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What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau 2017 University of Hull

What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued that Community OR cannot be defined by its clients, practitioners or methods, we argue that the common concern of all Community OR practice is the meaningful engagement of communities, whatever form that may take – and the legitimacy of different forms of engagement may be open to debate. We then move on to discuss four other controversies that have ...


Structuring Financial Incentives For Residential Solar Electric Systems, Kevin C. van Blommestein, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim, Paul Sklar 2017 Portland State University

Structuring Financial Incentives For Residential Solar Electric Systems, Kevin C. Van Blommestein, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim, Paul Sklar

Yonghee Cho

This paper introduces a simple methodology to aid in the decision of how to distribute financial incentive funding for residential solar electric systems in order to maximize demand. Incentive funding can be used more effectively if adjusted according to the decrease in price and the increase in demand of solar electric systems. The decision of how to reduce these incentives due to changing annual funds, while increasing or even maintaining the growth of solar electric system demand, is of great interest to policymakers and public benefit funded program administrators. In order to aid in this process, a three step methodology ...


Sensor-Based Legged Robot Homing Using Range-Only Target Localization, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Omur Arslan, Avik De, Daniel E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Sensor-Based Legged Robot Homing Using Range-Only Target Localization, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Omur Arslan, Avik De, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper demonstrates a fully sensor-based reactive homing behavior on a physical quadrupedal robot, using onboard sensors, in simple (convex obstacle-cluttered) unknown, GPS-denied environments. Its implementation is enabled by our empirical success in controlling the legged machine to approximate the (abstract) unicycle mechanics assumed by the navigation algorithm, and our proposed method of range-only target localization using particle filters.

For more information: Kod*lab


Post-Disaster Supply Chain Interdependent Critical Infrastructure System Restoration: A Review Of Data Necessary And Available For Modeling, Varun Ramachandran, Suzanna Long, Tom Shoberg, Steven Corns, Hector J. Carlo 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Post-Disaster Supply Chain Interdependent Critical Infrastructure System Restoration: A Review Of Data Necessary And Available For Modeling, Varun Ramachandran, Suzanna Long, Tom Shoberg, Steven Corns, Hector J. Carlo

Suzanna Long

The majority of restoration strategies in the wake of large-scale disasters have focused on short-term emergency response solutions. Few consider medium- to long-term restoration strategies to reconnect urban areas to national supply chain interdependent critical infrastructure systems (SCICI). These SCICI promote the effective flow of goods, services, and information vital to the economic vitality of an urban environment. To re-establish the connectivity that has been broken during a disaster between the different SCICI, relationships between these systems must be identified, formulated, and added to a common framework to form a system-level restoration plan. To accomplish this goal, a considerable collection ...


What New Faculty Need To Know, But Don't Know To Ask, Susan L. Murray, Elizabeth A. Cudney, Suzanna Long, Katie Grantham Lough 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

What New Faculty Need To Know, But Don't Know To Ask, Susan L. Murray, Elizabeth A. Cudney, Suzanna Long, Katie Grantham Lough

Suzanna Long

A smooth transition to life at an academic institution and the surrounding community is essential to the professional careers of new faculty members. The transition begins during the hiring process and startup package negotiations. Once at an institution, aspects of academia including teaching, proposal writing, and the tenure process inevitably generate issues and concerns for new faculty members. Research has shown that mentoring new faculty members early in their academic career can have significant impact on professional success. This is especially true at a research-based institution where the demands of funded scholarship add an extra level of complexity. A survey ...


Modular Hopping And Running Via Parallel Composition, Avik De 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Modular Hopping And Running Via Parallel Composition, Avik De

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Though multi-functional robot hardware has been created, the complexity in its functionality has been constrained by a lack of algorithms that appropriately manage flexible and autonomous reconfiguration of interconnections to physical and behavioral components.

Raibert pioneered a paradigm for the synthesis of planar hopping using a composition of ``parts'': controlled vertical hopping, controlled forward speed, and controlled body attitude. Such reduced degree-of-freedom compositions also seem to appear in running animals across several orders of magnitude of scale. Dynamical systems theory can offer a formal representation of such reductions in terms of ``anchored templates,'' respecting which Raibert's empirical synthesis (and ...


Open Access, Open Access, How Does Your Catalog Grow? With Selection, Access, And Usage All In A Virtual Row!, David W. Schuster, Susan J. Martin 2017 Binghamton University

Open Access, Open Access, How Does Your Catalog Grow? With Selection, Access, And Usage All In A Virtual Row!, David W. Schuster, Susan J. Martin

Charleston Library Conference

Much of the open access (OA) focus and discussion has been on journals (think Glossa), but the open access monograph has come fully into its own. University and scholarly publishers are providing high-quality books, often in areas that rely on long-form scholarship. However, open access monographs presented a challenge. How do they fit into the traditional models of selection, acquisition, cataloging, and tracking usage?

In the spring of 2016, Texas Woman’s University Libraries created a simple workflow to make open access monographs accessible through the libraries’ discovery layer using Google Sheets to track the workflow and EZproxy to track ...


Technical Report On: Towards Reactive Control Of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Technical Report On: Towards Reactive Control Of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers, Jeff Duperret, D. E. Koditschek

Technical Reports (ESE)

This technical report provides proofs and calculations for the paper "Towards Reactive Control of Simplified Legged Robotics Maneuvers," as well as implementation notes and a discussion on robustness.


Profile Interview With Vincent Duffy, Apoorva Sulakhe 2017 Purdue University

Profile Interview With Vincent Duffy, Apoorva Sulakhe

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Dr. Vincent Duffy is an associate professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering at Purdue University holding a joint appointment with Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Duffy focuses on human factors engineering and ergonomic design. His interest in teaching began early when he was a teaching assistant for IE 386 at Purdue University while pursuing his master’s degree. As an industrial engineering master’s non-thesis student, Duffy realized he had a natural inclination toward teaching. This motivation, along with the support and mentorship of Ferdinand Leimkuhler, the head of the department, turned him toward the fi eld of research. He ...


Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson 2017 Purdue University

Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The courses of Tech120, CGT110, and ENGT 180/181 and Red Gold at Purdue collaborated to design a robot that would plant and water a garden for a local community charter school. The students centered the project on the users’ needs for fresh food, nutrition education, and early exposure to STEM for children. The school, Anderson Preparatory Academy (APA), is comprised of many children who come from low-income families and are in the free or reduced lunch program. Inspired from “Farm Bot,” a similar system that allows for almost hands-free gardening, the “Boiler Bot” is designed to be scalable so ...


Consumer-Adoption Modeling Of Distributed Solar Using An Agent-Based Approach, Anuj Mittal, Wanyu Huang, Caroline C. Krejci 2017 Iowa State University

Consumer-Adoption Modeling Of Distributed Solar Using An Agent-Based Approach, Anuj Mittal, Wanyu Huang, Caroline C. Krejci

Anuj Mittal

The electricity market in the U.S. is changing rapidly from a utility-scale centralized generation-distribution model to a more distributed and customer-sited energy model. Increasingly, residential consumers are showing interest in solar-based electricity, which has resulted in increased adoption of distributed solar on the rooftops of owner-occupied residences. However, limited accessibility of rooftop PV has led to equity concerns among policymakers, and utility companies face a decline in revenues as more residents adopt rooftop PV. In response to these issues, utility companies must consider providing alternative renewable energy options to their customers and incorporate consumer adoption modeling in their expansion ...


Using Emerging Open Source Technolgies To Foster Reproducability In Research, Joe Olson 2017 Illinois State University

Using Emerging Open Source Technolgies To Foster Reproducability In Research, Joe Olson

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Instances For "The Restaurant Meal Delivery Problem: Dynamic Pick-Up And Delivery With Deadlines And Random Ready Times", Marlin Ulmer, Barrett W. Thomas, Ann M. Campbell, Nicholas Woyak 2017 Technische Universitat Braunschweig

Instances For "The Restaurant Meal Delivery Problem: Dynamic Pick-Up And Delivery With Deadlines And Random Ready Times", Marlin Ulmer, Barrett W. Thomas, Ann M. Campbell, Nicholas Woyak

Tippie College of Business Publications

No abstract provided.


Utilizing Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy For Prediction Of Cognitive Workload In Noisy Work Environments, Ryan Gabbard, Mary E. Fendley, Irfaan A. Dar, Rik Warren, Nasser H. Kashou 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Utilizing Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy For Prediction Of Cognitive Workload In Noisy Work Environments, Ryan Gabbard, Mary E. Fendley, Irfaan A. Dar, Rik Warren, Nasser H. Kashou

Biomedical, Industrial & Human Factors Engineering Faculty Publications

Occupational noise frequently occurs in the work environment in military intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance operations. This impacts cognitive performance by acting as a stressor, potentially interfering with the analysts’ decision-making process. We investigated the effects of different noise stimuli on analysts’ performance and workload in anomaly detection by simulating a noisy work environment. We utilized functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to quantify oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), as well as behavioral measures, which include eye tracking, reaction time, and accuracy rate. We hypothesized that noisy environments would have a negative effect on the participant in ...


Identification Of Reverse Engineering Candidates Utilizing Machine Learning And Aircraft Cannibalization Data, Marc Banghart 2017 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Identification Of Reverse Engineering Candidates Utilizing Machine Learning And Aircraft Cannibalization Data, Marc Banghart

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

As military aircraft continue to remain in service and age, cannibalization of parts is increasing. Proactive identification of parts that are at high risk for cannibalization will inform engineering processes such as reverse engineering, thus allowing potentially reducing lead time to develop new parts. The research objective was to develop a causal structure that can be used for prediction of when cannibalization actions may occur. Bayesian networks allow encoding of causality between various descriptive features given a data set. The method utilized a tabu search algorithm, identified the underlying causal structure and the associated node probabilities. The method is then ...


Accessibility And Usability Of Government Websites In Tanzania.Pdf, Joel S. Mtebe PhD, Aron W. Kondoro 2017 University of Dar Es Salaam

Accessibility And Usability Of Government Websites In Tanzania.Pdf, Joel S. Mtebe Phd, Aron W. Kondoro

Dr. Joel S. Mtebe

The government of Tanzania has been embracing information systems specifically websites to enlarge access to government services, lower administrative costs, and to increase public participation in decision making. As a result, almost every ministry, department, and agency (MDA) has developed a unique website. However, most of existing websites were developed without sufficiently considering users’ needs which indicates that they do have some usability and accessibility problems. This study used the SortSite tool to evaluate accessibility and usability of government websites taking a sample of 22 websites. The report from the SortSite tool was then checked against the W3 WCAG accessibility ...


Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia MacAllister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson 2017 Iowa State University

Analyzing Team Training Data: Aspirations For A Gift Data Analytics Engine, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anne M. Sinatra, Anastacia Macallister, Adam Kohl, Eliot Winer, Michael C. Dorneich, Anna Slavina, Desmond Bonner, Kaitlyn M. Ouverson

Anastacia MacAllister

No abstract provided.


The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia MacAllister, Joseph Holub 2017 Iowa State University

The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub

Anastacia MacAllister

Intelligent Tutoring Systems have been useful for individual instruction and training, but have not been widely created for teams, despite the widespread use of team training and learning in groups. This paper reviews two projects that developed team tutors: the Team Multiple Errands Task (TMET) and the Recon Task developed using the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT). Specifically, this paper 1) analyzes why team tasks have significantly more complexity than an individual task, 2) describes the two team-based platforms for team research, and 3) explores the complexities of team tutor authoring. Results include a recommended process for authoring a ...


Fusing Self-Reported And Sensor Data From Mixed-Reality Training, Trevor Richardson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Joseph Holub, Frederick Thompson, Anastacia MacAllister, Rafael Radkowski, Eliot Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Fusing Self-Reported And Sensor Data From Mixed-Reality Training, Trevor Richardson, Stephen B. Gilbert, Joseph Holub, Frederick Thompson, Anastacia Macallister, Rafael Radkowski, Eliot Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

Military and industrial use of smaller, more accurate sensors are allowing increasing amounts of data to be acquired at diminishing costs during training. Traditional human subject testing often collects qualitative data from participants through self-reported questionnaires. This qualitative information is valuable but often incomplete to assess training outcomes. Quantitative information such as motion tracking data, communication frequency, and heart rate can offer the missing pieces in training outcome assessment. The successful fusion and analysis of qualitative and quantitative information sources is necessary for collaborative, mixed-reality, and augmented-reality training to reach its full potential. The challenge is determining a reliable framework ...


Creating A Team Tutor Using Gift, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anna Slavina, Michael C. Dorneich, Anne M. Sinatra, Desmond Bonner, Joan Johnston, Joseph Holub, Anastacia MacAllister, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Creating A Team Tutor Using Gift, Stephen B. Gilbert, Anna Slavina, Michael C. Dorneich, Anne M. Sinatra, Desmond Bonner, Joan Johnston, Joseph Holub, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

With the movement in education towards collaborative learning, it is becoming more important that learners be able to work together in groups and teams. Intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) have been used successfully to teach individuals, but so far only a few ITSs have been used for the purpose of training teams. This is due to the difficulty of creating such systems. An ITS for teams must be able to assess complex interactions between team members (team skills) as well as the way they interact with the system itself (task skills). Assessing team skills can be difficult because they contain social ...


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