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Exploring Multiple Operating Scenarios To Identify Low-Cost, High Nitrate Removal Strategies For Electrically-Stimulated Woodchip Bioreactors, Ji-Yeow Law, Michelle L. Soupir, D. Raj Raman, Thomas Moorman 2018 Iowa State University

Exploring Multiple Operating Scenarios To Identify Low-Cost, High Nitrate Removal Strategies For Electrically-Stimulated Woodchip Bioreactors, Ji-Yeow Law, Michelle L. Soupir, D. Raj Raman, Thomas Moorman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Woodchip bioreactors are recognized as an effective best management practice in the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy. This edge-of-field practice intercepts and removes NO3-N, thereby reducing the NO3-N concentration in tile drainage before being discharged into surface water. Actual NO3-N load reductions realized by woodchip bioreactors are impacted by bioreactor size, hydraulic retention time (HRT), and denitrification efficiency. A typical woodchip bioreactor in Iowa may have 0.07% bioreactor area with respect to treatment area, 4–8 h HRT, and 43% mean denitrification efficiency. Here, we explored the potential of using electrically stimulated woodchip bioreactors to achieve greater NO3-N removal, and ...


Evaluation Of Annagnps For Simulating The Inundation Of Drained And Farmed Potholes In The Prairie Pothole Region Of Iowa, Pawan Upadhyaya, L. O. S. Pruski, Amy Kaleita, Michelle L. Soupir 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Annagnps For Simulating The Inundation Of Drained And Farmed Potholes In The Prairie Pothole Region Of Iowa, Pawan Upadhyaya, L. O. S. Pruski, Amy Kaleita, Michelle L. Soupir

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Closed surface depressions, also known as “potholes” play an important role in the hydrologic cycle and provide multiple environmental services including flood mitigation, water quality improvements and wildlife habitat. In the Prairie Pothole Region, which covers approximately 715,000 km2, including parts of three Canadian provinces (Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Alberta) and five states in the U.S. (Minnesota, Iowa, North and South Dakota, and Montana), these potholes are typically farmed and are a dominant feature in the landscape. In this study, we evaluate the Annualized Agriculture Non-Point Source (AnnAGNPS) model for simulating the inundation behavior of two farmed potholes, termed ...


U.S. Agro-Climate In 20th Century: Growing Degree Days, First And Last Frost, Growing Season Length, And Impacts On Crop Yields, Meetpal Singh Kukal, Suat Irmak 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

U.S. Agro-Climate In 20th Century: Growing Degree Days, First And Last Frost, Growing Season Length, And Impacts On Crop Yields, Meetpal Singh Kukal, Suat Irmak

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Significant air temperature changes have occurred globally during the 20th century, which are spatially variable to a considerable degree and these changes can have substantial implications in agroecosystem productivity. The agroclimate indicators that are responsible in these contexts are first fall frost (FFF), last spring frost (LSF), climatological growing season (CGS) length, and heat accumulation (growing degree days, GDD). We explore spatial and temporal trends associated with these indices across the continental U.S. (CONUS) during 1900–2014 using datasets collected at 1218 sites. On average, FFF has been occurring later (by 5.4 days century−1), and LSF has ...


Effect Of Incubation Temperature On Phosphorous Release From Soils To Water, Seth Boles 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Incubation Temperature On Phosphorous Release From Soils To Water, Seth Boles

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, nutrient release into flood waters and runoff has been a major concern within the Illinois River watershed, as well as nationwide. This study investigated whether there was a change in the release rate of soluble reactive phosphorous (SRP) into overlying water from soil cores incubated at different temperatures. Soil cores were incubated at 4.4°C, 20°C, and 32°C. After inundation, water samples were taken periodically over a seven-hour period and SRP measured. Following the drainage of the water, the upper 5 cm soil from each core was dried and analyzed for Mehlich III-extractable and ...


Investigating Initial Interactions Between Silver Nanoparticles And Wastewater, Casey Gibson 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigating Initial Interactions Between Silver Nanoparticles And Wastewater, Casey Gibson

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The use of nanoparticles (NPs) has increased exponentially in the last 15-20 years, especially in the consumer market. NPs are currently found in over 1800 commercial products, including cosmetics, clothing, packaging, and toys. As a result, NPs can enter the environment via wastewater (WW) streams, leading to new challenges in WW treatment. This study focuses on the initial fate of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in WW. The AgNP interaction including aggregation and dissolution in both synthetic and real WW were studied. Real WW was collected from the primary-clarifier, secondary-clarifier, and effluent WW streams at two local WW treatment plants (Westside and ...


Nutrient Limitation Of Algal Growth In Fishery Lakes, Madeline Ludwig 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Nutrient Limitation Of Algal Growth In Fishery Lakes, Madeline Ludwig

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study investigated the effect of nutrient addition on algal growth in three United States Forest Service lakes for fishery management in Arkansas. In fishery managed lakes, fertilization works by manipulating algae growth, a basal food resource in lakes, to promote the growth of the fish population. For the nutrient addition experiments, water was collected from each lake in cubitainers and spiked with nutrients; the treatments included the control, nitrogen (+N), phosphorus (+P), and nitrogen and phosphorus (+N +P). When algal growth was visually observed, a water sample was collected from each cubitainer and analyzed for chlorophyll-α. The results showed ...


In-Cage Surface Wetting System For Cooling Poultry In Transport, Ryan Clark 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

In-Cage Surface Wetting System For Cooling Poultry In Transport, Ryan Clark

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Poultry health and mortality rates are important considerations in poultry production, as companies can minimize product loss and appeal to a consumer base whose concern for animal welfare continues to grow. Although animal welfare is a consideration for the entire poultry production process, this project focuses on the live-haul phase of the process, specifically during transport from grow houses to processing facilities. During the summer months, broiler chickens being transported can suffer from heat stress that can lead to death. This project consists of the designing and testing of an in-cage surface wetting system to minimize heat stress incidents ...


Automated Control System Design Manual For Plant Growth And Support, Brooke Benham 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Automated Control System Design Manual For Plant Growth And Support, Brooke Benham

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The “Automated Control System Design Manual for Plant Growth and Support” project contains a teaching manual for high school students and teachers to use to aid in teaching STEM subjects. Building confidence in students and encouraging the pursuit of STEM related fields is one of the primary functions. This project utilizes low cost instruments and freely available software to teach the construction, installation, programming, and application for an automated control system with emphasis on plant growth and regulation. The end result is a fully automated system that can be controlled wirelessly via an android application to monitor temperature, humidity, and ...


Modelling The Influence Of Crop Density And Weather Conditions On Field Drying Characteristics Of Switchgrass And Maize Stover Using Random Forest, Amit Khanchi, Stuart J. Birrell, Robert B. Mitchell 2018 Iowa State University

Modelling The Influence Of Crop Density And Weather Conditions On Field Drying Characteristics Of Switchgrass And Maize Stover Using Random Forest, Amit Khanchi, Stuart J. Birrell, Robert B. Mitchell

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Field drying trials were conducted using both field baskets as well as grab sampling techniques to study drying behaviour of switchgrass and maize (corn) stover (CS). Environmental conditions such as hourly solar radiation, vapour pressure deficit (VPD), average wind speed, rainfall amount, harvesting method, and field operations such as swath density were used as variables for model development. A powerful classification-based algorithm, which uses a collection of decision trees called random forest (RF) was utilised to predict moisture content (MC) of switchgrass and CS on wet basis. RF predicted the MC of switchgrass and CS with a coefficient of determination ...


Effect Of Incubation Temperature On Phosphorous Release From Soils To Water, Seth Boles 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Incubation Temperature On Phosphorous Release From Soils To Water, Seth Boles

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, nutrient release into flood waters and runoff has been a major concern within the Illinois River watershed, as well as nationwide. This study investigated whether there was a change in the release rate of soluble reactive phosphorous (SRP) into overlying water from soil cores incubated at different temperatures. Soil cores were incubated at 4.4°C, 20°C, and 32°C. After inundation, water samples were taken periodically over a seven-hour period and SRP measured. Following the drainage of the water, the upper 5 cm soil from each core was dried and analyzed for Mehlich III-extractable and ...


Chloride Salt Inhibition On Lipid Production In Wastewater-Grown Algae For Biofuel Production, Will Richardson 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Chloride Salt Inhibition On Lipid Production In Wastewater-Grown Algae For Biofuel Production, Will Richardson

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Algae are increasingly being recognized as useful organisms for many applications in today’s world. Their ability to remove nitrogen, phosphorus, and trace metals from water while adding oxygen to water makes them an attractive tertiary treatment technology in municipal wastewater treatment facilities. At the same time, algae produce lipids and carbohydrates that are useful for biofuel production, and they are not a human food crop unlike many biofuel feedstocks. In this study the effect of increased chloride concentrations in wastewater was assessed on the ability of two species of algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus dimorphus, to function as a ...


Assessing Auto-Flocculation Of Microalgae In Wastewater Treatment, Alexander Parr 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessing Auto-Flocculation Of Microalgae In Wastewater Treatment, Alexander Parr

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Biofuels produced from algae have the prospect to provide a cheap, carbon neutral alternative to fossil fuels. However, the high cost for harvesting algae limits its wide application, as the preferred algae strains for biofuel production are typically unicellular microalgae that do not settle in water very well. Recently, researchers have been focusing on developing a biological method to achieve the sedimentation of algae through flocculation. A recent study has concluded that introducing microalgae that self-flocculates increases the recovery of the desired microalgae, similar to the effect of using coagulant to flocculate the algae. This option can potentially be more ...


Performance Assessment Of Solid State Anaerobic Digestion Of Poultry Litter, Mason Puckett 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Performance Assessment Of Solid State Anaerobic Digestion Of Poultry Litter, Mason Puckett

Biological and Agricultural Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The disposal of poultry litter can exert an economic and environmental burden to the agriculture community. As a result, it is desirable to reduce the amount of waste and recover resources from the waste. This study focuses on the construction and preliminary testing of a laboratory scale (20 L) solid state anaerobic digester (AD) fed with dry poultry litter. Glucose was added in addition to the poultry litter to achieve the appropriate C:N ratio to support the growth of anaerobic microorganisms. The AD was first fed every 4 days at 4 g VS/L/feeding for 24 days, rested ...


Adam J. Liska: Curriculum Vitae, Adam Liska 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Adam J. Liska: Curriculum Vitae, Adam Liska

Adam Liska Papers

Associate Professor, George Dempster Smith Chair of Industrial Ecology, Departments of Biological Systems Engineering and Agronomy & Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 236 L.W. Chase Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583-0726, Ph: (402) 472-8744, e-mail: aliska2@unl.edu

Ph.D. 2003 Biology (magna cum laude), Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology & Genetics, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany


Biobutanol Production From Cellulosic And Sugar-Based Feedstock From The Corn Plant, Reyna Gomez-Flores 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Biobutanol Production From Cellulosic And Sugar-Based Feedstock From The Corn Plant, Reyna Gomez-Flores

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, biobutanol production by biological fermentation was investigated from the corn plant, integrating two approaches. The first one was to utilize corn cobs, a cellulosic-based material. The second, using a new sugar-based material, sugarcorn juice. Utilizing suitable Clostridia strains for each substrate, these approaches converged into a biorefinery concept to produce renewable biofuels in Ontario, Canada. The corn cob pretreatment was carried out by a dilute acid method resulting in temperature as the variable with most significant effect towards glucose liberation. The enzymatic hydrolysis was performed utilizing a very low concentration of an enzymatic stock solution with approximately ...


Kinetic Modeling Of Corn Fermentation With S. Cerevisiae Using A Variable Temperature Strategy, Augusto C. M. Souza, Mohammad Mousaviraad, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2018 Iowa State University

Kinetic Modeling Of Corn Fermentation With S. Cerevisiae Using A Variable Temperature Strategy, Augusto C. M. Souza, Mohammad Mousaviraad, Kenneth O. M. Mapoka, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

While fermentation is usually done at a fixed temperature, in this study, the effect of having a controlled variable temperature was analyzed. A nonlinear system was used to model batch ethanol fermentation, using corn as substrate and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, at five different fixed and controlled variable temperatures. The lower temperatures presented higher ethanol yields but took a longer time to reach equilibrium. Higher temperatures had higher initial growth rates, but the decay of yeast cells was faster compared to the lower temperatures. However, in a controlled variable temperature model, the temperature decreased with time with the initial value ...


Water Usage Reduction At Food Processing Facility, Matthew Bradley, Derek LaPolice, Christian Peterson, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel 2018 Iowa State University

Water Usage Reduction At Food Processing Facility, Matthew Bradley, Derek Lapolice, Christian Peterson, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel

TSM 416 Technology Capstone Projects

Burke Corporation is one of the largest companies in Nevada, Iowa and they make processed foods specifically pizza topping. Burke also uses 25% of the city’s fresh water supply. The company spends 875,000 dollars each year and uses 65,385,000 gallons of water. Burke wants to reduce these costs and in turn be more environmentally friendly. One of the bigger issues noticed is that to heat up one of their pipes they are running hot water over it. This wastes water and also creates a slip and fall hazard.


Agriculture Engine Oil Filter Test Stand, Austin Claussen, Brandon Lavery, Cole Olson, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel 2018 Iowa State University

Agriculture Engine Oil Filter Test Stand, Austin Claussen, Brandon Lavery, Cole Olson, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel

TSM 416 Technology Capstone Projects

Our group worked on a project from Fleenor Manufacturing. This is a small company based out of Pella, Iowa owned by Jeff Fleenor. Jeff’s company focuses on creating solutions to unique problems across a wide spectrum of markets (Bruning et al., 2017; Yeggy et al., 2017). On this project, our client wanted to improve an existing test stand used for running oil filter tests, which can take up to four hours per test, and only test one filter size. We would like to minimize the time it takes to run a test while also enabling it to use different ...


Adm Demonstration Model Sifter, Brian Davis, Ross Henning, Kyle Henik, Levi Benning, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel 2018 Iowa State University

Adm Demonstration Model Sifter, Brian Davis, Ross Henning, Kyle Henik, Levi Benning, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel

TSM 416 Technology Capstone Projects

Archer Daniels Midland Company was established in 1902 by George A. Archer and John W. Daniels under the name Archer-Daniels Linseed Company. To summarize Archer Daniels Midland Company, here is a snapshot from their mission statement, “Today, we’re one of the world’s largest agricultural processors and food ingredient providers, with approximately 32,000 employees serving customers in more than 170+ countries. ADM has a globally recognized value chain that strives to connect the harvest to the home” (Archer Daniels Midland, 2018).

The problem we worked to solve is improving operator knowledge of sifter and sieve operation and function ...


Grain Cart Pathways And Compaction, Cody Gradert, Garett Hagenow, Jacob Steinbeck, Kyle Kent, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel 2018 Iowa State University

Grain Cart Pathways And Compaction, Cody Gradert, Garett Hagenow, Jacob Steinbeck, Kyle Kent, Joseph R. Vanstrom, Jacek A. Koziel

TSM 416 Technology Capstone Projects

A typical field is compacted by wheel tracks on 80-90% of its area (NRCS National Soil Survey Center, 2011). This results in reduced yields, reduced soil health, and reduced water infiltration. Creating a plan to limit compaction could provide numerous benefits to farmers everywhere. John Deere Intelligent Solutions Group (ISG) is located in Urbandale and is responsible for developing precision agriculture hardware and software for John Deere (Ciha et al., 2017). Farmers all over the world use these products. ISG would like to know more about the effect on yield and profit that compaction from grain carts is responsible for ...


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