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What Can Go Wrong When Everything Is Right? Using Organizational Justice To Understand Police Misconduct And Improve Personnel Systems, Antoine D. Busby, Meghan A. Thornton-Lugo, Laura Parker, Nicole Strah 2022 Stephen F. Austin State University

What Can Go Wrong When Everything Is Right? Using Organizational Justice To Understand Police Misconduct And Improve Personnel Systems, Antoine D. Busby, Meghan A. Thornton-Lugo, Laura Parker, Nicole Strah

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Despite decades of attention paid to police reform, cases of office misconduct still continue to plague policing organizations. Assuming that organizations may still experience such officer malfeasance even when attempting to pursue best practices, we aim to explore how things can go wrong when everything else seems right. Specifically, we rely on trickle-down models of organizational justice, group engagement, and social identity to articulate how otherwise desirable organizational outcomes may produce detrimental outgroup biases. Based on our theoretical premise, we articulate specific changes that may be made to personnel systems that can avoid such officer misconduct in policing contexts.


Electing Law Enforcement Leadership: Examining The Effects Of Politics And Job-Related Qualifications On Personnel Assessment And Decisions For Sheriff, Kareem Panton, Kevin P. Nolan, Jess Rigos 2022 Hofstra University

Electing Law Enforcement Leadership: Examining The Effects Of Politics And Job-Related Qualifications On Personnel Assessment And Decisions For Sheriff, Kareem Panton, Kevin P. Nolan, Jess Rigos

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Calls for police reform have become frequent in the United States. Efforts to enact meaningful organizational change will require support from senior law enforcement leadership. Personnel selection for several of these positions (e.g., Sheriff) occurs via local election. Little is known, however, about the factors that influence voters’ assessment of candidates for these positions and the extent to which decision-making for personnel selection via election is influenced by the same beliefs (e.g., person-job and person-organization fit) as more traditional approaches to hiring. This study explores the extent to which voters’ perceptions of two candidates for the position of Sheriff are …


Enhancing The Representation Of Women: How Gender Diversity Signals And Acknowledgement Affect Attraction To Men-Dominated Professions, Thomas P. DePatie, Anmol Sachdeva, Comila Shahani-Denning, Rebecca Grossman, Kevin P. Nolan 2022 Hofstra University

Enhancing The Representation Of Women: How Gender Diversity Signals And Acknowledgement Affect Attraction To Men-Dominated Professions, Thomas P. Depatie, Anmol Sachdeva, Comila Shahani-Denning, Rebecca Grossman, Kevin P. Nolan

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

While organizations around the world recognize the importance of gender diversity and inclusion, many struggle to reach gender parity (Sneader & Yee, 2020). Particularly, women account for less than 15% of all sworn police officers (Donohue Jr, 2020). Considering signaling theory and novel research in organizational impression management, we examined the utility of various recruitment messaging techniques for attracting women job seekers to professions dominated by men, at both a consulting firm and law enforcement agency. Women evaluating consulting firm materials perceived greater behavioral integrity and were subsequently more attracted to the organization if recruitment messages included both high gender …


Exploring The Feasibility Of Assessing Cultural Competence In Police Officers, Sydney L. Reichin, Alexander T. Jackson, Mark C. Frame, Michael Hein 2022 Pennsylvania State University

Exploring The Feasibility Of Assessing Cultural Competence In Police Officers, Sydney L. Reichin, Alexander T. Jackson, Mark C. Frame, Michael Hein

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Pathology, personality, and integrity-related construct assessments have been widely used in the selection of police officers. However, the incidence of police brutality and misconduct is still concerning. The present study explored the feasibility of the assessment of cultural competence in police officers. We explored the extent to which the change to the agency’s first ever Black CEO would affect cultural competence of the officers as well as incidence of misconduct. Results showed that scores on a cultural competence factor of an in-basket simulation used for promotional assessments at a state highway patrol agency were not predictive of either supervisor-rated performance …


Using Workplace Personality To Guide Improvement Of Law Enforcement Selection, Chase A. Winterberg, Michael A. Tapia, Bradley J. Brummel 2022 Hogan Assessment Systems

Using Workplace Personality To Guide Improvement Of Law Enforcement Selection, Chase A. Winterberg, Michael A. Tapia, Bradley J. Brummel

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Recurrent police-public conflict suggests misalignment in desired police behavior between police and the public. We explored differences in desired police characteristics between police and members of the American public. Although racial minorities endorsed more negative attitudes of police overall, we found no meaningful differences in desired police characteristics between police and the public or between racial minority and majority participants. Second, we combined multiple criterion-related validation studies in similar jobs via meta-analyses and synthetic validity analyses to identify personality predictors of police performance dimensions. Third, we assessed base rates and adverse impact of these personality characteristics in police. Incumbent officers …


Introduction To The Special Issue On Policing: Examining The Role Of Testing And Assessment, Dennis Doverspike, Alexandra Petruzzelli, Marc Cubrich 2022 George Mason University

Introduction To The Special Issue On Policing: Examining The Role Of Testing And Assessment, Dennis Doverspike, Alexandra Petruzzelli, Marc Cubrich

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Prepared in response to the weight and seriousness of social concerns with regard to the state and future of policing, this special issue was developed in order to feature research that examined a wide range of personnel and assessment decisions relating to policing. The focus was broad in scope, welcoming conceptual/theoretical papers, quantitative or qualitative reviews, empirical papers, and think pieces. To address the questions and areas identified in the initial call for papers, six articles are presented covering the themes of individual differences in personnel selection group composition and macro-level influences on policing, and practical recommendations and the future …


Personality Traits In The Workplace: Examining The Light Triad And Its Relationship With Job Satisfaction, Sarah Overton 2022 Murray State University

Personality Traits In The Workplace: Examining The Light Triad And Its Relationship With Job Satisfaction, Sarah Overton

Scholars Week

The expanding psychological research into several “dark traits” of one’s personality (Moshagen et al., 2018) has presented a void in examining more positive characteristics. In recent years, Kaufman and colleagues (2019) developed the “Light Triad” to provide a more holistic perspective on humankind. The Light Triad is a construct encompassing benevolent personality traits, including humanism, faith in humanity, and Kantianism. Most relevant to the current study, Kaufman and colleagues (2019) found a significant relationship between the Light Triad and life satisfaction. Furthermore, life satisfaction is also positively correlated with job satisfaction (Rice et al., 1980). Given these relationships, it was …


How An Abusive Supervision Climate Impacts Business-To-Business (B2b) Sales Performance, And The Roles Of Leader–Members Interdependence And Team Psychological Safety, Matthew J. Daniel 2022 Abilene Christian University

How An Abusive Supervision Climate Impacts Business-To-Business (B2b) Sales Performance, And The Roles Of Leader–Members Interdependence And Team Psychological Safety, Matthew J. Daniel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sales supervisors can tremendously influence the sales teams they manage, and their behaviors can influence a team’s engagement and sales performance. Because of the supervisor’s influential role, their behavior, positive or negative, can ripple throughout the organization. As a result, a supervisor who role models abusive behavior within their organization also promotes a climate of abuse and incivility that can contribute to a toxic workplace. Abusive supervision (AS) is a significant problem in many business-to-business (B2B) sales organizations that negatively impacts the financial welfare and subjective well-being of organizations and their employees. This quantitative correlational study aimed to examine how …


The Correlation Between Transformational Leadership And Mental Health Clinician Burnout, Rebekah Shutter 2022 Abilene Christian University

The Correlation Between Transformational Leadership And Mental Health Clinician Burnout, Rebekah Shutter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Mental health clinicians working in a hospital setting are at a high risk of experiencing burnout due to the stressful demands of their caseloads, compassion fatigue, limited resources, and unsupportive leadership. While there is ample research regarding the cause and effect of burnout on clinicians there is a gap in the literature when it comes to the impact leadership has on mental heath clinician burnout. The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study is to determine if and to what extent there is a correlation between Transformational Leadership and mental health clinician burnout. Participants for this study consisted of 200 mental …


An Investigation On The Effects Of Psychological Contract (Pc) Towards Site Safety In The South Indian Construction Industry, M. G. Soundarya Priya, K. S. Anandh, Sathyanarayanan Rajendran, K. N. Sen 2022 SRM Institute of Science and Technology

An Investigation On The Effects Of Psychological Contract (Pc) Towards Site Safety In The South Indian Construction Industry, M. G. Soundarya Priya, K. S. Anandh, Sathyanarayanan Rajendran, K. N. Sen

Engineering Technologies, Safety, and Construction Faculty Scholarship

The construction sector is India's second-largest industry, contributing to the country's economy and providing many job opportunities. However, construction has been described as a hazardous industry with a high rate of injuries, accidents, and fatalities compared to other sectors worldwide. The "psychological contract of safety (PCS)" is one of the safety climate (SC) variables that influence worker safety behavior (WSB) actions on construction sites to improve safety. This research investigates the influence of SC factors on PCS and PCS on WSB in construction site safety. A quantitative research method has been adopted in this study, and the data is collected …


Narcissism And Risk-Taking For Others, Tyler B. Cowley 2022 Louisiana State University

Narcissism And Risk-Taking For Others, Tyler B. Cowley

LSU Master's Theses

While prior findings demonstrate that narcissists are excessively risk-seeking for themselves, research does not yet understand if their risk-seeking behaviors extend to others as well. This paper examines the role of narcissism in risk-taking on behalf of others. I hypothesize that narcissists will take more risks when deciding for others because they lack empathy and perspective taking. Therefore, narcissists are more likely to take risks based on their personal preferences, rather than the recipient’s desires. To test my hypotheses, participants completed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) for themselves, another individual, and an anonymous individual, followed by completing the Narcissistic …


The Development And Implementation Of Evidence-Based Preanesthesia Assessment Tools For Lvad Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures, Tracey Rooney, Casey Weimer, Eileen Giardino, Kerry Shanklin, Pete Pelletier, Audrey Rosenblatt 2022 Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL

The Development And Implementation Of Evidence-Based Preanesthesia Assessment Tools For Lvad Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures, Tracey Rooney, Casey Weimer, Eileen Giardino, Kerry Shanklin, Pete Pelletier, Audrey Rosenblatt

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

Abstract

A university-affiliated tertiary medical center with a newly developed Advanced Heart Failure and Mechanical Circulatory Support program identified the need to implement a more systematic approach to the preanesthesia assessment process for patients with a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) undergoing noncardiac procedures and standardized guidelines to determine the best blood pressure monitoring system for patients with an LVAD during these noncardiac procedures. A multidisciplinary panel of clinical experts developed an LVAD Preanesthesia Toolkit using standard recommendations identified via evidence-based literature and expert opinion. The Toolkit included an LVAD Preanesthesia Assessment (VaPA) tool and an LVAD Blood Pressure Monitoring …


The Future Of Performance Management In A Remote/Hybrid World Of Work, Allen Gorman 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

The Future Of Performance Management In A Remote/Hybrid World Of Work, Allen Gorman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

With the many recognized benefits of remote/hybrid work, it is expected that many organizations will never go back to the traditional office model in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. With this in mind, many themes from the traditional performance management literature will need to be revisited with an eye toward the future. These themes include a) the increased importance of job analysis for identifying current and future requirements of remote/hybrid work, b) an integration of work-family dynamics into our models of job performance, c) a better understanding of optimal productivity windows and the timing of when work happens, d) …


Keeping Up With Unprecedented Times: Strategies For Building Resilience Within Your Organization, Meredyth Ring 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Keeping Up With Unprecedented Times: Strategies For Building Resilience Within Your Organization, Meredyth Ring

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

In today’s world, we are constantly being inundated with news informing us of the latest local, national, or global crisis. As such, resilience is more important than ever to sustain us in both our personal and work lives. In this session, Meredyth Ring will guide you through the Center for Creative Leadership’s resilience framework for leaders. We will explore how to expand the resilience framework beyond the individual level and apply it to your organization. She will share tangible examples of what her organization is doing to create a more resilient workforce, with few additional resources. This session will offer …


Effects Of Patient Aggression On Pediatric Healthcare Workers, Lisa Kath, John Little, Ryan Lizerbram, Alexandra Nash, Zareena Shefa, K. Rae Haight, Alexis Rivkin, Rebecca Marconi 2022 San Diego State University

Effects Of Patient Aggression On Pediatric Healthcare Workers, Lisa Kath, John Little, Ryan Lizerbram, Alexandra Nash, Zareena Shefa, K. Rae Haight, Alexis Rivkin, Rebecca Marconi

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Healthcare workers are injured at high rates, even those who work in pediatric settings. The source of these injuries may be overexertion, slips/trips/falls, or needle sticks, but one source of injuries that has not been studied as extensively is patient aggression. Our study looked at possible effects of experiencing “patient behavioral events” (or PBEs), which are defined as physical aggression toward an employee, whether or not there was an intention to harm. Surveys of employees at three children’s hospitals across the U.S. showed that increased frequency of PBEs is associated with decreased well-being and worse job/organization attitudes. One key finding …


What Happened In The Past: How Experience Does Not Mean Squat When It Comes To Adapting To The Changing Nature Of Work, Shawn M. Bergman 2022 Appalachian State University

What Happened In The Past: How Experience Does Not Mean Squat When It Comes To Adapting To The Changing Nature Of Work, Shawn M. Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

The magnitude and pace of workplace change mean that individuals also need to adapt and change their approach to solving modern business problems. The fact that analysis, creativity, and adaptability skills are continually listed as some of the most in-demand employee skills indicate that the workforce has not kept up. Instead, people rely on experience and intuition to solve novel problems. This reliance is concerning because neither have ever been listed as in-demand employee attributes and because experience often has a negative relationship with job performance. The session will introduce a decision-making framework and problem-solving approach, which first involves understanding …


Helping Psych Students Understand Their Employable Skill Set, Mark Allen, Abigail Branco, Paige Farmer, Megan Hineline, Jacqui Bergman, Shawn Bergman 2022 Appalachian State University

Helping Psych Students Understand Their Employable Skill Set, Mark Allen, Abigail Branco, Paige Farmer, Megan Hineline, Jacqui Bergman, Shawn Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Introduction Psychology students are underemployed after graduation despite being a part of one of the largest majors nationwide (Burning Glass Technologies, 2018; The Ladders, 2019; National Center for Education Statistics, 2019). In order to remedy this, our study will investigate how many and which careers psychology students are minimally qualified for. We hypothesize the knowledge skills and abilities (KSAOs) psychology students obtain during their undergraduate career will ensure they are minimally qualified for a wide range of careers across industries after graduation. Methods and Analyses In the previous stage of our research project (Todd et al., 2021), we compiled and …


How Can Psychology Students Can Solve Top Industry Issues?, Alexandra Mecklenburg, Morgan McElhaney, Aiden Powell, Leonardo Negrete-Perez, Taylor Bott, Shawn Bergman, Jacqui Bergman 2022 Appalachian State University

How Can Psychology Students Can Solve Top Industry Issues?, Alexandra Mecklenburg, Morgan Mcelhaney, Aiden Powell, Leonardo Negrete-Perez, Taylor Bott, Shawn Bergman, Jacqui Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Abstract Introduction Among one of the most unemployed majors, psychology bachelors degree students tend to find difficulty in finding employment opportunities that match their skills after graduation, despite their mastery of many knowledge, skill, and abilities (KSAOs) (Burning Glass Technologies, 2018; The Ladders, 2019; Halonen & Dunn, 2017). As businesses continue facing critical issues in the workplace, this begs the question: How can students with an undergraduate psychology degree resolve the most pressing issues within the world of business? This study aims to answer this question by understanding how KSAOs gained from a psychology curriculum align with addressing industry problems. …


Are You On The Menu: Sexual Harassment Experiences Of Front-Of-House Restaurant Workers, Kelly Lane, Raiza Barahona, Brian O'Leary 2022 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Are You On The Menu: Sexual Harassment Experiences Of Front-Of-House Restaurant Workers, Kelly Lane, Raiza Barahona, Brian O'Leary

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Still managing in the wake of the COVID pandemic and the”Great Resignation” restaurants and the hospitality industry have seen particularly high rates of turnover and increased difficulty maintaining sufficient staffing numbers. This industry sees the highest rates of sexual harassment claims at work in the U.S.. The reliance on tipping facilitates this form of harassment, leaving organizations responsible for protecting their workers from mistreatment. Experiences of sexual harassment relate to decreased job satisfaction and increased intentions to turnover. This study aims to establish the relationship between sexual harassment experiences at work, existence and enforcement of a sexual harassment policy to …


Signal Cost And Value Alignment In Organizational Sustainability Messaging To New Hires, Mackenzie Law, Ellise Vangilder, Kaitlyn Miller, Mariana Solanilla, Luke Vavricka, Amanda Lillie, Jack Carson, Jim Westerman 2022 Appalachian State University

Signal Cost And Value Alignment In Organizational Sustainability Messaging To New Hires, Mackenzie Law, Ellise Vangilder, Kaitlyn Miller, Mariana Solanilla, Luke Vavricka, Amanda Lillie, Jack Carson, Jim Westerman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Introduction As companies continue to integrate sustainable initiatives as a strategic focus, their communications to new hires must adapt accordingly. Orientation programs represent an opportunity to inform new hires about the company’s sustainability values, but factors influencing the impact of sustainability messaging on new-hire perceptions remain unexplored. It is important for organizations to send signals to their new hires which are perceived as credible, meaningful, and genuine. However, the framing of sustainability orientation messages may combine with new-hire individual differences to influence these perceptions. We draw from signaling theory and value congruence research in HR to consider the potential impact …


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