Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 334

Full-Text Articles in Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner Jan 2023

African American And Caucasian Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Qualitative Study, Peter Warren, Stacie Pankow, Yvette Rother, Peggy Wagner

The Qualitative Report

This study examined the attitudes held by both African Americans and Caucasians regarding colorectal cancer screening and the reasons why they avoid screenings even when clinically indicated by their physicians. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common and easily preventable types of cancer in the United States. If diagnosed and treated early prior to metastasis, the five-year colorectal cancer survival rate is approximately 90%. However, many patients avoid screening procedures for colorectal cancer due to a number of reasons. Qualitative data was gathered from focus groups and found four major themes that emerged in both groups: (1) reported …


Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted Dec 2022

Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith community nurses provide services to diverse populations and should be aware of the recent monkeypox outbreak. The 2022 outbreak is dissimilar from previous as cases are occurring in non-endemic countries with no travel connections to endemic countries. Cases in the United States are mostly identified in the gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. Symptoms of monkeypox begin with flu-like symptoms progressing to a sequential rash (macule, papule, vesicles, pustules, scabs). The distinguishing characteristic of monkeypox from other Orthopoxviruses is lymphadenopathy. There is no FDA approved treatment for monkeypox as most cases are mild and self-limiting, …


Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus Oct 2022

Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cardiac sodium (Na+) MRI has the potential to unveil relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, this modality requires many technical adaptations before it’s possible to extract and compare image data between individuals. This study investigated whether cardiac electrocardiogram (ECG) gating could improve image quality, and whether a uniform phantom could increase signal uniformity if a surface coil is used to acquire the image. Healthy participants were imaged with a custom-built surface coil and 3.0-T MR system. Cardiac gated images presented with a decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but intensity correction significantly increased image signal …


Classification Of Breast Cancer Histopathological Images Using Semi-Supervised Gans, Balaji Avvaru, Nibhrat Lohia, Sowmya Mani, Vijayasrikanth Kaniti Sep 2022

Classification Of Breast Cancer Histopathological Images Using Semi-Supervised Gans, Balaji Avvaru, Nibhrat Lohia, Sowmya Mani, Vijayasrikanth Kaniti

SMU Data Science Review

Breast cancer is diagnosed more frequently than skin cancer in women in the United States. Most breast cancer cases are diagnosed in women, while children and men are less likely to develop the disease. Various tissues in the breast grow uncontrollably, resulting in breast cancer. Different treatments analyze microscopic histopathology images for diagnosis that help accurately detect cancer cells. Deep learning is one of the evolving techniques to classify images where accuracy depends on the volume and quality of labeled images. This study used various pre-trained models to train the histopathological images and analyze these models to create a new …


Associations Between Cannabis, Psychosis, And Schizophrenia In Adolescents, Lauren Moment Sep 2022

Associations Between Cannabis, Psychosis, And Schizophrenia In Adolescents, Lauren Moment

Academic Leadership Journal in Student Research

The effects of cannabis use on the brain, mind, and body have been studied for decades. The developing brain, particularly the adolescent and young adult brain, undergoes critical development that makes it especially susceptible to the effects of cannabis use. Among the adverse effects of cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood, psychosis and psychotic disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) have been examined. The association of cannabis use with schizophrenia was first elucidated in a Swedish study of army conscripts. Specifically, conscripts reported their cannabis use exposure and were followed longitudinally to assess the emergence of schizophrenia. The authors found that those …


Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer Jul 2022

Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Perioperative Risks of the Patient with Heart Failure

Gabrielle Metoyer

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810 – Advanced Pathophysiology

Dr. Deanna Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

August 5, 2022

Abstract

According to the CDC (2020), heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to support other organs in your body. Heart failure is an epidemic disease affecting 1-2% of the population worldwide (Schwinger, 2020). It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 6.5 million adults with heart failure in the United States (Lo et al., 2021). Medical advances …


Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee Jul 2022

Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Melissa J. Lee

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810: Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Dr. Deana Batross & Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

July 29, 2022

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Proper evaluation of co-morbidities is imperative for patient safety and successful outcomes for patients undergoing anesthesia. Aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the most complex diseases encountered in anesthesia, affecting five percent of older adults and ten percent of the 80-89-year-old-cohort (Joseph et al., 2017). The pathophysiological development of AS is the end result of an inflammatory process caused by endothelial damage from mechanical stress, …


Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks Jul 2022

Project Ankle-Brachial Index: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Peripheral Artery Disease Protocol, Melaney Banks

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing or blocking of the arteries due to plaque buildup, which prevents oxygen, blood, and other nutrients from getting to the legs. When this buildup reaches a certain point, it becomes atherosclerosis, which is more prevalent in a smoker. Smoking intensifies the problem of plaque buildup if an individual already suffers from PAD. When an individual smokes, the nicotine causes the arteries to constrict and narrow, reducing blood flow further. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple, cost-effective diagnostic test to identify the presence of PAD which will improve patient outcomes.

Purpose: This …


A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming Jun 2022

A Review Of The Pathogenesis, Clinical Features And Diagnostic Indicators Of The Novel Condition Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia, Ada Fleming

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The introduction of vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 infection was a welcome and significant event in the COVID-19 pandemic. While vaccine administration was for the most part successful, it did come with the emergence of a novel condition, Vaccine-Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT). This condition presents after the administration of adenoviral vector-based vaccines against COVID-19, causing thrombocytopenia and thrombosis in affected individuals. There have been 10 suspected cases of VITT in Ireland. While its mechanism is not fully understood, the condition is characterised by the presence of Platelet Factor 4 (PF4) antibodies. There are several laboratory indicators which may suggest that a patient …


Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd Jun 2022

Identifying Predictors For Inflammation-Induced Preterm Birth: A Murine Study, Tzu Ning Liu Bs, Jose Galaz Md, Nardhy Gomez-Lopez Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A large proportion of preterm deliveries is affected by intra-amniotic inflammation, which can occur in the presence (intra-amniotic infection) or absence (sterile intra-amniotic inflammation) of microbes. Studies have shown an association between intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and changes in the cervicovaginal microbiome. However, their causal relationships are unknown. This study aims to determine the causality of intra-amniotic inflammation, cervical shortening, and cervicovaginal microbiome alterations.

Methods: Pregnant C57BL/6 dams received an ultrasound-guided intra-amniotic injection of an endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the alarmin interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on 16.5 …


The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia May 2022

The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, taking more than 90,000 lives annually. Type 2 diabetes mellitus-induced cardiac fibrosis is a common condition seen in diabetic patients. The AGE/RAGE signaling cascade has been strongly associated with this supposed cardiac fibrosis along with hyperactive myofibroblasts which excessively remodel extracellular matrix tissue, leading to damaged and enlarged heart muscle tissue. In diabetic patients, Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are produced in abundance and accumulate in the extracellular matrix of heart tissue. To investigate the role of of the AGE ligand on fibroblast behavior, increasing amounts of …


Case Report: How A Vallecular Cyst Could Have Become An Airway Emergency, Adam Kandil, Robin Lahr, Andrew Caravello May 2022

Case Report: How A Vallecular Cyst Could Have Become An Airway Emergency, Adam Kandil, Robin Lahr, Andrew Caravello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Vallecular cysts, also known as epiglottic mucous retention cysts are known to be generally self-limiting laryngeal lesion. They can however also be associated with airway obstruction, and dysphagia in infants. In adults, they are usually asymptomatic, and usually incidentally diagnosed. At times they are diagnosed during rapid sequence intubation, as they may contribute to endotracheal intubation difficulty. Moreover, there is question as to the correlation between vallecular cysts and the incidence of acute epiglottitis, as a vallecular cyst may become infected and cause a localized expansion of inflammation and infection. This expansion from the vallecula progresses to epiglottis.


A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris May 2022

A Case Of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis In An Adult Male With Bipolar Disorder, Jinisha Patwa, Tracey Harris

Stratford Campus Research Day

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare demyelinating disease characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. The rapidly progressive inflammation in the central nervous system is known to occur in response to a prior infection or immunization.

The clinical signs of ADEM may manifest up to 60 days post illness or vaccination. Some develop encephalopathy and neurologic symptoms which include confusion, psychosis, and tetraparesis. Paresthesia of the limbs and muscular atrophy indicate a worse prognosis and higher risk of relapse as opposed to those with only CNS involvement. A predominantly psychiatric presentation is also possible.

Risk factors include …


A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner May 2022

A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner

Stratford Campus Research Day

COVID-19 is a viral infection that is caused by an RNA virus in a subfamily of Coronaviridae named severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS CoV 2). The family also includes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) which have previously been shown to cause respiratory symptoms and psychosis with immunoreactivity to IgG.


A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey May 2022

A Puzzling Case Of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus In The Outpatient Setting, Shadi Shams, Asim Shafique, Marym Khan, James Bailey

Stratford Campus Research Day

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease of adulthood characterized by the triad of gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence. Since NPH shares a lot of characteristics with other disorders including neurodegenerative disorders and degenerative-dystrophic spine, it is usually underdiagnosed and undertreated. Combination of ventriculomegaly seen on a computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with clinical findings could be used in diagnosis of NPH. However, improvement of symptoms post spinal tap procedure would be a better indication of diagnosis. Currently, shunt placement is the best available modality of treatment for NPH. Here we present a case of …


An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar May 2022

An Herbal Liver Effect: Ashwagandha-Induced Hepatotoxicity, Mohammad Rattu, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Neeharika Bhatnagar

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ashwagandha is a popular Ayurvedic herb that is derived from the extracts of the roots of Withania somnifera, an evergreen shrub endemic to India and Southeast Asia. It is generally utilized as a tonic to increase one’s energy and reduce stress levels. Often referred to as “Indian ginseng”, it provides neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties that address stress, pain, and fatigue. Additionally, it may assist in dealing with rashes, diabetes, and arthritis. It has also been shown to counteract the effects of aging. Though these properties have not been shown in prospective studies, it has become a popular product among western …


Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna May 2022

Case Report: Glioblastoma Tumor Presenting With Mild Changes In Memory, Samuel Thalathoti, Nicholas Palladino, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report a case of a 66-year-old female who presented to the ED with generalized headache and mild confusion, who was diagnosed with high-grade glial neoplasm. The differential diagnosis of headache is vast, but without red flags or symptoms is generally from a benign cause and easily treatable. However, even in the context of a normal neurologic physical exam, symptoms such as confusion, forgetfulness, and behavioral changes should merit imaging in the workup. Glioblastoma is the most common brain tumor, accounting for 47.7% of all cases, with an incidence of 3.21 per 100,000 population. Median age of diagnosis is 64 …


Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai May 2022

Case Report: A Patient With Gait Dysfunction With Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy Masquerading As Diabetic Polyneuropathy, David Parkes, Russell Mordecai

Stratford Campus Research Day

New onset gait dysfunction often prompts admission to the hospital for further evaluation. The typical patient is an elderly person who normally is self-sufficient but had recently experienced a decline in their ability to care for themselves. Sometimes, however, those who present with gait dysfunction do not fit the expected demographic. These individuals raise concern for less common “zebra” presentations of neurological dysfunction. We describe one such rare case of a 39-year-old female with a new onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent COVID-19 infection that presented to the emergency department with a sensation of bilateral lower extremity burning …


Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho May 2022

Case Report: Epigastric Abdominal Pain From Beverage Ingestion Of Freshly Squeezed Juice Of The Hardy Orange Flying Dragon Plant (Poncirus Trifoliata), James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, David Ho

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 25 year old male who presented to the ED with epigastric abdominal pain after ingesting a freshly squeezed beverage form of Flying Dragon Hardy Orange plant (Poncirus trifoliata). Poison control was contacted and recommended symptomatic treatment only. The patient’s pain resolved while in the emergency department. Seed and rind preparations have been used as an herbal remedy in East Asia. Freshly squeezed Poncirus trifoliata can cause significant abdominal pain.


Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 38-year-old male physician who was vaccinated with the Pfizer vaccine. He experienced arm pain and swelling on the vaccinated arm as well as systemic symptoms, including fever, chills, headache and weakness. The systemic symptoms improved after the use of oral prednisone. A review of the literature on the COVID vaccine is presented.


Syncope Masquerading As Pulmonary Embolism, Melissa Itidiare Locke, Andrew Caravello, Melanie Angelo, Andrew Vasta May 2022

Syncope Masquerading As Pulmonary Embolism, Melissa Itidiare Locke, Andrew Caravello, Melanie Angelo, Andrew Vasta

Stratford Campus Research Day

Syncope is a clinical syndrome that occurs due to a period of inadequate cerebral blood flow that cause a transient loss of consciousness that usually resolves within 8-10 seconds) [1] Our case demonstrates a 56-year-old female who experienced syncope for the first time. The patient had an unwitnessed fall and subsequently had imaging studies performed. A discovery of a Sub-Massive Pulmonary embolism was revealed.


Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

78-year-old female with past medical history of acromegaly status post pituitary adenoma status post resection presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain. ED workup was not significant for any acute intra-abdominal abnormalities; however, incidental finding of hyperkalemia was pertinent to the visit. Patient was treated in the ED for her condition but her potassium levels remained elevated despite repeated saline infusions. Patient was ultimately admitted to the hospital where it was discovered that she had recently been switched from octreotide injections to an oral somatostatin analogue Mycapssa. We believe that this patient’s hyperkalemia was caused by octreotide-induced insulin suppression …


Case Study Of Metformin-Induced Lactic Acidosis, Kajel Patel, Kishan Patel May 2022

Case Study Of Metformin-Induced Lactic Acidosis, Kajel Patel, Kishan Patel

Stratford Campus Research Day

Metformin induced lactic acidosis is when high levels of metformin cause dangerously high levels of lactic acid. Here is a case report of a 72-year-old female who came in for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea found to have a high suspicion for metformin induced lactic acidosis. She stabilized in the emergency department, nephrology and ICU was contacted, and she went for emergent dialysis. For many patients the prognosis of metformin induced lactic acidosis is poor. This patient was made comfort care by her family.


Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema May 2022

Wernicke’S Encephalopathy Secondary To Hyperemesis Gravidarum, Mohammad Rattu, Alexander Norinsky, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological disorder secondary to thiamine deficiency that is precipitated by administration of glucose-containing fluids prior to thiamine supplementation. Though WE is typically diagnosed among alcoholics (12.5%), the prevalence among nonalcoholics can vary from 0.04-0.13%. Around 30-40% of patients with underlying thiamine deficiency will only experience one of the symptoms from the typical triad, with the complete triad (encephalopathy, oculomotor dysfunction/nystagmus, and ataxia) only evident among 5-16% of the population. Among the non-alcoholic patient population presenting with WE, a history of vomiting is more frequent. While nausea affects around 80% of pregnant women, an extreme form …


Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello May 2022

Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Digoxin toxicity can present with varying manifestations. While pathognomonic symptoms such as xanthopsia (object appearing yellow) are a board favorite it is not a required finding and is in fact not seen with most patients. Rather digoxin toxicity presents with more non-specific symptoms such as GI distress (anorexia, N/V) neurological distress (lethargy, fatigue, delirium, confusion, disorientation, weakness. EKG findings are varied and include premature ventricular contractions, bradycardia, atrial tachyarrhythmias with AV block, ventricular bigeminy, junctional rhythms, various degrees of AV nodal blockade, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Although rarely seen, digoxin is one of the only causes of bidirectional ventricular …


Comparing The Relapse Rate Between Medication Assisted-Only Treatment And Medication-Assisted Treatment With An Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Regimen In Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain, Karen Huang, Danielle Cooley May 2022

Comparing The Relapse Rate Between Medication Assisted-Only Treatment And Medication-Assisted Treatment With An Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Regimen In Patients With Musculoskeletal Pain, Karen Huang, Danielle Cooley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Since the opioid crisis first began in 1991, opioid-related overdoses in the United States have continued to increase dramatically, killing nearly 47,000 people in 2018, and making it one of the most pressing issues in healthcare. The most reported reason for misuse of pain relievers was to relieve physical pain. The increase in opioid abuse has also led to an increase in patients seeking medication-assisted treatment (MAT).

Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) has been shown to have efficacy in relieving both chronic and acute pain. No current studies have investigated the use of OMT as an adjunct treatment to MAT for …


Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Scouarnec, Martin M. Forsberg May 2022

Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Scouarnec, Martin M. Forsberg

Stratford Campus Research Day

Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) involves nonthreatening hallucinations in patients who have no neurological and no psychological abnormalities but with significant visual impairment secondary to ocular disease, such as macular degeneration, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. When a patient loses vision, their visual system doesn’t process new images. Without data coming through the eyes, the brain fills the void and makes up images or recalls stored images for you to see and this is what causes the hallucinations in CBS.

Many physicians are unaware of CBS and its prevalence, and with proper detection, physicians can help treat their patients with a frequently …


A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman May 2022

A Suspected Case Of Vaccine Induced Thrombosis With Thrombocytopenia Following Sars Cov2 Vaccine, Maryam Soliman

Stratford Campus Research Day

With the new development of the SARS-CoV vaccine and the majority of the population receiving this vaccine, it is important to recognize some of the rare side effects associated with it.

VITT is a rare complication of the COVID vaccine

Diagnostic criteria: COVID vaccine 4-24 days prior to symptom onset, any venous or arterial thrombosis, thrombocytopenia <150, positive PF4 HIT ELISA, markedly elevated D-dimer >4x ULN.

Vaccine Induced Thrombosis with Thrombocytopenia is a potentially life-threatening diagnosis that must be recognized and treated correctly to prevent poor outcomes.


A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus And Surrounding Temporal Cortex Of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier, Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong, Nimish K. Acharya May 2022

A Preliminary Report: The Hippocampus And Surrounding Temporal Cortex Of Patients With Schizophrenia Have Impaired Blood-Brain Barrier, Eric L. Goldwaser, Randel L. Swanson, Edgardo J. Arroyo, Venkat Venkataraman, Mary C. Kosciuk, Robert G. Nagele, L. Elliot Hong, Nimish K. Acharya

Stratford Campus Research Day

Schizophrenia (SZ) is one of the most severe forms of mental illness, yet mechanisms remain unclear. A widely established brain finding in SZ is hippocampal atrophy, and a coherent explanation similarly is lacking. Epidemiological evidence suggests increased cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications in SZ independent of lifestyle and medication, pointing to disease-specific pathology. Endothelial cell contributions to blood-brain barrier (BBB) compromise may influence neurovascular unit and peripheral vascular function, and we hypothesize that downstream functional and structural abnormalities may be explained by impaired BBB.


Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley May 2022

Association Of Perceived Early Adequate Analgesia And Chronic Pain Severity, Sean Coulson, Sameer Akhtar, Brian Thomas, Aleesa Mobley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Purpose: Establish if early adequate pain control is protective in the development of chronic pain syndromes.

Data collected via survey to patients being treated for chronic pain at the Neuromuscular Institute at RowanSOM

Data (small n) suggests patients with chronic pain have poorly controlled pain levels at the time of the acute event.

Anticipate with increased sample size will see a correlation between chronic pain prevalence and severity and perceived early adequate analgesia following the acute event.