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The Effect Of Green Biobased Binder On Structural, Mechanical, Liquid Absorption And Wetting Properties Of Coated Papers, Bilge N. Altay, Charles Klass, Ting Chen, Alexandar Fleck, Cem Aydemir, Arif Karademir, Paul D. Fleming 2021 Rochester Institute of Technology

The Effect Of Green Biobased Binder On Structural, Mechanical, Liquid Absorption And Wetting Properties Of Coated Papers, Bilge N. Altay, Charles Klass, Ting Chen, Alexandar Fleck, Cem Aydemir, Arif Karademir, Paul D. Fleming

Articles

Synthetic styrene-butadiene (SB) and styrene-acrylic (SA) latex binders used in paper coating formulations are common and based on unsustainable petroleum sources. Today's papermaking industry turns towards sustainable substitutes that do not compromise quality, and reduce carbon emission, toxic substance release and waste disposal concerns related to fossil fuel sources. In this study, colloidal starch-based latex nanoparticles that do not require cooking were used for pigment coating and coated on the paper surfaces. The effects of these new biobased binders on the structural and mechanical strength properties, liquid absorption, wetting and surface topography of the paper were investigated and compared ...


Simulation And Fabrication Of All Oxide-Based Ito/Tio2/Cuo/Au Heterostructure For Solar Cell Applications, Sajal Islam 2021 Missouri State University

Simulation And Fabrication Of All Oxide-Based Ito/Tio2/Cuo/Au Heterostructure For Solar Cell Applications, Sajal Islam

MSU Graduate Theses

Oxide heterostructures have drawn great attention lately, due to their environment-friendly properties and potential applications in optoelectronic devices. In this work, a simulation study of a heterojunction solar cell was performed with SCAPS (a solar cell simulator) using TiO2 as an n-type and CuO as a p-type layer. The thickness and the dopant-dependent simulations have shown that the solar cell operates at a maximum efficiency of 19.2% when the thickness of the TiO2/CuO layers is chosen 1.4µm/1.2µm compared to the 11.5% efficiency when FTO is replaced with ITO. An indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) vs ...


Bioabsorbable Metal Zinc Differentially Affects Mitochondria In Vascular Endothelial And Smooth Muscle Cells, Olivia R. M. Bagshaw, Fereshteh Moradi, Christopher S. Moffatt, Hillary A. Hettwer, Ping Liang, Jeremy Goldman, Jaroslaw Drelich, Jeffrey A. Stuart 2021 Brock University

Bioabsorbable Metal Zinc Differentially Affects Mitochondria In Vascular Endothelial And Smooth Muscle Cells, Olivia R. M. Bagshaw, Fereshteh Moradi, Christopher S. Moffatt, Hillary A. Hettwer, Ping Liang, Jeremy Goldman, Jaroslaw Drelich, Jeffrey A. Stuart

Michigan Tech Publications

Zinc is an essential trace element having various structural, catalytic and regulatory interactions with an estimated 3000 proteins. Zinc has drawn recent attention for its use, both as pure metal and alloyed, in arterial stents due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low corrosion rates. Previous studies have demonstrated that zinc metal implants prevent the development of neointimal hyperplasia, which is a common cause of restenosis following coronary intervention. This suppression appears to be smooth muscle cell-specific, as reendothelization of the neointima is not inhibited. To better understand the basis of zinc's differential effects on rat aortic smooth muscle (RASMC ...


Decarbonizing Rural Residential Buildings In Cold Climates: A Techno-Economic Analysis Of Heating Electrification, Filippo Padovani, Nelson Sommerfeldt, Francesca Longobardi, Joshua M. Pearce 2021 The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Decarbonizing Rural Residential Buildings In Cold Climates: A Techno-Economic Analysis Of Heating Electrification, Filippo Padovani, Nelson Sommerfeldt, Francesca Longobardi, Joshua M. Pearce

Michigan Tech Publications

Given the need for decarbonization of the heating sector and the acute need of a propane replacement in the U.S. Upper Midwest, this study quantifies the techno-economic characteristics of sustainable heating electrification in isolated rural, residential buildings in cold climates without natural gas supply. Archetypal buildings are modeled under four levels of electrification. At each electrification level, a parametric solar photovoltaic (PV) sizing analysis is performed and the total life cycle cost, renewable fraction and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are calculated based on the primary energy supply for each building type. Cost optimal solutions are stress-tested with multi-dimensional sensitivity ...


Development Of The Composition Of A Composite Material Based On Thermoreactive Binder Ed-20, Umida ZIYAMUKHAMEDOVA, Gavhar MIRADULLAYEVA, Erkin RAKHMATOV, Jasur NAFASOV, Mavtuna INOGAMOVA 2021 Tashkent State Transport University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Development Of The Composition Of A Composite Material Based On Thermoreactive Binder Ed-20, Umida Ziyamukhamedova, Gavhar Miradullayeva, Erkin Rakhmatov, Jasur Nafasov, Mavtuna Inogamova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study is to determine the effect of the type of structural modifier and filler on the structure formation and technological properties of potting composite polymeric materials (HCPM) and protective coatings for sheet and complex-configuration technological equipment, taking into account their rheological properties. Compositions of composite polymer materials based on a thermosetting binder of epoxy-diane resin ED-20 filled with a mineral filler - kaolin modified with gassipol resin (GS) - were developed using Newton's interpolation formula and the Lagrange method. The optimal amount of gossypol resin determined in the composition of the composite – in the amount of 6-10 ...


Effect Of Talc On The Properties Of A Compound Based On Ethylene-Propylene Copolymer, Ikromjon USMANOV, Farrukh KURBANBEKOV, Bobir AYKHODJAEV, Ravshan ADILOV 2021 LLC JV “UZAUTO-CEPLA”, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Effect Of Talc On The Properties Of A Compound Based On Ethylene-Propylene Copolymer, Ikromjon Usmanov, Farrukh Kurbanbekov, Bobir Aykhodjaev, Ravshan Adilov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research is to study the possibility of replacing Korean-made talc with inexpensive talc from an Afghan deposit, processed in Uzbekistan and used for the production of polypropylene compounds. In the future, these compounds are used for the manufacture of plastic car parts. A block copolymer produced by Uz Kor Gaz Chemical was chosen as a binder. For this, the influence of the content and type of talc on the properties of a compound based on an ethylene-propylene copolymer was studied.

The properties of the obtained compounds checked using ISO standards. The fractional composition of the studied ...


Physical And Chemical Studies Of Overroof Rocks Of Clay Shales Of The Dzherdanak Deposit, Mastura ARIPOVA, Ivan LEVITSKIY, Khabiba KHAMIDOVA, Odelbek AMMANOV 2021 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Physical And Chemical Studies Of Overroof Rocks Of Clay Shales Of The Dzherdanak Deposit, Mastura Aripova, Ivan Levitskiy, Khabiba Khamidova, Odelbek Ammanov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The purpose of this study is study of the physical and chemical properties of the overburden of the Dzherdanak deposit. The chemical and mineralogical composition of the overburden of the Djerdanak deposit has been studied by the methods of X-ray and thermography, electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy. The main phases are quartz, kaolinite and muscovite. The study of the fine structure of the rock under an electron microscope showed the homogeneity of the rock with pronounced uniform inclusions, which is preserved even after firing. Changes in the rock after firing at 1050 °C have been determined. The formation of mullite ...


On The Possibility Of Obtaining Effective Phosphoric Fertilizers As A Result Of Interaction Of Phosphorite-Containing Waste With Activated Glauconite Sands, Nargisa TAKHIROVA, Fazlidin KHUDOYBERDIEV, Shahlo DAMINOVA 2021 Navoi State Mining Institute, Navoi, Uzbekistan

On The Possibility Of Obtaining Effective Phosphoric Fertilizers As A Result Of Interaction Of Phosphorite-Containing Waste With Activated Glauconite Sands, Nargisa Takhirova, Fazlidin Khudoyberdiev, Shahlo Daminova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

These studies are devoted to the study of the chemical properties obtained as a result of chemical activation of glauconite and further neutralization of activated glauconite by waste products of phosphorite concentrates. Based on the results of X-ray structural studies of the obtained products, it is possible to obtain granular complex fertilizers after adding phosphorites to the system. Activation with mineral acids (nitric or sulfuric) should be carried out to accelerate the transformation of minerals from glauconite sands into an easily digestible form. Since the obtained compounds form an acidic environment, it is necessary to neutralize them. The neutralization process ...


Study Of Sorption Of Rhenium Ions On Solid Extragents, Otabek PARDAEV, Dildora Ilkhomjonkizi Khakimboeva, Shahlo Daminova, Ulugbek Sharafutdinov, ShARIPOV Khasan Turabovich 2021 1National University of Uzbekistan,Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Study Of Sorption Of Rhenium Ions On Solid Extragents, Otabek Pardaev, Dildora Ilkhomjonkizi Khakimboeva, Shahlo Daminova, Ulugbek Sharafutdinov, Sharipov Khasan Turabovich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

In this work, the aim is to study the possibility of extracting rhenium from sulfuric acid solutions by sorption of impregnated sorbents based on polystyrene-divinylbenzene (MN202) and an organic reagent MAB (2-amino-1-methylbenzimidazole).New sorbent based on MN202 (Purolite) impregnated with organic reagents have been obtained and investigated. The sorbent characteristics determined using SEM, XRD and FTIR methods. The optimal conditions for the sorption of rhenium (VII) ions for the "element-sorbent" systems have been established. Under static conditions, the sorption of rhenium on impregnated sorbents in a sulfuric acid solution was studied in the periodic system with respect to the contact ...


Machine Learning For High-Fidelity Prediction Of Cement Hydration Kinetics In Blended Systems, Rachel Cook, Taihao Han, Alaina Childers, Cambria Ryckman, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Machine Learning For High-Fidelity Prediction Of Cement Hydration Kinetics In Blended Systems, Rachel Cook, Taihao Han, Alaina Childers, Cambria Ryckman, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The production of ordinary Portland cement (OPC), the most broadly utilized man-made material, has been scrutinized due to its contributions to global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Thus -- to mitigate CO2 emissions -- mineral additives have been promulgated as partial replacements for OPC. However, additives -- depending on their physiochemical characteristics -- can exert varying effects on OPC's hydration kinetics. Therefore -- in regards to more complex systems -- it is infeasible for semi-empirical kinetic models to reveal the underlying nonlinear composition-property (i.e., reactivity) relationships. In the past decade or so, machine learning (ML) has arisen as a promising, holistic approach to predict ...


Poly(2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate) Hydrogels For Contact Lens Applications–A Review, Kushendarsyah Saptaji, Nurlaely Rohmatul Iza, Sinta Widianingrum, Vania Katherine Mulia, Iwan Setiawan 2021 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Sampoerna University, Jakarta Selatan 12780, Indonesia

Poly(2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate) Hydrogels For Contact Lens Applications–A Review, Kushendarsyah Saptaji, Nurlaely Rohmatul Iza, Sinta Widianingrum, Vania Katherine Mulia, Iwan Setiawan

Makara Journal of Science

The emerging technology in biomedical engineering requires biocompatible materials, which are also referred to as biomaterials. For a material to be considered biocompatible, it should not interact with human tissues in a harmful way, and vice versa. Various properties of biocompatible materials, such as mechanical and optical properties, have to be considered for different biomedical applications. One of the most popular applications of biomaterials is for contact lenses. Hydrogels, specifically poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) hydrogels, are among the most popular ones in ophthalmologic applications, especially in soft contact lenses. This paper reviews the use of PHEMA hydrogels as one of ...


Improved Predictive Modeling Techniques For Non-Linear Solder Material Behavior, Arman Millian Ahari 2021 Portland State University

Improved Predictive Modeling Techniques For Non-Linear Solder Material Behavior, Arman Millian Ahari

Dissertations and Theses

Accurate prediction of fatigue life of solder joints in electronic packaging applications becomes of critical importance as semiconductor device technology and manufacturing constraints grow in complexity. To gain visibility on IC device performance and reliability, thermo-mechanical simulation is performed based on a unified, viscoplastic material model, which is dependent on nine parameters.

In this study, an improved method of Anand parameter extraction, which involves curve-fitting non-linear experimental stress data, is proposed to improve the accuracy of numerical predictions for solder reliability. Theoretical equations for uni-axial stress-strain response and creep response are derived, then details on their relevance to experimental and ...


Mechanical Properties And Characterization Of Epoxy Composites Containing Highly Entangled As-Received And Acid Treated Carbon Nanotubes, Aaron Krieg, Julia A. King, Gregory M. Odegard, Timothy Leftwich, Leif K. Odegard, Paul D. Fraley, Ibrahim Miskioglu, Claire Jolowsky, Matthew Lundblad, Jin Gyu Park, Richard Liang 2021 Michigan Technological University

Mechanical Properties And Characterization Of Epoxy Composites Containing Highly Entangled As-Received And Acid Treated Carbon Nanotubes, Aaron Krieg, Julia A. King, Gregory M. Odegard, Timothy Leftwich, Leif K. Odegard, Paul D. Fraley, Ibrahim Miskioglu, Claire Jolowsky, Matthew Lundblad, Jin Gyu Park, Richard Liang

Michigan Tech Publications

Huntsman–Merrimack MIRALON® carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a novel, highly entan-gled, commercially available, and scalable format of nanotubes. As-received and acid-treated CNTs were added to aerospace grade epoxy (CYCOM® 977-3), and the composites were characterized. The epoxy resin is expected to infiltrate the network of the CNTs and could improve mechanical properties. Epoxy composites were tested for flexural and viscoelastic properties and the as-re-ceived and acid treated CNTs were characterized using Field-Emission Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Thermogravimetric Analysis. Composites containing 0.4 wt% as-received CNTs showed an increase in flexural strength, from 136.9 MPa ...


Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Improving Healthspan Through Patient-Derived Artificial Organs From Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells And Two-Photon Polymerization, Connor Espenshade

Protocols and Reports

Senescence, from the shortening of telomeres, accumulation of mutations, epigenetic hypomethylation, and other causes, begins an eventual cycle of decline in every patient. Stem cells disappear as a function of age, which in turn impairs cellular replication. Moreover, when fully differentiated cells are induced back into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), they not only revert to a state of pre-differentiation, but also to a younger cellular age. Their aging clocks turn back: their telomeres become longer and DNA methylation reverts back to an earlier age. It should therefore be possible to use iPSCs to replace the missing stem cells from ...


Impact Behavior Of Laminated Composites Built With Fique Fibers And Epoxy Resin: A Mechanical Analysis Using Impact And Flexural Behavior, Julian Rua, Mario F. Buchely, Sergio Neves Monteiro, Gloria I. Echeverri, Henry A. Colorado 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Impact Behavior Of Laminated Composites Built With Fique Fibers And Epoxy Resin: A Mechanical Analysis Using Impact And Flexural Behavior, Julian Rua, Mario F. Buchely, Sergio Neves Monteiro, Gloria I. Echeverri, Henry A. Colorado

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This research analyzes the behavior of natural fiber reinforced laminated polymer composites (NFRPC) under mechanical solicitations. Samples were fabricated with epoxy resin matrix reinforced with a multilayer natural fique fiber in a bi-directional commercial fabric configuration. Different reinforcement contents without additives were prepared taking in the account the simplicity in processing, fabrication cost, and applications in which this material might be used with high performance standards. Charpy notched impact and 3-point bending test were carried out to evaluate the mechanical behavior and the work of fracture, which was improved significatively with the fibers, showing an increase from 5 to 30 ...


Tools And Strategies For The Patterning Of Bioactive Molecules And Macromolecules, Daniel J. Valles 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Tools And Strategies For The Patterning Of Bioactive Molecules And Macromolecules, Daniel J. Valles

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Hypersurface Photolithography (HP) is a printing method for fabricating structures and patterns composed of soft materials bound to solid surfaces and with ~1 micrometer resolution in the x, y, and z dimensions. This platform leverages benign, low intensity light to perform photochemical surface reactions with spatial and temporal control of irradiation, and, as a result, is particularly useful for patterning delicate organic and biological material. In particular, surface- initiated controlled radical polymerizations can be leveraged to create arbitrary polymer and block- copolymer brush patterns. Chapter 1 will review the advances in instrumentation architectures from our group that have made these ...


Atomistic Simulation Of Desalination, Ian David Durr 2021 Kennesaw State University

Atomistic Simulation Of Desalination, Ian David Durr

Symposium of Student Scholars

Atomistic Simulation of Desalination

Ian Durr, Matheus Prates, and Jungkyu Park

Kennesaw State University

In this research, we investigate the desalination capacity of three-dimensional (3D) carbon nanostructures using molecular dynamics simulations. 3D carbon nanostructures proposed here will filter seawater efficiently because of their multiple layers with holes of tunable sizes. The structure is designed to be flexible, allowing mechanical deformation during daily use. The 3D carbon nanostructure will still possess high thermal conductivity, enabling easy recycle through a simple heating process. Here, we employ LAMMPS, Large-scale Atomic/MolecularMassively Parallel Simulator distributed by Sandia National Laboratories to measure salt ion flux ...


Feedstock Powders For Reactive Structural Materials, Daniel Hastings 2021 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Feedstock Powders For Reactive Structural Materials, Daniel Hastings

Dissertations

Metals as fuels have higher energy density per unit mass or volume compared to any hydrocarbon. At the same time, metals are common structural materials. Exploring metals as reactive structural materials may combine their high energy density with attractive mechanical properties. Preparing such materials, however, is challenging. Requirements that need to be met for applications include density, strength, and stability enabling the component to sustain the structure during its desired operation; added requirements are the amount and rate of the energy release upon impact or shock. Powder technology and additive manufacturing are approaches considered for design of reactive structural materials ...


Effect Of Polymer Chain Length On The Superlattice Assembly Of Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Guillaume Freychet, Benjamin M. Ocko, Alex Travesset, Surya K. Mallapragada, David Vaknin 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Effect Of Polymer Chain Length On The Superlattice Assembly Of Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Guillaume Freychet, Benjamin M. Ocko, Alex Travesset, Surya K. Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We report on the assembly of gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) superlattices at the liquid/vapor interface and in the bulk of their suspensions. Interparticle distances in the assemblies are achieved on multiple length scales by varying chain lengths of surface grafted AuNPs by polyethylene glycol (PEG) with molecular weights in the range 2000–40,000 Da. Crystal structures and lattice constants in both 2D and 3D assemblies are determined by synchrotron-based surface-sensitive and small-angle X-ray scattering. Assuming knowledge of grafting density, we show that experimentally determined interparticle distances are adequately modeled by spherical brushes close to the θ point (Flory–Huggins ...


Evaluation Of Stretch Film Behavior During Long-Term Storage Under Different Atmospheric Conditions, Kyle Dunno, Maria Symanski 2021 Rochester Institute of Technology

Evaluation Of Stretch Film Behavior During Long-Term Storage Under Different Atmospheric Conditions, Kyle Dunno, Maria Symanski

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

This study examined the post-application behavior of two 20.3 micron machine stretch films, one categorized as high-performance and one as general-performance, for thirty days while stored at either 23°C or 38°C. For each film type, the stretch film was applied to a simulated unit load to produce neutral and positive applied total stretch scenarios. The relaxation curves developed from each test indicate the relaxation rate of the films varied based on the storage condition. Observed was an average of 41% containment loss for both high-performance and general-purpose films when the simulated loads were stored at 38°C ...


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