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Ensemble Of Recurrent Neural Networks With Long Short-Term Memory Cells For High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring, Vahid Barzegar, Simon Laflamme, Chao Hu, Jacob Dodson 2022 Iowa State University

Ensemble Of Recurrent Neural Networks With Long Short-Term Memory Cells For High-Rate Structural Health Monitoring, Vahid Barzegar, Simon Laflamme, Chao Hu, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

The deployment of systems experiencing high-rate dynamic events, such as hypersonic vehicles, advanced weaponry, and active blast mitigation systems, require high-rate structural health monitoring (HRSHM) capabilities in the sub-millisecond realm to ensure continuous operations and safety. However, the development of high-rate feedback systems is a complex task because these dynamic systems are uniquely characterized by (1) large uncertainties in their external loads, (2) high levels of non-stationarity and heavy disturbance, and (3) unmodeled dynamics from changes in system configuration. In this paper, we present a deep learning algorithm specifically engineered for HRSHM applications. It consists of an ensemble of recurrent ...


Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon CDT'19, Mattias Cooper CDT'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime CDT'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings CDT'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark 2022 United States Military Academy

Detailed Velocity And Heat Transfer Measurements In An Advanced Gas Turbine Vane Insert Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry And Infrared Thermometry, Michael Benson, David Bindon Cdt'19, Mattias Cooper Cdt'19, F. Todd Davidson, Benjamin Duhaime Cdt'19, David Helmer, Robert Woodings Cdt'19, Bret P. Van Poppel, Christopher J. Elkins, John P. Clark

West Point Research Papers

This work reports the results of paired experiments for a complex internal cooling flow within a gas turbine vane using magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV) and steady-state infrared (IR) thermometry. A scaled model of the leading edge insert for a gas turbine vane with multi-pass impingement was designed, built using stereolithography fabrication methods, and tested using MRV techniques to collect a three-dimensional, three-component velocity field data set for a fully turbulent test case. Stagnation and recirculation zones were identified and assessed in terms of impact on potential cooling performance. A paired experiment employed an IR camera to measure the temperature profile ...


Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman 2022 The University of Akron

Refrigeration & Pressure Circuits For The Test Apparatus On Triaxial Properties Of Polymer Foams At Arctic Temperatures, Nathaniel Ackerman

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The objective of this project is to modify the previous testing apparatus used by Dr. M. Hoo Fatt for exploration of Crushing Behavior of Polymer Foams in Sandwich Structures Operating in Arctic Regions commissioned by the Office of Naval Research and performed under the University of Akron’s Mechanical Engineering testing facilities. To do this, it is required to design a system capable of operating at a constant temperature during a testing cycle, reaching down to -60⁰C. This apparatus must also be compatible with prior equipment, facilities, persons, samples, and media.

Primarily, a copper-tube refrigeration coil design was considered to ...


The Development Of A Finite Element Model For Ballistic Impact Predictions, Richard Allen Perkins 2021 Mississippi State University

The Development Of A Finite Element Model For Ballistic Impact Predictions, Richard Allen Perkins

Theses and Dissertations

Concrete is a widely used product and is an important application throughout industry due to its inexpensive cost and wide range of applications. This work focuses on understanding the behavior of high strength concrete in high strain rate ballistic impact loading scenarios. A finite element analysis was created with the implementation of the Concrete Damage and Plasticity Model 2 (CDPM2) to represent the material behavior. The model’s parameters were calibrated to existing literature and the results were analyzed by a comparison of the impact velocity to residual velocity and a qualitative assessment of the impact crater. The model captured ...


Force-Feedback Design For Robotics: Bio-Based Design And Simulation, Husnain Khan, Zhou Zhang 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Force-Feedback Design For Robotics: Bio-Based Design And Simulation, Husnain Khan, Zhou Zhang

Publications and Research

The great challenge for the Virtual Assembly Platform is how to make the users have the in-person feeling with the augmented tools. Hands are the most important organs that are used to provide touch feeling. In a real assembly scenario, the force from the components and tools will be feedback to the brain via the hands. Unfortunately, the virtual assembly failed to mimic the in-person scenarios since it will not provide such kind of feedback. As a result, the users’ real identities are lost. Then, the users’ slower-progressing wrong habits will prevent them from success in the future. Therefore, it ...


Online Parameter Estimation Under Non-Persistent Excitations For High-Rate Dynamic Systems, Jin Yan, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson 2021 Iowa State University and Palo Alto Research Center

Online Parameter Estimation Under Non-Persistent Excitations For High-Rate Dynamic Systems, Jin Yan, Simon Laflamme, Jonathan Hong, Jacob Dodson

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

High-rate dynamic systems are defined as systems experiencing dynamic events of typical amplitudes higher than 100 gn for a duration of less than 100 ms. They are characterized by 1) large uncertainties on the external loads; 2) high levels of nonstationarity and heavy disturbance; and 3) generation of unmodeled dynamics from changes in mechanical configuration. To fully enable these systems, feedback capabilities must be developed. This includes computationally fast software and low latency hardware. This paper presents a pure time-based online parameter estimation algorithm for high-rate dynamic systems with real-time applicability. The algorithm is based on a model reference ...


Frequency Domain Measurements Of Melt Pool Recoil Force Using Modal Analysis, Tristan Cullom, Cody Lough, Nicholas Altese, Douglas A. Bristow, Robert G. Landers, Ben Brown, For full list of authors, see publisher's website. 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Frequency Domain Measurements Of Melt Pool Recoil Force Using Modal Analysis, Tristan Cullom, Cody Lough, Nicholas Altese, Douglas A. Bristow, Robert G. Landers, Ben Brown, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recoil pressure is a critical factor affecting the melt pool dynamics during Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) processes. Recoil pressure depresses the melt pool. When the recoil pressure is low, thermal conduction and capillary forces may be inadequate to provide proper fusion between layers. However, excessive recoil pressure can produce a keyhole inside the melt pool, which is associated with gas porosity. Direct recoil pressure measurements are challenging because it is localized over an area proportionate to the laser spot size producing a force in the mN range. This paper reports a vibration-based approach to quantify the recoil force exerted ...


Naturally Occurring Layered Mineral Franckeite With Anisotropic Raman Scattering And Third-Harmonic Generation Responses, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Naturally Occurring Layered Mineral Franckeite With Anisotropic Raman Scattering And Third-Harmonic Generation Responses, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Vertically stacked van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures have introduced a unique way to engineer optical and electronic responses in multifunctional photonic and quantum devices. However, the technical challenges associated with the artificially fabricated vertical heterostructures have emerged as a bottleneck to restrict their proficient utilization, which emphasizes the necessity of exploring naturally occurring vdW heterostructures. As one type of naturally occurring vdW heterostructures, franckeite has recently attracted significant interest in optoelectronic applications, but the understanding of light-matter interactions in such layered mineral is still very limited especially in the nonlinear optical regime. Herein, the anisotropic Raman scattering and third-harmonic generation ...


Non-Closed Acoustic Cloaking Devices Enabled By Sequential-Step Linear Coordinate Transformations, Zahra Basiri, Mohammad Hosein Fakheri, Ali Abdolali, Chen Shen 2021 Iran University of Science and Technology

Non-Closed Acoustic Cloaking Devices Enabled By Sequential-Step Linear Coordinate Transformations, Zahra Basiri, Mohammad Hosein Fakheri, Ali Abdolali, Chen Shen

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

Hitherto acoustic cloaking devices, which conceal objects externally, depend on objects' characteristics. Despite previous works, we design cloaking devices placed adjacent to an arbitrary object and make it invisible without the need to make it enclosed. Applying sequential linear coordinate transformations leads to a non-closed acoustic cloak with homogeneous materials, creating an open invisible region. Firstly, we propose to design a non-closed carpet cloak to conceal objects on a reflecting plane. Numerical simulations verify the cloaking effect, which is completely independent of the geometry and material properties of the hidden object. Moreover, we extend this idea to achieve a directional ...


2d Layered Sip As Anisotropic Nonlinear Optical Material, Huseyin Sar, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

2d Layered Sip As Anisotropic Nonlinear Optical Material, Huseyin Sar, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-dimensional (2D) material of silicon phosphide (SiP) has recently been shown as a promising optical material with large band gap, fast photoresponse and strong anisotropy. However, the nonlinear optical properties of 2D SiP have not been investigated yet. Here, the thickness-dependent in-plane anisotropic third-harmonic generation (THG) from the mechanically exfoliated 2D layered SiP flakes is reported. The crystal orientation of the SiP flake is determined by the angle-resolved polarized Raman spectroscopy. The angular dependence of the THG emission with respect to the incident linear polarization is found to be strongly anisotropic with the two-fold polarization dependence pattern. Furthermore, the effect ...


Polarization-Dependent Optical Responses In Natural 2d Layered Mineral Teallite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polarization-Dependent Optical Responses In Natural 2d Layered Mineral Teallite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Multi-element layered materials enable the use of stoichiometric variation to engineer their optical responses at subwavelength scale. In this regard, naturally occurring van der Waals minerals allow us to harness a wide range of chemical compositions, crystal structures and lattice symmetries for layered materials under atomically thin limit. Recently, one type of naturally occurring sulfide mineral, ternary teallite has attained significant interest in the context of thermoelectric, optoelectronic, and photovoltaic applications, but understanding of light-matter interactions in such ternary teallite crystals is scarcely available. Herein, polarization-dependent linear and nonlinear optical responses in mechanically exfoliated teallite crystals are investigated including anisotropic ...


Natural Van Der Waals Heterostructure Cylindrite With Highly Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Natural Van Der Waals Heterostructure Cylindrite With Highly Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The mechanical exfoliation of naturally occurring layered materials has emerged as an easy and effective method for achieving ultrathin van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures with well-defined lattice orientations of the constituent two-dimensional (2D) material layers. Cylindrite is one such naturally occurring vdW heterostructure, where the superlattice is composed of alternating stacks of SnS2-like and PbS-like layers. Although the constituent 2D lattices are isotropic, inhomogeneous strain occurring from local atomic alignment for forcing the commensuration makes the cylindrite superlattice structurally anisotropic. Here, we demonstrate the highly anisotropic optical responses of cylindrite thin flakes induced by the anisotropic crystal structure, including angle-resolved ...


Anisotropic Optical Responses Of Layered Thallium Arsenic Sulfosalt Gillulyite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Anisotropic Optical Responses Of Layered Thallium Arsenic Sulfosalt Gillulyite, Ravi P. N. Tripathi, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Multi-element two-dimensional (2D) materials hold great promise in the context of tailoring the physical and chemical properties of the materials via stoichiometric engineering. However, the rational and controllable synthesis of complex 2D materials remains a challenge. Herein, we demonstrate the preparation of large-area thin quaternary 2D material flakes via mechanical exfoliation from a naturally occurring bulk crystal named gillulyite. Furthermore, the anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical properties including anisotropic Raman scattering, linear dichroism, and anisotropic third-harmonic generation (THG) of the exfoliated gillulyite flakes are investigated. The observed highly anisotropic optical properties originate from the reduced in-plane crystal symmetry. Additionally, the ...


Sensing Small Interaction Forces Through Proprioception, Fazlur Rashid, Devin Michael Burns, Yun Seong Song 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Sensing Small Interaction Forces Through Proprioception, Fazlur Rashid, Devin Michael Burns, Yun Seong Song

Psychological Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Understanding the human motor control strategy during physical interaction tasks is crucial for developing future robots for physical human-robot interaction (pHRI). In physical human-human interaction (pHHI), small interaction forces are known to convey their intent between the partners for effective motor communication. The aim of this work is to investigate what affects the human's sensitivity to the externally applied interaction forces. The hypothesis is that one way the small interaction forces are sensed is through the movement of the arm and the resulting proprioceptive signals. A pHRI setup was used to provide small interaction forces to the hand of ...


Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Automobile collisions occur daily. We now live in an information-driven world, one where technology is quickly evolving. Blockchain technology can change the automotive industry, the safety of the motoring public and its surrounding environment by incorporating this vast array of information. It can place safety and efficiency at the forefront to pedestrians, public establishments, and provide public agencies with pertinent information securely and efficiently. Other industries where Blockchain technology has been effective in are as follows: supply chain management, logistics, and banking. This paper reviews some statistical information regarding automobile collisions, Blockchain technology, Smart Contracts, Smart Cities; assesses the feasibility ...


Effect Of The Melt Pool Boundary Network On The Anisotropic Mechanical Properties Of Selective Laser Melted 304l, Myranda Spratt, Joseph William Newkirk, Okanmisope Fashanu, K. Chandrashekhara 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effect Of The Melt Pool Boundary Network On The Anisotropic Mechanical Properties Of Selective Laser Melted 304l, Myranda Spratt, Joseph William Newkirk, Okanmisope Fashanu, K. Chandrashekhara

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Anisotropic mechanical properties are a well-known issue in selective laser melted parts. The microstructure produced by selective laser melting (SLM) is directional, including the solidified melt pool structures and grains. This work investigates the melt pool boundary's effects on 304L stainless steel's compressive properties. 304L stainless steel solid cylinders were built using a pulse laser SLM machine in four directions using three hatch angle rotations: 0⁰, 67⁰, and 105⁰ . The twelve samples were compression tested, and the results were analyzed. Numerical models were also created with the different hatch angles and directions. The melt pool boundary network (MPBN ...


High-Magnification Digital Image Correlation Techniques For Aged Nuclear Fuel Cladding Testing, Robert Scott Hansen 2021 Utah State University

High-Magnification Digital Image Correlation Techniques For Aged Nuclear Fuel Cladding Testing, Robert Scott Hansen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nuclear fuel cladding in light water reactors, often made of zirconium alloys, is naturally made more brittle by exposure to the water coolant during normal reactor operation. However, this embrittlement by zirconium hydrides changes the mechanical behavior of the cladding material, affecting how it will deform and what may cause it to fail. Because the cladding already has different properties in different material directions, mechanical testing also needs to be direction specific. In addition, to understand the effects that these microscale hydride features have, measurements of deforming cladding need to be at a microscale. This dissertation describes several high-magnification innovations ...


The Effect Of Bit Depth On High Temperature Digital Image Correlation Measurements, Steven Robert Jarrett 2021 Utah State University

The Effect Of Bit Depth On High Temperature Digital Image Correlation Measurements, Steven Robert Jarrett

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is a camera-based method of measuring mechanical displacement and strain which is commonly used in high-temperature experiments due to its ability to take contactless measurements. High-temperature DIC is challenging due to light emitted from the sample which can saturate the camera sensor. Blue-DIC and UV-DIC have been developed to minimize this effect, but the maximum sample temperature range of DIC remains a function of the camera and camera settings. Bit depth, also referred to as color depth or number of bits, is an important camera setting which affects the dynamic range of an image, but which ...


Research Of Hydrodynamic Processes When Drying Mineral Fertilizers In Drum Dryers, R J. Tojiyev, A A. Akhunbaev, R X. Mirsharipov 2021 Ferghana polytechnic institute

Research Of Hydrodynamic Processes When Drying Mineral Fertilizers In Drum Dryers, R J. Tojiyev, A A. Akhunbaev, R X. Mirsharipov

Scientific-technical journal

The article discusses the experimental kinetics of the process of thermal drying of dispersed materials. Experimental methods for determining the periods of drying and kinetics of the process have been studied.


Dioxins Contamination In Sediment And Their Effect On Accumulation In The Portuguese Oyster (Crassostrea Angulata) And White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei), Yin-Yu Chen, Yu-Sheng Wu, Hsiang-Yin Chen, Zhen-Hao Liau, Fan-Hua Nan 2021 Department of Aquaculture, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan

Dioxins Contamination In Sediment And Their Effect On Accumulation In The Portuguese Oyster (Crassostrea Angulata) And White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei), Yin-Yu Chen, Yu-Sheng Wu, Hsiang-Yin Chen, Zhen-Hao Liau, Fan-Hua Nan

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This research aims to realize whether the dioxin accumulation in the oyster and white shrimp which were cultured in the dioxin pollutant sediment. This presented evidence indicated that dioxin was detected in all experimental groups with high concentration accumulated in experiment animals. Observation of the concentration, the PCDD/F, 2,3,7,8-T4CDD was with high concentration in the sediment and declined with the time elapsed. Detection of the dioxin accumulated in the animal, the accumulative maximum amounts was in the oyster as 3746.16 (pg-TEQ/g d.w.) and in the shrimp as 705.44 (pg-TEQ/g d.w ...


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