Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

11,771 Full-Text Articles 12,785 Authors 2,855,754 Downloads 103 Institutions

All Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Faceted Search

11,771 full-text articles. Page 1 of 232.

Cours Enzymologie Fondamentale Et Appliquée (Niveau Master 1), Mamoudou H. DICKO, Prof. 2016

Cours Enzymologie Fondamentale Et Appliquée (Niveau Master 1), Mamoudou H. Dicko, Prof.

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

L'objectif principal de ce cours est de rappeler et donner aux étudiants les connaissances indispensables en enzymologie appliquée, à savoir :
- connaître la structure des enzymes, les méthodes d’extraction, de purification, de dosage et de caractérisation (électrophorèse, zymographie, etc.) des enzymes ;
- comprendre les principes fondamentaux de la cinétique chimique et la cinétique enzymatique y compris le rôle des inhibiteurs et autres effecteurs;
- comprendre les méthodes d’immobilisation des enzymes et leurs conséquences positives ou négatives dans la biocatalyse enzymatique;
- comprendre les différends domaines d’utilisation des enzymes en biochimie analytique, bio-industries, industrie agro-alimentaires, analyses bio-médicales, en diagnostic, etc.


Assessment Of Force Coordination And Neuromuscular Quickness In Healthy Adults, Karen L. Haberland 2016 Rowan University

Assessment Of Force Coordination And Neuromuscular Quickness In Healthy Adults, Karen L. Haberland

Theses and Dissertations

Throughout daily life, it is necessary to handle and control innumerable objects. To do so, one’s hands must be precisely regulated. To ensure that an object is effectively manipulated, an individual must apply a grip force (GF) perpendicular to the object’s surface to overcome load force (LF), which acts tangential to the surface to counteract the object’s weight and inertia. Previous studies have shown an elaborate coordination between GF and LF in a variety of object manipulation tasks in healthy populations. This kinetic analysis is clinically important because the GF-LF coordination is shown to deteriorate in aging ...


Experimental Validation Data For Cfd Of Forced Convection On A Vertical Flat Plate, Jeff R. Harris, Blake W. Lance, Barton L. Smith 2016 Utah State University

Experimental Validation Data For Cfd Of Forced Convection On A Vertical Flat Plate, Jeff R. Harris, Blake W. Lance, Barton L. Smith

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A CFD validation data set for turbulent forced convection on a vertical plate is presented. The design of the apparatus is based on recent validation literature and provides a means to simultaneously measure boundary conditions and system response quantities. All important inflow quantities for RANS CFD are also measured. Data are acquired at two heating conditions and cover the range 40;000 < Rex < 300;000, 357 < Red2 < 813 and 0:02 < Gr/Re2 < 0:232. The data and uncertainties are contained in files in the supplemental material


Nonlinear 3d Finite Element Modeling For Structural Failure Analysis Of Concrete Sleepers/Bearers At An Urban Turnout Diamond, Minh Vu, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Mario Attard 2016 Sydney Trains

Nonlinear 3d Finite Element Modeling For Structural Failure Analysis Of Concrete Sleepers/Bearers At An Urban Turnout Diamond, Minh Vu, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Mario Attard

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Railway urban turnout is a special track system used to divert a train from a particular direction or a particular track onto other directions or other tracks. It is a structural grillage system that consists of steel rails, points (or called “switches”), crossings, steel plates, rubber pads, insulators, fasteners, screw spikes, beam bearers (either tim- ber, polymer, steel, or concrete), ballast and formation. There are two types of turnouts, a conventional turnout and a tangential turnout. Standard conventional turnouts are designed typically for straight main line track. The combination of switch length, heel angle, and cross rate defines the turnout ...


Impact Of Mass And Bond Energy Difference And Interface Defects On Thermal Boundary Conductance, ChangJin Choi 2016 Utah State University

Impact Of Mass And Bond Energy Difference And Interface Defects On Thermal Boundary Conductance, Changjin Choi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many portions of energy generated in the U.S. are not used and take the form of wasted heat due to a poor heat transfer efficiency. This fact leads research communities to focus on thermoelectrics as a means for using waste heat through direct thermal to electrical energy conversion. One way to enhance thermoelectric efficiency is to reduce thermal conductivity through nanostructuring. In nanostructures, understanding energy transport across the interface of two materials is important because interfaces dominate the resistance to overall thermal transport of the system and can be described by thermal boundary conductance (TBC). Also of note, an ...


An Introduction To Green Walls: Green Facade, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo 2015

An Introduction To Green Walls: Green Facade, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo

mrakhshandehroo@yahoo.com

Although green wall is not a new concept and date back to hanging gardens of Babylonia in 600 BC, but flourished in current decades. In the age of sustainable development planners and architects look for solutions to green the buildings envelops and restore environmental conditions. A variety of different terminology in this area indicates the importance of issue: Hanging or vertical gardens, balcony gardens, vertical farms, containers or planter boxes greening, green roofs or rooftop gardens, green or eco buildings, green walls, wall planters, green envelops and green facades. They can be applied to increase bio diversity and ecological value ...


A New Computational Approach For Obtaining Optimized Tension Distributions In Redundant Cable-Driven Robots Along A Trajectory, Omid Saber 2015 Texas A&M University

A New Computational Approach For Obtaining Optimized Tension Distributions In Redundant Cable-Driven Robots Along A Trajectory, Omid Saber

Omid Saber

Employing flexible cables driven by controllable servo-motors enables cable robots to operate in a very large workspace. However, cables cannot push an object, and as a result, the controllability of a cable robot is constrained. Wrench-feasibility of a cable robot can be improved by adding cables to the robot. Accordingly, redundancy is necessary in order to enhance the controllability of the end-effector. The main problem that should be addressed for a redundant cable robot is to obtain a solution for cable tensions so that the cables stay in tension at all positions of the end-effector. In this paper, we propose ...


Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff 2015 University of New Mexico

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff

Nima Fathi

This study considers an appropriate expression to estimate the output power of solar chimney power plant systems (SCPPS). Recently several mathematical models of a solar chimney power plant were derived, studied for a variety of boundary conditions, and compared against CFD calculations. An important concern for modeling SCPPS is about the accuracy of the derived pressure drop and output power equation. To elucidate the matter, axisymmetric CFD analysis was performed to model the solar chimney power plant and calculate the output power for different available solar irradiation. Both analytical and numerical results were compared against the available experimental data from ...


Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff 2015 University of New Mexico

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff

Nima Fathi

This study considers an appropriate expression to estimate the output power of solar chimney power plant systems (SCPPS). Recently several mathematical models of a solar chimney power plant were derived, studied for a variety of boundary conditions, and compared against CFD calculations. An important concern for modeling SCPPS is about the accuracy of the derived pressure drop and output power equation. To elucidate the matter, axisymmetric CFD analysis was performed to model the solar chimney power plant and calculate the output power for different available solar irradiation. Both analytical and numerical results were compared against the available experimental data from ...


Developing And Testing An Anguilliform Robot Swimming With Theoretically High Hydrodynamic Efficiency, John B. Potts III 2015 University of New Orleans

Developing And Testing An Anguilliform Robot Swimming With Theoretically High Hydrodynamic Efficiency, John B. Potts Iii

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

An anguilliform swimming robot replicating an idealized motion is a complex marine vehicle necessitating both a theoretical and experimental analysis to completely understand its propulsion characteristics. The ideal anguilliform motion within is theorized to produce ``wakeless'' swimming (Vorus, 2011), a reactive swimming technique that produces thrust by accelerations of the added mass in the vicinity of the body. The net circulation for the unsteady motion is theorized to be eliminated.

The robot was designed to replicate the desired, theoretical motion by applying control theory methods. Independent joint control was used due to hardware limitations. The fluid velocity vectors in the ...


Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, VASILEIOS TZELEPIS 2015 University of New Orleans

Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, Vasileios Tzelepis

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The development of a numeric simulation for predicting the performance of an Ocean Current Energy Conversion System is presented in this thesis along with a control system development using a PID controller for the achievement of specified rotational velocity set-points. In the beginning, this numeric model is implemented in MATLAB/Simulink® and it is used to predict the performance of a three phase squirrel single-cage type induction motor/generator in two different cases. The first case is a small 3 meter rotor diameter, 20 kW ocean current turbine with fixed pitch blades, and the second case a 20 meter, 720 ...


Numerical Simulations Of Negative Flexural Responses (Hogging) In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Tetsuya Ishida, Alex M Remennikov 2015

Numerical Simulations Of Negative Flexural Responses (Hogging) In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Tetsuya Ishida, Alex M Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


By the very nature of ballast, it interacts with concrete sleepers in a special way. Most train-track models do not consider its tensionless characteristics and cannot accurately predict dynamic responses of structural components in railway tracks. This study has taken into account its natural tensionless property in order to investigate reverse bending moment at the mid span of standard-gauge concrete sleepers, which causes some concerns in many countries. It has been reported that the excessive negative bending moment at the mid span results in associated flexural cracks and centre-bound problems in rail freight and heavy haul networks especially in North ...


Diagnostic Of Flexural Damage On Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers Using Dynamic Modal Responses, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Kaio Jara Faria 2015

Diagnostic Of Flexural Damage On Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers Using Dynamic Modal Responses, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Kaio Jara Faria

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Flexural damages in railway prestressed concrete sleepers are often hidden from visual inspections during track monitoring and maintenance activities. Often, small cracks can sometimes be generated due to aggressive dynamic actions. These cracks indicate a level of serviceability of the railway sleepers. Severe cracks can impair rail gauge stability due to large rail inclinations. This gauge instability can cause train derailments, especially in curves and transitions where lateral train force incurs coincide with unstable two point contacts between wheel and rail. An attempt to develop a non-destructive diagnostic tool for  structural health of prestressed concrete sleepers in railway tracks using ...


Spectrally-Accurate Algorithm For Flows In 3-Dimensional Rough Channels, Md Nazmus Sakib 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Spectrally-Accurate Algorithm For Flows In 3-Dimensional Rough Channels, Md Nazmus Sakib

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this work a spectrally accurate algorithm has been developed for the simulation of three-dimensional flows bounded by rough walls. The algorithm is based on the velocity-vorticity formulation and uses the concept of Immersed Boundary Conditions (IBC) for the enforcement of the boundary conditions. The flow domain is immersed inside a fixed computational domain. The geometry of the boundaries is expressed in terms of double Fourier expansions and boundary conditions enter the algorithm in the form of constraints. The spatial discretization uses Fourier expansions in the stream-wise and span-wise directions and Chebyshev expansions in the wall-normal direction. The algorithm can ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Micro Electrical Discharge Machining Process, Bai Shao 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Modeling And Simulation Of Micro Electrical Discharge Machining Process, Bai Shao

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Micro parts and systems are playing crucial roles in the area of semiconductor, biomedical device, micro fluid devices, automotive, aerospace and so forth. Micro manufacturing is one of the most important technologies in realizing miniaturization. Compared to other micro manufacturing methods, micro-EDM is drawing lots of attention due to its ability to machine complex 3D parts regardless of the hardness of the workpiece material.

Micro-EDM is the cumulative result of numerous single discharges; therefore, it is crucial to understand the single discharge material removal process in micro-EDM. However, due to the stochastic nature and complex process mechanism, micro-EDM, including its ...


Visual Servoing Of Quadrotors For Perching By Hanging From Cylindrical Objects, Justin Thomas, Giuseppe Loianno, Kostas Daniilidis, Vijay Kumar 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Visual Servoing Of Quadrotors For Perching By Hanging From Cylindrical Objects, Justin Thomas, Giuseppe Loianno, Kostas Daniilidis, Vijay Kumar

Departmental Papers (MEAM)

This paper addresses vision-based localization and servoing for quadrotors to enable autonomous perching by hanging from cylindrical structures using only a monocular camera. We focus on the problems of relative pose estimation, control, and trajectory planning for maneuvering a robot relative to cylinders with unknown orientations. We first develop a geometric model that describes the pose of the robot relative to a cylinder. Then, we derive the dynamics of the system, expressed in terms of the image features. Based on the dynamics, we present a controller which guarantees asymptotic convergence to the desired image space coordinates. Finally, we develop an ...


Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Consistently increasing CO2 emission and ozone depletion from synthetic refrigerants are serious environmental issues challenging the scientific community. Absorption cooling systems give scope of utilizing low grade energy source for generating cooling effect. Solar energy is one of these low grade energy sources and with considering the fact that cooling demand increases with the intensity of solar radiation, solar refrigeration has been considered as a logical solution.

This thesis consists of two different simulation stages, in the first stage, a single effect lithium bromide absorption cooling system with constant cooling capacity is modeled and the effect of ambient and generator ...


Tilting Mechanism For A Four Wheeler, Dr V Balambica, Er Vishwa Deepak 2015 Department Of Mechanical Engineering,* BIHER ** GKM College of Engineering, Chennai, India

Tilting Mechanism For A Four Wheeler, Dr V Balambica, Er Vishwa Deepak

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Here in this paper a tilting mechanism is carried out for a normal fuel run track car to give it the flexibility of a motor cycle. This feature enables the car to tilt in to the curve while negotiating it. Our analysis shows that to increase the maximum curve at speed by more than 50%. The method we have used is a simple mechanical tilting system controlled by a simple DC stepper motor which is controlled electronically. This tilting mechanism if successful should dramatically increase the maximum speed in curves. This should also provide the advantages of increased passenger comfort ...


Application Of Design Failure Modes And Effect Analysis (Dfmea) To Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox, Gaurav J. Pawar 1 ,, Soumendu J. Mukhopadhyay 2 2015 Savitribai Phule Pune University,2 Banglore University

Application Of Design Failure Modes And Effect Analysis (Dfmea) To Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox, Gaurav J. Pawar 1 ,, Soumendu J. Mukhopadhyay 2

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Design FMEA is structured method of identifying potential failure modes and providing corrective actions before first production run occurs. This paper aims to provide probable causes of failure, levels of effects of failure and corrective actions to be taken in the design phase for BevelPlanetary Vertical Roller Mill Gearbox.


Microstructure Alone Induced Wetting Transition From Hydrophilic To Hydrophobic On Silicon And Graphene, Henry L. Ems 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Microstructure Alone Induced Wetting Transition From Hydrophilic To Hydrophobic On Silicon And Graphene, Henry L. Ems

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

In the present work, transition from hydrophilic to hydrophobic wetting states for an intrinsically hydrophilic surface (contact angle less than 45 degrees) using only surface microstructuring is presented. The surface microstructures are re-entrant microcavities (inverted trapezoidal microstructures) which promote air entrapment below the water droplet causing a Cassie wetting state as opposed to a Wenzel state where the surface is completely wetted. The microstructures were fabricated on a Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) wafer through steps of deposition, photolithography, etching, and bonding. Contact angle measurements demonstrated the ability of the microfabricated surfaces to sustain large contact angles above 100°, in comparison to a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress