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Advancing Omnimodality: Expanding Human Creativity Through Adaptable And Accessible Multimodal Computing Systems, Joshua Urban Davis 2024 Dartmouth College

Advancing Omnimodality: Expanding Human Creativity Through Adaptable And Accessible Multimodal Computing Systems, Joshua Urban Davis

Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations

Emerging technologies have given us a whole host of new ways for people to be

creative. From the immersive worlds of AR/VR to the synthesis powers of largelanguage

models and generative AI, these new tools hold the potential to reshape

human expression and creativity. But how can we ensure that these new modalities

are accessible to everyone, even those who aren’t able bodied? This thesis advocates

for a human-centered approach to the development of many-modal systems. I will

probe how our machines support, direct, or inhibit creativity as a mode of problem

solving through 6 novel multimodal prototype interfaces and …


Presence Of Atheromatous Plaques And Theirs Effects On The Blood Flow, belhocine mostefa Bm, amrani hichem AH, fedaoui kamel dr, mazouz Hammoudi Mh 2024 Department of mechanic, Faculty of technology, University Batna 2, Algeria

Presence Of Atheromatous Plaques And Theirs Effects On The Blood Flow, Belhocine Mostefa Bm, Amrani Hichem Ah, Fedaoui Kamel Dr, Mazouz Hammoudi Mh

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

The paper utilizes a finite element method to study both the blood flow and atheromatous plaques. Specifically, the COMSOL finite element package is employed to achieve a fluid model. COMSOL is a powerful finite element tool commonly used in various research and industrial domains to study multiphysics problems. The focus of the investigation is on the geometric aspects of the atheromatous plaques. The study considers different forms and arrangements of stenosis, taking into account the irregularities formed by various shapes of the plaques and the resulting flow patterns. The key findings of the research suggest that the pressure and velocity …


Star-Based Reachability Analysis Of Binary Neural Networks On Continuous Input, Mykhailo Ivashchenko 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Star-Based Reachability Analysis Of Binary Neural Networks On Continuous Input, Mykhailo Ivashchenko

Department of Computer Science and Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have become a popular instrument for solving various real-world problems. DNNs’ sophisticated structure allows them to learn complex representations and features. However, architecture specifics and floating-point number usage result in increased computational operations complexity. For this reason, a more lightweight type of neural networks is widely used when it comes to edge devices, such as microcomputers or microcontrollers – Binary Neural Networks (BNNs). Like other DNNs, BNNs are vulnerable to adversarial attacks; even a small perturbation to the input set may lead to an errant output. Unfortunately, only a few approaches have been proposed for verifying …


Automated Brain Tumor Classifier With Deep Learning, venkata sai krishna chaitanya kandula 2024 California State University – San Bernardino

Automated Brain Tumor Classifier With Deep Learning, Venkata Sai Krishna Chaitanya Kandula

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Brain Tumors are abnormal growth of cells within the brain that can be categorized as benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Accurate and timely classification of brain tumors is crucial for effective treatment planning and patient care. Medical imaging techniques like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) provide detailed visualizations of brain structures, aiding in diagnosis and tumor classification[8].

In this project, we propose a brain tumor classifier applying deep learning methodologies to automatically classify brain tumor images without any manual intervention. The classifier uses deep learning architectures to extract and classify brain MRI images. Specifically, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) …


Quantifying Hurricane Effects On Housing: Evaluating Damage, Loss, And Shelter Demands Using Historical And Simulated Storm Tracks, Adish Deep Shakya 2024 Clemson University

Quantifying Hurricane Effects On Housing: Evaluating Damage, Loss, And Shelter Demands Using Historical And Simulated Storm Tracks, Adish Deep Shakya

All Theses

This research introduces an advanced framework which employs parametric wind field models for peak wind speeds, and building fragility curves, loss functions, and demographic data to estimate for estimating housing damage and loss. The uninhabitable units immediate displaced households, short-term and long-term shelter need households are determined. with a particular focus on those eligible for FEMA assistance. The framework's validity is reinforced by a high correlation in the analysis of recent hurricane events between estimated numbers of displaced households and actual FEMA aid recipients, where FEMA aids about 20-60% of the predicted long-term displaced households. A novel application of the …


Numerical Simulation Of Laser Induced Elastic Waves In Response To Short And Ultrashort Laser Pulses., Alireza Zarei 2024 Clemson University

Numerical Simulation Of Laser Induced Elastic Waves In Response To Short And Ultrashort Laser Pulses., Alireza Zarei

All Dissertations

In an era of intensified market competition, the demand for cost-effective, high-quality, high-performance, and reliable products continues to rise. Meeting this demand necessitates the mass production of premium products through the integration of cutting-edge technologies and advanced materials while ensuring their integrity and safety. In this context, Nondestructive Testing (NDT) techniques emerge as indispensable tools for guaranteeing the integrity, reliability, and safety of products across diverse industries.

Various NDT techniques, including ultrasonic testing, computed tomography, thermography, and acoustic emissions, have long served as cornerstones for inspecting materials and structures. Among these, ultrasonic testing stands out as the most prevalent method, …


Developing General Purpose Apps To Automate Image Analysis Of Wave-Augmented-Varicose-Explosion Atomization And Other Multi-Phase Interfacial Flows, Ethan Newkirk 2024 Liberty University

Developing General Purpose Apps To Automate Image Analysis Of Wave-Augmented-Varicose-Explosion Atomization And Other Multi-Phase Interfacial Flows, Ethan Newkirk

Senior Honors Theses

Atomization involves disrupting a flow of contiguous liquid into small droplets ranging from one submicron to several hundred microns (micrometers) in diameter through the processes of exerting sufficient forces that disrupt the retaining surface tensions of the liquid. Understanding this phenomenon requires high-speed imaging from physical models or rigorous multiphase computational fluid dynamics models. We produce a MATLAB application that utilizes various methods of image analysis to quickly analyze and store mathematical data from detailed image analyses. We present a user with numerous tools and capabilities that provide results that deviate from 1.8% to 8.9% of the original image sequence …


Development Of Supg And Stabilized Finite Element Method Solvers For The Two Fluid Plasma Model, Kenneth A. Croft 2024 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of Supg And Stabilized Finite Element Method Solvers For The Two Fluid Plasma Model, Kenneth A. Croft

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes efforts to employ stabilized finite element method approaches to simulate ideal two fluid plasma dynamics. First, the streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) finite element method, which is well developed and known to be applicable to models containing terms like those in the ideal two fluid plasma model, is employed. Then, in an attempt to address some shortcomings found in that approach, another stabilized finite element method is developed along similar lines, starting from a steady state advection-reaction equation rather than a steady state advection-diffusion equation as was done in the development of the SUPG method. The performance of the SUPG …


Data Engineering: Building Software Efficiency In Medium To Large Organizations, Alessandro De La Torre 2024 Whittier College

Data Engineering: Building Software Efficiency In Medium To Large Organizations, Alessandro De La Torre

Whittier Scholars Program

The introduction of PoetHQ, a mobile application, offers an economical strategy for colleges, potentially ushering in significant cost savings. These savings could be redirected towards enhancing academic programs and services, enriching the educational landscape for students. PoetHQ aims to democratize access to crucial software, effectively removing financial barriers and facilitating a richer educational experience. By providing an efficient software solution that reduces organizational overhead while maximizing accessibility for students, the project highlights the essential role of equitable education and resource optimization within academic institutions.


Computational Modeling And Analysis Of Facial Expressions And Gaze For Discovery Of Candidate Behavioral Biomarkers For Children And Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Megan Anita Witherow 2024 Old Dominion University

Computational Modeling And Analysis Of Facial Expressions And Gaze For Discovery Of Candidate Behavioral Biomarkers For Children And Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Megan Anita Witherow

Electrical & Computer Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Facial expression production and perception in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggest the potential presence of behavioral biomarkers that may stratify individuals on the spectrum into prognostic or treatment subgroups. High-speed internet and the ease of technology have enabled remote, scalable, affordable, and timely access to medical care, such as measurements of ASDrelated behaviors in familiar environments to complement clinical observation. Machine and deep learning (DL)-based analysis of video tracking (VT) of expression production and eye tracking (ET) of expression perception may aid stratification biomarker discovery for children and young adults with ASD. However, there are open challenges in 1) facial …


Generative Language Models For Personalized Information Understanding, Pengshan Cai 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Generative Language Models For Personalized Information Understanding, Pengshan Cai

Doctoral Dissertations

A major challenge in information understanding stems from the diverse nature of the audience, where individuals possess varying preferences, experiences, educational and cultural backgrounds. Consequently, adopting a one-size-fits-all approach to provide information may prove suboptimal. While prior research has predominantly focused on delivering pre-existing content to users with potential interests, this thesis explores generative language models for personalized information understanding. By harnessing the potential of generative language models, our objective is to generate novel personalize content for individual users. As a result, users from diverse backgrounds can be provided with content that are tailored for their need and better aligns …


Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan 2024 Islamic University of Science and Technology

Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan

Research Symposium

Background: The system's performance may be impacted by the high-dimensional feature dataset, attributed to redundant, non-informative, or irrelevant features, commonly referred to as noise. To mitigate inefficiency and suboptimal performance, our goal is to identify the optimal and minimal set of features capable of representing the entire dataset. Consequently, the Feature Selector (Fs) serves as an operator, transforming an m-dimensional feature set into an n-dimensional feature set. This process aims to generate a filtered dataset with reduced dimensions, enhancing the algorithm's efficiency.

Methods: This paper introduces an innovative feature selection approach utilizing a genetic algorithm with an ensemble crossover operation …


A 4-Node Shell Finite Element Based On Assumed Bending And Membrane Strains For Static Analysis Of Plates And Shells, sifeddine abderrahmani 2024 University of Echahid Cheikh Larbi Tebessi, Algeria

A 4-Node Shell Finite Element Based On Assumed Bending And Membrane Strains For Static Analysis Of Plates And Shells, Sifeddine Abderrahmani

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

In this paper the development of a new rectangular flat shell element is proposed. This element is called SBRPK-SBRIE. This element is used in the numerical analysis of thin structures based on the strain approach with linear elastic behavior. Combining bending and membrane elements yields the proposed element.The strain-based rectangular finite element for the thin plate bending element denoted SBRPK, and the strain-based membrane element denoted SBRIE. Several numerical examples have been conducted to assess the accuracy and reliability of the developed element compared with the theoretical results and other finite elements. Obtained results show its good performance compared to …


Comparison Of Conventional And Adaptive Acoustic Beamforming Algorithms Using A Tetrahedral Microphone Array In Noisy Environments, Megan Brittany Ewers 2024 Portland State University

Comparison Of Conventional And Adaptive Acoustic Beamforming Algorithms Using A Tetrahedral Microphone Array In Noisy Environments, Megan Brittany Ewers

Dissertations and Theses

In situ acoustic measurements are often plagued by interfering sound sources that occur within the measurement environment. Both adaptive and conventional beamforming algorithms, when applied to the outputs of a microphone array arranged in a tetrahedral geometry, are able to capture sound sources in desired directions and reject sound from unwanted directions. Adaptive algorithms may be able to measure a desired sound source with greater spatial precision, but require more calculations and, therefore, computational power. A conventional frequency-domain phase-shift algorithm and a modified adaptive frequency-domain Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR) algorithm were applied to simulated and recorded signals from a …


Artificial Neural Network Modeling Applied For Predicting Reformate Yield And Research Octane Number In The Reforming Process, Badiea S. Babaqi, Abdelrigeeb Ali Al-Gathe, Mohd S. Takriff, Hassimi Abu Hasan, Mohammed H. Al-Douh 2024 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Petroleum, Hadhramout University, Mukalla, Hadhramout, Yemen

Artificial Neural Network Modeling Applied For Predicting Reformate Yield And Research Octane Number In The Reforming Process, Badiea S. Babaqi, Abdelrigeeb Ali Al-Gathe, Mohd S. Takriff, Hassimi Abu Hasan, Mohammed H. Al-Douh

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The prediction model of the continuous catalytic regeneration reforming process was developed for expecting the reformate yield and research octane number using an Artificial Neural Network technique (ANN) to improve the process performance. The proposed model includes temperatures, pressures, and hydrogen to hydrocarbon molar ratio as input parameters while the output of the process represents reformate yield and research octane number. The ANN model was carried out to estimate the process behavior based on the Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm, which included the nine input parameters, two hidden layers (10-5 neurons), and two parameters as network outputs. The results obtained were that the …


Ai And 6g Into The Metaverse: Fundamentals, Challenges And Future Research Trends, Muhammad Zawish, Fayaz Ali Dharejo, Sunder Ali Khowaja, Saleem Raza, Steven Davy, Kapal Dev, Paolo Bellavista 2024 South East Technological University, Ireland

Ai And 6g Into The Metaverse: Fundamentals, Challenges And Future Research Trends, Muhammad Zawish, Fayaz Ali Dharejo, Sunder Ali Khowaja, Saleem Raza, Steven Davy, Kapal Dev, Paolo Bellavista

Articles

Since Facebook was renamed Meta, a lot of attention, debate, and exploration have intensified about what the Metaverse is, how it works, and the possible ways to exploit it. It is anticipated that Metaverse will be a continuum of rapidly emerging technologies, usecases, capabilities, and experiences that will make it up for the next evolution of the Internet. Several researchers have already surveyed the literature on artificial intelligence (AI) and wireless communications in realizing the Metaverse. However, due to the rapid emergence and continuous evolution of technologies, there is a need for a comprehensive and in-depth survey of the role …


Iequity: An Augmented Reality Theatre Production, Amy Pan, Kristina Arnold Dr, Alan White, Truth Tran 2024 Western Kentucky University

Iequity: An Augmented Reality Theatre Production, Amy Pan, Kristina Arnold Dr, Alan White, Truth Tran

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Augmented reality is commonly seen being used in game development and design, typically seen through a mobile device such as a phone. However, it has rarely been tested and pushed to its limits in other settings. The main focus of this project was trying to deploy augmented reality in settings that are seen as more traditional. This will be done by taking a play, pre-written and performed by a professor at Western Kentucky University, and building an augmented reality set for the play in the background. The main software that will be used is Unity and Blender. Unity will be …


Immersive Framework For Designing Trajectories Using Augmented Reality, Joseph Anderson, Leo Materne, Karis Cooks, Michelle Aros, Jaia Huggins, Jesika Geliga-Torres, Kamden Kuykendall, David Canales, Barbara Chaparro 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Immersive Framework For Designing Trajectories Using Augmented Reality, Joseph Anderson, Leo Materne, Karis Cooks, Michelle Aros, Jaia Huggins, Jesika Geliga-Torres, Kamden Kuykendall, David Canales, Barbara Chaparro

Publications

The intuitive interaction capabilities of augmented reality make it ideal for solving complex 3D problems that require complex spatial representations, which is key for astrodynamics and space mission planning. By implementing common and complex orbital mechanics algorithms in augmented reality, a hands-on method for designing orbit solutions and spacecraft missions is created. This effort explores the aforementioned implementation with the Microsoft Hololens 2 as well as its applications in industry and academia. Furthermore, a human-centered design process and study are utilized to ensure the tool is user-friendly while maintaining accuracy and applicability to higher-fidelity problems.


The Integration Of Neuromorphic Computing In Autonomous Robotic Systems, Md Abu Bakr Siddique 2024 Michigan Technological University

The Integration Of Neuromorphic Computing In Autonomous Robotic Systems, Md Abu Bakr Siddique

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have come a long way in many cognitive tasks by training on large, labeled datasets. However, this method has problems in places with limited data and energy, like when planetary robots are used or when edge computing is used [1]. In contrast to this data-heavy approach, animals demonstrate an innate ability to learn by communicating with their environment and forming associative memories among events and entities, a process known as associative learning [2-4]. For instance, rats in a T-maze learn to associate different stimuli with outcomes through exploration without needing labeled data [5]. This learning paradigm …


Simulation Of Wave Propagation In Granular Particles Using A Discrete Element Model, Syed Tahmid Hussan 2024 Georgia Southern University

Simulation Of Wave Propagation In Granular Particles Using A Discrete Element Model, Syed Tahmid Hussan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The understanding of Bender Element mechanism and utilization of Particle Flow Code (PFC) to simulate the seismic wave behavior is important to test the dynamic behavior of soil particles. Both discrete and finite element methods can be used to simulate wave behavior. However, Discrete Element Method (DEM) is mostly suitable, as the micro scaled soil particle cannot be fully considered as continuous specimen like a piece of rod or aluminum. Recently DEM has been widely used to study mechanical properties of soils at particle level considering the particles as balls. This study represents a comparative analysis of Voigt and Best …


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