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Design & Analysis Of Ø40” X 80” Conventional Sugar Mill Head Stock., Santosh Y. Salunkhe 2015 Department of Sugar Engineering, Walchandnagar Industries Ltd

Design & Analysis Of Ø40” X 80” Conventional Sugar Mill Head Stock., Santosh Y. Salunkhe

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Sugar mill head stock play a significant role in the sugar plant as they have to sustain the forces experienced by the rollers while extracting juice from the cane. The present analysis related to modification in sugar mill head stock Ø40”X80”. This paper describes the advantages of using Ø40”X80” mill head stocks by designing & analysis by ANSYS software. In this study theoretical study has been done considering the Bending moment & force polygon diagrams. Bending moment factor which helps in finding actual results. By changing various parameters the performance of mill head stocks is studies using static structural analysis ...


Generic Model Control Of Biomethanation Process, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Ahmed S. Abd EL-hamid, Ahmed E. hussian, Aly M. Radwan 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Generic Model Control Of Biomethanation Process, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Ahmed S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed E. Hussian, Aly M. Radwan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

This paper focuses on the design of Generic Model Control (GMC) algorithm for the control of the acetate concentration in a biomethanation process with production of methane gas. A nonlinear dynamic model for the biomethanation process is used in the derivation of the control law of Generic Model Control scheme. The controller parameters are estimated using the Trial and Error method. The effectiveness and performance of the proposed control strategy is illustrated by a MATLAB program under various operation conditions and disturbances. The simulation results obtained confirmed the good quality of the control


Levenberg – Marquardt’S Algorithm Used For Pid Controller Parameters Optimization, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Ahmed S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed H. Eissa, ALy M. Radwan 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Levenberg – Marquardt’S Algorithm Used For Pid Controller Parameters Optimization, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Ahmed S. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed H. Eissa, Aly M. Radwan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The determination of parameters of controllers is an important problem in automatic control systems. In this paper, the Levenberg Marquardt (LM) Algorithm is used to effectively solve this problem with reasonable computational effort. The Levenberg Marquardt (LM) Algorithm for optimization of three term (PID) controller parameters with dynamic model of pH neutralization process is presented. The main goal is to show the merits of Levenberg Marquardt algorithm optimization and to determine its suitability in the area of control systems. Lastly, the application of this approach to the calculation of the parameters of PID controller shows that the Levenberg Marquardt (LM ...


Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi 2015 Laval University, Quebec City, Canada

Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Travelling scientists certainly have contributed to advancing knowledge by communicating their observations to others. Famous professors attract students from different countries to study in their institutions and the interaction among these students is of immense importance in the diffusion of knowledge. The invention of a process for the production of aluminum is an example.


Strategy For The Biotransformation Of Fermented Palm Oil Mill Effluent Into Biodegradable Polyhydroxyalkanoates By Activated Sludge, 2015 SelectedWorks

Strategy For The Biotransformation Of Fermented Palm Oil Mill Effluent Into Biodegradable Polyhydroxyalkanoates By Activated Sludge

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Management of wastewater by resource recovery approach allows the transformation of wastewater into valuable resources. This work examines the biotransformation of fermented palm oil mill effluent (POME) into biodegradable plastics - polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) - through cultivation and enrichment of PHA-accumulating organisms in activated sludge and the subsequent production of PHA by the cultivated sludge. Enrichment of PHA-accumulating organisms via aerobic dynamic feeding process was effective and had significantly enhanced the PHA storage capacity of the sludge (wt% PHA per sludge dry weight) from 4 wt% (seed sludge) to 40-64 wt% (sludge cultivated for 50 days and more). The cultivated sludge comprised of ...


Potable Water Production From Third River In Nasiriyah City, Ahmed Faiq Al-Alawy, Jaafar Jabbar Madlool, Ali Ibrahim Neamah 2015 University of Baghdad

Potable Water Production From Third River In Nasiriyah City, Ahmed Faiq Al-Alawy, Jaafar Jabbar Madlool, Ali Ibrahim Neamah

The Hilltop Review

The present work aims to study the efficiency of coagulation/ flocculation as pretreatment then using membrane technology, microfiltration (MF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO), for treatment of water of Third River in Nasiriyah city in Iraq. Effects of operating parameters such as coagulant dosage, speed and time of slow mixing step and settling time in the pretreatment stage were studied. Also feed turbidity and TSS in the MF stage were studied. Also feed concentration, temperature and operating time, in the RO stage were studied. The results showed that the optimum dosage for alum was 40, 45 and 50 ppm. While, for ...


Three-Dimensional Ideal Gas Reference State Based Energy Function, Avdesh Mishra 2015 University of New Orleans

Three-Dimensional Ideal Gas Reference State Based Energy Function, Avdesh Mishra

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Energy functions are found to be a key of protein structure prediction. In this work, we propose a novel 3-dimensional energy function based on hydrophobic-hydrophilic properties of amino acid where we consider at least three different possible interaction of amino acid in a 3-dimensional sphere categorized as hydrophilic versus hydrophilic, hydrophobic versus hydrophobic and hydrophobic versus hydrophilic. Each of these interactions are governed by a 3-dimensional parameter alpha used to model the interaction and 3-dimensional parameter beta used to model weight of contribution. We use Genetic Algorithm (GA) to optimize the value of alpha, beta and Z-score. We obtain three ...


Measuring The Effectiveness Of Photoresponsive Nanocomposite Coatings On Aircraft Windshields To Mitigate Laser Intensity, Ryan S. Phillips, Hubert K. Bilan, Zachary X. Widel, Randal J. DeMik, Samantha J. Brain, Matthew Moy, Charles Crowder, Stanley L. Harriman, James T. O'Malley III, Joseph E. Burlas, Steven F. Emmert, Jason J. Keleher 2015 Lewis University

Measuring The Effectiveness Of Photoresponsive Nanocomposite Coatings On Aircraft Windshields To Mitigate Laser Intensity, Ryan S. Phillips, Hubert K. Bilan, Zachary X. Widel, Randal J. Demik, Samantha J. Brain, Matthew Moy, Charles Crowder, Stanley L. Harriman, James T. O'Malley Iii, Joseph E. Burlas, Steven F. Emmert, Jason J. Keleher

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

In 2004, pilots reported 46 laser illumination events to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), with the number increasing to approximately 3,600 in 2011. Since that time, the number of reported laser incidents has ranged from 3,500 to 4,000. Previous studies indicate the potential for flight crewmember distraction from bright laser light being introduced to the cockpit. Compositional variations of the photoresponsive nanocomposite coatings were applied to an aircraft windscreen using a modified liquid dispersion/heating curing process. The attenuating effects of the deposited films on laser light intensity were evaluated using an optical power meter and the ...


Cost-Effective, Commercial Scale Production Of Tanespimycin, Rocky Diegmiller, Alexandra Dreyfuss, Shira Redlich, Melissa Schantz 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Cost-Effective, Commercial Scale Production Of Tanespimycin, Rocky Diegmiller, Alexandra Dreyfuss, Shira Redlich, Melissa Schantz

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

Recent approaches to cancer therapy have centered on developing small molecule inhibitors for signaling pathways deranged in common cancers; these compounds are sometimes referred to as tumor antibiotics. One promising target for tumor antibiotics is Hsp90, a heat shock protein that plays a central role in promoting the functionality and stability of a group of proteins associated with cancer called client proteins. Hsp90 inhibitors have been receiving extensive research attention, with geldanamycin, tanespimycin, and their derivatives at the forefront. This report describes a novel, cost-effective, commercial scale process design for the production of tanespimycin. The proposed production facility is designed ...


Purification Of Pharmaceutical Grade Salmon-Derived Thrombin And Fibrinogen For Hemostatic Bandages, Jesse Debes, Hanna Elmongy, Shannon Keenan, Kristin Kirby 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Purification Of Pharmaceutical Grade Salmon-Derived Thrombin And Fibrinogen For Hemostatic Bandages, Jesse Debes, Hanna Elmongy, Shannon Keenan, Kristin Kirby

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

Hemorrhage due to trauma is the leading cause of preventable death among American soldiers, according the National Institute of Trauma. Uncontrollable bleeding is also seen regularly in civilian incidences of trauma and is a common major surgical complication. The human blood clotting process involves a complex cascade of tightly regulated enzymatic reactions. Two of the most important proteins in this cascade are fibrinogen and thrombin. Thrombin is an enzyme that activates fibrinogen monomers to form a polymeric fibrin network, forming the basis of a blood clot. During trauma, a state of consumptive coagulopathy, the body depletes these two proteins causing ...


Production Of 1,3-Butadiene From Propylene, Amanda Nestlerode, Victor Ngo, Safia Haidermota 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Production Of 1,3-Butadiene From Propylene, Amanda Nestlerode, Victor Ngo, Safia Haidermota

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

Our proposed plant design produces 103 million lb/year of 1,3 butadiene from propylene. Today, there are three chief methods to produce 1,3 butadiene. These include the Houdry process, oxidative dehydrogenation of 2-butenes and steam cracking of saturated hydrocarbons. The latter is the most widely used. The primary motivation behind this project was the production of 1,3 butadiene without the need for olefin cracker C4 crude oil streams. Olefin cracker C4 streams will decrease in availability as the trend towards lighter feedstock increases. Our plant is divided into four sections, namely metathesis, distillation, oxidative dehydrogenation and extractive ...


T-Cell Manufacture For Treatment Of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Amit Pujari, Chi-Wei Man, Jinsang Park 2015 University of Pennsylvania

T-Cell Manufacture For Treatment Of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Amit Pujari, Chi-Wei Man, Jinsang Park

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

Adoptive T-cell therapy is a recent medical development that has shown clinical success in treating relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a common form of cancer with a poor prognosis. Ironically, the treatment’s greatest advantage is at the same time deterring large pharmaceutical companies from commercializing it. Adoptive T-cell therapy is successful in treating ALL largely because it takes a patient’s own cells and engineers them to fight the cancer. While the autologous nature of the treatment helps to incorporate the engineered T-cells into the patient’s body, it also makes each treatment patient-specific. This does not fit into ...


Natural Gas To Btx, Bruce Chanenchuk, Alexander Evans, Sandhya Thiyagarajan 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Natural Gas To Btx, Bruce Chanenchuk, Alexander Evans, Sandhya Thiyagarajan

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

The goal of this project was to design a process to produce 1B pounds of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) per year in an unspecified ratio using a ZSM-5 catalyst in accordance with US Patent 8,278,237. Our process will be located in the Gulf of Mexico and will produce primarily benzene and a small amount of paraxylene for the purposes of selling to industrial clients. In this report, we present a design that yields 1.1B lb/yr of benzene with a purity of 97 mol% and 33 MM lb/yr of paraxylene with a purity of 99 ...


Fluidized Catalytic Cracking To Convert Biomass To Fuels, Stephen Boust, Mo Green, Serena Machi 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Fluidized Catalytic Cracking To Convert Biomass To Fuels, Stephen Boust, Mo Green, Serena Machi

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

The process of biomass fluidized catalytic cracking (BFCC) has been adapted from the traditional fluidized catalytic cracking of crude oil in petroleum refineries. Instead of a naphtha feedstock, BFCC can accommodate various types of biomass that is cracked into more valuable aromatic and olefinic compounds. This plant inputs forest biomass and will be located in southwestern Louisiana, where wood output exceeds 100 million kg/yr in over ten counties. Biomass, procured in the form of wood chips, must first be dried to a moisture content below 10 wt% and crushed to a particle size of 100-500 micron. The wood sawdust ...


Production Of Btx From Ethane, Arthur Chen, Fiona Crowley, Jonathan Lym, Pablo Sanchez 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Production Of Btx From Ethane, Arthur Chen, Fiona Crowley, Jonathan Lym, Pablo Sanchez

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

This process will produce 0.5 MM tons of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) per year from a feedstock of 0.82 MM tons of fractional-grade ethane. The conversion of ethane to BTX occurs in a steam reformer reactor operating at 1170°F, using a germanium-incorporated H-ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst. After the reaction occurs, the light components are separated from the product stream using a multistage compressor and flash followed by the PRISM separation system. The light hydrocarbons (ethylene, ethane, propylene, and propane) are recycled to the reactor and the hydrogen and methane are burned. The final BTX product is separated ...


1,3-Propanediol From Crude Glycerol, Evans Molel, Hannah Phillips, Alexander Smith 2015 University of Pennsylvania

1,3-Propanediol From Crude Glycerol, Evans Molel, Hannah Phillips, Alexander Smith

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

As a result of the rapid increase in biodiesel production, there is excess supply of crude glycerol, a byproduct of the transesterification process. Prices are depressed and expected to remain low for the foreseeable future, making it a very good time to enter the glycerol market. The proposed design is for 1,3-propanediol from crude glycerol. The plant has a capacity of 100 MM lb/year and will be located in Southeast Asia. It has an estimated IRR of 16.76% and an NPV of $46,963,200. The process begins with an aerobic fermentation section, consisting of lab scale ...


Paraxylene From Corn, Antonio Barberio, Alexa Gallegos, Mandi Liu 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Paraxylene From Corn, Antonio Barberio, Alexa Gallegos, Mandi Liu

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

This report details the preliminary design and economic analysis of a paraxylene production plant that uses glucose as the raw material in the form of a hydrolysate obtained from an ethanol plant. The process of taking glucose and converting it to paraxylene happens through three main chemical reactions. The first is the conversion of glucose to hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), the second is the hydrogenolysis of hydroxymethylfurfural to produce dimethylfuran (DMF) and the last is the reaction of dimethylfuran with ethylene gas to produce paraxyelene. In this report the overall process is broken down in two sections, the first is the production ...


Ngl/Lpg Extraction From Marcellus Shale Gas, Jocelyn Champagne, Freddy Ordonez, Zhiyi Zhang 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Ngl/Lpg Extraction From Marcellus Shale Gas, Jocelyn Champagne, Freddy Ordonez, Zhiyi Zhang

Senior Design Reports (CBE)

This process describes a design in which 6 million metric tons per annum of Marcellus Shale Gas is separated into its components through heat exchangers, pressure drops, and, finally, flowing through distillation columns. The goal was essentially to remove all of the methane gas as the overhead product of the heavy removal column and use the subsequent columns to fraction off heavier hydrocarbons. Heat exchangers could not remove sufficient heat from the feed prior to entering the columns and as a result, the overhead product for the heavy removal column consists of 84% by mole of methane and 15% by ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Heat Transfer In Cnt Nanofluids, 2015 SelectedWorks

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Heat Transfer In Cnt Nanofluids

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Nanofluids with their enhanced thermal conductivity are believed to be a promising coolant in heat transfer applications. In this study, carbon nanotube (CNT) nanofluids of 0.01wt%, stabilised by 1.0wt% gum arabic were used as a cooling liquid in a concentric tube laminar flow heat exchanger. The flow rate of cold fluid varied from 10 to 50g/s. Both experimental and numerical simulations were carried out to determine the heat transfer enhancement using CNT nanofluids. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were carried out using Fluent v 6.3 by assuming single-phase approximation. Thermal conductivity, density and rheology of the ...


Factors Influencing Kinetics Of Electrode Processes In Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries, Emma Hollmann 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Factors Influencing Kinetics Of Electrode Processes In Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries, Emma Hollmann

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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