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Stress Singularity Study Of Functionally Graded Material Based On Coherent Gradient Sensing Method, Jinjun Zhang 2016 Arizona State University

Stress Singularity Study Of Functionally Graded Material Based On Coherent Gradient Sensing Method, Jinjun Zhang

Kevin Lee


Functionally graded material (FGM) has some particular characteristics due to the gradual variation of physical properties. The study on mechanical behavior of FGM is of great research value. In this work, a large scale FGM which filled with small glass spheres has been prepared by gravity assisted casting technique. The elastic material constants in static condition are measured. One optical experimental method, coherent gradient sensing (CGS), is introduced to study the mechanical behavior of FGM which has exponential variation of material property. The governing equations of CGS which is used to represent the optics-mechanics relation of the singular yield near ...


Diffusion-Based Deformation In Elevated Temperature Micropillar Compression Of Mg-Nb Multilayers, Keith Thomas, Juri Wehrs, Siddharta Pathak, Johann Michler 2016 EMPA

Diffusion-Based Deformation In Elevated Temperature Micropillar Compression Of Mg-Nb Multilayers, Keith Thomas, Juri Wehrs, Siddharta Pathak, Johann Michler

Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development V

multilayer, elevated-temperature, micropillar compression


Indentation Behavior Of Superelastic Hard Carbon, Olga Chernogorova, Ekaterina Drozdova, Iraida Ushakova, Evgenii Ekimov, Vicente Benavides, Aleksander Soldatov 2016 IMET

Indentation Behavior Of Superelastic Hard Carbon, Olga Chernogorova, Ekaterina Drozdova, Iraida Ushakova, Evgenii Ekimov, Vicente Benavides, Aleksander Soldatov

Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development V

Supererlastic hard carbon particles up to 1 mmin size were produced by fullerene collapse upon high-pressure high-temperature treatment with simultaneous sintering of metal-matrix composite materials (CM) reinforced by such particles. The hardness of carbon particles can be varied in a wide range by changing the parameters of their structure, which consists of curved graphene planes or their packets of different sizes. Such carbon phase was called “nanoclusterd graphene phase” (NGP) [1]. The properties of the carbon particles were controlled by changing treatment pressure (5 and 8 GPa) and temperature (1100-1800 K), composition of parent fullerites (C60 or C60/70), and ...


Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania

Master's Theses

Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.

The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).

Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...


Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method, Heng Gu 2016 Rexa Inc.

Three-Dimensional Modeling Of Percolation Behavior Of Electrical Conductivity In Segregated Network Polymer Nanocomposites Using Monte Carlo Method, Heng Gu

Heng Gu

No abstract provided.


Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, Xinyu Zhao, Baicun Zheng, Hongchen Gu, Chunzhong Li, Shi C. Zhang, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, Xinyu Zhao, Baicun Zheng, Hongchen Gu, Chunzhong Li, Shi C. Zhang, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

Two kinds of aqueous precursor solutions are used to synthesize Mn-Zn ferrite powders: (i) nitrate (NO) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(NO3)2, Zn(NO3)2, and Fe(NO3)3; and (ii) acetate (AC) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(CH3COOO)2, Zn(CHCH3COOO)2, and Fe(NO3)3. The composition of the powders synthesized from the precursor AC is very uniform, whereas powders derived from the precursor NO have Mn and Zn segregated on the particle surfaces. In addition, the powders synthesized from precursor AC are solid spherical particles with fine porosity ...


Moiré Simulation Of Field-Ion Micrographs, P. D. Ownby, Robert M. Doerr 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Moiré Simulation Of Field-Ion Micrographs, P. D. Ownby, Robert M. Doerr

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

No abstract provided.


Magnetic Properties Of Cadmium Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Magnetic Properties Of Cadmium Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

The room-temperature saturation magnetization of CdxMn1-xFe2O4 decreased with increasing cadmium concentration. When 0 < x < 0.5, the decrease in saturation magnetization was due to the increase in the amount of non-mgnetic distorted cubic Cd(Mn, Fe) 2O4.


High Temperature Interfacial Phenomena In Processing Cofired Ceramics For Electronic Packaging Of Semiconductor Devices, P. D. Ownby, D. A. Weirauch Jr., J. E. Lazaroff 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

High Temperature Interfacial Phenomena In Processing Cofired Ceramics For Electronic Packaging Of Semiconductor Devices, P. D. Ownby, D. A. Weirauch Jr., J. E. Lazaroff

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

No abstract provided.


Field Emission Of Boron On Tungsten, P. D. Ownby, Thomas A. Flaim 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Field Emission Of Boron On Tungsten, P. D. Ownby, Thomas A. Flaim

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

No abstract provided.


Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

Formation of Ni-ferrite, Mn-ferrite, NiZn-ferrite, Zn-ferrite and Mg-ferrite have been investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis. Jander's diffusion equation described the data from these investigations over a portion of the temperature ranges studied. However, the reaction mechanisms and sequences involved in the formation of mixed ferrites have not been well defined in the literature. The purposes of this investigation were: ( 1) To further the understanding of the formation of CdMnferrite by studying first the kinetics of the formation of Cd-ferrite and Cd-manganite, which provides a basis for understanding the details of the mixed CdMn-ferrite reaction and to obtain the optimum ...


Effects Of Calcining Temperature On The Physical Properties Of Zirconate Ceramics, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effects Of Calcining Temperature On The Physical Properties Of Zirconate Ceramics, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

No abstract provided.


Numerical Modeling Of Periodic Composite Media For Electromagnetic Shielding Application, Dagang Wu, Rui Qiang, Ji Chen, Ce Liu, Marina Koledintseva, James L. Drewniak, Bruce Archambeault 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Numerical Modeling Of Periodic Composite Media For Electromagnetic Shielding Application, Dagang Wu, Rui Qiang, Ji Chen, Ce Liu, Marina Koledintseva, James L. Drewniak, Bruce Archambeault

James K Wu MD

This paper describes a methodology to extract effective electrical properties for periodic composite medium. The extraction algorithm is based on a periodic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The results are compared with conventional mixing theories and 3D Fourier series expansion methods. Two results show satisfactory agreement. With the extracted effective permittivity and conductivity, one can readily use these parameters to study electrical properties of composite materials with arbitrary micro-geometry and the shielding effects of using composite materials.


Modeling Noise Coupling Between Package And Pcb Power/Ground Planes With An Efficient 2-D Fdtd/Lumped Element Method, Ting-Kuang Wang, Sin-Ting Chen, Chi-Wei Tsai, Sung-Mao Wu, James L. Drewniak, Tzong-Lin Wu 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Modeling Noise Coupling Between Package And Pcb Power/Ground Planes With An Efficient 2-D Fdtd/Lumped Element Method, Ting-Kuang Wang, Sin-Ting Chen, Chi-Wei Tsai, Sung-Mao Wu, James L. Drewniak, Tzong-Lin Wu

James K Wu MD

An efficient numerical approach based on the 2-D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is proposed to model the power/ground plane noise or simultaneously switching noise (SSN), including the interconnect effect between the package and the print circuit board (PCB). The space between the power and ground planes on the package and PCB are meshed with 2-D cells. The equivalent R-L-C circuits of the via and the solder balls connecting the package and PCB can be incorporated into a 2-D Yee cell based on a novel integral formulation in the time domain. An efficient recursive updating algorithm is proposed to fit ...


Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, HsunPao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim 2016 Rochester Institute of Technology

Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, Hsunpao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), a biodegradable thermoplastic derived from renewable resources, stands out as a substitute to petroleum-based plastics. PLA based films for food packaging has been an area of both commercial and research interest within the context of sustainability. In spite of its high strength, packaging applications have been limited because PLA is more brittle than traditional oil-based plastics. Because of this, films display low tear and impact resistance and produce a loud crackling sound when manipulated. Although many studies address the toughening of PLA in the bulk, little attention has been placed on the film performance. The present ...


Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk 2016 Lappeenranta University of Technology, Group of Packaging Technology

Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

The uncoated side of dispersion-barrier-coated paperboards was exposed to positive and negative direct current corona treatments in order to confirm the occurrence of backside treatment and clarify its effects on the usability of the paperboard. The main component of the coating dispersions was hydroxypropylated potato starch and the effects of talc and styrene-butadiene latex additions on backside treatment were evaluated. Coatings with a high talc proportion showed excellent initial grease resistance, but corona-induced strikethroughs caused a drastic decrease in grease penetration time. The root-mean-square roughness measurements revealed moderate surface roughening at the backside, indicating thus backside treatment. The alterations in ...


Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li 2016 Rexa Inc.

Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li

Heng Gu

The mechanical properties and interfacial structures for aluminum matrix composites reinforced by nanometer-sized SiC-β particles has been studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The modified embedded atom methods, was implemented to describe the atomic interactions. The molecular model undergoes an annealing MD simulation from 300 K to 1000 K to reach its minimum energy point. Tensile tests were performed with periodic boundary conditions. The stress-strain relationship has been studied and elastic constants were predicted as well. The results were compared with those given by continuum-based finite element analysis (FEA) together with the experimental data available in the literatures. It showed ...


Evaluation Of The Effects Of Pulsed Magnetic Field Treatment As A Nondestructive Treatment For Magnetic Materials, Chester C.H. Lo, David C. Jiles, Mani Mina, M. J. Johnson, B. Koepke, L. C. Kerdus, J. Leib 2016 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Pulsed Magnetic Field Treatment As A Nondestructive Treatment For Magnetic Materials, Chester C.H. Lo, David C. Jiles, Mani Mina, M. J. Johnson, B. Koepke, L. C. Kerdus, J. Leib

Mani Mina

Pulsed magnetic treatment has been suggested as a nondestructive treatment of magnetic materials for reducing microscopic stress and strain in the materials. Systematic studies have been made to test the effect of pulsed magnetic field treatments in a variety of magnetic materials including bulk nickel and magnetic thin film samples. The treatment involves the application of a low frequency, periodic magnetic field superimposed with a high frequency pulse component followed by demagnetization. Equipment for applying the pulsed magnetic field treatment has been designed and constructed, together with computer software which was developed to allow complete control of the waveform, frequency ...


A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang 2016 Iowa State University

A Ship-In-A-Bottle Strategy To Synthesize Encapsulated Intermetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts: Exemplified For Furfural Hydrogenation, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Chaoxian Xiao, Tian Wei Goh, Lin-Lin Wang, Jeffrey Gustafson, Yuchen Pei, Zhiyuan Qi, Duane D. Johnson, Shiran Zhang, Franklin Feng Tao, Wenyu Huang

Wenyu Huang

Intermetallic compounds are garnering increasing attention as efficient catalysts for improved selectivity in chemical processes. Here, using a ship-in-a-bottle strategy, we synthesize single-phase platinum-based intermetallic nanoparticles (NPs) protected by a mesoporous silica (mSiO2) shell by heterogeneous reduction and nucleation of Sn, Pb, or Zn in mSiO2-encapsulated Pt NPs. For selective hydrogenation of furfural to furfuryl alcohol, a dramatic increase in activity and selectivity is observed when intermetallic NPs catalysts are used in comparison to Pt@mSiO2. Among the intermetallic NPs, PtSn@mSiO2 exhibits the best performance, requiring only one-tenth of the quantity of Pt used ...


Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan 2016 University of Dayton

Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan

Kevin Hallinan

Latent energy storage capacity was analyzed for a system consisting of carbon nanoparticlesdopedphase changematerials (PCMs). Three types of samples were prepared by doping shell wax with single wall carbon nanotubes(SWCNTs), multiwall CNTs, and carbon nanofibers. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to measure the latent heat of fusion. The measured values of latent heat for all the samples showed a good enhancement over the latent heat of pure wax. A maximum enhancement of approximately 13% was observed for the wax/SWCNT composite corresponding to 1% loading of SWCNT. The change in latent heat was modeled by using an approximation for ...


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