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Development And Evaluation Of A Near-Infrared (1047 Nm) Photoacoustic-Nephelometer Spectrometer For Detection And Optical Characterization Of Black Carbon Aerosol, Yang Yu 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Development And Evaluation Of A Near-Infrared (1047 Nm) Photoacoustic-Nephelometer Spectrometer For Detection And Optical Characterization Of Black Carbon Aerosol, Yang Yu

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Black carbon (BC) aerosol are aggregates of small carbon spherules of <10 nm to approximately 50 nm in diameter. They are characterized by their strong visible light absorption property with a mass absorption cross-section (MAC) value above 5 m2 g −1 at a wavelength λ = 550 nm, which increases inversely with wavelengths from near-infrared (≈1 µm) to ultraviolet with a power law of one. The absorbing nature of BC aerosol has been implicated in regional atmospheric warming, changing of monsoon patterns, and accelerated melting of the glaciers. The BC radiative effects over earth is currently estimated within a factor of four, resulting in one of the largest uncertainties in climate modeling. This uncertainty results from our inadequate knowledge about regional BC emission rates, and associated aerosol microphysical ...


Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner 2016 Western Kentucky University

Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

Morphological instability of a planar surface ([111], [011], or [001]) of an ultra-thin metal film is studied in a parameter space formed by three major effects (the quantum size effect, the surface energy anisotropy and the surface stress) that influence a film dewetting. The analysis is based on the extended Mullins equation, where the effects are cast as functions of the film thickness. The formulation of the quantum size effect (Z. Zhang et al., PRL 80, 5381 (1998)) includes the oscillation of the surface energy with thickness caused by electrons confinement. By systematically comparing the effects, their contributions into the ...


Polymer Composites Reinforced With Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes, V. Trachevskiy, Bo Wang 2016 national aviation university

Polymer Composites Reinforced With Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes, V. Trachevskiy, Bo Wang

Kevin Lee

The structural and physico-chemical characteristics of thermoplastic polymers filled with multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) such as polyethylene (PE), polyamide 6 (PA 6) and layered fiberglass with PA 6 are investigated. The influence of their concentrations and homogeneity degree of nanotubes distribution is studied. The properties of new composites are compared with the
and polypropylene (PP)–CNTs systems. It is shown that an addition of CNTs into thermoplastic polymeric materials leads to the significant changes in structural characteristics, growth of strength, electrical, thermal properties. It is coursed by the formation of CNTs continuous network in the original matrix, the crystallinity degree ...


A Review On Microbial Cells Force Spectroscopy By Using Atomic Force Microscopy, Livia Angeloni, Daniele Passeri 2016 University of Roma "La Sapienza"

A Review On Microbial Cells Force Spectroscopy By Using Atomic Force Microscopy, Livia Angeloni, Daniele Passeri

Kevin Lee

Bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation are important phenomena which can produce both detrimental and beneficial effects in several fields. Research is thus focused on the modulation of the properties of material surfaces in order to design and develop substrates able to control bacterial adhesion process, which is the first trigger event of biofilm formation. Several theoretical predictions and experimental procedures have been developed to investigate the physical, chemical and biological mechanisms regulating the attachment of bacteria to solid substrates. Nevertheless, a comprehensive understanding has not been achieved yet, limiting the capability of individuating effective technological strategies to achieve the desired ...


Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, silver nanoparticles incorporated into polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were deposited on silicone hydrogel to improve the hydrophilicity of the silicone hydrogel and prevent the growth of bacteria. Two different processes were employed to produce Ag nanoparticles: (1) Process-A is a photochemical reduction; (2) Process-B is laser ablation in liquid. Following that, MAPLE process was employed to deposit the Ag-PVP nanocomposites on the surface of silicone hydrogel. A solid-state pulsed laser (Nd:YAG) with a wavelength of 532 nm at a fluence of 50.4 mJ/cm2 was used in the MAPLE system to deposit Ag-PVP nanocomposite coating. Our ...


Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto 2016 Singh Center

Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

The PS-rich and neutral PS-b-PMMA block copolymer (BCP) films were spin coated on the neutral random copolymer hydroxyl-terminated PS-r-PMMA layers grafted on the native oxide and 50 nm thick PECVD amorphous silicon oxide layers. Relationship between the grafting density of BCP and surface density of hydroxyl moiety on silicon oxide is discussed. Furthermore, optimization of annealing BCP films is reported, and wetted and de-wetted BCP films are shown in optical microscope images. In addition, finger print and nanopore structures of BCP films are also indicated in SEM images.


Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method, Heng Gu 2016 Rexa Inc.

Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method, Heng Gu

Heng Gu

No abstract provided.


Removal Of Mercury(Ii) From Aqueous Solutions By Adsorption On Poly(1-Amino-5-Chloroanthraquinone) Nanofibrils: Equilibrium, Kinetics, And Mechanism Studies, Shaojun Huang, Chengzhang Ma 2016 Kunming University of Science and Technology

Removal Of Mercury(Ii) From Aqueous Solutions By Adsorption On Poly(1-Amino-5-Chloroanthraquinone) Nanofibrils: Equilibrium, Kinetics, And Mechanism Studies, Shaojun Huang, Chengzhang Ma

Kevin Lee


Poly(1-amino-5-chloroanthraquinone)(PACA)nanofibrilswereappliedasnovelnanoadsorbentsforhighlytoxicmercuryremovalfromaqueoussolutions.Aseriesofbatchadsorptionexperimentswereconductedtostudytheeffectofadsorbentdose,pH,contacttime,andmetalconcentrationonHg(II)uptakebyPACAnanofibrils.KineticdataindicatedthattheadsorptionprocessofPACAnanofibrilsforHg(II)achievedequilibriumwithin2hfollowingapseudo-second-orderrateequation.TheadsorptionmechanismofPACAnanofibrilsforHg(II)wasinvestigatedbyFouriertransform-infrared(FT-IR)spectraandX-rayphotoelectronspectroscopy(XPS)analyses.TheadsorptionisothermofHg(II)fittedwelltheLangmuirmodel,exhibitingsuperbadsorptioncapacityof3.846mmolofmetalpergramofadsorbent.Lastly,wefoundoutthattheas-synthesizedPACAnanofibrilsareeficientinHg(II)removalfromrealwastewater.Furthermore,fiveconsecutiveadsorption-desorptioncyclesdemonstratedthatthePACAnanofibrilsweresuitableforrepeatedusewithoutconsiderablechangesintheadsorptioncapacity.


Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li 2016 Rexa Inc.

Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li

Heng Gu

The mechanical properties and interfacial structures for aluminum matrix composites reinforced by nanometer-sized SiC-β particles has been studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The modified embedded atom methods, was implemented to describe the atomic interactions. The molecular model undergoes an annealing MD simulation from 300 K to 1000 K to reach its minimum energy point. Tensile tests were performed with periodic boundary conditions. The stress-strain relationship has been studied and elastic constants were predicted as well. The results were compared with those given by continuum-based finite element analysis (FEA) together with the experimental data available in the literatures. It showed ...


A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang

Wenyu Huang

Intermetallic compounds are garnering increasing attention as efficient catalysts for improved selectivity in chemical processes. Here, using a ship-in-a-bottle strategy, we synthesize single-phase platinum-based intermetallic nanoparticles (NPs) protected by a mesoporous silica (mSiO2) shell by heterogeneous reduction and nucleation of Sn, Pb, or Zn in mSiO2-encapsulated Pt NPs. For selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol, a dramatic increase in activity and selectivity is observed when intermetallic NPs catalysts are used in comparison to Pt@mSiO2. Among the intermetallic NPs, PtSn@mSiO2 exhibits the best performance, requiring only one-tenth of the quantity of Pt used ...


Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili 2016 University of South Florida

Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Water is the essential part of every organism and it is also a vital constituent of healthy living and diet. Unfortunately water contamination over the past decade has increased dramatically leading to various diseases. As technology advances, we are detecting many pollutants at smaller levels of concentrations. Arsenic (As) is one of those major pollutants, and Arsenic poisoning is a condition caused due to excess levels of arsenic in the body. The main basis for Arsenic poisoning is from ground water which naturally contains high concentrations of arsenic. A case study from 2007 states that over 137 million people in ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Van Der Waals Heterostructures, Horacio Coy Diaz 2016 University of South Florida

Preparation And Characterization Of Van Der Waals Heterostructures, Horacio Coy Diaz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation different van der Waals heterostructures such as graphene-MoS2 and MoTe2-MoS2 were prepared and characterized. In the first heterostructure, polycrystalline graphene was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and transferred on top of MoS2 single crystal. In the second heterostructure, MoTe2 monolayers were deposited on MoS2 by molecular beam epitaxy.

Characterization of graphene-MoS2 heterostructures was conducted by spin and angle resolve spectroscopy which showed that the electronic structure of the bulk MoS2 and graphene in this van der Waals heterostructures is modified. For MoS2 underneath the graphene, a band structure renormalization and spin polarization are observed. The band structure ...


Nanomanufacturing Outside The Lab: A Case Study In Academic-Industry Partnerships, Ann Delaney, Eric Lindquist 2016 Boise State University

Nanomanufacturing Outside The Lab: A Case Study In Academic-Industry Partnerships, Ann Delaney, Eric Lindquist

Ann E. Delaney

One of the National Nanotechnology Initiative’s Signature Initiatives is Sustainable Manufacturing.  With over $20 billion invested in nanotechnology research and development by the US government since 2000, there is now an emphasis on transitioning from primarily fundamental research to work aimed at overcoming the barriers preventing these technologies from being successfully produced and integrated into devices manufactured at an industrial scale.
To date, much focus has been placed on the technical barriers to commercialization.  However, other barriers outside of the lab must also be addressed in order to achieve broad commercialization of nanotechnology. The Public Policy Research Center (PPRC ...


Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2016 Chapman University

Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Enhanced Adhesion Of Superhydrophobic Zno Surface, liqiu zheng Dr., Chan Kwaichow B. 2016 Albany State University

Enhanced Adhesion Of Superhydrophobic Zno Surface, Liqiu Zheng Dr., Chan Kwaichow B.

Georgia Journal of Science

The superhydrophobicity and the strong solid-liquid adhesion of the dually structured ZnO surface are attributed to the suitable size of microstructure and nanostructure. This phenomenon, so different from the Lotus effect, can be called the Petal effect— the super hydrophobicity and the enhanced solid-liquid adhesion coexist on the same surface. The Cassie impregnating model was proposed to understand the underlying reason.


Targeted Combination Treatment For Glioblastoma Multiforme (Gbm) Using Polymeric Nanoparticle, Praveena Velpurisiva, Michael Tilton, Brandon Piel, Prakash Rai 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Targeted Combination Treatment For Glioblastoma Multiforme (Gbm) Using Polymeric Nanoparticle, Praveena Velpurisiva, Michael Tilton, Brandon Piel, Prakash Rai

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive cancer that originates from astrocytes and spreads to spinal cord and other parts of the brain. Increase in replication of glial cells leads to advantageous mutations in the tumor. In 2015 about 15,320 deaths were reported due to GBM. Five-year survival is less than 5% making GBM a dreadful cancer. Current treatment involves complex invasive surgery, followed by chemotherapy and radiation. There is a desperate unmet need for a targeted treatment of GBM with minimum damage to the surrounding normal tissue. Combination treatments are increasingly being used to target multiple hallmarks of cancer ...


Rapid Diagnostics For Infectious Disease Using Noble Metal Nanoparticles, Chun-Wan Yen, Helena de Puig, Justina Tam, José Gómez-Márquez, Irene Bosch, Lee Gehrke, Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli 2016 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Rapid Diagnostics For Infectious Disease Using Noble Metal Nanoparticles, Chun-Wan Yen, Helena De Puig, Justina Tam, José Gómez-Márquez, Irene Bosch, Lee Gehrke, Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Rapid point-of-care (POC) diagnostic devices are needed for field-forward screening of severe acute systemic febrile illnesses such as dengue, Ebola, chikungunya, and others. Multiplexed rapid lateral flow diagnostics have the potential to distinguish among multiple pathogens, thereby facilitating diagnosis and improving patient care. We present a platform for multiplexed pathogen detection which uses gold or silver nanoparticles conjugated to antibodies to sense the presence of biomarkers for different infectious diseases. We exploit the size-dependent optical properties of Ag NPs to construct a multiplexed paperfluidic lateral flow POC sensor. AgNPs of different sizes were conjugated to antibodies that bind to specific ...


Remotely Triggered Polymeric Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Rahul Jadia, Brandon Piel, Michael Tilton, Prakash Rai 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Remotely Triggered Polymeric Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Triple Negative Breast Cancer, Rahul Jadia, Brandon Piel, Michael Tilton, Prakash Rai

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) has the worst prognosis among all the sub-types of breast cancer. Currently no targeted treatment has been approved for TNBC management. While TNBC does not overexpress hormone receptors, it has been found to over express certain receptors like transferrin (TfR) or folate receptors. The aim of this research is to synthesize targeted polymeric nanoparticles for TNBC. MDA-MB-231 cells are used as a representative TNBC cell line in this study. Active targeting of TNBC is achieved by conjugating the nanoparticles to a peptide (Tr) that binds to the TfR. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) using polymeric nanoparticles was ...


Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method.Pdf, Heng Gu 2016 Texas A&M University

Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method.Pdf, Heng Gu

Heng Gu

Polymer nanocomposites filled with carbon nanotubes are observed to present an onset of the insulator-to-conductor transition through previous experimental studies. In this work, numerical simulations based on Monte Carlo method are performed to investigate the percolation threshold. The conductive fillers are modeled as a three dimensional (3D) network of identical units dispersed in the polymer matrix. However, the distribution of the fibers is not uniform due to the existence of the emulsion particles. The effects of the aspect ratio and fiber length on the critical volume fraction are studied. Linearization is made to the logarithm of simulation results. The calculated ...


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