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In-Plane Loading Of Brick Veneer Over Wood Shear Walls, Elias Anis Toubia, James M. Lintz 2016 University of Dayton

In-Plane Loading Of Brick Veneer Over Wood Shear Walls, Elias Anis Toubia, James M. Lintz

Elias Toubia

In the design of wood stud walls with brick veneer, current design building codes specify that the wood stud wall should resist all in-plane and out-of-plane loads (IBC 2009). For out-of-plane loads, this assumption is entirely justified as the brittle brick veneer will crack and lose its capacity to resist bending. For in-plane loads, the brick veneer is significantly stiffer than the wood shear wall, and the veneer is unlikely to crack before the wood shear wall reaches its allowable capacity. The assumption that the wood shear wall resists the entire load is based on the further assumption that the ...


Applying Ahp And Clustering Approaches For Public Transportation Decisionmaking: A Case Study Of Isfahan City, Alireza Salavati, Hossein Haghshenas, Bahador Ghadirifaraz, Jamshid Laghaei, Ghodrat Eftekhari 2016 Isfahan Dept. of Transportation and Traffic

Applying Ahp And Clustering Approaches For Public Transportation Decisionmaking: A Case Study Of Isfahan City, Alireza Salavati, Hossein Haghshenas, Bahador Ghadirifaraz, Jamshid Laghaei, Ghodrat Eftekhari

Journal of Public Transportation

The main purpose of this paper is to define appropriate criteria for the systematic approach to evaluate and prioritize multiple candidate corridors for public transport investment simultaneously to serve travel demand, regarding supply of current public transportation system and road network conditions of Isfahan, Iran. To optimize resource allocation, policymakers need to identify proper corridors to implement a public transportation system. In fact, the main question is to adopt the best public transportation system for each main corridor of Isfahan. In this regard, 137 questionnaires were completed by experts, directors, and policymakers of Isfahan to identify goals and objectives in ...


Assessing Park-And-Ride Efficiency And User Reactions To Parking Management Strategies, Krae E. Stieffenhofer, Michael Barton, Vikash Gayah V. 2016 Pennsylvania State University

Assessing Park-And-Ride Efficiency And User Reactions To Parking Management Strategies, Krae E. Stieffenhofer, Michael Barton, Vikash Gayah V.

Journal of Public Transportation

Increasing the number of spaces at overutilized park-and-rides often is not possible due to budgetary and other constraints. Instead, transit agencies may instead seek to maximize the number of people that are able to use the existing spaces through various parking management strategies. Unfortunately, the efficiency of park-and-rides is difficult to measure, so agencies cannot accurately quantify existing use or improvement after parking management strategies have been applied. This study proposed and tested a method to measure the person-efficiency of park-and-ride lots through an onsite audit. Additionally, a user survey was proposed to confirm the audit results and unveil reactions ...


Investigation Of Wheeled Mobility Device Orientation And Movement On Streetcars And Light Rail Vehicles During Normal And Emergency Braking, Andrea J. Mather, Katharine M. Hunter-Zaworski 2016 Oregon State University

Investigation Of Wheeled Mobility Device Orientation And Movement On Streetcars And Light Rail Vehicles During Normal And Emergency Braking, Andrea J. Mather, Katharine M. Hunter-Zaworski

Journal of Public Transportation

Wheeled mobility devices have been accessing public transit vehicles for decades, and most new rail transit systems are accessible. This has increased ridership by people with disabilities. Side-facing orientation on rail transit vehicles often is considered an option to increase capacity for wheeled mobility devices. This paper reports findings of a study of vehicle dynamics and wheeled mobility device orientation on rail transit vehicles. The study used acceleration data and field observations to evaluate wheeled mobility devices in longitudinal and side-facing orientations on streetcar and light rail vehicles. Results from the study include recommendations for longitudinal-oriented areas for wheeled mobility ...


Passenger Satisfaction And Mental Adaptation Under Adverse Conditions: Case Study In Manila, Andra Charis Mijares, Mio Suzuki, Tetsuo Yai 2016 Tokyo Institute of Technology

Passenger Satisfaction And Mental Adaptation Under Adverse Conditions: Case Study In Manila, Andra Charis Mijares, Mio Suzuki, Tetsuo Yai

Journal of Public Transportation

Public transportation systems in several developing cities face congestion, air pollution, and safety problems, yet many passengers use them regularly. This study examines the structure of passenger satisfaction and the role of mental adaptation under such conditions. Metro Manila MRT-3 was analyzed as a case study.

The actual and perceived conditions at the MRT-3 were assessed using surveys. Results of the waiting time and PM2.5 monitoring surveys revealed that passengers queue for 30 minutes, on average, while being exposed to unsafe levels of PM2.5. The questionnaire survey results show some discrepancies between actual and perceived values ...


Optimal Limited-Stop Bus Routes Selection Using A Genetic Algorithm And Smart Card Data, Yongju Yi, Keechoo Choi, Young-Jae Lee 2016 Ajou University

Optimal Limited-Stop Bus Routes Selection Using A Genetic Algorithm And Smart Card Data, Yongju Yi, Keechoo Choi, Young-Jae Lee

Journal of Public Transportation

In recent years, express bus service has come into the spotlight by overcoming slow bus operating speeds while maintaining its accessibility when it operates with local bus services. This study developed an optimal limited-stop bus routes selection (LSBRS) guideline as a scenario-based analysis and compared it with case study results. Smart card data and a genetic algorithm (GA) were used to develop the model with different scenarios. Then, total travel time savings as a result of implementing limited-stop bus service generated by the GA model were computed. The effectiveness of each factor was verified by multiple regression analysis, and the ...


Innovative Gtfs Data Application For Transit Network Analysis Using A Graph-Oriented Method, Philippe Fortin, Catherine Morency, Martin Trépanier 2016 CIRRELT/Polytechnique Montréal

Innovative Gtfs Data Application For Transit Network Analysis Using A Graph-Oriented Method, Philippe Fortin, Catherine Morency, Martin Trépanier

Journal of Public Transportation

Public transit networks are constantly evolving in the face of frequent economic and social challenges. There exists a large knowledge base on travel demand; however, there is a shortage of information on travel supply and networks. To our knowledge, no analysis tool can, at this point, systematically characterize a network and observe changes over time in a structured and automated manner. This paper addresses this issue and proposes a graph-oriented method for developing an analysis tool that will characterize a single network and then provide the necessary means to compare two distinct networks. A time-expanded model was applied to import ...


Regularity Of Public Transport Usage: A Case Study Of Bus Rides In Lisbon, Portugal, Stefan Foell, Santi Phithakkitnukoon, Marco Veloso, Gerd Kortuem, Carlos Bento 2016 The Open University

Regularity Of Public Transport Usage: A Case Study Of Bus Rides In Lisbon, Portugal, Stefan Foell, Santi Phithakkitnukoon, Marco Veloso, Gerd Kortuem, Carlos Bento

Journal of Public Transportation

This paper presents an analysis of regularity in public transport usage based on a large-scale bus transportation data of Lisbon, Portugal. By exploring the combined information from the bus boarding history of riders and bus arrivals at each bus stop, an analysis of individual bus usage was performed. Daily and weekly patterns were extracted, from which it was observed that a rider takes, on average, 2 trips, visits 1.93 distinct stops, and uses 1.55 distinct bus lines daily. Inter-trip time analysis revealed a daily cycle, and a study of the interaction between riders and bus infrastructure explored how ...


Experimental Evaluation Of Structural Steel Coating Systems, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami 2016 University of Dayton

Experimental Evaluation Of Structural Steel Coating Systems, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics Faculty Publications

Departments of transportation (DOTs) currently use the conventional three-coat system as the predominant choice for the corrosion protection of steel bridge structures. Eliminating one step in the coating process could potentially save time and cost associated with lane closures and traffic control costs. This research paper evaluates several two-coat systems based on the zinc-rich primer and polysiloxane topcoat technology. All samples were conditioned and coated in a state-of-the-art, climate-controlled paint booth, simulating common field ENvironmental CONditions (ENCON) (ENCON 1: 25 °C/50% RH, ENCON 2: 10 °C/40%RH, and ENCON 3: 32°C/80% RH). Accelerated weathering tests were ...


Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Surfactant solutions are applicable to engineering systems for cooling equipment for electronics. Surfactants can be added to water to improve heat transfer. An application of using aqueous surfactant solutions can be through microchannel heat sink. Although it is ideal to redesign these systems to reduce heat, it is a costly method. Surfactant solutions at optimal solution concentration can be able to transfer heat quickly and effectively with minimum expense. The surface tension of surfactant solutions is an important parameter for boiling heat transfer and must be taken into consideration. The purpose of this research is to measure surface tension of ...


Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Aqueous surfactant solutions are used in engineering systems for improving boiling heat transfer. The purpose of this research is to determine the viscosities of surfactant solutions and to investigate the effect of composition on viscosity. The results obtained can possibly be used as reference for further study in the effects of surfactant solution viscosities on nucleate boiling. A rotational viscometer was used to determine the viscosities of three surfactant solutions – SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 – of various compositions at room temperature. It was discovered that the viscosities of SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 had a nearly consistent pattern as their compositions increased ...


Relaxation In Bolted Assemblies, Samuel Augustus Moeller 2016 Rowan University

Relaxation In Bolted Assemblies, Samuel Augustus Moeller

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this investigation were to (a) extend previously developed elastic spring models for bolt assemblies to include simulating creep loss in the bolt and the threads and (b) to present an approach in which appropriate spring stiffness in the model are determined rationally. Previous efforts at modeling tension in bolts have been limited in that they were not readily applicable to analyses of realistic bolted connections. The simulated load distributions on the shank and the threads in a single-bolt assembly showed good comparison to the gathered experimental data as did the simulated, time dependent creep loss in the ...


Fishing With Geographic Information Systems, James L. Freeman 2016 Murray State University

Fishing With Geographic Information Systems, James L. Freeman

Scholars Week

Title: Fishing With Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Author: Lance Freeman

Mentor: Dr. Haluk Cetin

This study was conducted to utilize multiple geographic information systems (GIS) applications for specific parts of Kentucky Lake and Lake Barkley. Using Lowrance Insight Genesis, along with topographical maps to help utilize time on the water keeping fisherman in the areas they want to target for specific types of cover and structure to help catch what they are after. Most of this information had to come from typical seasonal patterns and research into a lakes history as to how it was made, along with what is ...


Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jing Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi 2016 Iowa State University

Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jing Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi

Michael Johnson

This project investigated regulatory issues that may affect or limit freight movement in Iowa and other Midwest states: Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Current state regulations for the following are reviewed and summarized: - Vehicle dimensions - Vehicle weights - Speed limits - Weight compliance enforcement - Fees and taxes - Driver qualifications - Medical certification - Hours of service - Oversize-overweight permits


Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jong Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi 2016 Iowa State University

Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jong Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi

Michael Johnson

Reprot Summary:

This project investigated regulatory issues that may affect or limit freight movement in Iowa and other Midwest states: Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Current state regulations for the following are reviewed and summarized:

- Vehicle dimensions

- Vehicle weights

- Speed limits

- Weight compliance enforcement

- Fees and taxes

- Driver qualifications

- Medical certification

- Hours of service

- Oversize-overweight permits


Development Of Railroad Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating Formula, Zachary Hans, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Inya Nlenanya 2016 Iowa State University

Development Of Railroad Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating Formula, Zachary Hans, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Inya Nlenanya

Michael Johnson

The goal of this project was to provide an objective methodology to support public agencies and railroads in making decisions related to consolidation of at-grade rail-highway crossings. The project team developed a weighted-index method and accompanying Microsoft Excel spreadsheet based tool to help evaluate and prioritize all public highway-rail grade crossings systematically from a possible consolidation impact perspective. Factors identified by stakeholders as critical were traffic volume, heavy-truck traffic volume, proximity to emergency medical services, proximity to schools, road system, and out-of-distance travel. Given the inherent differences between urban and rural locations, factors were considered, and weighted, differently, based on ...


Development Of Railroad Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating Formula, Zachary Hans, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Inya Nlenanya 2016 Iowa State University

Development Of Railroad Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating Formula, Zachary Hans, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Inya Nlenanya

Michael Johnson

The goal of this project was to provide an objective methodology to support public agencies and railroads in making decisions related to consolidation of at-grade rail-highway crossings. The project team developed a weighted-index method and accompanying Microsoft Excel spreadsheet based tool to help evaluate and prioritize all public highway-rail grade crossings systematically from a possible consolidation impact perspective. Factors identified by stakeholders as critical were traffic volume, heavy-truck traffic volume, proximity to emergency medical services, proximity to schools, road system, and out-of-distance travel. Given the inherent differences between urban and rural locations, factors were considered, and weighted, differently, based on ...


An Investigation Of Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating In Iowa, Patrick Michael Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

An Investigation Of Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Consolidation Rating In Iowa, Patrick Michael Johnson

Michael Johnson

Railroad-highway grade crossings present unique safety and operational challenges on both the rail and highway side. Consolidation of these crossings can be a valuable tool to improve safety, but is often a source of disagreement among interested parties. In order to better evaluate crossings to determine their suitability to be consolidated, a spreadsheet-based tool was developed to rank all public, at-grade crossings in Iowa using a number of factors related to potential consolidation impacts. The spreadsheet will act as a tool to provide an objective rating of each crossing for use in analysis and negotiation for crossing consolidation. This thesis ...


Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jong Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi 2016 Iowa State University

Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jong Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi

Michael Johnson

Reprot Summary: This project investigated regulatory issues that may affect or limit freight movement in Iowa and other Midwest states: Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Current state regulations for the following are reviewed and summarized: - Vehicle dimensions - Vehicle weights - Speed limits - Weight compliance enforcement - Fees and taxes - Driver qualifications - Medical certification - Hours of service - Oversize-overweight permits


Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jing Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi 2016 Iowa State University

Study Of The Regulatory Issues Affecting Truck Freight Movement In The Midwest, Jing Dong, Christopher Albrecht, Patrick Michael Johnson, Micah Keala Makaiwi

Michael Johnson

This project investigated regulatory issues that may affect or limit freight movement in Iowa and other Midwest states: Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Current state regulations for the following are reviewed and summarized: - Vehicle dimensions - Vehicle weights - Speed limits - Weight compliance enforcement - Fees and taxes - Driver qualifications - Medical certification - Hours of service - Oversize-overweight permits


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