Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Science and Materials Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,690 Full-Text Articles 1,943 Authors 459,568 Downloads 61 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Faceted Search

1,690 full-text articles. Page 1 of 36.

Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis length and time scale dependence of the operative plastic deformation mechanisms in Au is studied. Uniaxial compression tests were performed at various loading rates on FIB-milled Au micropillars and single-crystalline Au microspheres of diameter ranging from 0.8 to 6.0 µm to investigate the incipient and bulk plasticity events. Constant-load ambient-temperature creep tests were performed on the micropillars to study the time-dependent plasticity at very slow strain rates. Uniaxial compression tests were also performed on coated Au microspheres to study the effect of extrinsic constraint on the deformation mechanisms.

During uniaxial compression, both the Au micropillars ...


Application Of Web Published Virtual Instruments In Delivering Engineering Instructions And Performing Experimental Research, Shahnam Navaee 2016 Georgia Southern University

Application Of Web Published Virtual Instruments In Delivering Engineering Instructions And Performing Experimental Research, Shahnam Navaee

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

In this presentation the special utility of the LabVIEW Virtual Instruments published as HTML files is documented and discussed. The Virtual Instruments (LabVIEW programs) created using the software's web publishing tool can be used to complement the effectiveness of the classroom instructions and extend the reach of engineering researchers in more effectively conducting laboratory and field experimentation. The Virtual Instruments (VIs) created as web documents can be placed on a web-server and made available to users at remote locations. These files can enhance the collaborations and interactions among individuals at these stations. For example, the created VIs for a ...


Emotion Recognition Using Fuzzy Clustering Analysis, Tejal Udhan 2016 Georgia Southern University

Emotion Recognition Using Fuzzy Clustering Analysis, Tejal Udhan

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

This research project investigates using fuzzy clustering algorithms for emotion recognition. Emotion recognition has gained significant attention in recent years in applications such as artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, speech and voice recognition. The ability of a computer or machine to understand human emotion and respond to users in a more human way can lead to significant advances in conversational speech recognition systems, improved quality of life in persons with speech disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and even in voice response systems, such as Google Voice or Apple’s Siri. Experimental results in this area can inform discovery and innovation ...


Warning Systems Evaluation For Overhead Clearance Detection, Clayton Rogers 2016 Georgia Southern University

Warning Systems Evaluation For Overhead Clearance Detection, Clayton Rogers

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

The accurate detection of road vehicle heights is a need that arises in departments of transportation across the nation. Usually, this dimension is required to solve various transportation issues. In particular, numerous bridges in the state of Georgia have been affected by repetitive crashes of tall vehicles against their structural elements. As an example, a recent inspection report of the Houlihan Bridge over the Savannah River documents damages resulting from numerous hits by overheight vehicles. This case emphasizes the urgency of finding preventive measures. To address this issue, a number of solutions are investigated. The known methods of vehicle height ...


Autonomous Methods In The Application Of Simple Swarm Capabilities, Joseph Watt III 2016 Georgia Southern University

Autonomous Methods In The Application Of Simple Swarm Capabilities, Joseph Watt Iii

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

Swarm technology is a relatively new aspect to the drone industry. It involves multiple drones being able to communicate with each other and relay this back to the user. From this standpoint one operator can control all of them at once while only giving directions to one or more. This involves the use of different autonomous algorithms, similar to autopilot where programs fly the plane, that relay to one another on what adjustments to make or where to go. This idea is very useful in search and rescue operations where it might be too dangerous to insert a human. Also ...


Measuring Frequency Availability For Cognitive Radio Networks By Means Of Adaptive Threshold, Isaac Cushman 2016 Georgia Southern University

Measuring Frequency Availability For Cognitive Radio Networks By Means Of Adaptive Threshold, Isaac Cushman

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

Radio Frequency spectrums designated by the FCC broadcast almost all mediums of communication, in both licensed and unlicensed bands, within the United States. As technology rapidly grows however, the availability of open frequencies will quickly decrease. Our goal is to design and experimentally test a system that allows for secondary users to access frequency bands that are not currently being optimally used by the primary users and also determine the effects of mobility on the ability for a sensor to accurately find frequencies by determining an appropriate power level for communication. We set up experimental scenarios in order to test ...


Particle Boards Created From Modified Lignin, Robbie Kazen 2016 Georgia Southern University

Particle Boards Created From Modified Lignin, Robbie Kazen

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

My name is Robert Kazen, a student directed under Dr. Rafael Quirino currently working on the Lignin Modification project. The research project involves the isolation of lignin from black liquor, a byproduct produced by the paper pulping industry. Isolated chemically the lignin was then modified using two methods, (1) acrylation acid and (2) transesterification with tung oil modifications. The black liquor obtained was sent by the Arizona Chemical and Herty Advanced Materials Development Center. Currently the tung oil modification gives the most valuable product physically and its products will be mainly used for particle board creation and testing. The tung ...


Accelerated Insulation Recycling System (Airs), Debalina Ghosh 2016 Georgia Southern University

Accelerated Insulation Recycling System (Airs), Debalina Ghosh

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

Construction and demolition waste accounts for 52 % of the total landfilled space. While many advances in disassembly sequencing in buildings have been proposed to recycle concrete, steel, and tile associated with construction and demolition waste, the insulation contained within every building persists as a significant environmental challenge to recycle and reuse. Adding to this problem is the fact that when petroleum based foams are incinerated, it emits carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, isocyanine, acrylonitrile, and hydrogen cyanide in levels exceeding those allowed by the EPA, posing a significant threat to the environment and human health. Design for Disassembly (DfD) approach is ...


A Study On The Sustainable Machining Of Titanium Alloy, Abdulhameed Alaa Dawood 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Study On The Sustainable Machining Of Titanium Alloy, Abdulhameed Alaa Dawood

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Titanium and its alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) are widely used in aerospace industries because of their light weight, high specific strength, and corrosion resistance. This study conducted a comparative experimental analysis of the machinability of Ti-6Al-4V for conventional flood coolant machining and sustainable dry machining. The effect of cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut on machining performance has been evaluated for both conditions. The machining time and surface roughness were found to be lower in dry machining compared to flood coolant machining. The tool wear was found to be unpredictable, and no significant difference was observed for dry and coolant ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Dose Dependence Of Radiation Damage In Nano-Structured Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Composite, Qing Su, Lloyd Price, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Dose Dependence Of Radiation Damage In Nano-Structured Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Composite, Qing Su, Lloyd Price, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Through examination of radiation tolerance properties of amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe composite to averaged damage levels, from approximately 8 to 30 displacements per atom (dpa), we demonstrated that the Fe/SiOC interface and the Fe/amorphous FexSiyOz interface act as efficient defect sinks and promote the recombination of vacancies and interstitials. For thick Fe/SiOC multilayers, a clear Fe/SiOC interface remained and no irradiation-induced mixing was observed even after 32 dpa. For thin Fe/SiOC multilayers, an amorphous FexSiyOz intermixed layer was observed to form at ...


Integrated Solar Technologies With Outdoor Pedestrian Bridge Superstructure Decking, Richard K. Racz Mr., Richard Racz 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Integrated Solar Technologies With Outdoor Pedestrian Bridge Superstructure Decking, Richard K. Racz Mr., Richard Racz

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

Solar technology has been a major topic in sustainable design for many years. In the last five years, however, the solar technology industry has seen a rapid growth in installations and technological advances in cell design. Combined with a rapidly declining overall system cost, the idea of introducing solar technology into a wider range of applications is becoming a focus for engineers and scientists around the world. So many variables which alter solar energy production, such as the sun and surrounding environment, determine whether a solar design is beneficial. This thesis presents a bridge deck surface integrated with solar cells ...


Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes

Wojciech Budzianowski

This paper compares perspectives for low-carbon electricity production in two EU member states - Poland and Portugal until 2030. Electricity production capacities, carbon emissions of electricity production, and production cost of electricity (COE) of Poland and Portugal are analyzed. The dilemmas of investments into low-carbon electricity production technologies relying on: (i) renewable energy sources (RES), (ii) nuclear fuel, and (iii) fossil fuels integrated with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are discussed. Roadmap 2050 recommends about 40% decarbonization of electricity generation by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Based on electricity production mix forecast for 2030 carbon emissions of electricity are estimated at ...


Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Inżynieria Chemiczna Lab., Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

-


Turning An Organic Semiconductor Into A Low-Resistance Material By Ion Implantation, Beatrice Fraboni, Alessandra Scidà, Piero Cosseddu, Yongqiang Wang, Michael Nastasi, Silvia Milita, Annalisa Bonfiglio 2015 Università di Bologna

Turning An Organic Semiconductor Into A Low-Resistance Material By Ion Implantation, Beatrice Fraboni, Alessandra Scidà, Piero Cosseddu, Yongqiang Wang, Michael Nastasi, Silvia Milita, Annalisa Bonfiglio

NCESR Publications and Research

We report on the effects of low energy ion implantation on thin films of pentacene, carried out to investigate the efficacy of this process in the fabrication of organic electronic devices. Two different ions, Ne and N, have been implanted and compared, to assess the effects of different reactivity within the hydrocarbon matrix. Strong modification of the electrical conductivity, stable in time, is observed following ion implantation. This effect is significantly larger for N implants (up to six orders of magnitude), which are shown to introduce stable charged species within the hydrocarbon matrix, not only damage as is the case ...


Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, Vasileios Tzelepis 2015 University of New Orleans

Electromechanics Of An Ocean Current Turbine, Vasileios Tzelepis

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The development of a numeric simulation for predicting the performance of an Ocean Current Energy Conversion System is presented in this thesis along with a control system development using a PID controller for the achievement of specified rotational velocity set-points. In the beginning, this numeric model is implemented in MATLAB/Simulink® and it is used to predict the performance of a three phase squirrel single-cage type induction motor/generator in two different cases. The first case is a small 3 meter rotor diameter, 20 kW ocean current turbine with fixed pitch blades, and the second case a 20 meter, 720 ...


Modeling Of Photovoltaic Module Based On Two-Diode Model, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset 2015 Minia University

Modeling Of Photovoltaic Module Based On Two-Diode Model, Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Dr. Adel A. Elbaset

Abstract—Modeling of Photovoltaic (PV) system represents
very important goal for design and performance of PV system.
This paper presents a new method based on two-diode model to
estimate seven-parameter of PV module to describe I-V and P-V
characteristic curves at different solar radiations and
temperatures. Newton-Raphson method is used with the aid of
initial values of seven-parameter that are derived from basic
equations of two-diode model and manufacturing datasheet at
standard test conditions (STC) to compute accurate values of
these parameters. The proposed model is validated on two
different PV modules of multi-crystalline and thin-film. I-V and
P-V characteristics ...


Numerical Simulations Of Negative Flexural Responses (Hogging) In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Tetsuya Ishida, Alex Remennikov 2015 The University of Tokyo

Numerical Simulations Of Negative Flexural Responses (Hogging) In Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Tetsuya Ishida, Alex Remennikov

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


By the very nature of ballast, it interacts with concrete sleepers in a special way. Most train-track models do not consider its tensionless characteristics and cannot accurately predict dynamic responses of structural components in railway tracks. This study has taken into account its natural tensionless property in order to investigate reverse bending moment at the mid span of standard-gauge concrete sleepers, which causes some concerns in many countries. It has been reported that the excessive negative bending moment at the mid span results in associated flexural cracks and centre-bound problems in rail freight and heavy haul networks especially in North ...


Dynamic Properties Of Early-Age Micro- And Nano-Engineered Concrete For Compliant Railway Structures, Ratthaphong Meesit, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Paramita Mondal 2015 University of Birmingham, UK

Dynamic Properties Of Early-Age Micro- And Nano-Engineered Concrete For Compliant Railway Structures, Ratthaphong Meesit, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Paramita Mondal

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


Cementitious materials modified by micro- and nano-engineered crumb rubber particles are robust and resilient materials capable of mitigating large-strain and large-amplitude vibrations in a dynamic compliant structure such as in railway traffic environments under heavy freight or high speed rail operation. The improvement of fundamental dynamic properties encourages the applications of engineered concrete to railway and civil constructions. Such the improvement has significant potential to mitigate pressing issues in modern railway industry such as rail seat abrasion and impact damages in concrete sleepers, thermal expansion crack of track slabs, and so on. Also indirectly, the utilisation of crumb rubber will ...


Diagnostic Of Flexural Damage On Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers Using Dynamic Modal Responses, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Kaio Jara Faria 2015 Federal University of Paraná

Diagnostic Of Flexural Damage On Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers Using Dynamic Modal Responses, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Kaio Jara Faria

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Flexural damages in railway prestressed concrete sleepers are often hidden from visual inspections during track monitoring and maintenance activities. Often, small cracks can sometimes be generated due to aggressive dynamic actions. These cracks indicate a level of serviceability of the railway sleepers. Severe cracks can impair rail gauge stability due to large rail inclinations. This gauge instability can cause train derailments, especially in curves and transitions where lateral train force incurs coincide with unstable two point contacts between wheel and rail. An attempt to develop a non-destructive diagnostic tool for  structural health of prestressed concrete sleepers in railway tracks using ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress