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Developing An Optimal Model For Infant Home Visitation, Isaac Atuahene 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Developing An Optimal Model For Infant Home Visitation, Isaac Atuahene

Doctoral Dissertations

The United States, Great Britain, Denmark, Canada and many other countries have accepted home visitation (HV) as a promising strategy for interventions for infants after births and for their mothers. Prior HV studies have focused on theoretical foundations, evaluations of programs, cost/benefit analysis and cost estimation by using hospital/payer/insurance data to prove its effectiveness and high cost. As governments and private organizations continue to fund HVs, it is an opportune time to develop and formulate operations research (OR) models of HV coverage, quality and cost so they might be used in program implementation as done for adult ...


Requirements For A Computer Code System For The Development And Maintenance Of Target Sets, Christopher Chwasz 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Requirements For A Computer Code System For The Development And Maintenance Of Target Sets, Christopher Chwasz

Masters Theses

In the field of commercial nuclear reactor security, the concept of target sets has matured since its invention in the late 1980s and early 1990s to the codification of target set regulations by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2009 and publishing of official guidance in 2010. Target sets have evolved into a complex and useful tool to develop and test a protective strategy. By their definition, target sets are the “minimum combination of equipment or operator actions which, if all are prevented from performing their intended safety function or prevented from being accomplished, would likely result in significant ...


Topsis As A Method To Populate Risk Matrix Axes, Christian Salmon, Mohammadsadegh Mobin, Afshan Roshani 2015 Western New England UniversityWestern New England University

Topsis As A Method To Populate Risk Matrix Axes, Christian Salmon, Mohammadsadegh Mobin, Afshan Roshani

Mohammadsadegh Mobin

This research utilizes TOPSIS (a Multi-Criteria ranking methodology) to populate the axes of a risk matrix when modeling risk exposure onboard commercial fishing vessels with the intent to identify mitigating interventions in low risk settings for possible transfer to high risk settings. The specific hazard of interest is the release of refrigerants into confined spaces onboard commercial fishing vessels. The metrics of risk are: 1) expectation that refrigerants are released onboard vessels, and 2) consequence of releases that have occurred. To model expectation: data were collected on the United States’ commercial fisheries, including location and number of participating vessels. These ...


An Assessment Of The Performances Of Several Univariate Tests Of Normality, James Olusegun Adefisoye 2015 Florida International University

An Assessment Of The Performances Of Several Univariate Tests Of Normality, James Olusegun Adefisoye

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The importance of checking the normality assumption in most statistical procedures especially parametric tests cannot be over emphasized as the validity of the inferences drawn from such procedures usually depend on the validity of this assumption. Numerous methods have been proposed by different authors over the years, some popular and frequently used, others, not so much. This study addresses the performance of eighteen of the available tests for different sample sizes, significance levels, and for a number of symmetric and asymmetric distributions by conducting a Monte-Carlo simulation. The results showed that considerable power is not achieved for symmetric distributions when ...


Risk Management In Motorway Ppp Projects: Empirical-Based Guidelines, Nunzia Carbonara, Nicola Costantino, Louis Gunnigan, Roberta Pellegrino 2015 Polytechnic of Bari

Risk Management In Motorway Ppp Projects: Empirical-Based Guidelines, Nunzia Carbonara, Nicola Costantino, Louis Gunnigan, Roberta Pellegrino

Articles

This paper deals with the topic of risk management in Public–Private Partnership (PPP). The analysis of the related literature reveals that risks must be analyzed and managed on a context-specific approach, and that there is a lack of a comprehensive study on the appropriate risk mitigation strategies for each risk embedded in PPP projects. Focusing on the transport sector, based on the results of a Delphi survey, the paper provides guidelines for both public and private parties in defining a list of significant risks in PPP motorway projects, and identifying for them both the effective allocation and the suitable ...


Third Party Airport Crash Risk Model For Non-Towered Airports, Christian Salmon 2015 Western New England University

Third Party Airport Crash Risk Model For Non-Towered Airports, Christian Salmon

Aviation / Aeronautics / Aerospace International Research Conference

This research leverages the objective accident data record towards an individual and societal 3rd party “external” airport risk model for aircraft operations that crash while operating at non-towered airports.

Small aircraft, specifically Part 91, operating at non-towered airports have a crash rate estimated at 10-fold that of commercial operations. Given the nature of the typically non-towered airport, situated in close physical proximity with residential structures, this exposes residents to substantive risk of injury and death due to aircraft crashing.

A 3rd party risk model that maps risk of injury, death and percent structural damage will enable informed decisions ...


Applying Probabilistic Methods To The Nato Military Load Classification System For Bridges, Andrew J. MacDonald 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Applying Probabilistic Methods To The Nato Military Load Classification System For Bridges, Andrew J. Macdonald

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Military vehicles frequently use civilian bridges. The loading effects of military vehicles, both wheeled and tracked, are specific and different than those of civilian vehicles in normal traffic. Calibration to determine appropriate load factors for military loading of civilian bridges has not been fully performed and the corresponding levels of safety have not been quantified. This lack of calibration prevents the implementation of limit state design methods for military bridges and the evaluation bridges for military loading. This thesis quantifies probabilistically the single lane traffic load effects on interior girders of simply supported slab-on-girder bridges for three military vehicles in ...


Plutonium Worlds. Fast Breeders, Systems Analysis And Computer Simulation In The Age Of Hypotheticality, Sebastian Vehlken 2014 Leuphana University Lüneburg

Plutonium Worlds. Fast Breeders, Systems Analysis And Computer Simulation In The Age Of Hypotheticality, Sebastian Vehlken

communication +1

This article examines the media history of one of the hallmark civil nuclear energy programs in Western Germany – the development of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) technology. Promoted as a kind of perpetuum mobile of the Atomic Age, the "German Manhattan Project" not only imported big science thinking. In its context, nuclear technology was also put forth as an avantgarde of scientific inquiry, dealing with the most complex and 'critical' technological endeavors. In the face of the risks of nuclear technology, German physicist Wolf Häfele thus announced a novel epistemology of
"hypotheticality". In a context where traditional experimental engineering ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Blast Wave Transmission Through A Surrogate Head, Yi Hua, Praveen Akula, Linxia Gu, Jeff Berg, Carl A. Nelson 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Blast Wave Transmission Through A Surrogate Head, Yi Hua, Praveen Akula, Linxia Gu, Jeff Berg, Carl A. Nelson

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

This work is to develop an experiment-validated numerical model to elucidate the wave transmission mechanisms through a surrogate head under blast loading. Repeated shock tube tests were conducted on a surrogate head, i.e., water-filled polycarbonate shell. Surface strain on the skull simulant and pressure inside the brain simulant were recorded at multiple locations. A numerical model was developed to capture the shock wave propagation within the shock tube and the fluid-structure interaction between the shock wave and the surrogate head. The obtained numerical results were compared with the experimental measurements. The experiment-validated numerical model was then used to further ...


Cooperative Construction In Schools In California, John Mauck Donley 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Cooperative Construction In Schools In California, John Mauck Donley

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Cooperative Construction in Schools in California

John M. Donley

The construction industry has lost efficiency since 1964, while becoming increasingly more litigious. Schools in California can ill afford the time to allow the construction industry time to fully evolve. It may take years or decades to fully improve the efficiency of, and reduce the conflict within the construction industry.

At the same time, the construction industry has developed new processes to improve efficiency and reduce conflict. These processes are beginning to be broadly embraced by the industry. They all contain cooperative elements. Taken together they represent a new organizing principle ...


Risk A Lot Or Risk Averse? Studies From The Southbank Ppp, Norman Jagger 2014 Bond University

Risk A Lot Or Risk Averse? Studies From The Southbank Ppp, Norman Jagger

Public Infrastructure Bulletin

In the late 1990s the Queensland Government announced its first Public Private Partnership (PPP) contract. No Queensland public sector agency had PPP experience and the search for a suitable project that would test the new Queensland PPP policy evoked disparate expectations within government and within the private sector. The subsequent debate was long, arduous and highly charged on issues of ideology, government business and risk.

The Government accepted the business case for the redevelopment of the Southbank Education and Training Precinct (SETP) and nominated Southbank Institute of TAFE (SBIT) as the public sector agency to lead the procurement of the ...


Traffic Risk In The Australian Toll Road Sector, John Black 2014 Bond University

Traffic Risk In The Australian Toll Road Sector, John Black

Public Infrastructure Bulletin

The article seeks to provide an answer to question about the role of the state in infrastructure planning and delivery and why have Australian state governments been keen to embrace the PPP model of procurement for roads, bridges and tunnels. A contemporary issue is the accuracy of the traffic forecasts on toll roads procured by governments with the PPP model. The “traffic forecasters” in Australia are identified and the broad order of magnitude are the accuracies of their forecasts on projected traffic for toll facilities compared with the actual opening traffic are analysed. Performance is poor (on average, traffic is ...


The Study Of Safety Governance For Service Robots: On Open-Texture Risk, Yueh-Hsuan Weng 2014 Peking University Law School

The Study Of Safety Governance For Service Robots: On Open-Texture Risk, Yueh-Hsuan Weng

Yueh-Hsuan Weng

The emergence of steam and microelectrical machines in society gradually expanded since the era of the Industrial Revolution. Up until now, human beings have already co-existed with these machines for more than two centuries, and contemporary laws have developed preventional regulatory frameworks. These frameworks are based on risk assessments to supervise the safety of microelectrical machines which include automobiles, railway systems, elevators and industrial robots, etc. Regulators, especially South Korea and Japan expect human-robot co-existence societies to emerge within the next decade. These next generation robots will be capable of adapting to complex, unstructured environments and interact with humans to ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations 2014-current

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Development Of Test-Based Wind-Driven Rain Intrusion Model For Hurricane-Induced Building Interior And Contents Damage, Thomas Baheru 2014 Florida International University

Development Of Test-Based Wind-Driven Rain Intrusion Model For Hurricane-Induced Building Interior And Contents Damage, Thomas Baheru

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Major portion of hurricane-induced economic loss originates from damages to building structures. The damages on building structures are typically grouped into three main categories: exterior, interior, and contents damage. Although the latter two types of damages, in most cases, cause more than 50% of the total loss, little has been done to investigate the physical damage process and unveil the interdependence of interior damage parameters. Building interior and contents damages are mainly due to wind-driven rain (WDR) intrusion through building envelope defects, breaches, and other functional openings. The limitation of research works and subsequent knowledge gaps, are in most part ...


Development Of Safety Standards For Cubesat Propulsion Systems, Liam Jon Cheney 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Development Of Safety Standards For Cubesat Propulsion Systems, Liam Jon Cheney

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The CubeSat community has begun to develop and implement propulsion systems. This movement represents a new capability which may satisfy mission needs such as orbital and constellation maintenance, formation flight, de-orbit, and even interplanetary travel. With the freedom and capability granted by propulsion systems, CubeSat providers must accept new responsibilities in proportion to the potential hazards that propulsion systems may present.

The Cal Poly CubeSat program publishes and maintains the CubeSat Design Specification (CDS). They wish to help the CubeSat community to safety and responsibly expand its capabilities to include propulsive designs. For this reason, the author embarked on the ...


Cyber Intelligence Operations: More Than Just 1s & 0s, Randy Borum, John Felker, Sean Kern 2014 University of South Florida

Cyber Intelligence Operations: More Than Just 1s & 0s, Randy Borum, John Felker, Sean Kern

Randy Borum

Today’s Coast Guard relies heavily on digital information and communication technologies. In fact, every aspect of Coast Guard operations and support relies upon network resources for function, sorting, analysis, storage, and communication. Cyber threats are often regarded as technical challenges. It is easy to forget that there are people behind the keyboards. Individual actors and groups have intentions, motivations, objectives, knowledge, and capabilities.


La Información A Los Consumidores Sobre La Ausencia O La Presencia Reducida De Gluten En Los Alimentos: El Reglamento De Ejecución (Ue) Nº 828/2014 De La Comisión, Luis González Vaqué 2014 Ex-Consejero de la Comisión Europea

La Información A Los Consumidores Sobre La Ausencia O La Presencia Reducida De Gluten En Los Alimentos: El Reglamento De Ejecución (Ue) Nº 828/2014 De La Comisión, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

The Commission adopted on 30 July 2014 the Implementing Regulation (EU) No 828/2014 on the requirements for the provision of information to consumers on the absence or reduced presence of gluten in food. Information on the presence of gluten in food should help people intolerant to gluten to identify and choose a varied diet when eating inside or outside the home. Wheat, rye and barley have been identified as grains that are scientifically reported to contain gluten. The gluten present in those grains can cause adverse health effects to people with coeliac disease and therefore its consumption should be ...


Global Response For Capacity Building Of Disaster Preparedness: A Tiems Initiative, Kåre H. Drager, Thomas V. Robertson 2014 The International Emergency Management Society

Global Response For Capacity Building Of Disaster Preparedness: A Tiems Initiative, Kåre H. Drager, Thomas V. Robertson

International Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2) Conference

At the end of 2013, the devastating consequences of the Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines on November 8, 2013, were exposed worldwide through intensive media coverage. The death toll reached more than 6,000 people, and around one million people were displaced and in desperate need of help and support. The international community queued up to offer support and help and showed that worldwide solidarity works when we know our “brothers and sisters” are in desperate need of help. But how can this international community, eager to respond when disaster strikes, better help before disasters strike? Vulnerable areas in ...


Data Preparation For Validation Study Of Hazus Canada Flood Model, Heather McGrath, Emmanual Stefanakis, M McCarthy, Miroslav Nastev 2014 University of New Brunswick

Data Preparation For Validation Study Of Hazus Canada Flood Model, Heather Mcgrath, Emmanual Stefanakis, M Mccarthy, Miroslav Nastev

International Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2) Conference

As our climate changes, the occurrence of extreme weather events and heavier rainfall becomes more common. This change in weather patterns and precipitation results in a greater number of recorded flood events and a larger magnitude of flood events. Canadian municipalities are therefore facing a pressing demand to perform hazard assessments to identify communities at risk and measure potential economic and societal losses due to flood events. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) developed a standardized tool, Hazus-MH, for loss estimation from natural disasters for use in the US. Recently, Hazus has been adapted for use in Canada. This paper introduces ...


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