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Data-Driven Modeling, Control And Tools For Cyber-Physical Energy Systems, Madhur Behl, Achin Jain, Rahul Mangharam 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Data-Driven Modeling, Control And Tools For Cyber-Physical Energy Systems, Madhur Behl, Achin Jain, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Demand response (DR) is becoming increasingly important as the volatility on the grid continues to increase. Current DR approaches are completely manual and rule-based or in- volve deriving first principles based models which are ex- tremely cost and time prohibitive to build. We consider the problem of data-driven end-user DR for large buildings which involves predicting the demand response baseline, evaluating fixed rule based DR strategies and synthesizing DR control actions. We provide a model based control with regression trees algorithm (mbCRT), which allows us to perform closed- loop control for DR strategy synthesis for large commercial buildings. Our data-driven ...


Airborne Lidar Acquisition, Post-Processing And Accuracy-Checking For A 3d Webgis Of Copan, Honduras, Jennifer von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Maria Grazia Spera, Michael Auer, Nicolas Billen, Lukas Loos, Laura Stelson, Markus Reindel 2016 German Archaeological Institute

Airborne Lidar Acquisition, Post-Processing And Accuracy-Checking For A 3d Webgis Of Copan, Honduras, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Maria Grazia Spera, Michael Auer, Nicolas Billen, Lukas Loos, Laura Stelson, Markus Reindel

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Archaeological projects increasingly collect airborne LiDAR data to use as a remote sensing tool for survey and analysis. Publication possibilities for LiDAR datasets, however, are limited due to the large size and often proprietary nature of the data. Fortunately, web-based, geographic information systems (WebGIS) that can securely manage temporal and spatial data hold great promise as virtual research environments for working with and publishing LiDAR data. To test this and to obtain new data for archaeological research, in 2013, the MayaArch3D Project (www.mayaarch3d.org) collected LiDAR data for the archaeological site of Copan, Honduras. Results include: 1) more accurate ...


Regulation Of Unknown: A Lesson From Japan’S Public Law And Policy For Next-Generation Robots, Yueh-Hsuan Weng 2016 Peking University

Regulation Of Unknown: A Lesson From Japan’S Public Law And Policy For Next-Generation Robots, Yueh-Hsuan Weng

Yueh-Hsuan Weng

Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) had established the Robot Policy Committee since 2004. The METI robots policy guidelines cover many fields of business, technology, innovation and safety, which is essential to the realization of the human-robot coexistence society. A crucial part of Japanese robot policy is "Tokku" Special Zone". Japanese government approved the establishment of special zones in many major cities for universities and companies to test their robots in real environments in order to solve an industrial crisis that strict laws restrict the development of RT industry. Though the history of RT special zone is merely ...


Enhanced Indoor Localization System Based On Inertial Navigation, Rasika Lakmal Hettiarachchige Don 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Enhanced Indoor Localization System Based On Inertial Navigation, Rasika Lakmal Hettiarachchige Don

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An algorithm for indoor localization of pedestrians using an improved Inertial Navigation system is presented for smartphone based applications. When using standard inertial navigation algorithm, errors in sensors due to random noise and bias result in a large drift from the actual location with time. Novel corrections are introduced for the basic system to increase the accuracy by counteracting the accumulation of this drift error, which are applied using a Kalman filter framework.

A generalized velocity model was applied to correct the walking velocity and the accuracy of the algorithm was investigated with three different velocity models which were derived ...


An Ontology And Integration Framework For Smart Communities, Steven R Ray, Shishir Kinkar, Mark Hennessy 2016

An Ontology And Integration Framework For Smart Communities, Steven R Ray, Shishir Kinkar, Mark Hennessy

Steven R Ray

This paper describes our work concerning the definition of a neutral, abstract ontology, and framework that supports the vision and diverse contexts of a smart community. This framework is composed of a general, core ontology that supports what many are calling the Internet of Things (IoT), a scalable number of extension ontologies to describe various application perspectives, and a mapping methodology to relate external data and/or schemas to our ontology. Finally, we show why this ontology is scalable and generic enough to support a wide range of smart devices, systems, and people.


Grafalgo - A Library Of Graph Algorithms And Supporting Data Structures (Revised), Jonathan Turner 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Grafalgo - A Library Of Graph Algorithms And Supporting Data Structures (Revised), Jonathan Turner

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

This report provides an (updated) overview of Grafalgo, an open-source library of graph algorithms and the data structures used to implement them. The programs in this library were originally written to support a graduate class in advanced data structures and algorithms at Washington University. Because the code's primary purpose was pedagogical, it was written to be as straightforward as possible, while still being highly efficient. Grafalgo is implemented in C++ and incorporates some features of C++11. The library is available on an open-source basis and may be downloaded from https://code.google.com/p/grafalgo/. Source code documentation ...


Measuring The Effectiveness Of Software-Based Training To Improve The Spatial Visualization Skills Of Students In Stem Disciplines In Higher Education Institutions, Peter Cole 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Measuring The Effectiveness Of Software-Based Training To Improve The Spatial Visualization Skills Of Students In Stem Disciplines In Higher Education Institutions, Peter Cole

Dissertations

This research investigates how software can be used to teach spatial skills leading to greater success in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematical (STEM) fields. Existing research indicates that spatial skills can be taught and that good spatial skills are common to people who succeed in STEM fields. In this work, a software-only testing system with a direct targeted, training intervention module was implemented to measure and teach spatial skills using mental rotations, which are believed to be one of the most significant indicators of success in STEM fields. Spatial skills were tested using a standardized and validated test that measures ...


Forecasting Bike Rental Demand Using New York Citi Bike Data, Wen Wang 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Forecasting Bike Rental Demand Using New York Citi Bike Data, Wen Wang

Dissertations

The idea of this project is from a Kaggle competition “Bike Sharing Demand”① which provides dataset of Capital Bikeshare in Washington D.C. and asked to combine historical usage patterns with weather data in order to forecast bike rental demand. This dissertation will extend this work, working with a broader range of project not only just focusing on the phrase of model building but all phases of KDD (Knowledge Discovery in Databases). This dissertation focuses on Citi Bike which is one of the biggest bike share projects in the world, collects Citi Bike data, weather data and holiday data ...


An Evaluation Of Gamification To Assess Students’ Learning On Their Understanding Of First Year Computer Science Programming Module, Daniel Gebremichael 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

An Evaluation Of Gamification To Assess Students’ Learning On Their Understanding Of First Year Computer Science Programming Module, Daniel Gebremichael

Dissertations

This research examines the use of gamification to develop an assessment tool, to assess students’ learning of a first year computer science module. The students’ undertaking of the first semester Programming and Algorithms module in 2015 were assessed on their knowledge of the programming language Python. The incorporation of gamification when assessing students can have various potential benefits. The research aims to identify these benefits and issues. Assessments and games have almost opposite effects on opinions on people, as games are usually expected to have an entertainment value but this is not the case for assessments. The research examines if ...


How Do Teachers And Students Perceive The Utility Of Blackboard As A Distance Learning Platform? (Case Study From Taibah University, Saudi Arabia), Suad Alaofi 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

How Do Teachers And Students Perceive The Utility Of Blackboard As A Distance Learning Platform? (Case Study From Taibah University, Saudi Arabia), Suad Alaofi

Dissertations

This research explores the role of Knowledge Management within the education field with a specific focus on the use of Learning Management Systems in the Distance Learning (e-learning) process. The aim of this study is to thoroughly examine how teachers and students perceive the utility of the Blackboard system as a distance learning platform. To achieve this, the study conducted qualitative interviews and quantitative questionnaire surveys with the teachers and students of Taibah University, Saudi Arabia. Questions in both data collection tools were geared towards gaining insight about how these two groups of Blackboard users view its usefulness as a ...


How Much A Quarter Cost: Allegory Of A Coin And Other Stories, Grant C. Gallo 2016 Cleveland State University

How Much A Quarter Cost: Allegory Of A Coin And Other Stories, Grant C. Gallo

The Downtown Review

The philosophical theories of Baruch Spinoza and George Berkley were described, compared, and contrasted. Various examples and metaphors were used to help fully illustrate their respective metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical positions. The relevance of their theories to current philosophical discourse was discussed; showing that even in today’s technologically advanced society, seemingly antiquated ideas may still provide useful knowledge. In the end, Spinoza and Berkley’s apparently conflicting paradigms are rectified through a multiplexual, relativistic lens.


Mobile Devices: The Case For Cyber Security Hardened Systems, Maurice Dawson, Jorja Wright, Marwan Omar 2016 University of Missouri - St Louis

Mobile Devices: The Case For Cyber Security Hardened Systems, Maurice Dawson, Jorja Wright, Marwan Omar

Maurice Dawson

Mobile devices are becoming a method to provide an efficient and convenient way to access, find and share information; however, the availability of this information has caused an increase in cyber attacks. Currently, cyber threats range from Trojans and viruses to botnets and toolkits. Presently, 96% of mobile devices do not have pre-installed security software while approximately 65% of the vulnerabilities are found within the application layer. This lack in security and policy driven systems is an opportunity for malicious cyber attackers to hack into the various popular devices. Traditional security software found in desktop computing platforms, such as firewalls ...


Dr-Advisor: A Data-Driven Demand Response Recommender System, Madhur Behl, Francesco Smarra, Rahul Mangharam 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Dr-Advisor: A Data-Driven Demand Response Recommender System, Madhur Behl, Francesco Smarra, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Demand response (DR) is becoming increasingly important as the volatility on the grid continues to increase. Current DR ap- proaches are predominantly completely manual and rule-based or involve deriving first principles based models which are ex- tremely cost and time prohibitive to build. We consider the problem of data-driven end-user DR for large buildings which involves predicting the demand response baseline, evaluating fixed rule based DR strategies and synthesizing DR control actions. The challenge is in evaluating and taking control decisions at fast time scales in order to curtail the power consumption of the building, in return for a financial ...


Robot Fish Do Not Need Sentience, Antonio Chella 2016 University of Palermo

Robot Fish Do Not Need Sentience, Antonio Chella

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

The target article by Key (2016) discusses the thesis that fish cannot feel pain because of the lack of the necessary neural structure. This commentary suggests the possibility that fish do not need conscious neural processing by taking into account recent results from biomimetic robotics. State-of-the-art biomimetic robot fish are based on a tight interaction between the body and the environment and are typically controlled by behavior-based architectures. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that cognitive architectures are not needed to control a robot fish. This is in line with the thesis proposed by Key: what biomimetic robot fish show is ...


Cepsim: Modelling And Simulation Of Complex Event Processing Systems In Cloud Environments, Wilson A. Higashino, Miriam AM Capretz, Luiz F. Bittencourt 2016 Western University

Cepsim: Modelling And Simulation Of Complex Event Processing Systems In Cloud Environments, Wilson A. Higashino, Miriam Am Capretz, Luiz F. Bittencourt

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

The emergence of Big Data has had profound impacts on how data are stored and processed. As technologies created to process continuous streams of data with low latency, Complex Event Processing (CEP) and Stream Processing (SP) have often been related to the Big Data velocity dimension and used in this context. Many modern CEP and SP systems leverage cloud environments to provide the low latency and scalability required by Big Data applications, yet validating these systems at the required scale is a research problem per se. Cloud computing simulators have been used as a tool to facilitate reproducible and repeatable ...


Law As Information In The Era Of Data-Driven Agency, Mireille Hildebrandt 2015

Law As Information In The Era Of Data-Driven Agency, Mireille Hildebrandt

Mireille Hildebrandt

This contribution is the written version of the 2015 Chorley Lecture at the London School of Economics. It introduces the mathematical theory of information that ‘informs’ computer systems, the internet and all that has been built upon it. The aim of the author is to invite lawyers to reconsider the grammar and alphabet of modern positive law and of the Rule of Law, in the face of the alternative grammar and alphabet of a data-driven society. Instead of either embracing or rejecting the technological transitions that reconfigure the operations of the law, this article argues that lawyers should collaborate with ...


A New Computational Approach For Obtaining Optimized Tension Distributions In Redundant Cable-Driven Robots Along A Trajectory, Omid Saber 2015 Texas A&M University

A New Computational Approach For Obtaining Optimized Tension Distributions In Redundant Cable-Driven Robots Along A Trajectory, Omid Saber

Omid Saber

Employing flexible cables driven by controllable servo-motors enables cable robots to operate in a very large workspace. However, cables cannot push an object, and as a result, the controllability of a cable robot is constrained. Wrench-feasibility of a cable robot can be improved by adding cables to the robot. Accordingly, redundancy is necessary in order to enhance the controllability of the end-effector. The main problem that should be addressed for a redundant cable robot is to obtain a solution for cable tensions so that the cables stay in tension at all positions of the end-effector. In this paper, we propose ...


My Information System Notes, Sajjad Khaksari 2015

My Information System Notes, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

“My Information System Notes” include in two principal parts. The first part contains my Python programming tutorial notes and exercises regard to the course of “Information System” by professor Demartini (Politecnico di Torino). In addition, second part comprises my Quiz notes deals with the first 9 chapters of the considered textbook “Introduction to Information System” by James A. O’Brien and George M. Marakas, sixteenth edition.

I feel responsible for clarifying that “My Information System Notes” is exclusively my personal and not official note. Those are my individual notes and my own understanding with margin probability of errors and misunderstanding ...


Eye Tracking System For All Developers (Etsad), Allen Vartanian, John David N. Dionisio 2015 Loyola Marymount University

Eye Tracking System For All Developers (Etsad), Allen Vartanian, John David N. Dionisio

Research & Exhibition

No abstract provided.


Data To Decisions For Cyberspace Operations, Steve Stone 2015 Robert Morris University

Data To Decisions For Cyberspace Operations, Steve Stone

Military Cyber Affairs

In 2011, the United States (U.S.) Department of Defense (DOD) named cyberspace a new operational domain. The U.S. Cyber Command and the Military Services are working to make the cyberspace environment a suitable place for achieving national objectives and enabling military command and control (C2). To effectively conduct cyberspace operations, DOD requires data and analysis of the Mission, Network, and Adversary. However, the DOD’s current data processing and analysis capabilities do not meet mission needs within critical operational timelines. This paper presents a summary of the data processing and analytics necessary to effectively conduct cyberspace operations.


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