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Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle McFall, Ali Buhamad 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle Mcfall, Ali Buhamad

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development Of A Reactor Physics Analysis Procedure For The Plank-Based And Liquid Salt-Cooled Advanced High Temperature Reactor, Cole Andrew Gentry

Doctoral Dissertations

Presented in this dissertation is the investigation and development of an adapted lattice physics-to-core simulator two-step procedure based on the SERPENT 2 and NESTLE neutronics codes for the rapid analysis of the Advanced High Temperature Reactor (AHTR). AHTR specific characteristics, such as its longer neutron diffusion length and double heterogeneity of TRISO fuel particles, were taken into consideration when adapting the traditional Light Water Reactor (LWR) lattice to nodal diffusion procedure to AHTR applications. The coarse energy group structure was re-optimized from the traditional LWR 2-group structure to an alternative 4-group structures to address the AHTR specific flux spectrum and ...


Bayesian-Based Methods For Transitioning Between Prognostic Estimates To Leverage Available Data, Alan Y. Nam 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Bayesian-Based Methods For Transitioning Between Prognostic Estimates To Leverage Available Data, Alan Y. Nam

Doctoral Dissertations

The availability of failure data directly impacts the empirical prognostic models that can be built. In turn, these models impact the accuracy and uncertainty of remaining useful life (RUL) estimates of systems and components. While ideally a large amount of data of previous failure modes can be collected, the difficulty in obtaining such data can present a significant hurdle. To alleviate the constraints of limited data, Bayesian-based methods of transitioning between different prognostic models were developed. This updating scheme leverages existing data in order to create a unified estimate.

Two novel methods of transitioning are proposed to augment existing prognostic ...


Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Adopting 3d Time-Of-Flight Sensing Technology For Design Information Verification In International Safeguards, Matthew Stephen Duchene

Doctoral Dissertations

International safeguards inspectors periodically perform examinations at sensitive nuclear facilities to verify that the facilities’ designs, layouts, and functions are identical to information declared to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Such design information verification (DIV) relies on tools and techniques—such as 3D laser range-finding (3DLR) with light detection and ranging (LIDAR) instruments—that are resource intensive. This research explores 3D Time-of-Flight (TOF) sensors as a possible alternative technology to LIDAR systems for performing spatial change-detection to enhance the DIV process.

This research uses the Microsoft Kinect Version 2 (Kinect v2) camera system, one of several commercial depth-sensing instruments ...


Machine Learning And Neutron Sensing In Mobile Nuclear Threat Detection, John Edward Sparger 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Machine Learning And Neutron Sensing In Mobile Nuclear Threat Detection, John Edward Sparger

Doctoral Dissertations

A proof of concept (PoC) neutron/gamma-ray mobile threat detection system was constructed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This device, the Dual Detection Localization and Identification (DDLI) system, was designed to detect threat sources at standoff distance using neutron and gamma ray coded aperture imaging. A major research goal of the project was to understand the benefit of neutron sensing in the mobile threat search scenario. To this end, a series of mobile measurements were conducted with the completed DDLI PoC. These measurements indicated that high detection rates would be possible using neutron counting alone in a fully instrumented system ...


Using Ultrasonic Flowmeters In Integral Pwr Instrumentation, Jason T. Rizk, Shawn Tyler, Matthew Buttrey, Michael Cooper, Kendall Minor 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Using Ultrasonic Flowmeters In Integral Pwr Instrumentation, Jason T. Rizk, Shawn Tyler, Matthew Buttrey, Michael Cooper, Kendall Minor

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Control System Requirements For A Nuclear Thermal Propulsion System, Adam Hasse, Michael Smith, Bradley Pershke, Andrew Adams, Stephen Gilliam 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Control System Requirements For A Nuclear Thermal Propulsion System, Adam Hasse, Michael Smith, Bradley Pershke, Andrew Adams, Stephen GilliAm

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Jet Flow Validation Of Positron Emission Particle Tracking Utilizing High Speed Video, Seth Thomas Langford 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Jet Flow Validation Of Positron Emission Particle Tracking Utilizing High Speed Video, Seth Thomas Langford

Masters Theses

Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT) generates 4D Lagrangian particle trajectories and is used to evaluate flow in granular media and complex geometries where optical interrogation methods are not possible. A Multi-Particle PEPT (Multi-PEPT) approach was developed by the University of Tennessee Thermal Fluids Group capable of finding and tracking many particles simultaneously to extend the utility of the PEPT method. This thesis compares 4,014 trajectories generated using the Multi-PEPT method with 3,055 trajectories generated from High Speed Video (HSV) data. All trajectories are acquired in an acrylic test section with water flow using resin beads. The flow geometry ...


Advancement Of Computational Nuclear Fuel And Safeguard Tools, Nathan Shoman 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Advancement Of Computational Nuclear Fuel And Safeguard Tools, Nathan Shoman

Masters Theses

This thesis work was conducted in two separate but related areas: reactor physics and nuclear fuel safeguards. Reactor physics calculations at the assembly level are important to understand the buildup of fission products and major actinides. These calculations can be used to determine the content of a spent fuel assembly prior to reprocessing or disposal at a much cheaper price. This thesis presents an extension to the SCALE (A Nuclear Systems Modeling & Simulations Suite) by developing a lattice model and cross-section library for the CANada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) 37 and 28 element assemblies. The previous cross-section library was based on ...


Cd Transport In Eutectic Licl-Kcl And Contamination Of Zr Metal And Thermal Dehydration Of Bulk Licl-Kcl, Nicholas Azoy Earle 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Cd Transport In Eutectic Licl-Kcl And Contamination Of Zr Metal And Thermal Dehydration Of Bulk Licl-Kcl, Nicholas Azoy Earle

Masters Theses

Researchers at Idaho National Labs have noted unexpectedly high Cd content in empty cladding hulls after processing in the Mark-IV ER. It has been theorized that Cd metal is transporting from the LCC pool through the eutectic LiCl-KCl salt bath to the anode baskets containing the empty hull where it is retained as a Zr-Cd intermetallic. This study sought to replicate the Cd contamination in a dry Ar glovebox using small-scale analogue of the Mark-IV ER salt-Cd metal system.

Anhydrous eutectic LiCl-KCl was an essential regent in this research and experiments were conducted to investigate the feasibility of dehydrating nominally ...


Thermal Characteristics Of Lithium Indium Diselenide And Lithium Indium Gallium Diselenide Neutron Detection Crystals, Dustin Carroll Giltnane 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Thermal Characteristics Of Lithium Indium Diselenide And Lithium Indium Gallium Diselenide Neutron Detection Crystals, Dustin Carroll Giltnane

Masters Theses

Tracking special nuclear materials (SNM) has never been more important than in the 21st century where information is transferred rapidly around the globe. Tracking SNM is important to nuclear power, weapons, medicine, and science. Neutron and gamma ray detection are the primary methods of detecting SNM. Increased movement and availability of SNM have increased the demand for radiation detection systems beyond the capacity of traditional neutron detection technologies (3He) [Helium three]. Many alternative neutron detection materials are being considered, including 6LiInSe2 [Lithium Indium Diselenide grown with lithium enriched in lithium six] and its derivative 6LiIn ...


Modeling And Experimental Investigation On The Influence Of Radiation Defects On Helium Behavior In Bcc Iron, Zuya Huang 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Modeling And Experimental Investigation On The Influence Of Radiation Defects On Helium Behavior In Bcc Iron, Zuya Huang

Masters Theses

Fe-based alloys are important structural materials for both fission and fusion energy. For fusion applications, the challenges of radiation-induced changes in microstructure, properties and performance is further challenged by the concomitant production of helium from (n, alpha) nuclear reactions and fusion reactions. Due to the lack of a volumetric, high flux 14-MeV neutron source, studying these phenomena require the use of computational materials modeling and novel experimental methods. In this thesis, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations was used to investigate the synergistic interactions of helium with prismatic dislocation loops characteristic of those observed in neutron irradiated iron to determine how the ...


Magnetron Sputtering And Corrosion Of Ti-Al-C And Cr-Al-C Coatings For Zr-Alloy Nuclear Fuel Cladding, Devin Alan Roberts 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Magnetron Sputtering And Corrosion Of Ti-Al-C And Cr-Al-C Coatings For Zr-Alloy Nuclear Fuel Cladding, Devin Alan Roberts

Masters Theses

The disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in March 2011 bought renewed focus to the issue of corrosion in nuclear fuel cladding applications. This thesis reports on the background behind these issues, the investigation strategy, and the analysis of experiments focused on mitigating oxidation of Zr-alloy fuel cladding. This thesis seeks to develop magnetron sputtered Ti-Al-C and Cr-Al-C coatings for Zr-alloy substrates and characterize the as-deposited and corroded samples.

Ti-Al-C and Cr-Al-C coatings were deposited onto ZIRLO, Si, and Al2O3 [Aluminum Oxide] substrates under various sputtering conditions. A combinatorial sputtering method was employed to refine ...


Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps

Doctoral Dissertations

In the late 1970s PCI related failures caused the implementation of startup ramp restrictions. These ramp restrictions where intended to reduce the stresses caused by pellet cladding contact. These ramp restrictions had a significant impact on Westinghouse fueled PWRs, reducing PCI related failure until 2003. Through investigation into these fuel rod failures lead to the conclusion that missing pellet surfaces (MPS) were the root cause of the failures. MPS are local geometric defects in nuclear fuel pellets that result from pellet mishandling or the manufacturing process. The presence of MPS defects can cause stress concentrations in the clad of sufficient ...


Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Process Attribute Monitoring Approach To Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant Safeguards, Adam Michael Shephard

Doctoral Dissertations

Unattended and remote monitoring systems for the early detection of gas centrifuge enrichment plant (GCEP) misuse have long been sought by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards inspectorate, but have yet to be realized for most GCEPs. The primary misuse of concern is high enriched uranium (HEU) production but additionally include excess low enriched uranium (LEU) production and material diversion.

The current research is a feasibility study that investigates a process monitoring approach combined with passive gamma spectroscopy techniques to monitor GCEPs. In the current research, a simulated reference cascade and monitoring system is used to demonstrate several techniques ...


The Design Of A Fast Neutron Radiography System For Non-Destructive Analysis Of Thick, Dense Objects, Alicia Lauren Swift 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Design Of A Fast Neutron Radiography System For Non-Destructive Analysis Of Thick, Dense Objects, Alicia Lauren Swift

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the development of a novel time-of-flight (TOF) fast neutron radiography system, TiGReSSE ("Time Gating to Reject Scatter and Select Energy"), for non-destructive analysis of thick, dense objects, such as a spent nuclear fuel cask. Such objects create large scatter fields that mask interior flaws in an image, and are impenetrable with traditional x-ray or low-energy neutron radiography. By using a fast pulsed, high-energy monoenergetic neutron source with TiGReSSE, TOF methods may be employed to completely reject this problematic scatter. If using TOF methods with a fast pulsed, high-energy polyenergetic neutron source instead, partial scatter rejection is possible ...


Multi-Signal Accelerated Degradation Testing Of Rolling Ball Bearings Through Radial Overload, Anna Marie Mazzolini 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Multi-Signal Accelerated Degradation Testing Of Rolling Ball Bearings Through Radial Overload, Anna Marie Mazzolini

Masters Theses

Bearings are essential components in rotating machinery found in abundance in nuclear power plants. Bearing failure in nuclear power plants can lead to increased operations and maintenance costs and even plant trips. When developing maintenance procedures, it is ideal to minimize costs and equipment downtime while maximizing safety. Reactive, or run-to-failure, maintenance minimizes maintenance costs at the expense of operation costs and safety. Preventative, or time-based, maintenance maximizes safety and minimizes operation costs at the expense of equipment downtime and maintenance costs. Predictive, or condition-based, maintenance attempts to optimize overall costs while maintaining system safety and reducing downtown.

Predictive maintenance ...


Novel Integrated Solar-Nuclear Combined Cycle Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Patrick Mckdaniel, Matthew Robinson, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Charles Forsberg, Peter Vorobieff, Salvador Rodriguez, Cassiano de Oliveira 2016 University of New Mexico

Novel Integrated Solar-Nuclear Combined Cycle Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Patrick Mckdaniel, Matthew Robinson, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Charles Forsberg, Peter Vorobieff, Salvador Rodriguez, Cassiano De Oliveira

Nima Fathi

Rather than dumping the waste heat rejected by a nuclear power plant to a wet cooling tower, a better solution may be to connect it to a solar chimney power plant system (SCPPS). This is particularly true in arid regions. The SCPPS serves the function of a dry cooling tower but also produces additional electrical power. In a solar chimney power plant, the energy of buoyant hot air is converted to electrical energy. This solar power plant includes a collector at ground level, covered with a transparent roof that collects the solar radiation, heating the air inside and the ground ...


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