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Full-Text Articles in Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks Jul 2022

Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing or blocking of the arteries due to plaque buildup, which prevents oxygen, blood, and other nutrients from getting to the legs. When this buildup reaches a certain point, it becomes atherosclerosis, which is more prevalent in a smoker. Smoking intensifies the problem of plaque buildup if an individual already suffers from PAD. When an individual smokes, the nicotine causes the arteries to constrict and narrow, reducing blood flow further. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple, cost-effective diagnostic test to identify the presence of PAD which will improve patient outcomes.

Purpose: This ...


A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming Jun 2022

A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The introduction of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 infection was a welcome and significant event in the COVID-19 pandemic. While vaccine administration was for the most part successful, it did come with the emergence of a novel condition, Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT). This condition presents after the administration of adenoviral vector-based vaccines against COVID-19, causing thrombocytopenia and thrombosis in affected individuals. There have been 10 suspected cases of VITT in Ireland. While its mechanism is not fully understood, the condition is characterised by the presence of Platelet Factor 4 (PF4) antibodies. There are several laboratory indicators which may suggest that a patient ...


Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd Jun 2022

Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A large proportion of preterm deliveries is affected by intra-amniotic inflammation, which can occur in the presence (intra-amniotic infection) or absence (sterile intra-amniotic inflammation) of microbes. Studies have shown an association between intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and changes in the cervicovaginal microbiome. However, their causal relationships are unknown. This study aims to determine the causality of intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and cervicovaginal microbiome alterations.

Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 dams received an ultrasound-guided intra-amniotic injection of an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the alarmin interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on ...


The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia May 2022

The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, taking more than 90,000 lives annually. Type 2 diabetes mellitus-induced cardiac fibrosis is a common condition seen in diabetic patients. The AGE/RAGE signaling cascade has been strongly associated with this supposed cardiac fibrosis along with hyperactive myofibroblasts which excessively remodel extracellular matrix tissue, leading to damaged and enlarged heart muscle tissue. In diabetic patients, Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are produced in abundance and accumulate in the extracellular matrix of heart tissue. To investigate the role of of the AGE ligand on fibroblast behavior, increasing ...


Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna May 2022

Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report a case of a 66-year-old female who presented to the ED with generalized headache and mild confusion, who was diagnosed with high-grade glial neoplasm. The differential diagnosis of headache is vast, but without red flags or symptoms is generally from a benign cause and easily treatable. However, even in the context of a normal neurologic physical exam, symptoms such as confusion, forgetfulness, and behavioral changes should merit imaging in the workup. Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor, accounting for 47.7% of all cases, with an incidence of 3.21 per 100,000 population. Median age of ...


A Brief Literature Review On Heparin: To Bolus Or Not To Bolus, That Is The Question, Alex Gechlik, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Kishan Patel May 2022

A Brief Literature Review On Heparin: To Bolus Or Not To Bolus, That Is The Question, Alex Gechlik, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Kishan Patel

Stratford Campus Research Day

Heparin is an anticoagulant medication, used to inhibit the formation of thrombi that pose arteriolar and vein-occlusive risk. The choice between starting a heparin infusion with or without an initial bolus is case dependent based on whether a patient is already anticoagulated and if so, foregoing an initial bolus. In contrast, both anticoagulated and non-anticoagulated patients share the same goal when receiving Heparin for various thromboembolic syndromes, and that is to be within aPTT target range of 1.5-2.5 or 45 to 75 seconds. Falling below goal range leads to a 20-25% recurrence of VTE, and aPTT above goal ...


A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris May 2022

A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare demyelinating disease characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. The rapidly progressive inflammation in the central nervous system is known to occur in response to a prior infection or immunization.

The clinical signs of ADEM may manifest up to 60 days post illness or vaccination. Some develop encephalopathy and neurologic symptoms which include confusion, psychosis, and tetraparesis. Paresthesia of the limbs and muscular atrophy indicate a worse prognosis and higher risk of relapse as opposed to those with only CNS involvement. A predominantly psychiatric presentation is also possible.

Risk factors include ...


Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine Leroy May 2022

Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine Leroy

Stratford Campus Research Day

Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis axSpA ) or typical ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS) is a classification of axial spondyloarthritis with the classic radiographic features of sacroiliitis. Axial spondyloarthritis is a disabling spondyloarthropathy of the spine that presents with chronic back pain usually before the age of 45. It may be associated with extraspinal features including dactylitis , synovitis, and enthesitis in addition to other nonarticular signs. Chronic back pain is one of the most common presenting symptoms for AS , but frequently there is a 5-7 year delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis of the disease . A standard AP plain radiograph demonstrating changes to ...


Case Report: How A Vallecular Cyst Could Have Become An Airway Emergency, Adam Kandil, Robin Lahr, Andrew Caravello May 2022

Case Report: How A Vallecular Cyst Could Have Become An Airway Emergency, Adam Kandil, Robin Lahr, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Vallecular cysts, also known as epiglottic mucous retention cysts are known to be generally self-limiting laryngeal lesion. They can however also be associated with airway obstruction, and dysphagia in infants. In adults, they are usually asymptomatic, and usually incidentally diagnosed. At times they are diagnosed during rapid sequence intubation, as they may contribute to endotracheal intubation difficulty. Moreover, there is question as to the correlation between vallecular cysts and the incidence of acute epiglottitis, as a vallecular cyst may become infected and cause a localized expansion of inflammation and infection. This expansion from the vallecula progresses to epiglottis.


Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho May 2022

Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 25 year old male who presented to the ED with epigastric abdominal pain after ingesting a freshly squeezed beverage form of Flying Dragon Hardy Orange plant (Poncirus trifoliata). Poison control was contacted and recommended symptomatic treatment only. The patient’s pain resolved while in the emergency department. Seed and rind preparations have been used as an herbal remedy in East Asia. Freshly squeezed Poncirus trifoliata can cause significant abdominal pain.


Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 38-year-old male physician who was vaccinated with the Pfizer vaccine. He experienced arm pain and swelling on the vaccinated arm as well as systemic symptoms, including fever, chills, headache and weakness. The systemic symptoms improved after the use of oral prednisone. A review of the literature on the COVID vaccine is presented.


A Case Of Intracranial Empyema After Bacterial Sinusitis, Eric Doane, Bhumi Shah, Robert Belfer May 2022

A Case Of Intracranial Empyema After Bacterial Sinusitis, Eric Doane, Bhumi Shah, Robert Belfer

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute sinusitis in the pediatric population is a common presentation in the emergency department. Most cases are viral and can be managed conservatively and will resolve spontaneously in 7-10 days. Even in cases of bacterial sinusitis, patients can typically be discharged with oral antibiotics and close follow up with the pediatrician.

There is however a small subset of patients who will develop a rare lethal complication, an intracranial empyema. While the incidence in the developed world has decreased as antibiotics become more available, it is still estimated to occur in up to 5% of severe cases requiring hospitalization (1) . In ...


A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner May 2022

A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner

Stratford Campus Research Day

COVID-19 is a viral infection that is caused by an RNA virus in a subfamily of Coronaviridae named severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS CoV 2). The family also includes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) which have previously been shown to cause respiratory symptoms and psychosis with immunoreactivity to IgG.


A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman May 2022

A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman

Stratford Campus Research Day

With the new development of the SARS-CoV vaccine and the majority of the population receiving this vaccine, it is important to recognize some of the rare side effects associated with it.

VITT is a rare complication of the COVID vaccine

Diagnostic criteria: COVID vaccine 4-24 days prior to symptom onset, any venous or arterial thrombosis, thrombocytopenia <150, positive PF4 HIT ELISA, markedly elevated D-dimer >4x ULN.

Vaccine Induced Thrombosis with Thrombocytopenia is a potentially life-threatening diagnosis that must be recognized and treated correctly to prevent poor outcomes.


Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley May 2022

Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Purpose: Establish if early adequate pain control is protective in the development of chronic pain syndromes.

Data collected via survey to patients being treated for chronic pain at the Neuromuscular Institute at RowanSOM

Data (small n) suggests patients with chronic pain have poorly controlled pain levels at the time of the acute event.

Anticipate with increased sample size will see a correlation between chronic pain prevalence and severity and perceived early adequate analgesia following the acute event.


Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma May 2022

Bilateral Teratomas In Pediatric Patient With Unilateral Ovarian Torsion, David Ho, Maya Borowczak, Archana Verma

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency found in both pediatric and adult populations. It involves the full or partial rotation of the vessels that supply the ovary, resulting in ischemia. In this report, we present the case of a pediatric patient arriving to the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) for evaluation of right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain, who was found to have an ovarian torsion. In this particular case, the patient’s ovarian torsion was due to a teratoma, and imaging would later identify an additional smaller teratoma on the contralateral side. This case shows the importance of considering ovarian ...


A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello May 2022

A Rare Case Of Acute Appendicitis In A 21-Year-Old Male With Midsternal Chest Pain, Muhammad Noman, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the vestigial vermiform appendix. It is one of the leading causes of emergency department visits due to abdominal pain. The vermiform appendix is located at the base of cecum. The attachment does not change; however the tip may migrate to the retrocecal, subcecal, preileal, postileal and pelvic positions. Considering these normal anatomical positions, the pain presentation may vary in patients.

Even though this patient presented with midsternal chest pain, which was suspicious for GERD, it was crucial to perform a thorough head-to-toe exam to discover incidental findings that the patient did not report. In this ...


A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee May 2022

A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee

Stratford Campus Research Day

Akinetic mutism, a rare neurological condition involving sensory, motor, language, behavior, and emotional changes, mimicking locked-in syndrome, should be considered in acute stroke patients presenting with speech deficits. This condition, although debilitating initially, does have prospects for recovery. In this case report, we present the case of a patient presenting to the ER for altered mental status, found to be in DKA, NSTEMI, suspected narcotic overdose, and unilateral acute ischemic stroke of the left anterior communicating artery (ACA), who was found to have Akinetic Mutism. In stroke patients presenting with aphasia and dysarthria, it is worth considering akinetic mutism in ...


Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai May 2022

Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai

Stratford Campus Research Day

New onset gait dysfunction often prompts admission to the hospital for further evaluation. The typical patient is an elderly person who normally is self-sufficient but had recently experienced a decline in their ability to care for themselves. Sometimes, however, those who present with gait dysfunction do not fit the expected demographic. These individuals raise concern for less common “zebra” presentations of neurological dysfunction. We describe one such rare case of a 39-year-old female with a new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent COVID-19 infection that presented to the emergency department with a sensation of bilateral lower extremity burning ...


Case Report: Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Kelly Schuitema, Wayne Tamaska, Robin Lahr May 2022

Case Report: Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Kelly Schuitema, Wayne Tamaska, Robin Lahr

Stratford Campus Research Day

Thyrotoxic crisis, or thyroid storm, is an acute, life threatening event caused by hyperthyroidism with mortality up to 8-25% that can present with multi-system organ involvement. It is a rare, but well studied complication in the emergency department but can lead to further, less common complications. In this study we will discuss a case of thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis (TPP) most commonly affects Asian men. The key features of the syndrome include acute onset of hypokalemia and paralysis. The hypokalemic aspect of the disorder is secondary to the shift intracellularly by thyroid hormones’ sensitization of Na ...


Case Report: The Heart Breaking Tale Of Takotsubo In The Ed, Richard Baluyot, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Sergey Medlenov, Joseph Pagano, Bhumi Shah May 2022

Case Report: The Heart Breaking Tale Of Takotsubo In The Ed, Richard Baluyot, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Sergey Medlenov, Joseph Pagano, Bhumi Shah

Stratford Campus Research Day

Chest pain is one of the most common chief complaints that emergency room physicians deal with on a daily basis. Here we present a rare cause of chest pain on a patient diagnosed with takotsubo cardiomyopathy. This is a condition that has been on the rise since its initial discovery and therefore clinicians should consider this on their differential when assessing patients with chest pain, especially postmenopausal women.


Case Report: Segmental Testicular Infarction, Nicholas Coan, Ronald Clearie, Amanda Maciag, Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neelesh Parikh May 2022

Case Report: Segmental Testicular Infarction, Nicholas Coan, Ronald Clearie, Amanda Maciag, Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neelesh Parikh

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report a case of a 45-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department with acute onset left testicular pain and was diagnosed with left sided segmental testicular infarction. The differential diagnosis of acute onset testicular/scrotal pain can include critical urological diagnoses such as testicular torsion and testicular tumors. In the absence of global flow disruption on ultrasound Doppler, emergent surgical intervention is not needed. While ultrasound aids in the Emergency Department’s management of acute testicular pain, it does not rule out the need for an additional outpatient work-up or imaging. Conservative management with pain control, outpatient scrotal ...


Syncope Masquerading As Pulmonary Embolism, Melissa Itidiare Locke, Andrew Caravello, Melanie Angelo, Andrew Vasta May 2022

Syncope Masquerading As Pulmonary Embolism, Melissa Itidiare Locke, Andrew Caravello, Melanie Angelo, Andrew Vasta

Stratford Campus Research Day

Syncope is a clinical syndrome that occurs due to a period of inadequate cerebral blood flow that cause a transient loss of consciousness that usually resolves within 8-10 seconds) [1] Our case demonstrates a 56-year-old female who experienced syncope for the first time. The patient had an unwitnessed fall and subsequently had imaging studies performed. A discovery of a Sub-Massive Pulmonary embolism was revealed.


Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

78-year-old female with past medical history of acromegaly status post pituitary adenoma status post resection presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain. ED workup was not significant for any acute intra-abdominal abnormalities; however, incidental finding of hyperkalemia was pertinent to the visit. Patient was treated in the ED for her condition but her potassium levels remained elevated despite repeated saline infusions. Patient was ultimately admitted to the hospital where it was discovered that she had recently been switched from octreotide injections to an oral somatostatin analogue Mycapssa. We believe that this patient’s hyperkalemia was caused by octreotide-induced insulin ...


Incidental Finding Of Unusually Large Renal Cyst During Point Of Care Ultrasound, David Ho, Jeffrey Gardecki May 2022

Incidental Finding Of Unusually Large Renal Cyst During Point Of Care Ultrasound, David Ho, Jeffrey Gardecki

Stratford Campus Research Day

Renal cysts are common, and their frequency and size increase as patients age. Renal cysts are derived primarily from tubules and can occur anywhere between Bowman’s capsule to the renal papilla. The cysts are composed of abnormally differentiated epithelial cells encapsulating a cavity of fluid. These abnormally differentiated cells are due to defects in the structure and function of cilia, the structures responsible for detecting urine flow as well as the epithelial composition of the epithelial architecture and repair. According to Campbell Urology, there are three processes in which renal cysts increase in their size – proliferation of epithelial cells ...


Bullous Pemphigoid With Excoriation Disorder In A 59 Year Old Woman, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Stephen Poos, Nguyen Vo May 2022

Bullous Pemphigoid With Excoriation Disorder In A 59 Year Old Woman, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Stephen Poos, Nguyen Vo

Stratford Campus Research Day

Bullous pemphigoid is the most common autoimmune blistering disease. Classic symptoms include blisters overlying urticarial plaques on the torso and extremities. The condition can result in intense pruritus that begins during the prodromal period.

Excoriation disorder is related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and is characterized by recurrent skin picking that results in lesions, repeated attempts to stop or decrease the picking, and resultant mental distress or impairment in functioning.

We present a case of a 59-year-old Caucasian female who presented with diffuse rash on most of her body. This particular case is notable for its concurrent severe dermatological and ...


Bells Palsy: A Late Complication Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Rohan Umrani, Sameer Akhtar, Sean Coulson, Brian Thomas, Yvette Wang May 2022

Bells Palsy: A Late Complication Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Rohan Umrani, Sameer Akhtar, Sean Coulson, Brian Thomas, Yvette Wang

Stratford Campus Research Day

A 60 year old male with a PMH of SARS-CoV-2, OSA and primary hypogonadism presented with a chief complaint of left sided facial numbness and weakness.

Bells Palsy is commonly caused by HSV, VZV, Lyme disease and less commonly ischemia or local compression. It presents with facial paralysis and loss of taste in anterior 2/3 of tongue.

In the absence of definitive Lyme serologies despite history of tick bite, it is likely that this patient had Bell’s Palsy as a late manifestation of COVID-19.


Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological disorder secondary to thiamine deficiency that is precipitated by administration of glucose-containing fluids prior to thiamine supplementation. Though WE is typically diagnosed among alcoholics (12.5%), the prevalence among nonalcoholics can vary from 0.04-0.13%. Around 30-40% of patients with underlying thiamine deficiency will only experience one of the symptoms from the typical triad, with the complete triad (encephalopathy, oculomotor dysfunction/nystagmus, and ataxia) only evident among 5-16% of the population. Among the non-alcoholic patient population presenting with WE, a history of vomiting is more frequent. While nausea affects around 80% of ...


Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello May 2022

Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Digoxin toxicity can present with varying manifestations. While pathognomonic symptoms such as xanthopsia (object appearing yellow) are a board favorite it is not a required finding and is in fact not seen with most patients. Rather digoxin toxicity presents with more non-specific symptoms such as GI distress (anorexia, N/V) neurological distress (lethargy, fatigue, delirium, confusion, disorientation, weakness. EKG findings are varied and include premature ventricular contractions, bradycardia, atrial tachyarrhythmias with AV block, ventricular bigeminy, junctional rhythms, various degrees of AV nodal blockade, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Although rarely seen, digoxin is one of the only causes of bidirectional ...


Comparing The Relapse Rate Between Medication Assisted-Only Treatment And Medication-Assisted Treatment With An Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Regimen In Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain, Karen Huang, Danielle Cooley May 2022

Comparing The Relapse Rate Between Medication Assisted-Only Treatment And Medication-Assisted Treatment With An Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Regimen In Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain, Karen Huang, Danielle Cooley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Since the opioid crisis first began in 1991, opioid-related overdoses in the United States have continued to increase dramatically, killing nearly 47,000 people in 2018, and making it one of the most pressing issues in healthcare. The most reported reason for misuse of pain relievers was to relieve physical pain. The increase in opioid abuse has also led to an increase in patients seeking medication-assisted treatment (MAT).

Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) has been shown to have efficacy in relieving both chronic and acute pain. No current studies have investigated the use of OMT as an adjunct treatment to MAT ...