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Articles 1 - 30 of 173

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Tomato Puree Convective Heat Transfer Simulation Using Boussinesq Approximation, Matteo Fabbri May 2019

Tomato Puree Convective Heat Transfer Simulation Using Boussinesq Approximation, Matteo Fabbri

Theses

With the advance of new technologies, the food industries are requiring systems that allow to produce the desired products with faster rates at cheaper costs. In this case, the study was initiated with the purpose to better understand what happens inside a package containing tomato puree when this is heated above 343 K in a tunnel pasteurizer. If the fluid must reach the thermal and microbiological condition of “pasteurization”, the system must guarantee that the temperature (around 343° Kelvin) is kept for a certain time allowing to pasteurize even the cooler package’s fluid-particle. The faster the system can heat ...


Mechanics Of Binder-Particle Interactions In Composite Battery Electrodes, Richard Johnson May 2019

Mechanics Of Binder-Particle Interactions In Composite Battery Electrodes, Richard Johnson

Theses

A study into the particle level mechanics of polymer binder and active material used in composite lithium-ion batteries (LIB) has been conducted. Silicon is highly sought after material that can be used as an active material in a composite anode. Its high theoretical capacity can result in batteries that can store more energy than current LIBs, but high volume expansion of Si during charge/discharge cycles leads to rapid capacity fade and poor cyclic life. Understanding the stress that is generated in the binder and the active material due to the volume expansion has not been fully understood. In this ...


Performance Enhancement Of Human Motion Based Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters, Iman Izadgoshasb Jan 2019

Performance Enhancement Of Human Motion Based Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters, Iman Izadgoshasb

Theses

Harvesting electricity from human motions using piezoelectric materials is attracting the attention of many researchers in recent years. These harvesters can potentially power portable electronic devices without the need of external power sources.

The aim of this thesis was to improve the efficiency of piezoelectric energy harvesting from human motions. To achieve this, optimising orientation of piezoelectric cantilever beam investigated; the new mechanism consisting of double pendulum system was studied and finally the new shape design of cantilever was proposed to generate multi resonance peaks. These achievements may help to improve the efficiency of piezoelectric energy harvesters in the future.


Modelling Of Oxygen Diffusion In Cork, Swapnil Shivputra Rane May 2018

Modelling Of Oxygen Diffusion In Cork, Swapnil Shivputra Rane

Theses

The primary objective of this project is to better understand gas diffusion through natural cork structures by comparing simulations of gas diffusion through natural cork to experimental measurements of oxygen gas diffusion through the same structure. The cork's internal structure is measured using x-ray computed tomography (CT). From the measured internal structure, a simple mapping is assumed converting the measured x-ray computed tomography images into a 3D map of local diffusion coefficient. Specifically, it is assured that the x-ray CT pixel value is inversely proportional to the diffusion coefficient of oxygen through the cork. A diffusion model for the ...


Thermal And Structural Characterization Of Macro-Encapsulated Phase Change Material Integrated Into Concrete Cubes, Yasir Rashid Apr 2018

Thermal And Structural Characterization Of Macro-Encapsulated Phase Change Material Integrated Into Concrete Cubes, Yasir Rashid

Theses

High-energy consumption in buildings is a research issue of great importance today, with solid-liquid phase change materials (PCMs) proving an excellent candidate for passive means to reduce energy consumption. In the current research, a novel protective coating was developed from geopolymer to encapsulate a PCM to prevent leakage in the liquidous phase. The PCM was characterized using a customized temperature history method (THM) and standard differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Two different porous materials, polyurethane foam and lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA), were selected to hold the PCM and act as a matrix in which to develop PCM capsules. Ingredients of ...


Effect Of Temperature On The Fracture Behavior Of Lead-Free Solder Joints, Patrick Thompson May 2016

Effect Of Temperature On The Fracture Behavior Of Lead-Free Solder Joints, Patrick Thompson

Theses

The objective of the present study is to examine the effect of temperature on the fracture behavior of Cu-SAC305-Cu joints. To this end, double cantilever beam (DCB) specimens, consisting of a thin layer of Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5 (SAC305) solder sandwiched between two copper bars, fabricated under standard surface mount (SMT) processing conditions are fractured under various temperatures with a MTS machine equipped with an environment chamber. The load-displacement behavior corresponding to crack initiation and the subsequent toughening before ultimate failure and the displacements near crack tip are recorded and used to calculate the fracture energy release rates. The fracture ...


Numerical Analysis For The Hemodynamics In Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms, Hashem Mhd Hicham Alargha Apr 2016

Numerical Analysis For The Hemodynamics In Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms, Hashem Mhd Hicham Alargha

Theses

A cerebral aneurysm is a vascular disorder characterized by abnormal focal dilation of a brain artery which is considered as a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Cerebral aneurysms affect around 2%-5% of adults and they are fatal and can rupture with an overall mortality rate of more than 50%. Through computational fluid dynamics investigation, this study is offering a closer look into the initiation growth and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. Four focus points are studied in this thesis which are sensitivity analysis of blood viscosity in aneurysms, the effect of cerebral aneurysm size on wall stresses and strain, hazard ...


Shock Wave Interaction With A Fluid Filled Cylinder Experimental Methods, Praveen Kumar Baba Siddabattuni Dec 2015

Shock Wave Interaction With A Fluid Filled Cylinder Experimental Methods, Praveen Kumar Baba Siddabattuni

Theses

In the recent wars of Iraq and Afghanistan, many soldiers sustained bTBI (blast-induced traumatic brain injury). The blasts are created by extensive use of improvised explosive devices (IED’s). Whether pure blast-shock waves cause TBI or what is the mechanism of injury are not fully known. Research efforts are underway to find answers to these questions.

The primary objective of this project is to understand how the shockwave interacts with a fluid-filled cylinder of different thicknesses. Here, the cylinder is idealized as head and the fluid filled inside it as the brain material. The primary interest here is, how the ...


Numerical Validation Of Cooling Performance Of Phase Change Materials Integrated Into Heat Sinks For Electronics Cooling, Shaimaa Mohamed Abu Ayyan Dec 2015

Numerical Validation Of Cooling Performance Of Phase Change Materials Integrated Into Heat Sinks For Electronics Cooling, Shaimaa Mohamed Abu Ayyan

Theses

This study aims to analyze the cooling performance of phase change materials (PCMs) integrated into metallic heat sinks (HSs) both experimentally and numerically. For the experimental part of the study, a test setup has been constructed to test PCM integrated heat sinks. The heat sinks are prepared as metallic containments having fins with fixed inter-fin spacing. The volume between the heat sink fins is filled with PCM namely: a paraffin wax, salt hydrate-calcium chloride and milk-fat, then the whole system is sealed for testing under various heat loads at 4W, 6W, 8W and 10W. Four modes of operation are experimentally ...


Numerical Validation Of Cooling Performance Of Phase Change Materials Integrated Into Heat Sinks For Electronics Cooling, Shaimaa Mohamed Abu Ayyan Dec 2015

Numerical Validation Of Cooling Performance Of Phase Change Materials Integrated Into Heat Sinks For Electronics Cooling, Shaimaa Mohamed Abu Ayyan

Theses

This study aims to analyze the cooling performance of phase change materials (PCMs) integrated into metallic heat sinks (HSs) both experimentally and numerically. For the experimental part of the study, a test setup has been constructed to test PCM integrated heat sinks. The heat sinks are prepared as metallic containments having fins with fixed inter-fin spacing. The volume between the heat sink fins is filled with PCM namely: a paraffin wax, salt hydrate-calcium chloride and milk-fat, then the whole system is sealed for testing under various heat loads at 4W, 6W, 8W and 10W. Four modes of operation are experimentally ...


Effect Of Endplate On The Blast Wave Profile In A Compressed Gas Shock Tube, Sudeepto Kahali Aug 2015

Effect Of Endplate On The Blast Wave Profile In A Compressed Gas Shock Tube, Sudeepto Kahali

Theses

Blast related brain injuries are commonly encountered in the recent wars of Iraq and Afghanistan increased use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). An estimated 20% of veterans returning from these operations have suffered traumatic brain injuries (TBI). The mechanisms and long-term effects of the injury are not fully understood, and extensive research effort is being focused toward identifying the mechanisms of primary blast injury. When a pure shock-blast wave encounters a subject, in the absence of shrapnel, casing or gaseous products, the loading is termed as primary blast loading, and its effects can be studied using shock tubes.

The wave ...


Experimental Evaluate Gas Separation Using Ranuehilsch Vortex Tube, Ali Salah Omar Owiemer Omar Owiemer Jun 2015

Experimental Evaluate Gas Separation Using Ranuehilsch Vortex Tube, Ali Salah Omar Owiemer Omar Owiemer

Theses

Through experimental investigation, this study is offering a closer look into the performance of the vortex tube energy separation and a better understanding of the effect of the vortex tube length, diameter and internal tapering angle on the energy separation. Also the study addresses the effect of inlet pressure on the performance of the vortex tube and the effect of different working fluids (Air, H2 and O2). The vortex tube is a thermal static tube that was discovered by the French scientist George Ranque in 1933 and it is used to separate compressed gas flow into two different streams: one ...


Hand Operated Tabletop Letterpress Assembly Instructions 1.0, George Chiu, Brendan Domos, Spencer Herzog, Nathan Sandidge, Kevin Weinstein Jun 2015

Hand Operated Tabletop Letterpress Assembly Instructions 1.0, George Chiu, Brendan Domos, Spencer Herzog, Nathan Sandidge, Kevin Weinstein

Theses

A group of RIT Mechanical Engineering students spent the 2014-2015 academic year in their senior design class collaborating with the RIT Cary Graphic Arts Collection to design and fabricate a 21st century hand-operated platen press.

The press that was designed during this engineering exercise met several requirements:

  • be under 30 lbs
  • fit in a 24 inch square table top space
  • be manufactured with a majority of components which could be purchased from a standard parts supplier
  • be able to print with commonly manufactured ink rollers, ink, letterpress chases, spacing and furniture
  • the platen and packing had to be adjustable to ...


Development Of A Finite Element Method For Light Activated Polymers, Craig Hamel May 2015

Development Of A Finite Element Method For Light Activated Polymers, Craig Hamel

Theses

Traditional Shape Memory Polymers (SMPs) belong to a class of smart materials which have shown promise for a wide range of applications. They are characterized by their ability to maintain a temporary deformed shape and return to an original parent permanent shape. The first SMPs developed responded to changes in temperature by exploiting the difference in modulus and chain mobility through the glass transition temperature. However, in recent years, new SMPs have been developed that respond to other stimuli besides temperature; these can include electricity, magnetism, changes in chemical concentration, and even light.

In this thesis, we consider the photo-mechanical ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Copper-Doped And Silver-Doped Titanium Dioxide Nano-Catalysts For Photo Catalytic Applications, Haya Abdel Ra’Ouf Ahmed Ra’Ouf Ahmed May 2015

Preparation And Characterization Of Copper-Doped And Silver-Doped Titanium Dioxide Nano-Catalysts For Photo Catalytic Applications, Haya Abdel Ra’Ouf Ahmed Ra’Ouf Ahmed

Theses

The goal of this work was to improve the performance of TiO2 nanomaterials by increasing their optical activities by shifting the onset of the response from the UV to the visible-light region. Among the several ways to achieve this goal, doping TiO2 nanomaterials with other elements (e.g. metals) was selected to narrow the band gap and enhance the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials. In this work, we have prepared Cu-doped TiO2 and Ag-doped TiO2 nano-catalysts, characterized them and studied their properties, and the optical ones in particular. The Ag-doped TiO2 catalyst was prepared by the sol-gel method while the ...


Carbon Black Mediated Conductive Polymer Composite, Mohamed Hussein Faris Ali Dec 2014

Carbon Black Mediated Conductive Polymer Composite, Mohamed Hussein Faris Ali

Theses

The central goal of this thesis is to produce electrically conductive nanocomposites made out of carbon black obtained from waste tires as filler into a polymeric matrix. Waste tires are discarded in substantial numbers on a daily basis, posing a significant environmental concern. By weight, about 25-35% of a tire is carbon black. Pyrolysis is a convenient and environmental friendly process to produce carbon black from tires. Due to carbon black’s low density, high electrical conductivity and economic feasibility, this thesis investigates the electrical conductivity of nanocomposites that utilizes carbon black particles as fillers. As a result of its ...


Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Kinetics Resulting From Use Of A Vacuum Socket On A Transtibial Prosthesis, Maria De Lourdes Ramos Gonzalez May 2014

Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Kinetics Resulting From Use Of A Vacuum Socket On A Transtibial Prosthesis, Maria De Lourdes Ramos Gonzalez

Theses

The technology and design of lower limb prosthetics have evolved greatly since their introduction. The current study proposed to compare the effects of a conventional pin socket attachment and a vacuum socket attachment for a transtibial amputee. Whereas traditional measurements of gait utilize force plates and camera systems, this study made use of a small tri-axial load cell located at the base of the socket to measure the forces and moments exerted during a regular gait cycle. The hypothesis tested stated that a vacuum pump socket attachment, when compared to a non-vacuum (pin) socket, will have a significant effect on ...


Magnetic Nanoparticles For Thermally Anoparticles Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery, Hazem Elshorbagy Elshorbagy Jan 2014

Magnetic Nanoparticles For Thermally Anoparticles Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery, Hazem Elshorbagy Elshorbagy

Theses

A novel method of delivering thermal energy efficiently to reservoirs for heavy oil production is described in this study. The method uses magnetic nanoparticles that generate heat locally when exposed to a high frequency magnetic field oscillation via hysteresis losses. This concept is currently used in medical research to thermally kill cancerous cells. Electromagnetic heating is a n alternative method to heat heavy oil reservoirs without using water or steam. Using magnetic nanoparticles with electromagnetic heating would greatly reduce the energy requirement and would allow efficient propagation of heat into deeper regions beyond wellbore locality that are otherwise difficult to ...


Magnetic Nanoparticles For Thermally Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery, Hazem Elshorbagy Jan 2014

Magnetic Nanoparticles For Thermally Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery, Hazem Elshorbagy

Theses

A novel method of delivering thermal energy efficiently to reservoirs for heavy oil production is described in this study. The method uses magnetic nanoparticles that generate heat locally when exposed to a high frequency magnetic field oscillation via hysteresis losses. This concept is currently used in medical research to thermally kill cancerous cells. Electromagnetic heating is an alternative method to heat heavy oil reservoirs without using water or steam. Using magnetic nanoparticles with electromagnetic heating would greatly reduce the energy requirement and would allow efficient propagation of heat into deeper regions beyond wellbore locality that are otherwise difficult to reach ...


Analysis Of Connecting Rod Bearing Design Trends Using A Mode-Based Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Model, Travis M. Blais Aug 2013

Analysis Of Connecting Rod Bearing Design Trends Using A Mode-Based Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Model, Travis M. Blais

Theses

Available design trends for big end connecting rod bearings utilize widely adopted rapid methods for prediction of minimum film thickness due to their superior speed and ease of use. However, they impose unrealistic assumptions such as surface rigidity, which could compromise the accuracy of results. The significance of structural elasticity and updated models was investigated using a mode based elastohydrodynamic lubrication model which includes body forces, mass conserving cavitation, and surface roughness. Eight physical connecting rods were modeled using finite element methods and simulated over a variety of conditions, varying engine speed, bearing clearance, and oil viscosity. The results show ...


Conductive Polymer Blends And Their Use In Memory Devices, Mohammad Yousef Al-Haik Jun 2013

Conductive Polymer Blends And Their Use In Memory Devices, Mohammad Yousef Al-Haik

Theses

The aim of this project is to synthesize and characterize conductive polymers made out of blending nonconductive polymers with ionic liquids. An application to demonstrate the use of these novel conductive polymers is to create an organic memory device.

Attempts to synthesize conductive polymers have been reported in the literature; several of these approaches include doping a polymer with arsenic or iodine based dopant. In this work, ionic liquids, known as plasticizer, are sued as the dopant for non-conductive polymers. There are several advantages of employing the ionic liquids over other dopants, including the maintenance of organic based blends (both ...


Supersonic Turbine Cascade Studies Using Computational Fluid Dynamics And Water Table Experiments, Shelby E. Nelson May 2013

Supersonic Turbine Cascade Studies Using Computational Fluid Dynamics And Water Table Experiments, Shelby E. Nelson

Theses

Design engineers use a variety of tools to perform calculations and to aid in the design process. For example, engineers designing gas turbines, specifically the aerodynamicists, use a combination of hand calculations, experimental data, and complex numerical codes to simulate air flow around each blade. Aerodynamicists designing gas turbines must predict the locations of the shocks to locate inefficiencies in the flow. In this thesis, three methods of calculating the shock angles are compared: analytical, experimental, and computational. Three different airfoil shapes are tested: a rectangular flat plate, a supersonic diamond, and a turbine airfoil. Cascade tests of the airfoil ...


The Design And Testing Of A Solar Autoclave With Broad Spectrum Sterilization Capabilities, Sarah S. Trabia Nov 2012

The Design And Testing Of A Solar Autoclave With Broad Spectrum Sterilization Capabilities, Sarah S. Trabia

Theses

Energy is difficult to come by in developing countries and this interferes with the ability of doctors to provide good healthcare to their patients. Without decent sterilization, patients can become infected and diseases can spread throughout hospitals. This study involves designing a solar autoclave for developing countries that is as efficient as electrical autoclaves. The design is intended to not require any electrical input and to be affordable to those who cannot afford advanced medical equipment. Once the solar autoclave is designed, it will be tested to determine if it can sterilize equipment against a variety of different bacteria, including ...


The Mechanical Testing Of Single Nanofiber, Pratik Manohar Dahule Dec 2011

The Mechanical Testing Of Single Nanofiber, Pratik Manohar Dahule

Theses

Polymer nanofibers exhibit properties that make them a favorable material for the development of tissue engineering scaffolds, filtration devices, sensors, and high strength lightweight materials. Perfectly aligned PLLA Nanofibers were fabricated by an electrospinning technique under optimum conditions and the diameter of the electrospun fibers can easily be tailored by adjusting the concentration of the polymer solution. To align the nanofibers, special arrangement was made in terms of two aluminum plates. Good alignment of polymer nanofibers on specimen was confirmed by SEM observation. The effect of different electro-spinning parameters on maximum fiber length, average fiber diameter, diameter uniformity, and fiber ...


Design And Fabrication Of A Tapped Densification Apparatus For Bulk Solids, Joshua H. De Jong Dec 2010

Design And Fabrication Of A Tapped Densification Apparatus For Bulk Solids, Joshua H. De Jong

Theses

Experiments are commonly used to ascertain the flow properties of bulk solids. One such property is a measurement quantity known as the tapped density. Here, a container of granular material is subjected to a long sequence of discrete taps, after which the bulk density - the total mass divided by the volume occupied –- is determined. Current technology exists to achieve the maximum tap density by subjecting a container to a user defined number of taps at a specific, predetermined amplitude and frequency. However, the final bulk density is known to be dependent on the tap parameters. It can therefore be beneficial ...


Fracture Behavior Of Cracked Full Scale Steel Pipes Used For Gas And Petroleum Industries, Jaafer Altarawneh Nov 2010

Fracture Behavior Of Cracked Full Scale Steel Pipes Used For Gas And Petroleum Industries, Jaafer Altarawneh

Theses

The fracture toughness of pipeline steel grade X65 was investigated utilizing linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis, KIC testing according to non-standards techniques, as well as the elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis (J-Integral and crack opening displacement COD methods). The fracture toughness tests were conducted at full scale pipe used for gas and oil industry, circumferential surface crack were introduced to nine pipe specimens with different depths, crack/notch depths were selected to cover wide range of remaining material of the original pipe thickness, the original pipe thickness remain unchanged, a special fixture was manufactured to perform the experimental works, plane ...


Fracture Behavior Of Cracked Full Scale Steel Pipes Used For Gas And Petroleum Industries, Jaafer Altarawneh Nov 2010

Fracture Behavior Of Cracked Full Scale Steel Pipes Used For Gas And Petroleum Industries, Jaafer Altarawneh

Theses

The fracture toughness of pipeline steel grade X65 was investigated utilizing linear elastic fracture mechanics analysis, KIC testing according to non-standards techniques, as well as the elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis (J-Integral and crack opening displacement COD methods). The fracture toughness tests were conducted at full scale pipe used for gas and oil industry, circumferential surface crack were introduced to nine pipe specimens with different depths, crack/notch depths were selected to cover wide range of remaining material of the original pipe thickness, the original pipe thickness remain unchanged, a special fixture was manufactured to perform the experimental works, plane ...


Impact Characteristics Of Nano Composites, Ammar Mohamed Al Omari Jun 2010

Impact Characteristics Of Nano Composites, Ammar Mohamed Al Omari

Theses

Nanocomposite materials have seen a significant increase in use and have created a revolution in high-performance structures. They exploit the properties of different materials which create structures that are stronger, stiffer, impact resistant and more durable against environmental factors. They can be tailored to have better electric, magnetic, optical properties, and be chemically, thermally and explosion resistant depending on the application. The current research study investigates the impact characteristics of polymeric based nanaocomposites strengthened with various types of nano and micro filler. An in-house designed impact testing machine was utilized to typify the impact characteristics of different nanocomposite materials through ...


Stochastic And Deterministic Dynamics Investigation Of The Microstructure Of Granular Materials, Vishagan Ratnaswamy May 2010

Stochastic And Deterministic Dynamics Investigation Of The Microstructure Of Granular Materials, Vishagan Ratnaswamy

Theses

Granular materials are ubiquitous in one's daily life. They can be found in the cereal you eat, the sugar you put in your coffee or the sand you walk on in the beach. The study of granular materials has a rich history dating back to the 17th century where Kepler studied the packing of particles. The compaction of granular materials is a problem that is studied by using theory, experiments and simulations. While these studies have yielded some important results, there still are many details about the mechanisms of granular compaction that are unknown.

In this thesis, the density ...


Dem Simulated Radial And Axial Pressure In A Cylindrical Granular Column, Meng Cui Aug 2008

Dem Simulated Radial And Axial Pressure In A Cylindrical Granular Column, Meng Cui

Theses

The study of packed beds of granular spheres and their applications are of great interest to industries, and one of the most important subjects that has been studied is cylindrical beds. In 1895, H. A. Janssen discovered that in a vertical cylinder the pressure measured at the bottom does not depend upon the height of the filling in contrast to Newtonian fluids that possess linear hydrostatic pressure equilibrium. One of assumptions of his theory stated that the horizontal pressure is proportional to the vertical. In this thesis, this physical hypothesis is investigated using Discrete Element Simulations of inelastic with a ...