Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Marine Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

9,371 Full-Text Articles 16,623 Authors 1,460,491 Downloads 168 Institutions

All Articles in Marine Biology

Faceted Search

9,371 full-text articles. Page 7 of 256.

Observations On Late Cretaceous Micrampulla (Corethrales, Bacillariophyceae) From The Campbell Plateau (Zealandia), Southwest Pacific Ocean, Kenta Abe, David M. Harwood, Richard W. Jordan 2022 Kochi University

Observations On Late Cretaceous Micrampulla (Corethrales, Bacillariophyceae) From The Campbell Plateau (Zealandia), Southwest Pacific Ocean, Kenta Abe, David M. Harwood, Richard W. Jordan

Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian) diatom assemblages from the Campbell Plateau (Zealandia), southwest Pacific Ocean, obtained from Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Leg 29 Site 275, contain well-preserved specimens of two enigmatic diatom species currently assigned to the genus Ktenodiscus; Micrampulla parvula originally described from the Maastrichtian-age Moreno Shale, California, and Pterotheca cretacea from DSDP Site 275. In general, the two species share a number of common features with modern Corethron (domed valves, probable heterovalvate frustules, T-shaped serrated articulated spines, marginal sockets), but differ in the location of the sockets (i.e. vertically at the base of the valve dome and …


Keys To Genus Of Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas, Chang-tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng 2022 National Taiwan Ocean University

Keys To Genus Of Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas, Chang-Tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

No abstract provided.


Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas, Chang-tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng 2022 National Taiwan Ocean University

Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas, Chang-Tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

Calanoid copepods are a well-recognized taxonomic group of Crustacea. They were already placed, with one cyclopoid (Scribella) and five calanoid (Acartia, Calanus, Candacia, Euchirus (= Euchaeta), and Pontella) genera, under a single taxonomic unit, the Calanidae, by Dana [1]. Giesbrecht and Sars are the two early principal contributors to the taxonomy of Copepoda, including the Calanoida.

Based on the location of the body articulation, Giesbrecht [2] divided copepods into two groups, the Gymnopleoden and Podopleoden. All copepods, characterized by an articulation between the fifth pedigerous (leg-bearing) somite and genital somite, separating the body into an anterior part (prosome) and a …


Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas-Introduction And Acknowledgement, Chang-tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng 2022 National Taiwan Ocean University

Calanoid Copepods Of China Seas-Introduction And Acknowledgement, Chang-Tai Shih, Qing-Chao Chen, Yang-Chi Lan, Shih-Hui Hsiao, Chi-Yu Weng

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

No abstract provided.


Alga Of My Eye, Determining The Ability Of Palmaria Palmata To Bioaccumulate Metals, Cameron Smith 2022 Western Washington University

Alga Of My Eye, Determining The Ability Of Palmaria Palmata To Bioaccumulate Metals, Cameron Smith

WWU Honors College Senior Projects

Algae, specifically macroalgae, have rapidly sprung into the spotlight as a valuable natural resource to serve many functions in recent years. Individual community members and foragers have found algae useful for home cooking and garden fertilizer; it can also be used commercially in dietary supplements, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and animal feed. P. palmata is a red algal species that grows naturally in Northwestern Europe and Iceland and is commercially grown in Japan, Maine, and recently, California and Washington. This study aimed to investigate the ability of Palmaria palmata to bioaccumulate chromium, cadmium, lead, and zinc at eight different concentrations over 48 …


Sediment Accumulation And Carbon Burial In Four Hadal Trench Systems, Kazumasa Oguri, Pere Masqué, Matthias Zabel, Heather A. Stewart, Gillian MacKinnon, Ashley A. Rowden, Peter Berg, Frank Wenzhöfer, Ronnie N. Glud 2022 Edith Cowan University

Sediment Accumulation And Carbon Burial In Four Hadal Trench Systems, Kazumasa Oguri, Pere Masqué, Matthias Zabel, Heather A. Stewart, Gillian Mackinnon, Ashley A. Rowden, Peter Berg, Frank Wenzhöfer, Ronnie N. Glud

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Hadal trenches are considered to act as depocenters for organic material, although pathways for the material transport and deposition rates are poorly constrained. Here we assess focusing, deposition and accumulation of material and organic carbon in four hadal trench systems underlying different surface ocean productivities; the eutrophic Atacama and Kuril-Kamchatka trenches, the mesotrophic Kermadec trench and the oligotrophic Mariana Trench. The study is based on the distributions of naturally occurring 210Pbex, 137Cs and total organic carbon from recovered sediment cores and by applying previously quantified benthic mineralization rates. Periods of steady deposition and discreet mass-wasting deposits were identified from the …


Using Low-Cost Sensors To Assess Pm2.5 Concentrations At Four South Texan Cities On The U.S.—Mexico Border, Esmeralda Mendez, Owen Temby, Dawid Wladyka, Katarzyna Sepielak, Amit U. Raysoni 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Using Low-Cost Sensors To Assess Pm2.5 Concentrations At Four South Texan Cities On The U.S.—Mexico Border, Esmeralda Mendez, Owen Temby, Dawid Wladyka, Katarzyna Sepielak, Amit U. Raysoni

Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Low-cost sensors have been used considerably to characterize air pollution in the last few years. This study involves the usage of this technology for the first time to assess PM2.5 pollution at four cities on the U.S.–Mexico border. These cities in the Lower Rio Grande Valley Region of South Texas are Brownsville, Edinburg, Weslaco, and Port Isabel. A year-long sampling campaign was undertaken from 1 March 2021 to 31 March 2022. TSI BlueSky™ Air Quality Monitors were deployed concurrently at 11 different locations in these four cities. Twenty-four-hour PM2.5 concentrations from these sensors were then compared with ambient …


Why New Zealand’S Indigenous Reconciliation Process Has Failed To Empower Māori Fishers: Distributional, Procedural, And Recognition-Based Injustices, Hekia Bodwitch, Andrew M. Song, Owen Temby, John Reid, Megan Bailey, Gordon M. Hickey 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Why New Zealand’S Indigenous Reconciliation Process Has Failed To Empower Māori Fishers: Distributional, Procedural, And Recognition-Based Injustices, Hekia Bodwitch, Andrew M. Song, Owen Temby, John Reid, Megan Bailey, Gordon M. Hickey

Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

How is it that the New Zealand government’s process for re-establishing Indigenous fishing rights has failed to deliver thriving Māori fisheries? This paper examines why, at Te Waihora, a coastal lake, and site of one of the nation’s longest running and best-funded state-Māori co-governance agreements, Māori fishers have been unable to use their rights to support their fishery. As of 2018, the lake’s culturally and ecologically significant eel population was no longer commercially viable, a decline fishers have attributed to rampant dairy industry expansion upstream. Drawing on environmental justice literatures, we deploy a multi-dimensional framework to identify factors shaping possibilities …


Irrigation Decisions In Response To Groundwater Salinity In Kansas, Juhee Lee, Nathan P. Hendricks 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Irrigation Decisions In Response To Groundwater Salinity In Kansas, Juhee Lee, Nathan P. Hendricks

Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Understanding the interaction between groundwater salinity and irrigation decision making has important implications for groundwater management. Econometrics models were estimated using observed farmer behavior in response to different groundwater salinity levels in a region of Kansas. Estimation results demonstrate that farmers in the face of groundwater salinity change their irrigation decisions on irrigated acreage (i.e., extensive margin), crop choice (i.e., indirect intensive margin), and water application depth (i.e., direct intensive margin). The empirical results indicate an overall decrease in water use due to higher salinity, primarily through a decrease at the extensive margin.


Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations During Independence Day Fireworks Display In The Lower Rio Grande Valley Region, South Texas, Usa, Esmeralda Mendez, Owen Temby, Dawid Wladyka, Katarzyna Sepielak, Amit U. Raysoni 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations During Independence Day Fireworks Display In The Lower Rio Grande Valley Region, South Texas, Usa, Esmeralda Mendez, Owen Temby, Dawid Wladyka, Katarzyna Sepielak, Amit U. Raysoni

Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Fireworks are typically discharged as a mark of celebration and joy in many societies spanning various cultures. In the United States of America, 4th July is celebrated as the Independence Day when the nation overthrew the British colonial yoke in 1776. While this day instills a sense of patriotism in every American’s heart, it is also a major PM2.5 air pollution concern. This study is first of its type in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (RGV) Region of South Texas, USA, that characterizes fine particulate matter pollution. Using a low-cost sensor (TSI BlueSky Air Quality Monitor), real-time PM2.5 measurements were …


Trade-Offs Between Risks Of Predation And Starvation In Larvae Make The Shelf Break An Optimal Spawning Location For Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Taylor A. Shropshire, Steven L. Morey, Eric P. Chassignet, Mandy Karnauskas, Victoria J. Coles, Estrella Malca, Raúl Laiz-Carrión, Øyvind Fiksen, Patricia Reglero, Akihiro Shiroza, José M. Quintanilla Hervas, Trika Gerard, John T. Lamkin, Michael R. Stukel 2022 University of Southern MIssissippi

Trade-Offs Between Risks Of Predation And Starvation In Larvae Make The Shelf Break An Optimal Spawning Location For Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Taylor A. Shropshire, Steven L. Morey, Eric P. Chassignet, Mandy Karnauskas, Victoria J. Coles, Estrella Malca, Raúl Laiz-Carrión, Øyvind Fiksen, Patricia Reglero, Akihiro Shiroza, José M. Quintanilla Hervas, Trika Gerard, John T. Lamkin, Michael R. Stukel

Faculty Publications

Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABT) (Thunnus thynnus) travel long distances to spawn in oligotrophic regions of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) which suggests these regions offer some unique benefit to offspring survival. To better understand how larval survival varies within the GoM a spatially explicit, Lagrangian, individual-based model was developed that simulates dispersal and mortality of ABT early life stages within realistic predator and prey fields during the spawning periods from 1993 to 2012. The model estimates that starvation is the largest cumulative source of mortality associated with an early critical period. However, elevated predation on older larvae is …


Caulerpa Chemnitzia In Darwin Threatening Galapagos Coral Reefs, Inti Keith, William Bensted-Smith, Stuart Banks, Jenifer Suarez, Bernhard Riegl 2022 Charles Darwin Research Station - Galapagos, Ecuador

Caulerpa Chemnitzia In Darwin Threatening Galapagos Coral Reefs, Inti Keith, William Bensted-Smith, Stuart Banks, Jenifer Suarez, Bernhard Riegl

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Coral reefs are rare in the Galapagos and there is concern that, like in many areas around the world, they may be degrading due to increasing anthropogenic pressure, which can cause changes and reorganizations of structure and function with associated phase shifts. Algae of the genus Caulerpa J.V. Lamouroux, 1809 are known as widespread and persistent marine invaders. They grow rapidly, particularly in disturbed areas where they can opportunistically monopolize substratum and compete with native species, thus reducing biodiversity. Caulerpa chemnitzia increased in abundance and overgrew corals on the reef since 2012, ultimately raising fears that a phase-shift from coral …


Influence Of Oyster Genetic Background On Levels Of Human-Pathogenic Vibrio Spp., Corinne Audemard, Kimberly S. Reece, Robert J. Latour, Lydia M. Bienlien, Ryan B. Carnegie 2022 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Influence Of Oyster Genetic Background On Levels Of Human-Pathogenic Vibrio Spp., Corinne Audemard, Kimberly S. Reece, Robert J. Latour, Lydia M. Bienlien, Ryan B. Carnegie

VIMS Articles

Human-pathogenic Vibrio bacteria are common inhabitants of oyster tissues, but our understanding of factors driving the wide range of concentrations found in individual oysters is extremely limited. We examined the influence of oyster sex and parasitism in light of their profound effects on oyster tissues against a backdrop of eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica, from two diploid and two triploid aquacultured lines. This allowed us to examine not only the effect of oyster ploidy but also of oyster genetics, a factor never investigated with regard to human-pathogenic Vibrio species. We measured levels of total Vibrio vulnificus (vvhA), and of …


Increased Extent Of Waterfowl Grazing Lengthens The Recovery Time Of A Colonizing Seagrass (Halophila Ovalis) With Implications For Seagrass Resilience, Caitlyn M. O’Dea, Paul S. Lavery, Chanelle L. Webster, Kathryn M. McMahon 2022 Edith Cowan University

Increased Extent Of Waterfowl Grazing Lengthens The Recovery Time Of A Colonizing Seagrass (Halophila Ovalis) With Implications For Seagrass Resilience, Caitlyn M. O’Dea, Paul S. Lavery, Chanelle L. Webster, Kathryn M. Mcmahon

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Herbivore distributions and abundance are shifting because of climate change, leading to intensified grazing pressure on foundation species such as seagrasses. This, combined with rapidly increasing magnitudes of change in estuarine ecosystems, may affect seagrass resilience. While the overall resilience of seagrasses is generally well-studied, the timeframes of recovery has received comparatively little attention, particularly in temperate estuaries. We investigated how the recovery time (RT) of seagrass is affected by simulated grazing in a southwestern Australian estuary. Whilst excluding swans, we simulated different grazing intensities (25, 50, 75, and 100 % removal from 1 m2 plots) at four locations in …


Drift Macroalgal Distribution In Northern Gulf Of Mexico Seagrass Meadows, Kelly M. Correia, Scott B. Alford, Benjamin A. Belgrad, Kelly M. Darnell, M. Zachary Darnell, Bradley T. Furman, Margaret O. Hall, Christian T. Hayes, Charles W. Martin, Ashley M. McDonald, Delbert L. Smee 2022 Dauphin Island Sea Lab

Drift Macroalgal Distribution In Northern Gulf Of Mexico Seagrass Meadows, Kelly M. Correia, Scott B. Alford, Benjamin A. Belgrad, Kelly M. Darnell, M. Zachary Darnell, Bradley T. Furman, Margaret O. Hall, Christian T. Hayes, Charles W. Martin, Ashley M. Mcdonald, Delbert L. Smee

Faculty Publications

Drift macroalgae, often found in clumps or mats adjacent to or within seagrass beds, can increase the value of seagrass beds as habitat for nekton via added food resources and structural complexity. But, as algal biomass increases, it can also decrease light availability, inhibit faunal movements, smother benthic communities, and contribute to hypoxia, all of which can reduce nekton abundance. We quantified the abundance and distribution of drift macroalgae within seagrass meadows dominated by turtle grass Thalassia testudinum across the northern Gulf of Mexico and compared seagrass characteristics to macroalgal biomass and distribution. Drift macroalgae were most abundant in areas …


Microplastics: Water And Oyster Data For The Indian River Lagoon, Linda Walters, Casey Craig 2022 University of Central Florida

Microplastics: Water And Oyster Data For The Indian River Lagoon, Linda Walters, Casey Craig

CEELAB Research Data

Microplastic (MP) abundances in surface waters and tissues of the oyster Crassostrea virginica were examined for one year in the Indian River Lagoon (IRL), a 251-km long estuary on the east coast of central FL, USA to better understand spatial and temporal variability. A total of 3755 MP were found in 44% of lagoon-wide water samples. Mean density (± CI) was 1.47 ± 0.09 MP/L. Central IRL sites had the lowest MP abundance, while the south had the most, likely associated with proximity to urbanization, inlets (MP sinks) and tributaries (MP sources). More MP were found in water …


Diving Into The Vertical Dimension Of Elasmobranch Movement Ecology, Samantha Andrzejaczek, Tim C. D. Lucas, Maurice C. Goodman, Nigel E. Hussey, Amelia J. Armstrong, Aaron B. Carlisle, Daniel M. Coffey, Adrian C. Gleiss, Charlie Huveneers, David M. P. Jacoby, Mark G. Meekan, Johann Mourier, Lauren R. Peel, Katya Abrantes, Andre S. Afonso, Matthew J. Ajemian, Brooke N. Anderson, Scot D. Anderson, Gonzalo Araujo, Asia O. Armstrong, Pascal Bach, Adam Barnett, Mike B. Bennett, Natalia P. A. Bezerra, Ramon Bonfil, Andre M. Boustany, Heather D. Bowlby, Ilka Branco, Carmin D. Braun, Edward J. Brooks, Judith Brown, Patrick J. Burke, Paul Butcher, Michael Castleton, Taylor K. Chapple, Olivier Chateau, Maurice Clarke, Rui Coelho, Enric Cortes, Lydie I. E. Couturier, Paul D. Cowley, Donald A. Croll, Juan M. Cuevas, Tobey H. Curtis, Laurent Dagorn, Jonathan J. Dale, Ryan Daly, Heidi Dewar, Philip D. Doherty, Andres Domingo, Alistair D. M. Dove, Michael Drew, Christine L. Dudgeon, Clinton A. J. Duffy, Riley G. Elliott, Jim R. Ellis, Mark V. Erdmann, Thomas J. Farrugia, Luciana C. Ferreira, Francesco Ferretti, John D. Filmalter, Brittany Finucci, Chris Fischer, Richard Fitzpatrick, Fabien Forget, Kerstin Forsberg, Malcolm P. Francis, Bryan R. Franks, Austin J. Gallagher, Felipe Galva-Magana, Mirta L. Garcia, Troy F. Gaston, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Matthew J. Gollock, Jonathan R. Green, Sofia Green, Christopher A. Griffiths, Neil Hammerschlag, Abdi Hasan, Lucy A. Hawkes, Fabio H.V. Hazin, Matthew Heard, Alex Hearn, Suzanne M. Henderson, John C. Holdsworth, Kim N. Holland, Lucy A. Howey, Robert E. Hueter, Nicolas E. Humphries, Melanie Hutchinson, Fabrice R. A. Jaine, Salvador J. Jorgensen, Paul E. Kanive, Jessica Labaja, Fernanda O. Lana, Hugo Lassauce, Rebecca S. Lipscombe, Fiona Llewellyn, Bruno C. L. Macena, Ronald Mambrasar, Jaime D. McAllister, Sophy R. McCully Phillips, Frazer McGregor, Matthew N. McMillan, Lianne M. McNaughton, Sibele A. Mendonça, Carl G. Meyer, Megan Meyers, John A. Mohan, John C. Montgomery, Gonzalo Mucientes, Michael K. Musyl, Nicole Nasby-Lucas, Lisa Natanson, John B. O'Sullivan, Paulo Oliveira, Yannis P. Papastamatiou, Toby A. Patterson, Simon J. Pierce, Nuno Queiroz, Craig A. Radford, Andy J. Richardson, Anthony J. Richardson, David Righton, Christoph A. Rohner, Mark A. Royer, Ryan A. Saunders, Matthias Schaber, Robert J. Schallert, Michael C. Scholl, Andrew C. Seitz, Jayson M. Semmens, Edy Setyawan, Brendan D. Shea, Rafid A. Shidqi, George Shillinger, Oliver N. Shipley, Mahmood Shivji, Abraham B. Sianipar, Joana F. Silva, David W. Sims, Gregory B. Skomal, Lara L. Sousa, Emily J. Southall, Julia L. Y. Spaet, Killian M. Stehfest, Guy Stevens, Joshua D. Stewart, James Sulikowski, Ismail Syakurachman, Simon R. Thorrold, Michele Thums, David Tickler, Mariana T. Tolloti, Kathy A. Townsend, Paulo Travassos, John P. Tyminski, Jeremy Vaudo, Drausio Veras, Laurent Wantiez, Sam B. Weber, R.J. David Wells, Kevin C. Weng, Bradley M. Wetherbee, Jane E. Williamson, Matthew J. Witt, Serena Wright, Kelly Zilliacus, Barbara A. Block, David J. Curnick 2022 Stanford University

Diving Into The Vertical Dimension Of Elasmobranch Movement Ecology, Samantha Andrzejaczek, Tim C. D. Lucas, Maurice C. Goodman, Nigel E. Hussey, Amelia J. Armstrong, Aaron B. Carlisle, Daniel M. Coffey, Adrian C. Gleiss, Charlie Huveneers, David M. P. Jacoby, Mark G. Meekan, Johann Mourier, Lauren R. Peel, Katya Abrantes, Andre S. Afonso, Matthew J. Ajemian, Brooke N. Anderson, Scot D. Anderson, Gonzalo Araujo, Asia O. Armstrong, Pascal Bach, Adam Barnett, Mike B. Bennett, Natalia P. A. Bezerra, Ramon Bonfil, Andre M. Boustany, Heather D. Bowlby, Ilka Branco, Carmin D. Braun, Edward J. Brooks, Judith Brown, Patrick J. Burke, Paul Butcher, Michael Castleton, Taylor K. Chapple, Olivier Chateau, Maurice Clarke, Rui Coelho, Enric Cortes, Lydie I. E. Couturier, Paul D. Cowley, Donald A. Croll, Juan M. Cuevas, Tobey H. Curtis, Laurent Dagorn, Jonathan J. Dale, Ryan Daly, Heidi Dewar, Philip D. Doherty, Andres Domingo, Alistair D. M. Dove, Michael Drew, Christine L. Dudgeon, Clinton A. J. Duffy, Riley G. Elliott, Jim R. Ellis, Mark V. Erdmann, Thomas J. Farrugia, Luciana C. Ferreira, Francesco Ferretti, John D. Filmalter, Brittany Finucci, Chris Fischer, Richard Fitzpatrick, Fabien Forget, Kerstin Forsberg, Malcolm P. Francis, Bryan R. Franks, Austin J. Gallagher, Felipe Galva-Magana, Mirta L. Garcia, Troy F. Gaston, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Matthew J. Gollock, Jonathan R. Green, Sofia Green, Christopher A. Griffiths, Neil Hammerschlag, Abdi Hasan, Lucy A. Hawkes, Fabio H.V. Hazin, Matthew Heard, Alex Hearn, Suzanne M. Henderson, John C. Holdsworth, Kim N. Holland, Lucy A. Howey, Robert E. Hueter, Nicolas E. Humphries, Melanie Hutchinson, Fabrice R. A. Jaine, Salvador J. Jorgensen, Paul E. Kanive, Jessica Labaja, Fernanda O. Lana, Hugo Lassauce, Rebecca S. Lipscombe, Fiona Llewellyn, Bruno C. L. Macena, Ronald Mambrasar, Jaime D. Mcallister, Sophy R. Mccully Phillips, Frazer Mcgregor, Matthew N. Mcmillan, Lianne M. Mcnaughton, Sibele A. Mendonça, Carl G. Meyer, Megan Meyers, John A. Mohan, John C. Montgomery, Gonzalo Mucientes, Michael K. Musyl, Nicole Nasby-Lucas, Lisa Natanson, John B. O'Sullivan, Paulo Oliveira, Yannis P. Papastamatiou, Toby A. Patterson, Simon J. Pierce, Nuno Queiroz, Craig A. Radford, Andy J. Richardson, Anthony J. Richardson, David Righton, Christoph A. Rohner, Mark A. Royer, Ryan A. Saunders, Matthias Schaber, Robert J. Schallert, Michael C. Scholl, Andrew C. Seitz, Jayson M. Semmens, Edy Setyawan, Brendan D. Shea, Rafid A. Shidqi, George Shillinger, Oliver N. Shipley, Mahmood Shivji, Abraham B. Sianipar, Joana F. Silva, David W. Sims, Gregory B. Skomal, Lara L. Sousa, Emily J. Southall, Julia L. Y. Spaet, Killian M. Stehfest, Guy Stevens, Joshua D. Stewart, James Sulikowski, Ismail Syakurachman, Simon R. Thorrold, Michele Thums, David Tickler, Mariana T. Tolloti, Kathy A. Townsend, Paulo Travassos, John P. Tyminski, Jeremy Vaudo, Drausio Veras, Laurent Wantiez, Sam B. Weber, R.J. David Wells, Kevin C. Weng, Bradley M. Wetherbee, Jane E. Williamson, Matthew J. Witt, Serena Wright, Kelly Zilliacus, Barbara A. Block, David J. Curnick

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Knowledge of the three-dimensional movement patterns of elasmobranchs is vital to understand their ecological roles and exposure to anthropogenic pressures. To date, comparative studies among species at global scales have mostly focused on horizontal movements. Our study addresses the knowledge gap of vertical movements by compiling the first global synthesis of vertical habitat use by elasmobranchs from data obtained by deployment of 989 biotelemetry tags on 38 elasmobranch species. Elasmobranchs displayed high intra- and interspecific variability in vertical movement patterns. Substantial vertical overlap was observed for many epipelagic elasmobranchs, indicating an increased likelihood to display spatial overlap, biologically interact, and …


Purification Of Artepillin C (Arc) With Anticancer Activities From Supercritical Co2-Ethanol Extracts Of Brazilian Green Propolis By Using Adsorption Column Chromatography, Lin-Hsiang Chuang, Wen-Chin Chen, Wen Pei, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Todd Hsu, Po-Chao Chuang 2022 Ph.D. Program of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu 30012, Taiwan

Purification Of Artepillin C (Arc) With Anticancer Activities From Supercritical Co2-Ethanol Extracts Of Brazilian Green Propolis By Using Adsorption Column Chromatography, Lin-Hsiang Chuang, Wen-Chin Chen, Wen Pei, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Todd Hsu, Po-Chao Chuang

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

Phenolic compounds with varying phenolic structures are present in both terrestrial and marine organisms. Artepillin C (ARC) is a prenylated phenolic compound produced specifically in Brazilian green propolis. Earlier studies have demonstrated the potential of ARC as a dietary supplement for cancer prevention due to its ability to suppress tumor growth and metastasis. Here we report the development of an effective adsorption chromatography combined with supercritical CO2 extraction for the massive purification of ARC. A mixture of supercritical CO2 and ethanol extract of Brazilian green propolis was passed through a stainless chromatographic column packed with protruding metals at 4,000 psi …


A Stochastic Sailing Speed Optimization And Vessel Deployment Problem In Liner Shipping, Dung-Ying Lin, Pak Weng Leong 2022 Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management National Tsing Hua University

A Stochastic Sailing Speed Optimization And Vessel Deployment Problem In Liner Shipping, Dung-Ying Lin, Pak Weng Leong

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

In this research, we consider the stochastic sailing speed optimization and vessel deployment problem and examine the trade-off between sailing speed and the number of vessels required to provide a certain service in international liner shipping. Solving this kind of stochastic program is a challenging task. To address this issue, we construct a mathematical formulation based on Ng (1) and Ng (2) and enhance the linearization techniques from Wang and Meng (3) so that problem instances of an even larger scale can be solved. The proposed formulation has been numerically applied to solve realistic cases, and the empirical results show …


Vehicle Assignment For Chemicals Transportation, Yu-Liang Liu, Juan Huang, Ching-Wu Chu 2022 TCM Technical Service Inc., 6 F., No. 222, Sec. 2, Nankan Rd., Luzhu Dist., Taoyuan City 33855, Taiwan, R.O.C

Vehicle Assignment For Chemicals Transportation, Yu-Liang Liu, Juan Huang, Ching-Wu Chu

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

Vehicle assignment is a significant challenge faced by chemical logistics companies. The chemical industry typically outsources the delivery of chemicals to professional logistics companies to meet customers' complex and demanding needs. In this regard, this research explores the case study of a logistics company that selects its delivery modes and formulates its vehicle assignment plans based on its personnel’s experience rather than any formal system and plans its vehicle routes on the day before the delivery. This study seeks to improve the efficiency and immediacy of logistics companies’ vehicle assignments, understand vehicle route planning, maximize space utilization, and minimize transportation …


Digital Commons powered by bepress