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Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Moving Object Recognition And Guidance Of Robots Using Neural Networks, Abhijit Neogy, S. N. Balakrishnan, Cihan H. Dagli

Cihan Dagli

The design of a robust guidance system for a robot is discussed. The two major tasks for this guidance system are the online recognition of a moving object invariant to rotation and translation, and tracking the moving object using a neural-network-driven vision system. This system included computer software ported to the IBM PC and interfaced with an IBM 7535 robot. The operation of this guidance system involved recognition of a moving object and the ability to track it till the robot and effector was in close proximity of the object. It was found that the robot was able to track ...


Overview Of Ablation Test-Cases, Alexandre Martin, Jean Lachaud, Tom van Eekelen, Ioana Cozmuta, Michael Wright, Nagi N. Mansour, Daniele Bianchi 2016 University of Kentucky

Overview Of Ablation Test-Cases, Alexandre Martin, Jean Lachaud, Tom Van Eekelen, Ioana Cozmuta, Michael Wright, Nagi N. Mansour, Daniele Bianchi

Alexandre Martin

No abstract provided.


Numerical Investigation Of Three-Dimensional Effects Within A Charring Ablator, Alexandre Martin, Ovais U. Khan, Huai-Bao Zhang 2016 University of Kentucky

Numerical Investigation Of Three-Dimensional Effects Within A Charring Ablator, Alexandre Martin, Ovais U. Khan, Huai-Bao Zhang

Alexandre Martin

Re-entry of a spacecraft occurs at hypersonic regime where flow field is extremely complex. High temperature gradients occurring in the shock-layer region ionizes and dissociates the air. Even if a large portion of heat generated during this process is convected away in the surrounding air, a fraction of it is still transferred to the vehicle. Therefore, it is important to protect the vehicle with a suitable kind of shielding. Of many techniques available today, the use of ablator material is increasing in popularity. The basic idea behind an ablating heat shield is that the energy incident on the spacecraft is ...


Modeling Of Heat Transfer Attenuation By Ablative Gases During The Stardust Re-Entry, Alexandre Martin, Iain D. Boyd 2016 University of Kentucky

Modeling Of Heat Transfer Attenuation By Ablative Gases During The Stardust Re-Entry, Alexandre Martin, Iain D. Boyd

Alexandre Martin

The great majority of modern space vehicles designed for planetary exploration use ablative materials to protect the payload against the high heating environment experienced during re-entry. In order to properly model and predict the aerothermal environment of the vehicle, it is imperative to account for the gases produced by ablation processes. In the case of charring ablators, where an inner resin is pyrolyzed at a relatively low temperature, the composition of the gas expelled into the boundary layer is complex and may lead to thermal chemical reactions that cannot be captured with simple flow chemistry models. In order to obtain ...


Introduction: The 5th Ablation Workshop And Beyond, Ioana Cozmuta, Alexandre Martin 2016 NASA Ames Research Center

Introduction: The 5th Ablation Workshop And Beyond, Ioana Cozmuta, Alexandre Martin

Alexandre Martin

No abstract provided.


Definition Of Ablation Test-Case Series #3, Tom van Eekelen, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Ioana Cozmuta 2016 Samtech, Belgium

Definition Of Ablation Test-Case Series #3, Tom Van Eekelen, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Ioana Cozmuta

Alexandre Martin

The test-case series #3 will be a further extension of the tests defined within the framework of the NASA ablation modelling workshops. In order to reduce the amount of work, all tests within test-case series #3, will use the TACOT material defined by Lachaud et al. The main goal of this new series, is to test the 3D modelling capabilities of the participating codes. The first 1D results were presented at the 4th Ablation workshop, and together with the results of the second test-case series, will be discussed and analyzed more thoroughly at the 5th Ablation Workshop, Feb. 28- March ...


Ablation Test-Case Series #3. Numerical Simulation Of Ablative-Material Response: Code And Model Comparisons, Tom van Eekelen, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Ioana Cozmuta 2016 Samtech, Belgium

Ablation Test-Case Series #3. Numerical Simulation Of Ablative-Material Response: Code And Model Comparisons, Tom Van Eekelen, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Ioana Cozmuta

Alexandre Martin

The test-case series #3 will be a further extension of the tests defined within the framework of the NASA ablation modelling workshops. In order to reduce the amount of work, all tests within test-case series #3, will use the TACOT material defined by Lachaud et al. The main goal of this new series, is to test the 3D modelling capabilities of the participating codes. The first 1D results were presented at the 4th Ablation workshop, and together with the results of the second test-case series, will be discussed and analyzed more thoroughly at the 5th Ablation Workshop, Feb. 28- March ...


Ablation Test-Case Series #2. Numerical Simulation Of Ablative-Material Response: Code And Model Comparisons, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Tom van Eekelen, Ioana Cozmuta 2016 University of California, Santa Cruz

Ablation Test-Case Series #2. Numerical Simulation Of Ablative-Material Response: Code And Model Comparisons, Jean R. Lachaud, Alexandre Martin, Tom Van Eekelen, Ioana Cozmuta

Alexandre Martin

This test-case series on the numerical simulation of the response of ablative-materials really started out of pure curiosity. Code developers and users were curious to see "how the codes compare" and "what is the effect of the different hypotheses in the models implemented". The objective of these test-case series is to propose problems of increasing complexity until it is agreed that the most-elaborated well-defined problem is formulated. The first test-case was mostly a simple heat transfer problem chosen for it’s simplicity (it is summarized in section 2.1). The second test-case series goes one step further, with the objective ...


Experimental Investigation Of Blowing Effects On Turbulent Flow Over A Rough Surface, Mark A. Miller, Sean C. C. Bailey, Alexandre Martin 2016 University of Kentucky

Experimental Investigation Of Blowing Effects On Turbulent Flow Over A Rough Surface, Mark A. Miller, Sean C. C. Bailey, Alexandre Martin

Alexandre Martin

Entry of spacecraft into an atmosphere occurs at hypersonic speeds, extremely complex flow fields, with aerothermodynamic effects which can cause the surface to be subjected to extreme heating. It is therefore important to protect the vehicle and its payload using a thermal protection system (TPS). Heat shields, which are an important part of a TPS, can be of either ablative or non-ablative types. For an ablative TPS, the energy is dissipated through surface material charring and ablation, as well as releasing gasses which serve to carry energy away from the TPS and thus reduce the total heat flux into the ...


Ablation Test Case Series #2. Mopar: Results For The Inter-Code Calibration, Jonathan E. Wiebenga, Iain D. Boyd, Alexandre Martin 2016 University of Michigan

Ablation Test Case Series #2. Mopar: Results For The Inter-Code Calibration, Jonathan E. Wiebenga, Iain D. Boyd, Alexandre Martin

Alexandre Martin

No abstract provided.


Ablation Test Case Series #3, Tom van Eekelen, Alexandre Martin, Jean Lachaud, Daniele Bianchi 2016 Samtech, Belgium

Ablation Test Case Series #3, Tom Van Eekelen, Alexandre Martin, Jean Lachaud, Daniele Bianchi

Alexandre Martin

No abstract provided.


Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Bodies To Reduce Sonic Boom Signature, Junhui Li 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Bodies To Reduce Sonic Boom Signature, Junhui Li

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In recent years there has been resurgence of interest by aerospace industry and NASA in supersonic transport aircraft. In recent studies, the emphasis has been on shape optimization of supersonic plane to reduce the acoustic signature of sonic boom resulting from the supersonic aircraft at high altitude in cruise flight. Because of the limitations of in-flight testing and cost of laboratory scale testing, CFD technology provides an attractive alternative to aid in the design and optimization of supersonic vehicles. In last decade, the predictive capability of CFD technology has significantly improved because of substantial increase in computational power, which allows ...


2015-2016 Eraudb Aiaa Design/Build/Fly Technical Report, Trevor W. Perrott 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

2015-2016 Eraudb Aiaa Design/Build/Fly Technical Report, Trevor W. Perrott

Student Works

The economic potential of small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAVs) has been well documented and reported. According to the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI), there is an associated economic impact from the growth of the UAV industry. The goal of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Design/Build/Fly Competition Research Program (AIAA DBF CRP) is to investigate design and manufacturing methods for application to SUAVs within the scope of the AIAA DBF Competition.

Students were engaged in the application of aerospace engineering knowledge for the production of a dual-aircraft system. Through the use of Computational Fluid Dynamics ...


Development Of A "Multi-Cut" Payload For Use In Stratospheric Ballooning Missions, James Flaten, Joey Habeck, Noah Biniek, Steven Smeaton, Austin Langford, Jordan Diers, Isaac Krieger 2016 U of MN - Twin Cities / MN Space Grant

Development Of A "Multi-Cut" Payload For Use In Stratospheric Ballooning Missions, James Flaten, Joey Habeck, Noah Biniek, Steven Smeaton, Austin Langford, Jordan Diers, Isaac Krieger

2016 Academic High Altitude Conference

The ability to cut strings (AKA lines) during stratospheric ballooning missions has a wide variety of uses including, but not limited to, (a) flight termination (i.e. cutting payloads away from the main balloon), (b) cutting away excess lift balloon(s) to slow ascent rate (and possibly achieve float), (c) cutting away ballast weights to slow descent rate or increase ascent rate, (d) cutting away burst balloon(s) on descent to avoid parachute entanglement, and (e) cutting away payloads which are intended to return to the ground independently, for experimental purposes. We report on the development of a “multi-cut” payload ...


Evaluation Of Various Turbulence Models For Shock-Wave Boundary Layer Interaction Flows, Francis K. Acquaye 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Evaluation Of Various Turbulence Models For Shock-Wave Boundary Layer Interaction Flows, Francis K. Acquaye

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Despite the modeling capabilities of current computational fluid dynamics (CFD), there still exist problems and inconsistencies in simulating fluid flow in certain flow regimes. Most difficult are the high-speed transonic, supersonic and hypersonic wall-bounded turbulent flows with small or massive regions of separation. To address the problem of the lack of computational accuracy in turbulence modeling, NASA has established the Turbulence Modeling Resource (TMR) website and has issued the NASA 40% Challenge. The aim of this challenge is to identify and improve/develop turbulence and transition models as well as numerical techniques to achieve a 40% reduction in the predictive ...


Optimization Of Takeoffs On Unbalanced Fields Using Takeoff Performance Tool, Nihad E. Daidzic 2016 AAR Aerospace Consulting, LLC

Optimization Of Takeoffs On Unbalanced Fields Using Takeoff Performance Tool, Nihad E. Daidzic

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Unbalanced field length exists when ASDA and TODA are not equal. Airport authority may add less expensive substitutes to runway full-strength pavement in the form of stopways and/or clearways to basic TORA to increase operational takeoff weights. Here developed Takeoff Performance Tool is a physics-based total-energy model used to simulate FAR/CS 25 regulated airplane takeoffs. Any aircraft, runway, and environmental conditions can be simulated, while complying with the applicable regulations and maximizing performance takeoff weights. The mathematical model was translated into Matlab, Fortran 95/2003/2008, Basic, and MS Excel computer codes. All existing FAR/CS 25 takeoff ...


Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt

Kevin Hallinan

In order to enhance the fundamental understanding of thin film evaporation and thereby improve the critical design concept for two-phase heat transfer devices, microscale heat and mass transport is to be investigated for the transition film region using state-of-the-art optical diagnostic techniques. By utilizing a microgravity environment, the length scales of the transition film region can be extended sufficiently, from submicron to micron, to probe and measure the microscale transport fields which are affected by intermolecular forces. Extension of the thin film dimensions under microgravity will be achieved by using a conical evaporator made of a thin silicon substrate under ...


Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar 2016 Brown University

Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar

Kevin Hallinan

Nanotechnology has become central to our research efforts to fabricate relatively smaller size devices, which are more versatile than their older and larger predecessors. Silica is a very important material in this regard. Recently, a new biomimetically inspired path to silica production has been demonstrated. This processing technique was inspired from biological organisms, such as marine diatoms, which produce silica at ambient conditions and almost neutral ph with beautiful control over location and structure. Recently, several researchers have demonstrated that positional control of silica formed could be achieved by application of an electric field to locate charged enzymes responsible for ...


Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier 2016 University of Dayton

Leveraging Students’ Passion And Creativity: Ethos At The University Of Dayton, Margaret Pinnell, Malcolm Daniels, Kevin P. Hallinan, Gretchen Berkemeier

Kevin Hallinan

The Engineers in Technical Humanitarian Opportunities of Service-learning (ETHOS) program was developed in the spring of 2001 by an interdisciplinary group (electrical, chemical, civil and mechanical) of undergraduate engineering students at the University of Dayton (UD). ETHOS was founded on the belief that engineers are more apt and capable to appropriately serve our world if they have an understanding of technology’s global linkage with values, culture, society, politics, and the economy. Since 2001, the ETHOS program at UD has grown and changed.

From conceptualization, to implementation, to maturation and national recognition, the program has addressed challenges of academic acceptance ...


Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin McCarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin Mccarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

Kevin Hallinan

This paper explores the potential for solid-state energy harvesting in industrial applications. In contrast to traditional heat recovery, the output of solid-state devices is electricity, which can be readily used in virtually any plant. The progress in harvesting waste heat via thermoelectric and thermionic generators is described. With second law efficiencies now approaching 50% and 80% respectively, we show that these technologies are on the cusp of practical use. Finally, we present an example of energy harvesting using thermionic devices in an industrial application. The example considers energy harvesting from a furnace at a glass manufacturing facility where exhaust gases ...


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