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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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Composite Structures Using Asphalt Based Roofing Scrap Materials: Eiera -- Final Report, V. J. Flanigan, K. Chandrashekhara, Susan L. Murray 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Composite Structures Using Asphalt Based Roofing Scrap Materials: Eiera -- Final Report, V. J. Flanigan, K. Chandrashekhara, Susan L. Murray

K. Chandrashekhara

The uses of recycled materials in composites provide the potential for large cost savings and a solution to the ever-growing disposal problem. Shingles contain petroleum based binders and fillers, which used as a valuable resource in composite production. Composites offer inherent advantages over traditional materials in regard to corrosion resistance, design flexibility and extended service life. Use of scrap-roofing shingles as a core material in glass fiber reinforced composite materials offer potential low cost composite products such as sound barrier system, railroad ties and other building materials including blocks. In the present work, processes have been developed for shredding scrap ...


Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer 2019 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of An Intelligent Team Tutoring System For A Collaborative Two-Person Problem: Surveillance, Alec Ostrander, Desmond Bonner, Jamiahus Walton, Anna Slavina, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson, Adam Kohl, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Anne Sinatra, Eliot H. Winer

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper describes the development and evaluation of an Intelligent Team Tutoring System (ITTS) for pairs of learners working collaboratively to monitor an area. In the Surveillance Team Tutor (STT), learners performed a surveillance task in a virtual environment, communicating to track hostile moving soldiers. This collaborative problem solving task required significant communication to achieve the common goal of perfect surveillance. In a pilot evaluation, 16 two-person teams performed the task within one of three feedback conditions (Individual, Team, or None) across four trials each. The STT used a unique approach to filtering feedback so that teams in both individual ...


Community-Focused Problem-Solving With Operations Research And Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2019 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Community-Focused Problem-Solving With Operations Research And Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

In these days of ‘analytics’, ‘big data’ and ‘smart cities’, many of us are aware of the importance of data and quantitative analytic methods for program design, implementation and evaluation. Less commonly-understood are specific tools and methods for community-based interventions in which the problem to be solved is unclear, and the ways in which data of many different kinds can be used to develop interventions that represent best-possible uses of organization and community resources. Moreover, it is also less commonly-understood how to put communities, and community members, near the center of problem-solving and decision-making.

Examples of challenging problems include: How ...


A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall 2019 Iowa State University, Yarmouk University

A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Since affordances provided by packaging features play a major role in facilitating user packaging interaction, it is important to integrate the concept of affordances into the packaging design process and to understand the interrelationships between packaging features and affordances. A framework is proposed for linking user requirements to packaging design features utilizing the concept of affordances. The framework is accomplished in two main steps; first, determine the affordances required to facilitate performing packaging-related tasks, and second, link these affordances to packaging features. Previous packaging usability studies were reviewed to elicit requirements in terms of affordance properties such as intuitiveness, responsiveness ...


Task-Based Control And Design Of A Bldc Actuator For Robotics, Avik De, Abriana Stewart-Height, Daniel E. Koditschek 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Task-Based Control And Design Of A Bldc Actuator For Robotics, Avik De, Abriana Stewart-Height, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper proposes a new multi-input brushless DC motor current control policy aimed at robotics applications. The controller achieves empirical improvements in steady-state torque and power-production abilities relative to conventional controllers, while retaining similarly good torque-tracking and stability characteristics. Simulations show that non-conventional motor design optimizations whose feasibility is established by scaling model extrapolations from existing motor catalogues can vastly amplify the effectiveness of this new control-strategy.


Educating The Space Scientists At Embry-Riddle Through Design, Build And Fly Rocketry Experience, Pedro Llanos, Robert E. Haley, Sathya Gangadharan 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Educating The Space Scientists At Embry-Riddle Through Design, Build And Fly Rocketry Experience, Pedro Llanos, Robert E. Haley, Sathya Gangadharan

Pedro J. Llanos (www.AstronauticsLlanos.com)

Practical experience for students in rockets and payloads is very valuable in the space industry, and it is something that would give them an advantage over other applicants. Students in Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Payload and Integration class were given the opportunity to build a level 1 rocket and gain experience developing, testing, and integrating payloads into a rocket. The students were given the tasks to come up with an idea for a payload, design the payload to fit within the rocket for flight, and assemble and launch the rocket with the payload in the payload bay. The tasks required ...


Self-Leadership To Servant Leadership: A Metatheoretical Antecedent To Positive Social, Allen Lloyd Carn 2019 Walden University

Self-Leadership To Servant Leadership: A Metatheoretical Antecedent To Positive Social, Allen Lloyd Carn

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A majority of current leadership programs are failing to deliver a comprehensive approach to leadership development by not providing middle and frontline managers the skills to enhance their potential to develop others. In failing to generate a comprehensive system, animosity towards all types of leadership has been festering for over 40 years as first identified by Greenleaf in 1977. The purpose of the study was to establish a link between the theoretical paradigms of servant leadership and self-leadership using the lens of emotional intelligence to generate an integral leadership development framework. The conceptual framework used Goleman et al.'s version ...


Engineering Of Bio-Mimetic Substratum Topographies For Enhanced Early Colonization Of Filamentous Algae, Ali Khoshkhoo, Andres L. Carrano, David M. Blersch 2019 Binghamton University

Engineering Of Bio-Mimetic Substratum Topographies For Enhanced Early Colonization Of Filamentous Algae, Ali Khoshkhoo, Andres L. Carrano, David M. Blersch

Systems Science and Industrial Engineering Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Weld Penetration Identification Based On Convolutional Neural Network, Chao Li 2019 University of Kentucky

Weld Penetration Identification Based On Convolutional Neural Network, Chao Li

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

Weld joint penetration determination is the key factor in welding process control area. Not only has it directly affected the weld joint mechanical properties, like fatigue for example. It also requires much of human intelligence, which either complex modeling or rich of welding experience. Therefore, weld penetration status identification has become the obstacle for intelligent welding system. In this dissertation, an innovative method has been proposed to detect the weld joint penetration status using machine-learning algorithms.

A GTAW welding system is firstly built. Project a dot-structured laser pattern onto the weld pool surface during welding process, the reflected laser pattern ...


Effects Of Light Illumination On Ocular Responses And Visual Comfort, Shun-nan Yang, Manho Jang, Jim Sheedy, Yeokyung Seo 2019 Pacific University

Effects Of Light Illumination On Ocular Responses And Visual Comfort, Shun-Nan Yang, Manho Jang, Jim Sheedy, Yeokyung Seo

VPI Research

Background: Artificial light sources such as Light-emitting Diode (LED) emit more intensive blue light (460 to 490 nm) and are with a wavelength distribution deviating from the peak wavelength of 550 nm in natural sun light. The present study examined how cold and warm LED lamps with high- and low-blue light emission differently affected objective ocular responses and subjective viewing symptoms. Methods: 34 adults with normal or correct-to-normal vision read printed continuous text with one of three lamps (LED 4000 K, LED 6500 K and OLED 4000 K) generating 50 and 110 Nits for 60 mins respectively while their pupil ...


The Core Of Social Network Modeling: Industrial Engineering., Shannon C. Roberts, Chaitra Gopalappa, Nazanin Nazanin 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Core Of Social Network Modeling: Industrial Engineering., Shannon C. Roberts, Chaitra Gopalappa, Nazanin Nazanin

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Networks are abound in our everyday lives, from disaster response networks to cellular networks to social networks. In this workshop, we will introduce the different types of networks and how Industrial Engineering is used to model these networks. Next, we will describe current social network modeling research done at UMass. Finally, we will delve into hands-on activities that include social network analysis, such as the clustering of people into groups, and modeling of the spread of ideas in a social network, such as how tweets spread on Twitter.


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Crude Oil Prices Forecasting: Time Series Vs. Svr Models, Xin James He 2018 Fairfield University

Crude Oil Prices Forecasting: Time Series Vs. Svr Models, Xin James He

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This research explores the weekly crude oil price data from U.S. Energy Information Administration over the time period 2009 - 2017 to test the forecasting accuracy by comparing time series models such as simple exponential smoothing (SES), moving average (MA), and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) against machine learning support vector regression (SVR) models. The main purpose of this research is to determine which model provides the best forecasting results for crude oil prices in light of the importance of crude oil price forecasting and its implications to the economy. While SVR is often considered the best forecasting model in ...


Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper presents a provably correct method for robot navigation in 2D environments cluttered with familiar but unexpected non-convex, star-shaped obstacles as well as completely unknown, convex obstacles. We presuppose a limited range onboard sensor, capable of recognizing, localizing and (leveraging ideas from constructive solid geometry) generating online from its catalogue of the familiar, non-convex shapes an implicit representation of each one. These representations underlie an online change of coordinates to a completely convex model planning space wherein a previously developed online construction yields a provably correct reactive controller that is pulled back to the physically sensed representation to generate ...


Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. McGehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace 2018 Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health University of Iowa

Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. Mcgehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of teen deaths in spite of preventive efforts. Prevention strategies could be advanced through new analytic approaches that allow us to better conceptualize the complex processes underlying teen crash risk. This may help policymakers design appropriate interventions and evaluate their impacts.

Methods: System Dynamics methodology was used as a new way of representing factors involved in the underlying process of teen crash risk. Systems dynamics modeling is relatively new to public health analytics and is a promising tool to examine relative influence of multiple interacting factors in predicting a health outcome. Dynamics ...


Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

Regression analysis fits predictive models to data on a response variable and corresponding values for a set of explanatory variables. Often data on the explanatory variables come at a cost from commercial databases, so the available budget may limit which ones are used in the final model.

In this dissertation, two budget-constrained regression models are proposed for continuous and categorical variables respectively using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) to choose the explanatory variables to be included in solutions. First, we propose a budget-constrained linear regression model for continuous response variables. Properties such as solvability and global optimality of the proposed ...


Improve Agricultural Practices Through Waterflow Modeling & Visualization, Warren Jennings, Riley Nylin, Josh Pederson, James Pollock 2018 Iowa State University

Improve Agricultural Practices Through Waterflow Modeling & Visualization, Warren Jennings, Riley Nylin, Josh Pederson, James Pollock

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Current farming tools do not provide an easy solution for waterflow modeling; therefore, farmers are not aware of what happens in their fields after rainfall events.


Grain Drying, Brett Olson, Michael Shippy, Jacob Titmus, Todd Van Dyke 2018 Iowa State University

Grain Drying, Brett Olson, Michael Shippy, Jacob Titmus, Todd Van Dyke

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Mold toxins (Aflatoxin) consumed by children can stunt growth, cause mental impairment and acute poisoning

• Corn left in field is susceptible to loss from insects, rats, birds, and theft


Grain Cart Compaction Impact, Tyler Ehlers, Kyle Lafrenz 2018 Iowa State University

Grain Cart Compaction Impact, Tyler Ehlers, Kyle Lafrenz

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Soil compaction poses a large threat in potential yield reduction in row crop operations across the globe.

• The tractor and grain cart is the heaviest piece of machinery pulled through a field, making it the most likely to leave highest level of compaction.


Warehouse Consolidation, Vincent Breedlove, Keagan Hedrick, Nicholas Mignery, Christopher Sjoblom 2018 Iowa State University

Warehouse Consolidation, Vincent Breedlove, Keagan Hedrick, Nicholas Mignery, Christopher Sjoblom

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

The Hagie company is having difficulty using their current organization system of parts and how to pick them to meet their goal of building two sprayers a day. This is creating a problem for the company because parts are in multiple locations which is making it difficult to quickly get parts.This project will immediately affect the workers of warehouse one and five. Later affect the rest of the factory because they will have their parts faster, in a more organized manner.


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