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Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Hitch Cart “Landing Gear”, Rebekah White, Jose Raygoza, Randy Hernandez, Brandon Leon

Mechanical Engineering

This report aims to allow our sponsor, to review our design process of the Hitch Cart Landing Gear Prototype. In the design overview section of this report, we discuss the primary design modifications we made to the wheel mechanism of the existing hitch cart prototype, including the addition of the ACME screws and the folding brackets. This allows our sponsor to see the intended improvements made to the past prototype and understand the primary goal of our project. Then, in the implementation section, we cover the entire manufacturing process to allow our sponsor to understand what manufacturing steps must be …


Compatibility Of Friction Materials Of Brake Pads With Alumina-Coated Cast Iron, Yinting Liu 2024 University of Windsor

Compatibility Of Friction Materials Of Brake Pads With Alumina-Coated Cast Iron, Yinting Liu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to new emission regulations, the automotive industry has explored various coating and surface treatment technologies like laser cladding, thermal spraying, Ferritic Nitrocarburizing (FNC), and Plasma Electrolytic Aluminating (PEA) to improve wear and corrosion resistance in brake rotors and reduce particle emissions. The PEA process, producing alumina-based ceramic coatings on cast iron brake rotors, demonstrates excellent corrosion resistance and reduced particle emissions. This study investigates the compatibility of different brake pads with alumina-coated rotors through pin-on-disc (POD) tribotests, using various brake pad formulations. The evaluation includes PEA-coated and FNC-treated brake rotors under different corrosion conditions, analyzed through wet paper towel …


Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb 2024 American University in Cairo

Shape Memory Alloy Capsule Micropump For Drug Delivery Applications, Youssef Mohamed Kotb

Theses and Dissertations

Implantable drug delivery devices have many benefits over traditional drug administration techniques and have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. By delivering the medication directly to the tissue, they enable the use of larger localized concentrations, enhancing the efficacy of the treatment. Passive-release drug delivery systems, one of the various ways to provide medication, are great inventions. However, they cannot dispense the medication on demand since they are nonprogrammable. Therefore, active actuators are more advantageous in delivery applications. Smart material actuators, however, have greatly increased in popularity for manufacturing wearable and implantable micropumps due to their high energy …


Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Of Multi-Materials Fabricated Through A Combination Of Lpbf And Ded Additive Manufacturing Techniques, Christopher J. Bettencourt 2024 Utah State University

Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Of Multi-Materials Fabricated Through A Combination Of Lpbf And Ded Additive Manufacturing Techniques, Christopher J. Bettencourt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

This research explores the use of different metals combined through 3D-printing to enhance the performance of materials, with a focus on making heat exchangers more cost-effective for renewable energy. The goal is to replace a costly high-temperature alloy with a more affordable low-temperature alloy, using metal additive manufacturing for its benefits such as less material waste, faster production, reduced weight, and the ability to print entire assemblies in one go. The study delves into a unique combination of two 3D-printing techniques, Directed Energy Deposition and Laser Powder-Bed Fusion, to create a multi-material composed of stainless steel 316L and a nickel-based …


Jet-Driven Mixing Regimes Identified In The Unsteady Isothermal Filling Of Rectangular Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore, K. (Kelly) O. Homan 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Jet-Driven Mixing Regimes Identified In The Unsteady Isothermal Filling Of Rectangular Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore, K. (Kelly) O. Homan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Poor mixing of old and new water in municipal water storage vessels is a well-documented basis for potentially harmful water quality degradation in drinking water distribution systems. This numerical study investigates the effects of inflow and operational variables on mixing in the jet-driven filling process, with a particular focus on the transition from inadequate to sufficient mixing levels. An isothermal unsteady reynolds-averaged-navier-stokes volume-of-fluid (RANS-VOF) simulation is used to model the variable-volume filling process, accounting for the moving free surface following a draw-down in the stored water volume. A low diffusivity tracer is used to mark the old-water volume, and a …


Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation discusses the mobility politics of container shipping and argues that technological development, political-economic order, and social infrastructure co-produce one another. Containerization, the use of standardized containers to carry cargo across modes of transportation that is said to have revolutionized and globalized international trade since the late 1950s, has served to expand and extend the power of international coalitions of states and corporations to control the movements of commodities (shipments) and labor (seafarers). The advent and development of containerization was driven by a sociotechnical imaginary and international social contract of seamless shipping and cargo flows. In practice, this liberal, …


Study Of Vortices Formation In Lateral Intakes Of Pumping Stations, Muhammad Elgindi 2024 American University in Cairo

Study Of Vortices Formation In Lateral Intakes Of Pumping Stations, Muhammad Elgindi

Theses and Dissertations

The inefficient design of pumping stations leads to undesirable flow characteristics and the formation of vortices in the sump. These undesirable flow features adversely affect the pumping unit performance and increase the operation and maintenance cost. The aim of this thesis is to assess the ability of the Realizable turbulence model to predict the formation of free-surface and submerged vortices within lateral pumping stations’ intakes. Additionally, the study aims to investigate the effect of the flow ratio and bottom clearance on the flow characteristics and the vortices formation in the sump. Finally, the study introduces an assessment of curtain walls …


A 3d Imaging-Based Critique Of Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (Waam) Simulations, Omar Oraby 2024 American University in Cairo

A 3d Imaging-Based Critique Of Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (Waam) Simulations, Omar Oraby

Theses and Dissertations

Residual stresses play a critical role in the mechanical behavior and structural integrity of engineered components. Understanding and quantifying these stresses are essential for ensuring the reliable performance and durability of materials and structures. Traditionally destructive methods are used that involve sample sectioning and material removal. However, non-destructive methods have gained popularity due to their advantages in preserving the specimen's integrity for further testing and material waste reduction. Among these techniques, Digital Image Correlation (DIC) stands out as a powerful non-contact and full-field measurement approach. DIC captures displacements and strain distributions by analyzing the deformation of speckle patterns on the …


Dynamic Material Characterization Of Polymeric Foam By Means Of Experimental, Analytical, Phenomenological And Numerical Methods, Foad Rahimidehgolan 2024 University of Windsor

Dynamic Material Characterization Of Polymeric Foam By Means Of Experimental, Analytical, Phenomenological And Numerical Methods, Foad Rahimidehgolan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The main objective of this study was to advance the experimental, numerical, phenomenological and analytical methods of assessing the dynamic compressive response of polymeric foams, especially at an intermediate strain rate range of 50 s-1 to 600 s-1. Different experimental apparatuses and techniques, including the universal compression/tension testing machine (strain rates up to 0.5 s-1), custom-build droptower (a strain rate range of 50 s-1 to 200 s-1) and pneumatic testing apparatus (a strain rate range of 200 s-1 to 600 s-1) were utilized in the macro-mechanical characterization. The microstructure of the investigated polymeric foams was studied by means of Scanning …


Smartphone Color Error Analysis, Mackenna Hawes 2024 Purdue University

Smartphone Color Error Analysis, Mackenna Hawes

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Liquid Nitrogen Shrink-Fitting Process, Natalie Harvey 2024 Purdue University

Liquid Nitrogen Shrink-Fitting Process, Natalie Harvey

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Research On An Improved Cotton Cleaner Unit, Muzaffar Djurayev, Sherqul Hakimov, ilhom Abbazov, Rashid Kaldybaev 2024 Termiz State University

Research On An Improved Cotton Cleaner Unit, Muzaffar Djurayev, Sherqul Hakimov, Ilhom Abbazov, Rashid Kaldybaev

Technical science and innovation

This article analyzes the results of changes to the working parts of a cotton cleaning unit from small and large impurities. It is known that the UXK installation uses continuous cleaning technology, that is, the cotton entering the purifier is cleaned in all its cleaning sections and then transferred to another process. In these sections, pieces of cotton wool from the separated waste are regenerated in a separate drum. Existing purifier suppliers use a manually operated mechanical system to monitor its performance. These factors do not make it possible to control the cleaning process when the quality indicators of cotton …


Myosin-Independent Stiffness Sensing By Fibroblasts Is Regulated By The Viscoelasticity Of Flowing Actin, Nikhil Mittal, Etienne B. Michels, Andrew E. Massey, Yunxiu Qiu, Shaina P. Royer-Weeden, Bryan R. Smith, Alexander X. Cartagena-Rivera, Sangyoon J. Han 2024 Michigan Technological University

Myosin-Independent Stiffness Sensing By Fibroblasts Is Regulated By The Viscoelasticity Of Flowing Actin, Nikhil Mittal, Etienne B. Michels, Andrew E. Massey, Yunxiu Qiu, Shaina P. Royer-Weeden, Bryan R. Smith, Alexander X. Cartagena-Rivera, Sangyoon J. Han

Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2

The stiffness of the extracellular matrix induces differential tension within integrin-based adhesions, triggering differential mechanoresponses. However, it has been unclear if the stiffness-dependent differential tension is induced solely by myosin activity. Here, we report that in the absence of myosin contractility, 3T3 fibroblasts still transmit stiffness-dependent differential levels of traction. This myosin-independent differential traction is regulated by polymerizing actin assisted by actin nucleators Arp2/3 and formin where formin has a stronger contribution than Arp2/3 to both traction and actin flow. Intriguingly, despite only slight changes in F-actin flow speed observed in cells with the combined inhibition of Arp2/3 and myosin …


Optimum Design Of Metallic And Plastic Cylindrical Gears Using Naturally-Inspired Algorithms: A Review, Marah Elsiedy, Hesham Hegazi, Ahmed Elkassas, Abdelhameed Zayed 2024 Department of Production Engineering and Mechanical Design, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Optimum Design Of Metallic And Plastic Cylindrical Gears Using Naturally-Inspired Algorithms: A Review, Marah Elsiedy, Hesham Hegazi, Ahmed Elkassas, Abdelhameed Zayed

Journal of Engineering Research

Abstract- Nowadays, several machinery and vehicles utilize mechanical elements which transmit power ranges from low, middle, and high levels depending on the type of equipment needed. Gears are the most influential design elements on any process during the running of a specific application, moreover engineers tried to obtain the optimality of a gear design which is a more compact, reliable- long service with simply operating features by following a systematic calculation of the mathematical model from standards and handbooks, however this process doesn't give the optimal design of the gears. Optimization techniques have been added to the design process for …


Enhancing The Performance Of Conventional Solar Still Using The Nano-Doped Paint (Ndp) Coating, Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof.Dr, Nermin Elgendy Engineer, Ayman R. El-Tohamy 2024 Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University

Enhancing The Performance Of Conventional Solar Still Using The Nano-Doped Paint (Ndp) Coating, Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof.Dr, Nermin Elgendy Engineer, Ayman R. El-Tohamy

Journal of Engineering Research

Nations are throughout the entire globe continuously confronting the problem of potable water shortage. Recently, it has been thought that using solar energy to desalinate brackish water offers a practical answer to the world's water crises. The output of these stills, is meager, and academics haven't done much to boost it in any way. Solar distillers have been proposed as an efficient method to produce potable water. In recent years, saltwater has produced drinking water by various ways. The efficiency of a solar distiller is significantly influenced by various factors, most important factor of them is the absorber surface. In …


Numerical Study Of The Effect Of Long Shroud Diffuser With And Without Plate Obstacle On The Performance Of Savonius Wind Turbine, Alsaied khalil Mahmoud, Mohamed Mahgoub Bassuoni, Mohamed Fawzy Obiaa, Ahmed Mostafa Khaira 2024 Department of Mechanical Power, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University

Numerical Study Of The Effect Of Long Shroud Diffuser With And Without Plate Obstacle On The Performance Of Savonius Wind Turbine, Alsaied Khalil Mahmoud, Mohamed Mahgoub Bassuoni, Mohamed Fawzy Obiaa, Ahmed Mostafa Khaira

Journal of Engineering Research

This study presents the three-dimensional (3-D) numerical analysis of the influence of the plate obstacle installed at the entrance of the long flanged diffuser on the simple Savonius rotor performance by ANSYS 2022 R1. In the beginning, the 3-D numerical model is validated using the sst k-ω turbulence model with the previous published experimental results at the same conditions, and they are in good agreement with each other. The numerical results indicate the remarkable enhancement of the rotor performance at a tip speed ratio of 0 to 0.7 by using a flanged diffuser with a plate obstacle. The shrouded diffuser …


The Influence Of Using Hho With Sunflower And Soybean Oil Biodiesel/Diesel Blend On Pcci Engine Characteristics, Mai H. Aboubakr, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof. Dr., Ayman R. El-Tohamy Dr. 2024 Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University

The Influence Of Using Hho With Sunflower And Soybean Oil Biodiesel/Diesel Blend On Pcci Engine Characteristics, Mai H. Aboubakr, Medhat Elkelawy Prof. Dr., Hagar Alm-Eldin Bastawissi Prof. Dr., Ayman R. El-Tohamy Dr.

Journal of Engineering Research

This research studies the influence of various blends of sunflower and soybean oil biodiesel with diesel fuel on premixed charge compression engine characteristics, including performance and exhaust emissions, and also investigates the impact caused by oxyhydrogen gas addition on them. The experiments were carried out on a single cylinder PCCI engine which utilizing eight blends of the fuels. Conventional diesel, B20D80, B40D60, B60D40, B80D20, B40D60 + 5 LPM HHO, B40D60 + 10 LPM HHO, and B40D60 + 15 LPM HHO have been used to obtain performance and exhaust emissions characteristics. The hydrogen peroxide additive has introduced into the engine manifold …


Stick-Fixed Maneuver Points In Roll, Pitch, And Yaw And Associated Handling Qualities, Benjamin C. Moulton, Troy A. Abraham, Douglas F. Hunsaker 2024 Utah State University

Stick-Fixed Maneuver Points In Roll, Pitch, And Yaw And Associated Handling Qualities, Benjamin C. Moulton, Troy A. Abraham, Douglas F. Hunsaker

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Student Publications and Presentations

The stick-fixed pitch maneuver point is an important measure of aircraft longitudinal dynamic response and handling quality characteristics, and includes effects of both aerodynamic and inertia properties of the aircraft about the pitch axis. In the present work, the existence of stick-fixed roll and yaw maneuver points is demonstrated, which are determined from the lateral forces, moments, and inertial properties of the aircraft. These stick-fixed roll and yaw maneuver points are directly related to the predicted lateral handling qualities. Example results are included for several aircraft that demonstrate the importance of this parameter when predicting the dynamic response of the …


Mathematical Modeling Of Fruit Drying And System Analysis Of The Process (On The Example Of Persimmon), Gani Dadayev, Jasur Safarov, Shakhnoza Sultanova, Qobiljon Muxiddinov 2024 Tashkent State Technical University, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Mathematical Modeling Of Fruit Drying And System Analysis Of The Process (On The Example Of Persimmon), Gani Dadayev, Jasur Safarov, Shakhnoza Sultanova, Qobiljon Muxiddinov

Technical science and innovation

Vegetable raw materials, as an object of drying, are characterized by a large amount of water and a low content of dry substances. Vegetable raw materials have a capillary-porous structure. Food products contain both bound and free moisture at the same time. The removal of moisture from the material during drying depends on the total moisture content and the form of connection of moisture with the material. Adsorption and osmotic - bound moisture is retained at the interface of colloidal particles with the environment. Food products contain both bound and free moisture at the same time. The quantitative ratio between …


Improvement Of Convective Drying Equipment, A Ponasenko, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova 2024 Belarusian National Technical University, Minsk city, Republic of Belarus;

Improvement Of Convective Drying Equipment, A Ponasenko, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova

Technical science and innovation

Drying of agricultural raw materials is an energy-consuming but integral process. Therefore, increasing the efficiency of drying and improving the quality indicators of dried material at minimum material and energy costs is relevant for producers of agricultural products. By present time numerous researches on improvement of constructions and processes of work of dryers providing satisfactory parameters of energy saving have been carried out. In some scientific materials it is shown that the use of generative gas and straw as fuel allows to reduce energy costs for the drying process in the fluidised bed dryer by 10-30%, the quality of seeds …


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