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Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Creating A Zero + Energy Building Model, Ashley N. Thompson 2017 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Creating A Zero + Energy Building Model, Ashley N. Thompson

Honors Theses

The goal of this project was to create an accurate representation of a zero + energy home both for physical experimentation and for numerical modeling. This means that the home does not rely on power from the grid, but only on alternative energy sources such as solar. The project consists of two major subcategories. The electrical portion of the project consists of implementing the energy source and control system, and the mechanical portion of the project consists of thermal analysis, thermal flow simulations, and physical construction. A 50 W solar panel was chosen as an energy source, which directs power to ...


Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

No abstract provided.


An Electrochemical Analysis Of Fretting Corrosion In Metal-On-Metal Hip Implants Subjected To High Impaction Loads, Joe Morin, Timothy L. Norman, Thomas K. Fehring 2017 Cedarville University

An Electrochemical Analysis Of Fretting Corrosion In Metal-On-Metal Hip Implants Subjected To High Impaction Loads, Joe Morin, Timothy L. Norman, Thomas K. Fehring

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty, a procedure where the hip joint is replaced by a femoral prosthesis with a metal femoral head and a metal socket, has been a popular option for patients requiring a hip joint replacement. Metal on metal hip implants have been a successful implant design until recently where there has been an increased number of failures of this type of implant due to fretting corrosion, believed to be caused from the use of large femoral heads. Fretting corrosion in hip implants results from cyclic micromotion at the taper-trunnion interface; this interface motion removes the protective oxidation ...


3d Printing Of Biodegradable Scaffolds For Tissue Engineering Applications, Joe Morin, Michael Pickett, Amy Abraham, Tiera Martinelli 2017 Cedarville University

3d Printing Of Biodegradable Scaffolds For Tissue Engineering Applications, Joe Morin, Michael Pickett, Amy Abraham, Tiera Martinelli

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

With the recent improvements in three dimensional (3D) printing technologies, the potential for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have significantly improved. One key idea in tissue engineering is to specifically design scaffolds to aid in the healing process by being incorporated into the body’s own tissue. The overall goal of this project is to investigate 3D printable scaffold design to access suitability for tissue replacement. This was accomplished by analyzing the effect of the material used to create the scaffolds, pore size, and pore shape on mechanical stiffness and cell culturability. Based on published literature, it was determined that ...


Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Software was developed, and is provided under a general use license, to calculate continuum level deformation gradient and stress for any group of atoms in an MD simulation that uses the Charmm force fields. This software can also calculate the interaction stress applied by one group of atoms on any other group. To obtain deformation gradient and stress, the user needs to provide the selected group(s) of atoms in an atom group identification file, and provide the associated LAMMPS format files and force field parameter file. An example is included to demonstrate the use of the software.


Applications Of Relative Motion Models Using Curvilinear Coordinate Frames, Alex C. Perez 2017 Utah State University

Applications Of Relative Motion Models Using Curvilinear Coordinate Frames, Alex C. Perez

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A new angles-only initial relative orbit determination (IROD) algorithm is derived using three line-of-sight observations. This algorithm accomplishes this by taking a Singular Value Decomposition of a 6x6 matrix to arrive at an approximate initial relative orbit determination solution. This involves the approximate solution of 6 polynomial equations in 6 unknowns. An iterative improvement algorithm is also derived that provides the exact solution, to numerical precision, of the 6 polynomial equations in 6 unknowns. The initial relative orbit algorithm is also expanded for more than three line-of-sight observations with an iterative improvement algorithm for more than three line-of-sight observations. The ...


Interacting With Grasped Objects In Expanded Haptic Workspaces Using The Bubble Technique, Ryan Andrew Pavlik, Judy M. Vance 2017 Iowa State University

Interacting With Grasped Objects In Expanded Haptic Workspaces Using The Bubble Technique, Ryan Andrew Pavlik, Judy M. Vance

Judy M. Vance

Haptic force-feedback can provide useful cues to users of virtual environments. Body-based haptic devices are portable but the more commonly used ground-based devices have workspaces that are limited by their physical grounding to a single base position and their operation as purely position-control devices. The “bubble technique” has recently been presented as one method of expanding a user's haptic workspace. The bubble technique is a hybrid position-rate control system in which a volume, or “bubble,” is defined entirely within the physical workspace of the haptic device. When the device's end effector is within this bubble, interaction is through ...


Spatial Mechanism Design In Virtual Reality With Networking, John N. Kihonge, Judy M. Vance, Pierre M. Larochelle 2017 Iowa State University

Spatial Mechanism Design In Virtual Reality With Networking, John N. Kihonge, Judy M. Vance, Pierre M. Larochelle

Judy M. Vance

Mechanisms are used in many devices to move a rigid body through a finite sequence of prescribed locations in space. The most commonly used mechanisms are four-bar planar mechanisms that move an object in one plane in space. Spatial mechanisms allow motion in three-dimensions (3D). Spatial 4C mechanisms are two degree of freedom kinematic closed-chains consisting of four rigid links simply connected in series by cylindrical (C) joints. A cylindrical joint is a two degree of freedom joint which allows translation along and rotation about a line in space. This paper describes a synthesis process for the design of 4C ...


Spherical Mechanism Synthesis In Virtual Reality, Todd J. Furlong, Judy M. Vance, Pierre M. Larochelle 2017 Iowa State University

Spherical Mechanism Synthesis In Virtual Reality, Todd J. Furlong, Judy M. Vance, Pierre M. Larochelle

Judy M. Vance

This paper presents a new approach to using virtual reality (VR) to design spherical mechanisms. VR provides a three dimensional design space where a designer can input design positions using a combination of hand gestures and motions and view the resultant mechanism in stereo using natural head movement to change the viewpoint. Because of the three dimensional nature of the design and verification of spherical mechanisms, VR is examined as a new design interface in this research. In addition to providing a VR environment for design, the research presented in this paper has focused on developing a “design in context ...


Applying Virtual Reality Techniques To Sensitivity-Based Structural Shape Design, Tsung-Pin Yeh, Judy M. Vance 2017 Iowa State University

Applying Virtual Reality Techniques To Sensitivity-Based Structural Shape Design, Tsung-Pin Yeh, Judy M. Vance

Judy M. Vance

Virtual reality (VR) provides a design space consisting of three-dimensional computer images where participants can interact with these images using natural human motions in real time. In the field of engineering design, prototyping and design verification have provided the initial application areas for VR. The research presented in this paper takes the scenario one step further by incorporating free-form deformation techniques and sensitivity analysis into the virtual world such that the designer can easily implement analysis-based shape design of a structural system where stress considerations are important. NURBSbased free-form deformation (NFFD) methods and direct manipulation techniques are used as the ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Traditional And Virtual Reality Interfaces In Spherical Mechanism Design, Paul T. Evans, Judy M. Vance, Veronica J. Dark 2017 Southwest Research Institute

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Traditional And Virtual Reality Interfaces In Spherical Mechanism Design, Paul T. Evans, Judy M. Vance, Veronica J. Dark

Judy M. Vance

Virtual reality (VR) interfaces have the potential to enhance the engineering design process, but before industry embraces them, the benefits must be understood and documented. The current research compared two software applications, one which uses a traditional human-computer interface (HCI) and one which uses a virtual reality HCI, that were developed to aid engineers in designing complex three-dimensional spherical mechanisms. Participants used each system to design a spherical mechanism and then evaluated the different interfaces. Participants rated their ability to interact with the computer images, their feelings about each interface, and their preferences for which interface device to use for ...


Rapid Development Of Natural User Interaction Using Kinect Sensors And Vrpn, Timothy B. Morgan, Diana Jarrell, Judy M. Vance 2017 Iowa State University

Rapid Development Of Natural User Interaction Using Kinect Sensors And Vrpn, Timothy B. Morgan, Diana Jarrell, Judy M. Vance

Judy M. Vance

The availability of low-cost natural user interaction (NUI) hardware took a significant step forward in 2010 with the introduction of the Microsoft Kinect. Despite significant work on the available software development kits for the Kinect, tasks beyond simple single-Kinect skeleton tracking remain challenging to implement. This paper introduces a software tool that significantly accelerates the prototyping and implementation of NUI in virtual reality, particularly for developers with limited programming skills. This is achieved by creating a graphical user interface to provide a consistent development environment for defining Kinect settings and voice commands. This is coupled with a server to transmit ...


Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Sio2 Microfibers As Catalysts For Micro Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Propulsion, Bolin Chen, Nathaniel T. Garland, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Eric Mootz, Allison Cargill, Anne Leners, Granit Vokshi, Jacob Davis, Wyatt Burns, Michael A. Daniele, Josh Kogot, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen 2017 Iowa State University

Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Sio2 Microfibers As Catalysts For Micro Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Propulsion, Bolin Chen, Nathaniel T. Garland, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Eric Mootz, Allison Cargill, Anne Leners, Granit Vokshi, Jacob Davis, Wyatt Burns, Michael A. Daniele, Josh Kogot, Igor L. Medintz, Jonathan C. Claussen

Jonathan C. Claussen

Micro unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) need to house propulsion mechanisms that are small in size but sufficiently powerful to deliver on-demand acceleration for tight radius turns, burst-driven docking maneuvers, and low-speed course corrections. Recently, small-scale hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) propulsion mechanisms have shown great promise in delivering pulsatile thrust for such acceleration needs. However, the need for robust, high surface area nanocatalysts that can be manufactured on a large scale for integration into micro UUV reaction chambers is still needed. In this report, a thermal/electrical insulator, silicon oxide (SiO2) microfibers, is used as a support for platinum nanoparticle (PtNP) catalysts ...


Nanomaterials Synthesis, Applications, And Toxicity 2012, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Dionysios Demetriou Dionysiou, Darren A. Lytle, Thomas F. Speth, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Nanomaterials Synthesis, Applications, And Toxicity 2012, Mallikarjuna Nadagouda, Dionysios Demetriou Dionysiou, Darren A. Lytle, Thomas F. Speth, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Nanotechnology presents new opportunities to create better materials and products. Nanomaterials find wide applications in catalysis, energy production, medicine, environmental remediation, automotive industry, and other sectors of our society. Nanomaterial-containing products are already available globally and include automotive parts, defense application, drug delivery devices, coatings, computers, clothing, cosmetics, sports equipment, and medical devices. This special issue includes emerging advances in the field, with a special emphasis given to nanomaterial synthesis and applications.


Reasoning Strategies In The Context Of Engineering Design With Everyday Materials, Marcelo Worsley, Paulo Blikstein 2017 Northwestern University

Reasoning Strategies In The Context Of Engineering Design With Everyday Materials, Marcelo Worsley, Paulo Blikstein

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

‘‘Making’’ represents an increasingly popular label for describing a form of engineering design. While making is growing in popularity, there are still open questions about the strategies that students are using in these activities. Assessing and improving learning in making/ engineering design contexts require that we have a better understanding of where students’ ideas are coming from and a better way to characterize student progress in open-ended learning environments. In this article, we use a qualitative analysis of students’ responses (N = 13) in order to identify the origins of their ideas. Four strategies emerged from this analysis: unexplained reasoning; materials-based ...


Building Energy Model Calibration For Retrofit Decision Making, Nicolas R. Johnson 2017 Portland State University

Building Energy Model Calibration For Retrofit Decision Making, Nicolas R. Johnson

Dissertations and Theses

Accommodating the continued increase in energy demand in the face of global climate change has been a worldwide concern. With buildings in the US consuming nearly 40% of national energy, a concerted effort must be given to reduce building energy consumption. As new buildings continue to improve their efficiency through more restrictive energy codes, the other 76.9 billion square feet of current building stock falls further behind. The rate at which current buildings are being retrofit is not enough and better tools are needed to access the benefits of retrofits and the uncertainties associated with them. This study proposes ...


Media Velocity Considerations In Pleated Air Filtration, Frederik Carl Schousboe 2017 University of South Florida

Media Velocity Considerations In Pleated Air Filtration, Frederik Carl Schousboe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Asset protection in the form of fluid filtration makes up an ever-increasing part of the civilized and industrialized world. Fluid filtration applications in the conditioned environment and life sciences are affording the world’s population a chance to better realize their potential, while industrial applications help ensure that high demand processes can be carried out safely, reliably, and effectively.

In the present work, a tool has been developed, using the computational fluid dynamics package FLUENT, to allow the designer to better predict the magnitude of geometric imperfections within a given pleat configuration.

Pleated rectangular filters, intended to improve the quality ...


Orthoplanar Spring Based Compliant Force/Torque Sensor For Robot Force Control, Jerry West 2017 University of South Florida

Orthoplanar Spring Based Compliant Force/Torque Sensor For Robot Force Control, Jerry West

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A compliant force/torque sensor for robot force control has been developed. This thesis presents methods of designing, testing, and implementing the sensor on a robotic system. The sensor uses an orthoplanar spring equipped with Hall-effect sensors to measure one component of force and two moment components. Its unique design allows for simple and cost effective manufacturing, high reliability, and compactness. The device may be used in applications where a robot must control contact forces with its environment, such as in surface cleaning tasks, manipulating doors, and removing threaded fasteners. The compliant design of the sensor improves force control performance ...


Simulation Of Hemiparetic Function Using A Knee Orthosis With Variable Impedance And A Proprioception Interference Apparatus, Christina-Anne Kathleen Lahiff 2017 University of South Florida

Simulation Of Hemiparetic Function Using A Knee Orthosis With Variable Impedance And A Proprioception Interference Apparatus, Christina-Anne Kathleen Lahiff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with stroke have neuromuscular weakness or paralysis on one side of the body caused by some muscles disengaging and overexciting other muscles. Hyperextension of the knee joint and complete lack of plantar flexion of the ankle joint are common symptoms of stroke. This thesis encompasses the simulation of hemiparetic function using both a knee orthosis with variable impedance, specifically in terms of stiffness and damping, and the Proprioception Interference Apparatus. The section regarding the knee orthosis with variable impedance focuses on the creation and implementation of a small, lightweight, and adjustable orthotic device to be positioned around the knee ...


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