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Electrically-Conductive Asphalt Mastic: Temperature Dependence And Heating Efficiency, Ali Arabzadeh, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Alireza Sassani, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Mani Mina 2018 Iowa State University

Electrically-Conductive Asphalt Mastic: Temperature Dependence And Heating Efficiency, Ali Arabzadeh, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim, Alireza Sassani, Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Mani Mina

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Asphalt mastic, a pitch-matrix composite, consists of bitumen and mineral fillers (very fine aggregates), that fills the voids created by coarser aggregates in asphalt concrete. In this study, asphalt mastic was modified with carbon fiber (CF) and graphite powder (GP) to produce single-phase (containing only CF) and two-phase (containing both CF and GP) electrically-conductive asphalt mastic (ECAM) for anti-icing and deicing applications. Volume resistivities of ECAMs were measured at two different temperatures and the influence of temperature on electrical conductivity was evaluated, revealing that reduction in temperature enhances the ECAM's electrical conductivity. After analyzing the volume resistivity data for ...


Lanthanide Ions Doped In Vanadium Oxide For Sensitive Optical Glucose Detection, Ansam J. Talib, Masfer Alkahtani, Linkun Jiang, Fahad Alghannam, Robert Brick, Carmen L. Gomes, Marlan O. Scully, Alexei V. Sokolov, Philip R. Hemmer 2018 Texas A&M University, College Station

Lanthanide Ions Doped In Vanadium Oxide For Sensitive Optical Glucose Detection, Ansam J. Talib, Masfer Alkahtani, Linkun Jiang, Fahad Alghannam, Robert Brick, Carmen L. Gomes, Marlan O. Scully, Alexei V. Sokolov, Philip R. Hemmer

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Blood glucose monitoring is essential to avoid the unwanted consequences of glucose level fluctuations. Optical monitors are of special interest because they can be non-invasive. Among optical glucose sensors, fluorescent upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have the advantage of good photostability, low toxicity, and exceptional autofluorescence suppression. However, to sense glucose, UCNPs normally need surface functionalization, and this can be easily affected by other factors in biological systems, and may also affect their ability for real-time sensing of both increasing and decreasing glucose levels. Here, we report YVO4 : Yb3+, Er3+@Nd3+core/shell UCNPs with Nd and Yb shell and GdVO4 : Yb3 ...


Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman 2018 University of Kentucky

Photocatalytic Activity: Experimental Features To Report In Heterogeneous Photocatalysis, Md. Ariful Hoque, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Heterogeneous photocatalysis is a prominent area of research with major applications in solar energy conversion, air pollution mitigation, and removal of contaminants from water. A large number of scientific papers related to the photocatalysis field and its environmental applications are published in different journals specializing in materials and nanomaterials. However, many problems exist in the conception of papers by authors unfamiliar with standard characterization methods of photocatalysts as well as with the procedures needed to determine photocatalytic activities based on the determination of “apparent quantum efficiencies” within a wavelength interval or “apparent quantum yields” in the case of using monochromatic ...


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Spring 2018, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco 2018 University of Central Florida

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Spring 2018, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

No abstract provided.


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco 2018 University of Central Florida

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Engineering And Computer Science, Fall 2017, Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

Buenaventura "Ven" Basco

No abstract provided.


Recent Advances In Study Of Solid-Liquid Interfaces And Solidification Of Metals, Mohsen Asle Zaeem 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Recent Advances In Study Of Solid-Liquid Interfaces And Solidification Of Metals, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Solidification occurs in several material processing methods, such as in casting, welding, and laser additive manufacturing of metals, and it controls the nano- and microstructures, as well as the overall properties of the products. Recent advancements in experimental and computational modeling techniques have made it possible to more effectively study atomistic and microscale mechanisms that control the solidification nano- and microstructures, and formation and evolution of solidification defects.


Understanding Homogeneous Nucleation In Solidification Of Aluminum By Molecular Dynamics Simulations, A. Mahata, Mohsen Asle Zaeem, M. I. Baskes 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Understanding Homogeneous Nucleation In Solidification Of Aluminum By Molecular Dynamics Simulations, A. Mahata, Mohsen Asle Zaeem, M. I. Baskes

Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Homogeneous nucleation from aluminum (Al) melt was investigated by million-atom molecular dynamics simulations utilizing the second nearest neighbor modified embedded atom method potentials. The natural spontaneous homogenous nucleation from the Al melt was produced without any influence of pressure, free surface effects and impurities. Initially isothermal crystal nucleation from undercooled melt was studied at different constant temperatures, and later superheated Al melt was quenched with different cooling rates. The crystal structure of nuclei, critical nucleus size, critical temperature for homogenous nucleation, induction time, and nucleation rate were determined. The quenching simulations clearly revealed three temperature regimes: sub-critical nucleation, super-critical nucleation ...


Effects Of Specimen Size And Yttria Concentration On Mechanical Properties Of Single Crystalline Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Nanopillars, Ning Zhang, Mohsen Asle Zaeem 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effects Of Specimen Size And Yttria Concentration On Mechanical Properties Of Single Crystalline Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Nanopillars, Ning Zhang, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Mohsen Asle Zaeem

The nanoscale plastic deformation of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (YSTZ) is highly dependent on the crystallographic orientations, i.e., dislocation is induced when the loading direction is 45° tilted to {111} and {101} slip planes, while tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation dominates the plastic deformation when loading direction is perpendicular to the slip planes. This study investigates the effects of specimen size and yttria concentration on the mechanical response of single crystalline YSTZ nanopillars. Through uniaxial compression test, the smaller-is-stronger phenomenon is revealed in nanopillars deformed through a dislocation motion mechanism. Serrated stacking faults are observed in the smallest nanopillar, while ...


A Simple Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Granular Geomaterials, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Yidan Huang, Caizhi Zhou 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Simple Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Granular Geomaterials, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Yidan Huang, Caizhi Zhou

Caizhi Zhou

We propose a simple elastic-plastic contact model by considering the interaction of two spheres in the normal direction, for use in discrete element method (DEM) simulations of geomaterials. This model has been developed by using the finite element method (FEM) and nonlinear fitting methods, in the form of power-law relation of the dimensionless normal force and displacement. Only four parameters are needed for each loading-unloading contact process between two spheres, which are relevant to material properties evaluated by FEM simulations. Within the given range of material properties, those four parameters can be quickly accessed by interpolating the data appended or ...


Nanograin Size Effects On The Strength Of Biphase Nanolayered Composites, Sixie Huang, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nanograin Size Effects On The Strength Of Biphase Nanolayered Composites, Sixie Huang, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou

Caizhi Zhou

In this work, we employ atomic-scale simulations to uncover the interface-driven deformation mechanisms in biphase nanolayered composites. Two internal boundaries persist in these materials, the interlayer crystalline boundaries and intralayer biphase interfaces, and both have nanoscale dimensions. These internal surfaces are known to control the activation and motion of dislocations, and despite the fact that most of these materials bear both types of interfaces. From our calculations, we find that the first defect event, signifying yield, is controlled by the intralayer spacing (grain size, d), and not the intralayer biphase spacing (layer thickness, h). The interplay of two internal sizes ...


Repeated Loading Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Geomaterial, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Caizhi Zhou 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Repeated Loading Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Geomaterial, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Caizhi Zhou

Caizhi Zhou

A new nonlinear hysteretic model with considering the loading, unloading, and reloading processes is developed based on Drucker—Prager yield criterion and finite-element analysis. This model can be used for multiple repeated elastic—plastic normal direction contact problems between two identical spherical geomaterials. After examining the influence of material properties, strain hardening, and loading histories, we found that the hysteretic phenomena (represented by residual displacement and plastic work) become weak after the first cycle, and the subsequent cycles step into elastic shakedown state eventually. A critical number of cycles can be used to estimate the state of ratchetting, plastic shakedown ...


Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou

Caizhi Zhou

It has been shown that unlike its constituent nanocrystalline (NC) phase, a heterogeneous lamella (HL) composite comprising NC and coarse-grain layers exhibits greatly improved ductility. To understand the origin of this enhancement, we present a 3D discrete dislocation, crystal plasticity finite element model to study the development of strains across this microstructure. Here we show that the HL structure homogenizes the plastic strains in the NC layer, weakening the effect of strain concentrations. These findings can provide valuable insight into the effects of material length scales on material instabilities, which is needed to design heterogeneous structures with superior properties.


Pneumatospinning Of Collagen Microfibers From Benign Solvents, Seth Polk, Nardos Sori, Nick Thayer, Yas Maghdouri-White, Anna A. Bulysheva, Michael P. Francis 2018 Old Dominion University

Pneumatospinning Of Collagen Microfibers From Benign Solvents, Seth Polk, Nardos Sori, Nick Thayer, Yas Maghdouri-White, Anna A. Bulysheva, Michael P. Francis

Medical Diagnostics & Translational Sciences Faculty Publications

Introduction. Current collagen fiber manufacturing methods for biomedical applications, such as electrospinning and extrusion, have had limited success in clinical translation, partially due to scalability, cost, and complexity challenges. Here we explore an alternative, simplified and scalable collagen fiber formation method, termed 'pneumatospinning,' to generate submicron collagen fibers from benign solvents. Methods and results. Clinical grade type I atelocollagen from calf corium was electrospun or pneumatospun as sheets of aligned and isotropic fibrous scaffolds. Following crosslinking with genipin, the collagen scaffolds were stable in media for over a month. Pneumatospun collagen samples were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, circular dichroism ...


Open Source Low-Cost Power Monitoring System, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce 2018 Michigan Technological University

Open Source Low-Cost Power Monitoring System, Shane W. Oberloier, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

This study presents an entirely open-source, low-cost power monitoring system capable of many types of measurements including both loads and supplies such as solar photovoltaic systems. In addition, the system can be fabricated using only open source software and hardware. The design revolves around the Digital Universal Energy Logger (DUEL) Node, which is responsible for reading and properly scaling the voltage and current of a particular load, and then serializing it via an on-board ATTiny85 chip. The configuration of the DUEL node allows for custom sensitivity ranges, and can handle up to 50 A and 300 V. Up to 127 ...


High-Temperature Monitoring Of Refractory Wall Recession Using Frequency-Modulated Continuous-Wave (Fm-Cw) Radar Techniques, Bivin Varghese, C. DeConick, G. Cartee, M. Velez, Robert E. Moore, R. Zoughi 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

High-Temperature Monitoring Of Refractory Wall Recession Using Frequency-Modulated Continuous-Wave (Fm-Cw) Radar Techniques, Bivin Varghese, C. Deconick, G. Cartee, M. Velez, Robert E. Moore, R. Zoughi

Reza Zoughi

Furnaces are among the most crucial components in the glass and metallurgical industry. Nowadays, furnaces are being operated at higher temperatures and for longer periods of time thus increasing the rate of wear on the furnace refractory lining. Consequently, there is a great need for a nondestructive tool that can accurately measure refractory wall thickness at high temperatures. In this paper the utility of a frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FM-CW) radar is investigated for this purpose.


Fusion Of Microwave And Eddy Current Data For A Multi-Modal Approach In Evaluating Corrosion Under Paint And In Lap Joints, Kapil Gupta, Mohammad Tayeb Ahmad Ghasr, Sergey Kharkovsky, R. Zoughi, R. Joe Stanley, Ajay Padwal, Matthew O'Keefe, Donald D. Palmer, J. Blackshire, Gary Steffes, N. Wood 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Fusion Of Microwave And Eddy Current Data For A Multi-Modal Approach In Evaluating Corrosion Under Paint And In Lap Joints, Kapil Gupta, Mohammad Tayeb Ahmad Ghasr, Sergey Kharkovsky, R. Zoughi, R. Joe Stanley, Ajay Padwal, Matthew O'Keefe, Donald D. Palmer, J. Blackshire, Gary Steffes, N. Wood

Reza Zoughi

Critical aircraft structures are susceptible to hidden corrosion. Find-it and fix-it approaches are inefficient as it relates to managing the problems associated with corrosion. More comprehensive corrosion information may be obtained using data fusion from several detection and evaluation methods. To this end, microwave, conventional and pulsed eddy current data from a multi-layer corroded panel, representing an aircraft lap joint, are fused and used as inputs to a structural analysis model to obtain a comprehensive snapshot of the corroded environment. This paper presents the data fusion algorithm and the structural analysis model along with a discussion of the results.


Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira 2018 Whirlpool Latin America

Experimental Tests And Numerical Simulations For Failure Investigation On Corrugated Boxes Used On Household Appliance Packaging, Diego Fernandes Rodrigues, José Carlos Pereira

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Packages made of corrugated paper are fundamental to the protection, transportation and handling of the appliance product market. During the storage and sales stages of a product, the package must resist compressive loads in different directions beyond moderate impacts. In this context, the objective of this work is to develop and implement a post-processor that allows the simultaneous analysis of two of the most common failure modes of packages made of corrugated paper: failure due to tensile or compressive stress limit, and failure due to local buckling, when the buckling of the faces of the corrugated paper between two peaks ...


Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 8,679,389b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 8,679,389b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen

Genda Chen

A cementitious composite material wherein glass-coated steel rods are positioned in a cementitious matrix. The glass composition for coating the steel reinforcing rods includes between about 33-45 weight percent SiO2, 13.5-19.5 weight percent B2O3, 3.5-4.6 weight percent Al2O3, 4.0-13.5 weight percent K2O, 5.5-15.5 weight percent ZrO2, 8.6-15.9 weight percent Na2O, 4.6-5.1 weight percent CaO, 0.6-0.7 weight percent MnO2, 1.0-1.0 weight percent NiO, and 1.0-1.1 weight percent CoO. The glass ...


Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 7,901,769b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Corrosion-Resistant Glasses For Steel Enamels -- Patent 7,901,769b2, Richard K. Brow, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Michael L. Koenigstein, Genda Chen

Genda Chen

A cementitious composite material wherein glass-coated steel rods are positioned in a cementitious matrix. The glass composition for coating the steel reinforcing rods includes between about 33-45 weight percent SiO2, 13.5-19.5 weight percent B2O3, 3.5-4.6 weight percent Al2O3, 4.0-13.5 weight percent K2O, 5.5-15.5 weight percent ZrO2, 8.6-15.9 weight percent Na2O, 4.6-5.1 weight percent CaO, 0.6-0.7 weight percent MnO2, 1.0-1.0 weight percent NiO, and 1.0-1.1 weight percent CoO. The glass ...


Coated Steel Rebar For Enhanced Concrete-Steel Bond Strength And Corrosion Resistance, Genda Chen, Jeffery S. Volz, Richard K. Brow, Dongming Yan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Chenglin Bob Wu, Fujian Tang, Charles R. Werner, Xing Tao 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Coated Steel Rebar For Enhanced Concrete-Steel Bond Strength And Corrosion Resistance, Genda Chen, Jeffery S. Volz, Richard K. Brow, Dongming Yan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Chenglin Bob Wu, Fujian Tang, Charles R. Werner, Xing Tao

Genda Chen

This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the use of enamel coating in reinforced concrete structures both for bond strength and corrosion resistance of steel rebar. Extensive laboratory tests were conducted to characterize the properties of one- and two-layer enamel coatings. Pseudostatic tests were performed with pullout, beam and column specimens to characterize mechanical properties and develop design equations for the development length of steel rebar in lap splice and anchorage areas. The splice length equation was validated with the testing of large-scale columns under cyclic loading. For corrosion properties, ponding, salt spray, accelerated corrosion, potentiodynamic and electrochemical impedance ...


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