Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nuclear Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1109 Full-Text Articles 1212 Authors 180310 Downloads 28 Institutions

All Articles in Nuclear Engineering

Faceted Search

1109 full-text articles. Page 1 of 21.

Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle McFall, Ali Buhamad 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle Mcfall, Ali Buhamad

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas For Food Applications, Michael V. Lauria, Russell S. Brayfield II, Ronald G. Johnson, Allen L. Garner 2016 Purdue University

Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasmas For Food Applications, Michael V. Lauria, Russell S. Brayfield Ii, Ronald G. Johnson, Allen L. Garner

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Successfully distributing shelf food requires treatment to eliminate microorganisms. Current chemical methods, such as chlorine wash, can alter food quality while only being effective for a limited time. Cold atmospheric pressure plasmas (CAPs) can eradicate the microorganisms responsible for food spoilage and foodborne illness. Optimizing CAP treatments requires understanding the reactive species generated and relating them to eradication efficiency. Recent studies have used optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to determine the species generated in a sealed package that would hold food. In this study,we supplement the OES results with optical absorption spectroscopy (OAS) using the same gases (helium, nitrogen, compressed ...


Temperature Dependent Surface Modification Of Tungsten Exposed To High-Flux Low-Energy Helium Ion Irradiation, Antony Q. Damico, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Gennady Miloshevsky, Ahmed Hassanein 2016 Purdue University

Temperature Dependent Surface Modification Of Tungsten Exposed To High-Flux Low-Energy Helium Ion Irradiation, Antony Q. Damico, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Gennady Miloshevsky, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is a great potential energy source that can provide a relatively safe and clean limitless supply of energy using hydrogen isotopes as fuel material. ITER (international thermonuclear experimental reactor) is the world first fusion reactor currently being built in France. Tungsten (W) is a prime candidate material as plasma facing component (PFC) due to its excellent mechanical properties, high melting point, and low erosion rate. However, W undergoes a severe surface morphology change when exposed to helium ion (He+) bombardment under fusion conditions. It forms nanoscopic fiber-form structures, i.e., fuzz on the surface. Fuzz is brittle and ...


Radiation Tailored Polymers For Detectors, Adhesive-Coatings And Other Industrial Uses, Anna M. Earley, Alex Bakken, Rusi P. Taleyarkhan 2016 Purdue University

Radiation Tailored Polymers For Detectors, Adhesive-Coatings And Other Industrial Uses, Anna M. Earley, Alex Bakken, Rusi P. Taleyarkhan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The ever growing importance of humans to depend on renewable resources has shifted the focus of consumers, producers, and even politicians to more sustainable answers. Furthermore, pressure on the oil and natural gas industry has elevated the status of biopolymers in this regard. Polylactic acid (PLA) is unique polymer that offers unique abilities for tailored property derivation; thereby, enabling one to replace many engineered polymers and provide a sustainable solution as a nontoxic renewable resource. As a bioplastic, the tailoring of PLA under various conditions is important to the application and integration into current industry uses. After irradiating high molecular ...


Tfit Modeling Of Wave Propagation For Flow Excursion, Brachston Grubbs, Krishna Chetty, Martin Bertodano 2016 Purdue University

Tfit Modeling Of Wave Propagation For Flow Excursion, Brachston Grubbs, Krishna Chetty, Martin Bertodano

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In the nuclear power industry, the Two-Fluid Model (TFM) is mainly used in the simulation of Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA). The Two-Fluid Model is a wave mechanics formulation that may also be used to analytically perform stability analysis, which requires numerous assumptions and simplifications. This project aimed to advance the TFIT-TFM simulations in the modeling of the flow excursion instability. By using the TFIT computational code, simulation results can be obtained without the need for assumptions and simplifications. In this project, a simulation was performed to verify the nonlinear wave propagation capability of TFIT. During the verification process, the ...


Fluence Dependent Surface Modification On Tungsten Coatings Using Low Energy Helium Ion Irradiation At Elevated Temperatures, Cheng Ji, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Valeryi Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein 2016 Purdue University

Fluence Dependent Surface Modification On Tungsten Coatings Using Low Energy Helium Ion Irradiation At Elevated Temperatures, Cheng Ji, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Valeryi Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is the most promising renewable energy source for the near future. It can provide a large amount of energy using a very small amount of fuel, as compared with that of the coal, oil, or nuclear fission. The chain reaction in nuclear fusion produces the energy and fuel, from hydrogen isotopes available in see water. Tungsten (W) is a leading candidate material for the plasma-facing component (PFC) in nuclear fusion reactors such as ITER (international thermonuclear experimental reactor), because of its high melting point, high yield strength, low erosion and low hydrogen isotope retention. Recent studies showed deeply ...


Modeling Of Ion/Target Interactions In Plasma Facing Components Of Fusion Reactor, Nicole Neto Godry Farias, Tatyana Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein 2016 Purdue University

Modeling Of Ion/Target Interactions In Plasma Facing Components Of Fusion Reactor, Nicole Neto Godry Farias, Tatyana Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is a promising source of clean energy that can be one of the key future suppliers of the world’s increasing power demand. One of today’s main challenges faced by scientists and engineers regarding nuclear reactors is to design plasma-facing components (PFCs) that can withstand extreme conditions of temperature, pressure, and ions/particles irradiation. Material evolution and damage of PFCs are strongly related to the bombardment and diffusion processes of ions resulting from fusion fuel, i.e., deuterium and tritium and reaction products, i.e., helium. However, work is still needed in order to understand fuel diffusion ...


Computer Modeling Of Graphene Field Effect Transistors, Drew M. Ryan, Robert S. Bean 2016 Purdue University

Computer Modeling Of Graphene Field Effect Transistors, Drew M. Ryan, Robert S. Bean

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Graphene has been the centerpiece of numerous research projects since its discovery in 2004, greatly due to its multitude of unique properties. Its variable conductivity, relative strength, and electron mobility make graphene a prime candidate for applications in the field of radiation detection. While work has been performed in the past on testing radiation detection using graphene using Graphene Field Effect Transistors (GFET), due to its limited size, fabricating GFETs can be tedious and costly. Therefore, a need arose for a way to test potential GFET designs without the cost and limitations of fabricating GFETs for each test iteration. Using ...


Actinium-225 Production Via Proton Irradiation Of Thorium-232, Justin Reed Griswold 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Actinium-225 Production Via Proton Irradiation Of Thorium-232, Justin Reed Griswold

Doctoral Dissertations

High energy proton spallation reactions on natural thorium metal targets have been utilized to produce multi mCi [milliCurie] quantities of Actinium-225. Theoretical cross sections for actinium and thorium isotopes as well as for a select number of the fission products produced in these reactions were generated by the Monte Carlo radiation transport code PHITS to simulate the experimental data obtained from sixteen irradiations of thorium metal targets with 25-210 µA [microampere] proton beams ranging in energies from 77 to 192 MeV. Irradiations were conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), while target dissolution and processing ...


Out From Darkness And Into The Light: The Role Of Transparency And Social Media In Government, Frances Nichols Bachstein 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Out From Darkness And Into The Light: The Role Of Transparency And Social Media In Government, Frances Nichols Bachstein

Doctoral Dissertations

Government agencies that protect secrecy often have a difficult time connecting to the public. Secretive, or perceived secretive government organizations often fall into the nebulous realm of uncertainty for the information consumer. This results in a great deal of misinformation and disinformation being thought of as correct. Since 2008, the US government is moving toward a more transparent, open, and easily accessed information base through social media. Agencies across the government are adopting types of social media communication. However, bureaus that primarily focus on security and safeguarding secrets struggle with how much disclose, which platforms of social media are the ...


A Generalized Method For Fissile Material Characterization Using Short-Lived Fission Product Gamma Spectroscopy, Justin Richard Knowles 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Generalized Method For Fissile Material Characterization Using Short-Lived Fission Product Gamma Spectroscopy, Justin Richard Knowles

Doctoral Dissertations

Characterizing the fissile content of nuclear materials is of particular interest to the safeguards and nuclear forensics communities. Short-lived fission product gamma spectroscopy offers a significant reduction in analysis time and detection limits when compared to traditional non-destructive assay measurements. Through this work, a fully generalizable method that can be applied to variations in fissile compositions and neutron spectra was developed for the modeling and measurement of short-lived fission product gamma-rays. This method uses a 238-group neutron flux that was characterized for two pneumatic tube positions in the High Flux Isotope Reactor using flux monitor irradiations. This flux spectrum was ...


Bayesian Framework For High Confidence Signal Validation For Online Monitoring Systems In Nuclear Power Plants, Anjali Muraleedharan Nair 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Bayesian Framework For High Confidence Signal Validation For Online Monitoring Systems In Nuclear Power Plants, Anjali Muraleedharan Nair

Masters Theses

Online Monitoring systems may offer an effective alternative to the current intrusive calibration assessment procedure used in the nuclear industry. Apart from optimizing the economic and human resource aspects of the currently utilized technique, OLM increases the opportunities for performance assessment and fault detection for nuclear instrumentation. This can lead to possibly extend or ultimately remove the current time based assessment process. Irrespective of its plausible benefits, OLM sees limited applicability in today’s US fleet. Regulatory constraints that limits the large scale implementation of OLM can be addressed by developing highly sensitive signal validation technique and thereby structurally quantify ...


Development Of A National Human Reliability Program (Hrp) Model For An Emerging Nuclear Country: Nigerian Case Study, Stephen Olumuyiwa Ariyo Dahunsi 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development Of A National Human Reliability Program (Hrp) Model For An Emerging Nuclear Country: Nigerian Case Study, Stephen Olumuyiwa Ariyo Dahunsi

Masters Theses

The current demand for electricity and concern of the climate change in emerging countries has led to the rise in the number of nations adopting nuclear technology options. Besides this, the global rise in terrorism and the existence of credible threats in Nigeria and other emerging countries embarking on nuclear program for peaceful application may pose a critical challenge in implementation of this technology. Furthermore, the dual threat issue of providing electricity, while inadvertently producing weapon and radiological material that could similarly undermine international security must be mitigated. In order to achieve the mitigation target, it is highly important to ...


Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau 2016 Boise State University

Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Thermoelectric half-Heusler compounds have potential to convert the heat wasted from industrial and transportation processes to useful electricity. Among the highest performing half-Heusler compounds are nano-structured bulk materials which have been arc-melted, pulverized into a nano-powder, and sintered by DC-hot press. High performing n- and p-type half-Heusler compounds with nominal composition of Hf0.25Zr0.75NiSn0.99Sb0.01 and Nb0.75Ti0.25FeSb, respectively, have been provided to us in both dense and powder form by our collaborators at the University of Houston. We consolidate these powders by SPS, refine these ...


Thin Film Alsb Carrier Transport Properties And Room Temperature Radiation Response, Erin Vaughan 2016 University of New Mexico

Thin Film Alsb Carrier Transport Properties And Room Temperature Radiation Response, Erin Vaughan

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Theoretical predictions for AlSb material properties have not been realized using bulk growth methods. This research was motivated by advances in molecular beam epitaxial (MBE) growth technology to produce high-quality thin-film AlSb for the purpose of evaluating transport properties and suitability for radiation detection. Simulations using MCNP5 were performed to benchmark an existing silicon surface barrier detector and to predict ideal AlSb detector behavior, with the finding that AlSb should have improved detection efficiency due to the larger atomic number of Sb compared with Si. GaSb diodes were fabricated by both homoepitaxial MBE and ion implantation methods in order to ...


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene

Doctoral Dissertations

International safeguards inspectors periodically perform examinations at sensitive nuclear facilities to verify that the facilities’ designs, layouts, and functions are identical to information declared to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Such design information verification (DIV) relies on tools and techniques—such as 3D laser range-finding (3DLR) with light detection and ranging (LIDAR) instruments—that are resource intensive. This research explores 3D Time-of-Flight (TOF) sensors as a possible alternative technology to LIDAR systems for performing spatial change-detection to enhance the DIV process.

This research uses the Microsoft Kinect Version 2 (Kinect v2) camera system, one of several commercial depth-sensing instruments ...


Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry

Doctoral Dissertations

Presented in this dissertation is the investigation and development of an adapted lattice physics-to-core simulator two-step procedure based on the SERPENT 2 and NESTLE neutronics codes for the rapid analysis of the Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR). AHTR specific characteristics, such as its longer neutron diffusion length and double heterogeneity of TRISO fuel particles, were taken into consideration when adapting the traditional Light Water Reactor (LWR) lattice to nodal diffusion procedure to AHTR applications. The coarse energy group structure was re-optimized from the traditional LWR 2-group structure to an alternative 4-group structures to address the AHTR specific flux spectrum and ...


Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard

Doctoral Dissertations

Unattended and remote monitoring systems for the early detection of gas centrifuge enrichment plant (GCEP) misuse have long been sought by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards inspectorate, but have yet to be realized for most GCEPs. The primary misuse of concern is high enriched uranium (HEU) production but additionally include excess low enriched uranium (LEU) production and material diversion.

The current research is a feasibility study that investigates a process monitoring approach combined with passive gamma spectroscopy techniques to monitor GCEPs. In the current research, a simulated reference cascade and monitoring system is used to demonstrate several techniques ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress