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Fault Locating In Large Distribution Systems By Empirical Mode Decomposition And Core Vector Regression, Benyamin Khorramdel Mr., Hesamoddin Marzooghi Mr., Haidar Samet Dr., Meisam Pourahmadi-Nakhli Mr., Mahdi Raoofat Dr. 2014 SelectedWorks

Fault Locating In Large Distribution Systems By Empirical Mode Decomposition And Core Vector Regression, Benyamin Khorramdel Mr., Hesamoddin Marzooghi Mr., Haidar Samet Dr., Meisam Pourahmadi-Nakhli Mr., Mahdi Raoofat Dr.

Hesamoddin Marzooghi

This paper proposes an intelligent fault locating method using a new signal analysis technique called Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Core Vector Regression (CVR) for large distribution systems. The conventional fault locators are based on the measurement of post-fault line impedance suffering from the factors such as path fault impedance, system configuration and line loading, so that they have low accuracy. On the other hand, because of the vast range of resistances, the negative impact of damping factors affects the performance of travelling wave-based fault locators in large distribution systems. To overcome these problems, this paper uses a minimum measuring ...


Object Tracking By Pan Tilt System, Lily Hoang 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Object Tracking By Pan Tilt System, Lily Hoang

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Machine Learning Analysis Of Peripheral Physiology For Emotion Detection, Sarah M. Brown 2014 Northeastern University

Machine Learning Analysis Of Peripheral Physiology For Emotion Detection, Sarah M. Brown

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Peripheral physiological signals have shown promise as a measure of a person's emotional state. There are many applications where a more quantitative evaluation of an individual's mental state would be beneficial. For example, in PTSD or depression diagnosis, a quantitative measure to assist and compliment the qualitative assessments conducted by clinicians could reduce the time involved in treatment planning. A better understanding of the underlying mechanism is necessary for building systems that use these signals to assist in critical decision making.

Previous work in emotion research has relied upon averaging in time and then applying standard significance tests ...


Active Sensing For Dynamic, Non-Holonomic, Robust Visual Servoing, Avik De, Karl S. Bayer, Daniel E. Koditschek 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Active Sensing For Dynamic, Non-Holonomic, Robust Visual Servoing, Avik De, Karl S. Bayer, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We consider the problem of visually servoing a legged vehicle with unicycle-like nonholonomic constraints subject to second-order fore-aft dynamics in its horizontal plane. We target applications to rugged environments characterized by complex terrain likely to perturb significantly the robot’s nominal dynamics. At the same time, it is crucial that the camera avoid “obstacle” poses where absolute localization would be compromised by even partial loss of landmark visibility. Hence, we seek a controller whose robustness against disturbances and obstacle avoidance capabilities can be assured by a strict global Lyapunov function. Since the nonholonomic constraints preclude smooth point stabilizability we introduce ...


An Investigation Into The Role Of Energy And Symmetry At Epitaxial Interfaces, Gabriel A. Devenyi 2014 McMaster University

An Investigation Into The Role Of Energy And Symmetry At Epitaxial Interfaces, Gabriel A. Devenyi

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Epitaxy is a key technological process for the production of thin films and nanostructures for electronic and optoelectronic devices. The epitaxial process has been traditionally studied through the lens of lattice-matched and chemically similar material systems, specifically the III-V quaternary material systems. This work investigates the role energy and symmetry play at epitaxial interfaces for cases far different than those of typical epitaxy. In the realm of energy, the impact of chemically dissimilar epitaxial interfaces was investigated, specifically between semiconductors and oxides, noble metals and oxides, and polar-on-nonpolar epitaxy. For symmetry at epitaxial interfaces, the role of symmetry breaking, through ...


Energy Provisioning In Stand-Alone And Grid-Connected Solar Powered Networks, Mohammad Sheikh Zefreh 2014 McMaster University

Energy Provisioning In Stand-Alone And Grid-Connected Solar Powered Networks, Mohammad Sheikh Zefreh

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Solar energy is a clean and abundant renewable energy source which is currently used in many types of photovoltaic (PV) designs. In practical PV systems, solar panels are used to harvest solar energy and convert it into a usable form of electricity. Due to the intermittent nature of solar energy input however, battery storage, in combination with solar panels, must be used to provide an uninterrupted source of power.

The process of assigning solar panel and battery configurations for a PV system is referred to as energy resource provisioning. Unfortunately, energy provisioning costs are still relatively high, and this is ...


External-Rotor 6/10 Switched Reluctance Motor For An Electric Bicycle, Jianing Lin 2014 McMaster University

External-Rotor 6/10 Switched Reluctance Motor For An Electric Bicycle, Jianing Lin

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

As a cost-effective, healthy, and environmentally friendly personal mode of transportation, electric bicycles (E-bikes) are gaining an increasing market share from conventional bicycles and automobiles. Considering the legal rules in Ontario, Canada, a 500W motor makes the E-bike more attractive for travelling use. At the same time, the simple structure, high torque and power density, as well as the low cost of the switched reluctance machine (SRM) makes it a strong candidate for E-bikes.

In this thesis, a 3-phase, external-rotor SRM with 6 stator poles and 10 rotor poles is designed for E-bike. The design of an external rotor arrangement ...


Model-Iq: Uncertainty Propagation From Sensing To Modeling And Control In Buildings., Madhur Behl, Truong Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Model-Iq: Uncertainty Propagation From Sensing To Modeling And Control In Buildings., Madhur Behl, Truong Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

A fundamental problem in the design of closed-loop Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) is in accurately capturing the dynamics of the underlying physical system. To provide optimal control for such closed-loop systems, model-based controls require accurate physical plant models. It is hard to analytically establish (a) how data quality from sensors affects model accuracy, and consequently, (b) the effect of model accuracy on the operational cost of model-based controllers. We present the Model-IQ toolbox which, given a plant model and real input data, automatically evaluates the effect of this uncertainty propagation from sensor data to model accuracy to controller performance. We apply ...


Fault Identification For Transmission Lines Using Wavelet Transform, Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz 2014 SelectedWorks

Fault Identification For Transmission Lines Using Wavelet Transform, Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz

Almoataz Youssef Abdelaziz

This paper presents an algorithm to determine the fault type on transmission line based on wavelet transformation analysis. The algorithm is developed by analyzing the three phase currents (Ia, Ib and Ic) using Wavelet Transformation, and then start to study the faulted phase(s) at different location (each 5% of the transmission line (TL) length). Fault simulation is carried out by EMTDC/PSCAD program. Two seconds window of waveform covering pre-fault and post-fault is used. The discrete wavelet transforms (DWTs) are used for data pre-processing. Four types of mother wavelet are used for signal processing to identify the effective wavelet ...


Optimization And Control Of An Energy Management System For Microgrids, Xiang Yu 2014 McMaster University

Optimization And Control Of An Energy Management System For Microgrids, Xiang Yu

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

An increasing concern over environmental impacts of fossil fuels and sustainability of energy resources is leading to significant changes in the electric power systems. Decentralized power generation, in particular, is emerging as one of the most effective and promising tools in addressing these concerns.

Microgrids are small-scale electricity grids with elements of load, generation and storage. Microgrids have emerged as an essential building block of a future smart grid, and an enabling technology for distributed power generation and control. This thesis presents an optimization-based approach for the design and control of energy management systems (EMS) for electric microgrids. A linear ...


Surface Analysis Of Materials For Direct Wafer Bonding, Arif Ul Alam 2014 McMaster University

Surface Analysis Of Materials For Direct Wafer Bonding, Arif Ul Alam

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Surface preparation and its exposure to different processing conditions is a key step in heterogeneous integration of electronics, photonics, fluidics and/or mechanical components for More-than-Moore applications. Therefore, it is critical to understand how various processing and environmental conditions affect the surface properties of bonding substrates. In this thesis, the effects of oxygen reactive-ion etching (O2 RIE) plasma followed by storage in ambient and 98% relative humidity on some key surface properties such as roughness, water contact angle, hardness, and the elemental and compositional states of three materials – silicon (Si), silicon dioxide (SiO2) and glass – are investigated to ...


Study Of Passive Optical Network (Pon) System And Devices, Qingyi Guo 2014 McMaster University

Study Of Passive Optical Network (Pon) System And Devices, Qingyi Guo

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

The fiber-to-the-x (FTTX) has been widely investigated as a leading access technology to meet the ever growing demand for bandwidth in the last mile. The passive optical network (PON) provides a cost-effective and durable solution. In this thesis, we investigate different aspects of the PON, in the search for cost-effective and high-performance designs of link system and devices.

In Chapter 2, we propose a novel upstream link scheme for optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OOFDM)-PON. The colorless laser diodes are used at the optical network units (ONUs), and the overlapped channel spectrum of orthogonal subcarrier multiplexing provides high spectral ...


Symbolic Decentralized Supervisory Control, Urvashi Agarwal 2014 McMaster University

Symbolic Decentralized Supervisory Control, Urvashi Agarwal

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

A decentralized discrete-event system (DES) consists of supervisors that are physically distributed. Co-observability is one of the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a decentralized supervisors that correctly solve the control problem. In this thesis we present a state-based definition of co-observability and introduce algorithms for its verification. Existing algorithms for the verification of co-observability do not scale well, especially when the system is composed of many components. We show that the implementation of our state-based definition leads to more efficient algorithms.

We present a set of algorithms that use an existing structure for the verification of state-based ...


Crossmobile: A Cross-Layer Architecture For Next-Generation Wireless Systems, Bob Iannucci, Patrick Tague, Ole J. Mengshoel, Jason Lohn 2014 Carnegie Mellon University

Crossmobile: A Cross-Layer Architecture For Next-Generation Wireless Systems, Bob Iannucci, Patrick Tague, Ole J. Mengshoel, Jason Lohn

Silicon Valley Campus

Commercial cellular networks emerged from the wired public switched telephone networks (PSTN) in an evolutionary manner. Market pressures fueled upgrades in bandwidth and functionality. Four decades later, these networks maintain historical artifacts from PSTN networks, and the artifacts work against the fundamental needs of today’s wireless systems. Noncellular wireless networks are used beneficially within geographically limited domains (enterprise, at home), but such networks lack the architecture to scale geographically.

In this paper, we step back and re-evaluate existing wireless network architectures, identifying inherent limitations and offering a new set of architectural principles that, we contend, will lead to significantly ...


Cluster-Based Epidemic Control Through Smartphone-Based Body Area Networks, Zhaoyang Zhang, Honggang Wang, Chonggang Wang, Hua (Julia) Fang 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cluster-Based Epidemic Control Through Smartphone-Based Body Area Networks, Zhaoyang Zhang, Honggang Wang, Chonggang Wang, Hua (Julia) Fang

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Increasing population density, closer social contact, and interactions make epidemic control difficult. Traditional offline epidemic control methods (e.g., using medical survey or medical records) or model-based approach are not effective due to its inability to gather health data and social contact information simultaneously or impractical statistical assumption about the dynamics of social contact networks, respectively. In addition, it is challenging to find optimal sets of people to be isolated to contain the spread of epidemics for large populations due to high computational complexity. Unlike these approaches, in this paper, a novel cluster-based epidemic control scheme is proposed based on ...


Peak Power Reduction In Hybrid Energy Systems With Limited Load Forecasts, Yash Vardhan Pant, Truong X Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Peak Power Reduction In Hybrid Energy Systems With Limited Load Forecasts, Yash Vardhan Pant, Truong X Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Hybrid energy systems, which consist of a load powered by a source and a form of energy storage, find applications in many systems, e.g., the electric grid and electric vehicles. A key problem for hybrid energy systems is the reduction of peak power consumption to ensure cost-efficient operation as peak power draws require additional resources and adversely affect the system reliability and lifetime. Furthermore, in some cases such as electric vehicles, the load dynamics are fast, not perfectly known in advance and the on-board computation power is often limited, making the implementation of traditional optimal control difficult. We aim ...


Evolution Of The Software Defined Radio (Sdr) For The Open Orbiter Project, Michael Wegerson, Jeremy Straub, Sima Noghanian 2014 SelectedWorks

Evolution Of The Software Defined Radio (Sdr) For The Open Orbiter Project, Michael Wegerson, Jeremy Straub, Sima Noghanian

Jeremy Straub

Software Defined Radios (SDRs) are an exciting development in radio technology. The SDR uses software to perform many of the tasks that only hardware could previously complete on a traditional analog radio. Such tasks include encoding/decoding or applying filters to reduce noise on the signal. This powerful fusion of software and hardware have allowed SDR to be smaller in size and have a greater functionality than traditional radio setups; a perfect solution for our Open Orbiter satellite. Currently, the implementation we use consists of a simple $20 USB TV decoder for receiving, a Raspberry Pi micro-computer for transmission, and ...


Openorbiter Ground Station Software, Alexander Lewis, Jacob Huhn, Jeremy Straub, Travis Desell, Scott Kerlin 2014 SelectedWorks

Openorbiter Ground Station Software, Alexander Lewis, Jacob Huhn, Jeremy Straub, Travis Desell, Scott Kerlin

Jeremy Straub

The OpenOrbiter Small Spacecraft Development Initiative[1] at the University of North Dakota is working to design and build a low cost[2] and open-hardware / opensource software CubeSat[3]. The Ground Station is the user interface for operators of the satellite. The ground station software must manage spacecraft communications, track its orbital location , manage task assignment, provide security and retrieve the data from the spacecraft. This will be presented via a graphical user interface that allows a user to easily perform these tasks.


Impact: Inverse Model Accuracy And Control Performance Toolbox For Buildings, Madhur Behl, Truong X Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Impact: Inverse Model Accuracy And Control Performance Toolbox For Buildings, Madhur Behl, Truong X Nghiem, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Uncertainty affects all aspects of building performance: from the identification of models, through the implementation of model-based control, to the operation of the deployed systems. Learning models of buildings from sensor data has a fundamental property that the model can only be as accurate and reliable as the data on which it was trained. For small and medium size buildings, a low-cost method for model capture is necessary to take advantage of optimal model-based supervisory control schemes. We present IMpACT, a methodology and a toolbox for analysis of uncertainty propagation for building inverse modeling and controls. Given a plant model ...


Singing Arc, Justin Kis 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Singing Arc, Justin Kis

Electrical Engineering

This project aims to develop a singing arc. A singing arc is commonly, though mistakenly, referred to as a plasma speaker. Whereas a traditional speaker uses a pulse width modulated (PWM) signal to move an electromagnet, which in turn moves a cone, which generates sound waves, the singing arc sends a PWM signal through a standing spark, which vibrates, which generates sound waves.

Several plans for the singing arc are readily available online. This project will analyze the similarities between a selection of them, try to eliminate any faults in design, and improve the function of the circuit. The final ...


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