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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Non-Intrusive Reduced Order Model Formulation For Inverse Shape Design Including Deforming Meshes And Multiphysics Problems., Kapil Aryal Dec 2024

Non-Intrusive Reduced Order Model Formulation For Inverse Shape Design Including Deforming Meshes And Multiphysics Problems., Kapil Aryal

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

Despite significant advancements in computer capabilities for numerical simulations, engineers continue to face limitations when dealing with large-scale full-order model(FOM) simulations. These simulations often necessitate repeated solves, such as those encountered in inverse design, real-time solution prediction, error quantification, and solver convergence, among others. To address these challenges, reduced order modeling (ROM) has emerged as a valuable approach. This thesis focuses on the development of an ROM framework that combines Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) with machine learning techniques. This integrated approach is applied to a diverse range of heat transfer and fluid flow inverse design problems. POD constructs optimal sets …


Method-Of-Characteristics Models For Flowfield Evaluation Of Hypervelocity Test Facilities, Anannthkumar Jayamani Dec 2024

Method-Of-Characteristics Models For Flowfield Evaluation Of Hypervelocity Test Facilities, Anannthkumar Jayamani

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

Ground test facilities are an imperative part of the design and development of flying vehicles. In the case of high-enthalpy facilities, evaluating the gasdynamic and thermochemical state of the test gas poses challenges due to high temperature effects. This study aims to contribute to the development impulse facilities by developing reduced-order models resolving the flowfields of such facilities. Developed as a part of this study are various method-of-characteristics (MoC) algorithms which consider gases under varying levels of thermochemical complexity. The algorithms span from simple calorically perfect gases to full thermochemical nonequilibrium. The first set of algorithms was limited to unsteady …


Cooperative Manipulation And Formation Control Using Multiple Aerial Vehicles, Uluhan Cem Kaya Dec 2024

Cooperative Manipulation And Formation Control Using Multiple Aerial Vehicles, Uluhan Cem Kaya

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

Recent advancements in autonomous systems have significantly impacted both academia and industry, opening new research avenues. One of them is the collaboration of multiple systems to achieve a common goal, which is known as a cooperative system. In the lack of human intelligence, decision making and perception capabilities, uncrewed autonomous systems could mutually benefit from each other’s capabilities when they are deployed and utilized together. This research tackles the collaboration of group of uncrewed aerial systems (UASs) where the constraint on individual vehicles requires a varying level of coordination and cooperation. Such cooperation can be in the form of a …


Turbulent Shockwave/Boundary-Layer Interactions Generated By Sharp Swept Fins, Dustin Levi Otten Dec 2024

Turbulent Shockwave/Boundary-Layer Interactions Generated By Sharp Swept Fins, Dustin Levi Otten

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

The shock/turbulent boundary layer interaction (STBLI) generated by a sharp fin with a 60 deg leading edge sweep mounted above a flat plate at Mach 2.5 was studied numerically. Incipient separation due to this highly swept fin was determined by varying the fin angle to the incoming freestream. The effect of a small fin/plate gap on STBLI incipient separation was established. Sweeping the fin increases the deflection required for incipient separation as the sweep reduces the interaction strength. A gap causes flow leakage under the fin, further reducing the interaction strength on the windward side. The incipient angle of attack …


Cooperative Rendezvous In Multi-Vehicle Systems, Rajeev Shobhit Voleti Dec 2024

Cooperative Rendezvous In Multi-Vehicle Systems, Rajeev Shobhit Voleti

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

The field of cooperative, multi-vehicle systems has witnessed a significant expansion and evolution, yielding considerable opportunities for improved autonomy, resilience, and robustness. Despite these promising developments, complex challenges persist in ensuring secure and efficient rendezvous among cooperative peers. The term "rendezvous," within the realm of cooperative control, refers to the simultaneous convergence of multi-vehicle systems to a designated target location. In missile guidance, the problem of multiple pursuer missiles achieving rendezvous with a target is termed as a salvo attack. Current methodologies often grapple with issues related to synchronization, high latency and network security, all of which can adversely impact …


Microstructural Finite Element Modeling Of High-Performance Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Composites To Characterize Microscale Material Properties And Fiber-Direction Compressive Strength, Quy Tung Ling Vu Dec 2024

Microstructural Finite Element Modeling Of High-Performance Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Composites To Characterize Microscale Material Properties And Fiber-Direction Compressive Strength, Quy Tung Ling Vu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dissertations

Carbon fiber-reinforced composites are increasingly used in aerospace application thanks to their excellent specific stiffness and strength. However, incomplete understanding of their failure behaviors leads to composite components often being designed with a high Safety Factor, limiting their advantages. Using computational methods, this project studies carbon fiber-reinforced composite microstructures for the objective of understanding and improving material performances under compression load which is one of the main considerations in primary aerospace structure design. A Finite Element (FE) model for the evaluation of composite compression behaviors was developed, allowing the identification of several key material properties affecting composite performance. The numerical …


Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon Dec 2024

Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon

Mechanical Engineering

This report aims to allow our sponsor, to review our design process of the Hitch Cart Landing Gear Prototype. In the design overview section of this report, we discuss the primary design modifications we made to the wheel mechanism of the existing hitch cart prototype, including the addition of the ACME screws and the folding brackets. This allows our sponsor to see the intended improvements made to the past prototype and understand the primary goal of our project. Then, in the implementation section, we cover the entire manufacturing process to allow our sponsor to understand what manufacturing steps must be …


Utilizing Bayesian Optimization In Technoeconomic Analyses For Integrated Energy Systems, Anthoney Griffith Aug 2024

Utilizing Bayesian Optimization In Technoeconomic Analyses For Integrated Energy Systems, Anthoney Griffith

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Technoeconomic analysis is a key element in the study of integrated energy systems. The goal of this analysis is the sizing of technologies resulting in the best economic outcome for the system. The evaluation of this system involves sizing the components and simulating the resulting market to determine an outcome. This simulation incorporates multiple possible values of uncertain parameters like grid price and wind generation. This problem is currently approached with the gradient descent optimization method. An alternative approach, Bayesian optimization, sees success on simple problems of a similar nature to technoeconomic analyses. These results motivate applying Bayesian optimization as …


Development Of A High-Throughput Methodology For Vibration-Based Fatigue Tests, Brandon Alexander Furman Aug 2024

Development Of A High-Throughput Methodology For Vibration-Based Fatigue Tests, Brandon Alexander Furman

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Global efforts towards the development of additively manufactured materials, biomaterials, metamaterials, self-healing materials, and composites have reached a staggering pace. With new materials being developed on a near-daily basis, it is more important than ever to be able to quickly and precisely quantify their mechanical performance. However, one of the most important mechanical properties, fatigue life, is notoriously time consuming to measure. Consequently, fatigue parameters are often calculated based on small sample sizes, resulting in high uncertainty of the measured parameters. In this dissertation a high-throughput approach to fatigue measurements is developed. This technique allows for multiple samples to accumulate …


Corrigendum To “Evaluation Of Operational Performance Of Wusongkou Cruise Port Through Network Data Envelopment Analysis” Jul 2024

Corrigendum To “Evaluation Of Operational Performance Of Wusongkou Cruise Port Through Network Data Envelopment Analysis”

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Potential For Enhancing The Efficiency Of A Floating Photovoltaic (Fpv) System, How-Ping Wu, Ching-Yi Tseng, Chuan-Chung Jen, Yuan-Ching Chiang, Sih-Li Chen Jul 2024

Analysis Of The Potential For Enhancing The Efficiency Of A Floating Photovoltaic (Fpv) System, How-Ping Wu, Ching-Yi Tseng, Chuan-Chung Jen, Yuan-Ching Chiang, Sih-Li Chen

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This study examined the power generation capabilities of FPV systems and the advantages of employing active cooling on floating solar panels. Floating solar panels exhibit improved efficiency due to operating at lower temperatures facilitated by the cooling effect of water evaporation. Additionally, the high availability of water renders the application of the active cooling technique economically viable. This study developed a comprehensive simulation of a floating solar system, integrating a mathematical model to validate experimental findings and a temperature model derived from an energy equation specific to floating solar panels. This model calculates the heat transfer among the three different …


Simulation Of Delta Winglets To Improve Heat Transfer In Solar Air Heaters, Mehrnaz Mehdizadeh Farsangi Jul 2024

Simulation Of Delta Winglets To Improve Heat Transfer In Solar Air Heaters, Mehrnaz Mehdizadeh Farsangi

Major Papers

Solar air heaters (SAHs) offer a sustainable energy solution, but their efficiency in using solar radiation to heat air can be further optimized. Delta winglet vortex generators (WVG) have proven effective in enhancing heat transfer from the SAH absorber plate to the air passing through the SAH, yet a comprehensive understanding of how different WVG arrangements impact both heat transfer and pressure drop is lacking. This research investigates pairs of WVGs in a common flow-up arrangement at various attack angles and Reynolds numbers (Re), aiming to bridge this knowledge gap and guide the improvement of SAH design.

Numerical …


Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Method, Henry Allen Jul 2024

Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Method, Henry Allen

2024 Symposium

The vacuum assisted resin transfer method (VARTM) is a process used to make composite materials. This process is done using a mold or plate as a base and then building up the rest of the set up from there. On the base is the vacuum seal tape, spiral or percolated tubing, a connector for the tubing, the fiber plies in the center, separation layer, vacuum mesh, and the vacuum bag layer. This setup is then connected to the resin container. The other end is connected to a catch pot and vacuum pump. The purpose of the VARTM guided study was …


Performance And Enhancement Evaluation Of A Solar Still By Using Spraying Technology, Mahmoud Mohamed Dewedar, Yasser A. F. El-Samadony, Alsayed Alsaeed Mohamed, Ahmed Ibrahim Abdo Jul 2024

Performance And Enhancement Evaluation Of A Solar Still By Using Spraying Technology, Mahmoud Mohamed Dewedar, Yasser A. F. El-Samadony, Alsayed Alsaeed Mohamed, Ahmed Ibrahim Abdo

Journal of Engineering Research

The current experimental investigation uses the water spraying approach to increase the productivity and efficiency of pyramid solar still. The design, construction, and testing of a traditional and modified small-scale pyramid solar still were conducted under identical meteorological conditions as in Tanta City, Egypt (30° 47' N, 31°E). One of the modifications is that heated sheet metal will occasionally be sprayed with salted water. We looked into how the modified solar still's (MPSS) performance characteristics were affected by solar radiation, water depth, and sheet metal-specified temperature. Measurements were made of the saline water temperature, glass temperature, spraying flow rate, and …


Heat And Mass Transfer Characteristics During Vacuum Drying Of Wood, Mohamed Salah Elmetwaly, Lotfy Hassan Rabie Saker, Mohamed Sameh Salem Jul 2024

Heat And Mass Transfer Characteristics During Vacuum Drying Of Wood, Mohamed Salah Elmetwaly, Lotfy Hassan Rabie Saker, Mohamed Sameh Salem

Journal of Engineering Research

The properties affecting the characteristics of heat and mass transfer during vacuum drying of wood are studied in this paper. The experimental work is carried out in 0.0365 m3 test rig vacuum dryer. The drying chamber dimensions are 0.5 m long and 0.305 m diameter carbon steel cylinder. This drying chamber is internally coated with epoxy paint, also this chamber is detachable closing caps at both ends meaning welded at one end and bolted at the other end to facilitate loading and unloading of the specimen. Two stainless steel heat exchanger plates with dimensions 0.3 m length, 0.15 m …


A Review Of Computational Fluid Dynamics Approaches Used To Investigate Lubrication Of Rolling Element Bearings, Farshid Sadeghi, Ujjawal Arya, Saeed Aamer, Andreas Meinel Jul 2024

A Review Of Computational Fluid Dynamics Approaches Used To Investigate Lubrication Of Rolling Element Bearings, Farshid Sadeghi, Ujjawal Arya, Saeed Aamer, Andreas Meinel

School of Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Optimizing bearing performance is based on effective lubrication, especially in high-speed machinery, where minimizing churning and drag losses is of significant importance. Over the past few decades, extensive research has been conducted into the better understanding of different aspects of bearing lubrication. These investigations have employed a combination of experimental methods and advanced computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models. This article provides a comprehensive overview of critical aspects of bearing lubrication, with a specific emphasis on recent advances in CFD models. Lubricant flow and distribution patterns are discussed while examining their impact on drag and churning losses. An extensive discussion is …


Study Of Polymer-On-Polymer Cold Spray Deposition Windows Under Apparently Similar Conditions, Ülar Tiitma Jun 2024

Study Of Polymer-On-Polymer Cold Spray Deposition Windows Under Apparently Similar Conditions, Ülar Tiitma

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to explore and expand the capabilities of polymer-on-polymer cold spray demonstrated herein using polyamide 6 (PA6)-based powder and substrates. Experiments were conducted using three different cold spray systems described in this work, permitting more in-depth examination of process response to different cold spray process control parameters, such as nominal system pressure and temperature. Two specific responses of interest were the deposition window (DW) and deposition efficiency (DE) of PA6. The DW was determined by performing several sprays at different calculated particle impact velocities and temperatures. The composite result from these experiments was identification of …


Cognitive Manufacturing: Definition And Current Trends, Fadi El Kalach, Ibrahim Yousif, Thorsten Wuest, Amit Sheth, Ramy Harik Jun 2024

Cognitive Manufacturing: Definition And Current Trends, Fadi El Kalach, Ibrahim Yousif, Thorsten Wuest, Amit Sheth, Ramy Harik

Publications

Manufacturing systems have recently witnessed a shift from the widely adopted automated systems seen throughout industry. The evolution of Industry 4.0 or Smart Manufacturing has led to the introduction of more autonomous systems focused on fault tolerant and customized production. These systems are required to utilize multimodal data such as machine status, sensory data, and domain knowledge for complex decision making processes. This level of intelligence can allow manufacturing systems to keep up with the ever-changing markets and intricate supply chain. Current manufacturing lines lack these capabilities and fall short of utilizing all generated data. This paper delves into the …


Capstone Review: Filament Unit Multiplexing Engine, Gal Cohen Jun 2024

Capstone Review: Filament Unit Multiplexing Engine, Gal Cohen

University Honors Theses

The Filament Unit Multiplexing Engine (FUME) is a Mechanical Engineering capstone project sponsored by Portland State University's Electronic Prototyping Lab (EPL). The project addresses the need for an automated system to manage 3D printing operations. The current manual process of selecting and routing a spool of filament to one of the available 3D printers is labor-intensive and limits the efficiency of the lab's 3D printing farm. FUME aims to create a custom solution tailored for a multi-user, multi-spool, and multi-printer environment. The designed system includes key components: a spool holder, an engine, a track and shuttle system, and a funnel. …


Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb Jun 2024

Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb

Theses and Dissertations

Implantable drug delivery devices have many benefits over traditional drug administration techniques and have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. By delivering the medication directly to the tissue, they enable the use of larger localized concentrations, enhancing the efficacy of the treatment. Passive-release drug delivery systems, one of the various ways to provide medication, are great inventions. However, they cannot dispense the medication on demand since they are nonprogrammable. Therefore, active actuators are more advantageous in delivery applications. Smart material actuators, however, have greatly increased in popularity for manufacturing wearable and implantable micropumps due to their high energy …


Using Sustainable Technique To Recycle Waste Paper In Academic Institutions, Mustafa M. Mansour Jun 2024

Using Sustainable Technique To Recycle Waste Paper In Academic Institutions, Mustafa M. Mansour

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

It has been clearly demonstrated that it would be feasible to consider recycling paper in an academic institution. This can be achieved through combining specific waste paper baskets, a pulping machine and power supplied by a renewable energy source, with an already established local paper making company. The paper making company would be able to gain a subsidy from the government which pays them to actually recycle paper, to counteract the cost of the pulped paper which is 30% more expensive than raw wood pulp. The academic institution would save money on waste disposal and decrease its carbon footprint by …


Designing Hybrid Aerogel-3d Printed Absorbers For Simultaneous Low Frequency And Broadband Noise Control, Yutong Xue, L. Paige Nobles, Bhisham Sharma, J. Stuart Bolton Jun 2024

Designing Hybrid Aerogel-3d Printed Absorbers For Simultaneous Low Frequency And Broadband Noise Control, Yutong Xue, L. Paige Nobles, Bhisham Sharma, J. Stuart Bolton

Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2

Recent studies have demonstrated that granular aerogels with sub-50 μm particles surpass conventional acoustic materials like glass fibers and polyurethane foams in low-frequency sound absorption. However, incorporating such granular materials within practical structural solutions remains a challenge. In this study, we use additive manufacturing to overcome this challenge by designing a modular geometry that allows us to encapsulate such granular materials within a 3D printed scaffold. Using the 3D printed porous scaffold provides the added benefits of tunability and durability. Further, we introduce a design methodology and software tool to facilitate the efficient design of such hybrid sound absorbers. The …


Barcode Medication Administration (Bmca): 2023-24, Krishan R. Patel, Carlos E. Sosa, Mary Grace Sy Jun 2024

Barcode Medication Administration (Bmca): 2023-24, Krishan R. Patel, Carlos E. Sosa, Mary Grace Sy

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

The Barcode Medication Administration is an important system implemented within a hospital. It is the process in which nurses and other healthcare professionals prescribe and distribute medication to the patients. It aids in organizing which patient got prescribed which medication from which doctor and provides records on who was given care by who. The whole BCMA system is a multi-step process from getting the medication prescribed, to the nurses having to pick up the medication from the medication cabinet, and then having to scan the patient and the medication to finally administer medications.

The current BCMA system implemented at the …


Smart Manufacturing For Cal Poly's Ime Curriculum, Grace L. Guarraia, Eric F. Ledesma Jun 2024

Smart Manufacturing For Cal Poly's Ime Curriculum, Grace L. Guarraia, Eric F. Ledesma

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly) takes pride of supporting one of the nation’s strongest undergraduate Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering programs. However, as industry evolves to accommodate advancing computing power, improved manufacturing algorithms, and improved robotics, it is imperative that Cal Poly’s curriculum evolves in parallel. Smart manufacturing is the future of the manufacturing industry, and Cal Poly is searching for the ideal method to teach and integrate Smart Manufacturing into its classes. With its upcoming switch to the semester system, coupled with its “Learn by Doing” motto, the department is at an ideal period for the …


A Screening Life Cycle Analysis Of One-Way And Reusable Crate Designs – Estimating Environmental Impacts Via Lca Software, Nicolas R. Corona Jun 2024

A Screening Life Cycle Analysis Of One-Way And Reusable Crate Designs – Estimating Environmental Impacts Via Lca Software, Nicolas R. Corona

Master's Theses

A comparison analysis conducted via COMPASS life cycle analysis software has indicated that a one-way crate design, rather than a reusable crate design, is in fact the more environmentally friendly packaging system. These results can be interpreted differently, however, as the manufacturer of said crate designs must confirm what impact indicators they would like to reference as environmental goalposts. The conducted analysis provides insight into what the environmental impacts of each packaging system look like as packaging at all three system levels has been identified as a means of reducing environmental impacts globally. As such, the manufacturer of said crate …


Impact Force Helmet Device For Concussion Monitoring, Patrice Mulligan, Karina Mealey, Zack Borthwick, Benjamin Fick Jun 2024

Impact Force Helmet Device For Concussion Monitoring, Patrice Mulligan, Karina Mealey, Zack Borthwick, Benjamin Fick

General Engineering

To track head trauma in football, our device is placed inside a football helmet to measure both linear and gyroscopic (rotational) accelerations. These measurements are taken using an ADXL375 linear accelerometer and an LSM6DSOX accelerometer and gyroscope. The data from these sensors is processed and transmitted wirelessly by a SparkFun Thing Plus microcontroller to another SparkFun Thing Plus microcontroller connected to a laptop on the sidelines. Our program on the laptop stores the acceleration impact data into a .csv file for each player. If a likely concussive impact is detected, the program displays a popup warning. Testing results were promising …


Design And Implementation Of A Vision-Based Deep-Learning Protocol For Kinematic Feature Extraction With Application To Stroke Rehabilitation, Juan Diego Luna Inga Jun 2024

Design And Implementation Of A Vision-Based Deep-Learning Protocol For Kinematic Feature Extraction With Application To Stroke Rehabilitation, Juan Diego Luna Inga

Master's Theses

Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, affecting thousands of individuals annually and significantly impairing their mobility, independence, and quality of life. Traditional methods for assessing motor impairments are often costly and invasive, creating substantial barriers to effective rehabilitation. This thesis explores the use of DeepLabCut (DLC), a deep-learning-based pose estimation tool, to extract clinically meaningful kinematic features from video data of stroke survivors with upper-extremity (UE) impairments.

To conduct this investigation, a specialized protocol was developed to tailor DLC for analyzing movements characteristic of UE impairments in stroke survivors. This protocol was validated through comparative analysis using peak …


Enhancing Miter Saw Safety: Challenges And Prospects Of Brake Incorporation With An Automatic Blade Retraction System, Derek Cole Jun 2024

Enhancing Miter Saw Safety: Challenges And Prospects Of Brake Incorporation With An Automatic Blade Retraction System, Derek Cole

University Honors Theses

Miter saws pose significant safety risks with thousands of injuries reported annually. Despite this risk, they are still used every day as they are a necessity for thousands of workers in the United States and globally. This leaves a demand to make these machines safer to mitigate any potential harm. This research addresses the critical need for an automatic safety system for miter saws, aiming to enhance user safety by retracting and stopping the blade upon skin contact. This analysis identified the primary challenge: The large force generated when braking at high speed on a miter saw blade, translates the …


Feasibility And Characterization Of Leak-Tight Single-Track Thin Walls Produced By Laser Powder Bed Fusion In 316l Stainless Steel, Peyton J. Archibald Jun 2024

Feasibility And Characterization Of Leak-Tight Single-Track Thin Walls Produced By Laser Powder Bed Fusion In 316l Stainless Steel, Peyton J. Archibald

Master's Theses

This thesis explores the optimization of process parameters for producing single-track thin walls using Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) additive manufacturing. Using two different coupon designs, the study assesses the feasibility of creating the thinnest possible leak-tight structures within LPBF and evaluating their mechanical properties, including burst pressure and modulus of elasticity under pressure loads. A series of experimental iterations were conducted, varying laser power and laser speed to identify optimal conditions. The findings indicate that a narrow range of process parameters can produce consistently leak-tight thin walls. The results contribute to understanding how to achieve high quality, reliable thin …


Sizing Wind Tunnel Heater For High Enthalpy Conditions, Justin M. Slavick Jun 2024

Sizing Wind Tunnel Heater For High Enthalpy Conditions, Justin M. Slavick

Master's Theses

This paper determines the feasibility of adding a heater to an existing blowdown supersonic wind tunnel to unlock new high-enthalpy test applications, considering cost and power requirements at a variety of different states. This process includes both modeling the current range of test section properties in Cal Poly's blowdown wind tunnel and determining the new range of properties that a heat exchanger could induce. These results are verified with a computational fluid dynamics study. Additionally, sublimation and ablation properties of materials are explored to create appropriate models to study atmospheric re-entry once the heat exchanger is implemented.

It is found …