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Numerical Investigations Of The Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer And Construction Of Control System For The Canadian Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor Power Plant, Huirui Han 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Numerical Investigations Of The Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer And Construction Of Control System For The Canadian Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor Power Plant, Huirui Han

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Canada participated in the Generation IV nuclear reactors with the Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor (SCWR) concept. This work focuses on the numerical studies of the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the nuclear reactor fuel bundle, and the construction of the linear dynamic model and the design of the control system for the Canadian SCWR power plant.

Firstly, the fluid flow and heat transfer of the supercritical water in the vertical tube and the rod bundle is numerically investigated to evaluate whether the existing turbulent models could successfully caption the wall temperature variations at supercritical conditions by ...


Full Volume 13, Issue 1, Seyma Tufan 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Full Volume 13, Issue 1, Seyma Tufan

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Enabling Rapid Chemical Analysis Of Plutonium Alloys Via Machine Learning-Enhanced Atomic Spectroscopy Techniques, Ashwin P. Rao 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Enabling Rapid Chemical Analysis Of Plutonium Alloys Via Machine Learning-Enhanced Atomic Spectroscopy Techniques, Ashwin P. Rao

Theses and Dissertations

Analytical atomic spectroscopy methods have the potential to provide solutions for rapid, high fidelity chemical analysis of plutonium alloys. Implementing these methods with advanced analytical techniques can help reduce the chemical analysis time needed for plutonium pit production, directly enabling the 80 pit-per-year by 2030 manufacturing goal outlined in the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review. Two commercial, handheld elemental analyzers were validated for potential in situ analysis of Pu. A handheld XRF device was able to detect gallium in a Pu surrogate matrix with a detection limit of 0.002 wt% and a mean error of 8%. A handheld LIBS device ...


Development Of Metal Halide Perovskites For Radiation Detection, Ryan Tan 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Metal Halide Perovskites For Radiation Detection, Ryan Tan

Doctoral Dissertations

Metal halide perovskite (MHP) semiconductors have attracted significant interest in recent years within photovoltaic and radiation detection communities due to their inexpensive solution growths, high effective atomic number for gamma and X-ray sensing, suitable bandgap, large resistivity, and moderate mobility-lifetime products. The MHP stoichiometry can also be tuned as needed to achieve desired physical and electronic properties. Moreover, the hybrid or organometallic halide perovskite (OMHP) variants contain a large atomic fraction of hydrogen for fast neutron sensing. These qualities make MHPs an attractive low-cost option for meeting detector needs within nuclear security and imaging applications. This work presents the development ...


Modeling The Reactor Time-Dependent Delayed Particle Tail With Monte Carlo N-Particle (Mcnp) Version 6.2, Eli James Boland 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Modeling The Reactor Time-Dependent Delayed Particle Tail With Monte Carlo N-Particle (Mcnp) Version 6.2, Eli James Boland

Masters Theses

"Energy is deposited into experiment packages due to post-shutdown decay heat created from delayed particles. Modeling these delayed particles in a reactor assists researchers in quantifying the expected energy deposition sources to an experiment package before irradiation. This paper focuses on modeling the delayed particles in a reactor in MCNP6.2 by capturing a reactor as a source, converting this source capture to a source definition, applying appropriate physics such as activation and photonuclear interactions, and finally using proper tallies to create the expected delayed particle tail of a reactor.

To capture the source distribution, the FMESH capability within MCNP ...


Fire Simulation And Analysis Of A Switchgear Cabinet Fire And Its Effects On Cable Trays, Yalcin Meraki 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fire Simulation And Analysis Of A Switchgear Cabinet Fire And Its Effects On Cable Trays, Yalcin Meraki

Masters Theses

Switchgear rooms are crucial in containing essential equipment such as cabinets and cable trays in case of a possible fire. There are three fire model classes which are algebraic models, zone model, and computation fluid dynamics model (CFD). PyroSim software, a visual user interface for the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was used for simulation by using the CFD. Two different 464 kW and 1002 kW heat release rate (HRR) values were used under the same conditions for the fire scenario. By considering a fire scenario, the fire ignited due to ...


Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa 2022 Student

Computational Models To Detect Radiation In Urban Environments: An Application Of Signal Processing Techniques And Neural Networks To Radiation Data Analysis, Jose Nicolas Gachancipa

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Radioactive sources, such as uranium-235, are nuclides that emit ionizing radiation, and which can be used to build nuclear weapons. In public areas, the presence of a radioactive nuclide can present a risk to the population, and therefore, it is imperative that threats are identified by radiological search and response teams in a timely and effective manner. In urban environments, such as densely populated cities, radioactive sources may be more difficult to detect, since background radiation produced by surrounding objects and structures (e.g., buildings, cars) can hinder the effective detection of unnatural radioactive material. This article presents a computational ...


Joining Of Candidate Materials For Lead-Cooled Fast Reactors, Brandon M. Bohanon 2022 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Joining Of Candidate Materials For Lead-Cooled Fast Reactors, Brandon M. Bohanon

Nuclear Engineering ETDs

The lead-cooled fast reactor (LFR) is a fourth-generation reactor design characterized by high temperatures, neutron dosage, and highly corrosive and erosive environment due to high flow velocities. Therefore, materials testing must be performed to find structural and system components that withstand this harsh environment. These candidate alloys must have high-temperature creep strength, resistance to damage from fast-spectrum neutrons, and must grow protective oxide layers. FeCrAl alloys have been identified as possessing all these qualities, however, there are limitations due to erosion and the joining of these materials. In this work, mechanical and microstructural properties of base and conventionally joined FeCrAl-based ...


Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Safe Management Of Spent Nuclear Fuel, Robert L. Sindelar 2022 Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Safe Management Of Spent Nuclear Fuel, Robert L. Sindelar

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

The aim for storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) either in wet or in dry storage systems is to ensure general safety objectives are met throughout a desired storage period. Staff at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), in collaborations with partners at other national laboratories, industry research organizations, and the University of South Carolina (UofSC), have performed materials aging testing and analyses, and have established nuclear materials aging management programs to support extended periods of safe storage of research reactor (RR) SNF and of commercial power reactor (PR) SNF pending ultimate disposal. Several example challenges include susceptibility of aluminum ...


Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, Sarup Dhungana 2022 University of Mississippi

Nuclear Energy As A Reliable And Safe Source Of Power Generation, Sarup Dhungana

Honors Theses

There is a high demand of energy for generating civil applicable power in the world and in the USA, correspondingly. The world has been consuming various sources to extract the power to meet its demands. Most of the power sources include renewable and non-renewable sources like fossil fuels, natural gas, coal, water, solar, wind, and nuclear power. Although most of these sources have many advantages in terms of their capacity and cost of production, nuclear power can be categorized as the emerging driving force in the United States and in the world for power generation, because of its reliability and ...


A High Rate Pixelated Neutron Detector For Neutron Reflectometry At The Spallation Neutron Source, Su-Ann Chong 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A High Rate Pixelated Neutron Detector For Neutron Reflectometry At The Spallation Neutron Source, Su-Ann Chong

Doctoral Dissertations

This work presents the development of a high-rate 6Li-based pixelated neutron detector for neutron reflectometry instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The current detector technology falls short on the instrument requirements, particularly on the counting rate capability. This detector was designed specifically to overcome the limitation in counting rate by having a fully pixelated design from neutron conversion layer to photodetector and readout system. For the neutron converting layer, a 6Li-based neutron scintillator was used. Each scintillator element was coupled to a photodetector, in this case, a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM). The output of each SiPM ...


Tokamak 3d Heat Load Investigations Using An Integrated Simulation Framework, Thomas Looby 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tokamak 3d Heat Load Investigations Using An Integrated Simulation Framework, Thomas Looby

Doctoral Dissertations

Reactor class nuclear fusion tokamaks will be inherently complex. Thousands of interconnected systems that span orders of magnitude in physical scale must operate cohesively for the machine to function. Because these reactor class tokamaks are all in an early design stage, it is difficult to quantify exactly how each subsystem will act within the context of the greater systems. Therefore, to predict the engineering parameters necessary to design the machine, simulation frameworks that can model individual systems as well as the interfaced systems are necessary. This dissertation outlines a novel framework developed to couple otherwise disparate computational domains together into ...


Corrosion And Microstructural Characterization Of Molybdenum-Ysz Cermets Following Hydrogen Exposure Up To 2630 K, Taylor G. Duffin 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Corrosion And Microstructural Characterization Of Molybdenum-Ysz Cermets Following Hydrogen Exposure Up To 2630 K, Taylor G. Duffin

Doctoral Dissertations

Ceramic-metallic (cermet) fuels are a promising fuel type for outer space nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP). A key feasibility issue is the hydrogen chemical compatibility of candidate fuels in the proposed extreme operating temperatures for NTP systems (> 2500 K). In this study, molybdenum matrix cermets containing 40–70 vol% yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) particles (as a surrogate for ceramic fuel particles) were produced via spark plasma sintering (SPS) and exposed to flowing hydrogen at high temperature (2000–2630 K). Both steady state and thermally cycled (4 cycles with intermediate cooling to room temperature) conditions were examined for a constant total hot ...


Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engine Control Autonomy Via Embedded Decision, David Sikorski 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engine Control Autonomy Via Embedded Decision, David Sikorski

Doctoral Dissertations

This doctoral dissertation presents an investigation of embedded decision capabilities as a means for developing nuclear reactor autonomous control. Nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) is identified as a high priority technology for development, and is the focus of this research. First, a background investigation is presented on the state of the art in nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) engine control and modeling practices, resulting in the development of a low order NTR engine dynamic model based on the literature. The engine model was used to perform the following investigation, and is intended to serve as a research platform for the future development ...


Effects Of Plastic Deformation From Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing, Michael Pagan 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of Plastic Deformation From Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing, Michael Pagan

Doctoral Dissertations

Nuclear energy technology can be exponentially advanced using advanced manufacturing, which can drastically transform how materials, structures, and designs can be built. Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM) represents one of the four main additive manufacturing methods, although it is also the newest. As UAM technology and applications develop, a fundamental understanding of the bonding mechanism is crucial to fully realize its potential. Currently UAM bonding is considered to occur through breaking down surface asperities and removing surface oxides. Plastic deformation occurs although its role is currently unclear. This research analyzes material configurations in a variety of geometries, with similar and dissimilar ...


Viability Of Energy And Fuel Sources For Interstellar Travel; Design And Feasibility Of The Construction Of Manned Interstellar Space Shuttles, Lukas Mittelman 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Viability Of Energy And Fuel Sources For Interstellar Travel; Design And Feasibility Of The Construction Of Manned Interstellar Space Shuttles, Lukas Mittelman

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The importance of proving the viability of interstellar transport and addressing its potential hazards and pitfalls is immense. If we do not look toward the future and examine what could be waiting for us, we are doing our children, our children’s children, and so on, a disservice. Here we must attempt to lay the groundwork for our future scientists, engineers, and adventurers. Asking and answering questions like, which propulsion and energy systems must we incorporate to send us through the cosmos? Will we utilize technologies known today, such as fossil fuel rockets, fission or fusion rockets, and antimatter drives ...


Enigma - Ongoing Development Towards Novel Beta-Decay Spectroscopy Station At Isolde, Philipp Wagenknecht 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Enigma - Ongoing Development Towards Novel Beta-Decay Spectroscopy Station At Isolde, Philipp Wagenknecht

Masters Theses

Beta decay and collinear laser spectroscopy are proven efficient tools to study nuclear structure far from stability. Two areas of significance are investigations into nuclear deformation and shape coexistence, as well as delayed neutron emissions used in nuclear energy applications. This contribution presents the ongoing development towards a novel beta-decay spectroscopy station for the VITO experiment at CERN’s radioactive ion beam facility ISOLDE. The setup will utilize both collinear laser spectroscopy and beta-decay spectroscopy to measure the energy and spin-parities of the ground and excited states of radioactive beams. Initial designs of the support structure, magnetic field, and detector ...


Development Of Codoped Cesium Iodide Scintillators For Medical Imaging Applications, Everett M. Cavanaugh 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Codoped Cesium Iodide Scintillators For Medical Imaging Applications, Everett M. Cavanaugh

Masters Theses

Cesium iodide has a rich history of use as a scintillating material. CsI finds use in a variety of fields, but it is primarily used in radiography, tomography, and geological exploration. Of the three common variants of CsI, thallium doped CsI is by far the most widely used among these applications. It possesses favorable physical characteristics like a high density and high effective Z and exhibits high light output at room temperature. Despite how great CsI scintillators may be on paper, they have an Achilles heel: afterglow. CsI:Tl has significant afterglow which leads to imaging artifacts that can be ...


Validation Of Relap5-3d For Transient Simulation Of Lead-Lithium Systems For Fusion Applications, Nicholas Akira Meehan 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Validation Of Relap5-3d For Transient Simulation Of Lead-Lithium Systems For Fusion Applications, Nicholas Akira Meehan

Masters Theses

With increasing development in fusion technology including the construction and subsequently planned experimental campaign of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), validation must be performed for simulation tools used in the design, development, and licensing of future commercial fusion systems. This thesis contains several validation studies for transient simulation of lead-lithium eutectic (PbLi) systems using the RELAP5-3D code. This validation analysis is performed initially using models of systems without the influence of a magnetic field to inspect heat transfer and pressure drop phenomena. The validation study then uses models of systems under the influence of a magnetic field to inspect ...


Design And Evaluation Of A Unique Weighted-Sum-Based Anger Camera, Matthew W. Seals 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Evaluation Of A Unique Weighted-Sum-Based Anger Camera, Matthew W. Seals

Masters Theses

Anger camera imaging technology has become widely popular for neutron diffraction imaging due to recent shortages in Helium-3 (He-3). Research into neutron diffraction optimized Anger camera by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) detectors group has provided an alternative to He-3 Tube-based detectors with a high-resolution Anger camera. However, the cost of these high-resolution Anger camera technology can make it less attractive than He-3 tubes when a large Field of View (FOV) is desired. Currently, there is a need for a lower-cost alternative to this high-resolution anger camera. Further applications for Anger camera have become of interest with the advent ...


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