Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Industrial and Organizational Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,427 Full-Text Articles 4,436 Authors 2,951,848 Downloads 174 Institutions

All Articles in Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Faceted Search

3,427 full-text articles. Page 3 of 126.

Perceived Engagement In Flexible Work Arrangements, Emma Vosika 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Perceived Engagement In Flexible Work Arrangements, Emma Vosika

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Early in the pandemic, employees transitioned to remote work to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Though social distancing and other coronavirus related mandates have begun to subside, some employers are continuing to allow their employees flexibility in their work arrangements. This continued flexibility appears to be the “new normal” of how we work (Weideman & Hofmeyr, 2020). As a result, the question arises as to whether flexible workers feel engaged and connected to their organizations. To illustrate perceived engagement in flexible work arrangements, a sample of 258 participants was recruited through social media and student participation system SONA. Examples of …


Does Safety Make A Difference? The Impact Of Safety Observations On Injury Likelihoods, Rylie Sant, Shawn Bergman, Timothy Ludwig, Yalcin Acikgoz, Tanner Landolt, Sunny Barboj, Jacob Leslie, Nick Granowsky 2022 Appalachian State University

Does Safety Make A Difference? The Impact Of Safety Observations On Injury Likelihoods, Rylie Sant, Shawn Bergman, Timothy Ludwig, Yalcin Acikgoz, Tanner Landolt, Sunny Barboj, Jacob Leslie, Nick Granowsky

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

According to Liberty Mutual’s 2021 Workplace Safety Index, it was estimated that employers paid more than $1 billion per week in direct workers’ compensation costs for disabling, non-fatal workplace injuries in 2018 (2021 workplace, 2021). Accordingly, organizations frequently engage in safety practices in the hopes of reducing these financial and human costs. The aim of this study was to examine whether performing safety observations reduced the likelihood of adverse outcomes. A safety observation refers to a checklist of behaviors deemed “safe” that should be conducted to help decrease or completely eliminate a safety incident. A safety incident is an event …


Through The Looking Glass: Investigating Incivility And Depletion Through A Cognitive Process Lens, Melissa Sorensen, Katrina Burch 2022 Western Kentucky University

Through The Looking Glass: Investigating Incivility And Depletion Through A Cognitive Process Lens, Melissa Sorensen, Katrina Burch

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Background Experiencing incivility at work is a common phenomenon that has increased in recent years (Porath & Pearson, 2014). In addition, the effects of experiencing incivility are not bound to the workplace and can continue to negatively impact individuals after they leave work (e.g., Fritz et al., 2019). However, little is known about the mechanisms which transmit the experience of incivility at work to one’s non-work domain. One such mechanism that may be associated with detrimental outcomes of incivility at work in the non-work domain is depletion (Christian & Ellis, 2011), which represents a reduced state of cognitive capacity. However, …


Creating Competency Based Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales Using An Online Sample, Isabelle Couvillion, Lilah Donnelly, Jonah Richardson, Faith A. Shannon, Kyle Benbow 2022 Auburn University

Creating Competency Based Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales Using An Online Sample, Isabelle Couvillion, Lilah Donnelly, Jonah Richardson, Faith A. Shannon, Kyle Benbow

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The current project takes action on Kell et al.’s (2017) call for research on non-traditional methods for developing behaviorally anchored rating scales (BARS). Typically, BARS are used when conducting structured interviews to ensure high predictive validity and reliability while minimizing biases. The traditional method of constructing BARS requires time and resources which may deter organizations from adopting such scales. Our proposed methodology will assuage these deterrents. We have designed a survey to collect critical incidents from subject matter experts (SMEs) online using ProLific, a crowdsourcing software. For the purpose of this study, participants will be filtered based on their age, …


Exploring The Factor Model Of The Work Locus Of Control Scale, Yendi Neil, Dr. Michael Hein, Judith Van Hein 2022 Middle Tennessee State University

Exploring The Factor Model Of The Work Locus Of Control Scale, Yendi Neil, Dr. Michael Hein, Judith Van Hein

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

In a meta-analysis, Spector (1982) examined the relationship between locus of control and other organizational variables and made suggests for the Rotter 29-item Locus of Control scale to be more domain specific for organizations. Having created these suggestions on how to change Rotter’s scale, Spector (1988) developed a new locus of control scale that was organization/work domain specific and made up of 16-items. Studies have used this scale when looking at work-related locus of control, however, many studies have not fully analyzed the scale and its items. As more studies investigate the scale, more factors are being discovered within the …


Stress And Coping Strategies; A Cross-Cultural Study, Oluwatomisin A. Phillips, Alexander T. Jackson Ph.D., Patrick McCarthy Ph.D., J.D., Michael Hein Ph.D. 2022 Middle Tennessee State University

Stress And Coping Strategies; A Cross-Cultural Study, Oluwatomisin A. Phillips, Alexander T. Jackson Ph.D., Patrick Mccarthy Ph.D., J.D., Michael Hein Ph.D.

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

This research study aims at examining the cross-cultural differences or similarities in the stress coping process between countries, with a focus on the United States and Nigeria. More specifically, the study examines whether culture influences the relationship between situational control and coping strategies. Participation in this survey will be restricted to people with either Nigerian or United States nationality who have also lived in their country of nationality for a minimum of 18 years. Participants will be required to respond to items from the Locus of Control scale, brief-COPE scale, and the Values Survey Module. The outcome of this study …


Exploring Psychological Detachment, Work-Related Rumination And Role-Centrality In Working From Home, Cora Hurt, Molly Simmons, Katrina Burch 2022 Western Kentucky University

Exploring Psychological Detachment, Work-Related Rumination And Role-Centrality In Working From Home, Cora Hurt, Molly Simmons, Katrina Burch

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Background The change in environment and commute from work to home help to signal psychological detachment, defined by physically and mentally disengaging from work-related thoughts (Smit, 2016). The combination of modern communication technology and a global pandemic has pushed many employees into working from home regularly, eliminating these signals for psychological detachment. Using effort-recovery theory (Meijman & Mulder, 1998), which suggests that investment of mental resources to deal with work-related demands leads to depletion, we hypothesize that work-related rumination will be associated with the inability to psychologically detach from work (Martin & Tesser, 1996). In addition, role centrality is hypothesized …


Remote Or In-Person Work: How Does Personality And Qualifications Relate To Performance, Aspen Wood, Madison Culver, Mary Elizabeth Covington, Yalcin Acikgoz 2022 Appalachian State University

Remote Or In-Person Work: How Does Personality And Qualifications Relate To Performance, Aspen Wood, Madison Culver, Mary Elizabeth Covington, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

After the COVID 19 pandemic forced many office workers to work remotely, many employers are now trying to bring their employees back to the office. However, many employees are resisting these calls, with claims that they can be equally, if not more productive while working remotely. Anecdotal evidence suggests that work performance can fluctuate in remote or in-person environments and from person to person. However, which environment generates better performance on average has not been well understood. In addition, whether there are differences in predictors of performance in remote vs. in-person settings is another under-researched area. Accordingly, acknowledging that this …


Predicting Vocational Interests Through An Ai-Based Chatbot, Jingyi Li, Jinyan Fan 2022 Auburn University

Predicting Vocational Interests Through An Ai-Based Chatbot, Jingyi Li, Jinyan Fan

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Vocational interests did not receive much attention in I/O research though recent research has shown that they are strong predictors for both life and job-related outcomes. Measures of vocational interests still rely heavily on traditional self-report method which is subject to several weaknesses. The present research explores the plausibility of measuring vocational interests through an Artificial Intelligence (AI) chatbot. We intend to examine the psychometric properties of the AI chatbot in measuring vocational interests, namely its (1) internal consistency, (2) split-half reliability, (3) generalizability across samples, (4) factorial validity, (5) convergent validity and discriminant validity, (6) generalizability of convergent and …


Identifying Personal Energy And Recovery Patterns And Their Impact On Well-Being, Emma Vosika, Chris Cunningham 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Identifying Personal Energy And Recovery Patterns And Their Impact On Well-Being, Emma Vosika, Chris Cunningham

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The study is designed to examine patterns of personal energy expenditure and recovery, and how these patterns are associated with health and well-being. Data will be collected via longitudinal, mixed method survey of a diverse sample of 200 student and non-student adult workers. Measures will include multiple existing tools, including: the Utrecht Work Engagement scale (UWES), Profile of Mood States (POMS), Recovery Experience Questionnaire (REQ), and items from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Worker Well-Being Questionnaire (WellBQ). A variety of analyses are proposed including latent growth curve modeling and time series analysis. Proposed results include identifying …


Exploring The Role Of Emotional Stability And Remote Work As Resources In Detaching From Work, Brittany N. Ikner, Kristen Jennings Black 2022 The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Exploring The Role Of Emotional Stability And Remote Work As Resources In Detaching From Work, Brittany N. Ikner, Kristen Jennings Black

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The sizable increase in remote jobs within the last two years has led researchers to question how remote and in-person workers recover differently and what organizations can do to best facilitate their recovery from work. Yet, few empirical studies identify which individual and situational characteristics assist or inhibit recovery from work. Using Sonnentag and Fritz’s (2015) stressor-detachment model as theoretical framework, the proposed study investigates attentional resources (i.e., work location) and personal resources (i.e., emotional stability) that moderate the relationship of job stressors and well-being which is mediated by psychological detachment from work during non-work hours. Specifically, one’s levels of …


Exploring The Effects Of Financial Strain On Organizational Commitment And Occupational Commitment, Paris Jade Wright, Kristen J. Black 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Exploring The Effects Of Financial Strain On Organizational Commitment And Occupational Commitment, Paris Jade Wright, Kristen J. Black

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Financial strain is defined as an individual’s perception of economic stress and/or lack of resources (Adams et al., 2016). Although it has been linked to a multitude of negative well-being outcomes (Son & Wilson, 2015), there is little research regarding its impact on work-related attitudes, including organizational and occupational commitment. Several studies have found that financially-related variables, such as income, pay satisfaction, and extrinsic organizational rewards are positively related to organizational commitment (Cohen and Lowenberg, 1990; Mathieu and Zajac, 1990; Malhotra et al., 2007). Though occupational commitment and organizational commitment tend to be positively related (Lee et al., 2000), less …


Investigating The Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program's Impact On Public Service Employees, Karli Guice, Skylar Oney, Malissa Clark 2022 University of Georgia

Investigating The Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program's Impact On Public Service Employees, Karli Guice, Skylar Oney, Malissa Clark

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program has garnered attention in the media in recent months, primarily in reaction to recent program reforms. Public service employees have struggled to navigate the PSLF program since its formation in 2007, which is complex, tedious, and time consuming. While some relief has been granted, many more face uncertainty as to whether or when their loans will be forgiven. Coupled with the fact that many individuals feel shame and stigma for having loans in the first place and for seeking loan forgiveness, the PSLF process can take a negative toll on individuals and in …


The Impact Of Organizational Justice On Organizational Commitment, Kaytah Mejia, David Earnest, Kevin Harris 2022 Austin Peay State University

The Impact Of Organizational Justice On Organizational Commitment, Kaytah Mejia, David Earnest, Kevin Harris

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought awareness and scrutiny to numerous workplace practices, organizational norms, and societal expectations surrounding work. From the Great Resignation phenomena, a new trend advocating for work-life balance boundaries is being shared through TikTok, a relatively new social media platform. ‘Quiet Quitting’ occurs when employees prioritize work-life balance and disregard organizational citizenship behaviors that are not requirements of their job duties and responsibilities. Additionally, there has been a focal shift within perceptions of organizational justice and organizational commitment, with an increase of bringing awareness to employees’ needs. This study will examine the impact of employee perceptions of …


Comparing Major Burnout Measures: An Analysis Of Predictive And Incremental Validity, Lauren E. Postier, Faith A. Shannon, Julia R. Barrett 2022 Auburn University

Comparing Major Burnout Measures: An Analysis Of Predictive And Incremental Validity, Lauren E. Postier, Faith A. Shannon, Julia R. Barrett

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Burnout is an increasingly prominent topic both in industrial and organizational psychology and the public discourse. While the concept of burnout is well known, studies on its temporal relationships are rare and debate remains as to how to best measure it. Frequently used to assess burnout, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) has received criticism for its dimensions, item wording, and cost relative to other measures. In response, several burnout measures have been created, notably the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM), the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI), and more recently the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT). The proposed research would be the first to …


Promoting Workplace Well-Being, Emma Vosika 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Promoting Workplace Well-Being, Emma Vosika

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Hire Ventures, Inc. is an HR consulting firm founded in Atlanta, GA. Their mission is to “enable clients to find and keep talent by implementing streamlined processes, leveraging the right technology, and delivering on-demand, scalable hourly HR consulting and hourly recruiting consulting services” (Hire Ventures, 2022). My internship at Hire Ventures, Inc. followed a short 8-week timeline that focused on the development of a workplace wellness campaign series. Role responsibilities included conducting an internal needs analysis to create the base framework for the wellness series, developing topics for a 10-week wellness blog series that targets the employees and employers of …


Stress And Eating Behaviors, Britney J. Donovan, Alexander T. Jackson, James P. Loveless, Andrea C. Meggison 2022 Middle Tennessee State University

Stress And Eating Behaviors, Britney J. Donovan, Alexander T. Jackson, James P. Loveless, Andrea C. Meggison

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Studies pertaining to obesity, stress, and their impact on organizations are plentiful. Further, there is an abundance of research surrounding stress at work and eating behaviors. However, studies regarding work stress and fasting are absent. Because of this, our study aims to examine the relationship between stress, fasting behaviors, and interoception. Interoception is the perception of physical (body) sensations, such as hunger. We argue that interoceptive awareness will mediate the positive relationships between stress and fasting behavior. We argue that stress fasting behaviors are likely to occur during periods of high stress, such as balancing work and midterm exams. Therefore, …


The Relationship Between Leadership Engagement And Workplace Incidents, Tanner Landolt, Rylie Sant, Nick Granowsky, Jacob Leslie, Sunny Barboj, Yalçın Açıkgöz, Timothy Ludwig, Shawn Bergman 2022 Appalachian State University

The Relationship Between Leadership Engagement And Workplace Incidents, Tanner Landolt, Rylie Sant, Nick Granowsky, Jacob Leslie, Sunny Barboj, Yalçın Açıkgöz, Timothy Ludwig, Shawn Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Organizations with strong safety cultures tend to have fewer injuries, which is likely attributed to an increased engagement in safe work behaviors (Dejoy, 2005; DeJoy et al., 1995; Zou, 2011). Furthermore, Hahn and Murphy suggest that engagement behaviors in safety management systems also contribute to a strong safety culture (2008). Engagement behaviors in safety management systems include reporting near misses and minor injuries as well as engaging in safety policies and practices that are perceived as important to the organization and its leaders. In this study, we will be examining how leadership engagement in safety practices is related to near …


Selection Of Multiteam System Boundary Spanners: An Assessment Of Motivation To Communicate Between Teams, Megan Fralix, David R. Earnest 2022 Austin Peay State University

Selection Of Multiteam System Boundary Spanners: An Assessment Of Motivation To Communicate Between Teams, Megan Fralix, David R. Earnest

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Interteam communication is critical to MTS (multiteam system) success and boundary spanners, individuals responsible for communicating across teams, take on much of the responsibility of this task (Mathieu et al., 2001). Individual level of motivation to communicate across teams should predict higher performing boundary spanners who have the ability to drive MTS success. This project seeks to create a scale that will assess individual motivation to communicate across teams through the development of an initial item pool, review by subject matter experts, and sampling of a working population to assess initial descriptive and reliability statistics. An initial item pool of …


Validating A Picture-Based Values Measure Across Three Studies, Jingyi Li, Lauren E. Postier, Kendall M. McGoey, Peter D. Cook 2022 Auburn University

Validating A Picture-Based Values Measure Across Three Studies, Jingyi Li, Lauren E. Postier, Kendall M. Mcgoey, Peter D. Cook

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

While the importance of congruence between personal and organizational values to employees and organizations has been well established in the academic literature, existing values measures have shortcomings in applied settings. We have developed the Picture-Based Values Measure (PBVM) to measure Schwartz’s 19 refined basic individual values, resist faking, avoid construct contamination, and show cross-cultural relevance. In this research proposal, we intend to establish the psychometric properties of the PBVM across three studies. In Study 1, to examine convergent validity, 300 working adults will take both the PBVM and Revised Portrait Value Questionnaire (PVQ-RR) via Prolific. To examine discriminant validity, participants …


Digital Commons powered by bepress