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Task-Based Approach To Define Occupant Behaviour In Agent-Based Modelling, Kelly Jo Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Ulrike Passe, Caroline C. Krejci 2017 Iowa State University

Task-Based Approach To Define Occupant Behaviour In Agent-Based Modelling, Kelly Jo Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Ulrike Passe, Caroline C. Krejci

Ulrike Passe

This paper presents a development approach and design of a task-centered agent-based model (ABM) to represent the interactions of occupants with a commercial office building. The model is built with the understanding that occupant behaviour is driven by tasks the occupant performs. A contextual task analysis questionnaire explored occupant perspectives on the interactions between their tasks, their individual behaviour and comfort, and the physical characteristics of their workspace. This task-based information defines five ABM elements that represent occupants, task and workspace environment, task list, occupant actions, and the impact of the occupant-workspace interaction on tasks. An example of an occupant ...


Models For Ut Inspection Of Bolthole Cracks In Layered Structures, Robert Grandin, Tim Gray, Ron Roberts 2017 Iowa State University

Models For Ut Inspection Of Bolthole Cracks In Layered Structures, Robert Grandin, Tim Gray, Ron Roberts

Robert Grandin

Due to the geometrical complexities of bolted, layered airframe structures, the application of Model Assisted Probability of Detection, or MAPOD, is an important tool for helping to assess the ultrasonic inspectability of those components. Of particular importance is the need to inspect for cracks on or near boltholes in those structures. This presentation describes the development and testing of analytical computer models of and their application to bolthole crack inspection. The modeling approach includes approximate, paraxial, bulk-wave models as well as more rigorous, analytical models that include both bulk and surface/plate modes. The simpler models have the flexibility and ...


Dynamic Responses Of Railway Ultra-High-Strength Concrete Sleepers Under Extreme Impact Loading, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov, Shintaro Minoura 2017 University of Birmingham

Dynamic Responses Of Railway Ultra-High-Strength Concrete Sleepers Under Extreme Impact Loading, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov, Shintaro Minoura

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Ultra high strength concrete has been adopted recently in construction industry. Prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are designed usually using high strength concrete (around 50-80 MPa) in order to carry and transfer the wheel loads from the rails to the ground and to maintain rail guage for safe train travels. The sleepers are installed as the crosstie beam support in railway track systems. They are subjected to impact loading conditions that are resulted from train operations over wheel or rail abnormalities, such as flat wheels, dipped rails, crossing transfers, rail squats, corrugation, etc. The magnitude of the shock load ...


Comparing Training Performance With Vibrotactile Hit Alerts Vs. Audio Alerts, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anthony Civitate, Jonathan W. Kelly, Frederick Thompson, Alisha Smith, Ken Kopecky, Eliot Winer, Julio de la Cruz 2017 Iowa State University

Comparing Training Performance With Vibrotactile Hit Alerts Vs. Audio Alerts, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anthony Civitate, Jonathan W. Kelly, Frederick Thompson, Alisha Smith, Ken Kopecky, Eliot Winer, Julio De La Cruz

Stephen B. Gilbert

Live, virtual, and constructive training that integrates dismounted warfighter training with convoy training, pilot training, and other systems has been demonstrated to reduce training time, and studies have shown that a high level of immersion and the illusion of presence in a VR environment contribute to this success. However, current force-on-force training simulators lack one major quality that is needed to impart this strong sense of presence for warfighters: the consequence of getting shot.

Simulated return-fire systems have been developed for different purposes including military, police and entertainment. Some use projectiles, but that approach is usually limited to a shoot ...


Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo 2017 Iowa State University

Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo

Stephen B. Gilbert

The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (xPST) allows authors who are not cognitive scientists and not programmers to quickly create an intelligent tutoring system that provides instruction akin to a model-tracing tutor. Furthermore, this instruction is overlaid on existing software, so that the learner’s interface does not have to be made from scratch. The xPST architecture allows for extending its capabilities by the addition of plug-ins that communicate with additional third-party software. After reviewing this general architecture, we describe three major implementations that we have created using the xPST system, each using different third-party software as the learner’s interface ...


Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov 2017 University of Tampa

Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov

Stephen B. Gilbert

ConceptGrid provides a template-style approach to check natural language responses by students using a model-tracing style intelligent tutoring system. The tutor-author creates, using a web-based authoring system, a latticestyle structure that contains the set of required concepts that need to be in a student response. The author can also create just-in-time feedback based on the concepts present or absent in the student's response. ConceptGrid is integrated within the xPST authoring tool and was tested in two experiments, both of which show the efficacy of the technique to check student answers. The first study tested the tutor's effectiveness overall ...


Applied Strength Of Materials For Engineering Technology, Barry Dupen 2017 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Applied Strength Of Materials For Engineering Technology, Barry Dupen

Manufacturing and Construction Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Study On The Mechanical Behavior Of Directly Compounded Long Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyamide 6 Composites, Yuchao Liu 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Study On The Mechanical Behavior Of Directly Compounded Long Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyamide 6 Composites, Yuchao Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With great lightweight potential, high performance-to-cost ratio and mass productivity, direct-compounded long fiber thermoplastics (D-LFT) have drawn great attention from the automotive industry. With better mechanical properties and higher service temperature, polyamide 6 (PA6) was used to replace polypropylene (PP) which is almost the exclusively used matrix for the D-LFT process currently. The investigation was performed on this new material with a focus on the effect of fiber content, processing parameters, temperature and tailored reinforcement on mechanical behavior. The results show that the mechanical properties of this new material are sensitive to the variation of fiber content and service temperature ...


Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 2, Ming Yuan Chuang 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 2, Ming Yuan Chuang

Protocols and Reports

This report describes the rheological analysisof the present Ag nanoparticle ink, and confirms that it is suitable for the piezoelectric drop-on-demand printing for both of 1 pL and 10 pL cartridges. The satellite drops and the splashing on the substrate are also discussed for optimization of the nozzle temperature and the jetting voltage. The minimum horizontal and vertical line widths are shown to be 30 and 40 µm, respectively, but the average minimum single line width is estimated to be ~50 µm. The non-uniform width lines are suggested to arise from the bulge instability. Furthermore, it is indicated that the ...


Netpoint®, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Netpoint®, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The vast majority of construction scheduling software uses a combination of spreadsheets and Gantt charts for developing and depicting Critical Path Method (CPM) schedules. While this paradigm works for the expert scheduler, it is not conducive to collaboration, and it is prohibitively difficult for non-scheduling experts to understand.

NetPoint® provides a dynamic, visual interface conducive to touch and gestural input. Activities are drawn directly on a time-scale and may be placed on the same row or arranged automatically using codes or the WBS. Such control of the presentation makes it easier to communicate the plan to any type of audience ...


Fluid Isolator, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Fluid Isolator, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The reliability of concrete infrastructure is vital to ensuring daily life, as well as commerce, can progress without interruption. From the pavement of interstate highways to the driveways and sidewalks in a local neighborhood, concrete is expensive to install and often even more expensive, and intrusive, when it needs to be replaced. Unfortunately, to maintain functionality in winter climates concrete is heavily exposed to deicing salts. This not only affects the roads, driveways, and sidewalks where salt is applied directly, but many other areas such as parking and residential garages where vehicles (and people) will track salt along with water ...


The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vacuum forming is a popular, cost effective method amongst large and small scale applications. The method is used to mold a material to the surface of a mold/pattern in order to create a negative copy for reproduction or an object in positive form. The prototype vacuum forming system developed and documented herein is of a membrane-seal type that consists of three (3) principle parts: radial platen, Hinged Frame and Platen Support Assembly, and a PVC surge tank. Each part is described in detail through design, manufacturing, and testing processes. The design supports functional versatility, small scale molding, and uses ...


Peridynamic Models For Fatigue And Fracture In Isotropic And In Polycrystalline Materials, Guanfeng Zhang 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Peridynamic Models For Fatigue And Fracture In Isotropic And In Polycrystalline Materials, Guanfeng Zhang

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

To improve design and reliability, extensive efforts has been devoted to understanding damage and failure of materials and structures using numerical simulation, as a complement of theory and experiment. In this thesis, peridynamics is adopted to study fatigue and dynamic failure problems.

Fatigue is a major failure mode in engineering structures. Predicting fracture/failure under cyclic loading is a challenging problem. Classical model cannot directly be applied to problems with discontinuities. A peridynamic model is adopted in this work because of important advantages of peridynamics in allowing autonomous crack initiation and propagation. A recently proposed peridynamic fatigue crack model is ...


Smartvid.Io, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Smartvid.Io, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The collection, organization, and retrieval of industrial media is a pervasive challenge that is especially glaring for companies in the AEC industry. Construction projects often generate large volumes of pictures & videos from the field for tracking progress and communicating between engineers, contractors, and subcontractors. It is not uncommon for field personnel to capture hundreds of photos per week on any given jobsite.

Smartvid.io is a cloud-based software solution designed for the specific needs of industrial media. The application’s internal deep-learning engines, collectively nicknamed VINNIE (for ‘Very Intelligent Neural Network for Insight and Evaluation’), use speech and image recognition ...


Developments And Properties Of Plastic Mimicking Biopolymers For Food Packaging Application, Daniel I. Hefft 2017 Weetabix Ltd

Developments And Properties Of Plastic Mimicking Biopolymers For Food Packaging Application, Daniel I. Hefft

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Sustainability takes an ever increasing importance in the food industry. Here not only the selection of raw materials plays a role, but also packaging materials. Nowadays there is an increasing number of biodegradable and bio-compostable packaging materials available.

However, these materials are still not able to replace mineral oil based packaging materials completely, nevertheless they are becoming increasingly important, since there must be solutions to problems such as pollution of the oceans by plastic waste, growing piles of rubbish from growing population, etc.

The following literature review shows briefly recent developments on plastic mimicking biopolymers, as these materials guarantee great ...


Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Hillman Composite Beam (Hcb®), Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

The Hillman-Composite Beam (HCB®), is an innovative structural member for use in highway and railroad bridges as well as marine facilities. The HCB is essentially a lightweight reinforced concrete beam strengthened and protected by a corrosion-resistant and resilient Fiberglass Reinforced Polymer (FRP) shell.

The beam is comprised of three main components, a concrete arch (compression reinforcement), an FRP bottom flange encapsulating steel strands tying the ends of the arch together (tension reinforcement) and the FRP shell. Galvanized Rebar “shear connectors” are used to make the beam composite with the concrete deck in the same manner as pre-stressed concrete beams.

The ...


Clarity Of Microstamped Identifiers As A Function Of Primer Hardness And Type Of Firearm Action, L. Scott Chumbley, J. Kreiser, T. Lizotte, O. Ohar, T. Grieve, B. King, David J. Eisenmann 2017 Iowa State University

Clarity Of Microstamped Identifiers As A Function Of Primer Hardness And Type Of Firearm Action, L. Scott Chumbley, J. Kreiser, T. Lizotte, O. Ohar, T. Grieve, B. King, David J. Eisenmann

David Eisenmann

The transfer of microstamped identifiers to the primers of fired cartridges was examined using a stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The identifiers were placed on the firing pins of three different 9mm handguns, namely, a Sig Sauer, a Taurus, and a Hi-Point. Ten different brands of ammunition were fired from each handgun, 100 rounds being fired using each brand for a total of 1000 rounds fired per handgun. The quality of the markings was evaluated using a simple observation rubric. These results were compared to Vickers hardness values obtained from the ammunition primers and are discussed in light of ...


Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue ECT Team 2017 Construction Engineering & Management, Purdue University

Industrial-Grade Monitoring Solution: Hoistcam, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

Safety and productivity are top priorities for contractors and industrial operations. Improving either makes a company more profitable and competitive. Technology advancements that can do both are important for every company to consider. HoistCamTM industrial-grade video monitoring solutions can improve employees’ productivity and workplace safety in the construction industries. HoistCam also improves efficiency of operations and reduces job site accidents resulting in substantial cost savings to a contractor.

HoistCam™ is an integrated, wireless video system. The use of HoistCam eliminates blind lifts, blind spots and can share the live video with anyone, anywhere with solid security and easy control ...


Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Software For Extracting Deformation Gradient And Stress From Md Simulations: Simulations Using The Charmm Force Field, Mehrdad Negahban, Lili Zhang, Zesheng Zhang, John Jasa, Antoine Jérusalem

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Software was developed, and is provided under a general use license, to calculate continuum level deformation gradient and stress for any group of atoms in an MD simulation that uses the Charmm force fields. This software can also calculate the interaction stress applied by one group of atoms on any other group. To obtain deformation gradient and stress, the user needs to provide the selected group(s) of atoms in an atom group identification file, and provide the associated LAMMPS format files and force field parameter file. An example is included to demonstrate the use of the software.


Adsorption Of Salicylhydroxamic Acid On Selected Rare Earth Oxides And Carbonates, Greer Galt 2017 Montana Tech

Adsorption Of Salicylhydroxamic Acid On Selected Rare Earth Oxides And Carbonates, Greer Galt

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Adsorption behavior of the anionic collector salicylhydroxamic acid (SHA) on a selected group of rare earth oxides (REOs) and carbonates (RECs) was studied via experimental methods and modelling software. Synthetic oxide and carbonate powders of the rare earth elements cerium (Ce), praseodymium (Pr), europium (Eu), and terbium (Tb) were tested for this research. Studies were conducted at different pH levels to analyze the kinetics of collector adsorption onto the oxide and carbonate surfaces in attempts to optimize recovery parameters for commercial flotation processes using SHA. In addition, thermodynamic software StabCal was implemented to compare theoretical adsorption behavior of collectors SHA ...


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