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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Me-Em 2019-20 Annual Report, Department Of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University Sep 2020

Me-Em 2019-20 Annual Report, Department Of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics Annual Reports

able of Contents

  • Element 1
  • Element 2
  • Element 3
  • Element 4
  • Enrollment & Degrees
  • Graduates
  • Department
  • Alumni
  • Donors


Openfoam Dakota Interface, Anjali Sandip Aug 2020

Openfoam Dakota Interface, Anjali Sandip

Mechanical Engineering Posters and Presentation

Traditionally, multi-physics/phase simulation software programs lack tools for uncertainty quantification and optimization. More recently, there is a growing body of research that has integrated these tools into multi-physics/phase simulation software programs [1-4]. Building on this methodology, the study integrated open-source software programs, OpenFOAM [5] for multi-physics/phase simulations and DAKOTA [6] for optimization and uncertainty quantification. Furthermore, the coupled software was successfully applied to benchmarks. The overarching goal was to develop an open-source framework for multi-physics/phase simulations, optimization and uncertainty quantification. The applications of this open-source framework span several industries ranging from aerospace and energy to healthcare ...


Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh Apr 2020

Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Natural materials are made from weak constituents, yet exhibit an excellent synergy of high stiffness, strength, and damage-tolerance. They consist of alternate layers of the hard and soft phases with a complex hierarchical structural organization. The ice-templating technique provides an approach to fabricate multilayered architectures for engineering applications. In this technique, an aqueous ceramic suspension is solidified unidirectionally leading to phase separation into alternating layers of ice-crystals and ceramic particles. Ice-crystals are sublimated by freeze-drying process and resultant ceramic foams are sintered to impart strength. The fabricated sintered ceramic foams contain alternate layers of oriented ceramic lamella walls and pores ...


Dose Deposition And Electrostatic Charging Of Kapton Films Irradiated With Electrons, Youssef Abouhussien, Gennady Miloshevsky Jan 2020

Dose Deposition And Electrostatic Charging Of Kapton Films Irradiated With Electrons, Youssef Abouhussien, Gennady Miloshevsky

Graduate Research Posters

Kapton films are widely utilized in harsh radiation environments where radiation resistant insulating materials are required. For space applications, Kapton polymers are used on satellites as substrates for solar arrays and outer layers of thermal systems. Kapton is also used in nuclear power plants as wire insulation. Kapton materials can be exposed in nuclear reactors to a reactive chemical environment in addition to severe radiation. It is of utmost important to understand how Kapton materials behave under high irradiation conditions and mitigate radiation damage effects. High-energy electrons can deposit ionizing dose and electric charge deeply inside Kapton materials. The charge ...


A Facile, Fast, And Low-Cost Method For Fabrication Of Micro/Nano-Textured Superhydrophobic Surfaces, Amir Esmaeili, Noshin Mir, Reza Mohammadi Jan 2020

A Facile, Fast, And Low-Cost Method For Fabrication Of Micro/Nano-Textured Superhydrophobic Surfaces, Amir Esmaeili, Noshin Mir, Reza Mohammadi

Graduate Research Posters

Background

Alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) is frequently used in paper industry as an inexpensive sizing agent. The formation of a fractal structure after curing the solidified AKD for an extra-long time (4 - 6 days) results in superhydrophobicity. In this study, a facile and low-cost method was utilized to turn AKD’s surface superhydrophobic in a very short period of time.

Method

We fabricated a superhydrophobic layer by dipping glass and paper substrates in molten AKD and then treating them with ethanol after solidification. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Confocal ...


Spatio-Temporal Evolution Of Warm Dense Plasmas: Molecular Dynamics Modeling, Harrison Wenzel, Gennady Miloshevsky Jan 2020

Spatio-Temporal Evolution Of Warm Dense Plasmas: Molecular Dynamics Modeling, Harrison Wenzel, Gennady Miloshevsky

Graduate Research Posters

SPATIO-TEMPORAL EVOLUTION OF WARM DENSE PLASMAS: MOLECULAR

DYNAMICS MODELING Cole Wenzel and Gennady Miloshevsky

Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, 401

West Main St, Richmond, VA 23284-3015

The exo-atmospheric detonation of nuclear device would be of great impact on the material integrity of orbiting satellites. The spectral energy distribution of high intensity X-ray flux, ~10 28 -10 35 photons/(cm 2 ∙s), originating from a nuclear blast is described by the Planck's blackbody function with the temperature from 0.1 keV to 10 keV. Particular damage would occur to the multi-layered, solar cell panels of satellites ...


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Shielding Material, Vehicle Shape And Astronaut Position For Deep Space Travel, Daniel Bond, Braden Goddard, Robert Singleterry, Sama Bilbao Y Leon Jan 2020

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Shielding Material, Vehicle Shape And Astronaut Position For Deep Space Travel, Daniel Bond, Braden Goddard, Robert Singleterry, Sama Bilbao Y Leon

Graduate Research Posters

Background: As future crewed, deep space missions are being planned, it is important to assess how spacecraft design can be used to minimize radiation exposure. Collectively with shielding material, vehicle shape and astronaut position must be used to protect astronauts from the two primary sources of space radiation: Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCRs) and Solar Particle Events (SPEs).

Methods: The On-Line Tool for the Assessment of Radiation in Space (OLTARIS) version 4.1 analysis package is used to evaluate and analyze this detailed radiation field. Developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Langley Research Center, the tool enables ...


Perfusion Cell Seeding And Expansion In Dual Mechanical Stimulation Bioreactor For In Vitro Tissue Development, Sarah Saunders, Sam Coles, Joao S. Soares Jan 2020

Perfusion Cell Seeding And Expansion In Dual Mechanical Stimulation Bioreactor For In Vitro Tissue Development, Sarah Saunders, Sam Coles, Joao S. Soares

Graduate Research Posters

BACKGROUND: Engineered tissues are an exciting potential source of small diameter vascular grafts due to limited supply and patency of available alternatives. Engineered tissue vascular grafts (ETVGs) will provide physiological function that resembles native arteries and maintain the required mechanical properties as they integrate with host tissue. Mechanical stimulation during incubation encourages proper cell alignment and increases extracellular matrix deposition. The enhanced organization of the engineered tissue leads to improved compliance over synthetic alternatives without sacrificing strength and may lead to better integration in vivo.

METHODS: We have developed a bioreactor that mechanically trains grafts during incubation. To test the ...


Elastic Foundations As Heterogeneous Adventitial Boundary Condition For The Assessment Of Aortic Wall And Peri-Aortic Stiffness From Dense-Mri Data Using Inverse Fem Approach, Johane H. Bracamonte, John S. Wilson, Joao S. Soares Jan 2020

Elastic Foundations As Heterogeneous Adventitial Boundary Condition For The Assessment Of Aortic Wall And Peri-Aortic Stiffness From Dense-Mri Data Using Inverse Fem Approach, Johane H. Bracamonte, John S. Wilson, Joao S. Soares

Graduate Research Posters

Background: The establishment of in vivo, patient-specific, and regionally resolved techniques to quantify aortic properties is key for improving risk assessment in clinical practice and scientific understanding of cardiovascular growth and remodeling. Many in vivo studies quantify vascular stiffness using Pulse Wave Velocity. This method provides an averaged measure of stiffness for the entire aorta, ignoring variations in wall stiffness and boundary conditions. Previous studies using Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DENSE-MRI) suggested that the infrarenal abdominal aorta (IAA) deforms heterogeneously throughout the cardiac cycle.

Method: Herein, we hypothesize that the aortic wall strain heterogeneity is driven ...


Multi-Resonant Feedback Control Of Multiple Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Giorgio Bacelli, Ryan G. Coe, Umesh Korde Nov 2019

Multi-Resonant Feedback Control Of Multiple Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Giorgio Bacelli, Ryan G. Coe, Umesh Korde

Michigan Tech Patents

Multi-resonant control of a 3 degree-of-freedom (heave-pitch-surge) wave energy converter enables energy capture that can be in the order of three times the energy capture of a heave-only wave energy converter. The invention uses a time domain feedback control strategy that is optimal based on the criteria of complex conjugate control. The multi-resonant control can also be used to shift the harvested energy from one of the coupled modes to another, enabling the elimination of one of the actuators otherwise required in a 3 degree-of-freedom wave energy converter. This feedback control strategy does not require wave prediction; it only requires ...


Dimensions Fall 2019, Iowa State University Department Of Mechanical Engineering Oct 2019

Dimensions Fall 2019, Iowa State University Department Of Mechanical Engineering

Dimensions

No abstract provided.


Multi-Resonant Feedback Control Of A Single Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converter, David G. Wilson, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Jiajun Song, Giorgio Bacelli Sep 2019

Multi-Resonant Feedback Control Of A Single Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converter, David G. Wilson, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Jiajun Song, Giorgio Bacelli

Michigan Tech Patents

A multi-resonant wide band controller decomposes the wave energy converter control problem into sub-problems; an independent single-frequency controller is used for each sub-problem. Thus, each sub-problem controller can be optimized independently. The feedback control enables actual time-domain realization of multi-frequency complex conjugate control. The feedback strategy requires only measurements of the buoy position and velocity. No knowledge of excitation force, wave measurements, nor wave prediction is needed. As an example, the feedback signal processing can be carried out using Fast Fourier Transform with Hanning windows and optimization of amplitudes and phases. Given that the output signal is decomposed into individual ...


Model Predictive Control Of Parametric Excited Pitch-Surge Modes In Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Shangyan Zou, David G. Wilson, Giorgio Bacelli, Umesh Korde, Ryan G. Coe Sep 2019

Model Predictive Control Of Parametric Excited Pitch-Surge Modes In Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Shangyan Zou, David G. Wilson, Giorgio Bacelli, Umesh Korde, Ryan G. Coe

Michigan Tech Patents

A parametric excitation dynamic model is used for a three degrees-of-freedom (3-DOF) wave energy converter. Since the heave motion is uncoupled from the pitch and surge modes, the pitch-surge equations of motion can be treated as a linear time varying system, or a linear system with parametric excitation. In such case the parametric exciting frequency can be tuned to twice the natural frequency of the system for higher energy harvesting. A parametric excited 3-DOF wave energy converter can harvest more power, for both regular and irregular waves, compared to the linear 3-DOF. For example, in a Bretschneider wave, the harvested ...


Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Giorgio Bacelli, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Ryan G. Coe Jul 2019

Pseudo-Spectral Method To Control Three-Degree-Of-Freedom Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Giorgio Bacelli, Shangyan Zou, Rush D. Robinett Iii, David G. Wilson, Ryan G. Coe

Michigan Tech Patents

The invention provides optimal control of a three-degree-of-freedom wave energy converter using a pseudo-spectral control method. The three modes are the heave, pitch and surge. A dynamic model is characterized by a coupling between the pitch and surge modes, while the heave is decoupled. The heave, however, excites the pitch motion through nonlinear parametric excitation in the pitch mode. The invention can use a Fourier series as basis functions to approximate the states and the control. For the parametric excited case, a sequential quadratic programming approach can be implemented to numerically solve for the optimal control. The numerical results show ...


Generating Electrospray From A Ferrofluid, Lyon Bradley King Jun 2019

Generating Electrospray From A Ferrofluid, Lyon Bradley King

Michigan Tech Patents

An electrospray device for generating electrospray from a ferrofluid. The electrospray device includes an emitter, an extraction electrode, and a magnet. The emitter is configured to receive a ferrofluidic liquid. The extraction electrode includes an aperture and is positioned a first distance from the emitter. The magnet generates a magnetic field in a first direction toward the emitter. The magnetic field causes Rosensweig instability in the ferrofluidic liquid, and generates a ferrofluidic peak in the ferrofluidic liquid. The magnet is positioned a second distance from the emitter, and the emitter is positioned between the extraction electrode and the magnet. The ...


Agent-Based Microgrid Architecture For Generation Following Protocols, Steven Goldsmith May 2019

Agent-Based Microgrid Architecture For Generation Following Protocols, Steven Goldsmith

Michigan Tech Patents

A system for predicting power and loads over a single, relatively short time horizon. More specifically, a system comprising a Storage Agent (S-agent) Cohort within a grid control society, wherein the system expands G and L intra-cohort protocols to allow the S-cohort to participate in power management of the grid by scheduling storage components in source or load roles as determined by the time-varying state of the power imbalance and by the risk-adjusting capacity margin relationship between the G and L cohorts.


Dimensions Spring 2019, Iowa State University Department Of Mechanical Engineering Apr 2019

Dimensions Spring 2019, Iowa State University Department Of Mechanical Engineering

Dimensions

No abstract provided.


Optimal Control Of Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Shangyan Zou, Giorgio Bacelli, David G. Wilson, Umesh Korde Feb 2019

Optimal Control Of Wave Energy Converters, Ossama Abdelkhalik, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Shangyan Zou, Giorgio Bacelli, David G. Wilson, Umesh Korde

Michigan Tech Patents

A wave energy converter and method for extracting energy from water waves maximizes the energy extraction per cycle by estimating an excitation force of heave wave motion on the buoy, computing a control force from the estimated excitation force using a dynamic model, and applying the computed control force to the buoy to extract energy from the heave wave motion. Analysis and numerical simulations demonstrate that the optimal control of a heave wave energy converter is, in general, in the form of a bang-singular-bang control; in which the optimal control at a given time can be either in the singular ...


Mechanical Engineering Technology Newsletter 2019, Department Of Manufacturing And Mechanical Engineering Technology, Michigan Technological University Jan 2019

Mechanical Engineering Technology Newsletter 2019, Department Of Manufacturing And Mechanical Engineering Technology, Michigan Technological University

Department of Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering Technology Newsletters

Table of Contents

  • Where Racing Will Take Him
  • Irwin Wins Center for Teaching and Learning Instructional Award
  • Five MET Students Inducted into Epsilon Pi Tau Honor Society
  • 2018 and 2019 Scholarship Awards
  • 2018 Bob Mark Business Model Competition
  • Senior Design Projects
  • What's New?


Development Of An Electromechanical Valvetrain, Ryan Clarke, Emett Santucci, Isaac Yako, Joseph Mckeirnan Jan 2019

Development Of An Electromechanical Valvetrain, Ryan Clarke, Emett Santucci, Isaac Yako, Joseph Mckeirnan

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

The Electromechanical Valvetrain Conversion Team designed and implemented a new system to improve internal combustion engine performance and efficiency. This system replaces the traditional camshaft-based valvetrain with a computer-controlled pneumatic actuation system. This new system has the potential to reduce emissions without sacrificing the benefits which have made combustion engines a popular power source.


The Borrowbike, Martin Woodby, Grayson Taylor, Jesse Rubenstein, Aaron Leung, Jack Padon, Ryan Dehart Jan 2019

The Borrowbike, Martin Woodby, Grayson Taylor, Jesse Rubenstein, Aaron Leung, Jack Padon, Ryan Dehart

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

The BorrowBike is turning UP's bike rental system from an inconvenient process to a hassle-free swipe of a card. BorrowBike's smart lock and online web application streamlines the check-out process and allows bikes to be rented at any time of the day.


Go Baby Go Senior Design, Laura Pickering, Ally Fox, Parker Elliott, Jacob Wolwowicz Jan 2019

Go Baby Go Senior Design, Laura Pickering, Ally Fox, Parker Elliott, Jacob Wolwowicz

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

No abstract provided.


2019 Up Baja Sae Senior Capstone Project, Jacob Isaacson, Michael Quach, Ryan Hood, Austin Mcnichols Jan 2019

2019 Up Baja Sae Senior Capstone Project, Jacob Isaacson, Michael Quach, Ryan Hood, Austin Mcnichols

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

Baja SAE is an intercollegiate engineering competition where teams design, manufacture and assemble an off-road vehicle that is to serve as a prototype for a recreational user market. The goal of the 2019 UP Baja team was to redesign the existing vehicle into a model that would be eligible to participate in the 2019 Baja SAE competition.


Solar Decathlon Capstone, Chris Pinto, Joseph Gregory, Joe Willey, Alex Herman Jan 2019

Solar Decathlon Capstone, Chris Pinto, Joseph Gregory, Joe Willey, Alex Herman

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

The project focused on designing a net-zero elementary school for competition in the Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon in Golden, Colorado.


Parabolic Solar Trough, Audrey Beattie, Ed Lane, John E. Pellessier, Abbie Simthline Jan 2019

Parabolic Solar Trough, Audrey Beattie, Ed Lane, John E. Pellessier, Abbie Simthline

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

This team has designed and built a module parabolic solar troughs to produce hot water for an organic Rankine Cycle. This is a thermodynamic cycle that produces energy and requires a heated fluid to operate. A parabolic solar trough is a type of concentrating solar technology that directs sunlight at a focal line, heating the fluid inside.


Ir Motion Tracking Robotic Arm, Gavin Low, Andrew Doan, Avery Guillermo, Dayna Yoshimura Jan 2019

Ir Motion Tracking Robotic Arm, Gavin Low, Andrew Doan, Avery Guillermo, Dayna Yoshimura

Engineering E-Portfolios and Projects

The Motion Tracking Robot Arm is a senior Electrical Engineering Capstone project designed by Andrew Doan, Avery Guillermo, Gavin Low, and Dayna Yoshimura. The project serves as an exploration of alternative control methods for robotic arms. While standard robotic arms are often controlled with physical controllers or computer programs, this robotic arm will be controlled with a LEAP motion controller. The user will be able to control the robotic arm using his or her own arm; no extra control inputs will be necessary.


Details For Lap Machines And Heilmann Combers, John Heterington Jan 2019

Details For Lap Machines And Heilmann Combers, John Heterington

Engineering Sciences

No abstract provided.


Me-Em 2018-19 Annual Report, Department Of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University Jan 2019

Me-Em 2018-19 Annual Report, Department Of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics Annual Reports

Table of Contents

  • Faculty Research
  • Enrollment & Degrees
  • Department News
  • Graduates
  • Faculty & Staff
  • Alumni
  • Donors
  • Contracts & Grants
  • Patents & Publications


Concentric Contra-Rotating Dual Shaft Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, Emily Walz, Marcellin Zahui, Andrew Shires, Carl Gilkeson Dec 2018

Concentric Contra-Rotating Dual Shaft Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, Emily Walz, Marcellin Zahui, Andrew Shires, Carl Gilkeson

Essential Studies UNDergraduate Showcase

A typical vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) consists of two or more airfoils all attached to a single central axis. The wind turbine style most commonly found in renewable energy is the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) that have a high energy production efficiency in exchange for requiring large amounts of land and air space. Alternatively, a VAWT can function in low speeds and in smaller less typical locations. As a result, novel VAWT designs are researched to improve their energy efficiency. An example of a novel VAWT is the concentric counter-rotating VAWT investigated theoretically using the 2D computational fluid ...


Method To Provide Meta-Stable Operation Of Dc Microgrid Comprising A Pulsed Load, David G. Wilson, Wayne Weaver, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Ronald Matthews, Steven F. Glover Oct 2018

Method To Provide Meta-Stable Operation Of Dc Microgrid Comprising A Pulsed Load, David G. Wilson, Wayne Weaver, Rush D. Robinett Iii, Ronald Matthews, Steven F. Glover

Michigan Tech Patents

A Hamiltonian surface shaping power flow control (HSSPFC) method is used to analyze the meta-stability and adjust pulsed power loads on a DC electric power distribution network. Pulsed power loads are nonlinear, time-variant systems that cause nonlinear limit-cycles. During the on periods of a pulsed load, the system can be in an unstable state and is damped back to stability during the off state of the load. Therefore, over the entire period of the pulse the system may only be assessed as meta-stable. As shown through simulation, HIL and hardware results, the HSSPFC method is more accurate than the other ...