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Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

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Spinal Cord Ischemia Following Endovascular Repair Of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Rare Complication, Abdelrahman Attili MD, Alberto Gonzalez 2020 HCA healthcare

Spinal Cord Ischemia Following Endovascular Repair Of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Rare Complication, Abdelrahman Attili Md, Alberto Gonzalez

General Surgery

Introduction:

Paralysis secondary to spinal cord ischemia following Endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm is extremely rare complication, the reported incidence in the literature is 0.21%.

Case report:

Our patient is an 85-year old female patient who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain radiating to the back. Abdominal examination showed mild epigastric tenderness. Laboratory work up was within the normal limits, and she had Computed Tomography Angiography of the abdomen and pelvis which showed impending rupture of 5.8 cm abdominal aortic aneurysm. The anatomic configuration of the AAA fulfilled the requirements for EVAR.

The patient ...


Bradycardia In The Setting Of Gastric Sarcoidosis, Kameron Black MPH, Michelle Levine DO, Rage Geringer MD, Gregory Hicks MD, Oliwier Dziadkowiec 2020 HCA Healthcare

Bradycardia In The Setting Of Gastric Sarcoidosis, Kameron Black Mph, Michelle Levine Do, Rage Geringer Md, Gregory Hicks Md, Oliwier Dziadkowiec

Internal Medicine

No abstract provided.


How Deep Is Too Deep?, Dietrich Schlueter MD, Asma Jamil MD, Ibrahim Talab, Samia Faiz, Scott Kubomoto MD 2020 HCA Healthcare

How Deep Is Too Deep?, Dietrich Schlueter Md, Asma Jamil Md, Ibrahim Talab, Samia Faiz, Scott Kubomoto Md

Internal Medicine

No abstract provided.


Flexor Tenotomy For The Treatment Of Hallux Ulcers, Nathalia Esmeral, Val E. Haddon, Chase G. Dahl, Erin Lewis, David Khakshoor 2020 HCA Healthcare

Flexor Tenotomy For The Treatment Of Hallux Ulcers, Nathalia Esmeral, Val E. Haddon, Chase G. Dahl, Erin Lewis, David Khakshoor

Podiatry

Aims: To assess and evaluate the relationship between flexor tenotomies in a clinical setting and the time course for healing neuropathic, diabetic and structural deformity hallux ulcers.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzes the medical files of 1,471 patients treated for digital foot ulcers by flexor tenotomies between September 2011 and January 2019. For the intent of this particular research, focus was preserved towards the effect of flexor tenotomy on healing time to address hallux ulcers. A total of 97 patients between the ages of 41 and 86 years old underwent flexor tenotomy for the treatment of hallux ulcers with ...


The Importance Of Early Detection For Alzheimer's Disease, Mariah McKenzie 2020 Eastern Kentucky University

The Importance Of Early Detection For Alzheimer's Disease, Mariah Mckenzie

Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

More Americans are suffering from late diagnoses of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the U.S. each year. Therefore, there is a need for more access toward early detection of this disease to sustain optimal quality of life and treatments for individuals. AD is one of the leading causes of deaths and with the lack of funds for research, individuals diagnosed with AD is expected to continue to increase. Medicare, Medicaid, and National Institute of Health services are providing funds for the current issues; however, it is not enough. There are many forms of poor access to services for individuals ...


The Efficacy Of Yoga As An Adjunctive Therapy To Standard Multidisciplinary Care In The Treatment Of Female Patients Presenting With Cognitive Eating Disorder Symptoms, Cassidy Nagle 2020 Arcadia University

The Efficacy Of Yoga As An Adjunctive Therapy To Standard Multidisciplinary Care In The Treatment Of Female Patients Presenting With Cognitive Eating Disorder Symptoms, Cassidy Nagle

Capstone Showcase

Introduction: Current treatment of patients exhibiting cognitive eating disorder symptoms is standard multidisciplinary care (SMDC) involving behavioral therapy, medical management and dietetics. Because these symptoms often persist or relapse despite treatment, research has begun to explore adjunctive therapies like yoga for this population. This review will explore seven studies in order to analyze the effect of yoga (I) on cognitive eating disorder symptoms (O) in teenage and adult females (P) when added to SMDC compared to symptom reduction with SMDC alone (C).

Methods: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Academic Search Ultimate and Google Scholar starting November 2018. Seven ...


The Impact Of Aging And Mechanical Injury On Alveolar Epithelial And Macrophage Responses In Acute Lung Injury And Inflammation, Michael S. Valentine 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Impact Of Aging And Mechanical Injury On Alveolar Epithelial And Macrophage Responses In Acute Lung Injury And Inflammation, Michael S. Valentine

Theses and Dissertations

Patients with severe lung pathologies, such as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), often require mechanical ventilation as a clinical intervention; however, this procedure frequently exacerbates the original pulmonary issue and produces an exaggerated inflammatory response that potentially leads to sepsis, multisystem organ failure, and mortality. This acute lung injury (ALI) condition has been termed Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury (VILI). Alveolar overdistension, cyclic atelectasis, and biotrauma are the primary injury mechanisms in VILI that lead to the loss of alveolar barrier integrity and pulmonary inflammation. Stress and strains during mechanical ventilation are believed to initiate alveolar epithelial mechanotransduction signaling mechanisms that contribute ...


Assessing Morphology Of Iprgcs After Traumatic Brain Injury, Brian Foresi, Matt Smith 2020 The University of Akron

Assessing Morphology Of Iprgcs After Traumatic Brain Injury, Brian Foresi, Matt Smith

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

ipRGCs are retinal ganglion cells that project to visual processing centers of the brain for nonimage forming visual functions. The relation of ipRGCs to tramatic brain injury (TBI) is emerging as data has been published describing ipRGC functional changes in TBI affected military veterans. Major symptomologies of concussions, a mild form of TBI, also overlap with the function governed by sites in the brain with major ipRGC projection percentages. Assesing if a morphological change is occuring in the ipRGCs after a TBI could support the idea of a pathological mechanism of the injury. This study could also indicate further relevance ...


Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer 2020 Arcadia University

Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer

Capstone Showcase

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are an upsetting setback for many athletes that require a long and costly recovery process. The injury rates are four times greater in women than men. Preventative measures that help to prevent ACL injuries are limited to stretching and strengthening. Therefore, this review aims to investigate if oral contraceptive [I] usage provides a possible new avenue for prevention of ACL injury [O] in young female athletes (ages 18-30) [P] compared to those that do not take oral contraceptives [C].

Methods: A literature review was performed though PubMed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS Database, and ClinicalKey ...


Use Of Pefloxacin As A Surrogate Marker To Detect Ciprofloxacin Susceptibility In Salmonella Enterica Serotypes Typhi And Paratyphi A, Safia Moin, Mohammad Zeeshan, Sidra Laiq, Ahmed Raheem, Afia Zafar 2020 Aga Khan University

Use Of Pefloxacin As A Surrogate Marker To Detect Ciprofloxacin Susceptibility In Salmonella Enterica Serotypes Typhi And Paratyphi A, Safia Moin, Mohammad Zeeshan, Sidra Laiq, Ahmed Raheem, Afia Zafar

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: To determine the use of pefloxacin as a surrogate marker to detect fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin) susceptibility against Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A.
Methods: The prospective, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from September 2016 to March 2018, and comprised Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi A isolates of blood cultures. Disk susceptibility tests and broth microdilution to test minimum inhibitory concentration were performed as per standard guidelines. Data was analysed using SPSS 21.
Results: Of the 138 isolates, 91(66%) were intermediate resistant to ciprofloxacin but were resistant to pefloxacin, 42(30%) were resistant ...


Evidence-Based Foot Care For Persons With Type 2 Diabetes, Nicole Gutierrez 2019 University of the Incarnate Word

Evidence-Based Foot Care For Persons With Type 2 Diabetes, Nicole Gutierrez

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Unmanaged Type 2 diabetes leads to macrovascular changes that affect the lower extremities, thereby damaging the sensory nerve fibers and leading to diabetic peripheral neuropathy. These patients may not be able to feel pain, heat, or cold in their lower extremities and often describe feelings of numbness and tingling. This sensory deficit may lead to the development of diabetic foot ulcers which often result in amputation. These preventable foot complications may be identified promptly with adequate diabetic foot exams. Comprehensive diabetic foot examinations reduce the occurrences of foot complications associated with uncontrolled glucose management and improves health outcomes for patients ...


Salivary Gland Choristoma: A Rare Finding At Gastroesophageal Junction, Isin Y. Comba MD, Richard Henriquez MD, Sundeep Kumar MD, Hilda Merino-Chavez MD, Maria Wallis-Crespo MD, Christopher Cooper MD, Lakhinder Bhatia MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Salivary Gland Choristoma: A Rare Finding At Gastroesophageal Junction, Isin Y. Comba Md, Richard Henriquez Md, Sundeep Kumar Md, Hilda Merino-Chavez Md, Maria Wallis-Crespo Md, Christopher Cooper Md, Lakhinder Bhatia Md

Gastroenterology

Introduction: Choristoma is tumor-like outgrowth of heterotopic and mature tissue located at anatomically unusual sites. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue (HSGT) has been most commonly described in head and neck region but can rarely involve gastrointestinal (GI) tract with a few cases reported in the literature.

Case Description/Methods: An 87-year-old female with past medical history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hypertension, and chronic kidney disease was admitted for an acute DVT. Due to worsening anemia, she underwent an upper endoscopy that showed a small nodularity at the GE junction (figure 1a), a large hiatal hernia, and reflux esophagitis in the ...


A Hiatal Hernia Causing Atrial Fibrillation Through Direct Mechanical Irritation, Kirolus Sourial, Zaid Yaqoob, Anthony Chahin, Saif Borgan, Ernesto S. Robalino Gonzaga, Aamir Javaid, Olga Karasik 2019 HCA Healthcare

A Hiatal Hernia Causing Atrial Fibrillation Through Direct Mechanical Irritation, Kirolus Sourial, Zaid Yaqoob, Anthony Chahin, Saif Borgan, Ernesto S. Robalino Gonzaga, Aamir Javaid, Olga Karasik

Gastroenterology

Introduction: Hiatal hernia (HH) is anatomically classified into four types according to herniated structures. Giant HH refers to a herniation of > 50% of the stomach. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia, frequently seen in association with cardiovascular diseases. We report a case of AF caused by a giant HH compressing the left atrium.

Case Description/Methods: A 90+ year-old female with a past medical history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), was admitted for surgical evaluation of symptomatic HH. During hospital stay the patient developed AF with rapid ventricular response, became hypotensive and lightheaded. EKG (Figure 1) confirmed new onset ...


Listen To Your Heart, Or At Least Theirs: Maintaining A High Index Of Suspicion For Infective Endocarditis, Mollie Powell DO, Mahesh Setty MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Listen To Your Heart, Or At Least Theirs: Maintaining A High Index Of Suspicion For Infective Endocarditis, Mollie Powell Do, Mahesh Setty Md

Emergency Medicine

After an endothelial injury, a fibrin and platelet cap forms. This cap is typically sterile but in times of infection can become colonized by microbes leading to a vegetation. When this occurs on the endothelium of the heart, it is termed infective endocarditis (IE). IE is a difficult diagnosis to make in the ED. The symptoms are vague. Classic exam findings are often absent, murmur auscultation can be challenging and there is not a single diagnostic test. A delayed or missed diagnosis can be fatal; therefore, it is essential that ED physicians maintain a high index of suspicion in high ...


Sarcoidosis Presenting With Massive Splenomegaly And Severe Epistaxis, Austen Stoelting MD, Shawn B. Esperti DO, Andrew Mangano DO, Nino Balanchivadze MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Sarcoidosis Presenting With Massive Splenomegaly And Severe Epistaxis, Austen Stoelting Md, Shawn B. Esperti Do, Andrew Mangano Do, Nino Balanchivadze Md

Internal Medicine

No abstract provided.


Spinal Cord Stimulator For Treating Pudendal Neuralgia, Bruce Dixon DO, Stephen Pyles MD, Ettore Crimi MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Spinal Cord Stimulator For Treating Pudendal Neuralgia, Bruce Dixon Do, Stephen Pyles Md, Ettore Crimi Md

Anesthesiology

No abstract provided.


Peripheral Nerve Stimulator For Treating Nummular Headaches And Occipital Neuralgia, Bruce Dixon DO, Stephen Pyles MD, Ettore Crimi MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Peripheral Nerve Stimulator For Treating Nummular Headaches And Occipital Neuralgia, Bruce Dixon Do, Stephen Pyles Md, Ettore Crimi Md

Anesthesiology

No abstract provided.


Implications Of Frailty In Copd Exacerbations, Aimee Almanzar, Armando Cabrera, Felix Hernandez, Hector Y. Vazquez, Asma Jafri, Miriam Zylberglait Lisigurski, Livasky Concepcion, Gustavo Ferrer 2019 HCA Healthcare

Implications Of Frailty In Copd Exacerbations, Aimee Almanzar, Armando Cabrera, Felix Hernandez, Hector Y. Vazquez, Asma Jafri, Miriam Zylberglait Lisigurski, Livasky Concepcion, Gustavo Ferrer

Pulmonary Disease

Introduction The extrapulmonary manifestations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are similar to symptoms of frailty, a geriatric syndrome. This study was designed to identify the relation between frailty and patient outcomes during a COPD exacerbation. Methods This retrospective study identified 10,235 patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation, as well as 16 laboratory tests included in a frailty index that have been linked to frailty. Patients were divided into less frail (0-8 positive laboratory values) and more frail (9-16 positive laboratory values) groups. The primary composite endpoints were mechanical ventilation, ICU length of stay, readmission, and discharge status. Results ...


Bridging The Gap On Schistosomiasis: A Cross-Sectional Study Examining The Knowledge Gap And Common Attitudes And Practices Regarding S. Mansoni Infections Among Varying Education Levels In Luanda K’Otieno, Western Kenya, Kathy Zhang 2019 SIT Study Abroad

Bridging The Gap On Schistosomiasis: A Cross-Sectional Study Examining The Knowledge Gap And Common Attitudes And Practices Regarding S. Mansoni Infections Among Varying Education Levels In Luanda K’Otieno, Western Kenya, Kathy Zhang

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Background: Schistosomiasis is considered one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the most effective strategy for schistosomiasis control is through preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ). In order to successfully control morbidity rates, the WHO recommends mass treatment targeting high risk groups, such as school-age children and adults considered to be at risk.

Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the effects of the National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) on knowledge of schistosomiasis and subsequent prevalence rates and intensity. A total of 43 residents in Luanda K’Otieno were interviewed, and 34 ...


Determining The Relative Transmission Fitness Of Hiv-1 Subtypes A, B, C, And D, Spencer Yeung 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Determining The Relative Transmission Fitness Of Hiv-1 Subtypes A, B, C, And D, Spencer Yeung

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is in vivo evidence that suggests the genetic diversity of HIV-1 subtypes influence heterosexual transmission efficiency. To recapitulate sexual transmission in vitro, blocks of genital tissue were exposed to mixtures of genetically different subtype viruses. Migrating immune cells were collected and co-cultured with a CD4+ T-cell line permissive to HIV infection (PM1) to measure dendritic cell virus transfer; HIV-exposed tissues were cultured separately. Next generation sequencing (NGS) of HIV-1 DNA was used to quantify relative infection rates of the various challenge viruses, and to assess fitness differences in infection of the tissue vs. migratory/T cell co-cultures. Our results ...


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