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Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng 2023 Old Dominion University

Topologically Optimized Electrodes For Electroosmotic Actuation, Jianwen Sun, Jianyu Zhang, Ce Guan, Teng Zhou, Shizhi Qian, Yongbo Deng

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Electroosmosis is one of the most used actuation mechanisms for the microfluidics in the current active lab-on-chip devices. It is generated on the induced charged microchannel walls in contact with an electrolyte solution. Electrode distribution plays the key role on providing the external electric field for electroosmosis, and determines the performance of electroosmotic microfluidics. Therefore, this paper proposes a topology optimization approach for the electrodes of electroosmotic microfluidics, where the electrode layout on the microchannel wall can be determined to achieve designer desired microfluidic performance. This topology optimization is carried out by implementing the interpolation of electric insulation and electric ...


Natural 2d Layered Mineral Cannizzarite With Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Natural 2d Layered Mineral Cannizzarite With Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Cannizzarite is a naturally occurring mineral formed by van der Waals (vdW) stacking of alternating layers of PbS-like and Bi2S3-like two-dimensional (2D) materials. Although the PbS-type and Bi2S3-type 2D material layers are structurally isotropic individually, the forced commensuration between these two types of layers while forming the heterostructure of cannizzarite induces strong structural anisotropy. Here we demonstrate the mechanical exfoliation of natural cannizzarite mineral to obtain thin vdW heterostructures of PbS-type and Bi2S3-type atomic layers. The structural anisotropy induced anisotropic optical properties of thin cannizzarite flakes are explored through angle-resolved polarized Raman scattering, linear dichroism, and polarization-dependent anisotropic third-harmonic generation ...


Dynamic Perimeter Movement Using Uavs And Robotic Systems, Nayeli Barrett, John Lawson, Billy Kihei 2022 Kennesaw State University

Dynamic Perimeter Movement Using Uavs And Robotic Systems, Nayeli Barrett, John Lawson, Billy Kihei

Symposium of Student Scholars

For this study, we propose a Dynamic Perimeter Movement system that has a user-operated UAV to identify GPS coordinate points using land markers such as April Tags. These markers would be used to identify the perimeter of a road work zone. Once the work zone is determined, autonomous robotic traffic cones would disperse to position themselves around the perimeter determined by coordinate points. As the work zone progresses the UAV would periodically update the perimeter to reposition robotic traffic cones. These traffic cones will operate using a Pure Pursuit system as a means to navigate.


Gen. Thomas P. Stafford Looks At The Display In The Hallway At Stafford Elementary, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Gen. Thomas P. Stafford Looks At The Display In The Hallway At Stafford Elementary, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

Gen. Thomas P. Stafford looks at the display in the hallway at Stafford Elementary, which is named in his honor. His two sons, Stas, right, and Michael look on.


Gen. Thomas P. Stafford Elementary School And Weatherford Stafford Airport Terminal Dedications November 21 & 22, 2022, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Gen. Thomas P. Stafford Elementary School And Weatherford Stafford Airport Terminal Dedications November 21 & 22, 2022, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

A collection of photos from the dedications of Stafford Elementary and Stafford Airport Terminal, seen in the November 23rd, 2022 issue of the Weatherford Daily News.


Weatherford Stafford Airport Celebrates New Terminal, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Weatherford Stafford Airport Celebrates New Terminal, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

The City of Weatherford and Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission will host a special public celebration and ribbon cutting of the new Weatherford Stafford Airport Terminal.


New Schools Personal For Project Manager, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

New Schools Personal For Project Manager, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

Gen. Thomas P. Stafford Elementary started construction in 2020, having a hand in building Stafford Elementary and East Intermediate was personal for Project Manager Shawn Bonner.


Stafford Highlights - Famed Astronaut Returns For 40th Anniversary Of Apollo Mission, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Stafford Highlights - Famed Astronaut Returns For 40th Anniversary Of Apollo Mission, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

Above, Lt. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford speaks during the anniversary event in Weatherford December 7, 2012, of Apollo 17.

At top right, Michael, Thomas and Stas Stafford are pictured with Cosmonaut Valery Kubasov during the 40th Anniversary of Apollo 17 December 7, 2012.


Astronaut Snoopy’S 50-Plus Year History With Nasa, Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Astronaut Snoopy’S 50-Plus Year History With Nasa, Weatherford Daily News

Articles

"Unknown to many, Snoopy has been working with NASA since the late 1950s"


Fracture Strength Of Multi-Component Ultra-High Temperature Carbides, Gia Garino 2022 Florida International University

Fracture Strength Of Multi-Component Ultra-High Temperature Carbides, Gia Garino

2022 MME Undergraduate Research Symposium

Ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs) have emerged as a promising material for next generation re-entry hypersonic vehicles due to high melting point (>3000 °C), and high mechanical properties and oxidation resistance. Yet none of the unary UHTCs can satisfy the whole gamut of demanding requirements for aerospace applications. Recently, the single-phase solid-solution formation in a multi-component ultra-high temperature ceramic (MC-UHTC) materials have gained interest due to their superior thermo-mechanical properties compared to conventional UHTCs. Herein, a systematic approach was used to fabricate binary (Ta, Nb)C, ternary (Ta, Nb, Hf)C, and quaternary (Ta, Nb, Hf, Ti)C UHTCs by gradual ...


A Machine Learning Approach Towards Analyzing Impact Of Surface Weather On Expect Departure Clearance Times In Aviation, Dothag Truong, Shlok Misra, Godfrey V. D'souza 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Machine Learning Approach Towards Analyzing Impact Of Surface Weather On Expect Departure Clearance Times In Aviation, Dothag Truong, Shlok Misra, Godfrey V. D'Souza

Publications

Commercial air travel in the United States has grown significantly in the past decade. While the reasons for air traffic delays can vary, the weather is the largest cause of flight cancellations and delays in the United States. Air Traffic Control centers utilize Traffic Management Initiatives such as Ground Stops and Expect Departure Clearance Times (EDCT) to manage traffic into and out of affected airports. Airline dispatchers and pilots monitor EDCTs to adjust flight blocks and flight schedules to reduce the impact on the airline’s operating network. The use of time-series data mining can be used to assess and ...


Local Astronaut May Command U.S.-Russian Flight (Reprint From 1972), Weatherford Daily News 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Local Astronaut May Command U.S.-Russian Flight (Reprint From 1972), Weatherford Daily News

Articles

EDITOR’S NOTE: this story first appeared in the November 2, 1972, edition of the Weatherford Daily News, 50 years ago today, about Lt. Gen. Thomas P. Stafford’s chance to commence a U.S.-Russian space flight.


Study Into The Sensitity Of The G-H Method To Blending Distance, Cory Goates, Doug Hunsaker 2022 Utah State University

Study Into The Sensitity Of The G-H Method To Blending Distance, Cory Goates, Doug Hunsaker

Browse all Datasets

A numerical lifting-line method (implemented in an open-source software package) is presented which can accurately estimate the aerodynamics of wings with arbitrary sweep, dihedral, and twist. Previous numerical lifting-line methods have suffered from grid convergence challenges and limitations in accurately modeling the effects of sweep, or have relied on empirical relations for swept-wing parameters and have been limited in their application to typical wing geometries. This work presents novel improvements in accuracy, flexibility, and speed for complex geometries over previous methods. In the current work, thin-airfoil theory is used to correct section lift coefficients for sweep, providing a more general ...


Multiple Discharges Before Leader Inception In Long Air Gaps Under Positive Switching Impulses, Xiangen Zhao, Juhyeong Lee, Gang Liu, Lei Jia, Yang Liu, Junjia He, Yaping Du 2022 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Multiple Discharges Before Leader Inception In Long Air Gaps Under Positive Switching Impulses, Xiangen Zhao, Juhyeong Lee, Gang Liu, Lei Jia, Yang Liu, Junjia He, Yaping Du

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

There are multiple corona bursts before leader inception when the rising rate of the applied voltage or electric field is not sufficiently high enough in long positive sparks. In existing studies, no attention has been paid to whether these corona bursts occur in the same location, and they are mostly considered directly as belonging to the same discharge. However, this paper presents that in a typical rod-plate long air gap, the multiple corona bursts before leader inception are distributed in at least two different locations, and the highest probability of three discharges occurs. Also, the discharge occurs with the highest ...


Sme Coffee Hour: Human Factors: Dirty Dozennorms And Complacency, Linda Vee Weiland 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Sme Coffee Hour: Human Factors: Dirty Dozennorms And Complacency, Linda Vee Weiland

Publications

Presentation about the relevance between communication, language, complacency and norms related to flight safety.


A Comparative Performance Analysis Of The Novel Turboaux Engine With A Turbojet Engine, And A Low-Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engine With An Afterburner, Kaleab Fetahi, Sharanabasaweshwara A. Asundi, Arthur C. Taylor 2022 Old Dominion University

A Comparative Performance Analysis Of The Novel Turboaux Engine With A Turbojet Engine, And A Low-Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engine With An Afterburner, Kaleab Fetahi, Sharanabasaweshwara A. Asundi, Arthur C. Taylor

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Presented herein is a comparative performance analysis of a novel turbofan engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber, nicknamed the TurboAux engine, against a turbojet engine, and a low bypass ratio turbofan engine with an afterburner is presented. The TurboAux engine is an adaption of the low-bypass ratio turbofan engine, but with secondary combustion in an auxiliary bypass annular combustion chamber for thrust augmentation. The TurboAux engine is envisioned with the desire to facilitate clean secondary burning of fuel at temperatures higher than in the main combustion chamber with air exiting the low-pressure compressor. The comparative study starts by analyzing the ...


A Machine Learning Framework For Automatic Speech Recognition In Air Traffic Control Using Word Level Binary Classification And Transcription, Fowad Shahid Sohail 2022 Rowan University

A Machine Learning Framework For Automatic Speech Recognition In Air Traffic Control Using Word Level Binary Classification And Transcription, Fowad Shahid Sohail

Theses and Dissertations

Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning have enabled a variety of new technologies. One such technology is Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), where a machine is given audio and transcribes the words that were spoken. ASR can be applied in a variety of domains to improve general usability and safety. One such domain is Air Traffic Control (ATC). ASR in ATC promises to improve safety in a mission critical environment. ASR models have historically required a large amount of clean training data. ATC environments are noisy and acquiring labeled data is a difficult, expertise dependent task. This thesis attempts to ...


Hyper-Velocity Impact Performance Of Foldcore Sandwich Composites, Nathan Hoch, Chase Mortensen, Juhyeong Lee, Khari Harrison, Kalyan Raj Kota, Thomas Lacy 2022 Utah State University

Hyper-Velocity Impact Performance Of Foldcore Sandwich Composites, Nathan Hoch, Chase Mortensen, Juhyeong Lee, Khari Harrison, Kalyan Raj Kota, Thomas Lacy

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A foldcore is a novel core made from a flat sheet of any material folded into a desired pattern. A foldcore sandwich composite (FSC) provides highly tailorable structural performance over conventional sandwich composites made with honeycomb or synthetic polymer foam cores. Foldcore design can be optimized to accommodate complex shapes and unit cell geometries suitable for protective shielding structures

This work aims to characterize hypervelocity impact (> 2000 m/s, HVI) response and corresponding damage morphologies of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) FSCs. A series of normal (0° impact angle) and oblique (45° impact angle) HVI (~3km/s nominal projectile velocity ...


Design Of Composite Double-Slab Radar Absorbing Structures Using Forward, Inverse, And Tandem Neural Networks, Devin Nielsen, Juhyeong Lee, Young-Woo Nam 2022 Utah State University

Design Of Composite Double-Slab Radar Absorbing Structures Using Forward, Inverse, And Tandem Neural Networks, Devin Nielsen, Juhyeong Lee, Young-Woo Nam

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The survivability and mission of a military aircraft is often designed with minimum radar cross section (RCS) to ensure its long-term operation and maintainability. To reduce aircraft’s RCS, a specially formulated Radar Absorbing Structures (RAS) is primarily applied to its external skins. A Ni-coated glass/epoxy composite is a recent RAS material system designed for decreasing the RCS for the X-band (8.2 – 12.4 GHz), while maintaining efficient and reliable structural performance to function as the skin of an aircraft. Experimentally measured and computationally predicted radar responses (i.e., return loss responses in specific frequency ranges) of multi-layered ...


Predicting Stochastic Lightning Mechanical Damage Effects On Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites, Juhyeong Lee, Syed Zulfiqar Hussain Shah 2022 Utah State University

Predicting Stochastic Lightning Mechanical Damage Effects On Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites, Juhyeong Lee, Syed Zulfiqar Hussain Shah

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Three stochastic air blast models are developed with spatially varying elastic properties and failure strengths for predicting lightning mechanical damage to AS4/3506 carbon/epoxy composites subjected to < 100 kA peak currents: (1) the conventional weapon effects program (CWP) model, (2) the coupled eulerianlagrangian (CEL) model, and (3) the smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) model. This work is an extension of our previous studies [1–4] that used deterministic air blast models for lightning mechanical damage prediction. Stochastic variations in composite material properties were generated using the Box-Muller transformation algorithm with the mean (i.e., room temperature experimental data) and their standard deviations (i.e., 10% of the mean herein as reference). The predicted dynamic responses and corresponding damage initiation prediction for composites under equivalent air blast loading were comparable for the deterministic and stochastic models. Overall, the domains with displacement, von-Mises stress, and damage initiation contours predicted in the stochastic models were somewhat sporadic and asymmetric along the fiber’s local orientation and varied intermittently. This suggests the significance of local property variations in lightning mechanical damage prediction. Thus, stochastic air blast models may provide a more accurate lightning mechanical damage approximation than traditional (deterministic) air blast models. All stochastic models proposed in this work demonstrated satisfactory accuracy compared to the baseline models, but required substantial computational time due to the random material model generation/assignment process, which needs to be optimized in future work.


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