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Actinium-225 Production Via Different Irradiation Beams Of Thorium-232, Naser Burahmah 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Actinium-225 Production Via Different Irradiation Beams Of Thorium-232, Naser Burahmah

Nuclear Engineering Reports

No abstract provided.


Interdigital Capacitance Local Non-Destructive Examination Of Nuclear Power Plant Cable For Aging Management Programs, S. W. Glass, L. S. Fifield, Nicola Bowler, Aishwarya Sriraman, W. C. Palmer 2018 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Interdigital Capacitance Local Non-Destructive Examination Of Nuclear Power Plant Cable For Aging Management Programs, S. W. Glass, L. S. Fifield, Nicola Bowler, Aishwarya Sriraman, W. C. Palmer

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

This Pacific Northwest National Laboratory milestone report describes progress to date on the investigation of non-destructive test methods focusing on local cable insulation and jacket testing using an interdigital capacitance (IDC) approach. Earlier studies have assessed a number of non-destructive examination (NDE) methods for bulk, distributed, and local cable tests. A typical test strategy is to perform bulk assessments of the cable response using dielectric spectroscopy, Tan , or partial discharge followed by distributed tests like time domain reflectometry or frequency domain reflectometry to identify the most likely defect location followed by a local test that can include visual inspection, indenter ...


Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Hydrogen Diffusion And Retention Behavior Near Sub-Surface Defects In Tungsten: Towards Predicting Tritium Retention In The Iter Divertor, Emily Nicole Hutchins 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Hydrogen Diffusion And Retention Behavior Near Sub-Surface Defects In Tungsten: Towards Predicting Tritium Retention In The Iter Divertor, Emily Nicole Hutchins

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of hydrogen diffusion and retention behavior near subsurface defects in tungsten: Towards predicting tritium retention in the ITER divertor

Plasma-facing components within fusion reactors will be exposed to massive particle and thermal loads, which will pose serious material challenges. The plasma-facing component of interest in this project is the divertor, a device that allows for the online removal of the helium reaction product from the deuterium – tritium plasma. The ITER divertor will be constructed from tungsten, which is also a prime candidate for use in future demonstration fusion reactors, because of its superior mechanical properties and low ...


X-Means Clustering Implementing The Gap Statistic For Multiple Positron Emission Particle Tracking, Matthew Herald 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

X-Means Clustering Implementing The Gap Statistic For Multiple Positron Emission Particle Tracking, Matthew Herald

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The most efficient and accurate method for clustering Coincidence Lines (CL) for Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT) is undetermined. A number of methods have been created to perform this task. A novel clustering method featuring x-means is presented using an automated k-value estimator for k-means clustering. Gap statistic is used to select the best k-value. Geant4 Application for Tomographic Emission is used to simulate particles of 50 µCi and the detection and electronic chain associated with the Siemens Inveon Pre-Clinical Scanner. The simulation produces an array of coincident lines (CL) in a format consistent with scanner output. The CL are ...


Irradiation Experiment For Living Insect-Based Radiological Dispersal Device, Braden Goddard, Walid Metwally, Ahmad Ababneh 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Irradiation Experiment For Living Insect-Based Radiological Dispersal Device, Braden Goddard, Walid Metwally, Ahmad Ababneh

International Journal of Nuclear Security

People generally associate fear with “nuclear”, “radioactive” and “insects”. It is speculated that a release of radioactive living insects would instill more fear into the general public than a “traditional” style radiological dispersion device (RDD). This paper evaluates the potential threat of an insect-based RDD using experimental data. The results of this project found that insect-based RDDs are an insignificant threat due to the challenges in making insects radioactive enough to pose any danger to humans without killing the insects.


Scintillator-Based Uav, Austin Mullen, Chris Haseler, Sarah Davis, Brooke McMurrer, Tanner Jefferies, Peyton Lara 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Scintillator-Based Uav, Austin Mullen, Chris Haseler, Sarah Davis, Brooke Mcmurrer, Tanner Jefferies, Peyton Lara

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Design And Characterization Of Systems For Direct Spatial Imaging Of Low-Energy Gamma-Radiation Sources, Phoenix Baldez 2018 Doctoral Student, Nuclear Engineering

Design And Characterization Of Systems For Direct Spatial Imaging Of Low-Energy Gamma-Radiation Sources, Phoenix Baldez

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

This work describes the development of radiation detection systems to identify and image special nuclear material (SNM) using low energy gamma rays. The imaging of these materials is crucial for timely, in the field responses to potential threats to national security. Using a spectroscopy system, the sources can be identified while images can be produced concurrently for the sources which are present. Two systems were designed and characterized in this study, a collimated imager which used collimation in front of a small CdTe detector, and a pixelated pinhole imager, using a pinhole mask in front of a pixelated CZT detector ...


Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo 2018 Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nuclear energy’s distinctive characteristics give rise to special educational requirements. These requirements are necessary to not only address the danger of nuclear proliferation, but also to build capacity for a secure nuclear fuel circle. In this paper, I assess the status of educational capacity in nuclear security both in response to, and in support of, Kenya’s nuclear power program. I highlight the nuclear security educational infrastructure’s key features in the context of nuclear power, noting the low capacity at Kenyan universities. I identify the steps required to ensure that the country’s dynamic nuclear regulatory infrastructural framework ...


An Exploration Of The Optical Detection Of Ionizing Radiation Utilizing Modern Optics Technology, Sean D. Fournier, Adam Hecht, Cassiano de Oliveira, Jeffrey B. Martin, Richard K. Harrison, Charles Potter 2018 The University of New Mexico, Sandia National Laboratories

An Exploration Of The Optical Detection Of Ionizing Radiation Utilizing Modern Optics Technology, Sean D. Fournier, Adam Hecht, Cassiano De Oliveira, Jeffrey B. Martin, Richard K. Harrison, Charles Potter

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Modern ultraviolet (UV) cameras, when combined with UV-transmitting lenses/filter arrangements, can be used to detect radiation dose in air. Ionizing radiation excites nitrogen molecules in ambient air, the resulting decay includes weak emission of ultraviolet photons. Previous work has proven this phenomenon is detectable using highly-sensitive electronically cooled cameras traditionally used in astronomy for low-background imaging. While the ability to detect the presence of radiation (i.e. qualitative measurement) has been demonstrated at Sandia National Laboratories, there are several challenges in correlating images to known dose-fields (quantitative measurement). These challenges include: a low signal to background ratio, interferences due ...


Patient Specific Radiation Doses From Projection Radiography Images: Improving The Accuracy Of Low Dose Radiation Calculations, Daniel J. Sandoval 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Patient Specific Radiation Doses From Projection Radiography Images: Improving The Accuracy Of Low Dose Radiation Calculations, Daniel J. Sandoval

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Due to an increase in regulatory scrutiny and medical facility accreditation requirements to monitor patient radiation dose from diagnostic imaging procedures, there is a growing necessity to determine and record accurate patient radiation dose from diagnostic medical imaging procedures. Current methods of patient dosimetry in diagnostic imaging are both extremely difficult and time consuming, require large computing resources (such as Monte Carlo computations), or lack accuracy due to using data based on homogeneous materials and “standard-man sized” anthropomorphic models.

This dissertation provides an algorithm that calculates a more accurate dose using patient-specific projection radiographic images. The algorithm includes measurements acquired ...


Development Of A Novel Framework For The Application Of Signature Based Safeguards (Sbs) To Pyroprocessing, Philip Leo Lafreniere 2018 University of New Mexico

Development Of A Novel Framework For The Application Of Signature Based Safeguards (Sbs) To Pyroprocessing, Philip Leo Lafreniere

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

Traditional nuclear material accountancy (NMA) faces several challenges when applied to pyroprocessing facilities. To address these challenges, alternative methods of safeguarding nuclear material are being developed. One method is process monitoring (PM). PM involves taking operational process data and applying it to safeguards using an advanced framework. Signature Based Safeguards (SBS), a proposed PM framework, involves the identification of anomalous scenarios and the subsequent identification and detection of their respective PM signatures from a system of measurements. SBS has previously focused on failure modes that result in transfer of mass to unexpected places in the mass flowsheet. This work developed ...


The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska 2018 NEREC Research Fellow

The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska

International Journal of Nuclear Security

There is no doubt that the NPT regime is far from being equal for all states involved. As the predominant hegemonic power since WWII, the United States plays a major role in deciding the fates of non-great power proliferators. This article tries to find the logical explanation of the phenomenon whereby some nuclear proliferators are absolved regardless of their active accumulation of nuclear arsenals while others are labeled as “rogue states” and ordered to disarm. The article suggests that a particular proliferator’s political regime could affect the way in which its state is approached by the U.S., known ...


A Cfd Assisted Closed-Loop Control System Design For The 37-Element Canadian Scwr Under Full Load Condition, Huirui Han 2018 The University of Western Ontario

A Cfd Assisted Closed-Loop Control System Design For The 37-Element Canadian Scwr Under Full Load Condition, Huirui Han

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A method to design the closed-loop control system for the 37-element vertical Canadian supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR) fuel bundle has been proposed in this study. The dynamic models used in the controller design are obtained based on the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the SCWR fuel bundle. The Reynolds Stress Model is used in the CFD simulations. Comparisons of the supercritical water flow behaviors and heat transfer phenomenon in the single- rod channel and multi-rod channel are also carried out. The results show that there are secondary flows ...


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Coil Design With Improved Focality, Priyam Rastogi, E. G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles 2018 Iowa State University

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Coil Design With Improved Focality, Priyam Rastogi, E. G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles

Ravi L. Hadimani

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a technique for neuromodulation that can be used as a non-invasive therapy for various neurological disorders. In TMS, a time varying magnetic field generated from an electromagnetic coilplaced on the scalp is used to induce an electric field inside the brain. TMS coilgeometry plays an important role in determining the focality and depth of penetration of the induced electric field responsible for stimulation. Clinicians and basic scientists are interested in stimulating a localized area of the brain,while minimizing the stimulation of surrounding neural networks. In this paper, a novel coil has been proposed, namely ...


Experimental Evaluation Of Uranyl Transport Into Mesoporous Silica Gel Using Fluorescence, Brandon M. Dodd 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Experimental Evaluation Of Uranyl Transport Into Mesoporous Silica Gel Using Fluorescence, Brandon M. Dodd

Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated parameters that can affect the use of nanoporous silica gel as a media for accumulating a detectable amount of uranium. The unique fluorescence of the Uranyl (UO22+) ion was used to evaluate the transport kinetics and accumulation within silica gel in a static fluid and under pressure driven flow. The addition of fluid flow decreased the time constant from on the order of an hour to approximately 2s with a very low fluid velocity of 0.36cm/s. The 0.36cm/s fluid velocity was found to be the critical velocity above which there was ...


Fuel Burnup Simulation And Analysis Of The Missouri S&T Reactor, Joshua Hinkle Rhodes 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Fuel Burnup Simulation And Analysis Of The Missouri S&T Reactor, Joshua Hinkle Rhodes

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this work is to simulate the fuel burnup of the Missouri S&T Reactor. This work was accomplished using the Monte Carlo software MCNP. The primary core configurations of MSTR were modeled and the power history was used to determine the input parameters for the burnup simulation. These simulations were run to determine the burnup for each fuel element used in the core of MSTR.

With these simulations, the new predicted isotopic compositions were added into the model. New core configurations were determined, and the burnup corrected model was used to predict the excess reactivity and control ...


The Rhetoric Of Science Education And Technology, Iwasan D. Kejawa 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Rhetoric Of Science Education And Technology, Iwasan D. Kejawa

CSE Journal Articles

Nearly thousands of science experiments are performed both on humans and animals every year in the United States (Gregory, 1999). Does Science enormously play a role in the well-beings of individual in the society? Research has found that science education is through motivation and satisfying the needs of humans. The scientific world is part of an elongated human development. This can be substantiated with the use and evolution of TECHNOLOGY and SCIENCE (Minton, 2004). Education of the entities that comprise the need to achieve the goal of TECHNOLOGY and SCIENCE which are important issues of today. Research has shown that ...


Investigation Of The Hydrodynamics And Scale-Up Of Advanced Triso Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Thaar M. Aljuwaya 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Investigation Of The Hydrodynamics And Scale-Up Of Advanced Triso Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Thaar M. Aljuwaya

Doctoral Dissertations

"The successful performance and safety of the Very-High-Temperature Nuclear Reactors (VHTR) extremely depend on the quality of the TRISO nuclear fuel coated particles. However, the coating of the TRISO particles is delicate process and impacted by the hydrodynamics of spouted beds. Therefore, in this work, we applied advanced non-invasive measurement techniques which are gamma-ray computed tomography (CT) and radioactive particle tracking (RPT), to investigate foremost the local parameters to advance the fundamental understanding of the hydrodynamics and scale-up of gas-solid spouted beds. The CT technique has been applied to study the effects of particle density, particle size, bed size, and ...


Advancement In Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Advancement In Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed

Doctoral Dissertations

"The dissertation is intended to study the fundamental physical behavior of phase change materials (PCMs) and provide a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in their design and applications for thermal energy storage. Standard, predictive and thermodynamic models were presented to develop new PCM eutectic mixtures in a more scientific design approach. As new eutectic PCMs were developed, further research efforts were initiated to develop functionalized PCMs with enhanced thermal and physical properties to create the next generation of PCMs. Further efforts have been expanded to review several high-temperature PCM candidates with phase transition temperatures in the range ...


Development And Monte Carlo Validation Of A Finite Element Reactor Analysis Framework, Wayne J. Brewster 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Development And Monte Carlo Validation Of A Finite Element Reactor Analysis Framework, Wayne J. Brewster

Masters Theses

"This study presents the development and Monte Carlo validation of a continuous Galerkin finite element reactor analysis framework. In its current state, the framework acts as an interface between the mesh preparation software GMSH and the sparse linear solvers in MATLAB, for the discretization and approximation of 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D linear partial differential equations. Validity of the framework is assessed from the following two benchmarking activities: the 2-D IAEA PWR benchmark; and the 2-D Missouri Science and Technology Reactor benchmark proposed within this study. The 2-D IAEA PWR multi-group diffusion benchmark is conducted with the following discretization schemes: linear ...


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