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Finite element analysis

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Effects Of Local Ph On The Formation And Regulation Of Cristae Morphologies, Dong Hoon Song, Jonghyun Park, Martin A. Philbert, Ann Marie Sastry, Wei Lu Nov 2018

Effects Of Local Ph On The Formation And Regulation Of Cristae Morphologies, Dong Hoon Song, Jonghyun Park, Martin A. Philbert, Ann Marie Sastry, Wei Lu

Jonghyun Park

Cristae, folded subcompartments of the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM), have complex and dynamic morphologies. Since cristae are the major site of adenosine triphosphate synthesis, morphological changes of cristae have been studied in relation to functional states of mitochondria. In this sense, investigating the functional and structural significance of cristae may be critical for understanding progressive mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the detailed mechanisms of the formation and regulation of these cristae structures have not been fully elucidated. Among the hypotheses concerning the regulation of cristae morphologies, we exclusively investigate the effects of the local pH gradient on the cristae morphologies by using ...


Nonprehensile Manipulation Of Deformable Objects: Achievements And Perspectives From The Rodyman Project, Aykut C. Satici Sep 2018

Nonprehensile Manipulation Of Deformable Objects: Achievements And Perspectives From The Rodyman Project, Aykut C. Satici

Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The goal of this work is to disseminate the results achieved so far within the RODYMAN project related to planning and control strategies for robotic nonprehensile manipulation. The project aims at advancing the state of the art of nonprehensile dynamic manipulation of rigid and deformable objects to future enhance the possibility of employing robots in anthropic environments. The final demonstrator of the RODYMAN project will be an autonomous pizza maker. This article is a milestone to highlight the lessons learned so far and pave the way towards future research directions and critical discussions.


Human Knee Fea Model For Transtibial Amputee Tibial Cartilage Pressure In Gait And Cycling, Gregory Lane Jun 2018

Human Knee Fea Model For Transtibial Amputee Tibial Cartilage Pressure In Gait And Cycling, Gregory Lane

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease affecting roughly 31 million Americans. The incidence of OA is significantly higher for persons who have suffered a transtibial amputation. Abnormal cartilage stress can cause higher OA risk, however it is unknown if there is a connection between exercise type and cartilage stress. To help answer this, a tibiofemoral FEA model was created. Utilizing linear elastic isotropic materials and non-linear springs, the model was validated to experimental cadaveric data. In a previous study, 6 control and 6 amputee subjects underwent gait and cycling experiments. The resultant knee loads were analyzed to find the maximum ...


Modeling Residual Stress Development In Hybrid Processing By Additive Manufacturing And Laser Shock Peening, Guru Charan Reddy Madireddy Apr 2018

Modeling Residual Stress Development In Hybrid Processing By Additive Manufacturing And Laser Shock Peening, Guru Charan Reddy Madireddy

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The term “hybrid” has been widely applied to many areas of manufacturing. Naturally, that term has found a home in additive manufacturing as well. Hybrid additive manufacturing or hybrid-AM has been used to describe multi-material printing, combined machines (e.g., deposition printing and milling machine center), and combined processes (e.g., printing and interlayer laser re-melting). The capabilities afforded by hybrid-AM are rewriting the design rules for materials and adding a new dimension in the design for additive manufacturing paradigm. This work focuses on hybrid-AM processes, which are defined as the use of additive manufacturing (AM) with one or more ...


Manufacturing Process Simulation – On Its Way To Industrial Application, Dennis Otten, Tobias A. Weber, Jan-Christoph Arent Mar 2018

Manufacturing Process Simulation – On Its Way To Industrial Application, Dennis Otten, Tobias A. Weber, Jan-Christoph Arent

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Manufacturing process simulation (MPS) has become more and more important for aviation and the automobile industry. A highly competitive market requires the use of high performance metals and composite materials in combination with reduced manufacturing cost and time as well as a minimization of the time to market for a new product. However, the use of such materials is expensive and requires sophisticated manufacturing processes. An experience based process and tooling design followed by a lengthy trial-and-error optimization is just not contemporary anymore. Instead, a tooling design process aided by simulation is used more often. This paper provides an overview ...


In-Situ Measurements Of The Elastic Modulus Of Zirconia Polycrystals Held In A State Of Flash Induced By An Electric Field, Rushi Keshav Kathiria Jan 2018

In-Situ Measurements Of The Elastic Modulus Of Zirconia Polycrystals Held In A State Of Flash Induced By An Electric Field, Rushi Keshav Kathiria

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A recently discovered sintering mechanism called flash sintering where densification of a green ceramic compact happens in seconds rather than hours is the interest of this work. A rather interesting result is found at the end of this work about the effect of flash on the elastic modulus of 3mol% Yttria-Partially stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) during flash. To interpret the relation between

natural frequency and elastic modulus of a cantilever beam,Euler-Bernoulli beam theory coupled with a spring mass damper system was used. Fast Fourier Transform and Finite Element Analysis were employed to analyze the material vibrations and measure the change ...


Experimental Validation For The Theory Of Blisters’ Instabilities, Hongtian Zhu Jan 2018

Experimental Validation For The Theory Of Blisters’ Instabilities, Hongtian Zhu

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Blister formation is a universal problem that can be witnessed within a wide range of contents. It is first documented as a side effect of syringomyelia and other diseases. Later on, the forming of blisters are also observed during the cell apoptosis, which leads to the hypothesis that it could have some intricate relationships with the death of living organisms. Other than biological problems, blister forming is also a common phenomenon in thin film technologies. Therefore, the research in the forming of blisters is essential and critical in both engineering and science fields.

In this thesis, we study the problem ...


Tissue Stresses In Stented Coronary Arteries With Different Geometries: Effect Of The Relation Between Stent Length And Lesion Length, Xiang Shen, Song Ji, Yong-Quan Deng, Hong-Fei Zhu, Jia-Bao Jiang, Linxia Gu Jan 2018

Tissue Stresses In Stented Coronary Arteries With Different Geometries: Effect Of The Relation Between Stent Length And Lesion Length, Xiang Shen, Song Ji, Yong-Quan Deng, Hong-Fei Zhu, Jia-Bao Jiang, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

In-stent restenosis after stent deployment remains an obstruction in the long-term benefits of stenting. This study sought to investigate the influence of the relation between stent length and lesion length on the mechanics of the arterial wall with different geometries, including straight and tapered vessels. Results showed that when the length of the stent was longer than the lesion length, the maximum stress in plaque and vessel increased as the length of stent increased. When the length of the stent was shorter than the lesion length, the vessel stress induced by stent inflation was lower; both ends of the stenosis ...


Wear Evolution And Stress Distribution Of Single Cbn Superabrasive Grain In High-Speed Grinding, Jingwei Wang, Tianyu Yu, Wenfeng Ding, Yucan Fu, Ashraf F. Bastawros Jan 2018

Wear Evolution And Stress Distribution Of Single Cbn Superabrasive Grain In High-Speed Grinding, Jingwei Wang, Tianyu Yu, Wenfeng Ding, Yucan Fu, Ashraf F. Bastawros

Aerospace Engineering Publications

In this study, both finite element analysis (FEA) and experimental observations were used to investigate the single CBN grain wear in high-speed grinding of Inconel 718 superalloy. The wear characteristics for each grinding pass were numerically assessed utilizing the tensile and compressive strength limits of the cutting grain. Additionally, stress distribution within the grain, chip formation and grinding force evolution during multiple passes were investigated. The combined experimental and numerical results show that the CBN grain wear has two major modes: the macro fracture on the grain top surface propagating from the rake surface, and the micro fracture near the ...


A Scientific Approach To Understanding The Head Trauma Endured By A Mixed Martial Arts Fighter, John William Michael Sorbello Jan 2018

A Scientific Approach To Understanding The Head Trauma Endured By A Mixed Martial Arts Fighter, John William Michael Sorbello

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to gain some insight on the type of head trauma an athlete may encounter during mixed martial arts (MMA) competition. These athletes endure continuous blows to the head throughout their training and fighting career. The knowledge obtained from this research may assist MMA athletes and trainers in assessing the way they train, how they compete and, more importantly, how long they choose to compete in their amateur or professional MMA career.

The analysis is performed by first creating a three-dimensional solid model of the human head based on geometric coordinates originally obtained from a ...


Characterizing Anisotropy In Fibrous Soft Materials By Mr Elastography Of Slow And Fast Shear Waves, John Larson Schmidt Dec 2017

Characterizing Anisotropy In Fibrous Soft Materials By Mr Elastography Of Slow And Fast Shear Waves, John Larson Schmidt

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The general objective of this work was to develop experimental methods based on magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) to characterize fibrous soft materials. Mathematical models of tissue biomechanics capable of predicting injury, such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), are of great interest and potential. However, the accuracy of predictions from such models depends on accuracy of the underlying material parameters. This dissertation describes work toward three aims. First, experimental methods were designed to characterize fibrous materials based on a transversely isotropic material model. Second, these methods are applied to characterize the anisotropic properties of white matter brain tissue ex vivo. Third ...


Finite Strain Micromorphic Elasticity, Elastoplasticity, And Dynamics For Multiscale Finite Element Analysis, Farhad Shahabi Jan 2017

Finite Strain Micromorphic Elasticity, Elastoplasticity, And Dynamics For Multiscale Finite Element Analysis, Farhad Shahabi

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study stands as an attempt to consider the micro-structure of materials in a continuum framework by the aid of micromorphic continuum theory in the sense of Eringen. Since classical continuum mechanics do not account for the micro-structural characteristics of materials, they cannot be used to address the macroscopic mechanical response of all micro-structured materials. In the "representative volume element (RVE)" based methods, classical continuum mechanics may be applied to analyze mechanical deformation and stresses of materials at the relevant micro-structural length-scale (such as grains of a polycrystalline metal, or sand, or metal matrix composite, etc), but when applying standard ...


Finite Element Simulation And Additive Manufacturing Of Stiffness-Matched Niti Fixation Hardware For Mandibular Reconstruction Surgery, Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, David Dean, Haluk E. Karaca, Mohammad Elahinia Dec 2016

Finite Element Simulation And Additive Manufacturing Of Stiffness-Matched Niti Fixation Hardware For Mandibular Reconstruction Surgery, Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, David Dean, Haluk E. Karaca, Mohammad Elahinia

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Process parameters and post-processing heat treatment techniques have been developed to produce both shape memory and superelastic NiTi using Additive Manufacturing. By introducing engineered porosity, the stiffness of NiTi can be tuned to the level closely matching cortical bone. Using additively manufactured porous superelastic NiTi, we have proposed the use of patient-specific, stiffness-matched fixation hardware, for mandible skeletal reconstructive surgery. Currently, Ti-6Al-4V is the most commonly used material for skeletal fixation devices. Although this material offers more than sufficient strength for immobilization during the bone healing process, the high stiffness of Ti-6Al-4V implants can cause stress shielding. In this paper ...


Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Viscous Pressure Forming (Vpf) Process For Metal Bellows, Zhongjin Wang, Nan Xiang, Chunjun Dai Oct 2016

Numerical And Experimental Investigation Of Viscous Pressure Forming (Vpf) Process For Metal Bellows, Zhongjin Wang, Nan Xiang, Chunjun Dai

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modeling Of Lightning-Induced Thermal Ablation Damage In Anisotropic Composite Materials And Its Application To Wind Turbine Blades, Yeqing Wang Aug 2016

Modeling Of Lightning-Induced Thermal Ablation Damage In Anisotropic Composite Materials And Its Application To Wind Turbine Blades, Yeqing Wang

Theses and Dissertations

A primary motivation for this research comes from the need to improve the ability of polymer-matrix composites to withstand lightning strikes. In particular, we are concerned with lightning strike damage in composite wind turbine blades. The direct effects of lightning strike on polymer-matrix composites often include rapid temperature rise, melting or burning at the lightning attachment points, and mechanical damage due to lightning-induced magnetic force and acoustic shock wave. The lightning strike damage accumulation problem is essentially multiphysic. The lightning plasma channel discharges an electric current up to 200 kA, inducing a severe heat flux at the surface of the ...


Analytical Investigation Of Fretting Wear With Special Emphasis On Stress Based Models, Arnab Jyoti Ghosh Mar 2016

Analytical Investigation Of Fretting Wear With Special Emphasis On Stress Based Models, Arnab Jyoti Ghosh

Open Access Dissertations

Fretting refers to the minute oscillatory motion between two surfaces in contact under an applied normal load. It can cause either surface or subsurface initiated failure resulting in either fatigue or wear or both. Two distinct regimes – partial slip and gross slip are typically observed in fretting contacts. Due to the nature of contact, various factors such as wear debris, oxidation, surface roughness, humidity etc. effect failures caused due to fretting. A number of different techniques have been developed to quantify fretting damage and several numerical models are proposed to predict damage due to fretting. Fretting wear also depends on ...


Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno Jan 2016

Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno

Masters Theses

"Flexural slip is considered to be an important folding mechanism contributing in the development of different folds such as chevron, and kink-band buckle folds. Various filed studies have provided a general conceptual and qualitative understanding of flexural slip. However, quantitative evidence of the importance of the flexural slip mechanism during fold evolution is sparse, as the actual amount of surface parallel displacement, and timing, is difficult to measure accurately, due to the lack of suitable strain markers.

In this study 2D finite element analysis is used to overcome these disadvantages and to simulate flexural slip during viscoelastic buckle folding. Variations ...


Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng Jan 2016

Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng

Masters Theses

"Fused deposition modeling (FDM) technology has been used in additive manufacturing for years and is able to significantly reduce both manufacturing time and cost for production tooling and end-use parts. Autoclave molding is one of the conventional tools used to produce composite parts. In autoclave molding, the soft composite material is positioned on the molding tool, and then subjected to vacuum and elevated temperatures to facilitate the curing of the resin. With additive manufacturing (AM), it is possible to fabricate the molding tool with a sparse internal structure, thereby reducing the fabrication time and cost compared to a solid tool ...


Numerical Simulation Of Continuous Rotary Extrusion Of Magnesium Az91 Alloy, Nijenthan Rajendran Jan 2016

Numerical Simulation Of Continuous Rotary Extrusion Of Magnesium Az91 Alloy, Nijenthan Rajendran

Theses and Dissertations

Continuous Rotary Extrusion (CRE) is well known process known also under Conform name used for extrusion of Aluminum and Copper alloys. Magnesium is the lightest major engineering construction metal, and due to its good mechanical properties, it has been used increasingly as a substitute for aluminum and steel in particularly aerospace and automotive industries. Magnesium alloys are difficult to deform at room temperature due to its hexagonal crystal structure. Therefore, Magnesium has to be processed at elevated temperature in order to take advantage of the increased ductility at these temperatures. From the literature survey it is clear that better mechanical ...


Methodology For Analyzing Epoxy-Cnt Phononic Crystals For Wave Attenuation And Guiding, Madhu Kolati Jan 2016

Methodology For Analyzing Epoxy-Cnt Phononic Crystals For Wave Attenuation And Guiding, Madhu Kolati

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Phononic crystals (PhnCs) control, direct and manipulate sound waves to achieve wave guiding and attenuation. This dissertation presents methodology for analyzing nanotube materials based phononic crystals to achieve control over sound, vibration and stress mitigation. Much of the analytical work presented is in identifying frequency band gaps in which sound or vibration cannot propagate through these PhnCs. Wave attenuation and mitigation analysis is demonstrated using finite element simulation. Engineering principles from current research areas of solid mechanics, solid-state physics, elasto-dynamics, mechanical vibrations and acoustics are employed for the methodology. A considerable effort is put to show that these PhnCs can ...


Computational Assessment Of Neural Probe And Brain Tissue Interface Under Transient Motion, Michael Polanco, Sebastian Bawab, Hangsoon Yoon Jan 2016

Computational Assessment Of Neural Probe And Brain Tissue Interface Under Transient Motion, Michael Polanco, Sebastian Bawab, Hangsoon Yoon

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The functional longevity of a neural probe is dependent upon its ability to minimize injury risk during the insertion and recording period in vivo, which could be related to motion-related strain between the probe and surrounding tissue. A series of finite element analyses was conducted to study the extent of the strain induced within the brain in an area around a neural probe. This study focuses on the transient behavior of neural probe and brain tissue interface with a viscoelastic model. Different stages of the interface from initial insertion of neural probe to full bonding of the probe by astro-glial ...


Effect Of Poisson’S Ratio On Material Properties Characterization By Nanoindentation With A Cylindrical Flat Tip Indenter, Md Mehadi Hassan Jan 2016

Effect Of Poisson’S Ratio On Material Properties Characterization By Nanoindentation With A Cylindrical Flat Tip Indenter, Md Mehadi Hassan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nano indentation technology is commonly used to determine the mechanical properties of different kinds of engineering materials. The young’s modulus of the materials can be calculated with the load depth data obtained from an indentation test with a known Poisson’s ratio. In this investigation the NANOVEA micro/nanoindentation tester with a cylindrical flat-tip indenter will be used to find the elastic modulus, hardness and Pile up. Low carbon steel AISI1018, alloy steel AISI 4340 and aluminum alloy 6061 were selected for the case study. Finite element (FE) analysis using axisymmetric 3-D models used to establish the relationship between ...


Effects Of Defects On The Performance Of Hierarchical Honeycomb Metamaterials Realized Through Additive Manufacturing, Kazi Moshiur Rahman Jan 2016

Effects Of Defects On The Performance Of Hierarchical Honeycomb Metamaterials Realized Through Additive Manufacturing, Kazi Moshiur Rahman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cellular metamaterials are of immense interest for many current engineering applications. Tailoring the structural organization of cellular structures leads to new metamaterials with superior properties providing lightweight and very strong/stiff structures. The incorporation of hierarchy to regular cellular structures enhances the properties and introduces novel tailorable metamaterials. For many complex cellular metamaterials, the only realistic manufacturing process is additive manufacturing (AM). The use of AM to manufacture large structures may lead to several types of defects during the manufacturing process, such as imperfect cell walls, irregular thickness, flawed joints, partially missing layers, and irregular elastic plastic behavior due to ...


Design Optimization Of Sandwich Core, Mohammad Tauhiduzzaman Jan 2016

Design Optimization Of Sandwich Core, Mohammad Tauhiduzzaman

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Ultralight sandwich structures comprising of low-density core with stiff facings have attracted significant research interest for their considerable weight saving applications. The aircraft industries are focusing on decreasing the structural mass to lower the manufacturing and operating costs. Design analysis of the sandwich cores using finite element analysis has been developed as a promising concept to feature sandwich structures with maximum strength, stiffness, and reduced weight. To obtain multifunctional behavior of sandwich panels, a profound investigation of geometrical and mechanical properties in the transverse plane is required because it is very susceptible to any kind loadings. Structural optimization is one ...


Manufacturing And Mechanics Of Polymer Matrix Composites, Md Shariful Islam Jan 2016

Manufacturing And Mechanics Of Polymer Matrix Composites, Md Shariful Islam

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Fiber-reinforced composite materials are widely used in the aerospace and automobile industries. Their strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios make them suitable to be used in spacecraft, especially as cryogenic tank materials. One of the focus of this dissertation is to investigate the application of woven carbon and Kevlar® fiber composites as cryogenic tank materials. Tensile, bending and short beam shear tests are performed on rectangular specimens at room temperature and after cryogenic exposure (-196°C). It is found that the mechanical properties of these composite materials do not degrade significantly due to cryogenic exposure. It is observed that the failure mode ...


A Finite Element Analysis Of Tibial Stem Geometry For Total Knee Replacements, Aaron Isidro Bautista Jun 2015

A Finite Element Analysis Of Tibial Stem Geometry For Total Knee Replacements, Aaron Isidro Bautista

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of tibial stem geometry on stress shielding of the tibia for patients with a total knee replacement. Finite element analysis was used to study different tibial stem geometry types, as well as a vast array of different geometric sizes. Both a peg and stem type geometry were analyzed and compared in order to determine what type geometry causes the least amount of stress shielding. A static loading condition with a dynamic loading factor of three was used for the system and the stress responses were analyzed at regions of interest ...


The Use Of Initial Imperfection Approach In Design Process And Buckling Failure Evaluation Of Axially Compressed Composite Cylindrical Shells May 2015

The Use Of Initial Imperfection Approach In Design Process And Buckling Failure Evaluation Of Axially Compressed Composite Cylindrical Shells

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Thin-walled cylindrical shells are susceptible to buckling failures caused by the axial compressive loading. During the design process or the buckling failure evaluation of axially-compressed cylindrical shells, initial geometric and loading imperfections are of important parameters for the analyses. Therefore, the engineers/designers are expected to well understand the physical behaviours of shell buckling to prevent unexpected serious failure in structures. In particular, it is widely reported that no efficient guidelines for modelling imperfections in composite structures are available. Knowledge obtained from the relevant works is open for updates and highly sought. In this work, we study the influence of ...


Enabling And Understanding Failure Of Engineering Structures Using The Technique Of Cohesive Elements, H. Jiang, Xiaosheng Gao, T. S. Srivatsan Apr 2015

Enabling And Understanding Failure Of Engineering Structures Using The Technique Of Cohesive Elements, H. Jiang, Xiaosheng Gao, T. S. Srivatsan

Dr. Xiaosheng Gao

In this paper, we describe a cohesive zone model for the prediction of failure of engineering solids and/or structures. A damage evolution law is incorporated into a three-dimensional, exponential cohesive law to account for material degradation under the influence of cyclic loading. This cohesive zone model is implemented in the finite element software ABAQUS through a user defined subroutine. The irreversibility of the cohesive zone model is first verified and subsequently applied for studying cyclic crack growth in specimens experiencing different modes of fracture and/or failure. The crack growth behavior to include both crack initiation and crack propagation ...


Shear Of Rubber Tube Springs, J. Suh, A. Gent, S. Kelly Apr 2015

Shear Of Rubber Tube Springs, J. Suh, A. Gent, S. Kelly

Dr. S. Graham Kelly

Rubber tube springs consist basically of cylindrical rubber tubes bonded on their inner and outer curved surfaces to rigid cylindrical tubes. They are widely used as flexible linkages, for example in vehicle suspensions. Rotation of one rigid tube with respect to the other about their common axis subjects the rubber tube to azimuthal shear. Displacement of one rigid tube with respect to the other along their common axis puts the rubber tube into axial shear. Using FEA, we have calculated the stresses set up in both cases, for a long rubber tube of a non-linearly elastic (neo-Hookean) material. The results ...


Osteoarthritis Induced Glenoid Morphology And Bone Quality: An Evaluation Of Augmented Glenoid Components, Nikolas K. Knowles Apr 2015

Osteoarthritis Induced Glenoid Morphology And Bone Quality: An Evaluation Of Augmented Glenoid Components, Nikolas K. Knowles

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Osteoarthritis of the glenoid results in regional bone density variations and bone loss that may compromise early component fixation and support. The two common morphologies, symmetric and asymmetric erosion, were characterized by bone density and morphology, and assessed on the basis of bone removal and bone quality in the context of augmented glenoid components. The bone strain field was also compared when different augmented glenoid components underwent simulated joint loading using finite element analysis.

Asymmetrically eroded glenoids were found to have denser bone (p