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Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

Many older cities in the United States confront the problem of long-term declines in population and economic activity resulting in blighted conditions that make conventional revitalization initiatives unlikely to succeed. Smart shrinkage, a planning approach that emphasizes alternative land uses while preserving quality of life, offers a way for cities to remain desirable places to live and work. However, there is little research on empirical methods to support planning decisions consistent with smart shrinkage.

We present results from two studies with planners from the City of Baltimore that provide novel insights regarding ways in which planners can perform vacant property ...


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew 2015 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard VanEnk 2015 Western Michigan University

Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard Vanenk

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In the United States it is currently unknown whether the influenza surveillance system is capable of producing timely and accurate data for case estimation during an outbreak of pandemic scale. This simulation provides a preliminary evaluation of the surveillance system’s ability to collect data and produce timely and accurate trends of cases confirmed with an influenza virus. For the evaluation, a computer-based simulation of the data-collection process was used, which was validated with real demographic and epidemiologic information. The results were analyzed to determine the most significant behavioral and operational factors influencing the data collection and to propose the ...


Using Data Envelopment Analysis To Evaluate Technical Training Program For Maintenance Units, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Nai-Chieh Wei, Tzu-Jou Liao, Chiung-Fen Chang and Shui-Cheung Cham 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Using Data Envelopment Analysis To Evaluate Technical Training Program For Maintenance Units, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Nai-Chieh Wei, Tzu-Jou Liao, Chiung-Fen Chang And Shui-Cheung Cham

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Applying data envelope analysis (DEA), this study focuses on the influences of objectivity and subjectivity on aircraft maintenance supervision evaluation and inspection procedure; the aim is to improve overall logistic operation and training efficiency. Moreover, the results of this analysis will be helpful for making decisions in training, management, capability and competitiveness


A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson 2015 Western Kentucky University

A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This study examines the use of one finishing electrode to finish multiple dies without remachining the electrode. The multiple-use electrode finishing experiment in this study addresses technology in the die-forging industry. Methods of manufacturing spherical straight bevel forge gear dies have relied on die-sinking Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) practices that showed great potential for advancement. The focus of this study is solely on the improvements of electrode use in EDM finishing-processes. The surface finish quality itself is not an area of concern other than maintaining that it does not diminish. The focused concern is maximizing the process by using one ...


Human Performance Engineering, Dotan I. Shvorin 2015 Clemson University

Human Performance Engineering, Dotan I. Shvorin

Dotan Shvorin

Ph.D. students are challenged to discover new ideas, invent new products or break through barriers on existing problems. As a Ph.D. student I am leading a new area of research in the STEM discipline. As an industrial engineer, I am attempting to extend the reach of engineering methods and tools traditionally applied in manufacturing and service-related settings to the area of human performance. Human Performance Engineering, IE 402 008, is a new creative inquiry class that Dr. Kevin Taaffe and I have created. The research includes many focus areas such as quality, decision making, perception, game theory, biology ...


Center For E-Design Newsletter (April 2015), Center for e-Design 2015 Iowa State University

Center For E-Design Newsletter (April 2015), Center For E-Design

Center for e-Design Newsletter

This month the newsletter features the Brigham Young University (BYU) research site, and respective industry members Boeing and Pratt & Whitney. There is much to share from the BYU site, including a new site co-Director (Dr. John Salmon), a spinoff company, and more. The new company, CAD - Alliance, is based from technology developed by multi-user technology at BYU. Both members featured, Boeing and Pratt & Whitney, are large companies with revenues in the 50 -100 billions dollar range. They have equally been very engaged in research at the BYU site and the Center for e-Design as a whole. Also, in this newsletter ...


Wasco Environmental Chamber System Manifold, Steve Mark Yatco 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Wasco Environmental Chamber System Manifold, Steve Mark Yatco

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

This report details the process of designing and producing a manifold that connects ultra-high purity (UHP) pressure and vacuum switches to an air supply so that the parts may be tested in an environmental chamber. Using the DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve, and control) methodology of problem solving, progress on the project includes thorough research about the problem, preliminary design solutions, iterative prototyping, and testing specific functionalities. Manufacturing engineering topics of tooling, fixturing, metrology, quality, and machining with manual and computer numerical control (CNC) varieties of both mills and lathes are applied during the course of the project. The report ...


Creating A User-Friendly Personal Wine Collection Inventory Management System, Peter Loddengaard 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Creating A User-Friendly Personal Wine Collection Inventory Management System, Peter Loddengaard

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

This project set out to create a user-friendly wine collection management software. Existing systems were reviewed and discussions with collectors took place to establish the user requirements for this type of inventory management system. This led to the scope of the project being narrowed to making a wine bottle entry form that was quick and easy to use. The programming language, Ruby on Rails, was used to design this system, and learning the software was a large part of the project itself. It was established that four forms would be designed using combinations of two ergonomic factors: an “F” shaped ...


The Team Multiple Errands Test: A Platform To Evaluate Distributed Teams, Jamiahus Walton, Desmond Carletus Bonner, Kelsey Walker, Samantha Mater, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert, Robert West 2015 Iowa State University

The Team Multiple Errands Test: A Platform To Evaluate Distributed Teams, Jamiahus Walton, Desmond Carletus Bonner, Kelsey Walker, Samantha Mater, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert, Robert West

Conference Proceedings and Posters

Teams have the ability to achieve goals that are unobtainable by individuals alone. However, there is little agreement on a standard model for researching the performance of distributed teams. Initial pilot results suggest that the Multiple Errands Test (MET), when adapted to a team in a virtual environment, is a platform for evaluating the impact of feedback characteristics. To demonstrate the potential of the Team MET as a platform for future team research in the broader CSCW community, an example study is described in which team members are given feedback in one of four conditions: individual private, team private, individual ...


Center For E-Design Newsletter (March 2015), Center for e-Design 2015 Iowa State University

Center For E-Design Newsletter (March 2015), Center For E-Design

Center for e-Design Newsletter

Welcome to the March Center for e-Design newsletter. We are excited about this month’s featured site and industry member. Oregon State University School of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering (MIME) is highlighted in this issue. Many exciting things are happening in their Design Engineering Lab. OregonBEST is the featured industry member. OregonBEST is a nonprofit focused on clean technology.


Compressibility Measurement And Modeling To Optimize Flow Simulation Of Vacuum Infusion Processing For Composite Materials, Paul Hannibal 2015 Brigham Young University - Provo

Compressibility Measurement And Modeling To Optimize Flow Simulation Of Vacuum Infusion Processing For Composite Materials, Paul Hannibal

All Theses and Dissertations

Out-of-autoclave manufacturing processes for composite materials are increasing in importance for aerospace and automotive industries. Vacuum Infusion processes are leading the push to move out of the autoclave. An understanding of the various process parameters associated with resin infusion is necessary to produce quality product. Variance in compaction, resin, and vacuum pressures are studied, concentrating on developing a compaction pressure profile as it relates to fiber volume fraction. The purpose of this research is twofold: (1) to show and quantify the existence of a resin pressure gradient in compression testing using rigid tooling, and (2) to use measured test data ...


Center For E-Design Newsletter (February 2015), Center for e-Design 2015 Iowa State University

Center For E-Design Newsletter (February 2015), Center For E-Design

Center for e-Design Newsletter

Iowa State University is the research site highlighted in this issue. Currently, there are six research projects at Iowa State that are funded through the Center for e-Design. These projects include supply chain analysis, rapid manufacturing, 3D interface devices, obsolescence, and virtual reality. Caterpillar is the industry member featured.


Nasa Human Exploration Rover Challenge, Gabriella E. Fortes, Zach Henney, Mo Sabliny, Johnnie Perry, Jessica Chow, Jessica Turcios, Aaron Taylor, Brenda Haven 2015 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott

Nasa Human Exploration Rover Challenge, Gabriella E. Fortes, Zach Henney, Mo Sabliny, Johnnie Perry, Jessica Chow, Jessica Turcios, Aaron Taylor, Brenda Haven

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

NASA's Human Exploration Rover Challenge, held annually in at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is an engineering design challenge that asks teams of student engineers to design a human-powered vehicle capable of traversing a simulated lunar surface. The rover must be able to be transported in a 5x5x5 foot cube, echoing the design constraint faced by the engineers who built the Lunar Roving Vehicles used by the astronauts of the later Apollo missions.


Citations Of Publications, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Citations Of Publications, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley

Jeffrey Keisler

Project management decision rules presume that fixed and inflexible targets have been defined for the project. If a project's slack is defined as the difference between actual project performance and these targets, then these decision rules can be characterized as maximizing the probability that slack is non-negative (i.e., maximizing the probability of meeting the targets). These rules rely on z-scores to compare uncertain performance to target levels. Following these decision rules will not always suffice for the project manager to act consistently with customer preferences. In particular, actual requirements may be uncertain or subject to change, and customers ...


Characterizing Navigational Tools In A Virtual Search Task, Austin Riggs 2015 Clemson University

Characterizing Navigational Tools In A Virtual Search Task, Austin Riggs

All Theses

The goal of this thesis is to characterize and empirically compare navigational tools in the context of a virtual inspection task. The framework considers both directional-cue navigational tools (e.g., GPS navigation arrows) and trail navigational tools (e.g.,footprints) in comparison to a control condition. Characterizing the tools allows for documented relationships between specific navigational tool-performance combinations. It is intended that by characterizing and comparing the tools a more advantageous use of navigational tools will emerge to increase the benefit provided to both the users and implementers of virtual environments. The focus of the metrics in the paper were ...


Studies Of Imbalance Difference Theory In Modeling Conversion Between Differential Mode And Common Mode Signals, Li Niu 2015 Clemson University

Studies Of Imbalance Difference Theory In Modeling Conversion Between Differential Mode And Common Mode Signals, Li Niu

All Dissertations

This dissertation describes three related studies regarding the imbalance difference theory in modeling the conversion between differential mode and common mode/antenna mode signals. The topics covered are: rigorous derivation of imbalance difference theory for modeling radiated emission problems, modeling the conversion between differential mode and common mode propagation in transmission lines, and modeling the loading impedance on differential mode signals due to radiated emissions. The imbalance difference theory describes a method for calculating the coupling between differential mode signals and common mode signals due to changes in electrical balance on a transmission line. It provides both physical insight and ...


A Comprehensive Assessment Methodology Based On Life Cycle Analysis For On-Board Photovoltaic Solar Modules In Vehicles, Mahmoud Abdelhamid 2015 Clemson University

A Comprehensive Assessment Methodology Based On Life Cycle Analysis For On-Board Photovoltaic Solar Modules In Vehicles, Mahmoud Abdelhamid

All Dissertations

This dissertation presents a novel comprehensive assessment methodology for using on-board photovoltaic (PV) solar technologies in vehicle applications. A well-to-wheels life cycle analysis based on a unique energy, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission, and economic perspective is carried out in the context of meeting corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards through 2025 along with providing an alternative energy path for the purpose of sustainable transportation. The study includes 14 different vehicles, 3 different travel patterns, in 12 U.S. states and 16 nations using 19 different cost analysis scenarios for determining the challenges and benefits of using on-board photovoltaic (PV) solar ...


Clinical Significance Of Response Shift In A Spine Interventional Clinical Trial, Robin Carlson 2015 Walden University

Clinical Significance Of Response Shift In A Spine Interventional Clinical Trial, Robin Carlson

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The effectiveness of treatments for degenerative spine conditions, where the primary symptom is back pain, is typically determined using patient-reported quality of life (QoL) measures. However, patients may adjust their internal standards when scoring QoL based on factors other than their health. This response shift phenomenon could confound the interpretation of study data and impact effectiveness conclusions. In the current study, response shift was examined using structural equation modeling (SEM) and previously collected clinical trial data comparing 2 minimally invasive medical devices in lumbar spinal stenosis patients through 1 year postintervention. In subject QoL results, reprioritization shift between 3 months ...


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