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Zno Thin Films Generated By Ex-Situ Thermal Oxidation Of Metallic Zn For Photovoltaic Applications, Kovas Zygas 2016 Macalester College

Zno Thin Films Generated By Ex-Situ Thermal Oxidation Of Metallic Zn For Photovoltaic Applications, Kovas Zygas

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

ZnO thin films that function as either transparent conducting oxides in solid-state photovoltaic cells or as nanocrystalline dye-absorbers in dye-sensitized solar cells have the potential to reduce the cost of producing electricity from solar energy. Although there exist many methods to produce ZnO thin films, the most economical and practical method may be oxidation of metallic Zn thin films. This research examined the utility of ex-situ thermal oxidation of DC magnetron sputtered Zn thin films in generating useful ZnO thin films for these photovoltaic applications. We annealed Zn thin films in air at 570° C in order to produce ZnO ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Electrospinning Of Polycaprolactone Core-Shell Nanofibers With Anti-Cancer Drug, Sakib Iqbal, Mujibur Khan, Saheem Absar, Andrew Diamanduros, Samuel Chambers 2016 Georgia Southern University

Electrospinning Of Polycaprolactone Core-Shell Nanofibers With Anti-Cancer Drug, Sakib Iqbal, Mujibur Khan, Saheem Absar, Andrew Diamanduros, Samuel Chambers

Mujibur R. Khan

Encapsulation of a model anti-cancer drug, 5-Fluorouracul (5-FU) into biocompatible core-shell nanofibers of polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers was fabricated using a coaxial electrospinning process. Our work aims to solve these issues using a novel method of fabrication of fibers featuring confinement of drugs within a biodegradable core-shell structure, thereby permitting sustained release of drugs to specific sites of treatment, such as tissues affected with tumor cells. The coaxial electrospinning was performed using a sheath polymer solution consisting of a 14 wt% PCL solution and a 5 wt% solution of 5-FU as the core solution. Dimethylformamide (DMF) was used as the solvent ...


Self-Aligned Double Pattern, No1, Yinong Cao 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Self-Aligned Double Pattern, No1, Yinong Cao

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Capillary Channel Flow (Ccf) Eu2-02 On The International Space Station (Iss): An Experimental Investigation Of Passive Bubble Separations In An Open Capillary Channel, Mark M. Weislogel, Andrew P. Wollman, Ryan M. Jenson, John T. Geile, John F. Tucker, Brentley M. Wiles, Andy L. Trattner, Claire DeVoe, Lauren M. Sharp, Peter J. Canfield, Joerg Klatte, Michael E. Dreyer 2016 Portland State University

Capillary Channel Flow (Ccf) Eu2-02 On The International Space Station (Iss): An Experimental Investigation Of Passive Bubble Separations In An Open Capillary Channel, Mark M. Weislogel, Andrew P. Wollman, Ryan M. Jenson, John T. Geile, John F. Tucker, Brentley M. Wiles, Andy L. Trattner, Claire Devoe, Lauren M. Sharp, Peter J. Canfield, Joerg Klatte, Michael E. Dreyer

Mark M. Weislogel

It would be signicantly easier to design fluid systems for spacecraft if the fluid phases behaved similarly to those on earth. In this research an open 15:8 degree wedge-sectioned channel is employed to separate bubbles from a two-phase flow in a microgravity environment. The bubbles appear to rise in the channel and coalesce with the free surface in much the same way as would bubbles in a terrestrial environment, only the combined effects of surface tension, wetting, and conduit geometry replace the role of buoyancy. The host liquid is drawn along the channel by a pump and noncondensible gas ...


Coercivity Enhancement And Gamma Phase Avoidance Of Alnico Alloys, Li Zhang 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Coercivity Enhancement And Gamma Phase Avoidance Of Alnico Alloys, Li Zhang

Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses

The promotion of social progress requires greater levels of energy efficiency, quality and productivity. However, these developments usually come at the cost of the environment. Green technologies such as electric vehicles, wind turbine and solar panels are ironically overshadowed by supply limitations and high prices of rare earth elements. Therefore, it is important to find alternative materials to replace those that contain critical elements. Alnico alloys show high magnetization, high Curie temperature (800°C) and good corrosion resistance, making it one of the best candidates to replace neodymium-based magnets used in electric vehicles.

In this thesis, methods controlling shape anisotropy ...


Manipulation Of Surface Plasmon Resonance In Metal And Alloy Thin Films Using Dielectric Mediamanipulation Of Surface Plasmon Resonance In Metal And Alloy Thin Films Using Dielectric Media, Benjamin DuBray Hall 2016 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

Manipulation Of Surface Plasmon Resonance In Metal And Alloy Thin Films Using Dielectric Mediamanipulation Of Surface Plasmon Resonance In Metal And Alloy Thin Films Using Dielectric Media, Benjamin Dubray Hall

Graduate Theses - Physics and Optical Engineering

Surface plasmon polaritons are coherent electron oscillations that propagate along an interface between a Drude metal and a dielectric medium. The excitation of polaritons is highly dependent on the dielectric properties of the metal, the thickness of the metal, and the optical properties of the dielectric material. First, plasmonic activity is assessed for several thicknesses of silver and nickel chromium under He-Ne incidence. Relationships between film thickness and metal dielectric function are explored in both cases. To manipulate the plasmonic activity at the silver surfaces, two methods are explored. Silver oxide was grown on the surface of the silver films ...


Graphene And Carbon Nanotube Pla Composite Feedstock Development For Fused Deposition Modeling, Austin Plymill, Robert Minneci, Duncan Alexander Greeley, Jack Gritton 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Graphene And Carbon Nanotube Pla Composite Feedstock Development For Fused Deposition Modeling, Austin Plymill, Robert Minneci, Duncan Alexander Greeley, Jack Gritton

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Materials Selection For Catalyst Supports, Connor G. Carr, Brianna L. Musicó, Andre Z. Shibata, Willie Kemp 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Materials Selection For Catalyst Supports, Connor G. Carr, Brianna L. Musicó, Andre Z. Shibata, Willie Kemp

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Measuring Relative Humidity In Concrete Pavements As A Method To Assess Asr Mitigation Measures, Remington G. Reed 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Measuring Relative Humidity In Concrete Pavements As A Method To Assess Asr Mitigation Measures, Remington G. Reed

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in concrete is partly facilitated by available moisture within the concrete. In order to better understand this facilitation and to develop processes for ASR mitigation methods, it is necessary to establish a means of monitoring internal relative humidity (RH) within the concrete. Current procedures for measuring RH are time consuming; requiring several hours of equilibration time and specific external conditions to yield accurate results. In order to better understand RH monitoring, laboratory tests were conducted using commercially available RH probes and different controlled environments. Probes were carefully monitored and calibrated in controlled environments, and laboratory tests on ...


Simulating Ut Measurements From Bolthole Cracks, Robert J. Grandin, Timothy A. Gray, Ronald A. Roberts 2016 Iowa State University

Simulating Ut Measurements From Bolthole Cracks, Robert J. Grandin, Timothy A. Gray, Ronald A. Roberts

Robert Grandin

Analytical computer models of UT measurements are becoming more prominent in evaluating NDEmethods – a process known as Model Assisted Probability of Detection, or MAPOD. As inspection requirements become more stringent, the respective models become more complex. An important application for aerospace structures involves inspection for cracks near boltholes in plate and layered structures. This paper describes a project to develop and validate analytical models for bolthole crackinspection, as well as to implement and demonstrate those models within an integrated graphical interface which can be used to simulate these inspections. The work involves a combination of approximate, paraxial, bulk-wave models as ...


Texture And Wettability Of Metallic Lotus Leaves, Christophe Frankiewicz, Daniel Attinger 2016 Iowa State University

Texture And Wettability Of Metallic Lotus Leaves, Christophe Frankiewicz, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

Superhydrophobic surfaces with the self-cleaning behavior of lotus leaves are sought for drag reduction and phase change heat transfer applications. These superrepellent surfaces have traditionally been fabricated by random or deterministic texturing of a hydrophobic material. Recently, superrepellent surfaces have also been made from hydrophilic materials, by deterministic texturing using photolithography, without low-surface energy coating. Here, we show that hydrophilic materials can also be made superrepellent to water by chemical texturing, a stochastic rather than deterministic process. These metallic surfaces are the first analog of lotus leaves, in terms of wettability, texture and repellency. A mechanistic model is also proposed ...


Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis length and time scale dependence of the operative plastic deformation mechanisms in Au is studied. Uniaxial compression tests were performed at various loading rates on FIB-milled Au micropillars and single-crystalline Au microspheres of diameter ranging from 0.8 to 6.0 µm to investigate the incipient and bulk plasticity events. Constant-load ambient-temperature creep tests were performed on the micropillars to study the time-dependent plasticity at very slow strain rates. Uniaxial compression tests were also performed on coated Au microspheres to study the effect of extrinsic constraint on the deformation mechanisms.

During uniaxial compression, both the Au micropillars ...


Measuring Frequency Availability For Cognitive Radio Networks By Means Of Adaptive Threshold, Isaac Cushman 2016 Georgia Southern University

Measuring Frequency Availability For Cognitive Radio Networks By Means Of Adaptive Threshold, Isaac Cushman

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

Radio Frequency spectrums designated by the FCC broadcast almost all mediums of communication, in both licensed and unlicensed bands, within the United States. As technology rapidly grows however, the availability of open frequencies will quickly decrease. Our goal is to design and experimentally test a system that allows for secondary users to access frequency bands that are not currently being optimally used by the primary users and also determine the effects of mobility on the ability for a sensor to accurately find frequencies by determining an appropriate power level for communication. We set up experimental scenarios in order to test ...


Autonomous Methods In The Application Of Simple Swarm Capabilities, Joseph Watt III 2016 Georgia Southern University

Autonomous Methods In The Application Of Simple Swarm Capabilities, Joseph Watt Iii

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

Swarm technology is a relatively new aspect to the drone industry. It involves multiple drones being able to communicate with each other and relay this back to the user. From this standpoint one operator can control all of them at once while only giving directions to one or more. This involves the use of different autonomous algorithms, similar to autopilot where programs fly the plane, that relay to one another on what adjustments to make or where to go. This idea is very useful in search and rescue operations where it might be too dangerous to insert a human. Also ...


Warning Systems Evaluation For Overhead Clearance Detection, Clayton Rogers 2016 Georgia Southern University

Warning Systems Evaluation For Overhead Clearance Detection, Clayton Rogers

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

The accurate detection of road vehicle heights is a need that arises in departments of transportation across the nation. Usually, this dimension is required to solve various transportation issues. In particular, numerous bridges in the state of Georgia have been affected by repetitive crashes of tall vehicles against their structural elements. As an example, a recent inspection report of the Houlihan Bridge over the Savannah River documents damages resulting from numerous hits by overheight vehicles. This case emphasizes the urgency of finding preventive measures. To address this issue, a number of solutions are investigated. The known methods of vehicle height ...


Application Of Web Published Virtual Instruments In Delivering Engineering Instructions And Performing Experimental Research, Shahnam Navaee 2016 Georgia Southern University

Application Of Web Published Virtual Instruments In Delivering Engineering Instructions And Performing Experimental Research, Shahnam Navaee

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

In this presentation the special utility of the LabVIEW Virtual Instruments published as HTML files is documented and discussed. The Virtual Instruments (LabVIEW programs) created using the software's web publishing tool can be used to complement the effectiveness of the classroom instructions and extend the reach of engineering researchers in more effectively conducting laboratory and field experimentation. The Virtual Instruments (VIs) created as web documents can be placed on a web-server and made available to users at remote locations. These files can enhance the collaborations and interactions among individuals at these stations. For example, the created VIs for a ...


Particle Boards Created From Modified Lignin, Robbie Kazen 2016 Georgia Southern University

Particle Boards Created From Modified Lignin, Robbie Kazen

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

My name is Robert Kazen, a student directed under Dr. Rafael Quirino currently working on the Lignin Modification project. The research project involves the isolation of lignin from black liquor, a byproduct produced by the paper pulping industry. Isolated chemically the lignin was then modified using two methods, (1) acrylation acid and (2) transesterification with tung oil modifications. The black liquor obtained was sent by the Arizona Chemical and Herty Advanced Materials Development Center. Currently the tung oil modification gives the most valuable product physically and its products will be mainly used for particle board creation and testing. The tung ...


Emotion Recognition Using Fuzzy Clustering Analysis, Tejal Udhan 2016 Georgia Southern University

Emotion Recognition Using Fuzzy Clustering Analysis, Tejal Udhan

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

This research project investigates using fuzzy clustering algorithms for emotion recognition. Emotion recognition has gained significant attention in recent years in applications such as artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, speech and voice recognition. The ability of a computer or machine to understand human emotion and respond to users in a more human way can lead to significant advances in conversational speech recognition systems, improved quality of life in persons with speech disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and even in voice response systems, such as Google Voice or Apple’s Siri. Experimental results in this area can inform discovery and innovation ...


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