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Live Imaging Of Micro And Macro Wettability Variations Of Carbonate Oil Reservoirs For Enhanced Oil Recovery And Co/ Trapping/Storage, Anastasia Ivanova, A. Orekhov, S. Markovic, Stefan Iglauer, P. Grishin, A. Cheremisin 2022 Edith Cowan University

Live Imaging Of Micro And Macro Wettability Variations Of Carbonate Oil Reservoirs For Enhanced Oil Recovery And Co/ Trapping/Storage, Anastasia Ivanova, A. Orekhov, S. Markovic, Stefan Iglauer, P. Grishin, A. Cheremisin

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs are considered as potential candidates for chemically enhanced oil recovery and for CO² geological storage. However, investigation of one main controlling parameter—wettability—is usually performed by conventional integral methods at the core-scale. Moreover, literature reports show that wettability distribution may vary at the micro-scale due to the chemical heterogeneity of the reservoir and residing fluids. These differences may profoundly affect the derivation of other reservoir parameters such as relative permeability and capillary pressure, thus rendering subsequent simulations inaccurate. Here we developed an innovative approach by comparing the wettability distribution on carbonates at micro and macro-scale by ...


A Cfd-Based Scaling Analysis On Liquid And Paint Droplets Moving Through A Weak Concurrent Airflow Stream, Masoud Arabghahestani, Nelson Akafuah, Tianxiang Li, Kozo Saito 2022 Institute of Research for Technology Development (IR4TD), University of Kentucky

A Cfd-Based Scaling Analysis On Liquid And Paint Droplets Moving Through A Weak Concurrent Airflow Stream, Masoud Arabghahestani, Nelson Akafuah, Tianxiang Li, Kozo Saito

Progress in Scale Modeling, an International Journal

We conducted volume of fluids (VOF) multiphase model numerical simulations to obtain the interaction among all the major governing forces identified in our previous paper. Our numerical experiments are intended to assess the droplet generation process and the jetting behavior by providing specific input conditions, offering CFD as a tool to study scaling correlations instead of physical experiments. Water droplets that can represent waterborne paints were generated by piezo-generated sinusoidal waveforms at the inlet of the nozzle. The governing forces included the external piezo-based wave-generation force, the inertial force of droplets, the inertial force of air, the viscose force of ...


Addressable Microfluidics Platform For Minimally-Invasive Manipulation Of Cells And Chemicals Within Live Cultures, Nguyen Nhat Anh Tong 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Addressable Microfluidics Platform For Minimally-Invasive Manipulation Of Cells And Chemicals Within Live Cultures, Nguyen Nhat Anh Tong

Dissertations

Cell experiments are ubiquitous to the studies of biology, tissue engineering, and drug testing. However, complex cultures are notoriously difficult to analyze nondestructively. Instead, they are typically evaluated using sacrificial means: such as histology sectioning, or by crushing the sample for chemical plate-reader assays. This is inefficient, costly, and results in data discontinuity because each new experiment only provides a single time point. Likewise, delivering new cells or chemicals to custom locations without disturbing an on-going experiment is also difficult. This limits the type of experiments that are feasible. And the inability to deliver nutrients results in cell death in ...


Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni 2022 Civil Engineering, Universitas Tidar, Magelang 56116, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Material Request Order To Support Sustainable Construction, Fajar Susilowati, Nur Nahdiah Anggraeni

Makara Journal of Technology

This study was conducted on one of Indonesia’s apartment projects, in which reinforced concrete is the main structure. Based on existing project data, this project experienced a decline in the construction work’s progress, thus reducing the project’s overall progress. This decline occurred because the delivery of concrete reinforcement material was delayed. This study aimed to determine the process of material request order and its relationship with the work implementation, as well as the factors that influenced the delayed arrival of concrete reinforcement material at the project site. The method used in this study was observation and interview ...


Contact Dewatering Of Cellulose Nanofibers For Biopolymer Composite Applications, Alexander Collins 2022 University of Maine

Contact Dewatering Of Cellulose Nanofibers For Biopolymer Composite Applications, Alexander Collins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cellulose Nanofibrils (CNFs) are promising materials for reinforcement of polymer matrices attributable to their impressive physical and mechanical properties, as well as their biodegradability. However, the utilization of these materials in composites is made challenging by the water content of CNF slurries, the tendency of CNFs to agglomerate as they dry, and incompatibility between hydrophilic CNFs and hydrophobic polymer matrices. The most commercially viable drying methods to produce small-scale dry CNFs, such as spray drying, are very energy intensive, can only dry the materials down to micron-scale agglomerates, and do not preserve fibrillar aspect ratios. “Contact dewatering,” or the removal ...


Biobased Packaging Materials From Cellulose Nanofibrils Produced From Virgin Wood Pulp Or Recycled Cardboard Pulp, Md Ikramul Hasan 2022 University of Maine

Biobased Packaging Materials From Cellulose Nanofibrils Produced From Virgin Wood Pulp Or Recycled Cardboard Pulp, Md Ikramul Hasan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Self-standing cellulose nanofibril (CNF) films are regarded as one of the promising alternatives to current petroleum-based packaging materials. The mechanical and barrier properties of CNF films are not yet up to the mark for certain applications, especially at high relative humidity. Those properties of CNF films can be tuned by the drying methods of films, degree of fibrillation, cross-linking, and controlled shrinkage. A comprehensive understanding of these processes and their influence on the structure and properties of CNF films have been presented in this thesis.

First, we prepared CNF films from CNF suspensions with two different degrees of fibrillation- standard ...


Teb 406 Reflection, Ryan Alfonso Falcon 2022 Western University

Teb 406 Reflection, Ryan Alfonso Falcon

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Slides for a non-exhaustive reflection on my work in summer


Improving The Crystal Habit Of Rufinamide, Peter M. Sadaka 2022 Western University

Improving The Crystal Habit Of Rufinamide, Peter M. Sadaka

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This research was developed by utilizing the knowledge gathered and learned about crystallization through my USRI project. The goal was to improve the crystal habit of a selected drug from the many that were available in the lab. To choose this, we looked at all of them and chose the drug with the worst habit and then began working. It was created by organizing my findings for each week and then making it all much more concise for the form of a simple presentation that most could understand.


Improving Electrical Properties Of Polypropylene/Gnp Composites Using Compatibilizer And Solvent-Assisted Melt Blending, Yazan Al Jawhari 2022 Western University

Improving Electrical Properties Of Polypropylene/Gnp Composites Using Compatibilizer And Solvent-Assisted Melt Blending, Yazan Al Jawhari

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Over the past few years, polymer products have become essential to our lives. Many people may think that polymers are simply plastics, however, that is just the tip of the iceberg. Polymer products are used in food, sport, medical, and technological industries. There have been numerous applications in all these areas, but in the technological industry, electronic devices, in particular, are affected by electrostatic discharge (ESD) generated by friction during handling, packaging, or transportation. This requires the use of antistatic packaging, a special package that has low electrical resistivity in order to avoid electron accumulation.

This study is an attempt ...


Identification And Distribution Analysis Of The Mid-Phase In A Low-Velocity Gas-Solid Fluidized Bed, Zhenan Zhang 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Identification And Distribution Analysis Of The Mid-Phase In A Low-Velocity Gas-Solid Fluidized Bed, Zhenan Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The intermediate phase in low-velocity gas-solid fluidized beds generally presents excellent gas-solid contact in the systems. However, no comprehensive understanding of this vital phase is available in the literature. Therefore, this study proposed a statistical method to identify this intermediate phase, named ‘mid-phase’ in this thesis, to interpret the system performance based on the analysis of solids holdup in a low-velocity gas-solid fluidized bed.

The distributions of the mid-phase are investigated along both radial and axial directions in consideration of different flow regimes. The result shows that the turbulent regime contains a higher amount of mid-phase and the spatial mid-phase ...


Developing Accurate Methods To Measure Pressure Fluctuations In Fluidized Beds, Lama Abdulal 2022 Western University

Developing Accurate Methods To Measure Pressure Fluctuations In Fluidized Beds, Lama Abdulal

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In gas-solid fluidized beds, pressure measurements provide essential information on bed hydrodynamics and any issues in signal detection. Because solids tend to pass through the line that connects a pressure tap[1]to a pressure transducer, a backflushing system helps to prevent the plugging of this line. This study focuses on designing the backflushed system to minimize any degradation in the pressure signal between the fluidized bed and the pressure transducer. To test, a vessel was pressurized to compare the responses of a backflushed system and a reference transducer to a sudden change in pressure. The results showed that the ...


Contents, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Contents, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

No abstract provided.


The Optimization Of Failure Risk Estimation On The Uniform Corrosion Rate With A Non-Linear Function, Fernanda Hartoyo, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah, Imam Abdillah Mas'ud, Farhan Rama Digita, Hanna Ovelia, Datu Rizal Asral 2022 Universitas Indonesia

The Optimization Of Failure Risk Estimation On The Uniform Corrosion Rate With A Non-Linear Function, Fernanda Hartoyo, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah, Imam Abdillah Mas'ud, Farhan Rama Digita, Hanna Ovelia, Datu Rizal Asral

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Failures in the oil and gas pipeline system are conditions that must be avoided and anticipated because the losses due to the failures can occur at a very high level. Internal corrosion is one of the significant causes of the failures in pipeline systems. In addition, this type of corrosion is due to the high content of carbon dioxide and other corrosive substances in crude oil and natural gas. Therefore, an optimal inspection scheduling system is required to prevent the possibility of pipeline failures due to corrosion and to avoid any overspending on the budget due to excessive inspection scheduling ...


Preface Of Volume 1 Issue 1 On Journal Of Materials Exploration And Findings (Jmef), Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Preface Of Volume 1 Issue 1 On Journal Of Materials Exploration And Findings (Jmef), Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

No abstract provided.


Experimental Study On Co2-Sensitive Polyacrylamide As Potential In-Situ Sealing Agent For Co2 Leakage Pathways In Geological Storage Sites, Iris Laihmen Quan Lopez 2022 Mississippi State University

Experimental Study On Co2-Sensitive Polyacrylamide As Potential In-Situ Sealing Agent For Co2 Leakage Pathways In Geological Storage Sites, Iris Laihmen Quan Lopez

Theses and Dissertations

As the world pushes for ‘greener’ technologies and carbon neutrality, efforts have focused on creating novel ways to mitigate humankind’s carbon footprint. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has become a prevalent technique that has proven to be an effective long-term method to safely relocate excess carbon dioxide (CO2) into subsurface formations. However, CCS is a newer technique which requires constant monitoring due to potential leakage pathways present in CO2 storage sites; therefore, a preventive approach to seal leakage pathways is recommended. This dissertation explores the potential of CO2-sensitive polyacrylamide (CO2-SPAM) as a novel ...


Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb 2022 The University of Maine

Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Increasing concentrations of fluorinated aromatic compounds in surface water, groundwater, and soil pose threats to the environment. Fundamental studies that elucidate mechanisms of dehalogenation for C-X compounds (where X represents a halide) are required to develop effective remediation strategies. For halogenated benzenes, previously published research has suggested that the strength of the C-X bond is not rate-determining in the overall rate of dehalogenation. Instead, the rate-determining step has been hypothesized to be adsorption of the C-X compound onto the surface of a catalyst. Building on this hypothesis, in this work, we examine the reaction kinetics of fluorobenzene conversion to benzene ...


A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Statistical Method To Optimize The Chemical Etching Process Of Zinc Oxide Thin Films, David D. Lynes, Hengky Chandrahalim, Justin M. Brown, Karanvir Singh, Kyle T. Bodily, Kevin D. Leedy

Faculty Publications

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is an attractive material for microscale and nanoscale devices. Its desirable semiconductor, piezoelectric and optical properties make it useful in applications ranging from microphones to missile warning systems to biometric sensors. This work introduces a demonstration of blending statistics and chemical etching of thin films to identify the dominant factors and interaction between factors, and develop statistically enhanced models on etch rate and selectivity of c-axis-oriented nanocrystalline ZnO thin films. Over other mineral acids, ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) solutions have commonly been used to wet etch microscale ZnO devices because of their controllable etch rate and ...


A Rapid And Ultra-Sensitive Biosensing Platform Based On Tunable Dielectrophoresis For Robust Poc Applications, Yu Jiang 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Rapid And Ultra-Sensitive Biosensing Platform Based On Tunable Dielectrophoresis For Robust Poc Applications, Yu Jiang

Doctoral Dissertations

With the ongoing pandemic, there have been increasing concerns recently regarding major public health issues such as abuse of organophosphorus compounds, pathogenic bacterial infections, and biosecurity in agricultural production. Biosensors have long been considered a kernel technology for next-generation diagnostic solutions to improve food safety and public health. Significant amounts of effort have been devoted to inventing novel sensing mechanisms, modifying their designs, improving their performance, and extending their application scopes. However, the reliability and selectivity of most biosensors still have much to be desired, which holds back the development and commercialization of biosensors, especially for on-site and point-of-care (POC ...


Functional Bottlebrush Polymer Additives For Thin Films And Coatings, Travis S. Laws 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Functional Bottlebrush Polymer Additives For Thin Films And Coatings, Travis S. Laws

Doctoral Dissertations

Bottlebrush polymers are a class of highly branched polymers consisting of polymeric side chains that are densely grafted to a linear backbone. Their highly branched architecture results in surface enrichment across a broad range of materials. The goal of my research has been centered around the design of functional bottlebrush polymers and their use as surface active additives in blend films and coatings.

In the first chapter, we examine the segregation behavior of polystyrene bottlebrushes that are blended with linear polystyrene. We systematically vary the lengths of the bottlebrush backbone (Nb), side-chain (Nsc), and the linear matrix (Nm) in order ...


Elucidating Mammalian Cellular Responses To The Uptake Of Nanoparticles (Nps), Pathogens, And Lipoproteins: Similarities And Differences, Monireh Asoudeh 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Elucidating Mammalian Cellular Responses To The Uptake Of Nanoparticles (Nps), Pathogens, And Lipoproteins: Similarities And Differences, Monireh Asoudeh

Doctoral Dissertations

Soft poly-ethylene-glycol (PEG)-based soft nanoparticles (NPs) including cylindrical (CNPs) micelles, spherical (SNPs) micelles, and lipid bilayer vesicles (LNPs) are thought to be treated as foreign objects by mammalian phagocytes. If this hypothesis is true, NPs should trigger a proinflammatory, autophagic phenotype that is similar to the one seen when macrophages phagocytose pathogens or when macrophage surface expressed proteins bind pathogen surface factors such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we show that macrophage responses to the above NPs are almost completely unique from those triggered by group A streptococcus (GAS) pathogens (JRS4 cells) and LPS. Instead, macrophages treat these soft NPs ...


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