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Find, Build, And Export Information For 3d Printing Of Your Favorite Molecules And Crystal Structures At Two Dedicated Websites, Paul R. DeStefano, Peter Moeck 2017 Portland State University

Find, Build, And Export Information For 3d Printing Of Your Favorite Molecules And Crystal Structures At Two Dedicated Websites, Paul R. Destefano, Peter Moeck

Student Research Symposium

As 3D printers require instructions, the Nano-Crystallography Group at Portland State University is creating two websites (http://nanocrystallography.org/3dconvert/ and http://nanocrystallography.research.pdx.edu/3d-print-files/convert/) where such instructions are created, interactively, for the atomic arrangements of virtually all known molecules and crystals.

We will prepare a "pipeline" into which crystallographic information enters from two curated open access crystallographic databases, is manipulated to create the desired 3D models, and then is exported in either STL format (the standard for monochrome 3D printing) or VRML/X3D (the ISO successor to STL). The two aforementioned databases are the North-American mirror ...


Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optimization Of Reduced Graphene Oxide Deposition For Hydrogen Sensing Technologies, Matthew Pocta

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Graphene is known to be a key material for improving the performance of hydrogen sensors. High electrical conductivity, maximum possible surface area with respect to volume, and high carrier mobility are a few of the properties that make graphene ideal for hydrogen sensing applications. The problem with utilizing graphene is the difficulty in depositing uniform, thin layers onto substrate surfaces. This study examines a new method of optimizing graphene deposition by utilizing an airbrush to deposit both graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) onto glass substrates. The number of depositions were varied among samples to study the effect ...


Trihalomethane, Dihaloacetonitrile, And Total N-Nitrosamine Precursor Adsorption By Carbon Nanotubes: The Importance Of Surface Oxides And Pore Volume, Erin Needham 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Trihalomethane, Dihaloacetonitrile, And Total N-Nitrosamine Precursor Adsorption By Carbon Nanotubes: The Importance Of Surface Oxides And Pore Volume, Erin Needham

Theses and Dissertations

As drinking water sources become increasingly impaired, enhanced removal of natural organic matter (NOM) may be required to curb formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) upon chlor(am)ination. While carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can adsorb NOM, their properties for DBP precursor adsorption have not been elucidated. Nine types of CNTs were assessed for trihalomethane (THM), dihaloacetonitrile (DHAN), and total N-nitrosamine (TONO) precursor adsorption. Batch isotherm experiments were completed with lake water and, to simulate an impaired condition, effluent from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Adsorption varied with CNT type and dose, with TONO precursors having the highest percent removals from WWTP ...


Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

No abstract provided.


Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Software was developed, and is provided under a general use license, to calculate continuum level deformation gradient and stress for any group of atoms in an MD simulation that uses the Charmm force fields. This software can also calculate the interaction stress applied by one group of atoms on any other group. To obtain deformation gradient and stress, the user needs to provide the selected group(s) of atoms in an atom group identification file, and provide the associated LAMMPS format files and force field parameter file. An example is included to demonstrate the use of the software.


Catalyzed Synthesis Of Zinc Clays By Prebiotic Central Metabolites, Ruixin Zhou, Kaustuv Basu, Hyman Hartman, Christopher J. Matocha, S. Kelly Sears, Hajatollah Vali, Marcelo I. Guzman 2017 University of Kentucky

Catalyzed Synthesis Of Zinc Clays By Prebiotic Central Metabolites, Ruixin Zhou, Kaustuv Basu, Hyman Hartman, Christopher J. Matocha, S. Kelly Sears, Hajatollah Vali, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

How primordial metabolic networks such as the reverse tricarboxylic acid (rTCA) cycle and clay mineral catalysts coevolved remains a mystery in the puzzle to understand the origin of life. While prebiotic reactions from the rTCA cycle were accomplished via photochemistry on semiconductor minerals, the synthesis of clays was demonstrated at low temperature and ambient pressure catalyzed by oxalate. Herein, the crystallization of clay minerals is catalyzed by succinate, an example of a photoproduced intermediate from central metabolism. The experiments connect the synthesis of sauconite, a model for clay minerals, to prebiotic photochemistry. We report the temperature, pH, and concentration dependence ...


Characterization Of Sputtering Copper Using The Denton Explorer-14 System, Roman Mays 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Characterization Of Sputtering Copper Using The Denton Explorer-14 System, Roman Mays

Tool Data

No abstract provided.


Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson 2017 Marshall University

Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson

Thomas E. Wilson

Progress is described in experiments to generate coherent terahertz acoustic phonons in silicon doping superlattices by the resonant absorption of nanosecond-pulsed far-infrared laser radiation. Future experiments are proposed that would use the superlattice as a transducer in a terahertz cryogenic acoustic reflection microscope with sub-nanometer resolution.


Formation Of Mound-Like Multiscale Surface Structures On Titanium By Femtosecond Laser Processing, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Ryan Bell, Meiyu Wang, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Formation Of Mound-Like Multiscale Surface Structures On Titanium By Femtosecond Laser Processing, Edwin Peng, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig A. Zuhlke, Ryan Bell, Meiyu Wang, Dennis R. Alexander, George Gogos, Jeffrey E. Shield

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Surface Functionalization Technique • Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing (FLSP) • Utilize high power, femtosecond (10-15 s) laser pulses • Produce self-organized, multiscale surface micro/nanostructures • Diverse range of applicable substrates: semiconductors, metals, polymers, & composites

Why? • What are the different types of FLSP structures on Ti? • Physical evidence needed for FLSP formation models • Optimize FLSP of Ti for biomedical & other applications

How? • Obtain evidence of mound growth processes by examining underlying microstructure • Utilize dual beam Scanning Electron Microscope-Focused Ion Beam instrument to cross section surface structures & fabricate transmission electron microscopy samples


Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Silicon Nitride (Sinx) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 Pecvd, Meredith Metzler, Raj Patel 2017 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Silicon Nitride (Sinx) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 Pecvd, Meredith Metzler, Raj Patel

Tool Data

This report discusses the deposition process of SiNx using the Oxford System 100 PECVD.


Optimization Of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Amorphous Silicon (A-Si) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 With Taguchi L9 Based Design Of Experiments (Doe), Raj Patel, Meredith Metzler 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Optimization Of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Amorphous Silicon (A-Si) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 With Taguchi L9 Based Design Of Experiments (Doe), Raj Patel, Meredith Metzler

Tool Data

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of Sputtering Platinum Using The Denton Explorer-14 System, Roman Mays 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Characterization Of Sputtering Platinum Using The Denton Explorer-14 System, Roman Mays

Tool Data

No abstract provided.


Examination Of The Stoney Equation And A Practical Determination Of The Error In Residual Film Stress Measurements, Roman Mays 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Examination Of The Stoney Equation And A Practical Determination Of The Error In Residual Film Stress Measurements, Roman Mays

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Silicon Dioxide (Sio2) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 Pecvd, Meredith Metzler, Raj Patel 2017 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (Pecvd) Of Silicon Dioxide (Sio2) Using Oxford Instruments System 100 Pecvd, Meredith Metzler, Raj Patel

Tool Data

This report discusses the deposition process of SiO2 using the Oxford System 100 PECVD.


The Measurement Of Residual Film Stress In Deposited Thin Films Using The Kla-Tencor 2d/3d P7 Surface Profilometer, Roman Mays 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Measurement Of Residual Film Stress In Deposited Thin Films Using The Kla-Tencor 2d/3d P7 Surface Profilometer, Roman Mays

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Structural Mrsa Resistance Through Carbon-Infiltrated Carbon Nanotube Coating Of External Fixator Pins, Jaclyn Larsen, Stephanie Morco, Brian Jensen, Anton Bowden 2017 Brigham Young University

Structural Mrsa Resistance Through Carbon-Infiltrated Carbon Nanotube Coating Of External Fixator Pins, Jaclyn Larsen, Stephanie Morco, Brian Jensen, Anton Bowden

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Tracer Counterpermeation Analysis Of Diffusivity In Finite-Length Nanopores With And Without Single-File Dynamics, David Ackerman, James W. Evans 2017 Iowa State University

Tracer Counterpermeation Analysis Of Diffusivity In Finite-Length Nanopores With And Without Single-File Dynamics, David Ackerman, James W. Evans

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We perform a tracer counterpermeation (TCP) analysis for a stochastic model of diffusive transport through a narrow linear pore where passing of species within the pore is inhibited or even excluded (single-file diffusion). TCP involves differently labeled but otherwise identical particles from two decoupled infinite reservoirs adsorbing into opposite ends of the pore, and desorbing from either end. In addition to transient behavior, we assess steady-state concentration profiles, spatial correlations, particle number fluctuations, and diffusion fluxes through the pore. From the profiles and fluxes, we determine a generalized tracer diffusion coefficient Dtr(x), at various positions x within the pore ...


Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 1, Amal Abbas, Inayat Bajwa 2017 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 1, Amal Abbas, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

Ag nanoparticle inkjet printing on polyimide and polyethylene terephthalate films has been performed using Dimatix inkjet printer at Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility. This article describes selection of Ag nanoparticle inks and reports the progress of optimization of drop spacing, drop frequency, droplet size, and waveform for high resolution features, and furthermore reveals the pros and cons of Dimatix inkjet printing. In addition, the resistivity of Ag nanoparticle line sintered was determined to be ~2.2 x 10-5 Ωm. The adhesion and bending tests indicated that Ag nanoparticle pattern sintered on PI and PET films had exceptional mechanical stability.


Tunable Nanocomposite Membranes For Water Remediation And Separations, Sebastián Hernández Sierra 2017 University of Kentucky

Tunable Nanocomposite Membranes For Water Remediation And Separations, Sebastián Hernández Sierra

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Nano-structured material fabrication using functionalized membranes with polyelectrolytes is a promising research field for water pollution, catalytic and mining applications. These responsive polymers react to external stimuli like temperature, pH, radiation, ionic strength or chemical composition. Such nanomaterials provide novel hybrid properties and can also be self-supported in addition to the membranes.

Polyelectrolytes (as hydrogels) have pH responsiveness. The hydrogel moieties gain or lose protons based on the pH, displaying swelling properties. These responsive materials can be exploited to synthesize metal nanoparticles in situ using their functional groups, or to immobilize other polyelectrolytes and biomolecules. Due to their properties, these ...


Quantification Of Re-Absorption And Re-Emission Processes To Determine Photon Recycling Efficiency In Perovskite Single Crystals, Yanjun Fang, Haotong Wei, Qingfeng Dong, Jinsong Huang 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Quantification Of Re-Absorption And Re-Emission Processes To Determine Photon Recycling Efficiency In Perovskite Single Crystals, Yanjun Fang, Haotong Wei, Qingfeng Dong, Jinsong Huang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Photon recycling, that is, iterative self-absorption and re-emission by the photoactive layer itself, has been speculated to contribute to the high open-circuit voltage in several types of high efficiency solar cells. For organic–inorganic halide perovskites that have yielded highly efficient photovoltaic devices, however, it remains unclear whether the photon recycling effect is significant enough to improve solar cell efficiency. Here we quantitatively evaluate the re-absorption and re-emission processes to determine photon recycling efficiency in hybrid perovskite with its single crystals by measuring the ratio of the re-emitted photons to the initially excited photons, which is realized by modulating their ...


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