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1925 full-text articles. Page 1 of 47.

Geopolymer Applications And Material Specifications In Railway Industry, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2017 University of Birmingham

Geopolymer Applications And Material Specifications In Railway Industry, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Geopolymer has been developed in the past decades and its applications in civil infrastructures start to gain popularity by replacing high-carbon concrete materials with the greener material. However, the application and uses of geopolymer concrete in railway industry are not common. It is because the material design and mixture did not fully accommodate the sub-system and systemic requirements for rail operations and maintenance. In this presentation, the emphasis is placed on the promising solutions to solve the sustainability issue and applicability for geopolymer concrete in railway environments. The review of railway infrastructures and their design and operational requirements are highlighted ...


Sustainable And Self-Sensing Concrete, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Maaninder Singh, Ange-Therese Akono, Tetsuya Ishida 2017 University of Birmingham

Sustainable And Self-Sensing Concrete, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Maaninder Singh, Ange-Therese Akono, Tetsuya Ishida

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

The majority of civil infrastructure is constructed using concrete materials and currently concrete production is at all time high resulting in significant carbon dioxide emissions. Furthermore, concrete structures have low tensile strength and low ductility increasing the risk of failure. Therefore concrete is currently neither environmentally nor economically sustainable. In this study, the experimental investigation has been highly promising in identifying a solution to solve the sustainability issue regarding concrete. Our critical literature showed that there have been successful in identifying the most optimum solution to solve the issue of carbon dioxide emissions related to concrete production but concrete structures ...


Task-Based Approach To Define Occupant Behaviour In Agent-Based Modelling, Kelly Jo Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Ulrike Passe, Caroline C. Krejci 2017 Iowa State University

Task-Based Approach To Define Occupant Behaviour In Agent-Based Modelling, Kelly Jo Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Ulrike Passe, Caroline C. Krejci

Caroline C. Krejci

This paper presents a development approach and design of a task-centered agent-based model (ABM) to represent the interactions of occupants with a commercial office building. The model is built with the understanding that occupant behaviour is driven by tasks the occupant performs. A contextual task analysis questionnaire explored occupant perspectives on the interactions between their tasks, their individual behaviour and comfort, and the physical characteristics of their workspace. This task-based information defines five ABM elements that represent occupants, task and workspace environment, task list, occupant actions, and the impact of the occupant-workspace interaction on tasks. An example of an occupant ...


Road Zipper™, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Road Zipper™, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Construction work zones are growing in number around the world. The natural aging of existing roadway infrastructure ensures that more and more maintenance and rehabilitation will be required. Work zones, by their very definition, create two major problems that must be addressed in some way: safety and mobility. In the United States, highway work zones are responsible for almost 25% of all non-recurring congestion and 10% of overall congestion. Vehicle accidents are more common in work zones, and traffic congestion through work zones on urban arterials and freeways is often considered to be “unavoidable." To address these issues, ROAD ZIPPER ...


Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On The Fatigue Life And Energy Performance Of Wave Energy Converter System, Shun-Han Yang, Jonas W. Ringsberg, Erland Johnson 2017 Chalmers University of Technology

Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On The Fatigue Life And Energy Performance Of Wave Energy Converter System, Shun-Han Yang, Jonas W. Ringsberg, Erland Johnson

MARENER 2017

This study presents an analysis of a wave energy converter (WEC) system consisting of a buoy, a mooring system, and a power cable connected to a hub. The design service life of the investigated WEC is 25 years. During this long period, its service life will be influenced by marine biofouling due to the biological activity in the water.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of biofouling with regard to the energy performance of the WEC and the fatigue lives of the mooring lines and power cable. The marine biofouling is modelled by an increase in ...


Into The Real World: Assessing The Value Of Wind Assist Technology, Benjamin Howett, T. Cui, M. Kui, O. Turan, A. H. Day, A. Incecik 2017 University of Strathclyde

Into The Real World: Assessing The Value Of Wind Assist Technology, Benjamin Howett, T. Cui, M. Kui, O. Turan, A. H. Day, A. Incecik

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Numerical Simulations On Added Resistance And Ship Motions Of Kvlcc2 In Waves, Mingyu Kim 2017 University of Strathclyde

Numerical Simulations On Added Resistance And Ship Motions Of Kvlcc2 In Waves, Mingyu Kim

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Engineered Crumbed Rubber Concrete For Vibroacoustic Reduction In Railway Built Environment, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ange-Therese Akono 2017 University of Birmingham

Engineered Crumbed Rubber Concrete For Vibroacoustic Reduction In Railway Built Environment, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ange-Therese Akono

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Environmental friendly structural concrete using recycled waste tires, rubber and synthetics in structural concrete as either aggregate or filler have faced a number of challenges over the decade. The crumbed rubber concrete (CRC) was initially developed for low-profile non-structural elements such as pedestrian pathway, acoustic wall panel, and furniture due to its low strength. Although it has excellent thermal insulation property, using wasted rubber as aggregate could cause adverse effects on durability, creep and shrinkage, and abrassion resistance. Modern nanotechnology provides an opportunity for CRC modifications to improve strength while maintain high damping and good sound absorption. Experimental results show ...


Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 1, Amal Abbas, Inayat Bajwa 2017 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 1, Amal Abbas, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

Ag nanoparticle inkjet printing on polyimide and polyethylene terephthalate films has been performed using Dimatix inkjet printer at Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility. This article describes selection of Ag nanoparticle inks and reports the progress of optimization of drop spacing, drop frequency, droplet size, and waveform for high resolution features, and furthermore reveals the pros and cons of Dimatix inkjet printing. In addition, the resistivity of Ag nanoparticle line sintered was determined to be ~2.2 x 10-5 Ωm. The adhesion and bending tests indicated that Ag nanoparticle pattern sintered on PI and PET films had exceptional mechanical stability.


The Effect Of Creasing Lines On The Compression Strength Of Adjustable Height Corrugated Boxes, Péter Csavajda, Péter Böröcz, Ákos Mojzes, Bence Molnár 2017 Széchenyi István University

The Effect Of Creasing Lines On The Compression Strength Of Adjustable Height Corrugated Boxes, Péter Csavajda, Péter Böröcz, Ákos Mojzes, Bence Molnár

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Due to its high strength and low density, the corrugated fibreboard (CFB) box is one of the most popular types of packaging all over the world. This packaging device is able to fulfil a huge number of requirements of the logistic process, during the phases of handling, shipping and storage. In addition to this, corrugated packaging is easily machinable, so it is also suitable for special supply chains and products. These special needs include the requirement to fit to the inner measurements of the shipping device, e.g. the shipping container. This is particularly expected in case of less than ...


Adding A Polymer Film Barrier Layer In The Press Forming Process Of Paperboard Trays, Ville Leminen, Panu Tanninen, Mika Kainusalmi, Kirubel Bogale, Juha Varis 2017 Lappeenranta University of Technology

Adding A Polymer Film Barrier Layer In The Press Forming Process Of Paperboard Trays, Ville Leminen, Panu Tanninen, Mika Kainusalmi, Kirubel Bogale, Juha Varis

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

The aim of this paper was to investigate the possibility to add a barrier layer in the press forming phase of paperboard trays by sealing a polymer film to a paperboard substrate. Plastic coating is often an important part of packages manufactured for food packaging. Traditionally the paperboards for food packaging are coated in the paper mill before the actual forming of the package. Experiments with coated and uncoated boards were made and the bonding and adhesion of materials was observed. The results indicate that adhesion between the board and the film can be achieved in the forming process. However ...


Applied Strength Of Materials For Engineering Technology, Barry Dupen 2017 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Applied Strength Of Materials For Engineering Technology, Barry Dupen

Manufacturing and Construction Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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The Effect Of A Powered Ankle Foot Orthosis On Walking In A Stroke Subject: A Case Study, Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian 2016 Iran University of Medical Sciences

The Effect Of A Powered Ankle Foot Orthosis On Walking In A Stroke Subject: A Case Study, Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

[Purpose] Standing and walking are impaired in stroke patients. Therefore, assisted devices are required to restore their walking abilities. The ankle foot orthosis with an external powered source is a new type of orthosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a powered ankle foot orthosis compared with unpowered orthoses in a stroke patient.

[Subjects and Methods] A single stroke subject participated in this study. The subject was fitted with three types of ankle foot orthosis (powered, posterior leg spring, and carbon ankle foot orthoses). He was asked to walk with and without the three types ...


Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue ECT Team 2016 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

In most gravity fed water transmission pipelines, it is desired to reduce excess pressure head to prevent undue strain on a pipeline and lower the incidence of leaks. Normally this is done with pressure reducing valves that essentially burn off this excess pressure as heat. The LucidPipe™ system converts it to low cost electricity thereby removing unwanted pressure and generating energy at the same time - energy that can be put used behind the grid or put back on the grid. The LucidPipe™ system extracts a small percentage of pressure head providing nearly invisible operation allowing water operators to fulfill their ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook 2016 University of Maine

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Self-Patterning Gd Nano-Fibers In Mg-Gd Alloys, Yangxin Li, Jian Wang, Kaiguo Chen, Meiyue Shao, Yao Shen, Li Jin, Guo-zhen Zhu 2016 Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Self-Patterning Gd Nano-Fibers In Mg-Gd Alloys, Yangxin Li, Jian Wang, Kaiguo Chen, Meiyue Shao, Yao Shen, Li Jin, Guo-Zhen Zhu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Manipulating the shape and distribution of strengthening units, e.g. particles, fibers, and precipitates, in a bulk metal, has been a widely applied strategy of tailoring their mechanical properties. Here, we report self-assembled patterns of Gd nano-fibers in Mg-Gd alloys for the purpose of improving their strength and deformability. 1-nm Gd nano-fibers, with a 〈c〉-rod shape, are formed and hexagonally patterned in association with Gd segregations along dislocations that nucleated during hot extrusion. Such Gd-fiber patterns are able to regulate the relative activities of slips and twinning, as a result, overcome the inherent limitations in strength and ductility of ...


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