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Automatic Registration Of Fused Lidar/Digital Imagery (Texel Images) For Three-Dimensional Image Creation, Scott E. Budge, Neeraj S. Badamikar, Xuan Xie 2015 Utah State University

Automatic Registration Of Fused Lidar/Digital Imagery (Texel Images) For Three-Dimensional Image Creation, Scott E. Budge, Neeraj S. Badamikar, Xuan Xie

ECE Faculty Publications

Several photogrammetry-based methods have been proposed that the derive three-dimensional (3-D) information from digital images from different perspectives, and lidar-based methods have been proposed that merge lidar point clouds and texture the merged point clouds with digital imagery. Image registration alone has difficulty with smooth regions with low contrast, whereas point cloud merging alone has difficulty with outliers and a lack of proper convergence in the merging process. This paper presents a method to create 3-D images that uses the unique properties of texel images (pixel-fused lidar and digital imagery) to improve the quality and robustness of fused 3-D images ...


Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang 2015 Northeastern University

Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Real-time, automatic detection of smoking behavior could lead to novel measurement tools for smoking research and "just-in-time" interventions that may help people quit, reducing preventable deaths. This paper discusses the use of machine learning with wrist accelerometer data for automatic puffing and smoking detection. A two-layer smoking detection model is proposed that incorporates both low-level time domain features and high-level smoking topography such as inter-puff intervals and puff frequency to detect puffing then smoking. On a pilot dataset of 6 individuals observed for 11.8 total hours in real-life settings performing complex tasks while smoking, the model obtains a cross ...


Detecting Body Cavity Bombs With Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance, Michael Collins 2015 Northeastern University

Detecting Body Cavity Bombs With Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance, Michael Collins

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) is a technology with great potential for detecting hidden explosives. Past NQR research has studied the detection of land mines and bombs concealed within luggage and packages. This thesis focuses on an NQR application that has received less attention and little or no publicly available research: detecting body cavity bombs (BCBs). BCBs include explosives that have been ingested, inserted into orifices, or surgically implanted. BCBs present a threat to aviation and secure facilities. They are extremely difficult to detect with the technology currently employed at security checkpoints.

To evaluate whether or not NQR can be used ...


Application Of Electromagnetic Waves In Blood Disorders And Diseases Diagnosis, Hossein Ameri Mahabadi, Hadi Aliakbarian, Mahmoud Moghavvemi 2015 SelectedWorks

Application Of Electromagnetic Waves In Blood Disorders And Diseases Diagnosis, Hossein Ameri Mahabadi, Hadi Aliakbarian, Mahmoud Moghavvemi

Hossein Ameri Mahabadi

Electromagnetic Waves have various application in different areas of science and technology. Beside its main application in telecommunication, several other fields of applications such as agriculture [1], food [2], and health[3] have been proposed.

The latter, the non-ionizing application of electromagnetic waves, is the main focus of our chapter. This applications are of two types, either medical treatment or biomedical diagnosis of health problems. The latter such as non-contact detection of the vital signs), imaging (noninvasive breast cancer detection), medical sensors (such as those for identifying cancel cell aggressiveness grade), and measurement techniques for the electromagnetic exposure of biological ...


روش تحقیق 1 (Research Methodology), asadollah kazemi 2014 SelectedWorks

روش تحقیق 1 (Research Methodology), Asadollah Kazemi

Dr. ASADOLLAH KAZEMI

No abstract provided.


Section 3-Renewable Energy Cource, asadollah kazemi 2014 SelectedWorks

Section 3-Renewable Energy Cource, Asadollah Kazemi

Dr. ASADOLLAH KAZEMI

No abstract provided.


Generalized Framework For Similarity Measure Of Time Series, Hongsheng Yin, Honggang Qi, Jingwen Xu, William N. N. Hung, Xiaoyu Song 2014 Portland State University

Generalized Framework For Similarity Measure Of Time Series, Hongsheng Yin, Honggang Qi, Jingwen Xu, William N. N. Hung, Xiaoyu Song

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Currently, there is no definitive and uniform description for the similarity of time series, which results in difficulties for relevant research on this topic. In this paper, we propose a generalized framework to measure the similarity of time series. In this generalized framework, whether the time series is univariable or multivariable, and linear transformed or nonlinear transformed, the similarity of time series is uniformly defined using norms of vectors or matrices.The definitions of the similarity of time series in the original space and the transformed space are proved to be equivalent. Furthermore, we also extend the theory on similarity ...


Requirement-Guided Model Refinement, Zhihao Jiang, Pieter Mosterman, Rahul Mangharam 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Requirement-Guided Model Refinement, Zhihao Jiang, Pieter Mosterman, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Medical device is a typical Cyber-Physical System and ensuring the safety and efficacy of the device requires closed-loop verification. Currently closed-loop verifications of medical devices are performed in the form of clinical trials in which the devices are tested on the patients.


A Novel Transport Based Model For Wire Media And Its Application To Scattering Problems, Ebrahim Forati 2014 University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

A Novel Transport Based Model For Wire Media And Its Application To Scattering Problems, Ebrahim Forati

Theses and Dissertations

Artificially engineered materials, known as metamaterials, have attracted the interest of researchers because of the potential for novel applications. Effective modeling of metamaterials is a crucial step for analyzing and synthesizing devices. In this thesis, we focus on wire medium (both isotropic and uniaxial) and validate a novel transport based model for them.

Scattering problems involving wire media are computationally intensive due to the spatially dispersive nature of homogenized wire media. However, it will be shown that using the new model to solve scattering problems can simplify the calculations a great deal.

For scattering problems, an integro-differential equation based on ...


A Study On Resource Efficient Digital Multimedia Security Measures In Mobile Devices, Prabhat Dahal 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Study On Resource Efficient Digital Multimedia Security Measures In Mobile Devices, Prabhat Dahal

Dissertations & Student Research in Computer Electronics & Engineering

Advanced image and video processing abilities in smart phones and digital cameras make them popular means to capture multimedia. In addition, the integration of internet into such devices users seek to capture and easily share multimedia right from their smartphone while most steganography techniques are computer based. Hence, it is of utmost importance that the multimedia be processed for steganography right within the devices for multimedia authentication.

In this thesis, we first implement steganography into mobile smart devices that can capture multimedia. For devices such as smart phones, we propose a method to hide payload bits within video frames. The ...


Lna Integrates Fast Shutdown Function, Chin-Leong Lim 2014 SelectedWorks

Lna Integrates Fast Shutdown Function, Chin-Leong Lim

Chin-Leong Lim

To minimize dead time in time domain duplex (TDD) transceiver, reception should ideally commence as soon as transmission ends. However, the low noise amplifier (LNA), which is typically shutdown during transmission to prevent device damage and receiver overload, can exhibit a turn-on delay. In older implementations, the shutdown function is external to the LNA device. So, one way to reduce part count and to miniaturize this class of LNA is to integrate the LNA and shutdown function in a microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC). The integration also allows the shutdown circuit to be connected to the LNA at an optimum ...


Wirelessly Controlled Smart Outlet, Andrew Godsil, Ariel Dubinsky 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Wirelessly Controlled Smart Outlet, Andrew Godsil, Ariel Dubinsky

Electrical Engineering

Popularity of home automation devices has increased greatly in recent years due to higher affordability and simplicity through smartphone and tablet connectivity. For the purpose of this experiment, we have developed the Smart Outlet: a stand-alone communication unit, used to connect home outlets to the internet. The Smart Outlet controls lighting and simple appliances throughout the home, remotely, using wireless commands from the web. A Google Calendar interface directly controls the outlets’ function by scheduling them with dedicated calendar events. The calendar’s interface can even be accessed from multiple different platforms (i.e. phones, computers, tablets) for the convenience ...


Buck Converter, Bowen Liu 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Buck Converter, Bowen Liu

Electrical Engineering

The recent sustainable energy growth triggered a huge power electronics demand, specifically related to power conversion. My senior project is a design of a buck converter which steps down the voltage from photovoltaic cells ranging from 5 to 40V to a rechargeable battery with 5V. This converter has a high enough power efficiency to effectively convert the energy harnessed from PV panels.


Transimpedance Amplifier For Polymer Photodiodes, Sheridan Knighton 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Transimpedance Amplifier For Polymer Photodiodes, Sheridan Knighton

Electrical Engineering

Dr. Braun’s students in the Polymer Electronics Lab currently have a way to measure the light intensity from their light emitting devices however it consumes an unnecessary amount of space and power. I offer to improve upon the existing transimpedance circuit that Dr. Braun currently uses, reducing the total space occupied by the circuit and the power consumption of the current setup. The transimpedance circuit measures the incidence light intensity from the polymer-based photo detector and outputs an accurate, discrete, and measurable voltage. The current setup however utilizes two 20V wall warts for the positive and negative rails of ...


Compact Antennas And Arrays For Unmanned Air Systems, James Arthur Eck 2014 Brigham Young University

Compact Antennas And Arrays For Unmanned Air Systems, James Arthur Eck

All Theses and Dissertations

A simple and novel dual-CP printed antenna is modelled and measured. The patch antennais small and achieves a low axial ratio without quadrature feeding. The measured pattern showsaxial ratio pattern squinting over frequency. Possible methods of improving the individual elementare discussed, as well as an array technique for improving the axial ratio bandwidth.Three endfire printed antenna structures are designed, analyzed, and compared. The comparisonincludes an analysis of costs of production for the antenna structures in addition to theirperformance parameters. This analysis concludes that cost of materials primarily reduces the size of antennas for a given gain and bandwidth.An ...


A Collaborative Access Control Model For Shared Items In Online Social Networks, Hanaa Al Shareef 2014 Western University

A Collaborative Access Control Model For Shared Items In Online Social Networks, Hanaa Al Shareef

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The recent emergence of online social networks (OSNs) has changed the communication behaviors of thousand of millions of users. OSNs have become significant platforms for connecting users, sharing information, and a valuable source of private and sensitive data about individuals. While OSNs insert constantly new social features to increase the interaction between users, they, unfortunately, offer primitive access control mechanisms that place the burden of privacy policy configuration solely on the holder who has shared data in her/his profile regardless of other associated users, who may have different privacy preferences. Therefore, current OSN privacy mechanisms violate the privacy of ...


Low-Power Analog Processing, Daniel J. White 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Low-Power Analog Processing, Daniel J. White

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the analog harmonic transform (AHT) and a first implementation in an integrated circuit. The transform is designed for a regular and simple hardware structure. It provides coefficients relating to an input signal's spectrum. These coefficients also have a simple relationship to the signal's Fouri\'er series coefficients.

The AHT is defined in its ideal form and evaluated for two example signal classification applications. Both military vehicle and bearing fault classification tasks are presented which validate the ability of a neural network to use the AHT coefficients to correctly classify the input signals. Because any real ...


A Low-Power Compact Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Nqr) Based Explosive Detection System, Xinwang Zhang 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Low-Power Compact Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (Nqr) Based Explosive Detection System, Xinwang Zhang

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Abandoned landmines and terrorist bomb attacks are severe issues threatening our society. These issues necessitate the development of prompt and accurate explosive detection systems. The detection mechanisms commonly-used nowadays usually search for explosive containers, which suffer numerous false alarms caused by external detection circumstance changes. Alternatively, explosive substances inside the bombs and landmines can be detected by means of biology, chemistry and physics techniques. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) detection technology has proven to be a highly effective solution for detecting explosives unambiguously.

In this work, a portable NQR-based explosive detection system that employs state-of-the-art semiconductor technologies is presented. This system ...


Desert Rhex Technical Report: Jornada And White Sands Trip, Sonia Roberts, Jeff Duperret, Aaron M. Johnson, Scott van Pelt, Ted Zobeck, Nick Lancaster, Daniel E. Koditschek 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Desert Rhex Technical Report: Jornada And White Sands Trip, Sonia Roberts, Jeff Duperret, Aaron M. Johnson, Scott Van Pelt, Ted Zobeck, Nick Lancaster, Daniel E. Koditschek

Technical Reports (ESE)

Researchers in a variety of fields, including aeolian science, biology, and environmental science, have already made use of stationary and mobile remote sensing equipment to increase their variety of data collection opportunities. However, due to mobility challenges, remote sensing opportunities relevant to desert environments and in particular dune fields have been limited to stationary equipment. We describe here an investigative trip to two well-studied experimental deserts in New Mexico with D-RHex, a mobile remote sensing platform oriented towards desert research. D-RHex is the latest iteration of the RHex family of robots, which are six-legged, biologically inspired, small (10kg) platforms with ...


Simulation Of A Rising Sun Magnetron Employing A Faceted Cathode With A Continuous Current Source, Sulmer Fernandez-Gutierrez, Jim Browning, Ming-Chieh Lin, David N. Smithe, Jack Watrous 2014 Boise State University

Simulation Of A Rising Sun Magnetron Employing A Faceted Cathode With A Continuous Current Source, Sulmer Fernandez-Gutierrez, Jim Browning, Ming-Chieh Lin, David N. Smithe, Jack Watrous

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

It has been proposed that gated field emitters could be used in place of conventional thermionic cathodes to control the current injection in a magnetron, both temporally and spatially. Since gated field emitters have to be fabricated on flat surfaces, a faceted cathode would be used to implement this approach. A 2D ten cavity, rising sun magnetron has been modeled using the particle-in-cell code VORPAL. Cylindrical, five-sided, and ten-sided faceted cathodes were modeled to study the variation of magnetron operation due to the cathode shape. This work shows the results of the device performance employing three different cathode geometries with ...


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