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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Plasma Surface Functionalization Of Afp Manufactured Composites For Improved Adhesive Bond Performance, Ibrahim Sarikaya Apr 2019

Plasma Surface Functionalization Of Afp Manufactured Composites For Improved Adhesive Bond Performance, Ibrahim Sarikaya

Theses and Dissertations

High-performance composite structures not only require a reliable fabrication process when creating primary structures, but also a high fidelity and repeatable bonding process for the assembled components. During the assembly process, surface contaminants are a major concern as they have the potential to compromise the bond quality resulting in poor bond strength, low failure load, and undesirable failure modes of the adhesively bonded structures. This is further complicated by composite materials inherently possessing low surface energy and thus exhibiting low adhesive property. Therefore, detecting and removing contaminants on the pre-bond composite surface is an active research topic in pursuit of ...


Structural Health Monitoring And Non-Destructive Inspection Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Asaad Qasim Migot Apr 2019

Structural Health Monitoring And Non-Destructive Inspection Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Asaad Qasim Migot

Theses and Dissertations

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) and Nondestructive Testing (NDT) techniques are being used as effective tools for investigating variety of civil, mechanical, and aerospace applications. In recent years, these techniques become such incredible tools for continuously monitoring of various structures. The aim of the dissertation work is to develop SHM and NDT methodologies for acoustic emission sources localization, damage detection and quantification in metallic and composite structures using a network of sensors, guided wave and developed imaging methods. This work is implemented through preparing metallic and composite specimens, setting up experiments, designing efficient networks of sensors, modeling guided wave interaction with ...


Understanding The Strain Localization And Progressive Damage Growth At The Free-Edge Of Composite Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation, Addis Tessema Apr 2019

Understanding The Strain Localization And Progressive Damage Growth At The Free-Edge Of Composite Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation, Addis Tessema

Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the mechanics of Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRC) that guide the design and optimization of laminate structures, have attracted numerous researchers. For the last five decades, various analytical and numerical models have been developed to understand the damage and failure mechanisms in FRC. For long, Classical laminate plate theory (CLPT) has majorly been used as a theoretical guide in the design of composite structures. The CLPT framework is developed based on the consideration of an infinitesimal wide plate that depicts a planar stress condition. Thus, as it considers only the planar stresses, the out of plane interlaminar stresses are absent ...


Acoustoelastic Metamaterial With Simultaneous Noise Filtering And Energy Harvesting Capability From Ambient Vibrations, Fariha Mir Apr 2019

Acoustoelastic Metamaterial With Simultaneous Noise Filtering And Energy Harvesting Capability From Ambient Vibrations, Fariha Mir

Theses and Dissertations

Harvesting unused and untapped energy from ambient vibration noise and acoustic sound waves is an emerging field of research in the recent years. Utilization of the energy with a wide band of the frequency spectrum from the vibrational sources alone stands as one of the most promising ways to power small electronic devices, smartphones, local structural health monitoring (SHM) sensors and home and workshop appliances. Various sources of ambient vibration and acoustic noise can be found around us in our everyday life. These sources are abundant in almost all the engineering industries and manufacturing facilities for example in aerospace, mechanical ...


Development Of Scalable And Tunable Super- Hydrophilic And - Hydrophobic Coatings On The Cu Substrate For Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications, Raikan Saad Dawas Apr 2019

Development Of Scalable And Tunable Super- Hydrophilic And - Hydrophobic Coatings On The Cu Substrate For Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications, Raikan Saad Dawas

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study is to enhance and sustain the thin liquid film evaporation (TLFE) as well as dropwise condensation (DWC) on scalable copper substrates. The current dissertation consists of two sections. The objective of the first section is to enhance the dry cooling technology which is widely used in industrial applications such as in the air side of power plants, AC unit, or electronic cooling. However, the thermal dissipation performance is limited with low heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) due to the low thermal conductivity and density of the air. Inspired by the phase change heat transfer during the ...


Cpu Cooling Pulse Device For Enhanced Heat Transfer, Hannah Farabee, Noémie L. Iñiguez, Hugo Nunez, Wendy Zwanka Apr 2019

Cpu Cooling Pulse Device For Enhanced Heat Transfer, Hannah Farabee, Noémie L. Iñiguez, Hugo Nunez, Wendy Zwanka

Senior Theses

Ice Dragon Cooling is a company which researches thermofluids and heat transfer technologies. The company’s present research focuses on HVAC and computer applications, with an emphasis on nanofluid development. To support Ice Dragon’s mission, the company wants a product that enhances heat transfer efficiency in liquid-cooled CPU systems. The product is to be a pulse device which increases the turbulence of a liquid across a computer CPU cooling block, thereby expediting heat transfer away from the CPU.

The needs for Ice Dragon Cooling were determined based on engineering knowledge and industry consultation. After further analysis, it was determined ...


Friction Stir Additive Manufacturing(Fsam) Of 2050 Al-Cu-Li Alloy, Ilana Lu Apr 2019

Friction Stir Additive Manufacturing(Fsam) Of 2050 Al-Cu-Li Alloy, Ilana Lu

Theses and Dissertations

As a solid state process, friction stir welding (FSW) is an advantageous joining method for higher strength aluminum alloys such as 2050 Al-Cu-Li which are not readily fusion welded. This study explores the potential of friction stir lap welding (FSLW) as an additive manufacturing process for this aluminum-lithium alloy. To accomplish this, lap weld joints were performed so that each additional layer would penetrate the preceding weld pass which creates a large, stacked build. Excess material is machined away leaving only weld. Cast AA2050 is explored in this study as a more cost-efficient feedstock for this process as compared to ...


Experimental Investigation Of Two-Phase (Gas/Liquid) Flow In Intermediate Sized, Horizontal And Inclined Pipes, Noble C. Anumbe Oct 2018

Experimental Investigation Of Two-Phase (Gas/Liquid) Flow In Intermediate Sized, Horizontal And Inclined Pipes, Noble C. Anumbe

Theses and Dissertations

Multiphase flow models and correlations are indispensable tools for the design and operation of vital flow systems that power various industries. The development, validation and tuning of these flow models & correlations depend on the availability of reliable and accurate data. This dissertation reports on an experimental campaign that not only generated crucial two-phase flow data but also evaluated the effect of inclination angle on several flow parameters of interest. The report details the experimental investigation of upward, adiabatic, co-current two-phase (gas/liquid) flow through a 101.6 mm inner diameter (ID) pipe. Experimental data for the investigation were acquired using ...


Topological Conduction And Investigation On Multi Occurrence Of Dirac Cone, Mustahseen Mobashwer Indaleeb Oct 2018

Topological Conduction And Investigation On Multi Occurrence Of Dirac Cone, Mustahseen Mobashwer Indaleeb

Theses and Dissertations

The unique phenomena in acoustic metamaterial at the Dirac-like cone, and at the exceptional spawning ring could transform the field of engineering with multiple new applications that were never possible before. Localized conical dispersion called Dirac cone at the Brillouin Zone boundaries are the well-known phenomena demonstrated by photonics and phononic metamaterials. However, Dirac cone-like dispersion at the center of the Brillouin zone (where wave number, k = 0) [1] is rare and only happens due to accidental degeneracy at finite frequencies in two-dimensional periodic crystals (PCs), with or without microarchitectures. Accidental degeneracies are generally the ‘sweet spots’ where the time-reversal ...


Ultrasonic Analysis And Tools For Quantitative Material State Awarness Of Engineered Materials, Subir Patra Oct 2018

Ultrasonic Analysis And Tools For Quantitative Material State Awarness Of Engineered Materials, Subir Patra

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to devise new methods and tools to generate real time awareness of the material state of composite and metallic structures through ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and structural health monitoring (SHM) at its very early stage of failure. To device new methodology it is also important to verify the method through virtual experiments and hence computational NDE is getting popular in the recent years. In this thesis, while experimental methodology is developed to understand the material state at its early stage of failure, a new peridynamic based Peri-Elastodynamic (PED) computational method is also developed for ...


Optimization Of Microfluidic Chip Fabrication Via Femtosecond Laser Ablation, Kenneth Aycock Apr 2018

Optimization Of Microfluidic Chip Fabrication Via Femtosecond Laser Ablation, Kenneth Aycock

Senior Theses

Microfluidic devices have become staple tools in biomedical research and have a promising future as low cost, point-of-care (POC) diagnostic devices. Despite the advancements in microfluidic device technology, the manipulation and fabrication of these systems can be tedious and expensive. Repeatable techniques in which computer-aided designs are translated into microfluidic systems in a matter of minutes are highly desirable both for researchers and manufacturers. Laser ablation of tape substrates has shown promise in producing cost-effective, rapidly manipulable devices, but the work done thus far has utilized continuous wave lasers that perform suboptimally due to the relatively short wavelengths used and ...


Effect Of Material Orientation On The Impact Response Of Graded Cellular Materials, Abigail Wohlford Jan 2018

Effect Of Material Orientation On The Impact Response Of Graded Cellular Materials, Abigail Wohlford

Theses and Dissertations

In this study, the effect of layer stacking on the energy absorption characteristics of density-graded cellular polymers subjected to high velocity impact is investigated experimentally. The focus in the present work is to characterize the constitutive response and deformation mechanisms of these Functionally Graded Foam Materials (FGFM) using full-field measurements. Uniform foam Quasi-static and dynamic testing of uniform foam specimens are completed for each nominal density used in the layered foam samples. The low strain-rate experiments are performed in order to determine the mechanical properties of foam specimens. The high-rate experiments for homogenous foam specimens were completed to further characterize ...


Analysis Of Pellet-Cladding Mechanical Interaction On U3si2 Fuel With A Multi-Layer Sic Cladding Using Bison, Ray A. Freeman Jan 2018

Analysis Of Pellet-Cladding Mechanical Interaction On U3si2 Fuel With A Multi-Layer Sic Cladding Using Bison, Ray A. Freeman

Theses and Dissertations

U3Si2 is currently being considered as a possible replacement for the current light water reactor fuel, UO2. U3Si2’s high melting temperature, high uranium density, and high thermal conductivity are favorable in accident conditions, such as a loss of coolant accident. Improved accident performance is further expected when paired with a SiC/SiC cladding, since it provides relatively high strength and a high oxidation resistance.

Modeling of U3Si2 and SiC/SiC in reactor is currently very important since much of their behavior is still unknown. By implementing models that describe the properties of U3Si2 and SiC/SiC into INL’s ...


System Optimization And Material Development Of Solid Oxide Cells For Energy Conversion And Storage, Libin Lei Jan 2018

System Optimization And Material Development Of Solid Oxide Cells For Energy Conversion And Storage, Libin Lei

Theses and Dissertations

Solid oxide cells (SOCs) can convert chemical energy to electricity in the fuel cell mode and store electricity to chemicals in the electrolysis mode. However, there are still critical barriers, such as energy efficiency and durability, for the development and commercialization of SOCs. The objective of this dissertation is to apply system optimization and materials design to address the critical barriers for solid oxide cells in energy conversion and energy storage applications. One major focus of the dissertation is related to improve energy efficiency, enhance the cell performance and achieve multifunctionality in solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs). In addition, development ...


Development Of Advanced Mixed Electronic And Carbonate Ion Conducting Membranes And Reactors For Combined Co2 Capture And Conversion, Jie Fang Jan 2018

Development Of Advanced Mixed Electronic And Carbonate Ion Conducting Membranes And Reactors For Combined Co2 Capture And Conversion, Jie Fang

Theses and Dissertations

Global warming and climate change resulted from CO2 emissions have been increasingly observed to impact our daily life and damage our economy in recent human history. To deal with this grand challenge, carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been established as a key technology to curb CO2 emission from fossil-fueled power plants. The core of the CCS technology is to capture CO2 at emission sources and geologically bury it for permanent storage or enhanced oil recovery (OER). As the first step of CCS, carbon capture technologies are currently being developed for three power-generation related combustion processes that are responsible for ...


Fundamentals Of Srcoo3 Based Oxygen-Deficient Perovskites As Cathodes For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Tianrang Yang Jan 2018

Fundamentals Of Srcoo3 Based Oxygen-Deficient Perovskites As Cathodes For Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Tianrang Yang

Theses and Dissertations

The local structure and oxygen stoichiometry in oxide systems have a profound impact on oxygen electrocatalysis encountered in metal-air batteries and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). However, this knowledge is often obtained under conditions different from the real working conditions of the material, resulting in misinterpretation and misunderstanding. This PhD dissertation aims to obtain the structure and oxygen stoichiometry information of a class of perovskite oxides under their real working conditions in solid oxide fuel cells. Several perovskite oxides were selected for the study: Sr0.9Y0.1CoO3- (SYC10), Sr0.9Y0.3CoO3- (SYC30), SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3- (SCN10) and SrCo0.9Ta0.1O3- ...


The Mechanical Properties And Deformation Behavior Of Heat Treated Versus As-Received Inconel X-750, Christopher Marsh Jan 2018

The Mechanical Properties And Deformation Behavior Of Heat Treated Versus As-Received Inconel X-750, Christopher Marsh

Theses and Dissertations

X-750 is a nickel-chromium based super alloy of usefulness in a wide variety of applications such as gas turbines, rocket engines, nuclear reactors, pressure vessels, tooling, and aircraft structures. Its good mechanical properties are due to the strengthening from precipitation of γ′ particles upon prior ageing heat treatment. In this work, the effect of such heat treatment on the mechanical properties, tensile behavior, and fracture mechanisms of X-750 was studied at various temperatures by comparing it with a non-aged, solution annealed X-750. Tensile tests were conducted from room temperatures up to 900 °C at three separate strain rates (10-3, 10-4 ...


Structural Health Monitoring Using Ultrasonic Guided Waves And Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, Faisal Haider Mohammad Jan 2018

Structural Health Monitoring Using Ultrasonic Guided Waves And Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, Faisal Haider Mohammad

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is organized in three major parts covering ardent and challenging research topics in structural health monitoring (SHM). Part I focuses on the theoretical and numerical analysis of acoustic emission (AE) guided waves in both Cartesian coordinates (2D) and cylindrical coordinates (3D) system using energy approach, which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been yet reported elsewhere. AE guided waves appear due to sudden energy release during incremental crack propagation in a plate. The Helmholtz decomposition approach is applied to the inhomogeneous elastodynamic Navier-Lame equation for both the displacement field and body forces. For the displacement field ...


High Temperature Compression Creep Of U3si2, Emil Angelo Cahanap Mercado Jan 2018

High Temperature Compression Creep Of U3si2, Emil Angelo Cahanap Mercado

Theses and Dissertations

As a result of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster in 2011, a push for increasing the safety of nuclear power plants was made through research grants funded through the United States Department of Energy via the Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) campaign. One of the focuses of the campaign is improving the accident tolerance of nuclear fuel during a loss of coolant accident.

A promising set of being researched from the ATF is Silicon Carbide (SiC) composite cladding and Uranium Silicide (U3Si2) fuel pellets. Under high temperatures, stresses, and times the creep deformation can play an important factor in pellet to ...


Physics-Based Approaches For Structural Health Monitoring And Nondestructive Evaluation With Ultrasonic Guided Waves, Md Yeasin Bhuiyan Jan 2018

Physics-Based Approaches For Structural Health Monitoring And Nondestructive Evaluation With Ultrasonic Guided Waves, Md Yeasin Bhuiyan

Theses and Dissertations

The engineering infrastructures have a growing demand for damage monitoring systems to avoid any potential risk of failure. Proper damage monitoring solutions are of a great interest to this growing demand. The structural health monitoring (SHM) and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) offer appropriate online and offline damage monitoring solutions for a variety of mechanical and civil infrastructures that includes unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), spaceships, commercial aircraft, ground transportation, wind turbines, nuclear spent fuel storage tanks, bridges, naval ships, and submarines. The fundamentals of the ultrasonic SHM and NDE consist of multi-disciplinary fields. The dissertation addresses SHM and NDE using ultrasonic guided ...


Effect Of Weak Adhesion Interface On Mechanical And Dielectric Properties Of Composite Materials, Prashant Katiyar Jan 2018

Effect Of Weak Adhesion Interface On Mechanical And Dielectric Properties Of Composite Materials, Prashant Katiyar

Theses and Dissertations

Interfaces are often the most critical part of the heterogeneous materials and their structures. Such interfaces appear a multiple length scales and significantly affect bulk properties in different material systems. Fiber reinforced composite materials are one such example of heterogeneous materials with interfaces at constituent scale (fiber-matrix interface and interphase) to laminate scale (secondary adhesive joints). Manufacturing induced defects and subsequent in-service damage at these interfaces can severely affect the durability of fiber reinforced laminated composite materials and their joints. In addition to lamination process, defects can also form during secondary joining process (e.g., adhesive bonding and repair) which ...


Combustion Behavior Of Sub-Millimeter Sized Oxygenated And N-Alkane Fuel Droplets, Mohammad Fahd Ebna Alam Jan 2018

Combustion Behavior Of Sub-Millimeter Sized Oxygenated And N-Alkane Fuel Droplets, Mohammad Fahd Ebna Alam

Theses and Dissertations

The primary scientific explorations of this thesis work are to better understand (a) microgravity fire-suppression of untested extinguisher, (b) combustion kinetic model refinement of renewable fuel butanol (C4H9OH) isomers, and (c) directly induced cool flame dynamics of higher n-alkane fuels from an isolated small droplet combustion perspective employing computational fluid dynamics with comprehensive chemical kinetics. The chronological development of the research direction shifts from a relatively small fuel like methanol (CH3OH) to heavier straight paraffinic fuel n-decane (n-C10H22). The first installment of the thesis is directed towards answering the feasibility of thennewly considered fire suppressant xenon (Xe) for microgravity space ...


Multiscale Deformation And Failure Behavior Of Polymer Bonded Explosives Subjected To High Rate Loading, Suraj Muthiramalil Ravindran Jan 2018

Multiscale Deformation And Failure Behavior Of Polymer Bonded Explosives Subjected To High Rate Loading, Suraj Muthiramalil Ravindran

Theses and Dissertations

Polymer bonded explosives (PBX) are heterogeneous granular composites with a high-volume fraction of solid. Typically, they contain 80-95% explosive crystals and 5- 20% soft polymer binder. These materials are subjected to different loading conditions during their service life. The main function of the soft binder is to reduce shock sensitivity to prevent an accidental explosion. However, there have been inadvertent detonations in these materials during transportation and handling. The reason for such unintentional explosion is not well understood. It is commonly accepted that the formation of local hightemperature regions, called ‘hot spots’, is the primary cause. Hotspot formation is associated ...


Characterization Of Evaporation/Condensation During Pool Boiling And Flow Boiling, Mostafa Mobli Jan 2018

Characterization Of Evaporation/Condensation During Pool Boiling And Flow Boiling, Mostafa Mobli

Theses and Dissertations

Present dissertation has investigated pool and flow boiling and their characteristics via numerical means. A code was developed to investigate and enhance heat transfer performance during different modes of phase change phenomena. Multiphase heat transfer has proven to be one of the most effective means of heat transfer in different industries, therefore, there have been numerous experimental and numerical studies on the subject of phase change phenomena in a wide range of conditions and setups; yet there are complex bubble dynamics and heat transfer characteristics that remain unresolved. To have a more detailed look at and a better understanding of ...


Acousto-Ultrasonic Shm/Nde Methods Toward Field Application, Stephen Harris Howden Jan 2018

Acousto-Ultrasonic Shm/Nde Methods Toward Field Application, Stephen Harris Howden

Theses and Dissertations

Acousto-ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and structural health monitoring (SHM) methods offers solutions in damage detection, material properties evaluation and more. These ultrasonic waves can propagate through solids and interact with structural features and discontinuities. In this thesis use of several acousto-ultrasonics NDE/SHM methods were explored to evaluate their sensing and detection capabilities toward damage detection field applications in nuclear and aerospace industries.

For nuclear applications, passive sensing using piezoelectric sensors and acoustic emission (AE) techniques were explored on the spent fuel dry storage casks. Dry storage casks are used in the nuclear industry to transport or store spent nuclear ...


Enhance Flow Boiling In Microchannels By Regulating Two-Phase Transport Patterns, Wenming Li Jan 2018

Enhance Flow Boiling In Microchannels By Regulating Two-Phase Transport Patterns, Wenming Li

Theses and Dissertations

Flow boiling in microchannels is one of the most promising cooling techniques for microelectronics. Using latent heat by vaporization can significantly improve heat dissipation of high power density electronic devices. Most of the failure of electronic devices is induced by the occurrence of critical heat flux (CHF), which defines the maximum operating conditions. However, the vigorous rapid generation of vapor through phase change leads to chaotic two-phase flows in microchannels, resulting in flowinstability in terms of severe flow, temperature and pressure drop fluctuations. Particularly, the very well-known bubble confinement exacerbates the two-phase flow instabilities and greatly deteriorates heat transfer performance ...


Monitoring The Progress Of Damage In A Sicf-Sicm Composite Nuclear Fuel Cladding Under Internal Pressure Using Acoustic Emission, Luis H. Alva Jan 2018

Monitoring The Progress Of Damage In A Sicf-Sicm Composite Nuclear Fuel Cladding Under Internal Pressure Using Acoustic Emission, Luis H. Alva

Theses and Dissertations

The relation between the progress of damage and the acoustic emission (AE) activity of a nuclear grade Sif-SiCm composite tubing under internal pressure was studied. The nuclear grade Sif-SiCm composite tubing is manufactured by the company General Atomics (GA) and made of nuclear grade HI Nicalon type S fiber preforms following a chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) technique. Sif-SiCm composites are good candidates to replace current nuclear fuel cladding materials because of the good chemical stability and strength at high temperatures. In this work, a Sif-SiCm composite tubing was tested under internal pressure at room temperature (RT) to study the damage ...


Manufacturing Feature Recognition With 2d Convolutional Neural Networks, Yang Shi Jan 2018

Manufacturing Feature Recognition With 2d Convolutional Neural Networks, Yang Shi

Theses and Dissertations

Feature recognition is a critical sub-discipline of CAD/CAM that focuses on the design and implementation of algorithms for automated identification of manufacturing features. The development of feature recognition methods has been active for more than two decades for academic research. However, in this domain, there are still many drawbacks that hinder its practical applications, such as lack of robustness, inability to learn, limited domain of features, and computational complexity. The most critical one is the difficulty of recognizing interacting features, which arises from the fact that feature interactions change the boundaries that are indispensable for characterizing a feature. This ...


Enhanced Dropwise Condensation Via Wettability Contrast Mechanism, Mohammad Alwazzan Jan 2017

Enhanced Dropwise Condensation Via Wettability Contrast Mechanism, Mohammad Alwazzan

Theses and Dissertations

Condensation heat transfer performance can be improved by many methods including the most common used method, which is by increasing the droplet removal rate of the condensing surface. Commonly, this approached can be achieved by promoting a dropwise condensation mode in which super/hydrophobic coatings can be applied on the entire condenser surface to reduce the surface wettability degree. In this dissertation, two main approaches were adapted to enhance the condensation heat transfer performance of the condensing surface via wettability contrast mechanism. Three approaches of investigation were performed to better understand such dropwise condensation promoter methods.

In the first part ...


Instability In Nonequilibrium And Nonthermal Plasma Discharges, Rajib Mahamud Jan 2017

Instability In Nonequilibrium And Nonthermal Plasma Discharges, Rajib Mahamud

Theses and Dissertations

Microplasma, or plasma in micron scale interelectrode separation, is an effective way to attain nonthermal plasma operation at atmospheric and higher pressure. However, the small size causes the effect of other operating parameters to be crucial in stable operation and make the microplasma discharge system to be susceptible to instabilities. The two major instabilities that are commonly observed are the instability in the negative differential resistance (NDR) region and the Striations or the ionization waves. The physics and reaction kinetics of NDR instability for high pressure system is not well understood. This study pursues both experimental characterization and development of ...