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Heat Transfer Vest, Nicholas Forsgaard 2018 Central Washington University

Heat Transfer Vest, Nicholas Forsgaard

All Undergraduate Projects

The purpose of this report is to document the progression of the authors senior project. . The of that project was the research of Liquid Cooled Garment (LCG) technology, the generation of a novel LCG prototype and the testing of that prototype relative to a commercial benchmark. As such, this report is a complete narrative of the of these tasks, their execution and the underlying assumptions and commentary. The motivation for this report is to satisfy the capstone requirements of the MET program at CWU by documenting the Senior Project and its subordinate tasks. First, the student designed a LCG system ...


Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Performance Metrics For Depth-Based Signal Separation Using Deep Vertical Line Arrays, Gabriel Paul Kniffin, John Kenneth Boyle, Lisa Zurk, Martin Siderius 2017 Portland State University

Performance Metrics For Depth-Based Signal Separation Using Deep Vertical Line Arrays, Gabriel Paul Kniffin, John Kenneth Boyle, Lisa Zurk, Martin Siderius

Lisa M. Zurk

A recent publication by McCargar and Zurk [(2013). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 133(4), EL320–EL325] introduced a modified Fourier transform-based method for passive source depth estimation using vertical line arrays deployed below the critical depth in the deep ocean. This method utilizes the depth-dependent modulation caused by the interference between the direct and surface-reflected acoustic arrivals, the observation of which is enhanced by propagation through the reliable acoustic path. However, neither the performance of this method nor its limits of applicability have yet been thoroughly investigated. This paper addresses both of these issues; the first by identifying and analyzing ...


Deep Ocean Vector Sensor Array Performance Metrics, Gabriel Kniffin, Lisa Zurk 2017 Portland State University

Deep Ocean Vector Sensor Array Performance Metrics, Gabriel Kniffin, Lisa Zurk

Lisa M. Zurk

Recent work in passive sonar has drawn interest in the potential for vertical line arrays (VLAs) deployed below the critical depth—the depth inthe deep ocean at which the sound speed below the channel axis reaches the sound speed near the surface. Such arrays can take advantage of propagation via the reliable acoustic path (RAP), which has been shown to improve thesignal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of received signals from sources at or near the surface at moderate ranges.


Probability Distribution Of Multiple-Target Data Snapshots Applied To Large-Aperture Array Processing, Jorge E. Quijano, Lisa Zurk 2017 University of Victoria

Probability Distribution Of Multiple-Target Data Snapshots Applied To Large-Aperture Array Processing, Jorge E. Quijano, Lisa Zurk

Lisa M. Zurk

We consider sonar array target detection and azimuth estimation in experimental scenarios consisting of large-aperture horizontal line arrays of hydrophones in the water column.


Reversible Control Of The Magnetization Of Fe₃O₄ Via Lithium Ions, Guodong Wei, Lin Wei, Dong Wang, Yufeng Tian, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao 2017 Shandong University

Reversible Control Of The Magnetization Of Fe₃O₄ Via Lithium Ions, Guodong Wei, Lin Wei, Dong Wang, Yufeng Tian, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Jun Jiao

In this report, a reversible control of Fe₃O₄ saturated magnetization by Li ions is demonstrated. A miniature Li ion battery (LIB) was assembled using a Fe₃O₄ nanoparticle layer as the active cathode. A stable magnetism modulation is realized by a nondestructive electrochemical process in which the lithium insertion results in a valence change and partial redistribution of Fe cations in the crystal structure. The relation between the discharge voltage and the chemical phases were studied by ex situ X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurement. In a suitable discharge potential range, a reversible control of Fe₃O₄ saturated magnetization was obtained without structural ...


A Dual-Potential Formulation Of The Navier-Stokes Equations , Steven Gerard Gegg 2017 Iowa State University

A Dual-Potential Formulation Of The Navier-Stokes Equations , Steven Gerard Gegg

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A dual potential formulation for numerically solving the Navier-Stokes equations is developed and presented. The velocity field is decomposed using a scalar and vector potential. Vorticity and dilatation are used as the dependent variables in the momentum equations. Test cases in two dimensions verify the capability to solve flows using approximations from potential flow to full Navier-Stokes simulations. A three-dimensional incompressible flow formulation is also described;An interesting feature of this approach to solving the Navier-Stokes equations is the decomposition of the velocity field into a rotational part (vector potential) and an irrotational part (scalar potential). The Helmholtz decomposition theorem ...


Case Study: The Influence Of Oil-Based Friction Modifier Quantity On Tram Braking Distance And Noise, Rondos Galas, Milan Omasta, Martin Klapka, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ivan Krupka, Martin Hartl 2017 Brno University of Technology

Case Study: The Influence Of Oil-Based Friction Modifier Quantity On Tram Braking Distance And Noise, Rondos Galas, Milan Omasta, Martin Klapka, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ivan Krupka, Martin Hartl

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

In the present study, the twin disc machine and the light rail system was employed in order to investigate the ability of oil-based friction modifier (FM) to optimize adhesion and to reduce noise. The risks associated with poor adhesion conditions after the application of FM were evaluated. Both laboratory and field experiments showed that if the contact is overdosed by FM, the poor adhesion, which results in the extension of braking distance, can occur. In contrast, the smaller quantities do not cause critical adhesion but the effect of FM on the noise reduction is negligible. This study indicates that it ...


Mathematical Description And Mechanistic Reasoning: A Pathway Toward Stem Integration, Paul J. Weinberg 2017 Oakland University

Mathematical Description And Mechanistic Reasoning: A Pathway Toward Stem Integration, Paul J. Weinberg

Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER)

Because reasoning about mechanism is critical to disciplined inquiry in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) domains, this study focuses on ways to support the development of this form of reasoning. This study attends to how mechanistic reasoning is constituted through mathematical description. This study draws upon Smith’s (2007) characterization of mathematical description of scientific phenomena as ‘‘bootstrapping,’’ where negotiating the relationship between target phenomena and represented relations is fundamental to learning. In addition, the development of mathematical representation presents a viable pathway towards STEM integration. In this study, participants responded to an assessment of mechanistic reasoning while cognitive ...


A Parametric Investigation And Optimization Of A Cylindrical Explosive Charge, Logan Ellsworth Beaver 2017 Marquette University

A Parametric Investigation And Optimization Of A Cylindrical Explosive Charge, Logan Ellsworth Beaver

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Explosive device design has a wide impact in the space, manufacturing, military, and mining industries. As a step toward computer assisted design of explosives, an optimization framework was developed using the Design Analysis Kit for Optimization and Terrascale Applications (Dakota). This software was coupled with the hydrocode CTH. This framework was applied to three exploding cylinder models, two in 1D and one in 2D. Gradient descent, dividing rectangles, and a genetic algorithm were each applied to the one-dimensional models. Parametric studies were performed as a basis for comparison with the optimization algorithms, as well as qualifying the 1D model's ...


Heat Transfer Analysis Of Localized Heat-Treatment For Grade 91 Steel, Jacob D. Walker 2017 Utah State University

Heat Transfer Analysis Of Localized Heat-Treatment For Grade 91 Steel, Jacob D. Walker

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many of the projects utilizing Grade 91 steel are large in scale, therefore it is necessary to assemble on site. The assembly of the major pieces often requires welding in the assembly; welding drastically changes the superior mechanical properties of Grade 91 steel that it was specifically developed for. Therefore, because of the adverse effects of welding on the mechanical properties of Grade 91, it is necessary to do a localized post weld heat treatment.

In this study a localized post weld heat treatment is used to gather experimental data. The data is then used to derive unknown heat transfer ...


A Study In The Use Of Elastic Materials In Expandable Containment Units, Andrew J. Eisenman, Joby Anthony III, David Satagaj 2017 Liberty University

A Study In The Use Of Elastic Materials In Expandable Containment Units, Andrew J. Eisenman, Joby Anthony Iii, David Satagaj

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

The rigidity of materials in conjunction with the aspect of elasticity has been a concern of modern technologies and construction in recent centuries because of the advantages that expandable storage would bring to the fields of containment units with respect to population growth and space exploration. The world population is currently growing at an exponential rate, and as our population grows, the more important it will become to have containment units that can both contain large volumes of material as well as minuscule amounts of material without wasting space. In order accomplish this, we will need a new type of ...


Phonon Dispersion And Relaxation Time In Uranium Dioxide, Dallin Parkinson 2017 Utah State University

Phonon Dispersion And Relaxation Time In Uranium Dioxide, Dallin Parkinson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Phonon dispersion branches are used to obtain an effective relaxation time to calculate thermal conductivity of Uranium Dioxide (UO2). The method presented closely follows that of Deskins’ phonon-phonon interaction that uses a three-phonon process which satisfies momentum and energy conservation. All phonon branches including longitudinal acoustic, transverse acoustic, longitudinal optical and transverse optical are considered in the calculation of the relaxation time.

After one phonon is identified, a scan is initiated to test all phonon combinations that will satisfy the conservation equations. When the scan identifies a valid three-phonon combination a relaxation time is calculated for that combination. All ...


The Influence Of Push-Off Timing In A Robotic Ankle-Foot Prosthesis On The Energetics And Mechanics Of Walking., Philippe Malcolm, Roberto E. Quesada, Joshua M. Caputo, Steven H. Collins 2017 Ghent University

The Influence Of Push-Off Timing In A Robotic Ankle-Foot Prosthesis On The Energetics And Mechanics Of Walking., Philippe Malcolm, Roberto E. Quesada, Joshua M. Caputo, Steven H. Collins

Philippe Malcolm

BACKGROUND: Robotic ankle-foot prostheses that provide net positive push-off work can reduce the metabolic rate of walking for individuals with amputation, but benefits might be sensitive to push-off timing. Simple walking models suggest that preemptive push-off reduces center-of-mass work, possibly reducing metabolic rate. Studies with bilateral exoskeletons have found that push-off beginning before leading leg contact minimizes metabolic rate, but timing was not varied independently from push-off work, and the effects of push-off timing on biomechanics were not measured. Most lower-limb amputations are unilateral, which could also affect optimal timing. The goal of this study was to vary the timing ...


The Impact Of Three Interfaces For 360-Degree Video On Spatial Cognition, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jonathan W. Kelly 2017 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Three Interfaces For 360-Degree Video On Spatial Cognition, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jonathan W. Kelly

Jonathan W. Kelly

In this paper, we describe an experiment designed to evaluate the effectiveness of three interfaces for surveillance or remote control using live 360-degree video feeds from a person or vehicle in the field. Video feeds are simulated using a game engine. While locating targets within a 3D terrain using a 2D 360-degree interface, participants indicated perceived egocentric directions to targets and later placed targets on an overhead view of the terrain. Interfaces were compared based on target finding and map placement performance. Results suggest 1) non-seamless interfaces with visual boundaries facilitate spatial understanding, 2) correct perception of self-to-object relationships is ...


Comparing Building Modeling Software To The Energy Record Of A Preexisting Structure, Nathan Lasley 2017 Western Kentucky University

Comparing Building Modeling Software To The Energy Record Of A Preexisting Structure, Nathan Lasley

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Buildings are complex systems - even "simple" residential structures. Many factors go into building energy consumption and the design to reduce it. Computer energy modeling allows the simultaneous consideration and balance of many of those variables. Computer models are only as good as the information provided however. Tools like blower door and duct blaster can be used to aid in verifying the model or to provide more information to build a better model. In order to verify of building computer energy simulation methods, the Western Kentucky University (WKU) Office of Sustainability located at 503 Regents Ave. in Bowling Green KY was ...


A Wood-Powered Lawn Mower: Separating The Rules Of Thumb From Engineering Design, William White 2017 Western Kentucky University

A Wood-Powered Lawn Mower: Separating The Rules Of Thumb From Engineering Design, William White

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Biomass gasification, the thermal process of exracting combustible gasses from organic matter, is an established procedure that has been used for many years to provide fuel in various applications. It is a potential source of renewable fuel and has proven useful as a crisis energy source. This thesis investigates the primary engineering science principles involved in gasifier-engine system design. It arises from and supplements a WKU mechanical engineering senior project. The senior project has developed a wood gasification system designed to power a riding lawn mower. The thesis reiews theory-based design and separates it from informal hit and miss approaches ...


Machine Learning For High-Throughput Stress Phenotyping In Plants, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh Kumar Singh, Soumik Sarkar 2017 Iowa State University

Machine Learning For High-Throughput Stress Phenotyping In Plants, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh Kumar Singh, Soumik Sarkar

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Advances in automated and high-throughput imaging technologies have resulted in a deluge of high-resolution images and sensor data of plants. However, extracting patterns and features from this large corpus of data requires the use of machine learning (ML) tools to enable data assimilation and feature identification for stress phenotyping. Four stages of the decision cycle in plant stress phenotyping and plant breeding activities where different ML approaches can be deployed are (i) identification, (ii) classification, (iii) quantification, and (iv) prediction (ICQP). We provide here a comprehensive overview and user-friendly taxonomy of ML tools to enable the plant community to correctly ...


An End-To-End Convolutional Selective Autoencoder Approach To Soybean Cyst Nematode Eggs Detection, Adedotun Akintayo, Nigel Lee, Vikas Chawla, Mark P. Mullaney, Christopher C. Marett, Asheesh K. Singh, Arti Singh, Gregory L. Tylka, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Soumik Sarkar 2017 Iowa State University

An End-To-End Convolutional Selective Autoencoder Approach To Soybean Cyst Nematode Eggs Detection, Adedotun Akintayo, Nigel Lee, Vikas Chawla, Mark P. Mullaney, Christopher C. Marett, Asheesh K. Singh, Arti Singh, Gregory L. Tylka, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Soumik Sarkar

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Soybean cyst nematodes (SCNs), Heterodera glycines, are unwanted micro-organisms that reduce yields of a major source of food–soybeans. In the United States alone, approximately $1 billion is lost per annum due to cyst nematode infections on soybean plants. Experts have conceived methods of mitigating the losses through phenotyping techniques via SCN eggs density estimation, and then applying the right control measures. Currently, they rely on labor intensive and time-consuming identification of SCN eggs in soil samples processed onto microscopic frames. However, phenotyping a vast array of fields requires automated high-throughput techniques. From an automation perspective, detection of rarely occurring ...


Methodologies For Designing Railway Plastic And Composite Sleepers, Ruilin You, Erica Andrade Silva, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2017 China Academy of Railway Sciences

Methodologies For Designing Railway Plastic And Composite Sleepers, Ruilin You, Erica Andrade Silva, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


Sleeper is an important component of ballasted track. At present, sleeper is mainly made of wood, steel and concrete. In recent years, because of its good durability, corrosion resistance and easy transportation and laying, plastic and composite sleepers have gradually developed and applied in railway around the world. At present, the plastic and composite sleeper has not yet drawn up the corresponding design standards, only on the basis of engineering experience and related technical guidelines to design. This paper summarizes the service and design condition of different materials sleeper (wooden sleeper, steel sleeper, concrete sleeper and plastic and composite sleeper ...


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