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Development And Testing Of Braking And Acceleration Features For Vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance System, Johann Carlo Marasigan, Gian Paolo Mayuga, Elmer R. Magsino 2022 Ateneo de Manila University

Development And Testing Of Braking And Acceleration Features For Vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance System, Johann Carlo Marasigan, Gian Paolo Mayuga, Elmer R. Magsino

Electronics, Computer, and Communications Engineering Faculty Publications

Traffic congestion is a constant problem for cities worldwide. The human driving inefficiency and poor urban planning and development contribute to traffic buildup and travel discomfort. An example of human inefficiency is the phantom traffic jam, which is caused by unnecessary braking, causing traffic to slow down, and eventually coming to a stop. In this study, a brake and acceleration feature (BAF) for the advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) is proposed to mitigate the effects of the phantom traffic phenomenon. In its initial stage, the BAF provides a heads-up display that gives information on how much braking and acceleration input ...


Advanced Anti-Buckling Device Coupled With Real-Time Digital Image Correlation For Complex Cyclic Tension-Compression Testing Of Lightweight Materials, Akshat Agha, Fadi Abu-Farha 2022 Clemson University

Advanced Anti-Buckling Device Coupled With Real-Time Digital Image Correlation For Complex Cyclic Tension-Compression Testing Of Lightweight Materials, Akshat Agha, Fadi Abu-Farha

Publications

In sheet metal forming and stamping operations, modeling the behavior of sheet metal alloys for springback prediction is known to be very challenging, not only because of the complex models needed to account for kinematic hardening (such as the Yoshida-Uemori Model) but more importantly because of the experimental limitations of our ability to perform the complex tests needed to calibrate such models. For instance, reliable monotonic uniaxial compression tests and then cyclic tension-followed-by-compression tests are essential for characterizing the response of the material under those loading conditions, providing quantitative evaluation of the Bauschinger Effect and tension/compression asymmetry in the ...


Drivers’ Response To Scenarios When Driving Connected And Automated Vehicles Compared To Vehicles With And Without Driver Assist Technology, Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Raghuveer Gouribhatla 2022 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Drivers’ Response To Scenarios When Driving Connected And Automated Vehicles Compared To Vehicles With And Without Driver Assist Technology, Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Raghuveer Gouribhatla

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Traffic related crashes cause more than 38,000 fatalities every year in the United States. They are the leading cause of death among drivers up to 54 years in age and incur $871 million in losses each year. Driver errors contribute to about 94% of these crashes. In response, automotive companies have been developing vehicles with advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) that aid in various driving tasks. These features are aimed at enhancing safety by either warning drivers of a potential hazard or picking up certain driving maneuvers like maintaining the lane. These features are already part of vehicles with ...


Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Integration Of Blockchain Technology Into Automobiles To Prevent And Study The Causes Of Accidents, John Kim

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Automobile collisions occur daily. We now live in an information-driven world, one where technology is quickly evolving. Blockchain technology can change the automotive industry, the safety of the motoring public and its surrounding environment by incorporating this vast array of information. It can place safety and efficiency at the forefront to pedestrians, public establishments, and provide public agencies with pertinent information securely and efficiently. Other industries where Blockchain technology has been effective in are as follows: supply chain management, logistics, and banking. This paper reviews some statistical information regarding automobile collisions, Blockchain technology, Smart Contracts, Smart Cities; assesses the feasibility ...


An Overview On Why Electric Cars Are The Future Of Transportation, Saqlain Ali 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

An Overview On Why Electric Cars Are The Future Of Transportation, Saqlain Ali

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The motor vehicle industry has been the leading consumer of fossil fuel worldwide resulting in adverse effects on the environment. This study used secondary sources of information from previous research in scholarly journals, Google scholar as well as eBooks, case studies, science direct, research gate, and google books to investigate. The findings show that some of the major milestones achieved in the electric car development include: the reduction of charging time for effectiveness in use, the introduction of supercapacitors that ensures increased charge storage, and with greater effective electromotive force. Additionally, some governments in developed countries do offer subsidies to ...


Solar-Powered Automated Transportation: Feasibility And Visualization, Burford J. Furman, Laxmi Ramasubramanian, Shannon McDonald, Ron Swenson, Jack Fogelquist, Yu Chiao, Alex Pape, Mario Cruz 2021 San Jose State University

Solar-Powered Automated Transportation: Feasibility And Visualization, Burford J. Furman, Laxmi Ramasubramanian, Shannon Mcdonald, Ron Swenson, Jack Fogelquist, Yu Chiao, Alex Pape, Mario Cruz

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

A solar-powered automated transportation network (ATN) connecting the North and South campuses of San José State University with three passenger stations was designed, visualized, and analyzed in terms of its energy usage, carbon offset, and cost. The study’s methodology included the use of tools and software such as ArcGIS, SketchUp, Infraworks, Sketchup, Rhinoceros, and Autodesk 3DS Max. ATN vehicle energy usage was estimated using data from the university’s Park & Ride shuttle bus operation and by modeling with SUMOPy, the advanced simulation suite for the micro-traffic simulator SUMO. The energy study showed that an extensive solar photovoltaic (PV) canopy ...


Coupled Thermal Mechanical Analysis Methodology For Thermal Performance Evaluation And Failure Mode Identification Of Thermal Barrier Coatings For Heavy Duty Diesel Engines, Sean Moser 2021 Clemson University

Coupled Thermal Mechanical Analysis Methodology For Thermal Performance Evaluation And Failure Mode Identification Of Thermal Barrier Coatings For Heavy Duty Diesel Engines, Sean Moser

All Dissertations

Consumer demand and government regulation, as well as the Department of Energy’s SuperTruck program has motivated extraordinary effort to maximize the heavy-duty diesel engine’s thermal efficiency. Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) provide an avenue for increasing the thermal efficiency of the mixing controlled combustion (MCC) process through the reduction of heat transfer losses. The myriad of previous studies presents conflicting conclusions, both in the merit of TBCs for cycle improvement, and also for coating durability and potential adverse effects from coating failure. While the most recent studies with thin thermal barrier coatings (~100-250 µm) have shown a majority of ...


Significance Of The Vehicle Front Design And Gait Postures On Traumatic Brain Injuries Sustained By Different Pedestrian Populations During Car-To-Pedestrian Collisions (Cpcs) - A Computational Approach, Thava Kalishwara Kumar Gunasekaran 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Significance Of The Vehicle Front Design And Gait Postures On Traumatic Brain Injuries Sustained By Different Pedestrian Populations During Car-To-Pedestrian Collisions (Cpcs) - A Computational Approach, Thava Kalishwara Kumar Gunasekaran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the increasing prevalence of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in road traffic accidents (RTAs), it was identified that the shape of the vehicle's front end and pedestrian postures prior to impact significantly influence pedestrian head injuries. However, the effect of vehicle front shape parameters and gait postures on TBIs sustained in car-to-pedestrian collisions (CPCs) has yet to be quantified. This study used a computational approach to analyze the effect of vehicle shape parameters and pedestrian gait postures on pedestrian TBI risks across a diverse pedestrian population with varying body sizes. Our findings indicate that vehicle shape parameter such as ...


Acoustic Signature Analysis And Sound Source Localization For A Three-Phase Ac Induction Motor, Daniel Ludwigsen, Anand Krishnasarma, Seyed Jamaleddin Mostafavi Yazdi, Allan Taylor, Javad Baqersad 2021 Kettering University

Acoustic Signature Analysis And Sound Source Localization For A Three-Phase Ac Induction Motor, Daniel Ludwigsen, Anand Krishnasarma, Seyed Jamaleddin Mostafavi Yazdi, Allan Taylor, Javad Baqersad

Natural Sciences Publications

As part of the recent electrification of the transportation industry, internal combustion engines are being coupled with or replaced by electric motors. This movement towards an electrified drivetrain poses new noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) challenges related to electric motors. In this paper, the acoustic signature of an electric motor was analyzed to obtain a better understanding of the sound generated by these motors. This work provides an insight into an acoustic measurement technique that can be used to identify certain frequency bands that significantly contribute to the perceived sound. In the first part, the structural response of the motor ...


Active Control Of Coherent Structures In An Axisymmetric Jet, Michael Marques Goncalves 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Active Control Of Coherent Structures In An Axisymmetric Jet, Michael Marques Goncalves

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The primary objective of this work is to develop high-fidelity simulation model for jet noise control predictions and quantify the sound reduction when an external source frequency mode excitation is imposed on the jet flow. Whereas passive approaches using mixing devices, such as chevrons, have been shown to reduce low-frequency noise in jet engines, such approaches incur a performance penalty since they result in a reduced thrust. To avoid a performance penalty in reducing jet noise, the current work investigates a open-loop active noise control (ANC) system that utilizes a unsteady microjet actuator on the nozzle lip in the downstream ...


Move: Mobile Observers Variants And Extensions, Ryan Florin 2021 Old Dominion University

Move: Mobile Observers Variants And Extensions, Ryan Florin

Computer Science Theses & Dissertations

Traffic state estimation is a fundamental task of Intelligent Transportation Systems. Recent advances in sensor technology and emerging computer and vehicular communications paradigms have brought the task of estimating traffic state parameters in real-time within reach.

This has led to the main research question of this thesis: Can a vehicle accurately estimate traffic parameters using onboard resources shared through CV technology in a lightweight manner without utilizing centralized or roadside infrastructure?

In 1954 Wardrop and Charlesworth proposed the Moving Observer method to measure traffic parameters based on an observed number of vehicle passes. We start by proposing methods for detecting ...


Technology Of Mobility Hubs In Autopian Futuristic Cities, Mohamad AbdAllah M.Abdallah, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef 2021 MS candidate, Faculty of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, Beirut Arab University

Technology Of Mobility Hubs In Autopian Futuristic Cities, Mohamad Abdallah M.Abdallah, Marwan Halabi, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Utopias envision perfect societies, however in practice, when imperfect humans attempt perfection they fail miserably. Hence, if Utopia means no place, then Autopia is the alternative place where progress is steadfast and measured by securing a better world for tomorrow. In 2012, the UN issued a report stating that population growth will increase exponentially, reaching up to 9 billion by 2040. The report also states that melted ice due to global warming will eventually cover up to 7% of the world’s land. At this rate, humans will require three times the earth’s land area to keep up with ...


Problem Solving Methods For Synthesis Of Physical Principles Of Mechatronic Module Operations In Intelligent Robotic Systems, Nazarov Khayriddin Nuritdinovich 2021 Prof, department. "Mechatronics and Robotics", Tashkent State technical university named after Islom Karimov E-mail: nazarov_hayriddin@bk.ru, Phone: + 99890-988-06-75.

Problem Solving Methods For Synthesis Of Physical Principles Of Mechatronic Module Operations In Intelligent Robotic Systems, Nazarov Khayriddin Nuritdinovich

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The scientific paper investigates the methods for solving problems of synthesis of physical principles of operation of mechatronic modules of intelligent robotic systems are considered.

In addition, it deals with the specifics of the process of synthesis of the physical principles of the operation of mechatronic modules using predicate models, list models and information matrices of physical and technical effects.

It shows the interpretation of the components of the model of the system for the synthesis of the physical principles of operation of mechatronic modules of intelligent robotic systems and automatic control and the features of the synthesis algorithm for ...


Evaluation Of Vegetable Oil-Sourced Lubricants For Transition To Green Alternative At Sustainable Energy Solutions For Automotive Industry, Figen Balo, Lutfa S. Sua 2021 Firat (Euphrates) University

Evaluation Of Vegetable Oil-Sourced Lubricants For Transition To Green Alternative At Sustainable Energy Solutions For Automotive Industry, Figen Balo, Lutfa S. Sua

Thriving Through Climate Change and Pandemic 2021

In recent decades, the rising energy needs has concluded in much more lubricant usage. Lubricants play a significant part in decreasing the friction and wear among bustling superficies. They are among the greatest drivers of oil need. The ecological affects arising from the direct petroleum-based lubricants’ entry requires the implementation of bio-sourced lubricants as a perfect option to petroleum-derived lubricants. The bio-sourced lubricants’ primary resources are oils derived from plants. There are numerous compatibilities between petroleum-based lubricants and triglycerides from the view point of physical and chemical features. Because of their non-food competition, less expense, and simple usability, vegetable-sourced oils ...


Dynamic Modelling Of Building Envelope On Energy Usage, Oselen J. Imafidon, David S-K Ting 2021 University of Windsor

Dynamic Modelling Of Building Envelope On Energy Usage, Oselen J. Imafidon, David S-K Ting

Thriving Through Climate Change and Pandemic 2021

This study investigates the influence of the building envelope on the energy usage of a chosen building using the simulation program TRNSYS. The building located at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada is a small building retroffited as part of the Natural Resources Canada’s Prefabricated Exterior Energy Retrofit (PEER) project. The project's aim is to develop prefabricated technologies to be used for retroffiting existing building envelopes of homes in Canada. The thermal resistance (RSI) of the existing walls were improved from 1.80 m2K/W to about 6.40 m2K/W after installation of the prefarbricated retrofit wall system. Analytical ...


Rattle Detection – An Automotive Case Study, Orla Hartley 2021 Jaguar Land Rover

Rattle Detection – An Automotive Case Study, Orla Hartley

International Conference on Lean Six Sigma

This case study showcases the use of statistical tools to develop an objective Squeak and Rattle (S&R) measurement and detection test for End Of Line (EOL) sign off in an automotive manufacturing environment. Audio Induced S&R is an unwanted vibration within the vehicle caused by the sound system, impacting on customer perception of vehicle quality. Testing for S&R in an automotive environment has a key challenge; how to robustly detect a rattle at the EOL and thus prevent plant escapes to the customer. The objective test developed used microphones and analysers in order to replace an e subjective listening test. Within the testing equipment settings, the length of the frequency sweep and the volume level of the sweep can be adapted, which in turn influences the output graph of calculated rattle. A Design of Experiment (DOE) was employed to find the optimised parameters required for these factors. The DOE ...


Experimental Research Of The Hydraulic System Of The Unloading Device Of Trailers, Hayrullo Rahimovich Baynazarov, A A. Shermukhamedov 2021 Tashkent state transport university

Experimental Research Of The Hydraulic System Of The Unloading Device Of Trailers, Hayrullo Rahimovich Baynazarov, A A. Shermukhamedov

Scientific-technical journal

The article presents the results of an experimental research to substantiate the basic parameters of the unloading device of the trailers.


Viscoelastic Model To Capture Residual Stresses In Heat Cured Dissimilar Adhesive Bonded Joints, Akshat Agha, Fadi Abu-Farha 2021 Clemson University

Viscoelastic Model To Capture Residual Stresses In Heat Cured Dissimilar Adhesive Bonded Joints, Akshat Agha, Fadi Abu-Farha

Publications

The thermal loading during the curing process of an adhesive-bonded joint induces residual stresses in the joint, thereby affecting its performance. The problem becomes worse in the case of a multi-material joint involving varying coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) for different parts. A novel approach was developed to model the properties of automotive grade structural adhesives during the heat curing process. The material model was divided into two components: curing kinetics model and viscoelastic mechanical model. The models were calibrated using experimental data from Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) tests performed on an epoxy-based single-component adhesive ...


Simulation Of Transient Conditions In Vehicle-To-Grid Systems Fed From Plug-In Electric Vehicles, Olapade Oludolapo Olagbemi 2021 Western Michigan University

Simulation Of Transient Conditions In Vehicle-To-Grid Systems Fed From Plug-In Electric Vehicles, Olapade Oludolapo Olagbemi

Masters Theses

The increasing adoption of plug-in electric vehicles for commercial and consumer needs, coupled with government targets and incentives for use of renewable energy sources and reduction of greenhouse gases [1, pp. 44-45], has led to their consideration as power sources. Such vehicle-to-grid (V2G) systems seek to take advantage of the aggregate energy available within fleets of electric vehicles connected to power grids through bi-directional charging stations, by using them as distributed power sources for load leveling and peak shaving on the power grids [2]. Unfortunately, V2G systems can introduce power quality issues, such as harmonics, with associated transients that pose ...


Autonomous Aerial Vehicle Vision And Sensor Guided Landing, Gabriel Bitencourt, Elijah J. Brown, Cedric Bleimling, Gilbert Lai, Arman Molki, Tolga Kaya 2021 Sacred Heart University

Autonomous Aerial Vehicle Vision And Sensor Guided Landing, Gabriel Bitencourt, Elijah J. Brown, Cedric Bleimling, Gilbert Lai, Arman Molki, Tolga Kaya

School of Computer Science & Engineering Faculty Publications

The use of autonomous landing of aerial vehicles is increasing in demand. Applications of this ability can range from simple drone delivery to unmanned military missions. To be able to land at a spot identified by local information, such as a visual marker, creates an efficient and versatile solution. This allows for a more user/consumer friendly device overall. To achieve this goal the use of computer vision and an array of ranging sensors will be explored. In our approach we utilized an April Tag as our location identifier and point of reference. MATLAB/Simulink interface was used to develop ...


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