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Ultrahard Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride Composite Through Hybrid Laser/Waterjet Heat (Lwh) Treatment, Jingnan Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya 2018 Iowa State University

Ultrahard Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride Composite Through Hybrid Laser/Waterjet Heat (Lwh) Treatment, Jingnan Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya

Pranav Shrotriya

Ultra-hard materials that are chemically inert and thermally stable at high temperatures are desirable for enhancing machining and wear performance in demanding chemical and thermal environments. Single and polycrystalline diamonds are the hardest tool materials; however, at high temperatures, diamond reacts with ferrous alloys, losing its chemical inertness and thermal stability. In contrast, cubic boron nitride (cBN) has exceptional chemical and thermal stability but has much lower hardness (35-45 GPa). Increasing the hardness of BN is expected to fill the property gap in state-of-the-art tool materials as shown and to generate huge industrial interest for meeting the stringent design requirements ...


A Nonconvex Splitting Method For Symmetric Nonnegative Matrix Factorization: Convergence Analysis And Optimality, Songtao Lu, Mingyi Hong, Zhengdao Wang 2018 Iowa State University

A Nonconvex Splitting Method For Symmetric Nonnegative Matrix Factorization: Convergence Analysis And Optimality, Songtao Lu, Mingyi Hong, Zhengdao Wang

Zhengdao Wang

Symmetric nonnegative matrix factorization (SymNMF) has important applications in data analytics problems such as document clustering, community detection, and image segmentation. In this paper, we propose a novel nonconvex variable splitting method for solving SymNMF. The proposed algorithm is guaranteed to converge to the set of Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) points of the nonconvex SymNMF problem. Furthermore, it achieves a global sublinear convergence rate. We also show that the algorithm can be efficiently implemented in parallel. Further, sufficient conditions are provided that guarantee the global and local optimality of the obtained solutions. Extensive numerical results performed on both synthetic and real datasets ...


Smart Travel, Apoorva Sulakhe 2018 Purdue University

Smart Travel, Apoorva Sulakhe

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Partnerships for Purpose; March 1, 2017

The purpose of this poster is to further explore the idea of a “SMART” travel app. To design an app that is self-monitoring, that could analyze data and present the best travel options for customers in terms of available providers, price and time. Not only should the app be beneficial to customers but it should also be beneficial to providers. Through a series of analysis, questionnaires and eye tracking experiments our team was able to design an app that will provide customers with the information needed to make a well-informed decision on how to travel from point A to B ...


Managing Strategic Intellectual Property Assets In The Fuzzy Front End Of New Product Development Process, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim 2018 Portland State University

Managing Strategic Intellectual Property Assets In The Fuzzy Front End Of New Product Development Process, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim

Joseph Cho

The strategic use of intellectual property (IP) is crucial for technology-based companies to gain competitive advantage. The recent transformation of the US patent system brings new challenges and opportunities in this arena. In this regard, this study attempts to identify techniques which can help with IP evaluation and selection in the fuzzy front end (FFE) of new product development (NPD) process. This study combines data collection methods such as mining the literature, conducting in-depth interviews, surveying questionnaires, and analyzing cases. This research serves as an analysis of modern literature and identifies a multi-criteria weighted scoring model that can be employed ...


An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan 2018 Selected Works

An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Ronald Greenberg

A performance model for wormhole routed interconnection networks is presented and applied to the butterfly fat-tree network. Experimental results agree very closely over a wide range of load rate. Novel aspects of the model, leading to accurate and simple performance predictions, include (1) use of multiple-server queues, and (2) a general method of correcting queuing results based on Poisson arrivals to apply to wormhole routing. These ideas can also be applied to other networks.


The Hurwicz Decision Rule’S Relationship To Decision Making With The Triangle And Beta Distributions And Exponential Utility, Sarat Sivaprasad, Cameron A. MacKenzie 2018 Iowa State University

The Hurwicz Decision Rule’S Relationship To Decision Making With The Triangle And Beta Distributions And Exponential Utility, Sarat Sivaprasad, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Cameron A. MacKenzie

Non-probabilistic approaches to decision making have been proposed for situations in which an individual does not have enough information to assess probabilities over an uncertainty. One non-probabilistic method is to use intervals in which an uncertainty has a minimum and maximum but nothing is assumed about the relative likelihood of any value within the interval. The Hurwicz decision rule in which a parameter trades off between pessimism and optimism generalizes the current rules for making decisions with intervals. This article analyzes the relationship between intervals based on the Hurwicz rule and traditional decision analysis using a few probability distributions and ...


Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey

Publications

With technological breakthroughs in miniaturized aircraft-related components, including but not limited to communications, computer systems and sensors, state-of-the-art unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have become a reality. This fast-growing industry is anticipating and responding to a myriad of societal applications that will provide new and more cost-effective solutions that previous technologies could not, or will replace activities that involved humans in flight with associated risks.

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has a long history of aviation-related research and education, and is heavily engaged in UAS activities. This document provides a summary of these activities, and is divided into two parts. The first part ...


Moving Toward The Automation Of The Systematic Review Process: A Summary Of Discussions At The Second Meeting Of International Collaboration For The Automation Of Systematic Reviews (Icasr), Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer, Mary S. Wolfe 2018 Iowa State University

Moving Toward The Automation Of The Systematic Review Process: A Summary Of Discussions At The Second Meeting Of International Collaboration For The Automation Of Systematic Reviews (Icasr), Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer, Mary S. Wolfe

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The second meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 3–4 October 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose aim is to maximize the use of technology for conducting rapid, accurate, and efficient systematic reviews of scientific evidence. Having automated tools for systematic review should enable more transparent and timely review, maximizing the potential for identifying and translating research findings to practical application. The meeting brought together multiple stakeholder groups including users of summarized research, methodologists who explore production processes and systematic review quality, and technologists such as software developers ...


The Hurwicz Decision Rule’S Relationship To Decision Making With The Triangle And Beta Distributions And Exponential Utility, Sarat Sivaprasad, Cameron A. MacKenzie 2018 Iowa State University

The Hurwicz Decision Rule’S Relationship To Decision Making With The Triangle And Beta Distributions And Exponential Utility, Sarat Sivaprasad, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Non-probabilistic approaches to decision making have been proposed for situations in which an individual does not have enough information to assess probabilities over an uncertainty. One non-probabilistic method is to use intervals in which an uncertainty has a minimum and maximum but nothing is assumed about the relative likelihood of any value within the interval. The Hurwicz decision rule in which a parameter trades off between pessimism and optimism generalizes the current rules for making decisions with intervals. This article analyzes the relationship between intervals based on the Hurwicz rule and traditional decision analysis using a few probability distributions and ...


What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau 2017 University of Hull

What Is Community Operational Research?, Gerald Midgley, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued that Community OR cannot be defined by its clients, practitioners or methods, we argue that the common concern of all Community OR practice is the meaningful engagement of communities, whatever form that may take – and the legitimacy of different forms of engagement may be open to debate. We then move on to discuss four other controversies that have ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Structuring Financial Incentives For Residential Solar Electric Systems, Kevin C. van Blommestein, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim, Paul Sklar 2017 Portland State University

Structuring Financial Incentives For Residential Solar Electric Systems, Kevin C. Van Blommestein, Yonghee Cho, Tugrul U. Daim, Paul Sklar

Joseph Cho

This paper introduces a simple methodology to aid in the decision of how to distribute financial incentive funding for residential solar electric systems in order to maximize demand. Incentive funding can be used more effectively if adjusted according to the decrease in price and the increase in demand of solar electric systems. The decision of how to reduce these incentives due to changing annual funds, while increasing or even maintaining the growth of solar electric system demand, is of great interest to policymakers and public benefit funded program administrators. In order to aid in this process, a three step methodology ...


A Natural User Interface For Immersive Design Review, Anastacia MacAllister, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

A Natural User Interface For Immersive Design Review, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

As markets demand engineered products faster, waiting on the cyclical design processes of the past is not an option. Instead, industry is turning to concurrent design and interdisciplinary teams. When these teams collaborate, engineering CAD tools play a vital role in conceptualizing and validating designs. These tools require significant user investment to master, due to challenging interfaces and an overabundance of features. These challenges often prohibit team members from using these tools for exploring alternatives. This paper presents a method allowing users to interact with a design using intuitive gestures and head tracking, all while keeping the model in a ...


Implementing Native Support For Oculus And Leap Motion In A Commercial Engineering Visualization And Analysis Platform, Anastacia MacAllister, Eliot H. Winer 2017 Iowa State University

Implementing Native Support For Oculus And Leap Motion In A Commercial Engineering Visualization And Analysis Platform, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer

Anastacia MacAllister

While previous research in academia points to the ability of Natural User Interfaces (NUIs) and low-cost display devices to help users better understand a design, there does not exist much research on how these devices can be integrated into existing legacy code used by engineering and design firms. The lack of commercial engineering software that integrates NUIs and low-cost display devices, like the Oculus Rift, can be attributed to the fast changing device market and the lack of awareness many engineering software makers show in emerging interaction paradigms. The lack of work in the area of integrating low-cost immersion devices ...


Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab 2017 Iowa State University

Agricultural Worker Injury Comparative Risk Assessment Methodology: Assessing Corn And Biofuel Switchgrass Production Systems, Gretchen A. Mosher, Saxon J. Ryan, Charles V. Schwab

Charles V. Schwab

Keeping workers safe is a continuing challenge in agricultural production. Risk assessment methodologies have been used widely in other industries to better understand systems and enhance decision making, yet their use in production agriculture has been limited. This article describes the considerations and the approach taken to measure the difference in worker injury risks between two agricultural production systems. A model was developed specifically for the comparison of worker injury risk between corn and biofuel switchgrass production systems. The model is composed of injury and exposure values that were used in a Monte Carlo simulation. The output of this risk ...


Sensor-Based Legged Robot Homing Using Range-Only Target Localization, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Omur Arslan, Avik De, Daniel E. Koditschek 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Sensor-Based Legged Robot Homing Using Range-Only Target Localization, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Omur Arslan, Avik De, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper demonstrates a fully sensor-based reactive homing behavior on a physical quadrupedal robot, using onboard sensors, in simple (convex obstacle-cluttered) unknown, GPS-denied environments. Its implementation is enabled by our empirical success in controlling the legged machine to approximate the (abstract) unicycle mechanics assumed by the navigation algorithm, and our proposed method of range-only target localization using particle filters.

For more information: Kod*lab


An Analysis Of The Size And Impact Of Digital Footprints, Whitney Nielsen Maxwell 2017 Brigham Young University

An Analysis Of The Size And Impact Of Digital Footprints, Whitney Nielsen Maxwell

All Theses and Dissertations

Personal information available online is known as a digital footprint. While many have a digital footprint, few if any, know what it encapsulates or how to control it. Technology and personal information are becoming more intertwined as technology becomes more integrated with everyday activities. Personal information can be defined as details that apply to a person such as race or shopping habits. Shopping habits are considered personal information by many corporations who spend money to track, or even predict purchases of individuals, whereas more traditional forms of personal information are details like gender, birthdate, and home town. With a wide ...


Policy Gradient With Value Function Approximation For Collective Multiagent Planning, Duc Thien NGUYEN, Akshat KUMAR, Hoong Chuin LAU 2017 Singapore Management University

Policy Gradient With Value Function Approximation For Collective Multiagent Planning, Duc Thien Nguyen, Akshat Kumar, Hoong Chuin Lau

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Decentralized (PO)MDPs provide an expressive framework for sequential decision making in a multiagent system. Given their computational complexity, recent research has focused on tractable yet practical subclasses of Dec-POMDPs. We address such a subclass called CDec-POMDP where the collective behavior of a population of agents affects the joint-reward and environment dynamics. Our main contribution is an actor-critic (AC) reinforcement learning method for optimizing CDec-POMDP policies. Vanilla AC has slow convergence for larger problems. To address this, we show how a particular decomposition of the approximate action-value function over agents leads to effective updates, and also derive a new way ...


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