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Optimization Of Processing Parameters Of Nanocomposite Film For Fresh Sliced Okra Packaging, Adeshina Fadeyibi PhD, Zinash Delebo Osunde PhD, Professor, Mohammed Gana Yisa Professor 2019 Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria

Optimization Of Processing Parameters Of Nanocomposite Film For Fresh Sliced Okra Packaging, Adeshina Fadeyibi Phd, Zinash Delebo Osunde Phd, Professor, Mohammed Gana Yisa Professor

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Nanocomposite film can be regarded as an active packaging material which is capable of curtailing microbial growth and keeping food for an extended life. In this research, the optimum processing parameters of cassava starch-zinc nanocomposite film was determined for packaging fresh-sliced okra. Samples of the films, with thickness ranging between 15– 17µm, were developed from the blends of 24g of cassava starch, 0–2 % zinc nanoparticles (NP) and 45–55 % glycerol in 600 ml distilled water. The ideal film was determined by optimizing the film processing parameters using Box-Behnken Design in Surface Response Methodology. It was subsequently used to package ...


Strength And Plasticity Of Amorphous Silicon Oxycarbide, Kaisheng Ming, Chao Gu, Qing Su, Yongqiang Wang, Arezoo Zare, Don A. Lucca, Michael Nastasi, Jian Wang 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Strength And Plasticity Of Amorphous Silicon Oxycarbide, Kaisheng Ming, Chao Gu, Qing Su, Yongqiang Wang, Arezoo Zare, Don A. Lucca, Michael Nastasi, Jian Wang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Amorphous SiOC films were synthesized by magnetron sputtering at room temperature with/without radio frequency (RF) bias and further improved in terms of mechanical properties by ion irradiation. As-deposited SiOC films without RF bias exhibit catastrophic failure at a low stress and strain, which is ascribed to microstructural heterogeneities associated with the formation of voids during deposition, as evidenced by transmission electron microscopy. Ion irradiation unifies microstructure accompanied with eliminating the voids, resulting in a simultaneously increase in strength and plasticity (ultimate strength of 5–7 GPa and the strain to shear instability of over 20%). Homogeneous microstructures are demonstrated ...


Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Nonlinearity In The Dark: Broadband Terahertz Generation With Extremely High Efficiency, Ming Fang, Nian-Hai Shen, Wei E. I. Sha, Zhixiang Huang, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Plasmonic metamaterials and metasurfaces offer new opportunities in developing high performance terahertz emitters and detectors beyond the limitations of conventional nonlinear materials. However, simple meta-atoms for second-order nonlinear applications encounter fundamental trade-offs in the necessary symmetry breaking and local-field enhancement due to radiation damping that is inherent to the operating resonant mode and cannot be controlled separately. Here we present a novel concept that eliminates this restriction obstructing the improvement of terahertz generation efficiency in nonlinear metasurfaces based on metallic nanoresonators. This is achieved by combining a resonant dark-state metasurface, which locally drives nonlinear nanoresonators in the near field, with ...


Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

Parylene-C has been deposited on bare Si wafers by physical vapor deposition using the SCS Coating Systems. Results show a 12 µm thick Parylene-C film with 10 g of dimer and negligible thickness variation across a wafer. We find a positive linear relationship between film thickness and mass of dimer at a range of 1 g to 18 g. However, the Al boat for dimer was burnt with 18 g of dimer, suggesting multiple depositions with 1 g to 10 g of dimer are recommended to achieve the Parylene-C film thicker than 12 µm.


On Loss Compensation, Amplification And Lasing In Metallic Metamaterials, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Maria Kafesaki, Costas M. Soukoulis 2019 Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH

On Loss Compensation, Amplification And Lasing In Metallic Metamaterials, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Maria Kafesaki, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The design of metamaterials, which are artificial materials that can offer unique electromagnetic properties, is based on the excitation of strong resonant modes. Unfortunately, material absorption—mainly due to their metallic parts—can damp their resonances and hinder their operation. Incorporating a gain material can balance these losses, but this must be performed properly, as a reduced or even eliminated absorption does not guarantee loss compensation. Here we examine the possible regimes of interaction of a gain material with a passive metamaterial and show that background amplification and loss compensation are two extreme opposites, both of which can lead to ...


Engineering Magnetic Properties Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications And Magnetic Thin Film Composite Heterostructures For Device Applications., Shivakumar Hunagund 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Engineering Magnetic Properties Of Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications And Magnetic Thin Film Composite Heterostructures For Device Applications., Shivakumar Hunagund

Theses and Dissertations

The motivation of this study is to investigate the size dependent properties of Gadolinium silicide nanoparticles and their potential applications in Biomedicine. We use two approaches in our investigation - size dependence and possible exchange interaction in a core-shell structure. Past results showed Gd5Si4 NPs exhibit significantly reduced echo time compared to superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) when measured in a 7 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. This indicates potential use of Gd5Si4 ferromagnetic nanoparticles as T2 contrast agents for MRI.

Until recently most contrast agents (CA) that are used in Magnetic Resonance Imaging ...


Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti 2019 Wayne State University

Titanium Nitride Nanotube Electrode, Gui Chen, Marcella Gatti

ROEU 2018-19

This project presents a corrosion-resistant and high capacity implantable TiN nanotube electrode to work as a neural probe. Smaller electrode size allows for reduced tissue damage while the nanopore morphology of the TiN gives a larger surface area and stability to the electrode. The electrode offers improved biocompatibility, reduced tissue damage, reduced cost, and increased usability over time.


Thermal Conductivity Of Complex Crystals, High Temperature Materials And Two Dimensional Layered Materials, Xin Qian 2019 University of Colorado at Boulder

Thermal Conductivity Of Complex Crystals, High Temperature Materials And Two Dimensional Layered Materials, Xin Qian

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Thermal conductivity is a critical property for designing novel functional materials for engineering applications. For applications demanding efficient thermal management like power electronics and batteries, thermal conductivity is a key parameter affecting thermal designs, stability and performances of the devices. Thermal conductivity is also the critical material metrics for applications like thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) in gas turbines and thermoelectrics (TE). Therefore, thermal conductivities of various functional materials have been investigated in the past decade, but most of the materials are simple and isotropic crystals at low temperature. This is because the first-principles calculation is limited to simple crystals at ...


Photoinduced Hole Transfer And Recombination Dynamics Of A Cds Quantum Dot Sensitized Mononuclear Water Oxidation Catalyst, Orion Magruder Pearce 2019 University of Colorado at Boulder

Photoinduced Hole Transfer And Recombination Dynamics Of A Cds Quantum Dot Sensitized Mononuclear Water Oxidation Catalyst, Orion Magruder Pearce

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Artificial photosynthesis represents a promising strategy to capture and store solar energy through the production of carbon neutral fuels. This process begins with absorption of a photon by a semiconductor creating an electron-hole pair which are then separated and used to drive reduction and oxidation reactions. CdS nanostructures are model light absorbers for studying these charge transfer reactions and have already demonstrated photoinduced electron transfer to drive a variety of reactions. However, there has been comparatively little progress in understanding how CdS nanostructures may be used to sensitize oxidation reactions such as water oxidation. To this end, we undertook a ...


Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Resistance To Helium Bubble Formation In Amorphous Sioc/Crystalline Fe Nanocomposite, Qing Su, Tianyao Wang, Jonathan Gigax, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The management of radiation defects and insoluble He atoms represent key challenges for structural materials in existing fission reactors and advanced reactor systems. To examine how crystalline/amorphous interface, together with the amorphous constituents affects radiation tolerance and He management, we studied helium bubble formation in helium ion implanted amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) and crystalline Fe composites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The SiOC/Fe composites were grown via magnetron sputtering with controlled length scale on a surface oxidized Si (100) substrate. These composites were subjected to 50 keV He+ implantation with ion doses chosen to produce a 5 at ...


High Strength, Deformable Nanotwinned Al–Co Alloys, S. Xue, Qiang Li, D. Y. Xie, Y. F. Zhang, Han Wang, Haiyan Wong, J. Wang, Xinghang Zhang 2019 Purdue University

High Strength, Deformable Nanotwinned Al–Co Alloys, S. Xue, Qiang Li, D. Y. Xie, Y. F. Zhang, Han Wang, Haiyan Wong, J. Wang, Xinghang Zhang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Aluminum (Al) alloys have been widely used in the transportation industry. However, most highstrength Al alloys to date have limited mechanical strength, on the order of a few hundred MPa, which is much lower than the flow stress of high-strength steels. In this study, we show the fabrication of nanocrystalline Al alloys with high-density growth twins enabled by a few atomic percent of Co solute. In situ uniaxial compression tests show that the flow stress of Al–Co solid solution alloys exceeds 1.5 GPa, while good work hardening capability is maintained. This study provides a new perspective on the ...


A Sensorless Force-Feedback System For Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery, Baoliang Zhao, Carl A. Nelson 2019 Chinese Academy of Sciences

A Sensorless Force-Feedback System For Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery, Baoliang Zhao, Carl A. Nelson

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The existing surgical robots for laparoscopic surgery offer no or limited force feedback, and there are many problems for the traditional sensor-based solutions. This paper builds a teleoperation surgical system and validates the effectiveness of sensorless force feedback. The tool-tissue interaction force at the surgical grasper tip is estimated using the driving motor’s current, and fed back to the master robot with a position-force bilateral control algorithm. The stiffness differentiation experiment and tumor detection experiment were conducted. In the stiffness differentiation experiment, 43 out of 45 pairs of ranking relationships were identified correctly, yielding a success rate of 96 ...


Hemodynamics And Wall Mechanics After Surgical Repair Of Aortic Arch: Implication For Better Clinical Decisions, Siyeong Ju, Ibrahim Abdullah, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Hemodynamics And Wall Mechanics After Surgical Repair Of Aortic Arch: Implication For Better Clinical Decisions, Siyeong Ju, Ibrahim Abdullah, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Graft repair of aortic coarctation is commonly used to mimic the physiological aortic arch shape and function. Various graft materials and shapes have been adopted for the surgery. The goal of this work is to quantitatively assess the impact of graft materials and shapes in the hemodynamics and wall mechanics of the restored aortic arch and its correlation with clinical outcomes. A three-dimensional aortic arch model was reconstructed from magnetic resonance images. The fluid–structure interaction (FSI) analysis was performed to characterize the hemodynamics and solid wall mechanics of the repaired aortic arch. Two graft shapes (i.e., a half-moon ...


Interface Facilitated Reorientation Of Mg Nanolayers In Mg-Nb Nanolaminates, Y. CHen, Mingyu Gong, N. A. Mara, Jian Wang 2019 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

Interface Facilitated Reorientation Of Mg Nanolayers In Mg-Nb Nanolaminates, Y. Chen, Mingyu Gong, N. A. Mara, Jian Wang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Mg/Nb nanolaminates synthesized through vapor deposition techniques exhibit high flow strength without conventional twinning in Mg. In this work, we investigated the influence of laminated microstructures on deformation mechanisms of Mg nanolayers. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we explored that (0001)-oriented Mg layers transform or re-orient to {10¯10}-oriented Mg layers through nucleation and growth of {10¯12} twins by atomic shuffling, instead of conventional {10¯12} twinning shear. Such a reorientation accommodates in-plane compressive strain and out-of-plane tensile strain when Mg/Nb laminates are subjected to compression parallel to the Mg/Nb interfaces. The nucleation of {10 ...


Predictive Peridynamic 3d Models Of Pitting Corrosion In Stainless Steel With Formation Of Lacy Covers, Siavash Jafarzadeh, Florin Bobaru, Ziguang Chen 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Predictive Peridynamic 3d Models Of Pitting Corrosion In Stainless Steel With Formation Of Lacy Covers, Siavash Jafarzadeh, Florin Bobaru, Ziguang Chen

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

In this work, the peridynamic corrosion model is used for 3D simulation of pitting corrosion in stainless steel. Models for passivation and salt layer formation are employed to predict detailed characteristics of pit growth kinetic in stainless steels, such as lacy cover formation on top of the pit, and the diffusion-controlled regime at the pit bottom. The model is validated against an experimentally grown pit on 316L stainless steel in NaCl solution. Lacy covers in this model are formed autonomously during the simulation process. They are remarkably similar to the covers observed on top of the real pits.


Relative Contributions Of Intracranial Pressure And Intraocular Pressure On Lamina Cribrosa Behavior, Junfei Tong, Deepta Ghate, Sachin Kedar, Linxia Gu 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Relative Contributions Of Intracranial Pressure And Intraocular Pressure On Lamina Cribrosa Behavior, Junfei Tong, Deepta Ghate, Sachin Kedar, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Purpose. To characterize the relative contributions of intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) on lamina cribrosa (LC) behavior, specifically LC depth (LCD) and LC peak strain. Methods. An axially symmetric finite element model of the posterior eye was constructed with an elongated optic nerve and retro-orbital subarachnoid space ensheathed by pia and dura mater. -e mechanical environment in LC was evaluated with ICP ranging from 5 to 15mmHg and IOP from 10 to 45 mmHg. LCD and LC peak strains at various ICP and IOP levels were estimated using full factorial experiments. Multiple linear regression analyses were then applied ...


The Role Of Low-Level Image Features In The Affective Categorization Of Rapidly Presented Scenes, L. Jack Rhodes, Matthew Rios, Jacob M. Williams, Gonzalo Quinones, Prahalada K. Rao, Vladimir Miskovic 2019 State University of New York at Binghamton

The Role Of Low-Level Image Features In The Affective Categorization Of Rapidly Presented Scenes, L. Jack Rhodes, Matthew Rios, Jacob M. Williams, Gonzalo Quinones, Prahalada K. Rao, Vladimir Miskovic

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

It remains unclear how the visual system is able to extract affective content from complex scenes even with extremely brief (< 100 millisecond) exposures. One possibility, suggested by findings in machine vision, is that low-level features such as unlocalized, two-dimensional (2-D) Fourier spectra can be diagnostic of scene content. To determine whether Fourier image amplitude carries any information about the affective quality of scenes, we first validated the existence of image category differences through a support vector machine (SVM) model that was able to discriminate our intact aversive and neutral images with ~ 70% accuracy using amplitude-only features as inputs. This model allowed us to confirm that scenes belonging to different affective categories could be mathematically distinguished on the basis of amplitude spectra alone. The next question is whether these same features are also exploited by the human visual system. Subsequently, we tested observers’ rapid classification of affective and neutral naturalistic scenes, presented briefly (~33.3 ms) and backward masked with synthetic textures. We tested categorization accuracy across three distinct experimental conditions, using: (i) original images, (ii) images having their amplitude spectra swapped within a single affective image category (e.g., an aversive image whose amplitude spectrum has been swapped with another aversive image) or (iii) images having their amplitude spectra swapped between affective categories (e.g., an aversive image containing the amplitude spectrum of a neutral image). Despite its discriminative potential, the human visual system does not seem to use Fourier amplitude differences as the chief strategy for affectively categorizing scenes at a glance. The contribution of image amplitude to affective categorization is largely dependent on interactions with the phase spectrum, although it is impossible to completely rule out a residual role for unlocalized 2-D amplitude measures.


Monolithic Heat-Transfer Device, Sidy Ndao, George Gogos, Dennis Alexander, Troy Anderson, Craig Zuhlke 2019 Lincoln, NE

Monolithic Heat-Transfer Device, Sidy Ndao, George Gogos, Dennis Alexander, Troy Anderson, Craig Zuhlke

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

A monolithic heat-transfer device can include a container wall configured to retain a working fluid, where the container wall is formed of a single material. The container wall also includes an interior surface configured to be in fluid communication with the working fluid. The monolithic heat-transfer device also includes a channel disposed in the interior surface of the container wall, where the channel comprises a microstructure and a nanostructure. The microstructure and the nanostructure are materially contiguous with the single material forming the container wall. In some embodiments, the nanostructure comprises one or more layers of nanoparticles. The monolithic heat-transfer ...


Predictive Peridynamic 3d Models Of Pitting Corrosion In Stainless Steel With Formation Of Lacy Covers, Siavash Jafarzadeh, Florin Bobaru, Ziguang Chen 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Predictive Peridynamic 3d Models Of Pitting Corrosion In Stainless Steel With Formation Of Lacy Covers, Siavash Jafarzadeh, Florin Bobaru, Ziguang Chen

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

In this work, the peridynamic corrosion model is used for 3D simulation of pitting corrosion in stainless steel. Models for passivation and salt layer formation are employed to predict detailed characteristics of pit growth kinetic in stainless steels, such as lacy cover formation on top of the pit, and the diffusion-controlled regime at the pit bottom. The model is validated against an experimentally grown pit on 316L stainless steel in NaCl solution. Lacy covers in this model are formed autonomously during the simulation process. They are remarkably similar to the covers observed on top of the real pits.


Higher-Order Overtone Thickness-Shear Vibrations Of Multilayered Thin-Film Acoustic Wave Resonators And Angular Rate Sensing, Hui Chen, Ji Wang, Jianke Du, Jiashi Yang 2019 Ningbo University

Higher-Order Overtone Thickness-Shear Vibrations Of Multilayered Thin-Film Acoustic Wave Resonators And Angular Rate Sensing, Hui Chen, Ji Wang, Jianke Du, Jiashi Yang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

We propose a new structure for piezoelectric gyroscopes. It is made from multilayered thin films of AlN or ZnO with alternating c-axes along the film thickness. It is shown theoretically that when such a film is electrically driven into higher-order overtone thickness-shear vibration in one of the two in-plane directions of the film and is rotating about the film normal, the Coriolis force due to the rotation causes a higher-order overtone thicknessshear vibration in a perpendicular direction with an electrical output that can be used to measure the angular rate of the rotation. Different from existing thickness-shear mode piezoelectric gyroscopes ...


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