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Multidisciplinary Education And Research In Biomathematics For Solving Global Challenges, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer 2019 Illinois State University

Multidisciplinary Education And Research In Biomathematics For Solving Global Challenges, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Hydrodeoxygenation Of Pinyon-Juniper Catalytic Pyrolysis Oil, Hossein Jahromi 2019 Utah State University

Hydrodeoxygenation Of Pinyon-Juniper Catalytic Pyrolysis Oil, Hossein Jahromi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO), is an effective process to convert oxygenated compounds to hydrocarbons. This process is widely used for improving the negative properties of biomass-derived pyrolysis oils (bio-oils) such as high acidity, poor stability, and low heating value. During this process oxygen is removed from the bio-oil in the form of water, thus the liquid product of HDO process consists of aqueous phase and hydrocarbon phase that can be easily separated. Synthesis of efficient HDO catalyst has been a major challenge in the field of bio-oil upgrading. Red mud, which is an alkaline waste from alumina industry was used to ...


Stability Analysis Of A More General Class Of Systems With Delay-Dependent Coefficients, Chi Jin, Keqin Gu, Islam Boussaada, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu 2019 Laboratoire des Signaux et Syst`emes (L2S) CentraleSup´elec-CNRS-Universit´e Paris Sud, 3 rue Joliot- Curie 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.

Stability Analysis Of A More General Class Of Systems With Delay-Dependent Coefficients, Chi Jin, Keqin Gu, Islam Boussaada, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper presents a systematic method to analyse the stability of systems with single delay in which the coefficient polynomials of the characteristic equation depend on the delay. Such systems often arise in, for example, life science and engineering systems. A method to analyze such systems was presented by Beretta and Kuang in a 2002 paper, but with some very restrictive assumptions. This work extends their results to the general case with the exception of some degenerate cases. It is found that a much richer behavior is possible when the restrictive assumptions are removed. The interval of interest for the ...


(Poster) Design And Fabrication Of A Custom Wrist Orthosis For Enhanced Patient Comfort, Marko Tasic, Matthew Hansen, Mang Lian, Demetre Mitchell, Rashedul Sarker, Renny Fernandez, Erin Peterson, Joseph Herzog, David Olawale, Najmus Saqib 2019 University of Indianapolis

(Poster) Design And Fabrication Of A Custom Wrist Orthosis For Enhanced Patient Comfort, Marko Tasic, Matthew Hansen, Mang Lian, Demetre Mitchell, Rashedul Sarker, Renny Fernandez, Erin Peterson, Joseph Herzog, David Olawale, Najmus Saqib

ASEE IL-IN Section Conference

This custom wrist orthosis project is the continuation of efforts made by students in the R.B Annis School of Engineering during the 2017-2018 academic year. Throughout this project, we have implemented the Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) methodology to guide the design process. Within the R.B. Annis School of Engineering, this methodology has been adapted into guide the DesignSpine process. We have designed a new orthosis that is custom fabricated for enhanced patient comfort. In the occupational therapy field, patients have reportedly not been wearing their prescribed orthoses/braces, which are designed to stabilize injured areas so that ...


Design And Synthesis Of Multivalent Α-1,2-Trimannose-Linked Bioerodible Microparticles For Applications In Immune Response Studies Of Leishmania Major Infection, Chelsea L. Rintelmann, Tara Grinnage-Pulley, Kathleen Ross, Daniel E. K. Kabotso, Angela Toepp, Anne Cowell, Christine Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan, Nicola Pohl 2019 Indiana University - Bloomington

Design And Synthesis Of Multivalent Α-1,2-Trimannose-Linked Bioerodible Microparticles For Applications In Immune Response Studies Of Leishmania Major Infection, Chelsea L. Rintelmann, Tara Grinnage-Pulley, Kathleen Ross, Daniel E. K. Kabotso, Angela Toepp, Anne Cowell, Christine Petersen, Balaji Narasimhan, Nicola Pohl

Balaji Narasimhan

Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, currently infects approximately 12 million people worldwide with 1 to 2 million new cases each year in predominantly underdeveloped countries. The treatment of the disease is severely underdeveloped due to the ability of the Leishmania pathogen to evade and abate immune responses. In an effort to develop anti-leishmaniasis vaccines and adjuvants, novel carbohydrate-based probes were made to study the mechanisms of immune modulation. In this study, a new bioerodible polyanhydride microparticle was designed and conjugated with a glycodendrimer molecular probe. This molecular probe incorporates a pathogen-like multivalent display of α-1,2-trimannose, for which a more ...


Assessing Data Management Support Needs Of Bioengineering And Biomedical Research Faculty, Christie A. Wiley, Margaret H. Burnette 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assessing Data Management Support Needs Of Bioengineering And Biomedical Research Faculty, Christie A. Wiley, Margaret H. Burnette

Journal of eScience Librarianship

Objectives: This study explores data management knowledge, attitudes, and practices of bioengineering and biomedical researchers in the context of the National Institutes of Health-funded research projects. Specifically, this study seeks to answer the following questions:

  1. What is the nature of biomedical and bioengineering research on the Illinois campus and what kinds of data are being generated?
  2. To what degree are biomedical and bioengineering researchers aware of best practices for data management and what are the actual data management behaviors?
  3. What aspects of data management present the greatest challenges and frustrations?
  4. To what degree are biomedical and bioengineering researchers aware of ...


Placenta‐On‐A‐Chip: In Vitro Study Of Caffeine Transport Across Placental Barrier Using Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Rajeendra L. Pemathilaka, Jeremy D. Caplin, Saurabh S. Aykar, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi 2019 Iowa State University

Placenta‐On‐A‐Chip: In Vitro Study Of Caffeine Transport Across Placental Barrier Using Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry, Rajeendra L. Pemathilaka, Jeremy D. Caplin, Saurabh S. Aykar, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi

Nicole N. Hashemi

Due to the particular structure and functionality of the placenta, most current human placenta drug testing methods are limited to animal models, conventional cell testing, and cohort/controlled testing. Previous studies have produced inconsistent results due to physiological differences between humans and animals and limited availability of human and/or animal models for controlled testing. To overcome these challenges, a placenta‐on‐a‐chip system is developed for studying the exchange of substances to and from the placenta. Caffeine transport across the placental barrier is studied because caffeine is a xenobiotic widely consumed on a daily basis. Since a fetus ...


Increasing Stem Literacy Through Directed Outreach, Liesl Krause, Nicole Vike, Yukai Zou, Jana Vincent 2019 Purdue University

Increasing Stem Literacy Through Directed Outreach, Liesl Krause, Nicole Vike, Yukai Zou, Jana Vincent

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

5th Annual Engagement and Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening and Scholarship, Thursday February 28th, 2019, Hosted by the Office of Engagement and Purdue Honors College


Developing And Testing Of An Upper Limb Exoskeleton For Stroke Patients, Drew Dudley, David Salazar 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Developing And Testing Of An Upper Limb Exoskeleton For Stroke Patients, Drew Dudley, David Salazar

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine functional and neuromuscular outcomes of stroke patients using their non-preferred hand with and without a 3D printed passive exoskeleton compared to controls using their non-preferred hand with and without the passive exoskeleton. Methods: Adults at least six months post stroke (Stroke, n = 5) and age- and sex- matched healthy controls (Control, n = 5) performed nine trials of a gross motor task while having their brain activity measured. The Fugl-Meyer and “Box and Block” test was used to measure the gross dexterity of the subjects with and without the exoskeleton. Strength ...


Efficacy Of Assistive Devices Produced With Additive Manufacturing, James Pierce 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Efficacy Of Assistive Devices Produced With Additive Manufacturing, James Pierce

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Despite the frequency of musculoskeletal injuries such as sprains, broken bones and torn ligaments1, treatment options are often costly, time-consuming and ill-fitted.2,3 Additive manufacturing (“3D-printing) allows for the production of highly-customized and inexpensive assistive devices4, which suggests potential efficacy in the prescription of splints and casts for musculoskeletal injury.3 In the present study, a parametric, customizable splint/cast was created using a computer-aided design (CAD) package (Fusion 360, Autodesk, San Rafael, CA, USA) and produced with low-cost, desktop 3D printing (Ultimaker 2+ Extended, Ultimaker, Geldermalsen, Netherlands). Fitting of the devices was performed on five healthy ...


Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

We propose to isolate the contributions of continuous OF to the orthogonal relationship between balance and gait control during treadmill walking using a series of conditions. Manipulating the direction of OF using a CAREN (Motek Medical, Amsterdam, Netherlands) virtual reality treadmill environment will isolate these visual contributions in human subjects as they walk. We plan to tease out the effect of OF direction on the relationship between gait and balance control by having healthy young adults perform a series of treadmill walking trials while immersed in a VR environment. This will be done by manipulating the direction of walking and ...


Gait Alterations After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury And Implications For Return-To-Play Testing, Lindsey Remski 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Gait Alterations After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury And Implications For Return-To-Play Testing, Lindsey Remski

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Introduction: Reoccurring injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a major problem for individuals who undergo ACL reconstructive surgery despite them meeting current requirements for return-to-play. Previous studies have found alterations in gait kinetics and kinematics of ACL deficient and ACL reconstruction patients. It is unknown if gait parameters, such as peak joint angles and moments, provide different information about patient function from what is provided by return-to-play outcomes. Purpose: To assess the relationships between peak joint angles, peak joint moments, and return-to-play outcomes for individuals with ACL injury. Methods: 6 subjects (3 ACL reconstruction, 3 ACL deficient) performed ...


Effects Of A Passive Dynamic Lower-Leg Exoskeleton During Walking, Blake Beier 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Effects Of A Passive Dynamic Lower-Leg Exoskeleton During Walking, Blake Beier

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The ankle joint is one of the most important joints during walking. If the muscles surrounding the ankle are weak, there are reductions in the ability to generate appropriate torques and powers at the ankle. This leads to slower self-selected walking speeds, which correlate with poor physical functioning, more disabilities, increased hospitalization visits and costs, and even mortality. Because of this, many orthotic and exoskeletal devices have been created to restore proper ankle function by promoting ankle plantar flexion. Utilizing 3D printing and an extension spring, we created an easily accessible, reproducible, and modifiable exoskeleton that has the potential to ...


Determining The Relationship Between Walking Activity And Inter-Day Patterns In Stroke Survivors, Sydney Andreasen 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Determining The Relationship Between Walking Activity And Inter-Day Patterns In Stroke Survivors, Sydney Andreasen

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Populations that have suffered from stroke are generally less active than people of otherwise similar demographics and are more susceptible to further health problems, such as another stroke. This study seeks to assess the validity of a treatment that encourages stroke survivors to walk more steps each day, in order to improve their active abilities and become less idle by establishing motivation for activity and therefore, also establishing patterns in the distribution of that activity throughout a stroke survivor’s day. 172 subjects (6 months post-stroke) have participated in a step activity monitoring program to record steps taken using wearable ...


Intensity And Pattern Of Daily Physical Activity Of Claudicating Patients, Cody Anderson 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Intensity And Pattern Of Daily Physical Activity Of Claudicating Patients, Cody Anderson

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

file:///C:/Users/codya/Desktop/Cody%20et%20al_2019_Human%20Movement%20Variability%20Conference.pdf


Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, Arash Mohammadzadeh Gonabadi 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, Arash Mohammadzadeh Gonabadi

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Indirect calorimetry provides the average cost of a stride cycle and prevents from identifying which part of the gait cycle causes increased metabolic cost in patients, however, recent simulation methods allow estimating the time profile of metabolic cost within the stride cycle. In this study, we compare the estimations of the time profile of the metabolic cost of two simulation methods for level and uphill walking. We used kinematic, kinetic and electromyography data from level and uphill walking (one participant) to estimate the time profiles of metabolic cost using the muscle-level metabolic model of Umberger using electromyography and kinematic data ...


Collision Work Performed By Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease, Alex Dzewaltowski, Sara A. Myers, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Collision Work Performed By Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease, Alex Dzewaltowski, Sara A. Myers, Jason M. Johanning, Iraklis I. Pipinos

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The goal of this study was to assess the differences in collision work performed by healthy, aged-matched controls compared to patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) to provide foundations for an eventual exoskeleton design. Collision work is energy dissipated into the surrounding environment from impact, in this study’s case, upon heel strike. When designing an exoskeleton for patients with PAD, harvesting energy lost to collision work could be a valuable mechanism to improve walking performance. Devices designed to utilize the normally dissipated energy for assisting propulsion to improve walking performance are under-explored [1, 2]. The purpose of this study ...


Gait Alterations In Peripheral Arterial Disease Are Not Worsened By The Presence Of Diabetes, Hafizur Rahman 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Gait Alterations In Peripheral Arterial Disease Are Not Worsened By The Presence Of Diabetes, Hafizur Rahman

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a vascular disease where atherosclerotic blockages restrict blood flow to muscles in the lower extremities. Diabetes is a common co-morbid condition in PAD and has been shown to increase the risk of lower extremity amputation compared to PAD without diabetes. Although there is a clear pathological relationship between diabetes and PAD, the gait mechanics involved remain indistinct. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of diabetes in addition to PAD results in greater functional impairment during ambulation. Twenty-three subjects with PAD and twelve controls consented to participate in the research ...


Bimanual Coordination Assessment Using Prosthetic Simulators, Chris Copeland 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Bimanual Coordination Assessment Using Prosthetic Simulators, Chris Copeland

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

There were a total of 1.6 million people living with loss of a limb in 2005. This number is projected to double to 3.6 million by 2050 [1]. While prosthetics aim to enhance the function of these individuals, it is estimated that 45% of pediatric prosthetic users reject their prosthesis [2]. The literature which describes the motor control mechanisms of prosthetic use is sparse and often low-powered due to inadequate number of subjects. However, prosthetic simulators may be a solution to chronically low-powered prosthetic studies by serving as functional homologues. The purpose of this investigation was to determine ...


The Energy Paradox Of The Ankle-Foot Complex During Human Walking, Nikolaos Papachatzis, KOTA TAKAHASHI 2019 Department of Biomechanics

The Energy Paradox Of The Ankle-Foot Complex During Human Walking, Nikolaos Papachatzis, Kota Takahashi

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Flexor hallucis longus (FHL) is a multiarticular muscle that possesses the potential to alter foot’s functional and mechanical behavior, since it performs multiple significant functions during walking (e.g supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot).The purpose of this study was to determine if the functional changes of the FHL are associated with the foot’s adaptations to the mechanical demands of walking. Backward walking is an experimental method capable of altering how the forces propagate underneath the foot and disrupting the mechanical function of the FHL muscle. We hypothesized that: (1) the muscle activity of the ...


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