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Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering Commons

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Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, Parker J. Dulin, Payton M. Smith, James W. Swart 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, Parker J. Dulin, Payton M. Smith, James W. Swart

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Soil Tillage Practices Using X-Ray Computed Tomography And Conventional Laboratory Methods, Maria Ambert-Sanchez, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, Joseph N. Gray, David F. Webber 2016 Peace Corps

Evaluating Soil Tillage Practices Using X-Ray Computed Tomography And Conventional Laboratory Methods, Maria Ambert-Sanchez, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, Joseph N. Gray, David F. Webber

Steven K. Mickelson

Using x-ray computed tomography (CT) for non-destructive 3-D imaging and analysis of soil physical properties has been investigated for over 30 years. However, applying this system in soil science has remained a specialized research area using primarily low-resolution medical-grade x-ray CT units that were not designed for soil analysis applications. The main research objectives were to characterize and compare physical properties of soil core samples from long-term chisel plow (CP) and no-till (NT) agricultural field management sites using a high-resolution industrial-grade x-ray CT unit and two conventional soil laboratory method (SLM) soil macroporosity analysis procedures. Field research activities during 1999 ...


Successful Strategies For Engaging Community Colleges And Universities In Transfer Partnership, Marcia R. Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Steven K. Mickelson, Mack C. Shelley, Kari Hensen 2016 University of Iowa

Successful Strategies For Engaging Community Colleges And Universities In Transfer Partnership, Marcia R. Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Steven K. Mickelson, Mack C. Shelley, Kari Hensen

Steven K. Mickelson

In order to increase the number of students (U.S. citizens or permanent residents) receiving associate or baccalaureate degrees in established or emerging fields within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), the National Science Foundation (NSF) established the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Talent Expansion Program (STEP).

The Student Enrollment and Engagement through Connections (SEEC) project is a collaboration between Iowa State University (ISU) and Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) funded by a STEP grant to increase the number of students graduating with a bachelor's degree in engineering at ISU and the number of students in pre-engineering study ...


Holistic Student Professional Development And Assessment: A Backward Design Approach, Jacqulyn A. Baughman, Thomas J. Brumm, Steven K. Mickelson 2016 Iowa State University

Holistic Student Professional Development And Assessment: A Backward Design Approach, Jacqulyn A. Baughman, Thomas J. Brumm, Steven K. Mickelson

Steven K. Mickelson

No abstract provided.


Buffer Strips For Controlling Herbicide Losses, Steven K. Mickelson, James L. Baker 2016 Iowa State University

Buffer Strips For Controlling Herbicide Losses, Steven K. Mickelson, James L. Baker

Steven K. Mickelson

Buffer strips are considered effective for reducing runoff of sediment and agricultural chemicals from cropland. In fact, buffer strips, or vegetative filter strips, have been suggested as a Best Management Practice to reduce nonpoint source pollution from cropland. This pollution can be great, especially if rainfall occurs shortly after a chemical has been applied.


Impacts Of Cattle Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Loads In Surface Waters, M. M. Haan, J. R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, J. L. Kovar, J. L. Boehm, Steven K. Mickelson, R. Schultz 2016 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Cattle Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Loads In Surface Waters, M. M. Haan, J. R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, J. L. Kovar, J. L. Boehm, Steven K. Mickelson, R. Schultz

Steven K. Mickelson

In 2001 (yr 1), 2002 (yr 2), and 2003 (yr 3), three blocks of five 1-ac paddocks were grazed by beef cows on hills at the Iowa State University Rhodes Research and Demonstration Farm to determine the effects of grazing management on phosphorus (P) and sediment runoff from pastureland. Grazing management treatments included an ungrazed control (UG), summer hay harvest with winter stockpiled grazing (HS), grazing by continuous stocking to a residual sward height of 2 in. (2C), rotational stocking to a residual sward height of 2 in. (2R), and rotational stocking to a residual sward height of 4 in ...


The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, Marcia R. Laugerman, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson, Diane T. Rover 2016 University of Iowa

The Engineering Admissions Partnership Program: A Navigation Strategy For Community College Students Seeking A Pathway Into Engineering, Marcia R. Laugerman, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson, Diane T. Rover

Steven K. Mickelson

This paper presents the evaluation of a program designed to improve transfer outcomes for community college students pursuing an engineering degree. The program, the Engineering Admissions Partnership Program (E-APP), was designed to improve the navigational success of community college transfer students through connections to the university. These connections include coordinated academic advising, peer-mentoring, campus visits, and online social and professional networks. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of the E-APP and its interventions, which will be measured by increased participation rates and increased university retention rates for E-APP participants. Outcome data for the students are analyzed ...


Efficient Herbicide Application To Reduce Environmental Losses, James L. Baker, Steven K. Mickelson 2016 Iowa State University

Efficient Herbicide Application To Reduce Environmental Losses, James L. Baker, Steven K. Mickelson

Steven K. Mickelson

Media reports of atrazine in rainwater and surface and groundwater resources have prompted a concerned public, which includes farmers, to find more efficient, environmentally sound ways to apply pesticides and fertilizer.


Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Runoff And Infiltration Characteristics From Laboratory Rainfall Simulations, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Bryan D. Whitman, T. L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn 2016 Iowa State University

Livestock Manure Windrow Composting Runoff And Infiltration Characteristics From Laboratory Rainfall Simulations, David F. Webber, Steven K. Mickelson, Bryan D. Whitman, T. L. Richard, Heekwon Ahn

Steven K. Mickelson

Windrow-composted livestock manure has been shown to be less hazardous to the environment compared to manure directly applied to cropland and other agricultural areas. Although offsite contaminant losses through runoff and leaching can occur during the composting process, these losses are suspected to increase under different compost moisture conditions and as composted materials mature. This research quantified the effects of windrow-composted livestock manure and straw bedding components on runoff and infiltration characteristics from laboratory rainfall simulations. Compost samples collected on three dates at approximately the beginning (day 0), middle (day 30), and end (day 60) of a June-July 2004 field ...


Impacts Of Cattle Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Loads In Surface Waters, Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy Powers, John Kovar, Richard C. Schultz, Steven K. Mickelson 2016 Iowa State University

Impacts Of Cattle Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Loads In Surface Waters, Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy Powers, John Kovar, Richard C. Schultz, Steven K. Mickelson

Steven K. Mickelson

The amounts of sediment and phosphorus (P) in water runoff from agricultural lands are of concern because of the potential for siltation and eutrophication of surface waters. There is limited information about the total sediment and P loads in runoff from pastureland in the Midwest. Because vegetation limits soil disruption caused by the impact of raindrops and forage roots hold soil particles, pastures grazed using suitable management practices should maintain water infiltration and minimize sediment and P losses in water runoff. Once sediment and P have been dislodged from the landscape, vegetative buffers can be an effective tool for reducing ...


Maintaining Food Safety Through Quality, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Daniel D. Loy, John D. Lawrence 2016 Iowa State University

Maintaining Food Safety Through Quality, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Daniel D. Loy, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

Food safety is a worldwide issue affecting millions of people who suffer from diseases caused by contaminated food. An estimated 76 million cases of foodborne disease occur each year in the United States. Policy makers are looking to enhanced quality management systems for tracing food back to its source.

This report will give producers, researchers and consumers a summary of efforts by Iowa State University Extension in food safety, quality management systems and traceability of grain and livestock products.


Comparison Of Construction Costs For Vegetative Treatment Systems In The Midwestern United States, Bradley J. Bond, Robert T. Burns, Christopher G. Henry, Todd P. Trooien, Stephen H. Pohl, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, John D. Lawrence 2016 Iowa State University

Comparison Of Construction Costs For Vegetative Treatment Systems In The Midwestern United States, Bradley J. Bond, Robert T. Burns, Christopher G. Henry, Todd P. Trooien, Stephen H. Pohl, Lara B. Moody, Matthew J. Helmers, John D. Lawrence

John Lawrence

Vegetative treatment systems (VTSs) provide an alternative to containment basin systems for beef feedlot runoff control. Beef producers in the Midwestern United States have shown an increasing interest in using VTSs as a perceived lower cost option to containment basin systems. This article reports the actual construction costs associated with 23 VTSs (nine on permitted Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) and 14 on non-permitted Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs)) and four containment basins located throughout Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Nebraska. The VTS construction costs are reported on a per head space basis in 2009 adjusted dollars for each system. Cost ...


A Targeted Conservation Approach For Improving Environmental Quality: Multiple Benefits And Expanded Opportunities, Lisa A. Schulte, Heidi Asbjornsen, Ryan Atwell, Chad E. Hart, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, Randy Kolka, Matthew Z. Liebman, Jeri Neal, Matthew E. O'Neal, Silvia Secchi, Richard C. Schultz, Janette R. Thompson, Mark D. Tomer, John C. Tyndall 2016 Iowa State University

A Targeted Conservation Approach For Improving Environmental Quality: Multiple Benefits And Expanded Opportunities, Lisa A. Schulte, Heidi Asbjornsen, Ryan Atwell, Chad E. Hart, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, Randy Kolka, Matthew Z. Liebman, Jeri Neal, Matthew E. O'Neal, Silvia Secchi, Richard C. Schultz, Janette R. Thompson, Mark D. Tomer, John C. Tyndall

Chad Hart

Find out how targeted conservation practices can have the most impact on environmental quality while causing only a small change in overall agricultural production. Environmental benefits are discussed related to clean air and water, productive soils, diverse wildlife and plant habitat, and biological controls for crop protection.


Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart 2016 Iowa State University

Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart

Chad Hart

Aflatoxin is covered under multi-peril crop insurance. The settlement is done as a deducted percentage of actual yield depending on the aflatoxin level. Producers will receive the grain after settlement.


Determining The Most Efficient Type Of Growth Light For An Aquaponics System Using Yellow Lantern Chilies (Capsicum Chinense), Travis McEachern 2016 Bellarmine University

Determining The Most Efficient Type Of Growth Light For An Aquaponics System Using Yellow Lantern Chilies (Capsicum Chinense), Travis Mceachern

Undergraduate Theses

Abstract

Aquaponics, a type of urban agriculture, shows potential to produce large amounts of food with little water and land requirements. Thus, aquaponics could help address the issue of feeding the growing worldwide population. However, multiple challenges, both technical and economical, are associated with aquaponics, making large-scale implementation of these systems difficult – these systems can require tremendous amounts of energy. This study sought to determine the most efficient types grow lights in aquaponics systems by comparing the growth rates of yellow lantern chilies (Capsicum chinense) when grown under four different types of growth lights: light-emitting diode (LED), metal halide, fluorescent ...


Economic Analysis Of Variable Rate Management For Corn And Soybean Systems, William D. Batchelor, Bruce A. Babcock, Alfred M. Blackmer, Richard M. Cruse, Thomas S. Colvin, Ramesh S. Kanwar, U. Sunday Tim 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Analysis Of Variable Rate Management For Corn And Soybean Systems, William D. Batchelor, Bruce A. Babcock, Alfred M. Blackmer, Richard M. Cruse, Thomas S. Colvin, Ramesh S. Kanwar, U. Sunday Tim

Bruce Babcock

What is the potential payoff for farmers moving from traditional whole-field management or integrated crop management to precision farming? Using computer models, the investigators sought to analyze how inputs can be applied at optimal rates variably across a field in order to match inputs with crop needs. Over the long term, only modest increases were shown in gross returns from these practices. However, gross returns for individual years can be substantial.


Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe 2016 Iowa State University

Producer Machinery And Labor Sharing Arrangements Workshops, Roger Ginder, William M. Edwards, Georgeanne M. Artz, Darren H. Jarboe

Georgeanne Artz

Four case studies were developed for Iowa farm operations that have successfully used machinery and labor sharing arrangements for intergenerational transfer of farm assets. Results were shared at workshops and through publication of a resource manual.


Minimizing Ethanol Concentration In Organosolv Pretreatment For The Saccharification Of Loblolly Pine, Nelson B. Heringer 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Minimizing Ethanol Concentration In Organosolv Pretreatment For The Saccharification Of Loblolly Pine, Nelson B. Heringer

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Organic solvent pretreatment, commonly known as organosolv, is a method used to prepare biomass for enzymatic hydrolysis for the production of biofuels. This method common uses ethanol as the organic solvent. However, this creates an economic issue with the product stream, as ethanol becomes a product and input. This project sought to explore how decreasing the use of ethanol in organosolv pretreatment affected the recoverability of sugars after enzymatic hydrolysis. Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) was pretreated at 170 °C for 60 minutes in 1% dilute sulfuric acid and an ethanol concentration varying from 65% to 35%. Compositional analysis was ...


Municipal Composting And Organic Waste Diversion: The Case Of Fayetteville, Arkansas, Michael E. Hoppe 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Municipal Composting And Organic Waste Diversion: The Case Of Fayetteville, Arkansas, Michael E. Hoppe

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

It is estimated that 40% of food is wasted in the United States; representing $165 billion in wasted resources. A vast majority of that wasted food is ultimately placed in landfills where it decomposes and releases harmful greenhouse gases (GHGs). In fact, food waste alone is responsible for 23% of annual methane emissions for the US. This has a huge impact on global climate change due to the potency of methane as a greenhouse gas. Currently only 5% of the food waste produced is recovered across the nation. Source reduction would be the best solution to reducing this food waste ...


Cfd Model For Ventilation In Broiler Holding Sheds, Christian Heymsfield 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Cfd Model For Ventilation In Broiler Holding Sheds, Christian Heymsfield

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Broiler production in Arkansas was valued at over $3.6 billion in 2013 (University of Arkansas Extension of Agriculture). Consequently, improvement in any phase of the production process can have significant economic impact and animal welfare implications. From the time poultry leave the farm and until they are slaughtered, they can be exposed to harsh environmental conditions, both in winter and in summer. After road transportation, birds are left to wait in holding sheds once they arrive at the processing plant, for periods of approximately 30 minutes to two hours. This project was interested in this holding shed waiting time ...


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