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Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan 2024 American University in Cairo

Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Sustainable packaging has become an essential part of business decisions and corporate directions. With the rise of environmental damages due to improper waste management and unsustainable practices, businesses have a major responsibility to analyze their products’ life cycles and redesign them with sustainability in mind. Applying sustainable packaging could save companies large amounts of resources, therefore cutting costs, while also achieving the legal and social duty as a corporation towards society and the environment. Many developing countries, with specific focus on Egypt, have recently focused on legislative and corporate decisions in order to encourage more sustainable practices. Egypt’s new Waste …


Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation discusses the mobility politics of container shipping and argues that technological development, political-economic order, and social infrastructure co-produce one another. Containerization, the use of standardized containers to carry cargo across modes of transportation that is said to have revolutionized and globalized international trade since the late 1950s, has served to expand and extend the power of international coalitions of states and corporations to control the movements of commodities (shipments) and labor (seafarers). The advent and development of containerization was driven by a sociotechnical imaginary and international social contract of seamless shipping and cargo flows. In practice, this liberal, …


Development Of A High-Level Discrete Event Simulation Model For The Harvesting Of White Button Mushrooms With Human-Robot Collaboration (Hrc), Ava Recchia 2024 University of Windsor

Development Of A High-Level Discrete Event Simulation Model For The Harvesting Of White Button Mushrooms With Human-Robot Collaboration (Hrc), Ava Recchia

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Canada is a leading global mushroom producer, with the white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) being the most popular type produced. Harvesting activities are labour-intensive, and farms are currently experiencing labour shortages, which are impacting productivity, growth, and overall revenue. Robotic technologies are valid mechanisms for mushroom harvesting and demonstrate a potential to reduce this gap. Examining the performance of a harvesting system with different robotics scenarios, such as manual, robotics automation, and human robot collaboration (HRC) is crucial to realizing this potential. Simulation models are useful tools for testing and assessing systems without making any physical change to the system. …


Applying Functional Data Analysis To Estimate The Mental Workload Of The Human Driver, David OLORUNFEMI Eniyandunmo 2024 University of Windsor

Applying Functional Data Analysis To Estimate The Mental Workload Of The Human Driver, David Olorunfemi Eniyandunmo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have focused on accurately estimating mental workload using machine learning algorithms and extracting features from psycho-physiological measures. However, feature extraction leads to the loss of valuable information and often results in binary classifications that lack specificity in the identification of optimum mental workload levels. This study investigates the feasibility of using raw psycho-physiological data (EEG, facial EMG, ECG, EDA, pupillometry) combined with Functional Data Analysis (FDA) to estimate mental workload of human drivers. A driving scenario with five tasks was employed, and subjective ratings were collected using the modified Bedford workload scale. Results demonstrate that the FDA applied …


Obstacle Avoidance Motion In Mobile Robotics, Yunchao Tang, Shaojun Qi, Lixue Zhu, Xianrong Zhuo, Yunqi Zhang, Fan Meng 2024 Dongguan University of Technology, Dongguan 523419, China; Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou 510650, China

Obstacle Avoidance Motion In Mobile Robotics, Yunchao Tang, Shaojun Qi, Lixue Zhu, Xianrong Zhuo, Yunqi Zhang, Fan Meng

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: The advancement of artificial intelligence technology has significantly enhanced the utilization of mobile robots in various fields such as industry, aerospace, and agriculture. The autonomous obstacle avoidance capability of these robots is crucial to the safety and efficiency of their operations in diverse settings. Path planning, a key technology in obstacle avoidance, plays an essential role in the overall performance of these systems. This paper presents a comprehensive review of path planning technology for mobile robots, categorizing the algorithms into global planning and local obstacle avoidance according to their operational requirements. Specific focus is given to the global planning …


Intelligent Airport Crowd Management Technology Based On Digital Twin, Jinghui Zhong, Yutian Lin, Wenqiang Li, Wentong Cai 2024 School of Computer Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510000, China

Intelligent Airport Crowd Management Technology Based On Digital Twin, Jinghui Zhong, Yutian Lin, Wenqiang Li, Wentong Cai

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Given the need for intelligent emergency control and management of airport crowds, a smart control scheme for airport crowds based on digital twin is proposed. The scheme constructs an integrated crowd control system framework with four dimensions, including digital layer, modeling layer, functional layer, and application layer. It discusses and demonstrates the application effect of five important application modules. By using a data-driven crowd simulation model and intelligent optimization algorithm, the proposed scheme realizes the dynamic prediction and control optimization of the airport crowd status. The scheme can effectively improve the efficiency and intelligence level of airport crowd control …


Strategy Optimization Method Of Multi-Dimension Projection Based On Deep Reinforcement Learning, Jing An, Guangya Si, Lei Zhang 2024 Joint Logistics College, PLA National Defense University, Beijing 100858, China; Graduate School, PLA National Defense University, Beijing 100091, China; Joint Operations College, PLA National Defense University, Beijing 100091, China

Strategy Optimization Method Of Multi-Dimension Projection Based On Deep Reinforcement Learning, Jing An, Guangya Si, Lei Zhang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Based on the perfect performance of deep reinforcement learning (DRL) in strategy optimization, this paper proposes a strategy optimization method of action taking the multi-dimension projection action as the main research object. The method combines the simulation experiment method with the DRL method. After analyzing the current situation of strategy optimization research, the deep learning framework is selected according to the research problems, and a DRL multi-dimension projection strategy model based on the asynchronous advantage actor-critic (A3C) algorithm is constructed. Through simulation experiments, the interactive learning between the DRL model and the simulation of "out of the loop" is …


Multi-Uav Collaborative Trajectory Planning Algorithm For Urban Ultra-Low-Altitude Air Transportation Scenario, Jie Cheng, Yuan Zheng, Chenglong Li, Bo Jiang 2024 College of Air Traffic Management, Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Guanghan 618307, China

Multi-Uav Collaborative Trajectory Planning Algorithm For Urban Ultra-Low-Altitude Air Transportation Scenario, Jie Cheng, Yuan Zheng, Chenglong Li, Bo Jiang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: The rapid development of the drone industry has promoted the opening of low-altitude, forming a wave of ultra-low-altitude air transportation in cities sweeping over the world. However, the existing trajectory planning algorithms do not consider the division method and operating rules of the ultra-low-altitude airspace. They are not suitable for the collaborative trajectory planning of multiple UAVs in the urban ultra-low-altitude air transportation scenario, which may restrict the development of the ultra-low-altitude air transportation industry. This paper explores a multi-UAV collaborative trajectory planning method for urban ultra-low-altitude air transportation scenario based on the airspace flight altitude layer architecture. Specifically, …


Action Recognition Model Of Directed Attention Based On Cosine Similarity, Chen Li, Ming He, Chen Dong, Wei Li 2024 Command & Control Engineering College, Army Engineering University of PLA, Nanjing 210007, China

Action Recognition Model Of Directed Attention Based On Cosine Similarity, Chen Li, Ming He, Chen Dong, Wei Li

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Aiming at the lack of directionality of traditional dot product attention, this paper proposes a directed attention model (DAM) based on cosine similarity. To effectively represent the direction relationship between the spatial and temporal features of video frames, the paper defines the relationship function in the attention mechanism using the cosine similarity theory, which can remove the absolute value of the relationship between features. To reduce the computational burden of the attention mechanism, the operation is decomposed from two dimensions of time and space. The computational complexity is further optimized by combining linear attention operation. The experiment is divided …


Overall Scheme Design And Integration Testing Of Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation Of Guidance And Control System, Xiaofei Chang, Jiayue Jiao, Kang Chen, Wenxing Fu, Jie Yan 2024 Unmanned System Research Institute, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China

Overall Scheme Design And Integration Testing Of Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation Of Guidance And Control System, Xiaofei Chang, Jiayue Jiao, Kang Chen, Wenxing Fu, Jie Yan

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Hardware-in-the-loop simulation system is a complex distributed simulation system, and its design and integration directly affect the system performance and construction goals. Based on years of experience, this paper first summarizes the design of the overall scheme and analyzes the performance requirements of real-time, compatibility, scalability, and security. Then, the paper describes the overall scheme of a typical hardware-in-the-loop simulation system, including the functional hierarchy, operation mechanism, and structural composition. Finally, it summarizes the contents and steps of the system integration testing, acceptance testing, and credibility evaluation method.


Emergency Material Scheduling Based On Discrete Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm, Xiaoning Shen, Zhongpei Ge, Chengbin Yao, Liyan Song, Yufang Wang 2024 School of Automation, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Big Data Analysis Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;

Emergency Material Scheduling Based On Discrete Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm, Xiaoning Shen, Zhongpei Ge, Chengbin Yao, Liyan Song, Yufang Wang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: A mathematical model of emergency material scheduling after earthquakes is built. The model evaluates the emergency degree of each disaster area based on the disaster situation and designs a method to split the demand of the disaster area, improving the efficiency of vehicle utilization. To solve the model, this paper proposes a discrete shuffled frog leaping algorithm with multi-resource learning. The multiple information sources introduced by the proposed algorithm can expand the search direction and reduce the assimilation speed of the population in the algorithm. Second, the worst individual in each subgroup can learn the effective information in the …


Multi-View Depth Estimation Based On Adaptive Space Feature Enhancement, Dong Wei, Huan Liu, Xiaohan Zhang, Changkai Li, Tianyi Sun, Ziyou Zhang 2024 School of Information Science and Engineering, Shenyang University of Technology, Shenyang 110870, China

Multi-View Depth Estimation Based On Adaptive Space Feature Enhancement, Dong Wei, Huan Liu, Xiaohan Zhang, Changkai Li, Tianyi Sun, Ziyou Zhang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: A multi-view depth estimation algorithm based on adaptive space feature enhancement (ASFE) is presented to improve the multi-view depth estimation accuracy. A multi-scale feature extraction module composed of an improved feature pyramid network (FPN) and ASFE is designed. This module obtains multi-scale feature maps with global context-aware information and coordinate information. The residual learning network is used to optimize the depth map to prevent the problem of blurred reconstructed edges in multiple convolution operations. The proposed algorithm constructs a focal loss function through the idea of classification to enhance the prediction ability of the network model. The experimental results …


Visual Monitoring System Of Digital Twin Workshop For Process Manufacturing, Yanchao Yin, Jiasheng Feng, Bin Yi, Wang Li, Qingwen Yin 2024 Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China

Visual Monitoring System Of Digital Twin Workshop For Process Manufacturing, Yanchao Yin, Jiasheng Feng, Bin Yi, Wang Li, Qingwen Yin

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: To solve the problem of poor real-time and accuracy of process manufacturing monitoring, this paper proposes a visual monitoring system architecture of digital twin workshop based on production factor data, production process, and multi-process equipment entity object amid the rapid development of digital twin technology and increasingly close integration with the manufacturing industry. Twin modeling is conducted on multi-process coupling production line entity objects from multiple dimensions such as element, state, and operation logic. Based on key technologies of data collection and transmission of OPC UA (OLE for process control unified archiecture) unified architecture and real-time drive of the …


Reentrant Hybrid Flow Shop Scheduling Problem Based On Moma, Hongbin Qin, Chenxiao Li, Hongtao Tang, Feng Zhang 2024 School of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; Suizhou-WUT Industry Research Institute, Suizhou 441300, China

Reentrant Hybrid Flow Shop Scheduling Problem Based On Moma, Hongbin Qin, Chenxiao Li, Hongtao Tang, Feng Zhang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: For the characteristics of multi-variety, large-scale and mixed-flow production of reentrant manufacturing systems, the reentrant hybrid flow shop scheduling problem with batch processors (BPRHFSP) is constructed, and an improved multi-objective mayfly algorithm (MOMA) is proposed for BPRHFSP. Firstly, decoding rules for single-piece processing stage and batch-processing stage are proposed. Then, a reverse learning initialization strategy based on logistic chaotic mapping is designed to improve the quality of the initial solution of the algorithm, also an improved mayfly mating strategy is designed to improve the local search ability of MOMA. Finally, a VND-based mayfly movement strategy is designed based on …


A Simulation Method Based On Multi-Source Sensors For Aircraft Type Identification, Shaozhu Gu, Yuxin Ying, Huajie Zhang, Yiqi Tong 2024 Beijing Institute of Electronic System Engineering, Beijing 100854, China; 2. Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

A Simulation Method Based On Multi-Source Sensors For Aircraft Type Identification, Shaozhu Gu, Yuxin Ying, Huajie Zhang, Yiqi Tong

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Existing simulation methods for aircraft type identification mainly focus on a single sensor and a single target. They do not consider the joint acquisition of aircraft parameters by various sensor devices such as optoelectronics, radar, and electronic detection in real scenarios, leading to the simple simulation scenarios. This paper proposes a simulation platform based on multi-source sensors. Specifically, the platform includes an infrared image simulator that uses a cycleGAN network to generate infrared images of the aircraft, a flight simulator that adopts the three-degree-of-freedom flight control method to generate the movement trajectory of the aircraft, a radar simulator, that …


Combat Effectiveness Evaluation Method Of Homogeneous Cluster Equipment System Based On Rlomag+Eas, Guohui Zhang, Ang Gao, Ya'nan Zhang 2024 Department of Information and Communication, Academy of Army Armored Force, Beijing 100072, China

Combat Effectiveness Evaluation Method Of Homogeneous Cluster Equipment System Based On Rlomag+Eas, Guohui Zhang, Ang Gao, Ya'nan Zhang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: The equipment system is the reflection of the combat system from the perspective of equipment. The research on the combat effectiveness evaluation of the equipment system is of great practical significance for the optimization, construction, and development of the equipment system. Cluster equipment combat system confrontation is characterized by large-scale, highly dynamic and strong confrontation, and it is difficult to directly evaluate combat effectiveness with traditional methods. Aiming at the single task homogeneous cluster equipment system (such as UAV reconnaissance swarm and ground unmanned platform fire assault cluster), this paper regards the confrontation process of equipment system as the …


Research On Campus Epidemic Evolution Based On Multi-Scale Modeling And Simulation In Microscopic & Microscopic View, Mingwei Hu, Wenjie Yang 2024 College of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China; State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Geotechnics and Tunnelling, Shenzhen 518060, China; Key Laboratory for Resilient Infrastructures of Coastal Cities of Ministry of Education, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China; Underground Polis Academy, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China

Research On Campus Epidemic Evolution Based On Multi-Scale Modeling And Simulation In Microscopic & Microscopic View, Mingwei Hu, Wenjie Yang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: High density of population leads to high possibility of cross-infection. It is necessary to focus on campus epidemic prevention and control. Basing on existing studies in macroscopic or microscopic view, this paper proposed a multi-scale means to analyze a short-term evolution of Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on campus and estimated the efficiency of prevention strategies. Macroscopic model was based on the susceptible-exposed-infections-recovered(SEIR) model, which exported the time curve of the number of asymptomatic patients and symptomatic patients. Microscopic model combined discrete event simulation modeling and agent-based modeling to simulate the behavior of campus students and the state evolution …


Optimization On Cold Chain Distribution Routes Considering Carbon Emissions Based On Improved Ant Colony Algorithm, Huifang Bao, Jie Fang, Jinsi Zhang, Chuansheng Wang 2024 School of Electrical and Photoelectric Engineering, West Anhui University, Luan 237012, China

Optimization On Cold Chain Distribution Routes Considering Carbon Emissions Based On Improved Ant Colony Algorithm, Huifang Bao, Jie Fang, Jinsi Zhang, Chuansheng Wang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: As the comprehensive distribution cost is not considered comprehensively in the current cold chain distribution route optimization, this paper builds a path optimization model to minimize the comprehensive distribution cost. The model combines with the characteristics of fresh distribution, and comprehensively considers the transportation cost, carbon emission, refrigeration, cargo damage and time window constraints during cold chain transportation. Then, an improved ant colony algorithm is designed to solve this model. At the initial stage, the genetic algorithm is adopted to generate the initial pheromone, and then the ant colony algorithm is applied to conduct the subsequent optimization search. The …


Recursive Subspace-Based Model Refinement Method For Digital Twin Of Thermal Power Unit, Yanbo Zhao, Yuanli Cai, Huaizhong Hu 2024 School of Automation Science & Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China

Recursive Subspace-Based Model Refinement Method For Digital Twin Of Thermal Power Unit, Yanbo Zhao, Yuanli Cai, Huaizhong Hu

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Due to factors such as simplified assumptions or equipment characteristic deviation, modeling errors are inevitable in the mechanism modeling of thermal power units. To deal with the problem, this paper proposes a novel model refinement method based on recursive subspace for the digital twin of thermal power units. Firstly, the digital twin models are built based on mechanism analysis and combined with small sample data of typical conditions, ensuring interpretability and generalization performance. Secondly, based on the recursive subspace identification method, the refinement model is built and updated online in real time to compensate for the modeling error, improving …


Modeling And Analysing Of Complex Combat Systems Based On Symbiosis Theory, Xiangrui Tian, Jie Ying, Rui Yao, Xiaodong Wan 2024 College of Automation Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China

Modeling And Analysing Of Complex Combat Systems Based On Symbiosis Theory, Xiangrui Tian, Jie Ying, Rui Yao, Xiaodong Wan

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: As the combat systems develop towards clustering, coordination, unmanned, and intelligent direction, traditional combat system modeling methods are unable to reflect the complexity and intelligence of the combat systems. By drawing on symbiosis theory, this paper models and analyzes complex combat systems, and decomposes the complex combat system into various subsystems according to combat missions. The combat units, interaction modes, and combat environments in the subsystems are analyzed. The paper builds mathematical models to capture the collaborative interaction relationships between combat units, finally constructing a symbiotic model of complex combat systems. By the symbiosis principles and methods, quantitative analysis …


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