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Characterization Of Oxone Mediated Tempo-Oxidized Nano Cellulose Mixed-Matrix Membranes During Ultrafiltration And Hemodialysis, Kristyn Robling 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Oxone Mediated Tempo-Oxidized Nano Cellulose Mixed-Matrix Membranes During Ultrafiltration And Hemodialysis, Kristyn Robling

Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The ninth leading cause of death in the United States is kidney disease, and hemodialysis is the process most commonly prescribed for treatment. It utilizes a selectively permeable membrane filter to remove toxins such as urea from the blood and retain necessary protein levels. However, traditional filters, such as cellulose triacetate, used during dialysis can be inefficient in terms of separation performance and reduction of fouling. Recent exploration of nanoparticles has resulted in the creation of Oxone Mediated TEMPO-Oxidized Nano Cellulose which has properties that are believed to increase hydrophilicity, increase tensile capacity, decrease membrane resistance and lower fouling, making ...


Polyball: A New Adsorbent For The Efficient Removal Of Endotoxin From Biopharmaceuticals, Sidharth Razdan, Jee-Ching Wang, Sutapa Barua 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Polyball: A New Adsorbent For The Efficient Removal Of Endotoxin From Biopharmaceuticals, Sidharth Razdan, Jee-Ching Wang, Sutapa Barua

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The presence of endotoxin, also known as lipopolysaccharides (LPS), as a side product appears to be a major drawback for the production of certain biomolecules that are essential for research, pharmaceutical, and industrial applications. In the biotechnology industry, gram-negative bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli ) are widely used to produce recombinant products such as proteins, plasmid DNAs and vaccines. These products are contaminated with LPS, which may cause side effects when administered to animals or humans. Purification of LPS often suffers from product loss. For this reason, special attention must be paid when purifying proteins aiming a product as free as ...


Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams 2019 Iowa State University

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Derrick K Rollins, Sr.

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith

Joseph D. Smith

Despite advances in small-scale hybrid renewable energy technologies, there are limited economic frameworks that model the different decisions made by a residential hybrid system owner. We present a comprehensive review of studies that examine the techno-economic feasibility of small-scale hybrid energy systems, and we find that the most common approach is to compare the annualized life-time costs to the expected energy output and choose the system with the lowest cost per output. While practical, this type of benefit—cost analysis misses out on other production and consumption decisions that are simultaneously made when adopting a hybrid energy system. In this ...


Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams 2019 Iowa State University

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


Catalyst-Assisted Transformation Of Shale Gas To Transportation Fuels: Performance Of A Single-Site Cobalt Catalyst In Dehydrogenation And Oligomerization Processes, Ethan Edwards 2019 Purdue University

Catalyst-Assisted Transformation Of Shale Gas To Transportation Fuels: Performance Of A Single-Site Cobalt Catalyst In Dehydrogenation And Oligomerization Processes, Ethan Edwards

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Biodegradability Characteristics Of Cellulose-Based Film As Per Is/Iso 14855-1, Narayan C. Saha Dr, Gaurav Madhu Dr, Diksha B. Kadu Ms 2019 Indian Institute of Packaging, Mumbai

Evaluation Of Biodegradability Characteristics Of Cellulose-Based Film As Per Is/Iso 14855-1, Narayan C. Saha Dr, Gaurav Madhu Dr, Diksha B. Kadu Ms

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Biodegradable polymers (especially those derived from plant sources) begin their lifecycle as renewable resources, usually in the form of starch or cellulose. In this paper, the evaluation of biodegradability of cellulose-based polymer film under controlled composting conditions as per the guidelines of IS/ISO 14855 (Part-1) standard has been described. Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) powder was taken as positive-control polymer. The apparatus used to analyse the degree and rate of biodegradation was developed indigenously. The validation of the biodegradability testing apparatus was also performed as per the prescribed test method given in IS/ISO 14855-1.


Gold Polar Intermetallics: Structural Versatility Through Exclusive Bonding Motifs, Volodymyr Smetana, Melissa Rhodehouse, Gerd Meyer, Anja-Verena Mudring 2019 Ames Laboratory and Stockholm University

Gold Polar Intermetallics: Structural Versatility Through Exclusive Bonding Motifs, Volodymyr Smetana, Melissa Rhodehouse, Gerd Meyer, Anja-Verena Mudring

Gerd Meyer

The design of new materials with desired chemical and physical characteristics requires thorough understanding of the underlying composition–structure–property relationships and the experimental possibility of their modification through the controlled involvement of new components. From this point of view, intermetallic phases, a class of compounds formed by two or more metals, present an endless field of combinations that produce several chemical compound classes ranging from simple alloys to true ionic compounds. Polar intermetallics (PICs) belong to the class that is electronically situated in the middle, between Hume–Rothery phases and Zintl compounds and possessing e/a (valence electron per ...


Production Of A New Wastewater Treatment Coagulant From Fly Ash With Concomitant Flue Gas Scrubbing, Ling Li, Maohong Fan, Robert C. Brown, Jacek A. Koziel, Johannes van Leeuwen 2019 Iowa State University

Production Of A New Wastewater Treatment Coagulant From Fly Ash With Concomitant Flue Gas Scrubbing, Ling Li, Maohong Fan, Robert C. Brown, Jacek A. Koziel, Johannes Van Leeuwen

Ling Li

The research focused on the production of a complex wastewater coagulant containing polymeric sulfates of aluminum and iron from fly ash. At the same time, SO2 in the simulated flu gas was removed by absorption in a fly ash slurry and oxidized with sodium chlorate. Extraction efficiency of iron and aluminum oxides from fly ash was affected greatly by reaction temperature and time. The extraction efficiency increases as temperature increases. Removal efficiency of SO2 was influenced by temperature, SO2 feed concentration and feed gas dispersing method. The produced complex coagulant containing both polymeric ferric sulfate (PFS) and polymeric aluminum sulfate ...


Bioengineering Extracellular Matrix Scaffolds For Volumetric Muscle Loss, Kevin Roberts 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Bioengineering Extracellular Matrix Scaffolds For Volumetric Muscle Loss, Kevin Roberts

Theses and Dissertations

Volumetric muscle loss overwhelms skeletal muscle’s ordinarily capable regenerative machinery, resulting in fibrosis and severe functional deficits which have defied clinical repair strategies. My work spans the design and preclinical evaluation of implants intended to drive the cell community of injured muscle toward a regenerative state, as well as the development of an understanding of the molecular responses of this cell community to biomaterial interventions. I demonstrate a new class of biomaterial by leveraging the productive capacity of sacrificial hollow fiber membrane cell culture; I show specifically that unique threads of whole extracellular matrix can be isolated by solvent ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Jonathan C. Claussen

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Surya K. Mallapragada

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Hydrodynamics Studies Of Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed With Binary Mixtures For Dry Coal Beneficiation, Zhijie Fu 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Hydrodynamics Studies Of Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed With Binary Mixtures For Dry Coal Beneficiation, Zhijie Fu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A systematic and comprehensive study of fluidization hydrodynamics and separation properties was conducted in a bench-scale and a semi-industrial Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed (ADMFB) systems for dry coal beneficiation. In order to achieve the adjustment of fluidized bed density for efficient dry gravity separation, various types of binary mixtures of solid particles were tested and used as the medium materials in ADMFB. Fluidization hydrodynamics including minimum fluidization velocity, fluidized bed expansion, solids mixing/segregation, and bed density distribution were carefully investigated. A series of continuous experiments of raw coal dry beneficiation were successfully implemented in a semi-industrial ADMFB system ...


Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada 2019 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(Pyridinium Salt)S As Fire Retardant Materials, Maksudul M. Alam, Bidyut Biswas, Alexi K. Nedeltchev, Haesook Han, Asanga D. Ranasinghe, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Kisholoy Goswami 2019 InnoSense LLC

Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(Pyridinium Salt)S As Fire Retardant Materials, Maksudul M. Alam, Bidyut Biswas, Alexi K. Nedeltchev, Haesook Han, Asanga D. Ranasinghe, Pradip K. Bhowmik, Kisholoy Goswami

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Six new rugged, high-temperature tolerant phosphine oxide-containing poly(4,4′-(p-phenylene)-bis(2,6-diphenylpyridinium)) polymers P-1, P-2, P-3, P-4, P-5, and P-6 are synthesized, characterized, and evaluated. Synthesis results in high yield and purity, as confirmed by elemental, proton (1H), and carbon 13 (13C) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra analyses ... See full text for complete abstract.


Modeling The Interplay Between Photosynthesis, Co2 Fixation, And The Quinone Pool In A Purple Non-Sulfur Bacterium, Adil Alsiyabi 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Modeling The Interplay Between Photosynthesis, Co2 Fixation, And The Quinone Pool In A Purple Non-Sulfur Bacterium, Adil Alsiyabi

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research

Rhodopseudomonas palustris CGA009 is a purple non-sulfur bacterium (PNSB) that can fix CO2 and nitrogen or break down organic compounds for its carbon and nitrogen requirements. Light, inorganic, and organic compounds can all be used for its source of energy. Excess electrons produced during its metabolic processes can be exploited to produce hydrogen gas or biodegradable polyesters (polyhydroxybutyrate). A genome-scale metabolic model of the bacterium was reconstructed to study the interactions between photosynthesis, carbon dioxide fixation, and the redox state of the quinone pool. A comparison of model-predicted flux values with published in vivo MFA fluxes resulted in predicted ...


Experimental Investigation Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluid Additives (Mandarin Peels Powder) To Substitute The Conventional Chemicals Used In Water-Based Drilling Fluid, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Mohammed M. Alkhamis, Rusul A. Mutar, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Experimental Investigation Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluid Additives (Mandarin Peels Powder) To Substitute The Conventional Chemicals Used In Water-Based Drilling Fluid, Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi, Husam H. Alkinani, Shari Dunn-Norman, Mustafa A. Al-Alwani, Abdullah F. Alshammari, Mohammed M. Alkhamis, Rusul A. Mutar, Waleed H. Al-Bazzaz

Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The non-biodegradable additives used in controlling drilling fluid properties cause harm to the environment and personal safety. Thus, there is a need for alternative drilling fluid additives to reduce the amount of non-biodegradable waste disposed to the environment. This work investigates the potential of using mandarin peels powder (MPP), a food waste product, as a new environmentally friendly drilling fluid additive. A complete set of tests were conducted to recognize the impact of MPP on the drilling fluid properties. The results of MPP were compared to low viscosity polyanionic cellulose (PAC-LV), commonly used chemical additive for the drilling fluid. The ...


Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Notes On The Economics Of Residential Hybrid Energy System, Mahelet G. Fikru, Gregory M. Gelles, Ana M. Ichim, Joseph D. Smith

Economics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Despite advances in small-scale hybrid renewable energy technologies, there are limited economic frameworks that model the different decisions made by a residential hybrid system owner. We present a comprehensive review of studies that examine the techno-economic feasibility of small-scale hybrid energy systems, and we find that the most common approach is to compare the annualized life-time costs to the expected energy output and choose the system with the lowest cost per output. While practical, this type of benefit—cost analysis misses out on other production and consumption decisions that are simultaneously made when adopting a hybrid energy system. In this ...


Advanced Measurement Techniques For Enabling Multiphase Reactors And Flow Systems For Sustainable And Cleaner Processes, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Advanced Measurement Techniques For Enabling Multiphase Reactors And Flow Systems For Sustainable And Cleaner Processes, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang 2019 Iowa State University

Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang

Eric W. Cochran

A waterborne, UV-blocking, and visually transparent nanocomposite coating was formulated with ZnO nanoparticles and 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). The coating is highly effective (< 5% UV and ~ 65% visible transmittance) and the film thickness (0.2 – 2.5 μm) is ~100 times thinner than the conventional coatings of similar UV-blocking performance. The superior properties are due to the fractal structures of ZnO nanoparticles assembled within the HEC matrix, revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Changing the binder to 2-hydroxyethyl starch (HES) diminishes the UV-blocking performance, as ZnO nanoparticles form dense globular aggregates, with an aggregation number measured by SAXS three orders of magnitude larger than the HEC coating. Since HEC and HES share the same same chemical compositionrepeating glucose unit in the polymer backbone, it suggests that the conformational characteristics of the binder polymer have a strong influence on the nanoparticle aggregation, which plays a key role in determining the optical performance. Similar structures were achieved with TiO2 nanoparticles. This study not only offers a cost-effective and readily scalable method to fabricate transparent UV-blocking coating, but also demonstrates that the unique fractal aggregation structures in a nanocomposite material can provide high performance and functionality without fully dispersing the nanoparticles.


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