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1051 full-text articles. Page 1 of 19.

Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle McFall, Ali Buhamad 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle Mcfall, Ali Buhamad

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Control System Requirements For A Nuclear Thermal Propulsion System, Adam Hasse, Michael Smith, Bradley Pershke, Andrew Adams, Stephen Gilliam 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Control System Requirements For A Nuclear Thermal Propulsion System, Adam Hasse, Michael Smith, Bradley Pershke, Andrew Adams, Stephen GilliAm

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Using Ultrasonic Flowmeters In Integral Pwr Instrumentation, Jason T. Rizk, Shawn Tyler, Matthew Buttrey, Michael Cooper, Kendall Minor 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Using Ultrasonic Flowmeters In Integral Pwr Instrumentation, Jason T. Rizk, Shawn Tyler, Matthew Buttrey, Michael Cooper, Kendall Minor

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene

Doctoral Dissertations

International safeguards inspectors periodically perform examinations at sensitive nuclear facilities to verify that the facilities’ designs, layouts, and functions are identical to information declared to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Such design information verification (DIV) relies on tools and techniques—such as 3D laser range-finding (3DLR) with light detection and ranging (LIDAR) instruments—that are resource intensive. This research explores 3D Time-of-Flight (TOF) sensors as a possible alternative technology to LIDAR systems for performing spatial change-detection to enhance the DIV process.

This research uses the Microsoft Kinect Version 2 (Kinect v2) camera system, one of several commercial depth-sensing instruments ...


Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry

Doctoral Dissertations

Presented in this dissertation is the investigation and development of an adapted lattice physics-to-core simulator two-step procedure based on the SERPENT 2 and NESTLE neutronics codes for the rapid analysis of the Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR). AHTR specific characteristics, such as its longer neutron diffusion length and double heterogeneity of TRISO fuel particles, were taken into consideration when adapting the traditional Light Water Reactor (LWR) lattice to nodal diffusion procedure to AHTR applications. The coarse energy group structure was re-optimized from the traditional LWR 2-group structure to an alternative 4-group structures to address the AHTR specific flux spectrum and ...


Bayesian-Based Methods For Transitioning Between Prognostic Estimates To Leverage Available Data, Alan Y. Nam 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Bayesian-Based Methods For Transitioning Between Prognostic Estimates To Leverage Available Data, Alan Y. Nam

Doctoral Dissertations

The availability of failure data directly impacts the empirical prognostic models that can be built. In turn, these models impact the accuracy and uncertainty of remaining useful life (RUL) estimates of systems and components. While ideally a large amount of data of previous failure modes can be collected, the difficulty in obtaining such data can present a significant hurdle. To alleviate the constraints of limited data, Bayesian-based methods of transitioning between different prognostic models were developed. This updating scheme leverages existing data in order to create a unified estimate.

Two novel methods of transitioning are proposed to augment existing prognostic ...


Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard

Doctoral Dissertations

Unattended and remote monitoring systems for the early detection of gas centrifuge enrichment plant (GCEP) misuse have long been sought by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards inspectorate, but have yet to be realized for most GCEPs. The primary misuse of concern is high enriched uranium (HEU) production but additionally include excess low enriched uranium (LEU) production and material diversion.

The current research is a feasibility study that investigates a process monitoring approach combined with passive gamma spectroscopy techniques to monitor GCEPs. In the current research, a simulated reference cascade and monitoring system is used to demonstrate several techniques ...


Machine Learning And Neutron Sensing In Mobile Nuclear Threat Detection, John Edward Sparger 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Machine Learning And Neutron Sensing In Mobile Nuclear Threat Detection, John Edward Sparger

Doctoral Dissertations

A proof of concept (PoC) neutron/gamma-ray mobile threat detection system was constructed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This device, the Dual Detection Localization and Identification (DDLI) system, was designed to detect threat sources at standoff distance using neutron and gamma ray coded aperture imaging. A major research goal of the project was to understand the benefit of neutron sensing in the mobile threat search scenario. To this end, a series of mobile measurements were conducted with the completed DDLI PoC. These measurements indicated that high detection rates would be possible using neutron counting alone in a fully instrumented system ...


The Design Of A Fast Neutron Radiography System For Non-Destructive Analysis Of Thick, Dense Objects, Alicia Lauren Swift 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Design Of A Fast Neutron Radiography System For Non-Destructive Analysis Of Thick, Dense Objects, Alicia Lauren Swift

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the development of a novel time-of-flight (TOF) fast neutron radiography system, TiGReSSE ("Time Gating to Reject Scatter and Select Energy"), for non-destructive analysis of thick, dense objects, such as a spent nuclear fuel cask. Such objects create large scatter fields that mask interior flaws in an image, and are impenetrable with traditional x-ray or low-energy neutron radiography. By using a fast pulsed, high-energy monoenergetic neutron source with TiGReSSE, TOF methods may be employed to completely reject this problematic scatter. If using TOF methods with a fast pulsed, high-energy polyenergetic neutron source instead, partial scatter rejection is possible ...


Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps

Doctoral Dissertations

In the late 1970s PCI related failures caused the implementation of startup ramp restrictions. These ramp restrictions where intended to reduce the stresses caused by pellet cladding contact. These ramp restrictions had a significant impact on Westinghouse fueled PWRs, reducing PCI related failure until 2003. Through investigation into these fuel rod failures lead to the conclusion that missing pellet surfaces (MPS) were the root cause of the failures. MPS are local geometric defects in nuclear fuel pellets that result from pellet mishandling or the manufacturing process. The presence of MPS defects can cause stress concentrations in the clad of sufficient ...


Novel Integrated Solar-Nuclear Combined Cycle Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Patrick Mckdaniel, Matthew Robinson, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Charles Forsberg, Peter Vorobieff, Salvador Rodriguez, Cassiano de Oliveira 2016 University of New Mexico

Novel Integrated Solar-Nuclear Combined Cycle Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Patrick Mckdaniel, Matthew Robinson, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Charles Forsberg, Peter Vorobieff, Salvador Rodriguez, Cassiano De Oliveira

Nima Fathi

Rather than dumping the waste heat rejected by a nuclear power plant to a wet cooling tower, a better solution may be to connect it to a solar chimney power plant system (SCPPS). This is particularly true in arid regions. The SCPPS serves the function of a dry cooling tower but also produces additional electrical power. In a solar chimney power plant, the energy of buoyant hot air is converted to electrical energy. This solar power plant includes a collector at ground level, covered with a transparent roof that collects the solar radiation, heating the air inside and the ground ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Remote Sensing Of Neutron And Gamma Radiation Using Aerial Unmanned Autonomous System, Alex Barzilov, Jessica Hartman, Ivan Novikov 2016 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Remote Sensing Of Neutron And Gamma Radiation Using Aerial Unmanned Autonomous System, Alex Barzilov, Jessica Hartman, Ivan Novikov

Graduate & Professional Student Association Research Forum

With the continuing advancement of nuclear technologies, the detection and identification of radioactive material is a necessary part of commercial and government applications. There is a wide array of options available for detection and identification of material, but most rely on compact devices which are manually positioned. The deployment of robots equipped with detection equipment is not always feasible, especially in locations where there is considerable debris on the ground, or where there are low clearance areas. To solve this, the goal of this research was to design a remote sensing system for radiation using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). A ...


Magnetic Materials Characterization And Modeling For The Enhanced Design Of Magnetic Shielding Of Cryomodules In Particle Accelerators., Sanjay K. Sah 2016 Virginia Commonwealth University

Magnetic Materials Characterization And Modeling For The Enhanced Design Of Magnetic Shielding Of Cryomodules In Particle Accelerators., Sanjay K. Sah

Theses and Dissertations

Particle accelerators produce beams of high-energy particles, which are used for both fundamental and applied scientific research and are critical to the development of accelerator driven sub-critical reactor systems. An effective magnetic shield is very important to achieve higher quality factor (Qo) of the cryomodule of a particle accelerator. The allowed value of field inside the cavity due to all external fields (particularly the Earth’s magnetic field) is ~15 mG or less. The goal of this PhD dissertation is to comprehensively study the magnetic properties of commonly used magnetic shielding materials at both cryogenic and room temperatures. This knowledge ...


Evaluating Of Scale-Up Methodologies Of Gas-Solid Spouted Beds For Coating Triso Nuclear Fuel Particles Using Advanced Measurement Techniques, Neven Y. Ali 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Evaluating Of Scale-Up Methodologies Of Gas-Solid Spouted Beds For Coating Triso Nuclear Fuel Particles Using Advanced Measurement Techniques, Neven Y. Ali

Doctoral Dissertations

"The work focuses on implementing for the first time advanced non-invasive measurement techniques to evaluate the scale-up methodology of gas-solid spouted beds for hydrodynamics similarity that has been reported in the literature based on matching dimensionless groups and the new mechanistic scale up methodology that has been developed in our laboratory based on matching the radial profile of gas holdup since the gas dynamics dictate the hydrodynamics of the gas-solid spouted beds. These techniques are gamma-ray computed tomography (CT) to measure the cross-sectional distribution of the phases' holdups and their radial profiles along the bed height and radioactive particle tracking ...


Study Of Heat Transfer Phenomenon During Natural Convection, Muhammad Yousaf 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Study Of Heat Transfer Phenomenon During Natural Convection, Muhammad Yousaf

Doctoral Dissertations

"The purpose of the present study was to numerically investigate the effects of the roughness elements on the heat transfer during natural convection. A computational algorithm was developed based on the Lattice Boltzmann method to conduct numerical study in two-dimensional rectangular cavities and Rayleigh-Bénard cell. A single relaxation time Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook model of Lattice Boltzmann method was used to solve the coupled momentum and energy equations in two-dimensional lattices. Computational model was validated against previous benchmark solutions, and a good agreement was found to exist. A Newtonian fluid of Prandtl (Pr) number 1.0 was considered for this numerical study. The ...


Thermal Characterization Of Phase Change Materials For Thermal Energy Storage, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Thermal Characterization Of Phase Change Materials For Thermal Energy Storage, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed

Masters Theses

"The study provides a valuable and useful database for Phase Change Materials (PCMs) for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) applications. Only a few existing studies have provided an overall investigation of thermophysical properties of PCMs in this detailed manner. Several organic PCMs, namely Myristic acid, Capric Acid, Lauryl Alcohol, Palmitic acid and Lauric acid, have been characterized after being carefully selected to cover wide range of TES applications. Insights and information gained from this work will be applied toward the design and modelling of many low temperature thermal energy storage applications. The study experimentally investigated uncertainty of thermal characterization of PCMs ...


Thorium-Based Mixed Oxide Fuel In A Pressurized Water Reactor: A Feasibility Analysis With Mcnp, Lucas Powelson Tucker 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Thorium-Based Mixed Oxide Fuel In A Pressurized Water Reactor: A Feasibility Analysis With Mcnp, Lucas Powelson Tucker

Doctoral Dissertations

"This dissertation investigates techniques for spent fuel monitoring, and assesses the feasibility of using a thorium-based mixed oxide fuel in a conventional pressurized water reactor for plutonium disposition. Both non-paralyzing and paralyzing dead-time calculations were performed for the Portable Spectroscopic Fast Neutron Probe (N-Probe), which can be used for spent fuel interrogation. Also, a Canberra 3He neutron detector's dead-time was estimated using a combination of subcritical assembly measurements and MCNP simulations. Next, a multitude of fission products were identified as candidates for burnup and spent fuel analysis of irradiated mixed oxide fuel. The best isotopes for these applications ...


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