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Comparison Of Pm-Hip To Cast Alloy 625 For Nuclear Applications, Alexander L. Bullens, Keyou Mao, Janelle P. Wharry, Esteban Bautista 2017 Purdue University

Comparison Of Pm-Hip To Cast Alloy 625 For Nuclear Applications, Alexander L. Bullens, Keyou Mao, Janelle P. Wharry, Esteban Bautista

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

PM-HIP, or Powder Metallurgy and Hot Isostatic Pressing, metals have been a low cost alternative to forged and cast structural metals within various industries. The nuclear industry has recently developed interest in PM-HIP alloys, but further research needs to be done to quantify their mechanical properties and characterize the microstructure. Specifically, we must understand the mechanical and microstructural evolution of PM-HIP materials after long-term operation at the elevated temperatures that PM-HIP components will experience in service. We focus on Ni-base alloy Inconel 625, and compare the PM-HIP version to the cast version. Our methodology consists of annealing samples to various ...


Verification Of Tfit Code Numerical Method For Flow Excursion Simulation, Patrick S. Foster, Subash Sharma, Martin L. Bertodano 2017 Purdue University

Verification Of Tfit Code Numerical Method For Flow Excursion Simulation, Patrick S. Foster, Subash Sharma, Martin L. Bertodano

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

This research is aimed towards accurately modeling and predicting the onset of the two-phase flow excursion instability using the code TFIT (Two Fluid Interfacial Temperature). In order to do this we first had to show that the numerical diffusion of the code’s finite difference equations could be reduced to an insignificant level by decreasing the mesh size.

Understanding and being able to accurately model flow excursion can help us understand how to prevent the potential negative effects of this instability. We are using a two-fluid model with physics-based closure relations. The results will be validated against the experimental data ...


Temporal Resolution Of Cell Death Signaling Events Induced By Cold Atmospheric Plasma And Electroporation In Human Cancer Cells, Danielle M. Krug, Prasoon K. Diwakar, Ahmed Hassanein 2017 Purdue University

Temporal Resolution Of Cell Death Signaling Events Induced By Cold Atmospheric Plasma And Electroporation In Human Cancer Cells, Danielle M. Krug, Prasoon K. Diwakar, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Cancer treatment resistance and their invasive and expensive nature is propelling research towards developing alternate approaches to eradicate cancer in patients. Non-thermal, i.e., cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) and electroporation (EP) applied to the surface of cancerous tissue are new methods that are minimally invasive, safe, and selective. These approaches, both independently and synergistically, have been shown to deplete cancer cell populations, but the signaling mechanisms of death and their timelines of action are still widely unknown. To better understand the timeframe of signaling events occurring upon treatment, human cancer cell lines were treated with CAP, EP, and combined CAP ...


Investigating Tantalum As A Plasma-Facing Component For Nuclear Fusion Reactors, Arvind Sundaram, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D. 2017 Purdue University

Investigating Tantalum As A Plasma-Facing Component For Nuclear Fusion Reactors, Arvind Sundaram, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is a potential source for producing unlimited environment-friendly energy. Tungsten (W) is selected as the primary candidate material for plasma facing component in nuclear fusion reactors due to its high melting temperature (3695 K), low sputtering erosion yield and strong mechanical properties. However, recent investigations on W have confirmed that it undergoes severe surface morphology changes during low energy He plasma and/or ion irradiation similar to a harsh fusion environment. Additionally, our previous studies indicate that tantalum (Ta) may show better resistance to the harsh radiation environment and is therefore worthy of investigation. Hydrogen retention properties, specifically ...


Irradiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution, Didier Ishimwe, Matthew J. Swenson, Janelle P. Wharry 2017 William Penn University

Irradiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution, Didier Ishimwe, Matthew J. Swenson, Janelle P. Wharry

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Oxide dispersion strengthened steel (ODS) and commercial ferritic-martensitic (F-M) alloys are widely accepted candidate structural materials for designing advanced nuclear reactors. Nanoclusters embedded in the steel matrix are key microstructural features of both alloy types. Irradiation from nuclear fusion and fission affects the morphology of these nanoparticles, altering the performance of the alloys and potentially decreasing their usable lifetime. Thus, it is important to understand the effect of irradiation on these nanoparticles in order to predict long-term nuclear reactor performance. It was found that the evolution of nanoclusters in each material is different depending on the experimental irradiation parameters. The ...


Numerical Simulations Of Transcritical Natural Convection, Ruiwen Wei, Carlo Scalo, Mario Tindaro Migliorino, Kukjin Kim, Jean-Pierre Hickey 2017 Purdue University

Numerical Simulations Of Transcritical Natural Convection, Ruiwen Wei, Carlo Scalo, Mario Tindaro Migliorino, Kukjin Kim, Jean-Pierre Hickey

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In modern engineering applications, system overheating is a key issue that needs to be solved with efficient and reliable cooling technologies. Among the possible mechanisms that these are based on, natural convection cooling is one of the most frequently employed, with applications ranging from cooling of computer micro-components to large nuclear reactors. While many studies have been performed on natural convection employing supercritical or subcritical fluids, little attention has been given to fluids in their transcritical regime. The latter has the potential to yield high performances while avoiding detrimental effects of two-phase systems (e.g. cavitation). In the present study ...


Electrical Characterization Of Irradiated Semiconducting Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide, George Glen Peterson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Electrical Characterization Of Irradiated Semiconducting Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide, George Glen Peterson

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide has been explored as a neutron voltaic for operation in radiation harsh environments, such as on deep space satellites/probes. A neutron voltaic device could also be used as a solid state neutron radiation detector to provide immediate alerts for radiation workers/students, as opposed to the passive dosimetry badges utilized today. Understanding how the irradiation environment effects the electrical properties of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide is important to predicting the stability of these devices in operation. p-n heterojunction diodes were formed from the synthesis of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide ...


An Analysis Of Gtrfw Initiation Using Finite Element Method, William Campbell, Jerry Chen 2017 Selected Works

An Analysis Of Gtrfw Initiation Using Finite Element Method, William Campbell, Jerry Chen

William Campbell

Understanding the Grid to rod fretting wear (GTRFW) initiation is critical for reducing the risk of fuel leak. In this paper, a simplified 3D FEA model is set up to analyze its mechanics. The initiation of GTRFW under a series of interferences was modeled and analyzed. It is found that slip and wear usually initiate from the edge of the grid to rod contact contour and eventually propagates to the entire contour. Due to the stress concentration, the contact at sharp corners should be avoided.  


Identification Of Key Drivers For Municipal Utility Performance, Jasmin Alsaied 2017 North Carolina State University

Identification Of Key Drivers For Municipal Utility Performance, Jasmin Alsaied

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This report explores the various performance indicators for municipal electric utilities and the greatest impact financial investments can make for improving these indicators. A literature search provided key detail about performing an analysis that would prove useful to utilities. The analysis identifies key performance indicators that allowed for the most prudent of investments. Data mining techniques and statistical analyses were performed on data sets concerning the 51 North Carolina municipal electric utilities to identify several key ratios and performance indicators that have the greatest impact on cost of service, system reliability, and customer satisfaction. Statistical analyses were used to determine ...


Thermal Kinetics Of Helium Irradiation Hardening In Selected Alloys For The Canadian Gen. Iv Nuclear Reactor Concept, Feifei Nie 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Thermal Kinetics Of Helium Irradiation Hardening In Selected Alloys For The Canadian Gen. Iv Nuclear Reactor Concept, Feifei Nie

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we present nano-indentation measurements performed to quantify the increase in hardness as a result of He+ and Fe4+ implantation in both Inconel 800H and AISI 310 alloys. After annealing, the softening rate of He+ and Fe4+ implanted samples were compared, and it is found that Ni can slow the helium diffusion. Thermal activation energy Q characterizing this process was similar to the computed thermal activation energy QHe for interstitial helium diffusion within pure nickel. Indentation hardness tests were also performed at various indentation strain rates, to further study the effect of implanted helium as ...


An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

An Exact Analysis For Four-Order Acousto-Optic Bragg Diffraction Which Incorporates Both Incident Light Angle And Sound Frequency Dependencies, Adeyinka Sunday Ademola

Electrical Engineering Theses

This thesis extends the prior work which produced an exact solution to the four-order acousto-optic (AO) Bragg cell with assumed fixed center frequency and with exact Bragg angle incident light. The extension predicts the model that incorporates the dependencies of both the input angle of light and the sound frequency. Specifically, a generalized 4th order linear differential equation (DE), is developed from a simultaneous analysis of four coupled AO system of DEs. Through standard methods, the characteristic roots, which requires solving a quartic equation, is produced. Subsequently, a derived system of homogeneous solutions, which absorbs the roots obtained using ...


Numerical Simulation Of Metallic Uranium Sintering, Bruce Berry 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Numerical Simulation Of Metallic Uranium Sintering, Bruce Berry

Theses and Dissertations

Conventional ceramic oxide nuclear fuels are limited in their thermal and life-cycle properties. The desire to operate at higher burnups as is required by current utility economics has proven a formidable challenge for oxide fuel designs. Metallic formulations have superior thermal performance but are plagued by volumetric swelling due to fission gas buildup. In this study, we consider a number of specific microstructure configurations that have been experimentally shown to exhibit considerable resistance to porosity loss. Specifically, a void sizing that is bimodally distributed was shown to resist early pore loss and could provide collection sites for fission gas buildup ...


Computer Simulation Of Pore Migration Due To Temperature Gradients In Nuclear Oxide Fuel, Ian Wayne Vance 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Computer Simulation Of Pore Migration Due To Temperature Gradients In Nuclear Oxide Fuel, Ian Wayne Vance

Theses and Dissertations

A phase-field simulation model is being presented that captures the thermal-gradient-driven migration of pores in oxide fuel associated with fuel restructuring. The model utilizes a Cahn-Hilliard equation supplemented with an advection term to describe the vapor transport of fuel material through the pore interior due to gradients in vapor pressure. In addition, the model also captures changes in a migrating pores’ morphology. Simulations demonstrate that the model successfully predicts pore migration towards the hottest portion of the fuel, the centerline. The simulations also demonstrate changes in pore shape that are in agreement with previous experimental observations. Initially isotropic pores are ...


Non-Destructive Assay Of Uranium Enrichment Facilities, Kathryn E. Bales, Weston Bogart, Tyler Camarena, Sarah Creasman, Eric W. Nelius 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Non-Destructive Assay Of Uranium Enrichment Facilities, Kathryn E. Bales, Weston Bogart, Tyler Camarena, Sarah Creasman, Eric W. Nelius

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Neutron Generator Driven Subcritical Fast Neutron Source Facility, Zachary Bingham, Duncan Brocklehurst, Will Cureton, Daniel Peffley, Colton Oldham, James Ghawaly 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Neutron Generator Driven Subcritical Fast Neutron Source Facility, Zachary Bingham, Duncan Brocklehurst, Will Cureton, Daniel Peffley, Colton Oldham, James Ghawaly

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Improved Sample Utilization In Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Isotope Ratio Measurements: Refined Development Of Porous Ion Emitters For Nuclear Forensic Applications, Matthew Louis Baruzzini 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improved Sample Utilization In Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Isotope Ratio Measurements: Refined Development Of Porous Ion Emitters For Nuclear Forensic Applications, Matthew Louis Baruzzini

Doctoral Dissertations

The precise and accurate determination of isotopic composition in nuclear forensic samples is vital for assessing origin, intended use and process history. Thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) is widely accepted as the gold standard for high performance isotopic measurements and has long served as the workhorse in the isotopic ratio determination of nuclear materials. Nuclear forensic and safeguard specialists have relied heavily on such methods for both routine and atypical efforts. Despite widespread use, TIMS methods for the assay of actinide systems continue to be hindered by poor ionization efficiency, often less than tenths of a percent; the majority of ...


Subcritical Facility Design, Kacie Breeding 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Subcritical Facility Design, Kacie Breeding

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Highly-Enriched Uranium Spectra Obtained With Lanthanum Bromide Scintillation Detection Systems, Danielle Lynn McFall 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Analysis Of Highly-Enriched Uranium Spectra Obtained With Lanthanum Bromide Scintillation Detection Systems, Danielle Lynn Mcfall

Masters Theses

Cerium-doped lanthanum bromide scintillation detection systems have recently been examined as an alternative to conventional detection systems, namely high-purity germanium, cadmium zinc telluride, and thallium-doped sodium iodide systems for various reasons including portability, sizing, and efficacy. As a non-destructive assay technique, these detectors quantify gamma rays from various samples to measure and identify specific radioisotopes. In nuclear facilities specializing in uranium, these detectors are mainly utilized to detect characteristic low-energy gamma rays of uranium-235, specifically, 143 keV, 163 keV, 186 keV, 202 keV and 205 keV gamma rays. Accurately distinguishing closely-spaced gamma rays in spectral data is a common challenge ...


Effects Of Grain Size And Dopants On The Irradiation Response Of Actinide Oxides, Jeffrey Morgan Walters 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Grain Size And Dopants On The Irradiation Response Of Actinide Oxides, Jeffrey Morgan Walters

Masters Theses

High energy irradiation can induce physical and chemical changes in nuclear materials, impacting their properties and performance in reactor systems. Of particular interest is the radiation response of actinide oxides, such as UO2 [Uranium Dioxide] and ThO2 [Thorium Dioxide], as well as analogue materials such as CeO2 [Cerium Dioxide]. During the course of reactor operations, these nuclear materials are exposed to high energy ionizing radiation in the form of nuclear fission fragments. This study simulates the extreme conditions found in a nuclear reactor by utilizing accelerated heavy ions with mass and kinetic energy comparable to fission fragments ...


Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Semiconducting Boron Carbide Thin Films, Michael Dylan Richardson 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Semiconducting Boron Carbide Thin Films, Michael Dylan Richardson

Masters Theses

A highly efficient, low-power, compact thermal neutron detection system with excellent gamma-ray discrimination is desired for a number of applications. 10B [boron- 10] has a large cross section for thermal values and a Q-value of 2.78 MeV. For this reason, investigations into boron carbide, boron nitride, and boron phosphide semiconductor neutron detectors are underway. Because boron carbide has the highest fraction of boron of the three, it holds the highest potential. With this in mind, a hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) system was designed and built in order to grow thin films of boron carbide onto n-type ...


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