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Assessment Of Policies For Innovative Financing In Infrastructure Systems, Ali Mostafavi, Dulcy Abraham, Charlene Sullivan 2014 Florida International University

Assessment Of Policies For Innovative Financing In Infrastructure Systems, Ali Mostafavi, Dulcy Abraham, Charlene Sullivan

Infrastructure System-of-Systems (I-SoS ) Research Group

Infrastructure systems are drivers of the economy in the nation. A dollar spent on infrastructure development yields roughly double the initial spending in ultimate economic output in the short term; and over a twenty-year period, and generalized ‘public investment’ produces an aggregated $3.21 of economic activity per $1.00 spent [1]. Thus, formulation of policies pertaining to infrastructure investment and development is of significance affecting the social and economic wellbeing of the nation. The aim of this policy brief is to evaluate innovative financing in infrastructure systems from two different perspectives: (1) through consideration of the current condition of ...


Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar 2014 SelectedWorks

Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar

Ali Nikkar

In this paper, nonlinear responses of a clamped-clamped buckled beam are investigated. Two efficient and easy mathematical techniques called He’s Variational Approach and Laplace Iteration Method are used to solve the governing differential equation of motion. To assess the accuracy of solutions, we compare the results with the Runge-Kutta 4th order. The results show that both methods can be easily extended to other nonlinear oscillations and it can be predicted that both methods can be found widely applicable in engineering and physics.


Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Regulation and modification of large rivers to accommodate human uses have been a root cause of freshwater biodiversity declines. The Missouri River is among the most drastically-altered large river systems in North America, with a series of mainstem impoundments in the upper watershed altering flow characteristics downstream, and channelization throughout the lower river homogenizing instream habitat and reducing off-channel habitat. Precipitation events during the winter and spring 2010-2011 caused flooding of the greatest magnitude and duration since reservoir completion. The large magnitude and long duration of this flood made it unlike any flood in recent history and provided a unique ...


Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs) In Indoor Air: Emission From Consumer Products And The Use Of Plants For Air Sampling, Todd A. Wetzel 2014 Utah State University

Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs) In Indoor Air: Emission From Consumer Products And The Use Of Plants For Air Sampling, Todd A. Wetzel

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Indoor air concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including many with documented adverse health effects, vary widely but are generally higher than found outdoors. Volatile organic compounds can enter indoor environments via internal (e.g. paints, paint strippers, fuels, cleaning supplies, pesticides, building materials, adhesives) and external sources (e.g. vapor intrusion (VI) from contaminated soil and/or groundwater and ambient air from automobiles and industrial facilities). Since many consumer products contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are also the focus of soil and groundwater cleanup projects, emissions of these VOCs can lead to false source identifications during VI investigations ...


Simulating Chemical Reactions Of Glass Powder In Cement Using Silica, Calcium Hydroxide And Sodium Hydroxide, Sarah Young 2014 McMaster University

Simulating Chemical Reactions Of Glass Powder In Cement Using Silica, Calcium Hydroxide And Sodium Hydroxide, Sarah Young

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

The use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) decreases the environmental impact of the cement industry. SCMs are commercial by-products that possess pozzolanic properties. Recycled glass powder, classified as a SCM, when added as a cement replacement reacts with the available lime in the cement to form calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) products. In contrast with other SCMs, glass is siliceous and thus the reaction can also cause alkali silica reaction (ASR) which causes expansion and cracking. This study was completed in order to characterize the chemical reactions and their rate using a simplified system that mimics glass particles in hardened cement ...


Analyzing The Effects Of Ionic Strength, Particle Size And Particle Characteristics On The Transport Mechanisms Of Colloids In Single, Saturated Dolomite Fractures., Graham Seggewiss 2014 McMaster University

Analyzing The Effects Of Ionic Strength, Particle Size And Particle Characteristics On The Transport Mechanisms Of Colloids In Single, Saturated Dolomite Fractures., Graham Seggewiss

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

A series of experiments were carried out to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms governing the transport of biological and non-biological particles through single, saturated dolomite fractures at the laboratory scale. Fracture apertures and general roughness were characterized using hydraulic and conservative solute tracer experiments.

The effects of particle size, surface characteristics and ionic strength of carrying solution were all evaluated. Particulate material studied included MS2, E. coli and two sizes of carboxylated microspheres. To elucidate the effect of ionic strength on particulate transport, the ionic strength of the carrying solution was altered during each experiment. All particulate experiments ...


Effects Of Physical Disturbances On Biosand Filters Used For Point-Of-Use Water Treatment, Naomi C. Mahaffy 2014 McMaster University

Effects Of Physical Disturbances On Biosand Filters Used For Point-Of-Use Water Treatment, Naomi C. Mahaffy

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Over 750 million people, 80% of whom live in rural communities, lack access to improved water sources. Even where an improved water source is easily accessible, recontamination and/or inadequate infrastructure may make it unsafe for human consumption. A lack of safe water leads to elevated rates of waterborne diseases and can exacerbate cycles of poverty by forcing individuals to miss school and work and to travel greater distances to secure better-quality water. Households in rural and remote communities may thus choose to use point-of-use treatment as a means of gaining greater control over their water quality and the health ...


Integer Programming-Based Approaches For Sustainable Community Applications, Wendy Huang 2014 McMaster University

Integer Programming-Based Approaches For Sustainable Community Applications, Wendy Huang

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Sustainability is an important consideration in municipalities, and decision-makers are often faced with making trade-offs in decisions on cost, location selection, and allocation. These decisions are often riddled with complexities and uncertainties, and a heuristic approach can become costly and inefficient. Integer programming is a branch of mathematical programming that can be applied to problems such as these and can be a helpful tool in the decision making process.

This thesis presents three papers that develop and apply integer programming-based methodologies and their applications to problems faced by many communities: urban noise, school location-allocation and municipal solid waste collection.

An ...


A Cellular Automaton Model For Traffic Flow - Investigating The Effect Of Turning, Tracy Finner, Matthew A. Beauregard 2014 Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

A Cellular Automaton Model For Traffic Flow - Investigating The Effect Of Turning, Tracy Finner, Matthew A. Beauregard

American Journal of Undergraduate Research

A cellular automaton model is proposed, modeling vehicular traffic flow on a two dimensional lattice in which the vehicles turn at an intersection with a given probability. It is shown that the introduction of turning reduces the long-term average velocity, and can be predicted by a power law depending on the probability of a vehicle turning and the density of cars. The reduction in speed decreases rapidly once the light cycle length surpasses a certain threshold, the value of which can be predicted from the observed power law.


Warren County, Kentucky - Roads, Proposed (Sc 1381), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Warren County, Kentucky - Roads, Proposed (Sc 1381), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1381. Subscribers’ list of contributors for the construction of a proposed road from Barren River Road to the Barren River ferry at Greencastle in Warren County, Kentucky.


Improving The Treatment Of Non-Aqueous Phase Tce In Low Permeability Zones With Permanganate, Chanat Chokejaroenrat, Steve D. Comfort, Chainarong Sakulthaew, Bruce Dvoark 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Improving The Treatment Of Non-Aqueous Phase Tce In Low Permeability Zones With Permanganate, Chanat Chokejaroenrat, Steve D. Comfort, Chainarong Sakulthaew, Bruce Dvoark

Faculty Publications from The Water Center

Treating dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) embedded in low permeability zones (LPZs) is aparticularly challenging issue for injection-based remedial treatments. Our objective was to improve thesweeping efficiency of permanganate (MnO4−) into LPZs to treat high concentrations of TCE. This wasaccomplished by conducting transport experiments that quantified the penetration of various perman-ganate flooding solutions into a LPZ that was spiked with non-aqueous phase14C-TCE. The treatments weevaluated included permanganate paired with: (i) a shear-thinning polymer (xanthan); (ii) stabilizationaids that minimized MnO2rind formation and (iii) a phase-transfer catalyst. In addition, we quantifiedthe ability of these flooding solutions to improve TCE destruction under batch ...


Ada Focused Construction Inspection, Erik Seef, Eryn Fletcher 2014 Purdue University

Ada Focused Construction Inspection, Erik Seef, Eryn Fletcher

Purdue Road School

This presentation will introduce inspection guidelines for field staff to implement in inspecting projects with pedestrian facilities, including curb ramps and pedestrian signals. Review of new INDOT curb standards and requirements for accessible pedestrian signals will be included. These recent changes in standards will impact projects and thus it is imperative to advise field staff of what they should be looking for with regard to width and slopes on pedestrian access routes and pedestrian push buttons. Several issues have been noted in the field, including excessive cross slope and running slope, installation of fingertip-actuated push buttons, and substandard level landings ...


Road Safety Audits, Henry Brown 2014 Purdue University

Road Safety Audits, Henry Brown

Purdue Road School

A Road Safety Audit (RSA) is a formal review of an existing or proposed road segment or intersection by an independent, multi-disciplinary team. The purpose of an RSA is to identify safety concerns and suggest possible countermeasures to the project owner. There are several benefits to conducting RSAs, including increased awareness of safety and a reduction in the number of crashes. The RSA process includes 8 steps during which the RSA team develops a list of findings and presents them to the project owner for consideration. The RSA process for an existing facility includes a field review during which the ...


2014 Road School, Kevin M. Hetrick 2014 Purdue University

2014 Road School, Kevin M. Hetrick

Purdue Road School

At the 2014 Road School, this presentation focused on the proposed sliding of the Milton-Madison Bridge, a 15000 ton truss superstructure intended to move laterally 55 feet from a temporary location onto permanent piers. The project was a joint procurement between INDOT and KYTC, with a Design/Build team consisting of Walsh Construction, Buckland and Taylor, and Burgess and Niple performing the slide. The presentation was in early March, with the slide scheduled for later in the month. The slide will be the largest of its kind.


Post-Failure Capacity Of Built-Up Steel Members, Matthew H. Hebdon 2014 Purdue University

Post-Failure Capacity Of Built-Up Steel Members, Matthew H. Hebdon

Purdue Road School

Mechanically fastened built-up steel members have long been known to possess internal member redundancy and, as a result, multiple load paths which can be exploited to increase their functional life. Internal redundancy provides the ability to resist total member failure in the event of a fracture of an individual component. However, there is little experimental data in the literature regarding post-fracture capacity in terms of strength and subsequent fatigue life. The experimental study currently underway will provide needed information on parameters that affect the ability of built- up members to arrest a fracture as well as the available remaining fatigue ...


Post-Fracture Capacity Of Railroad Flat Car Bridges, Teresa L. Washeleski 2014 Purdue University

Post-Fracture Capacity Of Railroad Flat Car Bridges, Teresa L. Washeleski

Purdue Road School

Railroad flatcars (RRFCs) are a convenient option to replace existing deteriorating bridge structures on low-volume roads. They are typically used as the bridge superstructure by placing two or more flatcars side-by-side to achieve the desired bridge width. Utilizing RRFCs as a bridge allows for rapid construction and greater cost savings compared to traditional practices. These benefits make them an attractive solution for rural communities in Indiana, as well as other states.

Uncertainty remains about the response under higher loads than could be easily achieved in the field and the level of redundancy of railroad flatcar bridges. Using RRFCs as bridges ...


Drilled Shaft Design & Construction-Integrity Testing Issues, Mir A. Zaheer, David Latka 2014 Purdue University

Drilled Shaft Design & Construction-Integrity Testing Issues, Mir A. Zaheer, David Latka

Purdue Road School

This presentation will provide an overview of the design and construction of drilled shafts in Indiana, including construction monitoring issue, discussion of CSL, PIT and TIP testing, and comparisons with cores taken.


Ada Prowag Status And Common Issues/Solutions, Stephen G. Metzer AICP, PWS 2014 Purdue University

Ada Prowag Status And Common Issues/Solutions, Stephen G. Metzer Aicp, Pws

Purdue Road School

The Proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian facilities in the Public Right-of-Way (aka PROWAG), dated July 26, 2011, went through an extensive public comment period that ended in early 2012. The Access Board anticipates issuing final guidance that will be the enforceable standard for facilities in the public ROW. This presentation will provide the latest status of the guidelines and present common problems and creative solutions.


Most Common Errors For Ada Ramp Construction, Stephen G. Metzer AICP, PWS 2014 Purdue University

Most Common Errors For Ada Ramp Construction, Stephen G. Metzer Aicp, Pws

Purdue Road School

Curb ramps are essential for persons with disabilities to traverse pedestrian facilities, allowing them to get from street level to the sidewalk. Errors that occur during the construction of curb ramps can result in ramps that are non-compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) guidelines. This presentation will include examples of common sidewalk construction errors and offer ways that project engineers can assess existing ramps to identify cases where additional design assistance may be required.


I-65 South Split Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement, Tommy E. Nantung 2014 Purdue University

I-65 South Split Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement, Tommy E. Nantung

Purdue Road School

Continuously reinforced concrete pavement (CRCP) is constructed with reinforcing steel placed in along the entire length of the pavement. CRCP forms tight transverse cracks to evenly transfer loads without the need of contraction joints. The result is a continuous, smooth-riding pavement surface capable of accommodating heavy traffic loads in a severe environmental condition. First constructed in Indiana more than 75 years ago on US-50, CRCP became popular with the construction of the Interstate Highway system in the 1960s and 1970s. Many sections of interstate and non-interstate highways constructed at that time are still in service today, having outperformed their original ...


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