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Mathematical Modeling Of Equilibrium Moisture Content Of Local Cardamom (Amomum Cardamomum Wild), Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Sigit Triwahyudi, Budi Rahardjo, Leopold O. Nelwan, Dyah Wulandani 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Mathematical Modeling Of Equilibrium Moisture Content Of Local Cardamom (Amomum Cardamomum Wild), Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Sigit Triwahyudi, Budi Rahardjo, Leopold O. Nelwan, Dyah Wulandani

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The objective of this work was done to investigate the effect of temperature and relative humidity on the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of local cardamom (Amomum cardamomum Wild) and to get the appropriate mathematical models. The EMC of local cardamom were determined by dynamic method using laboratory air dryer at the temperature of 40, 50 and 600C and at the relative humidity of 20, 40 and 60%. Four widely used three parameters sorption isotherms equations such as modified Henderson, modified Chung–Pfost, modified Oswin and modified Halsey were used to fit the experimental data. The accuracy of the model was ...


Evapotranspiration From Natural Vegetation In The Central Valley Of California: Monthly Grass Reference-Based Vegetation Coefficients And The Dual Crop Coefficient Approach, Daniel J. Howes, Phyllis Fox, Paul H. Hutton 2015 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evapotranspiration From Natural Vegetation In The Central Valley Of California: Monthly Grass Reference-Based Vegetation Coefficients And The Dual Crop Coefficient Approach, Daniel J. Howes, Phyllis Fox, Paul H. Hutton

Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering

Restoration activities in the Central Valley of California and elsewhere require accurate evapotranspiration information, which can then be used for a wide variety of surface and subsurface hydrologic evaluations. However, directly measuring evapotranspiration can be difficult or impossible depending on the evaluation’s time frame. Transferability of measured evapotranspiration in time and space is also necessary but typically requires a weather-based reference. For nonagricultural vegetation, there is at present time no standard reference, which makes the evaluation of a variety of vegetation types from different sources difficult and time-consuming. This paper examines several methods used to estimate evapotranspiration from native ...


Denitrification And Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Annual Croplands, Perennial Grass Buffers, And Restored Perennial Grasslands, Javed Iqbal, Timothy B. Parkin, Matthew J. Helmers, Xiaobo Zhou, Michael J. Castellano 2015 Iowa State University

Denitrification And Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Annual Croplands, Perennial Grass Buffers, And Restored Perennial Grasslands, Javed Iqbal, Timothy B. Parkin, Matthew J. Helmers, Xiaobo Zhou, Michael J. Castellano

Agronomy Publications and Papers

Inclusion of perennial vegetation filter strips (PFSs) in the toeslope of annual cropland watersheds can decrease NO3–N losses to ground and surface waters. Although PFSs are similar to riparian buffers, the processes responsible for NO3–N removal from PFSs are not well understood. Our objectives were to (i) determine the importance of denitrification as a sink for NO3–N loss from PFSs and (ii) evaluate how PFSs alter the biophysical processes that affect the relative importance of N2O and N2 emissions. To address our objectives, we used a coupled field laboratory approach with ...


Comparing Nitrate Sink Strength In Perennial Filter Strips At Toeslopes Of Cropland Watersheds, David C. Mitchell, Xiaobo Zhou, Timothy B. Parkin, Matthew J. Helmers, Michael J. Castellano 2015 Iowa State University

Comparing Nitrate Sink Strength In Perennial Filter Strips At Toeslopes Of Cropland Watersheds, David C. Mitchell, Xiaobo Zhou, Timothy B. Parkin, Matthew J. Helmers, Michael J. Castellano

Agronomy Publications and Papers

Integration of perennial filter strips (PFS) into the toeslopes of agricultural watersheds may decrease downstream nitrate (NO3) losses. However, long-term NO3 removal depends on the relative importance of several NO3 sinks in the PFS. Plant biomass and labile soil organic matter (SOM) are temporary NO3 sinks, while stable SOM is a long-term, but potentially finite, NO3 sink. In contrast, denitrification is a permanent NO3 sink. We investigated the relative importance of these NO3 sinks in PFS at the toeslope of row crop watersheds in Iowa. Using 25- × 30-cm in situ mesocosms, we added ...


Greenhouse Gas And Energy Based Life Cycle Analysis Of Products From The Irish Wood Processing Industry, Fionnuala Murphy, Ger Devlin, Kevin McDonnell 2015 University College Dublin

Greenhouse Gas And Energy Based Life Cycle Analysis Of Products From The Irish Wood Processing Industry, Fionnuala Murphy, Ger Devlin, Kevin Mcdonnell

Fionnuala Murphy

The timber industry in Ireland is an important producer of wood products for export and indigenous use, and supplies significant volumes of sawmill co-products as biomass for energy generation. This research expands existing knowledge on the environmental impacts of wood supply chains in Ireland by widening the analysis to incorporate the wood processing stage. The study determines and analyses energy and material inputs in the production of several timber products; sawnwood, wood chip, wood-based panel (WBP) boards and wood pellets, with an analysis of the resulting greenhouse gas emissions. Forestry operations and transportation make an important contribution to overall emissions ...


Teaching Data Information Literacy Skills In A Library Workshop Setting: A Case Study In Agricultural And Biological Engineering, Marianne S. Bracke, Michael Fosmire 2015 Purdue University

Teaching Data Information Literacy Skills In A Library Workshop Setting: A Case Study In Agricultural And Biological Engineering, Marianne S. Bracke, Michael Fosmire

Data Information Literacy Case Study Directory

This case study was comprised of three workshops for a lab in Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Data Information Literacy topics covered include developing and following a standard operating procedure, search for external data and creating metadata. Materials include a book chapter describing the case study, a data archiving checklist to follow for describing the types of data generated by the lab, a metadata entry form and an evaluation form used to gather feedback for each of the three sessions.


Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher 2015 Iowa State University

Perceptions Of Agricultural College Students On The Relationship Between Quality And Safety In Agricultural Work Environments, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Agriculture is a high-hazard industry that employs a large number of young workers below the age of 25. Recent studies have documented a strong positive correlation between quality management in agriculture and occupational safety as perceived by agricultural workers. Younger workers have been found to be at higher risk for occupational injuries and fatalities in agriculture. Furthermore, college students in agriculture have minimal exposure to safety and quality management principles in their coursework and thus may not be aware that the two concepts are associated. Little research has studied how young workers perceive the relationship between safety and quality and ...


Center Pivot Sprinkler Distribution Uniformity Impacts On The Spatial Variability Of Evapotranspiration, Daniel Howes, Sean Ellenson, Lucas Hoffmann, Franklin Gaudi 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Center Pivot Sprinkler Distribution Uniformity Impacts On The Spatial Variability Of Evapotranspiration, Daniel Howes, Sean Ellenson, Lucas Hoffmann, Franklin Gaudi

Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering

Understanding variable evapotranspiration (ET) throughout a field can help maximize yield on a per-acre basis, as well as assist with proper irrigation scheduling. The results from this study indicate that irrigation system distribution uniformity (DU) has a significant effect on the uniformity of ET during water-stressed periods. The study site involved intensely managed forage (alfalfa and winter grain hay) irrigated by center pivots being supplied with reclaimed water near Palmdale, California. During spring and early summer 2007 the center pivots were operating under deficit irrigation. In 2010, after the installation of reservoirs, water was applied to meet full evapotranspiration (ETc ...


Feedlot Manure Management Considerations Including Anaerobic Digestion Potential And Mineral Retention, Andrea K. Watson 2014 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Feedlot Manure Management Considerations Including Anaerobic Digestion Potential And Mineral Retention, Andrea K. Watson

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Three anaerobic digestion trials were conducted to evaluate methane production from feedlot manure. As organic matter content of manure decreased, degradation of manure and methane production also linearly decreased (P ≤ 0.02). Quality, or organic matter content of manure, had a greater impact on anaerobic digestion than diet (with and without distillers grains) fed to cattle. Minerals are concentrated in effluent removed from anaerobic digesters.

Knowing mineral retention within cattle allows for more accurate calculation of mineral excretion in manure. Three serial slaughter trials measured mineral retention in growing and finishing cattle. During a growing phase, beef cattle gaining 1 ...


Aquaponics Art, Alexander Horton 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Aquaponics Art, Alexander Horton

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Aquaponics has enormous potential to change the way we farm. I wanted to connect more people to Cal Poly's first aquaponics club by creating a functioning aquaponics art installation that allows people to plant their own plants. This paper is catalog of the design process as a reflection of what this project hopes to accomplish.


Post Harvest Treatment Of Crops Using Emulsified Petroleum, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Shourya Pokhriyal, , Kanishk Rawat 2014 Innovative Research Publications

Post Harvest Treatment Of Crops Using Emulsified Petroleum, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Shourya Pokhriyal, , Kanishk Rawat

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The present invention relates to the post-harvest treatment method for eradication of biological infestation in crops including pests, parasites, funguses, moulds, etc. comprises the step of applying post-harvest to the crop by petroleum oil that has a density at 15° C. in the range of 0.75 to 0.83 g/ml.


Estimating Streambank Erosion Using Gps-Based Watershed-Scale Video Mapping And Usepa Bancs For The Development Of Sediment Tmdls, Kelsey Jo Hensley 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Estimating Streambank Erosion Using Gps-Based Watershed-Scale Video Mapping And Usepa Bancs For The Development Of Sediment Tmdls, Kelsey Jo Hensley

Masters Theses

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), sediment is one of the most common water pollutants in the nation’s rivers. Consequently, the identification of streambank locations with high erosion potential is important in reducing sediment input via management and monitoring practices. Furthermore, the estimation of erosion rates and sediment loads can assist in the development of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). The objective of this study was to integrate two USEPA-recommended approaches with the Streambank Video Mapping System (SVMS) in order to predict site-specific Total Daily Sediment Loads (TDSLs) and calculate sediment TMDLs for streambank erosion over ...


Field Abundance And Performance Of Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) On Soybean Aphid, James O. Eckberg, Julie A. Peterson, Colin P. Borsh, Joe M. Kaser, Gregg A. Johnson, John C. Luhman, Donald L. Wyse, George E. Heimpel 2014 University of Minnesota

Field Abundance And Performance Of Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) On Soybean Aphid, James O. Eckberg, Julie A. Peterson, Colin P. Borsh, Joe M. Kaser, Gregg A. Johnson, John C. Luhman, Donald L. Wyse, George E. Heimpel

West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte

The management of the soybean aphid Aphis glycines Matsumara is a major challenge to soybean production in the north-central United States. The identification and characterization of the insect predator community has informed integrated pest management strategies by providing insight on predators that can suppress soybean aphid populations. Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) are known predators of A. glycines, but more information is needed on their diversity, abundance, and performance to evaluate their importance as biological control agents of A. glycines. In this study, syrphid abundance was evaluated across two growing seasons in four soybean fields in east-central Minnesota. Six methods were used ...


Methane Production By A Packed-Bed Anaerobic Digester Fed Dairy Barn Flush Water, Sean Richard Thomson 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Methane Production By A Packed-Bed Anaerobic Digester Fed Dairy Barn Flush Water, Sean Richard Thomson

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Packed-bed digesters are an alternative to covered lagoon digesters for methane production and anaerobic treatment of dilute wastewaters such as dairy barn flush water. The physical media of packed-beds retain biofilms, often allowing increased treatment rates. Previous studies have evaluated several types of media for digestion of dilute wastewaters, but cost and media fouling have setback commercial development. A major operational cost has been effluent recirculation pumping.

In the present effort, a novel approach to anaerobic digestion of flush dairy water was developed at pilot-scale: broken walnut shells were used as a low-cost packed-bed medium and effluent recirculation was replaced ...


Mechanical Pretreatment Of Corncobs For Bioethanol Production By A Twin-Screw Extruder, Jun Zheng 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Mechanical Pretreatment Of Corncobs For Bioethanol Production By A Twin-Screw Extruder, Jun Zheng

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Extrusion pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomasses is a physical continuous pretreatment method for subsequent fermentative ethanol production. Twin-screw elements (conveying, kneading and reverse) have different effects on enzymatic digestibility according to their geometries and functions. The first study evaluated the effects of individual functional screw elements on enzymatic digestibility and found that extrusion enhanced enzymatic digestibility under all tested condition. Reverse and kneading screw elements however resulted in lignin re-distribution over the cellulose fibres, blocked pores (shown via SEM) and resulted in less digestible biomass, compared to conveying screw elements, only. Lignin removal via NaOH reversed this effect and the highest ...


Nutrient Runoff Following Swine Manure Application, Seth J. Lamb 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nutrient Runoff Following Swine Manure Application, Seth J. Lamb

Environmental Engineering Theses and Graduate Student Research

A field study was completed to compare the effects of land application methods, swine growth stage, and varying flow rates following the application of varying amounts of swine manure to 0.75-m by 2.00-m long plots. Three different manure sources were used to represent key different growth stages including growers, finishers, and sows and gilts. The different swine manures were applied in May and Jun 2011 to meet a 1 year nitrogen (N) requirement for corn. Three different land application methods were used to apply the swine manure, broadcast, incorporation, and injection. Runoff water quality was measured during three ...


An Investigation Of Quality Climate And Its Association With Implementation Of Quality Management System, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher 2014 Iowa State University

An Investigation Of Quality Climate And Its Association With Implementation Of Quality Management System, Sai K. Ramaswamy, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Quality management and continuous improvement are paramount for businesses to survive and thrive in today’s competitive landscape (Goetsch & Davis, 2003; Abdullah et al., 2009). One effective approach to operationalize quality processes and continuous improvement goals is a formalized quality management system (Khanna et al., 2010; Mosher et al., 2013). Quality management systems are embodiments of the organization’s policies, procedures, plans, resources, processes and delegation of responsibility and authority designed to achieve customer satisfaction within the boundaries of organizational objectives (Goetsch & Davis, 2003). While these systems are being used extensively across many industries, the ideas are relatively new to the bulk commodity handling and processing industries (Hurburgh & Lawrence, 2003). Although factors such as globalization and legislation have been external drivers for the adoption of quality management systems in these industries, internal benefits have also been noted as a result of these systems (Laux, 2007; Laux & Hurburgh, 2010).


Use Of Risk Mapping Tools To Identify Hazards In Bulk Material Handling, Saxon J. Ryan, Gretchen A. Mosher 2014 Iowa State University

Use Of Risk Mapping Tools To Identify Hazards In Bulk Material Handling, Saxon J. Ryan, Gretchen A. Mosher

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The identification, assessment, and mitigation of risk in complex systems are challenging tasks. Risk analysis is often used in complex systems to reduce the probability of negative events occurring in such systems, and to enhance the decisions made under uncertain conditions (Clemons & Simmons, 1998). The conventional risk analysis framework includes three sub-components: assessment of risk, management of risk, and communication of risk (Codex, 2007). Mapping the risk analysis process within a specific system allows for the identification of the most high-stakes hazards, allowing an efficient application of management and mitigation activities (Clemons & Simmons, 1998; Stamatelatos et al., 2002).


Reply To ‘Co2 Emissions From Crop Residue-Derived Biofuels’, Adam Liska, Haishun Yang, Matthew P. Pelton, Andrew E. Suyker 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Reply To ‘Co2 Emissions From Crop Residue-Derived Biofuels’, Adam Liska, Haishun Yang, Matthew P. Pelton, Andrew E. Suyker

Adam Liska Papers

The soil organic carbon (SOC) model that we used was parameterized with data from arable land under normal farming conditions in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia, but the equation is insensitive to changes in tillage, soil texture and moisture. The model has reasonable accuracy, however, in predicting changes in SOC, residue remaining and CO2 emissions from initial SOC, carbon inputs from residue, and daily temperature; the shoot-to-root ratio used in the geospatial simulation was 0.29 (that is, root carbon is 29% of total aboveground carbon), which did not underestimate carbon input to soil (Supplementary Figure 2 in ...


Successful Strategies For Engaging Community Colleges And Universities In Transfer Partnership, Marcia R. Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Steven K. Mickelson, Mack C. Shelley, Kari Hensen 2014 University of Iowa

Successful Strategies For Engaging Community Colleges And Universities In Transfer Partnership, Marcia R. Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Steven K. Mickelson, Mack C. Shelley, Kari Hensen

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In order to increase the number of students (U.S. citizens or permanent residents) receiving associate or baccalaureate degrees in established or emerging fields within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), the National Science Foundation (NSF) established the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Talent Expansion Program (STEP).

The Student Enrollment and Engagement through Connections (SEEC) project is a collaboration between Iowa State University (ISU) and Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) funded by a STEP grant to increase the number of students graduating with a bachelor's degree in engineering at ISU and the number of students in pre-engineering study ...


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