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Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff 2016 The University Of Akron

Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff

Honors Research Projects

Self-centering, concentrically braced frames (SC-CBFs) are seismic-resistant lateral-load resisting systems for buildings that increase the lateral drift capacity in comparison to conventional CBFs. Two different substructures were examined on a six-story and a ten-story building to see which below grade structure was more efficient and how the flexibility from the addition of a basement compares to previous research of SC-CBFs structures without basements.

The study was completed in phases: modeling of forces in SAP2000, sizing of structural members, coding of structure into the modeling program Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (OpenSees), and comparison of the output data.

Substructure one ...


Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman 2016 Tufts University

Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

The goal of this book is to describe and analyze a powerful new tool to help shrinking cities: analytics, in particular, decision models. The poster child for decline, Detroit, Michigan, has been subject to much media and scholarly attention in recent years with its ongoing depopulation and recent bankruptcy filing. In a New York Times story on the city’s new mayor, the reporter asked the question: “Do services and infrastructure designed for all of this city’s 139 square miles still make sense with a population of 700,000 and stretches of blocks where only a few houses remain ...


Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Consistently increasing CO2 emission and ozone depletion from synthetic refrigerants are serious environmental issues challenging the scientific community. Absorption cooling systems give scope of utilizing low grade energy source for generating cooling effect. Solar energy is one of these low grade energy sources and with considering the fact that cooling demand increases with the intensity of solar radiation, solar refrigeration has been considered as a logical solution.

This thesis consists of two different simulation stages, in the first stage, a single effect lithium bromide absorption cooling system with constant cooling capacity is modeled and the effect of ambient and generator ...


Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner 2015 University of Southern California

Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on University of Southern California campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


High Temperature Oxidation Kinetics Of Dysprosium Particles, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt 2015 Boise State University

High Temperature Oxidation Kinetics Of Dysprosium Particles, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Rare earth elements have been recognized as critical materials for the advancement of many strategic and green technologies. Recently, the United States Department of Energy has invested many millions of dollars to enhance, protect, and forecast their production and management. The work presented here attempts to clarify the limited and contradictory literature on the oxidation behavior of the rare earth metal, dysprosium. Dysprosium particles were isothermally oxidized from 500 to 1000 °C in N2–(2%, 20%, and 50%) O2 and Ar–20% O2 using simultaneous thermal analysis techniques. Two distinct oxidation regions were identified at each isothermal ...


An Energy Cube Project For Teaching Engineering Design Process, Fionnuala C. Farrell, Shannon Chance, Micheal P. O'Flaherty 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology

An Energy Cube Project For Teaching Engineering Design Process, Fionnuala C. Farrell, Shannon Chance, Micheal P. O'Flaherty

Conference Papers

This year, the College of Engineering and the Built Environment at our institute inaugurated a new Common First Year design project module that helps inform students in the selection of a specific engineering discipline. Each student, prior to selecting their bachelor’s specialism, completes three group-based design projects: a bridge design project (to familiarise students with civil and structural engineering), a RoboSumo project (involving robotics, programming, electrical and electronics engineering), and an Energy Cube project (introducing fundamentals of mechanical, manufacturing and design, and building services engineering). This paper focuses on how the engineering design process was taught via the Energy ...


Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Electronics, sensors and energy storage devices are the new waves behind economic development, security and communication1. Engineering small sizes of electronic, sensors and energy storage devices is the hurdle limiting efficient, portable and vast applications of Nano-devices for economic, security and communication advancement2. Silicon the major material used in transistors has approached its limit to fabricated Nano-devices3. The discovery of free standing, one atomic layer thick and two-dimensional graphene sheets with high conductivity, inert, high specific surface area, stable and high tensile strength material in 2004 has shown capabilities to replaced silicon in electronics, sensors and energy ...


Tetrahedral Mesh Optimization And Generation Via Topological Transformations And Gradient Based Node Perturbation, Christopher B. Hilbert 2015 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Tetrahedral Mesh Optimization And Generation Via Topological Transformations And Gradient Based Node Perturbation, Christopher B. Hilbert

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

A general tetrahedral mesh optimization scheme utilizing both topological changes (i.e. flips) and gradient-based vertex optimization (i.e. smoothing) is demonstrated. This scheme is used in the optimization of tetrahedral meshes created by third-party software as well as a grid generation methodology created for this work. The particular algorithms involved are explained in detail including, an explication of the primary optimization metric, weighted condition number. In addition, a thorough literature review regarding tetrahedral mesh generation is given.


A Parallel Algorithm For Compression Of Big Next-Generation Sequencing Datasets, Sandino N. Vargas Perez, Fahad Saeed 2015 Western Michigan University

A Parallel Algorithm For Compression Of Big Next-Generation Sequencing Datasets, Sandino N. Vargas Perez, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

With the advent of high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, the amount of data being generated represents challenges including storage, analysis and transport of huge datasets. One solution to storage and transmission of data is compression using specialized compression algorithms. However, these specialized algorithms suffer from poor scalability with increasing size of the datasets and best available solutions can take hours to compress gigabytes of data. In this paper we introduce paraDSRC, a parallel implementation of DSRC algorithm using a message passing model that presents reduction of the compression time complexity by a factor of O(1/p ). Our experimental results ...


Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In locusts and other insects, odorants are transduced into electrical signal by the olfactory receptor neurons and transmitted to central circuits for further processing. Previous studies have shown that exogenous variables (e.g., flow rates, humidity, temperature, odor mixtures, etc.) can influence the responses of the sensory neurons and therefore modulate the central circuits. However, how the sensory neuron activity is manipulated to achieve adaptive gain control in the following circuit is yet to be understood. It is possible that the magnitude of the stimulus-evoked response in the receptor neurons, their spontaneous activity, or both of these factors can change ...


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr. 2015 Run At Space Productions

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr.

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

Many older cities in the United States confront the problem of long-term declines in population and economic activity resulting in blighted conditions that make conventional revitalization initiatives unlikely to succeed. Smart shrinkage, a planning approach that emphasizes alternative land uses while preserving quality of life, offers a way for cities to remain desirable places to live and work. However, there is little research on empirical methods to support planning decisions consistent with smart shrinkage.

We present results from two studies with planners from the City of Baltimore that provide novel insights regarding ways in which planners can perform vacant property ...


Jsish, Ryan Grasell 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Jsish, Ryan Grasell

Computer Science

For my senior project, I implemented Professor Keen’s JSish spec in C++. JSish is a subset of Javascript with support for execution from the command line and files.

I chose this project because I wanted to reinforce my programing language skills, learn C++, and gain a deeper understanding of garbage collection.

I quickly grew familiar with C++. My prior experience with both C and Java was a good enough introduction to let me hit the ground running. The biggest hurdle for me was the lack of garbage collection built into C++. I understood the principles of manual memory management ...


Resilience-Based Design Of Precast Steel-Concrete Composites For Railway Track Slabs, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Dane WP Griffin, Olivia Mirza, Kenny Kwok 2015 University of Birmingham

Resilience-Based Design Of Precast Steel-Concrete Composites For Railway Track Slabs, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Dane Wp Griffin, Olivia Mirza, Kenny Kwok

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

The relatively high turnover of timber sleepers (crossties in a plain track), bearers (skeleton ties in a turnout), and transoms (bridge cross beams) is responsible for producing greenhouse gas emissions 6 times greater than an equivalent reinforced concrete counterparts. This paper presents an innovative solution for the replacement of aging timber transoms installed on existing railway bridges along with the incorporation of a continuous walkway platform, which is proven to provide environmental, safety and financial benefits. Recent developments for alternative composite materials to replace timber components in railway infrastructure construction and maintenance demonstrate some compatibility issues with track stiffness as ...


Under Sleeper Pads: Field Investigation Of Their Role In Detrimental Impact Mitigation, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov 2015 University of Birmingham

Under Sleeper Pads: Field Investigation Of Their Role In Detrimental Impact Mitigation, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Under sleeper pads (USPs) are the component installed under the concrete sleepers generally to improve railway track resilience. Initial development in Europe, particularly in Austria, has encouraged the adoption of the component around the world. In practice, the component has commonly been used in certain applications, mainly to moderate track stiffness in special locations such as turnouts, crossings, and level crossing. In heavy haul operation, the heavier wagons result in sturdier bogie structures, higher unsprung mass, and then higher level of wheel-rail interaction forces. Accordingly, the application of USPs to mitigate detrimental impact load consequence on track structure is presented ...


Design Of Holes And Web Openings In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov 2015 University of Birmingham

Design Of Holes And Web Openings In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex M. Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

As the crosstie beam in railway track systems, the prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are principally designed in order to carry wheel loads from the rails to the ground. Their design takes into account static and dynamic loading conditions. It is evident that prestressed concrete has played a significant role as to maintain the high endurance of the sleepers under low to moderate repeated impact loads. In spite of the most common use of the prestressed concrete sleepers in railway tracks, there have always been many demands from rail engineers to improve serviceability and functionality of concrete sleepers. For ...


Collecting Multiple Data Points In A Thunderstorm Environment, Matthew Nelson 2015 Stratospheric Ballooning Association

Collecting Multiple Data Points In A Thunderstorm Environment, Matthew Nelson

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Collecting multiple data points in adverse conditions such as a thunderstorm presents a number of challenges in collecting and relaying data. Wireless sensor mesh networks is a proven method for extracting and relaying data in radio environments that may either be roving, in adverse conditions or both. This paper explores using wireless sensor mesh networks to collect atmospheric data that is present in a thunderstorm system to enable researchers to learn more from these systems. A wireless sensor mesh network is ideal since it is well suited for both moving and sensor nodes that are in adverse RF conditions. A ...


Directional Camera Control On High Altitude Balloons, Matthew M. Plewa, Brent Scharlau 2015 Iowa State University

Directional Camera Control On High Altitude Balloons, Matthew M. Plewa, Brent Scharlau

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

The research reported in this paper examined the design and control of a gimbal for solar eclipse tracking and video recording. The gimbal design required 3 axes of rotation to allow for full range of motion. Utilizing individual brushless motors for each of the axes ensure minimum rotational requirements on each axes. In controlling the gimbal, both a mathematical and visual method were utilized. The mathematical method is a modified version of what is currently used for solar array pointing. The visual method looks at where the position of the sun is within the image and determines what angle changes ...


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