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Ratcheting Limit Assessment Of Straight Pipes Subjected To Combinedinternal Pressure And Reversed Bending Moments.Pdf, Xiaotao Zheng 2016 Wuhan Institute of Technology

Ratcheting Limit Assessment Of Straight Pipes Subjected To Combinedinternal Pressure And Reversed Bending Moments.Pdf, Xiaotao Zheng

Kevin Lee


Analytical ratcheting limits of straight pipes subjected to typical steady internal pressure and reversed bending were deduced theoretically according to the Non-Cyclic Method. The effects of radius ratio as well as strain hardening behavior on ratcheting limit of cylindrical pipes were investigated intensively. Results revealed that the analytical ratcheting limits have higher precision than those results obtained by KTA/ASME and RCC-MR code, while the proposed results are still conservative comparing with the experiment data because the strain hardening behavior was not considered.Furthermore, flow stress solutions were formulated considering the effect of strain hardening behavior. Results presented flow stress ...


Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres 2016 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres

Honors Theses

The scope for the project was to design and construct a system that could be used to both manually and automatically track the sun using solar panels to demonstrate engineering principles for classroom and laboratory experiments at both the primary and secondary education levels. For ease of demonstration, a manual and automatic tracker was designed for the experiment. Using a standard camera tripod, the solar panels were attached to fabricated mounts to allow for omnidirectional movement. For the automated, or active tracker, an Ardunio Uno microcontroller was used in conjunction with two 180˚ servos to adjust the active tracker solar ...


Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt

Kevin Hallinan

In order to enhance the fundamental understanding of thin film evaporation and thereby improve the critical design concept for two-phase heat transfer devices, microscale heat and mass transport is to be investigated for the transition film region using state-of-the-art optical diagnostic techniques. By utilizing a microgravity environment, the length scales of the transition film region can be extended sufficiently, from submicron to micron, to probe and measure the microscale transport fields which are affected by intermolecular forces. Extension of the thin film dimensions under microgravity will be achieved by using a conical evaporator made of a thin silicon substrate under ...


Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar 2016 Brown University

Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar

Kevin Hallinan

Nanotechnology has become central to our research efforts to fabricate relatively smaller size devices, which are more versatile than their older and larger predecessors. Silica is a very important material in this regard. Recently, a new biomimetically inspired path to silica production has been demonstrated. This processing technique was inspired from biological organisms, such as marine diatoms, which produce silica at ambient conditions and almost neutral ph with beautiful control over location and structure. Recently, several researchers have demonstrated that positional control of silica formed could be achieved by application of an electric field to locate charged enzymes responsible for ...


Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier 2016 University of Dayton

Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier

Kevin Hallinan

The Engineers in Technical Humanitarian Opportunities of Service-learning (ETHOS) program was developed in the spring of 2001 by an interdisciplinary group (electrical, chemical, civil and mechanical) of undergraduate engineering students at the University of Dayton (UD). ETHOS was founded on the belief that engineers are more apt and capable to appropriately serve our world if they have an understanding of technology’s global linkage with values, culture, society, politics, and the economy. Since 2001, the ETHOS program at UD has grown and changed.

From conceptualization, to implementation, to maturation and national recognition, the program has addressed challenges of academic acceptance ...


Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin McCarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin Mccarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

Kevin Hallinan

This paper explores the potential for solid-state energy harvesting in industrial applications. In contrast to traditional heat recovery, the output of solid-state devices is electricity, which can be readily used in virtually any plant. The progress in harvesting waste heat via thermoelectric and thermionic generators is described. With second law efficiencies now approaching 50% and 80% respectively, we show that these technologies are on the cusp of practical use. Finally, we present an example of energy harvesting using thermionic devices in an industrial application. The example considers energy harvesting from a furnace at a glass manufacturing facility where exhaust gases ...


Energy Information Augmented Community-Based Energy Reduction, Kevin P. Hallinan, Harvey Enns, Stephenie Ritchey, Phil Brodrick, Nathan Lammers, Nichole Hanus, Mark Rembert, Tony Rainsberger 2016 University of Dayton

Energy Information Augmented Community-Based Energy Reduction, Kevin P. Hallinan, Harvey Enns, Stephenie Ritchey, Phil Brodrick, Nathan Lammers, Nichole Hanus, Mark Rembert, Tony Rainsberger

Kevin Hallinan

More than one-half of all U.S. states have instituted energy efficiency mandates requiring utilities to reduce energy use. To achieve these goals, utilities have been permitted rate structures to help them incentivize energy reduction projects. This strategy is proving to be only modestly successful in stemming energy consumption growth. By the same token, community energy reduction programs have achieved moderate to very significant energy reduction. The research described here offers an important tool to strengthen the community energy reduction efforts—by providing such efforts energy information tailored to the energy use patterns of each building occupant. The information provided ...


Clean Energy Infrastructure Educational Initiative, Kevin P. Hallinan, James A. Menart, Robert Gilbert 2016 University of Dayton

Clean Energy Infrastructure Educational Initiative, Kevin P. Hallinan, James A. Menart, Robert Gilbert

Kevin Hallinan

The Clean Energy Infrastructure Educational Initiative represents a collaborative effort by the University of Dayton, Wright State University and Sinclair Community College. This effort above all aimed to establish energy related programs at each of the universities while also providing outreach to the local, state-wide, and national communities. At the University of Dayton, the grant has aimed at: solidfying a newly created Master's program in Renewable and Clean Energy; helping to establish and staff a regional sustainability organization for SW Ohio. As well, as the prime grantee, the University of Dayton was responsible for ensuring curricular sharing between WSU ...


A Study Of The Fundamental Operations Of A Capillary Driven Heat Transfer Device In Both Normal And Low Gravity Part 1-Liquid Slug Formation In Low Gravity, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, Jack Lekan 2016 NASA Glenn Research Center

A Study Of The Fundamental Operations Of A Capillary Driven Heat Transfer Device In Both Normal And Low Gravity Part 1-Liquid Slug Formation In Low Gravity, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, Jack Lekan

Kevin Hallinan

Research has been conducted to observe the operation of a capillary pumped loop (CPL) in both normal and low gravity environments in order to ascertain the causes of device failure. The failures of capillary pumped heat transport devices in low gravity; specifically; evaporator dryout, are not understood and the available data for analyzing the failures is incomplete.

To observe failure in these devices an idealized experimental CPL was configured for testing in both a normal-gravity and a low-gravity environment. The experimental test loop was constructed completely of Pyrex tubing to allow for visualization of system operations. Heat was added to ...


Modeling Atypical Building Use With Commercially Available Building Simulation Software, Sarah E. Schanck 2016 Rowan University

Modeling Atypical Building Use With Commercially Available Building Simulation Software, Sarah E. Schanck

Theses and Dissertations

National Guard armories are audited to provide recommendations for future energy reduction measures. The annual energy consumption of a New Jersey National Guard Armories cannot be modeled directly with commercially available building simulation software, due to discrepancies between the modeling capabilities of the software and the reality of the armory. A building simulation software, eQUEST, was chosen for use in this project. Discrepancies between eQUEST inputs and reality were identified and correction factors developed to minimize the effect of each discrepancy on predicted energy consumption, with the end goal of accuracy between predicted and actual energy consumption. In addition, an ...


Comparison Of Airfoil Precomputational Analysis Methods For Optimization Of Wind Turbine Blades, Ryan Barrett, Andrew Ning 2016 Brigham Young University - Provo

Comparison Of Airfoil Precomputational Analysis Methods For Optimization Of Wind Turbine Blades, Ryan Barrett, Andrew Ning

All Faculty Publications

The objective of this research was to develop and compare various airfoil precomputational parameterization and analysis techniques for aerostructural optimization of wind turbine blades. The airfoils along the blade were added as optimization design variables through pre-computational parameterization methods using thickness-to-chord ratios and blended airfoil family factors. The airfoils' aerodynamic performance was analyzed with three methods of increasing fidelity: a panel method (XFOIL), Navier-Stokes based computational fluid dynamics (RANS CFD), and wind tunnel data. The optimizations minimized mass over annual energy production (m/AEP) and thereby approximated the minimization of cost of energy. The results were compared to the NREL ...


Operational Vulnerability Of The High Speed Rail Infrastructure In Malaysia From Climate Change Risks, Sazrul Leena Binti Sa’adin, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, David Jaroszweski 2016 Department of Public Works, Ministry of Interior, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Operational Vulnerability Of The High Speed Rail Infrastructure In Malaysia From Climate Change Risks, Sazrul Leena Binti Sa’Adin, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, David Jaroszweski

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. Globally the atmosphere and ocean has increasingly getting warmer, the amount of ice on the earth is decreasing, and sea level has risen. The current railway network in Malaysia, over the last decade, has been significantly affected by severe weather conditions such as rainfall, lightning, wind and very high temperatures. These extremes can lead to asset system failure, degraded operation and ultimately, delays to train services. Thus to avoid those disaster happen, such resilience infrastructure is a vital ...


Safety-Based Maintenance For Geometry Restoration Of Railway Turnout Systems In Various Operational Environments, Muhammad Fitri Ishak, Serdar Dindar, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2016 KERETAPI TANAH MELAYU BERHAD (KTMB)

Safety-Based Maintenance For Geometry Restoration Of Railway Turnout Systems In Various Operational Environments, Muhammad Fitri Ishak, Serdar Dindar, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Turnout system is one of the most critical infrastructures in the railway operations. As high demand in railway operation, the railway operators have to increase the axle load, traffic density and speed of the operation. These would be able to give high impact to the turnout system as increasing the vibration level and noise when the rolling stock crossing the turnout. Therefore, any failure in turnout system can cause negative impact to the operation in scope of maintenance cost and catastrophic consequence effect from the failure could happen such as major derailment. Safety-based maintenance (SBM) approach is an effective maintenance ...


Passive Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (Purefc) For Energy Storage Applications, Sandeep Lele 2016 Santa Clara University

Passive Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (Purefc) For Energy Storage Applications, Sandeep Lele

Mechanical Engineering Masters Theses

Passive Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (PUReFC) prototypes were designed, fabricated, and tested as new energy storage devices capable of meeting demands in offgrid applications. Although flooded lead-acid batteries are typically used to provide low cost energy storage, improper disposal infrastructure and lack of education on battery maintenance can lead to serious health concerns. A Passive Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell can generate energy in a sustainable manner and possesses the ability to run in reverse, providing energy storage capability.

As Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells rely on effective internal water transport to provide stable operation, an energy efficient flood mitigation ...


Full Virtual Reality Vs. Integrated Virtual Reality Training In Welding, Richard T. Stone, Elease McLaurin, Peihan Zhong, Kristopher Patrick Watts 2016 Iowa State University

Full Virtual Reality Vs. Integrated Virtual Reality Training In Welding, Richard T. Stone, Elease Mclaurin, Peihan Zhong, Kristopher Patrick Watts

Richard T. Stone Ph.D.

This study demonstrates that both fully virtual and virtual reality (VR) integrated into real-world training programs are appropriate for use in the domain of welding training, depending on the level of task difficulty. Performance differences were virtually indistinguishable between participants in the fully virtual and the integrated training group at the low and medium weld difficulty levels. At the highest level of difficulty, it became apparent that the VR system was no longer solely sufficient for training. This study also tracked the usage patterns for the visual aids used in the VR simulator. These optional aids were presented to the ...


Rsl Rover, Patrick Barone, Giovanni Briggs, Aaron Burns, Hesham Naja, Zoe Demertzis 2016 Santa Clara University

Rsl Rover, Patrick Barone, Giovanni Briggs, Aaron Burns, Hesham Naja, Zoe Demertzis

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

The goal of this project was to design and implement an unmanned vehicle that can assess the air quality and general state of a post-fire environment. To do this, we equipped Santa Clara University's Polaris 6x6 Ranger with appropriate sensors and cameras to determine how safe the environment is for humans to enter. We also used GPS and laser scans to generate a 3D map that operators can use to define certain zones as particularly dangerous. Finally, we incorporated partially-autonomous sensing capabilities that will allow the operator to easily drive the vehicle. The result was a rugged, advanced, and ...


Pcb Prototyping, Kasey Chun, Dylan Hack, Ilja Medan, Michael Rudolf, Ryan Sidley 2016 Santa Clara University

Pcb Prototyping, Kasey Chun, Dylan Hack, Ilja Medan, Michael Rudolf, Ryan Sidley

Interdisciplinary Design Senior Theses

In today’s world, Printed Circuit Boards, also known as PCBs, are part of our daily lives. However, it is currently difficult for students in university classes or hobbyists to quickly produce custom made PCBs since no system exists where every step in the production process is on one platform. There are four main steps that go into manufacturing a PCB once it is fully designed which are: milling, solder dispensing, component placement, and a reflow process. The goal will be to create various toolheads and place them onto a single platform allowing the user to perform the aforementioned production ...


Torque Auditing Test Fixture For Hansen Medical’S Remote Catheter Manipulator Robot, Matt McKay, Charles Reins, Scott Schneider 2016 Santa Clara University

Torque Auditing Test Fixture For Hansen Medical’S Remote Catheter Manipulator Robot, Matt Mckay, Charles Reins, Scott Schneider

Mechanical Engineering Senior Theses

Current manufacturing test systems for motor control of Hansen's line of surgical robots are labor intensive, have room for operator error and do not supply sufficient information. Based upon an expected increase in production, the objective of this project was to replace their test protocol with a modular test fixture that improves test time, is intuitive to use, and enhances the user experience. We developed a modular design that works for both the Sensei and Magellan robots, and can be reconfigured easily for use on future robots. Using a control system and GUI made in LabVIEW, a magnetic particle ...


Project Space: Solar Panel Automated Cleaning Environment, Matt Burke, Ryan Greenough, Daniel Jensen, Elliot Voss 2016 Santa Clara University

Project Space: Solar Panel Automated Cleaning Environment, Matt Burke, Ryan Greenough, Daniel Jensen, Elliot Voss

Mechanical Engineering Senior Theses

The goal of Project SPACE is to create an automated solar panel cleaner that will address the adverse impact of soiling on commercial photovoltaic cells. Specifically, we hoped to create a device that increases the maximum power output of a soiled panel by 10% (recovering the amount of power lost) while still costing under $500 and operating for up to 7.0 years. A successful design should operate without the use of water. This will help solar panel arrays achieve a production output closer to their maximum potential and save companies on costs associated energy generation.

The current apparatus utilizes ...


Glows Co Automated Chemical Etching Machine For Fiber Optic Cable, Mishan Golshan, Peter Laird, Thomas Ostrander, Marty Winkler, Peter Savoy 2016 Santa Clara University

Glows Co Automated Chemical Etching Machine For Fiber Optic Cable, Mishan Golshan, Peter Laird, Thomas Ostrander, Marty Winkler, Peter Savoy

Mechanical Engineering Senior Theses

This report summarizes the conceptualization and development of an automated machine designed for a fiber optic cable stripping process used by Lumentum LLC. This process is currently manually operated by Lumentum’s technicians and involves unavoidable handling of corrosive chemicals. To increase technician safety, the process will be automated to reduce chemical - operator interactions. Improving safety conditions for technicians is the primary motivation for automating this process. Automation will also decrease process variation and increase product quality. GLOWS CO was tasked with creating this automated solution, leading to the design of the Automatic Chemical Etching Machine (or A-CHEM) for the ...


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