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Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher 2019 Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher

Articles

Word embeddings trained on natural corpora (e.g., newspaper collections, Wikipedia or the Web) excel in capturing thematic similarity (“topical relatedness”) on word pairs such as ‘coffee’ and ‘cup’ or ’bus’ and ‘road’. However, they are less successful on pairs showing taxonomic similarity, like ‘cup’ and ‘mug’ (near synonyms) or ‘bus’ and ‘train’ (types of public transport). Moreover, purely taxonomy-based embeddings (e.g. those trained on a random-walk of WordNet’s structure) outperform natural-corpus embeddings in taxonomic similarity but underperform them in thematic similarity. Previous work suggests that performance gains in both types of similarity can be achieved by enriching ...


Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista 2019 University of Central Florida

Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

This is version 2.0.2. BMP Trains 2020 is a computer program used to assess the average annual removal effectiveness of nutrients. It is based on research from the State of Florida and uses design criteria in the State. It is accepted by regulatory agencies in the State. This release increases the reporting decimal places for TP removed in the complete and summary reports.

The development was supported by the Florida Department of Transportation. It is an improvement from all previous versions – most notably because of the departure from the Microsoft Excel platform to being programmed and compiled using ...


Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer 2019 Technological University Dublin

Modelling The Addition Of Limestone In Cement Using Hydcem, Niall Holmes, Denis Kelliher, Mark Tyrer

Conference papers

Hydration models can aid in the prediction, understanding and description of hydration behaviour over time as the move towards more sustainable cements continues.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration and heat release over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, complements more sophisticated thermodynamic models by predicting these properties over time using user-friendly inputs within one code. A number of functions and methods based on up to date cement hydration behaviour from the literature are hard-wired into the code along ...


Improve Image Classification Using Data Augmentation And Neural Networks, Shanqing Gu, Manisha Pednekar, Robert Slater 2019 Southern Methodist University

Improve Image Classification Using Data Augmentation And Neural Networks, Shanqing Gu, Manisha Pednekar, Robert Slater

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we present how to improve image classification by using data augmentation and convolutional neural networks. Model overfitting and poor performance are common problems in applying neural network techniques. Approaches to bring intra-class differences down and retain sensitivity to the inter-class variations are important to maximize model accuracy and minimize the loss function. With CIFAR-10 public image dataset, the effects of model overfitting were monitored within different model architectures in combination of data augmentation and hyper-parameter tuning. The model performance was evaluated with train and test accuracy and loss, characteristics derived from the confusion matrices, and visualizations of ...


Development Of A Statistical Shape-Function Model Of The Implanted Knee For Real-Time Prediction Of Joint Mechanics, Kalin Gibbons 2019 Boise State University

Development Of A Statistical Shape-Function Model Of The Implanted Knee For Real-Time Prediction Of Joint Mechanics, Kalin Gibbons

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are dependent on surgical technique, patient variability, and implant design. Non-optimal design or alignment choices may result in undesirable contact mechanics and joint kinematics, including poor joint alignment, instability, and reduced range of motion. Implant design and surgical alignment are modifiable factors with potential to improve patient outcomes, and there is a need for robust implant designs that can accommodate patient variability. Our objective was to develop a statistical shape-function model (SFM) of a posterior stabilized implant knee to instantaneously predict output mechanics in an efficient manner. Finite element methods were combined with Latin ...


Adaptation Of A Deep Learning Algorithm For Traffic Sign Detection, Jose Luis Masache Narvaez 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Adaptation Of A Deep Learning Algorithm For Traffic Sign Detection, Jose Luis Masache Narvaez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Traffic signs detection is becoming increasingly important as various approaches for automation using computer vision are becoming widely used in the industry. Typical applications include autonomous driving systems, mapping and cataloging traffic signs by municipalities. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have shown state of the art performances in classification tasks, and as a result, object detection algorithms based on CNNs have become popular in computer vision tasks. Two-stage detection algorithms like region proposal methods (R-CNN and Faster R-CNN) have better performance in terms of localization and recognition accuracy. However, these methods require high computational power for training and inference that make ...


The Perils And Promises Of Artificial General Intelligence, Brian S. Haney 2019 Notre Dame Law School

The Perils And Promises Of Artificial General Intelligence, Brian S. Haney

Journal of Legislation

No abstract provided.


Machine Learning With Multi-Class Regression And Neural Networks: Analysis And Visualization Of Crime Data In Seattle, Erkin David George 2019 Seattle Pacific University

Machine Learning With Multi-Class Regression And Neural Networks: Analysis And Visualization Of Crime Data In Seattle, Erkin David George

Honors Projects

This article examines the implications of machine learning algorithms and models, and the significance of their construction when investigating criminal data. It uses machine learning models and tools to store, clean and analyze data that is fed into a machine learning model. This model is then compared to another model to test for accuracy, biases and patterns that are detected in between the experiments. The data was collected from data.seattle.gov and was published by the City of Seattle Data Portal and was accessed on September 17, 2018. This research will be looking into how machine learning models can ...


Fifth Aeon - A.I Competition And Balancer, William M. Ritson 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Fifth Aeon - A.I Competition And Balancer, William M. Ritson

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Collectible Card Games (CCG) are one of the most popular types of games in both digital and physical space. Despite their popularity, there is a great deal of room for exploration into the application of artificial intelligence in order to enhance CCG gameplay and development. This paper presents Fifth Aeon a novel and open source CCG built to run in browsers and two A.I applications built upon Fifth Aeon. The first application is an artificial intelligence competition run on the Fifth Aeon game. The second is an automatic balancing system capable of helping a designer create new cards that ...


Cloneless: Code Clone Detection Via Program Dependence Graphs With Relaxed Constraints, Thomas J. Simko 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Cloneless: Code Clone Detection Via Program Dependence Graphs With Relaxed Constraints, Thomas J. Simko

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Code clones are pieces of code that have the same functionality. While some clones may structurally match one another, others may look drastically different. The inclusion of code clones clutters a code base, leading to increased costs through maintenance. Duplicate code is introduced through a variety of means, such as copy-pasting, code generated by tools, or developers unintentionally writing similar pieces of code. While manual clone identification may be more accurate than automated detection, it is infeasible due to the extensive size of many code bases. Software code clone detection methods have differing degree of success based on the analysis ...


A Machine Learning Approach To Predicting Alcohol Consumption In Adolescents From Historical Text Messaging Data, Adrienne Bergh 2019 Chapman University

A Machine Learning Approach To Predicting Alcohol Consumption In Adolescents From Historical Text Messaging Data, Adrienne Bergh

Computational and Data Sciences (MS) Theses

Techniques based on artificial neural networks represent the current state-of-the-art in machine learning due to the availability of improved hardware and large data sets. Here we employ doc2vec, an unsupervised neural network, to capture the semantic content of text messages sent by adolescents during high school, and encode this semantic content as numeric vectors. These vectors effectively condense the text message data into highly leverageable inputs to a logistic regression classifier in a matter of hours, as compared to the tedious and often quite lengthy task of manually coding data. Using our machine learning approach, we are able to train ...


Analytical And Numerical Modeling Of Cavity Expansion In Anisotropic Poroelastoplastic Soil, Kai Liu 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Analytical And Numerical Modeling Of Cavity Expansion In Anisotropic Poroelastoplastic Soil, Kai Liu

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Cavity expansion/contraction problems have attracted intensive attentions over the past several decades due to its versatile applications, such as the interpretation of pressuremeter/piezocone penetration testing results and the modelling of pile installation/tunnel excavation in civil engineering, and the prediction of critical mud pressure required to maintain the wellbore stability in petroleum engineering. Despite the fact that various types of constitutive models have been covered in the literature on this subject, the soils and/or rocks were usually treated as isotropic geomaterials.

In recognition of the above fact, this research makes a substantial extension of the fundamental cavity ...


University Of Rhode Island Course Information Assistant, Daniel Gauthier 2019 University of Rhode Island

University Of Rhode Island Course Information Assistant, Daniel Gauthier

Senior Honors Projects

Personal voice-interactive systems have become ubiquitous in daily life. There are many of these digital assistants such as Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant. The chances are high you have access to one right now. This technology has reached a point where the context of a conversation can be maintained, which is a vast improvement over earlier technology. Interactions without conversational context can limit interactions greatly and this was the case for previous digital assistants. Every time someone would say something to an assistant, it was like they were constantly changing operators on a customer service line. The assistants can now ...


Clustering Heterogeneous Autism Spectrum Disorder Data., Mariem Boujelbene 2019 University of Louisville

Clustering Heterogeneous Autism Spectrum Disorder Data., Mariem Boujelbene

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. Several studies have been conducted in the past years to develop a better understanding of the disease and therefore a better diagnosis and a better treatment by analyzing diverse data sets consisting of behavioral surveys and tests, phenotype description, and brain imagery. However, data analysis is challenged by the diversity, complexity and heterogeneity of patient cases and by the need for integrating diverse data sets to reach a better understanding of ASD. The aim of our study is to mine homogeneous groups of patients from a heterogeneous ...


Modeling And Counteracting Exposure Bias In Recommender Systems., Sami Khenissi 2019 University of Louisville

Modeling And Counteracting Exposure Bias In Recommender Systems., Sami Khenissi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recommender systems are becoming widely used in everyday life. They use machine learning algorithms which learn to predict our preferences and thus influence our choices among a staggering array of options online, such as movies, books, products, and even news articles. Thus what we discover and see online, and consequently our opinions and decisions, are becoming increasingly affected by automated predictions made by learning machines. Similarly, the predictive accuracy of these learning machines heavily depends on the feedback data, such as ratings and clicks, that we provide them. This mutual influence can lead to closed-loop interactions that may cause unknown ...


Receptive Fields Optimization In Deep Learning For Enhanced Interpretability, Diversity, And Resource Efficiency., Babajide Odunitan Ayinde 2019 University of Louisville

Receptive Fields Optimization In Deep Learning For Enhanced Interpretability, Diversity, And Resource Efficiency., Babajide Odunitan Ayinde

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In both supervised and unsupervised learning settings, deep neural networks (DNNs) are known to perform hierarchical and discriminative representation of data. They are capable of automatically extracting excellent hierarchy of features from raw data without the need for manual feature engineering. Over the past few years, the general trend has been that DNNs have grown deeper and larger, amounting to huge number of final parameters and highly nonlinear cascade of features, thus improving the flexibility and accuracy of resulting models. In order to account for the scale, diversity and the difficulty of data DNNs learn from, the architectural complexity and ...


Using Transfer Learning In Network Markets, Kai Cai 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Using Transfer Learning In Network Markets, Kai Cai

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Mechanism design is the sub-field of microeconomics and game theory, which considers agents have their own private information and are self-interested and tries to design systems that can produce desirable outcomes. In recent years, with the development of internet and electronic markets, mechanism design has become an important research field in computer science. This work has largely focused on single markets. In the real world, individual markets tend to connect to other markets and form a big “network market”, where each market occupies a node in the network and connections between markets reflect constraints on traders in the markets. So ...


Forecasting Model For Disease Propensity Using Ehr Data, soodabeh sarafrazi, Omar Sharif, Matthew Domingo, Jie Han, Michael Chang, Omid Khazaie, Anil Kemisetti 2019 The University of San Francisco

Forecasting Model For Disease Propensity Using Ehr Data, Soodabeh Sarafrazi, Omar Sharif, Matthew Domingo, Jie Han, Michael Chang, Omid Khazaie, Anil Kemisetti

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Many diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are actionable, i.e. they are preventable by early intervention. One to two years of early warning would represent a huge advance in dealing with these conditions and could help prevent further complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and amputation. In this project, we are developing an extensible condition forecasting model to assess the risk of diabetes and heart problems in patients in advance. Using TensorFlow, Elastic MapReduce (EMR), and AWS Sagemaker, we are training a Wide and Deep Neural Network on a dataset of more than 170 million ...


Deep Learning, Medical Physics And Cargo Cult Science., Miguel Romero PhD, Gilmer Valdes PhD, Timothy Solberg PhD, Yannet Interian PhD 2019 University of San Francisco

Deep Learning, Medical Physics And Cargo Cult Science., Miguel Romero Phd, Gilmer Valdes Phd, Timothy Solberg Phd, Yannet Interian Phd

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Deep learning algorithms have become widely popular, with considerable success in fields where datasets have hundreds of thousands or million points. As deep learning is increasingly applied to the fields of medical physics and radiation oncology, a reasonable question follows: are these techniques the best approach, given the unique conditions in our field? In this study, we investigate the dependence of dataset size on the performance of deep learning algorithms compared with more traditional radiomics-based methods.


Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Mohammad Kazem Sadoughi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Chao Hu, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim 2019 Iowa State University

Multi-Objective Bayesian Optimization Of Super Hydrophobic Coatings On Asphalt Concrete Surfaces, Ali Nahvi, Mohammad Kazem Sadoughi, Ali Arabzadeh, Alireza Sassani, Chao Hu, Halil Ceylan, Sunghwan Kim

Ali Nahvi

Conventional snow removal strategies add direct and indirect expenses to the economy through profit lost due to passenger delays costs, pavement durability issues, contaminating the water runoff, and so on. The use of superhydrophobic (super-water-repellent) coating methods is an alternative to conventional snow and ice removal practices for alleviating snow removal operations issues. As an integrated experimental and analytical study, this work focused on optimizing superhydrophobicity and skid resistance of hydrophobic coatings on asphalt concrete surfaces. A layer-by-layer (LBL) method was utilized for spray depositing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) on an asphalt concrete at different spray times and variable dosages of PTFE ...


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