Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nuclear Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,324 Full-Text Articles 1,649 Authors 250,985 Downloads 41 Institutions

All Articles in Nuclear Engineering

Faceted Search

1,324 full-text articles. Page 1 of 30.

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Hydrogen Diffusion And Retention Behavior Near Sub-Surface Defects In Tungsten: Towards Predicting Tritium Retention In The Iter Divertor, Emily Nicole Hutchins 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Hydrogen Diffusion And Retention Behavior Near Sub-Surface Defects In Tungsten: Towards Predicting Tritium Retention In The Iter Divertor, Emily Nicole Hutchins

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of hydrogen diffusion and retention behavior near subsurface defects in tungsten: Towards predicting tritium retention in the ITER divertor

Plasma-facing components within fusion reactors will be exposed to massive particle and thermal loads, which will pose serious material challenges. The plasma-facing component of interest in this project is the divertor, a device that allows for the online removal of the helium reaction product from the deuterium – tritium plasma. The ITER divertor will be constructed from tungsten, which is also a prime candidate for use in future demonstration fusion reactors, because of its superior mechanical properties and low ...


X-Means Clustering Implementing The Gap Statistic For Multiple Positron Emission Particle Tracking, Matthew Herald 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

X-Means Clustering Implementing The Gap Statistic For Multiple Positron Emission Particle Tracking, Matthew Herald

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The most efficient and accurate method for clustering Coincidence Lines (CL) for Positron Emission Particle Tracking (PEPT) is undetermined. A number of methods have been created to perform this task. A novel clustering method featuring x-means is presented using an automated k-value estimator for k-means clustering. Gap statistic is used to select the best k-value. Geant4 Application for Tomographic Emission is used to simulate particles of 50 µCi and the detection and electronic chain associated with the Siemens Inveon Pre-Clinical Scanner. The simulation produces an array of coincident lines (CL) in a format consistent with scanner output. The CL are ...


Irradiation Experiment For Living Insect-Based Radiological Dispersal Device, Braden Goddard, Walid Metwally, Ahmad Ababneh 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Irradiation Experiment For Living Insect-Based Radiological Dispersal Device, Braden Goddard, Walid Metwally, Ahmad Ababneh

International Journal of Nuclear Security

People generally associate fear with “nuclear”, “radioactive” and “insects”. It is speculated that a release of radioactive living insects would instill more fear into the general public than a “traditional” style radiological dispersion device (RDD). This paper evaluates the potential threat of an insect-based RDD using experimental data. The results of this project found that insect-based RDDs are an insignificant threat due to the challenges in making insects radioactive enough to pose any danger to humans without killing the insects.


Scintillator-Based Uav, Austin Mullen, Chris Haseler, Sarah Davis, Brooke McMurrer, Tanner Jefferies, Peyton Lara 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Scintillator-Based Uav, Austin Mullen, Chris Haseler, Sarah Davis, Brooke Mcmurrer, Tanner Jefferies, Peyton Lara

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo 2018 Department of Physics, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Developing Kenya’S Educational Capacity In Nuclear Security Through Nuclear Forensics Research, Hudson Kalambuka Angeyo

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nuclear energy’s distinctive characteristics give rise to special educational requirements. These requirements are necessary to not only address the danger of nuclear proliferation, but also to build capacity for a secure nuclear fuel circle. In this paper, I assess the status of educational capacity in nuclear security both in response to, and in support of, Kenya’s nuclear power program. I highlight the nuclear security educational infrastructure’s key features in the context of nuclear power, noting the low capacity at Kenyan universities. I identify the steps required to ensure that the country’s dynamic nuclear regulatory infrastructural framework ...


The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska 2018 NEREC Research Fellow

The "Double Standard" Of Nonproliferation: Regime Type And The U.S. Response To Nuclear Weapons Program, Alina Shymanska

International Journal of Nuclear Security

There is no doubt that the NPT regime is far from being equal for all states involved. As the predominant hegemonic power since WWII, the United States plays a major role in deciding the fates of non-great power proliferators. This article tries to find the logical explanation of the phenomenon whereby some nuclear proliferators are absolved regardless of their active accumulation of nuclear arsenals while others are labeled as “rogue states” and ordered to disarm. The article suggests that a particular proliferator’s political regime could affect the way in which its state is approached by the U.S., known ...


A Cfd Assisted Closed-Loop Control System Design For The 37-Element Canadian Scwr Under Full Load Condition, Huirui Han 2018 The University of Western Ontario

A Cfd Assisted Closed-Loop Control System Design For The 37-Element Canadian Scwr Under Full Load Condition, Huirui Han

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A method to design the closed-loop control system for the 37-element vertical Canadian supercritical water-cooled reactor (SCWR) fuel bundle has been proposed in this study. The dynamic models used in the controller design are obtained based on the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the SCWR fuel bundle. The Reynolds Stress Model is used in the CFD simulations. Comparisons of the supercritical water flow behaviors and heat transfer phenomenon in the single- rod channel and multi-rod channel are also carried out. The results show that there are secondary flows ...


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Coil Design With Improved Focality, Priyam Rastogi, E. G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles 2018 Iowa State University

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Coil Design With Improved Focality, Priyam Rastogi, E. G. Lee, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles

Ravi L. Hadimani

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a technique for neuromodulation that can be used as a non-invasive therapy for various neurological disorders. In TMS, a time varying magnetic field generated from an electromagnetic coilplaced on the scalp is used to induce an electric field inside the brain. TMS coilgeometry plays an important role in determining the focality and depth of penetration of the induced electric field responsible for stimulation. Clinicians and basic scientists are interested in stimulating a localized area of the brain,while minimizing the stimulation of surrounding neural networks. In this paper, a novel coil has been proposed, namely ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Experimental Evaluation Of Uranyl Transport Into Mesoporous Silica Gel Using Fluorescence, Brandon M. Dodd 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Experimental Evaluation Of Uranyl Transport Into Mesoporous Silica Gel Using Fluorescence, Brandon M. Dodd

Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated parameters that can affect the use of nanoporous silica gel as a media for accumulating a detectable amount of uranium. The unique fluorescence of the Uranyl (UO22+) ion was used to evaluate the transport kinetics and accumulation within silica gel in a static fluid and under pressure driven flow. The addition of fluid flow decreased the time constant from on the order of an hour to approximately 2s with a very low fluid velocity of 0.36cm/s. The 0.36cm/s fluid velocity was found to be the critical velocity above which there was ...


Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté 2017 Somos Environmental Protection Ltd.

Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The use of radioactive sources is expanding all over the world and abreast the necessity of the enhancement of its safe and secure application is increasing too. In the nuclear industry, the safety and security are top priorities since decades. They share the same goal, to protect humans from the negative affect of the ionizing radiation. The human component of them is a significant factor and technical solutions can protect us so far and thus the culture for safety and security become a major focus. On the other hand, there are still some contradiction between recommendations and international guidance of ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf 2017 Faculty of Sciences University Ibn Tofail

The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nowadays, a security regime for protecting nuclear and radiological material—providing an intelligent national regulatory institution and establishing national security laws—is necessary in order for a state to ensure security of nuclear and radiological materials used within its borders.

This paper focuses on discussing the opportunities and challenges facing the future of nuclear security after the creation of the new Moroccan Agency of Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security.


The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson 2017 Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust

The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Planning for the future of nuclear security is a vital and complex task, requiring cooperation and contribution from many disciplines and industries. This diversity of expertise should include the medical sector, which faces many of the same challenges as the nuclear industry: controlling access to dangerous material, creating a strong security culture, cooperating with the wider world and engaging the public.

Medical physicists, of which the author is one, oversee all aspects of small-scale radiation use. This paper discusses three key areas increasingly important to both medical and nuclear uses of radioactive materials: public engagement, prevention of nuclear and radiological ...


Improvements To Nestle: Cross Section Interpolation And N-Group Extension, William Matthews Kirkland 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Improvements To Nestle: Cross Section Interpolation And N-Group Extension, William Matthews Kirkland

Masters Theses

The NESTLE program is a few-group neutron diffusion reactor core simulator code utilizing the nodal expansion method (NEM). This thesis presents two improvements made to NESTLE regarding cross-section interpolation and multigroup capability.

To quickly and accurately obtain cross sections from lattice physics input data, a new cross section interpolation routine was developed utilizing multidimensional radial basis function interpolation, also known as thin plate spline interpolation. Testing showed that, for existing NESTLE lattice physics input, accuracy was retained but not improved and processing time was longer. However, the new interpolation routine was shown allow much greater exibility in the case matrix ...


The Development Of Cesium Calcium Bromo-Iodide Scintillator For X-Ray And Gamma Ray Detection, Matthew Starr Loyd 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Development Of Cesium Calcium Bromo-Iodide Scintillator For X-Ray And Gamma Ray Detection, Matthew Starr Loyd

Masters Theses

CsCaI3:Eu [cesium calcium iodide doped with europium] is a promising scintillator material that can be grown from the melt, but undergoes a tetragonal to orthorhombic phase transition upon cooling at 255 °C [degrees Celsius], causing twinning and cloudiness. The purpose of this work is to suppress this solid to solid phase transition in the CsCaI3:Eu scintillator, which has a light yield of ~40000 ph/Mev and energy resolution at 662keV of ~4%, by halide replacement to form the compound CsCaBrxI3-x:Eu [cesium calcium bromo-iodide doped with europium]. Crystals 8 cm3 [cubic centimeters ...


Nestle To Origami Coupling: A Nuclear Non-Proliferation Tool For Lwr Fuel Assembly Isotope Analysis, Margaret Alva Kurtts 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Nestle To Origami Coupling: A Nuclear Non-Proliferation Tool For Lwr Fuel Assembly Isotope Analysis, Margaret Alva Kurtts

Doctoral Dissertations

NESTLE to ORIGAMI coupling is a versatile nuclear modeling tool that allows researchers to directly observe the impact of operator induced changes on LWR assembly isotope production. The paper presents an experimental method by which to test the ability of an operator to manipulate the core neutron spectrum in order to produce higher quality plutonium for weapons use. The paper presents two plutonium production scenarios and evaluates their feasibility based on potential for detection and production capacity. Reactor modeling of a VVER-1000 uses NESTLE core simulation software. NESTLE outputs burnup and relative power information for all nodes in the core ...


Methodology For An Advanced Risk Assessment Of Crud Induced Power Shift Using Coupled Multi-Physics Simulations And A Monte Carlo Scenario Analysis Of The Potential Financial Benefits, Travis Louis Lange 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Methodology For An Advanced Risk Assessment Of Crud Induced Power Shift Using Coupled Multi-Physics Simulations And A Monte Carlo Scenario Analysis Of The Potential Financial Benefits, Travis Louis Lange

Doctoral Dissertations

Beginning in the 1970's, power uprates in nuclear power plants began to cause an operational problem called Crud Induced Power Shift (CIPS). Over decades, a method has been developed and refined that has allowed industry to effectively avoid CIPS. However, increasingly challenging economic environments have caused power plants to utilize more aggressive core designs. The problem of CIPS still looms over many reactors as a potential hazard requiring conservative measures. CIPS is due to complex physical and chemical interactions. Current industry methods use multiple single-physics simulations in their analyses. However, improved 3D multi-physics models of CIPS can provide a ...


Determining 235u Enrichment Using A Dual-Energy Approach For Delayed Neutron Measurements, Angela Lynn Lousteau 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Determining 235u Enrichment Using A Dual-Energy Approach For Delayed Neutron Measurements, Angela Lynn Lousteau

Doctoral Dissertations

Bulk uranium items are often measured using active neutron interrogation systems to take advantage of the relatively high penetrability of neutrons, providing the ability to quickly and accurately measure uranium masses in large, dense configurations. Active techniques employ an external neutron source to induce fission in the uranium and subsequently measure emitted prompt fission or delayed neutrons. Unfortunately, the emitted neutrons from 235U [uranium-235] and 238U [uranium-238] are, for all practical purposes, indistinguishable; therefore, commonly used systems such as the Active Well Coincidence Counter, the 252Cf [californium-252] Shuffler, and other systems based on measurement of prompt or ...


Determination Of Critical Experiment Correlations Via The Monte Carlo Sampling Technique, William Jay Marshall 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Determination Of Critical Experiment Correlations Via The Monte Carlo Sampling Technique, William Jay Marshall

Doctoral Dissertations

Critical benchmark experiments are the foundation of validation of the computational codes used in criticality safety analyses because they provide a basis for comparison between the calculated results and the physical world. These experiments are often performed in series varying a limited number of parameters to isolate the effect of the independent parameter. The use of common materials, geometries, machines, procedures, detectors, or other shared features can create correlations among the resulting experiments. Most validation techniques used in criticality safety practice do not treat these correlations explicitly, and the effect of this is unclear as the correlations themselves are not ...


Double Differential Neutron Yields Produced By Proton, Helium, And Iron Interactions In Thick Aluminum Targets, Natalie Ann McGirl 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Double Differential Neutron Yields Produced By Proton, Helium, And Iron Interactions In Thick Aluminum Targets, Natalie Ann Mcgirl

Doctoral Dissertations

Recent calculations of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) transport in enclosed, shielded space environments indicate that a minimum dose equivalent is achieved with aluminum shielding thicknesses near 20 g/cm2 [grams per centimeter squared]. Increases in the absorbed dose and dose equivalent with shielding thicknesses above 20 g/cm2 are believed to be caused by the production of light ions and neutrons in the thick shielding. However, uncertainties surround these calculations due to limited cross section and yield data for high-energy projectiles incident on thick targets. Thick-target neutron yields are particularly valuable measurements since they are produced over a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress