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Evolutionary View Planning For Optimized Uav Terrain Modeling In A Simulated Environment, Ronald A. Martin, Ivan Rojas, Kevin W. Franke, John Hedengren 2016 Brigham Young University

Evolutionary View Planning For Optimized Uav Terrain Modeling In A Simulated Environment, Ronald A. Martin, Ivan Rojas, Kevin W. Franke, John Hedengren

All Faculty Publications

This work demonstrates the use of genetic algorithms in optimized view planning for 3D reconstruction applications using small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The quality of UAV site models is currently highly dependent on manual pilot operations or grid-based automation solutions. When applied to 3D structures, these approaches can result in gaps in the total coverage or inconsistency in final model resolution. Genetic algorithms can effectively explore the search space to locate image positions that produce high quality models in terms of coverage and accuracy. A fitness function is defined, and optimization parameters are selected through semi-exhaustive search. A novel simulation ...


Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, HsunPao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim 2016 Rochester Institute of Technology

Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, Hsunpao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), a biodegradable thermoplastic derived from renewable resources, stands out as a substitute to petroleum-based plastics. PLA based films for food packaging has been an area of both commercial and research interest within the context of sustainability. In spite of its high strength, packaging applications have been limited because PLA is more brittle than traditional oil-based plastics. Because of this, films display low tear and impact resistance and produce a loud crackling sound when manipulated. Although many studies address the toughening of PLA in the bulk, little attention has been placed on the film performance. The present ...


Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk 2016 Lappeenranta University of Technology, Group of Packaging Technology

Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

The uncoated side of dispersion-barrier-coated paperboards was exposed to positive and negative direct current corona treatments in order to confirm the occurrence of backside treatment and clarify its effects on the usability of the paperboard. The main component of the coating dispersions was hydroxypropylated potato starch and the effects of talc and styrene-butadiene latex additions on backside treatment were evaluated. Coatings with a high talc proportion showed excellent initial grease resistance, but corona-induced strikethroughs caused a drastic decrease in grease penetration time. The root-mean-square roughness measurements revealed moderate surface roughening at the backside, indicating thus backside treatment. The alterations in ...


Phylogenetic And Experimental Characterization Of An Acyl-Acp Thioesterase Family Reveals Significant Diversity In Enzymatic Specificity And Activity, Fuyuan Jing, David C. Cantu, Jarmila Tvaruzkova, Jay P. Chipman, Basil J. Nikolau, Marna D. Yandeau-Nelson, Peter J. Reilly 2016 Iowa State University

Phylogenetic And Experimental Characterization Of An Acyl-Acp Thioesterase Family Reveals Significant Diversity In Enzymatic Specificity And Activity, Fuyuan Jing, David C. Cantu, Jarmila Tvaruzkova, Jay P. Chipman, Basil J. Nikolau, Marna D. Yandeau-Nelson, Peter J. Reilly

Basil Nikolau

Background: Acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases (acyl-ACP TEs) catalyze the hydrolysis of the thioester bond that links the acyl chain to the sulfhydryl group of the phosphopantetheine prosthetic group of ACP. This reaction terminates acyl chain elongation of fatty acid biosynthesis, and in plant seeds it is the biochemical determinant of the fatty acid compositions of storage lipids.

Results: To explore acyl-ACP TE diversity and to identify novel acyl ACP-TEs, 31 acyl-ACP TEs from wide-ranging phylogenetic sources were characterized to ascertain their in vivo activities and substrate specificities. These acylACP TEs were chosen by two different approaches: 1) 24 TEs were ...


Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan 2016 University of Dayton

Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan

Kevin Hallinan

Latent energy storage capacity was analyzed for a system consisting of carbon nanoparticlesdopedphase changematerials (PCMs). Three types of samples were prepared by doping shell wax with single wall carbon nanotubes(SWCNTs), multiwall CNTs, and carbon nanofibers. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to measure the latent heat of fusion. The measured values of latent heat for all the samples showed a good enhancement over the latent heat of pure wax. A maximum enhancement of approximately 13% was observed for the wax/SWCNT composite corresponding to 1% loading of SWCNT. The change in latent heat was modeled by using an approximation for ...


Scale-Up Effects Of Co2 Capture By Methylethanolamine (Mdea) Solutions In Terms Of Loading Capacity, João F. Gomes 2016 Instituto Superior Engenharia Lisboa

Scale-Up Effects Of Co2 Capture By Methylethanolamine (Mdea) Solutions In Terms Of Loading Capacity, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

No abstract provided.


Reductive Decomposition Of Calcium Sulfate With Carbon Monoxide: Reaction Mechanism, Jae Seung Oh, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Reductive Decomposition Of Calcium Sulfate With Carbon Monoxide: Reaction Mechanism, Jae Seung Oh, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

When CaS04 was treated with a mixture of CO, COz, SOz, and Nz at 1150 "C in thermogravimetric analysis equipment, various reaction stages were identified, and the final product distribution was found to depend on the reducing potential (Pco/PcoJ of the gases. At low reducing potentials (_<0.10), the CaS04 was completely converted to CaO. At moderate reducing potentials (Le., 0.20), CaS04 was converted rapidly to CaO, which was then converted more slowly to Cas. The rate-controlling mechanisms seemed to differ markedly for the earlier and final reaction stages.


Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock 2016 Iowa State University

Role Of Induction Time And Other Properties In The Recovery Of Coal From Aqueous Suspensions By Agglomeration With Heptane, C.W. Fan, Y.C. Hu, R. Markuszewski, Thomas D. Wheelock

Thomas D. Wheelock

The percent recovery of fine coal or graphite particles suspended in water by agglomeration with heptane was highly dependent on the measured induction time, i.e., the gas bubble to particle attachment time of the material. The induction time was found to correlate closely with the heat of immersion of the solids in water, another indicator of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic character of the material. For a series of coals and graphite, the agglomeration recovery decreased exponentially with increasing induction time. For the more oleophilic coal or graphite particles, an increase in salt (NaC1) concentration of the suspending medium caused an ...


Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys For Orthopaedic Applications: A Review On Corrosion, Biocompatibility And Surface Modifications., Sankalp Agarwal, James Curtin, Brendan Duffy, Swarna Jaiswal 2016 CREST, Dublin Institute of Technology

Biodegradable Magnesium Alloys For Orthopaedic Applications: A Review On Corrosion, Biocompatibility And Surface Modifications., Sankalp Agarwal, James Curtin, Brendan Duffy, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys have been extensively explored as potential biodegradable implant materials for orthopaedic applications (e.g. Fracture fixation). However, the rapid corrosion of Mg based alloys in physiological conditions has delayed their introduction for therapeutic applications to date. The present review focuses on corrosion, biocompatibility and surface modifications of biodegradable Mg alloys for orthopaedic applications. Initially, the corrosion behaviour of Mg alloys and the effect of alloying elements on corrosion and biocompatibility is discussed. Furthermore, the influence of polymeric deposit coatings, namely sol-gel, synthetic aliphatic polyesters and natural polymers on corrosion and biological performance of Mg and ...


Influence Of Socio-Demography And Operating Streetscape On Last-Mile Mode Choice, M. Meng, P. P. Koh, Y. D. Wong 2016 TUM CREATE

Influence Of Socio-Demography And Operating Streetscape On Last-Mile Mode Choice, M. Meng, P. P. Koh, Y. D. Wong

Journal of Public Transportation

This study investigated how personal and operational factors (travel distance and streetscape) influence traveler mode choice decisions for the last-mile home-bound trip stage from rail transit stations. Personal factors include the socio-demography of travelers, and attributes of the streetscape include the built environment (degree of areal development), prevalence of cycling, availability of short-range transport modes, and walking/cycling infrastructure. Interviewers randomly intercepted pedestrians to administer a mode choice survey at five rail transit station exits and engaged all available cyclists at bicycle parking areas in the vicinity of stations in Singapore. A multimodal logit regression model revealed a significant relationship ...


Fluid Analysis In Solar Heat Pipes, Ben Krumholz, Michael Agavo, William Dundon 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Fluid Analysis In Solar Heat Pipes, Ben Krumholz, Michael Agavo, William Dundon

Mechanical Engineering

Evacuated tube solar collectors are efficient systems that use heat pipes to facilitate heat transfer. They use incoming solar radiation to heat water. Professor Mason Medizade tasked the team with choosing a component of the system to research and test its influence on system performance. The team investigated the working fluid that runs through the heat pipes. Distilled water, acetone, and ethanol at a range of fill volumes form 1 mL to 11 mL were tested. The team's goal was to find a volume for each fluid to maximize performance of the system. Performance was defined as average temperature ...


Thermal Treatment Of Electronic Waste In A Fluidised Bed And Chemical Digestion Of Solid Products, Amelia Woynarowska, Witold Zukowski, Sylwester Żelazny 2016 Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Thermal Treatment Of Electronic Waste In A Fluidised Bed And Chemical Digestion Of Solid Products, Amelia Woynarowska, Witold Zukowski, Sylwester Żelazny

Witold Zukowski

The article presents the results of e-waste thermal treatment in a fluidised bed reactor and solid products digestion under acidic conditions. During the processes, measurements of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, phenol, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, hydrogen fluoride and phosgene were carried out. Several digestion tests of the solid residue in sulphuric acid (VI) at 25 °C–65 °C, for 55 min–24 h were conducted. In each case, the dilution method was used, i.e. preliminary digestion in concentrated sulphuric acid (VI) (95%) for 40 min ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Microfluidic Platforms To Study Host-Microbiome Interactions, Abhinav Sharma, Neil Forbes, Jungwoo Lee 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Microfluidic Platforms To Study Host-Microbiome Interactions, Abhinav Sharma, Neil Forbes, Jungwoo Lee

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

About three-quarters of human body surface is exposed to dense microbial population along the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT) that accommodates around 80% of immune cells. The GIT is one of the most critical sites for metabolic and immunologic homeostasis in the body. While large-scale genomic analysis and germ-free mice have been widely used, they are limited to capture the dynamic functional interaction between host-microbiome in a humanized setting. in-vitro recapitulation of GIT physiology can be a powerful alternative for hypothesis testing in diseases like IBD and cancer.

As a first step, we developed a simple transwell assembly to closely emulate GIT ...


Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Particle Entrainment Studies From Dry And Wet Bed, Saber Ayatollahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

During the Fluid Coking Process™ bitumen is sprayed into a fluidized bed of hot coke particles. The bitumen undergoes thermal cracking and is converted into gasses, condensable vapors, and solid coke, which deposits on the coke particles. These vapors rise through the vessel and result in entrainment of coke particles. Wet fine coke particles from the freeboard region enter the cyclone and contribute to the fouling of the Coker cyclones which can lead to the premature shut-down of Fluid Cokers.

The primary objective of this research is to determine how bed wetness affects entrainment.

First, a new fluidized bed was ...


Development Of Steady-State And Dynamic Flux Models For Broad-Scope Microbial Metabolism Analysis, Lian He 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Development Of Steady-State And Dynamic Flux Models For Broad-Scope Microbial Metabolism Analysis, Lian He

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Flux analysis techniques, including flux balance analysis (FBA) and 13C-metabolic flux analysis (MFA), can characterize carbon and energy flows through a cells metabolic network. By employing both 13C-labeling experiments and nonlinear programming, 13C-MFA provides a rigorous way of examining cell flux distributions in the central metabolism. FBA, on the other hand, gives a holistic review of optimal fluxomes on the genome scale. In this dissertation, flux analysis techniques were constructed to investigate the microbial metabolisms.

First, an open-source and programming-free platform of 13C-MFA (WUFlux) with a user-friendly interface in MATLAB was developed, which allowed both mass isotopomer distribution (MID) analysis ...


Hydrodynamics And Mass Transfer In Bubble Columns, Onkar N. Manjrekar 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Hydrodynamics And Mass Transfer In Bubble Columns, Onkar N. Manjrekar

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Bubble columns and slurry bubble columns are multiphase reactors used for a wide range of applications in the biochemical, chemical, petrochemical, and metallurgical industries. In spite of their widespread usage, the scale-up of bubble columns remains an ongoing challenge. Various scale-up approaches, based on concepts ranging from ideal mixing to complex 3-D multiphase CFD models, have been used for assessing the effect of column size and gas and liquid flow rates on column hydrodynamics and reactor performance. Among these approaches, phenomenological models based on either single-class or multi-class bubbles that were validated on cold flow systems have been successful in ...


Microstructure And Rheology Of Carbon Nanotubes At Air-Water Interfaces, Charles D. Young 2016 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Microstructure And Rheology Of Carbon Nanotubes At Air-Water Interfaces, Charles D. Young

Honors Scholar Theses

This work characterizes the material properties of carbon nanotubes at air-water interfaces for potential use in creating stable emulsions. Properties such as length, aspect ratio, contact angle, microstructural ordering, surface pressure, compression and shear elastic moduli, stresses, surface viscosities and non-linearity are explored. Challenges such as deviation from a classical analysis of monolayers are encountered in the form of aggregation, mechanical contributions, and interface relaxation. These factors are taken into account to explain experimental measurements and trends. Ultimately, existing models for more homogeneous systems are resolved with observations to offer insight and areas of promise moving forward.


Hybrid Sulfur Process For Solar Production Of Hydrogen, John Jacob Isenhower, Katherine Cross Henderson, Nicholas Joseph Eigenbrot 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Hybrid Sulfur Process For Solar Production Of Hydrogen, John Jacob Isenhower, Katherine Cross Henderson, Nicholas Joseph Eigenbrot

Theses and Dissertations

Lowering dependence on fossil-based fuels has become a major area of focus in research, especially in transportation fuels. One particularly interesting field is that of hydrogen production. Hydrogen is promising because it has the potential to emit no greenhouse gases when used as fuel and is an excellent vessel for energy storage. Because traditional methods for its generation are inefficient and require nonrenewable fuel use, researchers have begun to focus on thermochemical cycles.

Thermochemical cycles are systems that require heat transfer intrinsically and do not consume fossil fuels nor emit greenhouse gases if renewable energy is used for heating. The ...


Investigation On Effect Of Acid Wash With Thermocol Ball On Physical Properties Of Knitted Garments, Elias Khalil 2016 World University of Bangladesh (WUB)

Investigation On Effect Of Acid Wash With Thermocol Ball On Physical Properties Of Knitted Garments, Elias Khalil

Textile Engineering

Washing is considered as the final process of garments finishing. Acid washing is one kind of finishing treatment used for making sewn garments aesthetic, fashionable, soft, comfortable and also adding value to the final garments. This paper investigates the effect of the acid washing (with thermocol balls and potassium permanganate) on different physical properties of three knitted garments (Single Jersey 100% Cotton T-shirt, Single Jersey 95% Cotton 5% Spandex T-Shirt and 1 × 1 Rib100% Cotton T-Shirt). Typical washing procedures and techniques were followed and then physical properties were analyzed under standard condition. It is observed that fabric weight, CPI, WPI ...


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