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An Evaluation Of The Efficiency Of Compartmented Alginate Fibres Encapsulating Rejuvenator As Asphalt Pavement Healing System, Amir Tabakovic, Luke Schuyffel, Aleksandar Karac, Erik Schlangen 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

An Evaluation Of The Efficiency Of Compartmented Alginate Fibres Encapsulating Rejuvenator As Asphalt Pavement Healing System, Amir Tabakovic, Luke Schuyffel, Aleksandar Karac, Erik Schlangen

Articles

This paper explores the potential methods for evaluating a healing system for asphalt pavements. The healing system under investigation involves compartmented calcium-alginate fibres encapsulating an asphalt binder healing agent (rejuvenator). This system presents a novel method of incorporating rejuvenators into asphalt pavement mixtures. The compartmented fibres are used to distribute the rejuvenator throughout the pavement mixture, thereby overcoming some of the problems associated with alternate asphalt pavement healing methods, i.e., spherical capsules and hollow fibres. The asphalt healing efficiency methods to be evaluated in this paper include: (i) standard test methods for asphalt pavements, such as the Indirect Tensile ...


Tensile And Impact Behaviour Of Shape Memory Alloy Fibre Reinforced Engineered Cementitious Composites, Mohamed Ali El-Sayed Mahmoud Ali 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Tensile And Impact Behaviour Of Shape Memory Alloy Fibre Reinforced Engineered Cementitious Composites, Mohamed Ali El-Sayed Mahmoud Ali

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Extreme loading events such as impact, blast, and earthquakes have often led to partial or total collapse of structures, associated with economic and human life loss. Therefore, civil engineers have been seeking innovative materials and systems that would allow designing resilient and smart structures which can withstand such catastrophic events. Recently, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) and shape memory alloys (SMA) have emerged as strong contenders in the production of smart and resilient structural systems.

The aims of this study are to explore the possible synergy between ECC and SMA for developing a novel hybrid fibre-reinforced ECC incorporating randomly dispersed SMA ...


Design And Experimental Investigation Of 500kv Current Transformer Seismic Retrofit Utilizing Structure Rocking And Supplemental Damping With Self-Centering, Ilya S. Palnikov 2017 Portland State University

Design And Experimental Investigation Of 500kv Current Transformer Seismic Retrofit Utilizing Structure Rocking And Supplemental Damping With Self-Centering, Ilya S. Palnikov

Dissertations and Theses

Electrical substations perform a key role in electrical transmission and distribution; the ability for a substation to remain functional during and after a seismic event contributes significantly to the resilience of the clients supplied. Many legacy components currently installed in the main grid substations were designed with minimal consideration of lateral loads and are not qualified per IEEE693. One of the more critical high-voltage substation components that are vulnerable to earthquake damage is the 500kV freestanding current transformer (CT). The CT is particularly vulnerable due to the slenderness and mass distribution of the component. Current transformers are typically constructed from ...


Spatial Assessment Of Construction Waste Generated By Residential Buildings In Rural Areas, Florin C. MIHAI, Adrian GROZAVU 2017 "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

Spatial Assessment Of Construction Waste Generated By Residential Buildings In Rural Areas, Florin C. Mihai, Adrian Grozavu

Florin C MIHAI

The management of construction waste it is at an early stage in urban areas and lacking in rural areas where this fraction is frequently uncontrolled disposed on public lands. Despite the fact some items of construction waste are considered inert for the environment (soil, concrete) it also contains hazardous items (paint additives, cans, and
containers) or recyclables (plastics, metals, wood). Potential recovery of this waste stream is high if it is properly managed. The paper estimates the potential amounts of waste resulted from residential constructions across rural municipalities of Neamț County between 2002 and 2010. These statistical values are calculated ...


Application Of Ahp Method For Mapping Slope Geomorphic Phenomena, Adrian GROZAVU, Cristian V. PATRICHE, Florin C. MIHAI 2017 Alexandru Ioan Cuza University

Application Of Ahp Method For Mapping Slope Geomorphic Phenomena, Adrian Grozavu, Cristian V. Patriche, Florin C. Mihai

Florin C MIHAI

Landslides are common and frequent geomorphic phenomena for the plateau regions in Romania having important consequences, especially economic ones, that needs designing scientific and technical plans for landslide risk mitigation. For this, an important preliminary step is assessing and mapping the landslide susceptibility. This paper examines a plateau zone in eastern Romania providing such a map, based on the
landslides inventory, the digital elevation model (DEM) and the thematic layers of several factors thought to be potential predictors of landslides occurrence: topographic features, land use, and lithology. The methodological framework is based on the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) principles and ...


Performance Metrics For Depth-Based Signal Separation Using Deep Vertical Line Arrays, Gabriel Paul Kniffin, John Kenneth Boyle, Lisa Zurk, Martin Siderius 2017 Portland State University

Performance Metrics For Depth-Based Signal Separation Using Deep Vertical Line Arrays, Gabriel Paul Kniffin, John Kenneth Boyle, Lisa Zurk, Martin Siderius

Lisa M. Zurk

A recent publication by McCargar and Zurk [(2013). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 133(4), EL320–EL325] introduced a modified Fourier transform-based method for passive source depth estimation using vertical line arrays deployed below the critical depth in the deep ocean. This method utilizes the depth-dependent modulation caused by the interference between the direct and surface-reflected acoustic arrivals, the observation of which is enhanced by propagation through the reliable acoustic path. However, neither the performance of this method nor its limits of applicability have yet been thoroughly investigated. This paper addresses both of these issues; the first by identifying and analyzing ...


Free Vibrations Of Precast Modular Steel-Concrete Composite Railway Track Slabs, Stephen Kimindiri Kimani, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2017 University of Birminham

Free Vibrations Of Precast Modular Steel-Concrete Composite Railway Track Slabs, Stephen Kimindiri Kimani, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


This paper highlights a study undertaken on the free vibration of a precast steel-concrete composite slab panel for track support. The steel-concrete composite slab track is an evolvement from the slab track, a form of ballastless track which is becoming increasingly attractive to asset owners as they seek to reduce lifecycle costs and deal with increasing rail traffic speeds. The slender nature of the slab panel due to its reduced depth of construction makes it susceptible to vibration problems. The aim of the study is driven by the need to address the limited research available to date on the dynamic ...


Bim Innovation Capability Programme Of Ireland, Barry McAuley, Alan Hore, Roger West 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bim Innovation Capability Programme Of Ireland, Barry Mcauley, Alan Hore, Roger West

Conference papers

The Irish Government has requested that Enterprise Ireland, an organisation responsible for the development and growth of Irish enterprises in world markets to actively promote the use of BIM in Ireland. This promotion has taken the form of an opportunity for Enterprise Ireland clients to apply for a grant under their BIM Enable and BIM Implementation schemes and also through their funding of the BIM Innovation Capability Programme (BICP) of Ireland. The BICP is a two-year project (2016-2018) which seeks to capture the capability of the Irish Construction Industry and the Higher Education Institutes to respond to the increased requirement ...


Case Study: The Influence Of Oil-Based Friction Modifier Quantity On Tram Braking Distance And Noise, Rondos Galas, Milan Omasta, Martin Klapka, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ivan Krupka, Martin Hartl 2017 Brno University of Technology

Case Study: The Influence Of Oil-Based Friction Modifier Quantity On Tram Braking Distance And Noise, Rondos Galas, Milan Omasta, Martin Klapka, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Ivan Krupka, Martin Hartl

Sakdirat Kaewunruen

In the present study, the twin disc machine and the light rail system was employed in order to investigate the ability of oil-based friction modifier (FM) to optimize adhesion and to reduce noise. The risks associated with poor adhesion conditions after the application of FM were evaluated. Both laboratory and field experiments showed that if the contact is overdosed by FM, the poor adhesion, which results in the extension of braking distance, can occur. In contrast, the smaller quantities do not cause critical adhesion but the effect of FM on the noise reduction is negligible. This study indicates that it ...


An Improved Method Of Arsenic (Iii) Removal By Reverse Osmosis Membrane, Yizhi Hou 2017 Marquette University

An Improved Method Of Arsenic (Iii) Removal By Reverse Osmosis Membrane, Yizhi Hou

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Arsenic is a Group 1 carcinogen as there is abundant research to support that ingestion of arsenic in drinking water and food can lead to liver, lung, kidney, or bladder cancer in humans. The recommend World Health Organization (WHO) arsenic standard in drinking water is 10 µg/L, while the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of arsenic in drinking water is 10 µg/L. Globally, at least 40 million people face more than 10 µg/L arsenic contamination in their drinking water. As(III) (trivalent state, such as arsenite), and As(V) (pentavalent state, such as ...


Development And Application Of Hydraulic And Hydrogeologic Models To Better Inform Management Decisions, Trinity L. Stout 2017 Utah State University

Development And Application Of Hydraulic And Hydrogeologic Models To Better Inform Management Decisions, Trinity L. Stout

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Water is one of the most important and limited resources in regions with little rainfall. As populations continue to grow, so does the need for water. Individuals in water management positions need to be well informed in order to avoid potential negative effects concerning the overall quality and amount of water available for both people and the environment. In order to provide better information for these individuals, computer models and mathematical relationships are commonly developed to estimate the outcome of different situations regarding surface water and groundwater. Along these lines, this study focused on two modeling studies that provide information ...


Resolving Spatial And Temporal Variability In Dissolved Organic Matter Characteristics Within Combined Agricultural And Stormwater Conveyances, Bryce A. Mihalevich 2017 Utah State University

Resolving Spatial And Temporal Variability In Dissolved Organic Matter Characteristics Within Combined Agricultural And Stormwater Conveyances, Bryce A. Mihalevich

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In many urban areas, stormwater runoff can threaten the ecological health of streams and downstream water bodies. Due to the increased impervious nature of urban landscapes, runoff is more “flashy” and as a result, high concentrations of pollutants can be transported in shorter periods of time than in more natural environments. One pollutant of concern is dissolved organic matter (DOM). DOM is important within aquatic ecosystems, but excess amounts can cause depletion in dissolved oxygen concentrations and can negatively affect aquatic organisms. This study investigated changes in DOM quantity and sources within the Northwest Field Canal (NWFC), an urban water ...


Trace Metals In Stormwater: Alternative Best Management Practices, Jennifer Ibeth Mora 2017 Portland State University

Trace Metals In Stormwater: Alternative Best Management Practices, Jennifer Ibeth Mora

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

Heavy metals, such as copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn), are considered hazardous in natural waters due to their toxicity and non-biodegradability. The focus of this study is to use batch experiments to investigate the heavy metal (Cu and Zn) removal efficiency of perlite and EarthliteTM to improve in-situ filtration systems for stormwater catchment basins. Stormwater samples from two field sites in Portland, OR, chosen to represent a high-use commercial site and high-traffic urban road, were characterized to inform experimental design and compare to values found in literature. The Linear, Freundlich, and Langmuir isotherm models were used to describe equilibrium ...


Laser Doppler Velocimetry Using A Modified Computer Mouse, Edward D. Zaron 2017 Portland State University

Laser Doppler Velocimetry Using A Modified Computer Mouse, Edward D. Zaron

Edward D. Zaron

A computer mouse has been modified for use as a low-cost laser Doppler interferometer and used to measure the two-component fluid velocity of a flowing soap film. The mouse sensor contains two vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, photodiodes, and signal processing hardware integrated into a single package, approximately 1 cm2 in size, and interfaces to a host computer via a standard USB port. Using the principle of self-mixing interferometry, whereby laser light re-enters the laser cavity after being scattered from a moving target, the Doppler shift and velocity of scatterers dispersed in the flow are measured. Observations of the boundary ...


M2 Internal Tides And Their Observed Wavenumber Spectra From Satellite Altimetry, Richard D. Ray, Edward D. Zaron 2017 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

M2 Internal Tides And Their Observed Wavenumber Spectra From Satellite Altimetry, Richard D. Ray, Edward D. Zaron

Edward D. Zaron

A near-global chart of surface elevations associated with the stationary M2 internal tide is empirically constructed from multimission satellite altimeter data. An advantage of a strictly empirical mapping approach is that results are independent of assumptions about ocean wave dynamics and, in fact, can be used to test such assumptions. A disadvantage is that present-day altimeter coverage is only marginally adequate to support mapping such short-wavelength features. Moreover, predominantly north–south ground-track orientations and contamination from nontidal oceanographic variability can lead to deficiencies in mapped tides. Independent data from Cryosphere Satellite-2 (CryoSat-2) and other altimeters are used to test ...


Functionality Of Openair Package In Air Pollution Assessment And Modeling — A Case Study Of Krakow, Adriana Szulecka, Robert Oleniacz, Mateusz Rzeszutek 2017 AGH University o Science and Technology

Functionality Of Openair Package In Air Pollution Assessment And Modeling — A Case Study Of Krakow, Adriana Szulecka, Robert Oleniacz, Mateusz Rzeszutek

Robert Oleniacz

The paper presents the possibilities of selected functions from openair package for R programming environment in urban air pollution assessment. Examples of data analysis were based on the measurements from continuous air quality monitoring stations in Krakow (Poland). In order to present additional functionality of this software, modeling results of back trajectories and air pollution dispersion were used. Functions and visualization methods included in openair package make scrutiny of large data sets easier and less time consuming. They allow for analysis of measurement data with the determination of general relationships between parameters, additional complex spatial analyses for back trajectories, and ...


Streambank Erosion Mapping On The Nottoway River Using Gps-Based Above-Water Video, Emine Fidan 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Streambank Erosion Mapping On The Nottoway River Using Gps-Based Above-Water Video, Emine Fidan

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This project concerns the development of streambank erosion maps on military installations utilizing GPS-based above-water video mapping and image georeferencing techniques. The river mapped was the Nottoway River at the Fort Pickett military installation on October 10-11, 2015. Kayak-mounted above-water cameras were utilized to capture georeferenced images of streambank erosion. These GIS-based erosion classifications were utilized to develop erosion maps for determining streambank erosion conditions along the river. Areas of high erosion were identified as about two percent of the river (2167 ft. of streambank length). These maps allow for the opportunity to revisit the sites to determine changes in ...


Methodologies For Designing Railway Plastic And Composite Sleepers, Ruilin You, Erica Andrade Silva, Sakdirat Kaewunruen 2017 China Academy of Railway Sciences

Methodologies For Designing Railway Plastic And Composite Sleepers, Ruilin You, Erica Andrade Silva, Sakdirat Kaewunruen

Sakdirat Kaewunruen


Sleeper is an important component of ballasted track. At present, sleeper is mainly made of wood, steel and concrete. In recent years, because of its good durability, corrosion resistance and easy transportation and laying, plastic and composite sleepers have gradually developed and applied in railway around the world. At present, the plastic and composite sleeper has not yet drawn up the corresponding design standards, only on the basis of engineering experience and related technical guidelines to design. This paper summarizes the service and design condition of different materials sleeper (wooden sleeper, steel sleeper, concrete sleeper and plastic and composite sleeper ...


Probability Of Detection In Structural Health Monitoring, William Q. Meeker 2017 Iowa State University

Probability Of Detection In Structural Health Monitoring, William Q. Meeker

William Q Meeker

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is being proposed to replace traditional scheduled NDE inspections. This is raising questions about how to quantify Probability of Detection (POD) and whether the POD statistical methods of MIL-HDBK 1823 can still be used. The answer depends on the application, the nature of the SHM information, and how that information is mapped into a detect/not-detect decision. This talk will outline some of the issues involved in characterizing POD for different kinds of SHM applications.


Damage Detection On Mesosurfaces Using Distributed Sensor Network And Spectral Diffusion Maps, Venkatesh Chinde, Liang Cao, Umesh Vaidya, Simon Laflamme 2017 Iowa State University

Damage Detection On Mesosurfaces Using Distributed Sensor Network And Spectral Diffusion Maps, Venkatesh Chinde, Liang Cao, Umesh Vaidya, Simon Laflamme

Umesh Vaidya

In this work, we develop a data-driven method for the diagnosis of damage in mesoscale mechanical structures using an array of distributed sensor networks. The proposed approach relies on comparing intrinsic geometries of data sets corresponding to the undamaged and damaged states of the system. We use a spectral diffusion map approach to identify the intrinsic geometry of the data set. In particular, time series data from distributed sensors is used for the construction of diffusion maps. The low dimensional embedding of the data set corresponding to different damage levels is obtained using a singular value decomposition of the diffusion ...


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