Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, Parker J. Dulin, Payton M. Smith, James W. Swart
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
Farmer Perspectives On Ecosystems Service Management, Land Use Targeting And The Future Of Cornbelt Agriculture, 2016 Iowa State University
Farmer Perspectives On Ecosystems Service Management, Land Use Targeting And The Future Of Cornbelt Agriculture, John Tyndall, Tricia G. Knoot, Matt Helmers, Drake Larsen, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Brian K. Gelder
J. Gordon Arbuckle
The development and use of targeted conservation practices was the subject of modeling, interviews and support tools researched by the project investigators.
Techno-Economic Analysis Of Integrated Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction Of Soybean Oil, 2016 Iowa State University
Techno-Economic Analysis Of Integrated Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction Of Soybean Oil, Ming-Hsun Cheng, Weitao Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Jasreen J. K. Sekhon, Tong Wang, Stephanie Jung, Lawrence A. Johnson
Lawrence A. Johnson
Aqueous oil extraction is a process which replace organic solvent, hexane is most used in solvent extraction, with water. Comparing to typical solvent extraction and expelling processes, the aqueous extraction has higher oil yield (over 80%) than expelling process and that is exempt the issues resulted from chemical loading and remaining. The enzyme was used to improve the breakdown of cell and release free oil. The enzyme assisted aqueous extraction process (EAEP) includes dehulling, flaking, extraction and demulsification processes. SuperPro Designer was used to conduct the techno-economic analysis (TEA) of the extraction process. The total capital investment, operation cost and ...
European Food-Safety Concerns: From Farm To Market, 2016 Iowa State University
European Food-Safety Concerns: From Farm To Market, D. Burden, Lawrence A. Johnson
Lawrence A. Johnson
In May of this year, 14 students from Iowa State University (ISU) had the opportunity to visit England and Scotland to examine food-safety issues, with emphasis on increasing the exposure to and understanding of European food-safety concerns, farming practices,the regulatory environment,research activities, and consumer attitudes.
Environmental Impact Analysis Of Soybean Oil Production From Expelling, Hexane Extraction And Enzyme Assisted Aqueous Extraction, Ming-Hsun Cheng, Weitao Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Jasreen J. K. Sekhon, Tong Wang, Stéphanie Jung, Lawrence A. Johnson
Lawrence A. Johnson
In the industry, expelling and hexane extraction are the two typical processes for soybean oil production. However, the low efficiency and hazardous chemical problem are the main issues for these two processes respectively. Enzyme assisted aqueous extraction process (EAEP) is applied to increase the efficiency without using organic solvent, which is replaced by water. The environmental impact analysis of these three processes are based on their mass flows, energy consumption and global warming potential. For mass flows, the environmental impact indices were calculated based on mass balance of input and output components. Energy consumption was used to evaluate the carbon ...
Laboratory And Full Boom-Based Investigation Of Nozzle Setup And Restriction Effects On Flow, Pressure And Spray Pattern Distribution, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Laboratory And Full Boom-Based Investigation Of Nozzle Setup And Restriction Effects On Flow, Pressure And Spray Pattern Distribution, Shane H. Forney
Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research
Pesticide application is an integral part of crop production and ground-based agricultural boom sprayers are used extensively to apply pesticides to the crop canopy or soil surface across millions of acres in the United States. Efficient application is necessary to minimize costs and limit adverse environmental impacts. Errors in flow rate and system pressure measurements may cause as-applied maps to incorrectly indicate application rates and could negatively affect downstream data processing or analysis. The goals of this study were to provide quantified measurements on the effects of nozzle setup errors on spray pattern uniformity and evaluate how laboratory patternator data ...
Farm Energy: Energy Consumption For Row Crop Production, 2016 Iowa State University
Farm Energy: Energy Consumption For Row Crop Production, H. Mark Hanna, John E. Sawyer, Dana Petersen
John E. Sawyer
This publication provides an overview of farm energy use related to corn and soybean production in Iowa. Three areas of row crop production--field operations, fertilizer and pesticide application, and artificial drying--are used to illustrate on-farm energy consumption.
Farm Energy: Energy Conservation In Corn Nitrogen Fertilization, 2016 Iowa State University
Farm Energy: Energy Conservation In Corn Nitrogen Fertilization, John E. Sawyer, H. Mark Hanna, Dana Petersen
John E. Sawyer
Optimum corn yields require nitrogen fertilization in most crop rotations, but the energy consumed during the production of nitrogen fertilizer is considerable. Learn more about maximizing economic, environmental, and energy returns for nitrogen and other fertilizers.
Fertilizer And Swine Manure Management Systems: Impacts On Crop Production And Nitrate-Nitrogen Leaching With Subsurface Drainage, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Carl H. Pederson, James L. Baker, Antonio P. Mallarino, John E. Sawyer, Kenneth T. Pecinovsky
John E. Sawyer
Nutrient losses from row-crop land can cause nonpoint source water quality problems and “impaired waters.” Nitrogen (N) losses due to nitrate (NO3) leaching cause drinking water problems and possibly increase hypoxia (low oxygen) problems in the Gulf of Mexico. Phosphorus (P) losses can cause eutrophication problems in surface waters (lakes, streams, and reservoirs) in Iowa where algal blooms decrease oxygen, kill fish, and result in murky and bad tasting water. The U.S. EPA and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources are developing nutrient criteria/standards and implementation plans to address TMDL’s (Total Maximum Daily Load) and to improve ...
Fertilizer And Swine Manure Management Systems: Impacts On Agronomic And Environmental Soil Phosphorus Tests And On Phosphorus Loss With Subsurface Drainage, Antonio P. Mallarino, John E. Sawyer, Jeremy Klatt, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Carl H. Pederson, James L. Baker, Kenneth T. Pecinovsky
John E. Sawyer
Manure or fertilizer can be used to supply the phosphorus (P) needs of crops. However, excess P application increases the risk of P loss from fields and of water quality impairment through increased algae growth. Poor water quality in many Iowa lakes has prompted questions about the impact of P management practices on P loss from fields and the effectiveness of using agronomic soil tests for environmental purposes.
Annual Swine Manure Applications To Soybean Under Corn-Soybean Rotation, 2016 University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Annual Swine Manure Applications To Soybean Under Corn-Soybean Rotation, Allah Bakhsh, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, James L. Baker, John E. Sawyer, Antonio P. Mallarino
John E. Sawyer
The response of a corn-soybean rotation system receiving fall manure application to both corn and soybean is not well understood in terms of its impact on nitrate leaching to subsurface drainage water and crop yields. This field study was conducted from 2001 through 2005 with the key objective of determining the effects of manure application to both corn and soybean on NO3-N concentrations in subsurface drainage water and corn-soybean yields. The study was conducted on 0.4 ha plots instrumented with state-of-the-art subsurface drainage monitoring systems at the Iowa State University research center, Nashua, Iowa. Nitrogen application rates from liquid ...
Application Checkpoints For Fall Ammonia, 2016 Iowa State University
Application Checkpoints For Fall Ammonia, H. Mark Hanna, John E. Sawyer
John E. Sawyer
Depending on postharvest field conditions, some producers will soon be considering anhydrous ammonia application. Using fall labor to apply fertilizer can be attractive but needs to be balanced with the potential for nutrient loss. To avoid conversion of anhydrous ammonia from ammonium to more leachable forms of nitrogen, application should be delayed until average soil temperature is below 50°F and trending lower. Measure the 4-inch soil temperature at near 10 a.m. or 7 p.m. or check Iowa State University's county soil temperatures and forecast.
Impact Of Swine Manure Applications On Nitrate And Phosphorus In Subsurface Drainage Water, 2016 Iowa State University
Impact Of Swine Manure Applications On Nitrate And Phosphorus In Subsurface Drainage Water, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, James L. Baker, Carl H. Pederson, Antonio P. Mallarino, John E. Sawyer, Kenneth T. Pecinovsky
John E. Sawyer
Nonpoint source nutrient pollution related to land application of manures is recognized as an important environmental and social issue for several reasons. First, manure from swine production facilities can have serious impacts on the quality of ground water resources. Second, several states are in the process of creating laws and/or regulations to reduce nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loadings from manure to soil and water resources. Third, pollution of water resources from nutrients supplied by manure to croplands will help set parameters for developing public policies on the management of manure.
Impact Of Swine Manure Application On Water Quality, 2016 Iowa State University
Impact Of Swine Manure Application On Water Quality, Rameshwar S. Kanwar, Carl H. Pederson, Matthew J. Helmers, John E. Sawyer, Antonio P. Mallarino
John E. Sawyer
Nonpoint source nutrient pollution related to land application of manures is recognized as an important environmental and social issue for several reasons. First,swine manure application to land can impact water quality. Second, several states are in the process of creating laws and/or regulations to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus loadings from manure to soil and water resources. Third, the quality of water resources will help set parameters for developing public policies on management of manure.
Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, 2016 Iowa State University
Ag Decision Maker: Combine Ownership Or Custom Hire, William M. Edwards, H. Mark Hanna
Includes advantages and disadvantages of custom hiring and information on estimating costs; includes worksheets.
Combine Harvester Econometric Model With Forward Speed Optimization, 2016 CNH America
Combine Harvester Econometric Model With Forward Speed Optimization, Nathan E. Isaac, Graeme R. Quick, Stuart J. Birrell, William M. Edwards, Bruce A. Coers
A combine harvester econometric simulation model was developed with the goal of matching the combine forward speed to the maximum harvested net income per acre. The model considers the machinery management costs of owning a combine and platform header for harvesting wheat. A statistical Design of Experiment (DOE) was used to evaluate the model using tri-level variables; the medium values constituted the model base case. Of the 27 input variables, the optimum speed was significantly influenced by the crop area, G/MOG ratio, grain unit price, field yield, field efficiency, grain moisture content, probability of a working day in the ...
Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, 2016 Iowa State University
Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, David A. Grewell, Tong Wang, Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy, Linxing Yao, Paul Gramann, Javier Cruz
Many chemicals have the ability to attack on plastics as solvents and can lead to failure. In some cases, the source of the solvent is not well defined. In this study, the effect of biodiesel, a fatty acid methyl ester, on various plastics, namely polyamide 6 (PA 6), polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) and ABS/PC plastic blends was studied. Various feedstocks of biodiesel were also studied, including, soy bean oil (new and used), animal fat (tallow), corn oil as well as choice white grease. The plastics samples were tested under ASTM standard where a predefined strain is applied to ...
Automatic Recognition Of Lactating Sow Behaviors Through Depth Image Processing, 2016 China Agricultural University
Automatic Recognition Of Lactating Sow Behaviors Through Depth Image Processing, F. Lao, T. Brown-Brandt, J. P. Stinn, K. Liu, G. Teng, H. Xin
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications
Manual observation and classification of animal behaviors is laborious, time-consuming, and of limited ability to process large amount of data. A computer vision-based system was developed that automatically recognizes sow behaviors (lying, sitting, standing, kneeling, feeding, drinking, and shifting) in farrowing crate. The system consisted of a low-cost 3D camera that simultaneously acquires digital and depth images and a software program that detects and identifies the sow’s behaviors. This paper describes the computational algorithm for the analysis of depth images and presents its performance in recognizing the sow’s behaviors as compared to manual recognition. The images were acquired ...
On-Farm Integrated High-Solids Processing System For Biomass, 2016 University of Kentucky
On-Farm Integrated High-Solids Processing System For Biomass, Sue E. Nokes, Bert C. Lynn, Stephen E. Rankin, Barbara L. Knutson, Michael D. Montross, Michael D. Flythe
Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Patents
A method for on-farm processing a biomass feedstock into a useful industrial chemicals includes the steps of (a) delignifying the biomass feedstock to produce a delignified biomass, (b) subjecting the deliguified biomass to cellulase production, (c) subjecting the deliguified biomass with attached cellulase to simultaneous cellulolytic and solventogenic reactions to produce useful industrial chemicals (d) collecting and separating the useful industrial chemical from the fermentation broth and (e) collecting the fermentation residues.
Carbon Nanotubes Affect The Toxicity Of Cuo Nanoparticles To Denitrification In Marine Sediments By Altering Cellular Internalization Of Nanoparticle, 2016 Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Carbon Nanotubes Affect The Toxicity Of Cuo Nanoparticles To Denitrification In Marine Sediments By Altering Cellular Internalization Of Nanoparticle, Xiong Zheng, Yinglong Su, Yinguang Chen, Rui Wan, Mu Li, Haining Huang, Xu Li
Civil Engineering Faculty Publications
Denitrification is an important pathway for nitrate transformation in marine sediments, and this process has been observed to be negatively affected by engineered nanomaterials. However, previous studies only focused on the potential effect of a certain type of nanomaterial on microbial denitrification. Here we show that the toxicity of CuO nanoparticles (NPs) to denitrification in marine sediments is highly affected by the presence of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). It was found that the removal efficiency of total NOX−-N (NO3−-N and NO2−-N) in the presence of CuO NPs was only 62.3%, but it increased to ...