1) English, English crossed; 2) English-Continental crossed ...


Factors Affecting The Sale Price Of Bred Heifers And Bred Cows Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Auctions, M. J. Smith, E. D. Mccabe, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde Jan 2020

Factors Affecting The Sale Price Of Bred Heifers And Bred Cows Sold Through Superior Livestock Video Auctions, M. J. Smith, E. D. Mccabe, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate potential factors influencing the sale price of bred heifers and bred cows sold through video auctions while adjusting for all other factors that significantly influenced prices.

Study Description: Descriptive characteristics of lots offered for sale were obtained through a livestock video auction service (Superior Livestock Auction, Fort Worth, TX). Data were available on 1,870 lots of bred heifers sold through video auctions from 2010 through 2018 and 1,237 lots of bred cows sold through video auctions from 2011 through 2018. Two separate multiple regression models were developed to determine ...


Region Of Origin In The United States Affects Price Premiums Associated With Value-Added Health Protocols Of Beef Calf Lots Sold Through Summer Video Auctions From 2010 Through 2018, M. J. Smith, E. D. Mccabe, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde Jan 2020

Region Of Origin In The United States Affects Price Premiums Associated With Value-Added Health Protocols Of Beef Calf Lots Sold Through Summer Video Auctions From 2010 Through 2018, M. J. Smith, E. D. Mccabe, M. E. King, K. E. Fike, G. M. Rogers, K. G. Odde

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective was to evaluate the effects of value-added calf health protocols within various regions of the United States on the sale price of beef calf lots sold via summer video auction.

Study Description: Information describing lot factors was obtained through a livestock video auction service (Superior Livestock Auction, Fort Worth, TX). Descriptive characteristics were available over nine years (2010-2018) representing 43,242 lots of beef calves. Data were evaluated to investigate participation in various health programs across regions. A multiple regression model was developed for each region to determine the value associated with health protocols throughout regions of ...


Syngenta Enogen Feed Corn Containing An Alpha Amylase Expression Trait Improves Digestibility In Growing Calf Diets, M. A. Johnson, T. J. Spore, S. P. Montgomery, C. S. Kubick, J. S. Garzón, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, C. I. Vahl, E. D. Watson, D. A. Blasi Jan 2020

Syngenta Enogen Feed Corn Containing An Alpha Amylase Expression Trait Improves Digestibility In Growing Calf Diets, M. A. Johnson, T. J. Spore, S. P. Montgomery, C. S. Kubick, J. S. Garzón, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, C. I. Vahl, E. D. Watson, D. A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: To evaluate the digestibility parameters of growing cattle when fed Enogen Feed corn.

Study Description: Seven cannulated Holstein steers were used to determine the effects on digestibility when fed Enogen Feed corn (Syngenta) as whole-corn or processed as dry-rolled at ad libitum intake.

The Bottom Line: When Enogen Feed corn was fed in an ad libitum fashion to growing calves, dry matter and organic matter are digested to a greater extent relative to yellow corn.


Smartamine M Supplementation Reduces Inflammation But Does Not Affect Performance In Receiving Beef Heifers, M. S. Grant, H. F. Speer, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, N. D. Luchini, D. A. Blasi, E. C. Titgemeyer Jan 2020

Smartamine M Supplementation Reduces Inflammation But Does Not Affect Performance In Receiving Beef Heifers, M. S. Grant, H. F. Speer, W. R. Hollenbeck, R. N. Wahl, N. D. Luchini, D. A. Blasi, E. C. Titgemeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of supplemental methionine to improve health, inflammation status, and performance of receiving cattle.

Study Description: A group of 384 crossbred heifers (initial weight 489 lb) of Tennessee origin were used in a 45-day receiving trial with limit-feeding to evaluate the effects of supplemental methionine (Smartamine M; Adisseo, Alpharetta, GA) on health, inflammation, and performance. Cattle received either 0 (control) or 10 grams/day Smartamine M, a ruminally protected methionine product. Plasma haptoglobin levels measured on days 0, 14, and 45 were used as a biomarker of inflammation.

The Bottom Line: Supplemental ...


Effects Of Guanidinoacetic Acid On Lean Growth And Methionine Flux In Cattle, M. Ardalan, M. D. Miesner, C. D. Reinhardt, D. U. Thomson, C. K. Armendariz, E. C. Titgemeyer Jan 2020

Effects Of Guanidinoacetic Acid On Lean Growth And Methionine Flux In Cattle, M. Ardalan, M. D. Miesner, C. D. Reinhardt, D. U. Thomson, C. K. Armendariz, E. C. Titgemeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: To evaluate the effect of supplementing guanidinoacetic acid in the presence or absence of L-methionine on nitrogen retention (lean tissue growth) when cattle were purposefully maintained under conditions of a methionine deficiency.

Study Description: Seven ruminally-cannulated Holstein steers (355 lb) were used in an experiment where each steer received each of six treatments. Treatments were abomasal infusion of 0 or 6 g/day methionine, and 0, 7.5, or 15 g/day guanidinoacetic acid, with all combinations represented. Energy was supplied by ruminal infusion of volatile fatty acids and abomasal infusion of glucose. All essential amino acids except methionine ...


Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steak Ph Affects External Bioelectrical Impedance Assessment, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao Jan 2020

Beef Longissimus Lumborum Steak Ph Affects External Bioelectrical Impedance Assessment, F. Najar-Villarreal, E. A. Boyle, T. A. Houser, C. I. Vahl, J. Wolf, J. M. Gonzalez, T. G. O'Quinn, J. Kastner, M. D. Chao

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: To use external bioelectrical impedance analysis to assess postmortem chemical changes in normal- and high-pH beef longissimus lumborum steaks during simulated retail display.

Study Description: Beef strip loins (n = 20; postmortem age = 14 d) obtained from a commercial processor were sorted into two treatments, normal-pH (5.61–5.64; n = 11) and high-pH (6.2–7.0; n = 9). Loins were fabricated into five 1-inch thick steaks (n = 100), and randomly assigned to one of five display days: 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9. External bioelectrical impedance values, oxygen consumption, metmyoglobin reducing ability, protein degradation, water holding capacity, and ...


Sensory Evaluation From Asian Consumers Of Six Different Beef Shank Cuts, W. Wu, E. A. Rice, B. A. Olson, T. G. O'Quinn, T. A. Houser, E. A. Boyle, M. D. Chao Jan 2020

Sensory Evaluation From Asian Consumers Of Six Different Beef Shank Cuts, W. Wu, E. A. Rice, B. A. Olson, T. G. O'Quinn, T. A. Houser, E. A. Boyle, M. D. Chao

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate factors affecting Asian consumers’ purchasing decisions and eating preferences of six different beef shank cuts.

Study Description: Six different beef shank cuts, three from the forequarter [biceps brachii (shank A); a combination of deep digital flexor and flexor digitorum superficialis (shank B); extensor carpi radialis (shank C)], and three from the hindquarter [flexor digitorum superficialis (shank D); deep digital flexor (shank E); and a combination of long digital extensor, medial digital extensor and peroneus tertius (shank F)] were collected from 12 U.S. Department of Agriculture Low Choice beef carcasses. Shanks ...


Acknowledgments, Livestock And Meat Industry Council, Inc., Cattlemen's Day 2020 Jan 2020

Acknowledgments, Livestock And Meat Industry Council, Inc., Cattlemen's Day 2020

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Listed below are individuals, organizations, and firms that have contributed to the beef research program through financial support, product donations, or services. We appreciate your help!

Livestock and Meat Industry Council, Inc.


Cattlemen's Day 2020 Jan 2020

Cattlemen's Day 2020

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Research on beef cattle management, nutrition, and meat science at Kansas State University.


An Efficient Stocking Strategy For Grazing Replacement Heifers, Keith R. Harmoney, John R. Jaeger Jan 2020

An Efficient Stocking Strategy For Grazing Replacement Heifers, Keith R. Harmoney, John R. Jaeger

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Even though Kansas native rangelands often have steep slopes or shallow soils not con­ducive to many other uses other than livestock grazing, native rangeland and perennial grassland acres in Kansas have been declining. Cropland acreage over this same time frame has increased, and rangelands have also become more fragmented by small ranch­ettes and urbanization. Producers may be looking to increase production efficiency on a shrinking forage land base. The use of intensive early stocking (IES) is one of the most efficient stocking strategies to produce beef on rangeland acres. The IES strategy has been widely used in eastern ...


Using Modified Intensive Early Stocking For Cow/Calf Production, Keith R. Harmoney, John R. Jaeger Jan 2020

Using Modified Intensive Early Stocking For Cow/Calf Production, Keith R. Harmoney, John R. Jaeger

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Intensive early stocking (IES) was introduced nearly a half century ago in eastern Kan­sas and has since been adopted as a major management tool to increase animal produc­tion, efficiency of production, and economic return on tallgrass rangelands. These in­creases have come almost exclusively by using IES with young stocker animals. Intensive early stocking and its gains have been proven effective repeatedly in published research. A similar modified IES (MIES) system has increased production efficiency of stocker animals on western Kansas rangelands. Perennial grassland acres for cattle produc­tion, as well as cattle numbers, are declining. Using management ...


Effect Of Exercise On Health And Performance By Long-Haul, High-Stress Steers During The Receiving Period, John R. Jaeger, Justin W. Waggoner, Keith R. Harmoney, Quentin Rupp Jan 2020

Effect Of Exercise On Health And Performance By Long-Haul, High-Stress Steers During The Receiving Period, John R. Jaeger, Justin W. Waggoner, Keith R. Harmoney, Quentin Rupp

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Morbidity and mortality associated with the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex continue to be a significant challenge to the United States beef industry. Stress associ­ated with maternal separation, environment change, transportation, diet changes, and commingling are common to beef industry marketing channels and have been linked to depressed growth and health of recently weaned calves. Cattle originating from the Southeastern U.S. tend to exhibit high rates of BRD after transportation to Great Plains feedlots.

Previous research has utilized exercise one time per day or three times per week for the receiving period. In those studies, health performance of ...


Roundup 2020: Agricultural Research Center - Hays Jan 2020

Roundup 2020: Agricultural Research Center - Hays

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Roundup is the major beef cattle education and outreach event sponsored by the Agricultural Research Center - Hays. The 2020 program is the 106th staging of Roundup. The purpose is to communicate timely, applicable research information to producers and extension personnel.