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Improved Bayesian Multi-Modeling: Integration Of Copulas And Bayesian Model Averaging, Shahrbanou Madadgar, Hamid Moradkhani 2014 Portland State University

Improved Bayesian Multi-Modeling: Integration Of Copulas And Bayesian Model Averaging, Shahrbanou Madadgar, Hamid Moradkhani

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) is a popular approach to combine hydrologic forecasts from individual models, and characterize the uncertainty induced by model structure. In the original form of BMA, the conditional probability density function (PDF) of each model is assumed to be a particular probability distribution (e.g. Gaussian, gamma, etc.). If the predictions of any hydrologic model do not follow certain distribution, a data transformation procedure is required prior to model averaging. Moreover, it is strongly recommended to apply BMA on unbiased forecasts, whereas it is sometimes difficult to effectively remove bias from the predictions of complex hydrologic models ...


Path Flow Estimator For Planning Applications In Small Communities, Seungkyu Rya, Anthony Chen, H. Michael Zhang, Will Recker 2014 Utah State University

Path Flow Estimator For Planning Applications In Small Communities, Seungkyu Rya, Anthony Chen, H. Michael Zhang, Will Recker

Graduate Student Publications

This paper presents an alternative planning framework to model and forecast network traffic for planning applications in small communities, where limited resources debilitate the development and applications of the conventional four-step travel demand forecasting model. The core idea is to use the path flow estimator (PFE) to estimate current and forecast future traffic demand while taking into account of various field and planning data as modeling constraints. Specifically, two versions of PFE are developed: a base year PFE for estimating the current network traffic conditions using field data and planning data, if available, and a future year PFE for predicting ...


Concrete Pavement Mixture Design And Analysis (Mda): Evaluation Of The Fresh And Hardened Properties Of Concrete Mixtures Containing Permeability-Reducing Admixtures To Develop A Standard Testing Protocol, Ezgi Yurdakul, Peter Taylor, Halil Ceylan 2014 Iowa State University

Concrete Pavement Mixture Design And Analysis (Mda): Evaluation Of The Fresh And Hardened Properties Of Concrete Mixtures Containing Permeability-Reducing Admixtures To Develop A Standard Testing Protocol, Ezgi Yurdakul, Peter Taylor, Halil Ceylan

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Technical Reports

Concrete durability may be considered as the ability to maintain serviceability over the design life without significant deterioration, and is generally a direct function of the mixture permeability. Therefore, reducing permeability will improve the potential durability of a given mixture and, in turn, improve the serviceability and longevity of the structure. Given the importance of this property, engineers often look for methods that can decrease permeability. One approach is to add chemical compounds known as integral waterproofing admixtures or permeability-reducing admixtures, which help fill and block capillary pores in the paste. Currently, there are no standard approaches to evaluate the ...


Reply To ‘Co2 Emissions From Crop Residue-Derived Biofuels’, Adam Liska, Haishun Yang, Matthew P. Pelton, Andrew E. Suyker 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Reply To ‘Co2 Emissions From Crop Residue-Derived Biofuels’, Adam Liska, Haishun Yang, Matthew P. Pelton, Andrew E. Suyker

Adam Liska Papers

The soil organic carbon (SOC) model that we used was parameterized with data from arable land under normal farming conditions in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia, but the equation is insensitive to changes in tillage, soil texture and moisture. The model has reasonable accuracy, however, in predicting changes in SOC, residue remaining and CO2 emissions from initial SOC, carbon inputs from residue, and daily temperature; the shoot-to-root ratio used in the geospatial simulation was 0.29 (that is, root carbon is 29% of total aboveground carbon), which did not underestimate carbon input to soil (Supplementary Figure 2 in ...


A New Decision Making Approach For Indirect Left Turn Treatments By Utilizing Decision Assistance Curves, Sunil Gyawali 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A New Decision Making Approach For Indirect Left Turn Treatments By Utilizing Decision Assistance Curves, Sunil Gyawali

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

This study developed decision assistance curves (DAC) for unconventional intersections, including median U-turns (MUT), continuous flow intersections (CFI), and jughandle intersections, based on their operational performance relative to a conventional intersection. An economic analysis was performed to compute the net present value (NPV) of benefits and the benefit to cost ratio (B/C) with the development of a spreadsheet tool. The DAC classified the region of optimal performance of isolated unconventional intersections. For 5% left turn traffic conditions, MUT was warranted for all volume criteria. For 10% and 15% left turn traffic conditions, jughandle was warranted for the major street ...


Seismic Retrofitting Of Existing Structures, Cetin Sahin 2014 Portland State University

Seismic Retrofitting Of Existing Structures, Cetin Sahin

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

This research project will give a brief presentation about earthquake resistant design and the methodology about seismic evaluation and rehabilitation of existing structures. It also provides certain aspects of computer software modeling against seismic loads and shows the necessity of seismic upgrading in a steel moment-frame building.

The seismic evaluation process consists of investigating if the structure meets the defined target structural performance levels. The main goal during earthquakes is to assure that building collapse doesn’t occur and the risk of death or injury to people is minimized and beyond that to satisfy post-earthquake performance level for defined range ...


Contribution Of Gypsum-Board Sheathing To The Compressive Resistance Of Wood Studs Subjected To Gravitational Loads, Daniel J. Grenier 2014 Western University

Contribution Of Gypsum-Board Sheathing To The Compressive Resistance Of Wood Studs Subjected To Gravitational Loads, Daniel J. Grenier

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Gypsum board is the most commonly used sheathing material in Canadian residential construction. Current Canadian standards recognize the role of gypsum-board sheathing in bracing studs to prevent weak-axis buckling and in resisting in-plane shear, but do not recognize its potential contribution to axial compressive resistance of a sheathed wall. The research in this thesis, therefore, investigates this contribution for light-frame wood stud walls sheathed with gypsum-board on both sides of the stud. The axial compressive resistance of bare and gypsum-board sheathed studs were computed using new finite element models that account for the nonlinear wood stress-strain relationship and nonlinear shear ...


Panama Canal - 100th Anniversary (Sc 2869), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Panama Canal - 100th Anniversary (Sc 2869), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text of blog entries (click on "Additional Files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 2869. WKU Libraries blog entries relating to the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal. Entries concentrate on materials held by WKU’s Department of Library Special Collections and are illustrated with items from the collection.


Development Of An Interactive Water Management Role‐Playing Game As An Educational Tool Representing The Central Nebraska Platte River Valley Social‐Economic‐Ecological System, Victoria Chraibi, Nathan Rossman, Anil Giri, Noelle Hart, Zion Schell 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Development Of An Interactive Water Management Role‐Playing Game As An Educational Tool Representing The Central Nebraska Platte River Valley Social‐Economic‐Ecological System, Victoria Chraibi, Nathan Rossman, Anil Giri, Noelle Hart, Zion Schell

DBER Speaker Series

As members of the National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT), we have gained valuable experience abroad in Europe learning about and participating in research that utilizes serious role‐playing games representing a watershed with its land use and river system. The focus of this research is on the development of such a game representing the central Platte River valley and its dynamics according to the activities played by the players and uncertain streamflow inputs. The game is adapted specifically from two other games, one called Wat‐A‐Game, developed at the French public institutes IRSTEA ...


Field Cycle Length Sweep To Evaluate Resonant Cycle Sensitivity, Howell Li, Christopher M. Day, Alex M. Hainen, Amanda L. Stevens, Steven Lavrenz, W Benjamin Smith, Hayley Summers, Rick Freije, Jim Sturdevant, Darcy M. Bullock 2014 Purdue University

Field Cycle Length Sweep To Evaluate Resonant Cycle Sensitivity, Howell Li, Christopher M. Day, Alex M. Hainen, Amanda L. Stevens, Steven Lavrenz, W Benjamin Smith, Hayley Summers, Rick Freije, Jim Sturdevant, Darcy M. Bullock

JTRP Other Publications and Reports

Cycle length selection in corridor timing is often dictated by critical intersections with the highest level of saturation. Along corridors with balanced volumes and favorable link distances, a resonant cycle length is often sought to provide good progression in both directions of travel. This paper discusses the search for a resonant cycle length at a 5-intersection corridor in Fishers, Indiana over a three month period. The software traffic model suggests a reasonable range of cycle lengths from 104 seconds to 124 seconds for the corridor. This cycle length range is consistent with analytical highway capacity manual delay minimization approaches.

A ...


Quantifying Uncertainty In Real Time Performance Measurement For Highway Winter Maintenance Operations – Phase 2, Jillian Lyon, Zhengyuan Zhu, Mark Steven Kaiser 2014 Iowa State University

Quantifying Uncertainty In Real Time Performance Measurement For Highway Winter Maintenance Operations – Phase 2, Jillian Lyon, Zhengyuan Zhu, Mark Steven Kaiser

Tech Transfer Summaries

Winter weather in Iowa is often unpredictable and can have an adverse impact on traffic flow. The Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) attempts to lessen the impact of winter weather events on traffic speeds with various proactive maintenance operations. In order to assess the performance of these maintenance operations, it would be beneficial to develop a model for expected speed reduction based on weather variables and normal maintenance schedules. Such a model would allow the Iowa DOT to identify situations in which speed reductions were much greater than or less than would be expected for a given set of ...


Quantifying Uncertainty In Real Time Performance Measurement For Highway Winter Maintenance Operations – Phase 2, Jillian Lyon, Zhengyuan Zhu, Mark Steven Kaiser 2014 Iowa State University

Quantifying Uncertainty In Real Time Performance Measurement For Highway Winter Maintenance Operations – Phase 2, Jillian Lyon, Zhengyuan Zhu, Mark Steven Kaiser

InTrans Project Reports

Winter weather in Iowa is often unpredictable and can have an adverse impact on traffic flow. The Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) attempts to lessen the impact of winter weather events on traffic speeds with various proactive maintenance operations. In order to assess the performance of these maintenance operations, it would be beneficial to develop a model for expected speed reduction based on weather variables and normal maintenance schedules. Such a model would allow the Iowa DOT to identify situations in which speed reductions were much greater than or less than would be expected for a given set of ...


Concrete Pavement Mixture Design And Analysis (Mda): Factors Influencing Drying Shrinkage, Peter Taylor, Xuhao Wang 2014 Iowa State University

Concrete Pavement Mixture Design And Analysis (Mda): Factors Influencing Drying Shrinkage, Peter Taylor, Xuhao Wang

InTrans Project Reports

This literature review focuses on factors influencing drying shrinkage of concrete. Although the factors are normally interrelated, they can be categorized into three groups: paste quantity, paste quality, and other factors.


The Influence Of Lightweight Aggregate On Internal Curing And Its Impact On Autogenous Shrinkage Of High-Performance Concrete, Neil J. Hartman, Timothy J. Barrett, Jason Weiss 2014 Purdue University

The Influence Of Lightweight Aggregate On Internal Curing And Its Impact On Autogenous Shrinkage Of High-Performance Concrete, Neil J. Hartman, Timothy J. Barrett, Jason Weiss

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In bridge deck construction high performance concrete is often desirable, however in practice it is generally susceptible to early-age shrinkage cracking resulting in an overall reduction in service life. This research seeks to assess the potential for reducing early-age shrinkage in new bridge deck construction through the use of internal curing, a process in which internal reservoirs supply water to the hydrating cement paste during the early stages of cement hydration. In North America, internal curing is typically achieved by replacing a portion of the normal fine aggregate with an expanded fine lightweight aggregate (LWA). For this study, the free ...


Numerical And Experimental Studies Of Transmission Lines Subjected To Tornadoes, Ahmed Hamada 2014 Western University

Numerical And Experimental Studies Of Transmission Lines Subjected To Tornadoes, Ahmed Hamada

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The majority of worldwide weather-related transmission line failures have been attributed to High Intensity Wind (HIW) events in the form of tornadoes and downbursts. The research conducted in the current thesis presents a significant development in the understanding of the structural behaviour of transmission line systems under tornado loading. A comprehensive in-house numerical model that combines the data of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of tornado wind fields with three dimensional nonlinear structural analysis modelling is developed. A three dimensional four-nodded cable element is first formulated to simulate the nonlinear large deformation behaviour of the conductors. The support provided to ...


Roundabout Maintenance Manual, Emily A. Bonini, Pat Conner P.E., John Haddock PhD, P.E., Yu Tian 2014 Purdue University

Roundabout Maintenance Manual, Emily A. Bonini, Pat Conner P.E., John Haddock Phd, P.E., Yu Tian

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In recent years, roundabouts have been rapidly growing in popularity. As a result, many communities are installing them in their roadways; however, they are encountering difficulties in maintaining them. Uneducated workers can cause damage to roundabouts and to themselves, costing cities time and money. This project aims to create a guide for communities new to roundabouts in order to reduce damages and unnecessary maintenance costs. Data was gathered by determining the most common maintenance questions and problems along with what information was already available on roundabout maintenance. Next, agencies most experienced with roundabouts were surveyed on the best maintenance practices ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Bolted Connections Under Fire, Ke Liu, Qiaqia Zhu, Amit H. Varma 2014 Purdue University

Finite Element Analysis Of Bolted Connections Under Fire, Ke Liu, Qiaqia Zhu, Amit H. Varma

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Over the course of human history, fire disasters are one of the major catastrophes that causes loss of lives and properties. In order to ensure building safety against fire, civil engineers seek to understand the behavior of structures at high temperatures. Moreover, they need to study the behavior of bolted connections, given the important role it plays in steel structures. Sarraj (2007) proposed a plate-bearing computational model used to describe this behavior; however, it has never been experimentally verified. Prior to this specific project, a series of single-bolted connection tests at 400°C and 600°C were conducted in the ...


A Wind-Derived Upwelling Index For Lake Michigan, Stephen B. Davis, Rebecca Essig, Cary Troy 2014 Purdue University

A Wind-Derived Upwelling Index For Lake Michigan, Stephen B. Davis, Rebecca Essig, Cary Troy

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Coastal upwelling is a phenomenon that occurs along coastlines throughout the world, and has been shown to be strongly correlated with large fish populations in these areas. Coastal upwelling occurs when strong coastal winds drive water transport away from the coast, causing colder, often nutrient-rich water to upwell in its place. While coastal upwellings can be detected with satellite imagery or in situ temperature measurements, these datasets are neither continuous nor long-term. A wind-derived upwelling index was created for Lake Michigan to continuously quantify upwellings over multiple decades, and to allow for further understanding of the impact of upwelling in ...


Bio-Inspired Helicoidal Composites: 3d Printing And Experiments, Michael E. Jones, Pablo Zavattieri, Nobphadon Suksangpanya 2014 Purdue University

Bio-Inspired Helicoidal Composites: 3d Printing And Experiments, Michael E. Jones, Pablo Zavattieri, Nobphadon Suksangpanya

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Materials that are impact resistant enough for personal protection in sports, transport, and combat are not also lightweight, strong, tough, and impact tolerant. Nature can provide inspiration for novel materials that can meet these needs. The hierarchical composite of the stomatopod’s, or mantis shrimp’s, dactyl club has been shown to have high impact resistance and damage tolerance due to its helicoidal fiber reinforcement(1,2). Analyzing helicoidal composites of different pitch angles (angles between adjacent rows of fibers) under quasi-static, displacement-controlled loading has provided insights into the fracture mechanisms of the composite structure and how they affect the ...


Comparison Of The Accuracy Of Traffic Counting Devices, Rodrigo Netto de Souza, Laura Slusher ,P.E. 2014 Purdue University

Comparison Of The Accuracy Of Traffic Counting Devices, Rodrigo Netto De Souza, Laura Slusher ,P.E.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Traffic counting devices are commonly used by governmental agencies and private companies in order to assess traffic patterns and the level of occupancy of roadway networks. The data provided by these devices normally encompasses traffic volumes, vehicle classes and vehicle speeds, and are used by traffic engineers in the planning, design and operations of transportation systems. An evaluation of the accuracy of these devices is of great importance because traffic management decisions are compromised without qualified data. This research evaluated the performance of two different models of traffic counters, Jamar Technologies’ Radar Recorder and Vaisala’s Traffic Analyzer NC-200, both ...


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