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Effects Of Operating Conditions On Removal Of Trace-Amount Testosterone By Nitrocellulose Filter Membrane, Ying Liang 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Operating Conditions On Removal Of Trace-Amount Testosterone By Nitrocellulose Filter Membrane, Ying Liang

Environmental Engineering Theses and Graduate Student Research

Hormone can be removed by membrane filtration via membrane interception, sorption and diffusion. However, the effects of operating conditions of membrane filtration on hormone removal have not been evaluated systematically. In this study, the removal of testosterone by nitrocellulose membranes under different operating conditions (e.g., initial testosterone concentrations, sample volumes, flow rates and membrane pore sizes) was investigated. 14C-labeled testosterone was used as a tracer to determine the removal of testosterone in the filtration process, and a hydrodynamic model was used to determine dispersion coefficient (D) associated with the operating conditions and radius of hormone molecule. Results indicate ...


Uv Laser-Assisted Diamond Deposition, Mengxiao Wang 2014 University of Nebraska – Lincoln

Uv Laser-Assisted Diamond Deposition, Mengxiao Wang

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Diamond, due to its unique properties, has been studied for decades. Many diamond synthesis methods have been developed as well. As one of the synthesis methods, combustion flame chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is considered as the most flexible way. Combined with laser irradiation, laser-assisted combustion flame CVD can enhance the deposition process of diamond films. In this thesis work, efforts were made to explore the capability of a laser-assisted combustion flame CVD technique with krypton fluoride (KrF) excimer laser irradiation for improving diamond thin film quality and deposition rate. The research efforts mainly focus on following activities, including: 1) studying ...


Field Monitoring Of Rail Squats Using 3d Ultrasonic Mapping Technique, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Makoto Ishida 2014 University of Birmingham

Field Monitoring Of Rail Squats Using 3d Ultrasonic Mapping Technique, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Makoto Ishida

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Rail squats and studs are typically classified as the propagation of any cracks that have grown longitudinally through the subsurface. Some of the cracks could propagate to the bottom of rails transversely, which have branched from the initial longitudinal cracks with a depression of rail surface. The rail defects are commonly referred to as ‘squats’ when they were initiated from damage layer caused by rolling contact fatigue, and as ‘studs’ when they were associated with white etching layer caused by the transform from pearlitic steel due to friction heat generated by wheel sliding or excessive traction. Such above-mentioned rail defects ...


Synthesis, Fabrication And Characterization Of Magnetic And Dielectric Nanoparticles And Nanocomposite Films, Xiaohua Liu 2014 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Synthesis, Fabrication And Characterization Of Magnetic And Dielectric Nanoparticles And Nanocomposite Films, Xiaohua Liu

Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

Materials science is an interdisciplinary field investigating the structure-property relationship in solid-state materials scientifically and technologically. Nanoscience is concerned with the distinctive properties that matter exhibits when confined to physical dimensions on the order of 10-9 meters. At these length scales, behaviors of particles or elaborate structures are often governed by the rules of quantum mechanics in addition to the physical properties associated with the bulk material.

The work reported here seeks to employ nanocystals, binary nanocomposites and thin films of materials, to build versatile, functional systems and devices. With a focus on dielectric, ferroelectric, and magnetoelectric performance, a ...


Characterization Of Wide Band Gap Semiconductors And Multiferroic Materials, Bo Cai 2014 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Characterization Of Wide Band Gap Semiconductors And Multiferroic Materials, Bo Cai

Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

Structural, optical and electrical properties of zinc oxide (ZnO), aluminum nitride (AlN), and lutetium ferrite (LuFe2O4) have been investigated. Temperature dependent Hall Effect measurements were performed between 80 and 800 K for phosphorus (P) and arsenic (As) doped ZnO thin films grown on c-plane sapphire substrate by RF magnetron sputtering. These samples exhibited n-type conductivity throughout the temperature range with carrier concentration of 3.85 × 10 16 cm-3 and 3.65 × 10 17 cm-3 at room temperature for P-doped and As-doped ZnO films, respectively. The Arrhenius plots of free electron concentration of those doped samples showed ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Sensitizer Drug Photorelease Chemistry: Micro-Optic Method Applied To Singlet Oxygen Generation And Drug Delivery, Goutam Ghosh 2014 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Sensitizer Drug Photorelease Chemistry: Micro-Optic Method Applied To Singlet Oxygen Generation And Drug Delivery, Goutam Ghosh

Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

This thesis summarizes a new micro-optic method for singlet oxygen generation and sensitizer drug delivery, which include i) synthesis and evaluation of a first generation device for drug delivery from native and fluorinated silica probe tips, ii) synthesis of PEG conjugated sensitizers to study phototoxicity in ovarian cancer cells, and iii) synthesis and evaluation of tris-PEGylated chlorin conjugated fluorinated silica for its future integration into the device to use as a 2nd generation device. A first generation micro-optic device was developed that works by sparging O2 gas and light generating cytotoxic singlet oxygen that cleaves the covalently attached drug (sensitizer ...


The Effect Of Fixation Plate Length On Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation For The Repair Of In Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries, Abdulaziz J. Al-Kuwari 2014 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Fixation Plate Length On Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation For The Repair Of In Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries, Abdulaziz J. Al-Kuwari

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract:

The Effect of Fixation Plate Length on Spinal Instability Following Anterior Cervical Plate Fixation for the Repair of in Vitro Flexion-Distraction Injuries

Introduction: Anterior cervical decompression and fusion with a plate (ACDFP) is a commonly performed treatment following a traumatic injury to the subaxial cervical spine. The purpose of the presented work was to determine the biomechanical effect of plate length on cervical spine kinematic stability following ACDFP stabilization for a simulated traumatic injury.

Methods: Eleven fresh-frozen cadaveric C5-C6 and C6-C7 motion segments were examined in this study. To assess kinematics, flexibility testing was performed on each specimen using ...


Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the development of nanotechnology, piezoelectric nanostructures have attracted a surge of interests in research communities for the potential applications as transistors, sensors, actuators, resonators and energy harvesters in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) due to their high electromechanical coupling and unique features at the nano-scale. Piezoelectric nanomaterials have been characterized to possess size-dependent electromechanical coupling properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. Therefore it is of great importance to investigate the physical mechanisms of these distinct nano-scale structure features in order to fulfill the design and application of those piezoelectricity-based nanodevices.

Due to large surface to volume ratio and manifest strain ...


Micromechanics Modeling Of The Electrical Conductivity Of Carbon Nanotude (Cnt)- Polymer Nanocomposites, Chuang Feng 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Micromechanics Modeling Of The Electrical Conductivity Of Carbon Nanotude (Cnt)- Polymer Nanocomposites, Chuang Feng

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The addition of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in polymers to form conductive composites has been attracting great interest from research and industry communities due to their potential applications. Experiments and simulations have demonstrated that the addition of a very small amount of CNTs into polymers can significantly improve the electrical conductivity of the composites. Such significant improvement in the electrical conductivity is attributed to two conductivity mechanisms: nanoscale electron hopping and microscale conductive networks. Understanding and prediction of the overall electrical conductivity of the composites with the incorporation of the conductivity mechanisms that underpin the macroscopic electrical properties are essential for ...


Radiation-Induced Radicals In Polyurea-Crosslinked Silica Aerogel, Benjamin Michael Walters 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Radiation-Induced Radicals In Polyurea-Crosslinked Silica Aerogel, Benjamin Michael Walters

Masters Theses

Free radicals are atoms or molecules with an odd number of electrons in an outer shell. Since electrons typically occur in pairs, this leaves one electron that is unpaired. In seek of another electron to pair with, free radicals react with and steal electrons from neighboring molecules, which then become free radicals themselves. This can start a chain reaction, cascading into large scale damage.

Ionizing radiation can tear through molecules, just as bullets can tear through things that we see. If free radicals can be detected, and seen to increase in a material upon radiation exposure, this can indicate molecular ...


Analytical And Experimental Analysis Of Magnetorheological Elastomers, Sarah Trabia 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Analytical And Experimental Analysis Of Magnetorheological Elastomers, Sarah Trabia

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Many engineering applications ranging from robotic joints to shock and vibration mitigation can benefit by incorporating components with variable stiffness. In addition, variable stiffness structures can provide haptic feedback (the sense of touch) to the user. In this work, it is proposed to study Magnetorheological Elastomers (MRE), where iron particles within the elastomer compound develop a dipole interaction energy, to be used in a device for haptic feedback. A novel feature of this MRE device is to introduce a field-induced variable shear modulus bias via a permanent magnet and using a current input to the electromagnetic control coil to change ...


Surface Hardness Of Friction Stir Welded Aa6063 Pipe, Azman Ismail, Mokhtar Awang 2014 Universiti Kuala Lumpur

Surface Hardness Of Friction Stir Welded Aa6063 Pipe, Azman Ismail, Mokhtar Awang

AZMAN ISMAIL

The external surface hardness of friction stir welded aluminum alloy 6063 pipe joint was investigated in this paper. The 89mm of outside diameter pipe with 5mm of wall thickness was used as test pipe piece for this experiment on closed butt joint configuration by utilising Bridgeport 2216 CNC milling machine and orbital clamping unit specially designed to cater for this task and function. Several welded samples were produced on varying process parameters which were successfully joined by using a non-consumable tool with a flat shoulder and a cylindrical pin.


Surface Hardness Of Friction Stir Welded Aa6063 Pipe, Azman Ismail, Mokhtar Awang 2014 Universiti Kuala Lumpur

Surface Hardness Of Friction Stir Welded Aa6063 Pipe, Azman Ismail, Mokhtar Awang

Azman Ismail

The external surface hardness of friction stir welded aluminum alloy 6063 pipe joint was investigated in this paper. The 89mm of outside diameter pipe with 5mm of wall thickness was used as test pipe piece for this experiment on closed butt joint configuration by utilising Bridgeport 2216 CNC milling machine and orbital clamping unit specially designed to cater for this task and function. Several welded samples were produced on varying process parameters which were successfully joined by using a non-consumable tool with a flat shoulder and a cylindrical pin.


Some Analytic And Finite Element Solutions Of The Graphene Euler Beam, Dongming Wei 2014 University of New Orleans

Some Analytic And Finite Element Solutions Of The Graphene Euler Beam, Dongming Wei

Dongming Wei

No abstract provided.


Mechanistic Failure Criterion For Unidirectional And Random Fibre Polymer Composites, Jamaloddin Jamali 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Mechanistic Failure Criterion For Unidirectional And Random Fibre Polymer Composites, Jamaloddin Jamali

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Polymer composite design in energy absorbing components requires a failure criterion that can predict the energy involved in its fracture under different modes of loading. Present mixed mode criteria are mainly empirical or semi-empirical, and are only suitable for a small range of composite types.

The purpose of this study was to develop a mechanistic failure criterion that is applicable to a wide range of polymer composites. An energy based mechanistic failure criterion is proposed to characterize the toughness of unidirectional (UD) and randomly oriented short fibre composites (random fibre composites).

In UD and random composites, the criterion predicts the ...


Viscosity Dependence Of Faraday Wave Formation Thresholds, Lisa M. Slaughter 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Viscosity Dependence Of Faraday Wave Formation Thresholds, Lisa M. Slaughter

Symposium

This experiment uses an electromagnetic shaker to produce standing wave patterns on the surface of a vertically oscillating sample of silicon liquid. These surface waves, known as Faraday waves, form shapes such as squares, lines, and hexagons. They are known to be dependent upon the frequency and amplitude of the forcing as well as on the viscosity and depth of the liquid in the dish. At a depth of 4mm and for various silicon liquids having kinematic viscosities of 10, 20, and 38 cSt, we determined the acceleration at which patterns form for frequencies between 10 and 60 Hz. For ...


Lightweight Uav Launcher, Ben Miller, Christian Valoria, Corinne Warnock, Jake Coutlee 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Lightweight Uav Launcher, Ben Miller, Christian Valoria, Corinne Warnock, Jake Coutlee

Mechanical Engineering

This report discusses the design, construction, and testing of a lightweight, portable UAV launcher. There is a current need for a small team of soldiers to launch a US Marine Tier II UAV in a remote location without transport. Research was conducted into existing UAV launcher designs and the pros and cons of each were recorded. This research served as a basis for concept generation during the initial design development stage. It was required that the design weigh less than 110 lbs, occupy a smaller volume than 48" x 24" 18" in its collapsed state, be portable by a single ...


Modification Of A Draw Bar Type Arena Harrow To Three Point Mounted Type Harrow, Clayton Alan Brown 2014 California Polytechnic University

Modification Of A Draw Bar Type Arena Harrow To Three Point Mounted Type Harrow, Clayton Alan Brown

BioResource and Agricultural Engineering

This senior project will be the design, and construction of a three point hitch to be attached to a draw bar type spike tooth harrow. Currently used by the Cal Poly Rodeo Team to cultivate their arena before performances, and practices.

The attachment will allow the harrow to be pulled in both directions to create different types of soil affects.

Also the fabrications has a minimal budget so the majority of the materials will be scrap material already in position of the rodeo team or donated to the project.


Think Outside The Box: New Materials, Design Application, And Performance Of Railway Turnout Bearers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2014 RailCorp

Think Outside The Box: New Materials, Design Application, And Performance Of Railway Turnout Bearers, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Railway turnout systems are a main feature in railway tracks. There are two types of turnout support structures, which can be designed to be either a slab or a cluster of discrete bearers. The choice of turnout support system depends on asset management strategy of the rail operators or maintainers. This paper will focus on the discrete turnout bearer system where turnout alignments, settlement and deformation are comparatively more flexible and retrievable by routine ballast tamping. It embraces the consideration of new materials for use as a turnout bearer. Traditional bearer materials are timber, steel, and concrete. Recent developments have ...


Handloaded Rifle Ammunition: A Look Into The Assembly Process, Load Development Methods, And Its Comparison To Factory Ammunition, Jeffrey Dalton Snyder 2014 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Handloaded Rifle Ammunition: A Look Into The Assembly Process, Load Development Methods, And Its Comparison To Factory Ammunition, Jeffrey Dalton Snyder

Senior Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to educate the reader on the appeal of assembling firearm ammunition from its individual components, a process known as “handloading,” in comparison to factory assembled ammunition. This is accomplished by providing the reader with the benefits of handloading with an overview of the handloading process. Then, an example of a handload development method (Ladder Test) is discussed and performed. The results from the test are then analyzed and explained. Finally, the handloaded ammunition from the test is compared by function and price to factory ammunition from three different market segments.

The project portion of ...


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