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Ratcheting Limit Assessment Of Straight Pipes Subjected To Combinedinternal Pressure And Reversed Bending Moments.Pdf, Xiaotao Zheng 2016 Wuhan Institute of Technology

Ratcheting Limit Assessment Of Straight Pipes Subjected To Combinedinternal Pressure And Reversed Bending Moments.Pdf, Xiaotao Zheng

Kevin Lee


Analytical ratcheting limits of straight pipes subjected to typical steady internal pressure and reversed bending were deduced theoretically according to the Non-Cyclic Method. The effects of radius ratio as well as strain hardening behavior on ratcheting limit of cylindrical pipes were investigated intensively. Results revealed that the analytical ratcheting limits have higher precision than those results obtained by KTA/ASME and RCC-MR code, while the proposed results are still conservative comparing with the experiment data because the strain hardening behavior was not considered.Furthermore, flow stress solutions were formulated considering the effect of strain hardening behavior. Results presented flow stress ...


A Microfabricated Involute-Foil Regenerator For Stirling Engines, Roy C. Tew, Mounir B. Ibrahim, Daniel Danila, Terrence W. Simon, Susan Mantell, Liyong Sun, David Gedeon, Kevin Kelly, Jeffrey McLean, Gary Wood, Songgang Qiu 2016 NASA Glenn Research Center

A Microfabricated Involute-Foil Regenerator For Stirling Engines, Roy C. Tew, Mounir B. Ibrahim, Daniel Danila, Terrence W. Simon, Susan Mantell, Liyong Sun, David Gedeon, Kevin Kelly, Jeffrey Mclean, Gary Wood, Songgang Qiu

Daniel B Kelly

A segmented involute-foil regenerator has been designed, microfabricated and tested in an oscillating-flow rig with excellent results. During the Phase I effort, several approximations of parallel-plate regenerator geometry were chosen as potential candidates for a new microfabrication concept. Potential manufacturers and processes were surveyed. The selected concept consisted of stacked segmentedinvolute- foil disks (or annular portions of disks), originally to be microfabricated from stainless-steel via the LiGA (lithography, electroplating, and molding) process and EDM. During Phase II, re-planning of the effort led to test plans based on nickel disks, microfabricated via the LiGA process, only. A stack of nickel segmented-involute-foil ...


Sensitivity Studies On The Shear Lag Parameter Β Using Analytical And Numerical Techniques, George Thomas Avery 2016 Rowan University

Sensitivity Studies On The Shear Lag Parameter Β Using Analytical And Numerical Techniques, George Thomas Avery

Theses and Dissertations

The strength of fiber-reinforced composites is dependent on the strength of the fiber-matrix interface bond. Thermal, chemical, and other means have been used to modify the surface of fibers, resulting in increased fiber-matrix interface bond strength. However, researchers are still dependent on empirical methods to relate surface modifications to composite performance. Additional efforts are required to develop physics-based models for micro-mechanical effects on interfacial bond strength that will be needed for the improved design and processing of fiber reinforced composites. It is anticipated that experimental, numerical, and analytical efforts will be needed to contribute toward this endeavor.

A numerical approach ...


Life Cycle Analysis Of Railway Noise And Vibration Mitigation Methodologies With Respect To Curve Squeal Noises, Sadudee Setsobhonkul, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2016 University of Birmingham

Life Cycle Analysis Of Railway Noise And Vibration Mitigation Methodologies With Respect To Curve Squeal Noises, Sadudee Setsobhonkul, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Wheel/rail interface inevitably induces a travelling source of sound and vibration, which spread over a long distance of rail network and neighborhood corridor. The sound and vibration can be generated in various forms and spectra. The undesirable sound and vibration, is often called ‘noise’, includes rolling noise, impact noise, curve noise, mechanical noise, airborne noise, wheel/rail noise, structure- and ground-borne noises. The noise and vibration that is transferred back through the vehicle body mainly affects ride quality, customer experience, and structural integrity of the rolling stocks, whereas the vibration that is transmitted from the rails to the supporting ...


A Comparative Study Of Three Different Chemical Vapor Deposition Techniques Of Carbon Nanotube Growth On Diamond Films, Betty T. Quinton, Paul N. Barnes, Chakrapani V. Varanasi, Bang-Hung Tsao, Kevin J. Yost, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Comparative Study Of Three Different Chemical Vapor Deposition Techniques Of Carbon Nanotube Growth On Diamond Films, Betty T. Quinton, Paul N. Barnes, Chakrapani V. Varanasi, Bang-Hung Tsao, Kevin J. Yost, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This paper compares between the methods of growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on diamond substrates and evaluates the quality of the CNTs and the interfacial strength. One potential application for these materials is a heat sink/spreader for high-power electronic devices. The CNTs and diamond substrates have a significantly higher specific thermal conductivity than traditional heat sink/spreader materials making them good replacement candidates. Only limited research has been performed on these CNT/diamond structures and their suitability of different growth methods. This study investigates three potential chemical vapor deposition (CVD) techniques for growing CNTs on diamond: thermal CVD (T-CVD), microwave ...


Carbon Nanotube Based Groundwater Remediation: The Case Of Trichloroethylene, Kshitij C. Jha, Zhuonan Liu, Hema Vijwani, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Mesfin Tsige 2016 Wright State University

Carbon Nanotube Based Groundwater Remediation: The Case Of Trichloroethylene, Kshitij C. Jha, Zhuonan Liu, Hema Vijwani, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay, Mesfin Tsige

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Adsorption of chlorinated organic contaminants (COCs) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been gaining ground as a remedial platform for groundwater treatment. Applications depend on our mechanistic understanding of COC adsorption on CNTs. This paper lays out the nature of competing interactions at play in hybrid, membrane, and pure CNT based systems and presents results with the perspective of existing gaps in design strategies. First, current remediation approaches to trichloroethylene (TCE), the most ubiquitous of the COCs, is presented along with examination of forces contributing to adsorption of analogous contaminants at the molecular level. Second, we present results on TCE adsorption ...


Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli

Cihan Dagli

The design of a robust guidance system for a robot is discussed. The two major tasks for this guidance system are the online recognition of a moving object invariant to rotation and translation, and tracking the moving object using a neural-network-driven vision system. This system included computer software ported to the IBM PC and interfaced with an IBM 7535 robot. The operation of this guidance system involved recognition of a moving object and the ability to track it till the robot and effector was in close proximity of the object. It was found that the robot was able to track ...


Solute Nucleation And Growth In Supercritical Fluid Mixtures, Gregory T. Smedley, Gerald Wilemski, W. Terry Rawlins, David B. Oakes, Prakash Joshi, William W. Durgin 2016 California Institute of Technology

Solute Nucleation And Growth In Supercritical Fluid Mixtures, Gregory T. Smedley, Gerald Wilemski, W. Terry Rawlins, David B. Oakes, Prakash Joshi, William W. Durgin

Gerald Wilemski

This research effort is directed toward two primary scientific objectives: (1) to determine the gravitational effect on the measurement of nucleation and growth rates near a critical point and (2) to investigate the nucleation process in supercritical fluids to aid in the evaluation and development of existing theoretical models and practical applications. A nucleation pulse method will be employed for this investigation using a rapid expansion to a supersaturated state that is maintained for ≈ 1 ms followed by a rapid recompression to a less supersaturated state that effectively terminates nucleation while permitting growth to continue. Nucleation, which occurs during the ...


How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

How To Establish Successful Cooperative Student Learning Centers For Stem Courses, Ronald James Bieniek, Douglas R. Carroll, Cesar Mendoza, Oran Allan Pringle, Ekkehard Sinn, Kai-Tak Wan, Donald C. Wunsch

Oran Pringle

Students learn more if they are actively involved in the learning process, particularly in a cooperative manner. Several UMR faculty have operated course-based learning centers (LCs) as part of the campus-wide Learning Enhancement Across Disciplines (LEAD) Program of student learning assistance and enhancement. LCs are designed to assist large numbers of students in a cost- and time-efficient manner that promotes student engagement without requiring undue amounts of faculty time. Course instructors spend time in the open learning environment of the LC, in lieu of office hours, guiding students to master course material and skills in their evolution from novice to ...


Study Of Load Concentration And Damage Evaluation Using An Optical Experimental Method, James Cheung 2016 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia

Study Of Load Concentration And Damage Evaluation Using An Optical Experimental Method, James Cheung

Jacky Yin

This article studied the stress concentration in homogenous material using an optical method of caustics. The study on stress concentration is of great research value to evaluate the damage inside materials. In this work, one optical experimental method, caustics method, is introduced to study the mechanical behavior of an elastic plate of transparent material. The governing equations of caustics method which is used to represent the optics-mechanics relation of the singular yield close to the external load are derived based on the exponential asymptotic expansion. The experimental result shows this optical method as a nondestructive methodology can be used to ...


Dynamic Mechanical Properties Of fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites: A Review, N. Sabaa, M Jawaid, M.T. Paridah 2016 Universiti Putra Malaysia

Dynamic Mechanical Properties Of fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites: A Review, N. Sabaa, M Jawaid, M.T. Paridah

Kevin Lee

Dynamicmechanicalanalysis(DMA)isaversatiletechniquethatcomplementstheinformationprovidedbythemoretraditionalthermalanalysistechniquessuchasdifferentialscanningcalorimetry(DSC),ther-mogravimetricanalysis(TGA),andthermalmechanicalanalysis(TMA).Thedynamicparameterssuchasstoragemodulus(E0),lossmodulus(E00),anddampingfactor(Tand)aretemperaturedependentandpro-videinformationaboutinterfacialbondingbetweenthereinforcedfibreandpolymermatrixofcompositematerial.Thedynamicparameterswereominouslyinfluencedbytheincreaseinfibrelengthandloadingbutnotinageometricprogression.Dynamicloadingconditionsarefrequentlystumbleincivilinfrastruc-turesystemsduetosound,winds,earthquakes,oceanwavesandliveloads.Vibrationdampingparam-etersshowsprimeimportanceforstructuralapplicationsinordertoenhancethereliability,performance,buildingscomfortandinthealleviationofbridgeshazards.DMAalsopredictstheeffectsoftimeandtemperatureonpolymersealantsviscoelasticperformanceunderdifferentenvironments.Presentreviewarticledesignedtobeacomprehensivesourceofreportedliteratureinvolvingdynamicmechanicalpropertiesofnaturalfibrereinforcedpolymercomposites,hybridandnanocompositesanditsapplications.Thisreviewarticlewillprovidesaperfectdatatoexploreitsindustrialapplicationprimarilyascheaperconstructionandbuildingmaterialsfordoingfurtherresearchinthistopic.


Design Maps For Fracture Resistant Functionally Graded Materials, Muhammad Ridwan Murshed 2016 Rowan University

Design Maps For Fracture Resistant Functionally Graded Materials, Muhammad Ridwan Murshed

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to generate design maps to identify functionally graded microstructures with enhanced fracture toughness. Several Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) with an edge crack and membrane loading are considered and the resulting J-integral values are computed numerically using Finite Element Analysis. In order to capture the resulting stress fields accurately, Barsoum elements are used in the vicinity of the crack tip and the simulations are carried out for several crack lengths (a) and material contrasts (κ). The averages of the J-integral values are used to determine the normalized Stress Intensity Factors which are then benchmarked with ...


Design, Testing And Evaluation Of Robotic Mechanisms And Systems For Environmental Monitoring And Interaction, James K. Higgins 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Design, Testing And Evaluation Of Robotic Mechanisms And Systems For Environmental Monitoring And Interaction, James K. Higgins

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have significantly lowered the cost of remote aerial data collection. The next generation of UAVs, however, will transform the way that scientists and practitioners interact with the environment. In this thesis, we address the challenges of flying low over water to collect water samples and temperature data. We also develop a system that allows UAVs to ignite prescribed fires. Specifically, this thesis contributes a new peristaltic pump designed for use on a UAV for collecting water samples from up to 3m depth and capable of pumping over 6m above the water. Next, temperature sensors and their ...


Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres 2016 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres

Honors Theses

The scope for the project was to design and construct a system that could be used to both manually and automatically track the sun using solar panels to demonstrate engineering principles for classroom and laboratory experiments at both the primary and secondary education levels. For ease of demonstration, a manual and automatic tracker was designed for the experiment. Using a standard camera tripod, the solar panels were attached to fabricated mounts to allow for omnidirectional movement. For the automated, or active tracker, an Ardunio Uno microcontroller was used in conjunction with two 180˚ servos to adjust the active tracker solar ...


Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Delay-Independent Stability Analysis Of Linear Time-Delay Systems Based On Frequency, Xianwei Li, Huijun Gao, Keqin Gu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper studies strong delay-independent stability of linear time-invariant systems. It is known that delay-independent stability of time-delay systems is equivalent to some frequency-dependent linear matrix inequalities. To reduce or eliminate conservatism of stability criteria, the frequency domain is discretized into several sub-intervals, and piecewise constant Lyapunov matrices are employed to analyze the frequency-dependent stability condition. Applying the generalized Kalman–Yakubovich–Popov lemma, new necessary and sufficient criteria are then obtained for strong delay-independent stability of systems with a single delay. The effectiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.


Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt

Kevin Hallinan

In order to enhance the fundamental understanding of thin film evaporation and thereby improve the critical design concept for two-phase heat transfer devices, microscale heat and mass transport is to be investigated for the transition film region using state-of-the-art optical diagnostic techniques. By utilizing a microgravity environment, the length scales of the transition film region can be extended sufficiently, from submicron to micron, to probe and measure the microscale transport fields which are affected by intermolecular forces. Extension of the thin film dimensions under microgravity will be achieved by using a conical evaporator made of a thin silicon substrate under ...


Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar 2016 Brown University

Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar

Kevin Hallinan

Nanotechnology has become central to our research efforts to fabricate relatively smaller size devices, which are more versatile than their older and larger predecessors. Silica is a very important material in this regard. Recently, a new biomimetically inspired path to silica production has been demonstrated. This processing technique was inspired from biological organisms, such as marine diatoms, which produce silica at ambient conditions and almost neutral ph with beautiful control over location and structure. Recently, several researchers have demonstrated that positional control of silica formed could be achieved by application of an electric field to locate charged enzymes responsible for ...


Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier 2016 University of Dayton

Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier

Kevin Hallinan

The Engineers in Technical Humanitarian Opportunities of Service-learning (ETHOS) program was developed in the spring of 2001 by an interdisciplinary group (electrical, chemical, civil and mechanical) of undergraduate engineering students at the University of Dayton (UD). ETHOS was founded on the belief that engineers are more apt and capable to appropriately serve our world if they have an understanding of technology’s global linkage with values, culture, society, politics, and the economy. Since 2001, the ETHOS program at UD has grown and changed.

From conceptualization, to implementation, to maturation and national recognition, the program has addressed challenges of academic acceptance ...


Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin McCarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin Mccarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

Kevin Hallinan

This paper explores the potential for solid-state energy harvesting in industrial applications. In contrast to traditional heat recovery, the output of solid-state devices is electricity, which can be readily used in virtually any plant. The progress in harvesting waste heat via thermoelectric and thermionic generators is described. With second law efficiencies now approaching 50% and 80% respectively, we show that these technologies are on the cusp of practical use. Finally, we present an example of energy harvesting using thermionic devices in an industrial application. The example considers energy harvesting from a furnace at a glass manufacturing facility where exhaust gases ...


Energy Information Augmented Community-Based Energy Reduction, Kevin P. Hallinan, Harvey Enns, Stephenie Ritchey, Phil Brodrick, Nathan Lammers, Nichole Hanus, Mark Rembert, Tony Rainsberger 2016 University of Dayton

Energy Information Augmented Community-Based Energy Reduction, Kevin P. Hallinan, Harvey Enns, Stephenie Ritchey, Phil Brodrick, Nathan Lammers, Nichole Hanus, Mark Rembert, Tony Rainsberger

Kevin Hallinan

More than one-half of all U.S. states have instituted energy efficiency mandates requiring utilities to reduce energy use. To achieve these goals, utilities have been permitted rate structures to help them incentivize energy reduction projects. This strategy is proving to be only modestly successful in stemming energy consumption growth. By the same token, community energy reduction programs have achieved moderate to very significant energy reduction. The research described here offers an important tool to strengthen the community energy reduction efforts—by providing such efforts energy information tailored to the energy use patterns of each building occupant. The information provided ...


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